OAI Archive: Dipòsit Digital de Documents de la UAB
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Dipòsit Digital de Documents de la UAB"
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- Thomas Kurt Sturm, Consciousness Regained? Philosophical Arguments for and Against Reductive Physicalism.This paper is an overview of recent discussions concerning the mind-body problem, which is being addressed at the interface between philosophy and neuroscience. It focuses on phenomenal features of consciousness or “qualia,” which are distinguished from various related issues. Then follows a discussion of various influential skeptical arguments that question the possibility of reductive explanations of qualia in physicalist terms: knowledge arguments, conceivability arguments, the argument of multiple realizability, and the explanatory gap argument. None of the arguments is found to (...)
- Caroline Jullien, From the Languages of Art to Mathematical Languages, and Back Again.Mathematics stand in a privileged relationship with aesthetics: a relationship that follows two main directions. The first concerns the introduction of mathematical considerations into aesthetic discourse. For instance, it is common to mention the mathematical architecture of certain artistic productions. The second leads from aesthetics to mathematics. In this case, the question is that of the role and meaning that aesthetic considerations may assume in mathematics. It is indeed a widely held view among mathematicians, of whatever socio-historical context, not only (...)No categories
- Diana Soeiro, «Know Thyself» : Mind, Body and Ethics. Japanese Archery and the Philosophy of Gilles Deleuze.This article aims to describe the mind/ body problem from an Eastern philosophy point of view addressing firstly Kyudo, the Japanese martial art of archery; and secondly the Western philosopher Gilles Deleuze. Ethics is, in Western philosophy, what deals with the way we take decisions and act upon them. Decisions and actions consider rationality and intuition but seldom the body’s own rationality and intuition —which Kyudo exercises. We can find in Deleuze’s philosophy important concepts to better understand this: difference, repetition, (...)No categories
- Konrad Paul Liessmann, Thought After Auschwitz and Hiroshima : Günther Anders and Hannah Arendt.The paper explores the relationships and interconnections in the philosophical and sociopolitical concepts of Günther Anders and Hannah Arendt. Both philosophers, who were married to each other for a short time, not only shared a similar fate in that they both had to flee from National Socialism, but both dealt with similar questions, albeit in different manners: with Auschwitz and the Holocaust, with the problem of totalitarianism, with the development of the Modern, which is defined by technology and industrial labour. (...)No categories
- Pompeu Casanovas, A Perspective From Philosophy and Sociology of Law: Agreement and Relational Justice.Relationships between empirical and philosophical approaches to the law have not been always peaceful. Agreement seems the most natural way to build up and implementing regulations and justice within human-machine inter-faces, and might help to bridge the gap between both theoretical approaches. Recent researches on relational law, relational jus-tice, crowdsourcing, regulatory systems and regulatory models are introduced. These concepts need further clarification, but they stand as political companions to more standard conceptions of law in the Semantic Web.No categories
- Iván Sánchez-Moreno, "Phrenology Brings Sound Judgment to Our Selection of Rulers" : The Failure Fo Phrenology in Social Reform Efforts in Catalonia in the Nineteenth Century.While this paper begins with a definition of phrenology and its theoretical foundations, the primary focus is on the efforts to spread phrenology in Catalonia undertaken by Marià Cubí and other mid-nineteenth century followers of the tenets of Gall and Spurzheim. Cubí saw the money-making potential of applying these ideas in diverse areas of society. In Catalonia, he and his followers took the view that it would be highly opportune to use phrenology to achieve reformist goals not only in education (...)No categories
- Víctor Pérez I. Flores, As If My Soul's Salvation Depended on It, or the Luck of the City : Introduction to the Theoretical Work of Eugeni d'Ors Related to the Students' Pension From the Diputació: The Process of Creation and Awarding.This article is a general introduction to the theoretical work of the philosophical formation of Eugeni DOrs; that related to the ranting of a scholarship from the Diputació Provincial de Barcelona. It shows the process of creation and awarding starting with a quaint Commission of New Services formed ad hoc to publicize these scholarships. It then reviews the newspaper coverage which was published in parallel, which suggests a more or less direct intervention of dOrs in the writing of the project (...)No categories
