OAI Archive: De Montfort University Open Research Archive

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "De Montfort University Open Research Archive"

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  1. Stephen Rainey, Experience and Consciousness: Concepts From the Outside In.
    The ‘feel’ of driving a Porsche is unlike that of seeing red. Sensorimotor theory and enactivism hold that looking for mechanisms or something ‘inside the head’ is a mistake in accounting for this. Consciousness does not ‘lie behind’ experience and action, but rather that it is in experience and action. Studying the actions organisms undertake in environments can provide insight into their consciousness and experience. Taking such actions as the locus of study, moreover, can provide greater insight than can studies (...)
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  2. Mark Coeckelbergh, Enhancement and the Vulnerable Body.
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  3. Mark Coeckelbergh, Human Being @ Risk: Enhancement, Technology, and the Evaluation of Vulnerability Transformations.
    Whereas standard approaches to risk and vulnerability presuppose a strict separation between humans and their world, this book develops an existential-phenomenological approach according to which we are always already beings-at-risk. Moreover, it is argued that in our struggle against vulnerability, we create new vulnerabilities and thereby transform ourselves as much as we transform the world. Responding to the discussion about human enhancement and information technologies, the book then shows that this dynamic-relational approach has important implications for the evaluation of new (...)
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  4. Mark Coeckelbergh, The Tragedy of the Master.
    Responding to long-standing warnings that robots and AI will enslave humans, I argue that the main problem we face is not that automation might turn us into slaves but, rather, that we remain masters. First I construct an argument concerning what I call ‘the tragedy of the master’: using the master–slave dialectic, I argue that automation technologies threaten to make us vulnerable, alienated, and automated masters. I elaborate the implications for power, knowledge, and experience. Then I critically discuss and question (...)
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  5. Mark Coeckelbergh, Too Close to Kill, Too Far to Talk: Interpretation and Narrative in Drone Fighting and Surveillance in Public Places.
    Like other teletechnological practices, drone fighting as remote fighting gives rise to a paradox with regard to the relation between ethics and distance: on the one hand, it bridges physical distance in the sense that it enables spying on people and killing people in other parts of the world. On the other hand, it seems to increase moral distance: if you are far away from your target, it becomes easier to kill. However, based on interviews with drone crew as published (...)
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  6. Will Buckingham, Communicating Not-Knowing: Education, Daoism and Epistemological Chaos.
    Mainstream educational theory and practice tend to favour what Freire, in Pedagogy of the Oppressed, has called ‘banking education’, in which students are seen as depositories of knowledge. But seeing pedagogy as a matter of simply communicating knowledge misses the epistemological complexities of our relationship with the world. By means of a reading of the Dao De Jing and the Zhuangzi, in this paper I intend to explore how the communication of not-knowing may be of central value in teaching and (...)
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  7. Abdulla Al-Dhaheri & Parminder Singh Kang, Lean Improvements to Passenger Departure Flow in Abu Dhabi Airport: Focus on Data From the Check-in Element.
    This is the second paper of three which concerns improving Passenger Departure Flow. The main aim of this paper is provide a summary of the research results, which includes both the reporting of empirical data collected at the Airport and the results obtained from simulation of existing flow for passenger departure process. The large quantity of data means this paper focuses on reporting data for the economy check-in element only. The project led towards development of rules for process of improvement (...)
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  8. Parminder Singh Kang, Abdulla Al-Dhaheri & Kang, Using Lean Philosophy to Improve Passenger Departure Flow in Abu Dhabi Airport.
    Lean is an established process improvement philosophy to achieve the operational excellence and the benefits can be more than just improving the process. This is evident as the benefits of Lean are truly exploited in automotive, aerospace and manufacturing sectors. There are numerous implementations of Lean philosophy in service sector such as banking, higher education, software development etc. The main aim of this paper is provide an overview of Lean philosophy and explore the benefits for airport processes. The airport processes (...)
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  9. Claudia Eckert & Martin Stacey, What is a Process Model? Reflections on the Epistemology of Design Process Models.
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  10. Anthony Oko & Parminder Singh Kang, Lean Six Sigma Approach to Improve the Admissions Process for a Nigerian HE Institute.
    Lean as a management paradigm has been applied extensively in manufacturing industries, and so little has been done in the area of its studies and application in managing affairs in education. This paper exemplifies the applicability of Lean Six Sigma approach for higher educational institutes. The problem solved is that of ineffective and inefficient admission process in the ELITE state polytechnic. The project is aimed at proffering a workable and a viable improvement process for the admission of candidates for the (...)
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  11. Will Buckingham, The Uncertainty Machine.
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  12. Will Buckingham, Telling Tales About the Yijing.
    This essay explores the cultural translation of the Chinese classic, the Book of Changes or Yijing through a reflection on my own attempts to adapt, use and misuse the text in literary form. My own engagement with the Yijing began when I set out to write a novel- of sorts based on the Chinese classic. The process of writing this novel, Sixty-Four Chance Pieces: A Book of Changes, has required not only that I culturally translate the Yijing, but that I (...)
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  13. Parminder Singh Kang, A. Duffy, Nigel Shires, Trevor Smith & Mike Novels, Lean Cables ? A Step Towards Competitive, Sustainable and Profitable Processes.
    In the business world, one of the key challenges is how to survive in ever changing business environments and outperforming the competitors, while keeping the operational cost at minimum and profits at maximum level. In other words, this can be described as the problem of improving operational efficiency and reducing cost. Over the past few years due to global financial challenges, it has become even more important to improve the operational efficiency and reduce costs to survive through these tough conditions. (...)
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  14. Rosemary Garratt, Connecting with Women: The Working Lives of Independent Midwives and Their Perceptions of the Mother-Midwife Relationship.
    This study aimed to explore the lived experience of the working lives of midwives in the UK who practice independently of the NHS. It was designed to understand their motivations for working in this way and to explore their beliefs and values about midwifery care with particular emphasis on their perceptions of building and maintaining relationships with childbearing women. Hermeneutic phenomenology informed the methodology for the study and an adapted biographical narrative interpretive method (Wengraf 2001) was used for data collection. (...)
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  15. Gabriel Egan, Materialism, the Mind/Body Problem and Genetics: A Response to David Hawkes.