- Jordi Vallverdú, What Are Simulations? An Epistemological Approach.Contemporary sciences use a wide and diverse range of computational simulations, including in the areas of aeronautics, chemistry, bioinformatics, social sciences, AI, the physics of elementary particles and most other scientific fields. A simulation is a mathematical model that describes or creates computationally a system process. Simulations are our best cognitive representation of complex reality, that is, our deepest conception of what reality is. In this paper we defend that a simulation is equivalent epistemologically and ontologically with all other types (...)No categories
- Sven Thorsten Kilian, “Non Sanza Prima Far Grande Aggirata” : Turning the Pages in Dante and Botticelli.The paper analyses the sequentiality of Dante’s narrative in Inferno VIII–XI, and its pictorial translation by Sandro Botticelli. It intends to show the major intermedial differences of expression and their theological consequences. As a result, it argues that Botticelli’s ‘undramatic’ representation of the journey eliminates the tropological meaning of Dante’s poem and passes over the complexity of the compensational system. The drawings rather stress the organisational model and the longue durée of man’s representation of hell.No categories
- Jorge N. Ferrer & Iker Puente Vigiola, Participation and Spirit : An Interview with Jorge N. Ferrer.This interview with Jorge Ferrer explores a wide number of themes, ranging from his psychology studies at the University of Barcelona and the roots of his interest in transpersonal psychology to his arrival to San Francisco and first years at the California Institute of Integral Studies as a doctoral student. Topics discussed include his dissertation research, the publication of his first book 'Revisioning Transpersonal Theory', the participatory turn in transpersonal psychology, his first publications in the 'Journal of Transpersonal Psychology' and (...)
- José Antonio Noguera, Introduction : Why We Need an Analytical Sociological Theory.Sociology has long lived in a stigmatized and pre-paradigmatic state that is highly counterproductive for its status as a scientific discipline. Analytical Sociological Theory constitutes an attempt to change that situation by clarifying sociological concepts and practices, as well as optimizing and systematizing good explanatory work in social sciences. This essay presents some basic epistemic and methodological principles of AST and discusses their implications for traditional or «pre-analytical» ways of understanding social science. Its main aim is to serve as an (...)
- Ignasi Roviró Alemany, Pre-University Textbooks at the Beginning of the 19th Century : Grammar, Rhetoric and Philosophy.Over the course of the 19th century, a new field of publishing would appear: that of school textbooks. Although classes had seen textbooks before, it would be over the course of an entire century that they would gain a huge foothold in schools. This article studies the school textbooks of a generation, that of 1817, and focuses on one figure: that of the Catalan thinker Jaume Balmes. Coverage is given to the first textbooks on grammar, rhetoric and philosophy to be (...)No categories
- Joan Cuscó I. Clarasó, The Soul of the Earth and the Value of Art : Joan Miró, Rodolf Llorens, Antoni Tàpies, Eduard Nicol..This paper puts side by side philosophy and artistic creation in Catalonia in the twentieth century. We have to grasp how art and philosophy are able to generate and share thought and expression: a vision and a unique understanding of reality. This is a key reflection to understanding our times and reflects on the meaning and value of art and philosophy, humanism and the human condition in a society doomed to noise, to urgencies, and to lack of dialogue.No categories
- Joan Cuscó I. Clarasó, Eugeni D’Ors : Philosophy and Humanism in the Twentieth Century.Eugeni d’Ors i Rovira was the most influential thinker in Catalan culture in the twentieth centur y. He stood at the forefront of Noucentisme, which he captures in his philosophical novelof 1911 La ben plantada [The Elegant Woman], the main focus of this essay. The contribution of d’Ors falls within the context of European debates on humanism, its meaning and its value, particularly in the aftermath of the First World War. His work is an interpretation of the Mediterranean and Greek (...)No categories
- Noèlia Mateu, Philosophy in Valencia During the Early Decades of Franco’s Rule.With the arrival of Francoism to the University of Valencia, the academic world was mired in a decadent atmosphere unbearable to anyone with intellectual aspirations. It all began with a Falangist who, without receiving any orders, decided to assail the University; immediately the old professors were cast out. What followed was a period in which, in the Philosophy Department, ideology was more important than teaching preparation, and the ambition for power and prestige was the driving force in the professional careers (...)
- Giulio F. Pagallo, Frederic Riu and Kant’s Critique : Hegel in the Mirror World.I will introduce and explain in this article the basic features of the philosophy of my friend and colleague at the School of Philosophy at the Universidad Central de Venezuela Frederic Riu i Farré. Riu is a thinker of the difference between real experience and rational system, and conceived of philosophy as a kind of sentry of the “Encyclopedia of Unified Sciences”. Hence the critical attention given to the basic ontological positions held by Husserl, Heidegger, Hartmann and Sartre. And hence (...)
- Josep Maria Vilajosana, Ramon Martí D’Eixalà and the Nineteenth-Century Catalan Philosophical and Legal School.This text presents some of the central features of the philosophical and juridical thought of Ramon Martí d’Eixalà while also offering keys for interpreting his role in the establishment of the Catalan School of Philosophy and the Catalan Legal School in the nineteenth century. It draws attention to some unjustified interpretive clichés regarding his work, for example the attempt to link his theses with romantic postulates.No categories
- Víctor J. Luque Martín, The Philosophy of Josep Lluís Blasco : The Transcendental View.In this article we will do a survey of the life and works of Josep Lluís Blasco, who was professor of the Theory of Knowledge at the University of Valencia. We will see his relationship with the Marxism and politics during the Transition, the impact of logical positivism and Wittgenstein’s work versus metaphysics in completing his thesis, the impressions from Quine’s work and the challenges of his naturalism, etc. All in all, we will present Josep Lluís Blasco’s change of viewpoint (...)
- Sílvia Gómez Soler, Josep Lluís Blasco, Politician and Philosopher.Josep-Lluís Blasco was an inspired ideologist to the political parties embodying nationalist and leftist positions in the Valencian Country. In regard to Philosophy, Blasco awoke an interest in analytic philosophy and took part in one of the most successful projects the Faculty of Philosophy of Valencia ever endeavored: the international symposia on Logic and Philosophy of Science and the publication of the journal Teorema. His work counts as one of the most solid contributions our culture has yielded within the field (...)No categories
- Enrico Berti, Philosophy and Human Rights.It is common knowledge that modern political societies, and to even greater extent contemporary ones, are characterized by pluralism. The term is used to describe situations which contain within the same society individuals and groups associated by various religions, various cultures, and various ethical systems. This is the consequence of several historical phenomena of widespread influence, which began in modern epoch and has intensified in the contemporary era, such as secularization, emigration, the establishment of democratic regimes in an even-larger number (...)No categories
- Dilip Loundo, What’s Philosophy After All? : The Intertwined Destinies of Greek Philosophy and Indian Upanisadic Thinking.The article highlights the similarities between ancient Greek philosophy and Indian Upanisadic thinking as projects of self-transformation that resort basically to rational means. The strategyadopted combines two basic sets of tools. On the one hand, we resort to elements of contemporary internal critique of ‘philosophy’ in the West with an emphasis on revised aspects of ancient Greek tradition. On the other, we point to peculiar features of Indian Upanisadic thinking in order to help locating, identifying, and recognizing possible dormant/forgotten characteristics (...)No categories
- Andrey N. Pavlenko, Cogito, Ergo Sum : From an Enthymeme to Bioethics.The work analyzes the Cartesian expression “cogito ergosum” from the points of view of the traditional and the modern logics. The expression is shown to be an enthymeme with the major premise omitted. Two ways of the major premise interpretation are made clear: 1) as a conventional assertion ; 2) as a proposition containing an equivalence. It is shown that the equivalence of “thinking and being” assumed by Descartes has once opened up the logical-anthropological opportunity to proclaim as “non-existing” what (...)No categories
- Steffen Ducheyne, Galileo and Huygens on Free Fall : Mathematical and Methodological Ifferences.In this essay, I will scrutinize the differences between Galileo’s and Huygens’s demonstrations of free fall, which can be found respectively in the Discorsi and the Horologium, from a mathematical, representational and methodological perspective. I argue that more can be learnt from such an analysis than the thesis that Huygens re-styled Galilean mechanics which is a communis opinio. I shall argue that the differences in their approach on free fall highlight a significantly different mathematical and methodological outlook.
- Rhoda Unger, What We Look For is What We Find.The purpose of this paper is to examine epistemological connections between the words used by psychologists, the way words influence what methodology we use, and how methods influence our beliefs about causality and construct phenomena regarded a psychological "facts." These processes are considered in terms of a personal and historical perspective gained from nearly forty years of studying the psychology of women and gender. This paper focuses the history of the distinction between "sex" and "gender" and the continued attention of (...)No categories