OAI Archive: ePublications@Bond University
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- Stacy M. Carter, Chris Degeling, Jenny Doust & Alexandra Barratt, A Definition and Ethical Evaluation of Overdiagnosis.Overdiagnosis is an emerging problem in health policy and practice: we address its definition and ethical implications. We argue that the definition of overdiagnosis should be expressed at the level of populations. Consider a condition prevalent in a population, customarily labelled with diagnosis A. We propose that overdiagnosis is occurring in respect of that condition in that population when the condition is being identified and labelled with diagnosis A in that population ; this identification and labelling would be accepted as (...)No categories
- Damian Cox & Michael P. Levine, Welcome to Su: The Spectral University.While some may argue that universities are in a state of crisis, others claim that we are living in a post-university era; a time after universities. If there was a battle for the survival of the institution it is over and done with. The buildings still stand. Students enrol and may attend lectures, though most do not. But virtually nothing real remains. What some mistakenly take to be a university is, in actuality, an “uncanny” spectral presence. The encompassing ethico-philosophical question (...)No categories
- Damian Cox & Michael Levine, I Am Not Living Next Door to No Zombie.Posthumanist film and television is both a vehicle for reflection on discrimination and prejudice and a means of gratifying in fantasy deeply imbedded human impulses towards prejudice. Discrimination lies at the heart of posthuman narratives whenever the posthuman coalesces around an identifiable group in conflict with humans. We first introduce the idea of prejudice as a form of psychological defense, contrasting it with other accounts of prejudice in the philosophical literature. We then apply this notion to number of posthumanist film (...)No categories
- Damian Cox, Overcoming Victimhood: Stoicism, Anti-Stoicism and Le Fils.In this chapter I use a film by the Belgian filmmakers Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, Le Fils, to explore the difference between Stoic and Anti-Stoic approaches to overcoming victimhood. The Stoic approach to overcoming victimhood emphasizes the inner-strength and resourcefulness of victims. It sets up an ideal of Stoic independence in which a person responds to becoming a victim by marshalling inner resources to overcome destructive and painful emotions. An Anti-Stoic approach to overcoming victimhood rejects such an appeal to independence (...)No categories
- Dan J. B. Svantesson, The Holy Trinity of Legal Fictions Undermining the Application of Law to the Global Internet.The clash between the borderless Internet and the geographically structured legal landscape is almost universally adopted as the starting point for discussions of Internet jurisdiction issues. This clash is important, but to fully appreciate its implications we need to proceed far into the territory of jurisprudence. Here, I draw attention to how three presumptions that underpin all legal systems are stretched beyond their legitimate boundaries where domestic law is applied to the Internet in an extraterritorial manner. The consequences of this (...)No categories
- Julie Kelso, Irigaray’s Madonna.In this essay, I argue that Luce Irigaray’s recent, seemingly esoteric readings of the Madonna, actually provide us with a constructive, perhaps even politically progressive, interpretive mode for engaging with the religious texts and figures of our tradition as women. As such, I argue that through her own specific interpretive practice Irigaray provides us with a new image of Mary, and this new Madonna figures the very interrelational interpretive practice that Irigaray believes essential when it comes to our engagements with (...)No categories
- Julie Kelso, When Cherubim Touch: The Cleaving Feminine Wing of the Dual-Gendered Cherubim in 2 Chronicles 3: 11-12.Extract:According to Harold Bloom, contra Augustine, a serious mediation on the angel is not a pursuit valid only as an intellectual exercise and nothing more.No categories
- Dan Svantesson, Could Technology Resurrect the Dignity of the FIFA World Cup Refereeing?The 2014 FIFA World Cup is over and was in most senses a success. However, the reality is that from the perspective of fairness, the 2014 World Cup was off to a remarkably bad start. Like many major football events in the past, this World Cup was plagued by controversial refereeing. In this article, I will speculate about the role that technology may play in enhancing the great game of football. I will also draw some comparison between the rules of (...)No categories
- Raoul Mortley (2013). Plotinus, Self and the World `. Cambridge University Press.Plotinus, Self and the World addresses the question of the individual subject in its relationship with the world, the 'all'. It traces the self through its experience of memory and forgetfulness, looks at whether the idea of the subconscious exists in Plotinus, and notes the probable impact of Plotinus' thought on the development of the autobiography, in the form of Augustine's Confessions. Augustine historicises the Plotinian individual self. The book reinterprets the idea of to oikeion in Plotinus and places great (...)No categories
- Raoul Mortley, From Word to Silence, Vol.1, The Rise and Fall of Logos.No categories
- Raoul Mortley, From Word to Silence, Vol. 2, The Way of Negation, Christian and Greek.No categories
- Emily Wilson & Shirleene Robinson, Working Together? Medical Professionals, Gay Community Organisations and the Response to HIV/AIDS in Australia, 1983-1985.This article provides an in-depth analysis of the relationship between gay men, community organisations and the medical profession between 1983 and 1985 in Australia, a period when the key features of that nation’s HIV/AIDS public health policy were determined. It charts the continuing acceptance of a medical mode of understanding homosexual behaviour. The article uses a range of original sources to investigate the relationship and tensions between medical professionals and gay men. The conservative state of Queensland is used a case (...)
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter III. Michel Serres.Michel Serres was born in France in 1930, and is Professor in History of Science at the Sorbonne (Paris 1). He began his adult life by training for the navy, and a love for the sea and its metaphors is always evident in his work. Originally from the south of France, Michel Serres is keenly interested in rugby. His philosophical work began with the study of Leibniz, but following this he embarked on his own self-expression, which led him to the (...)No categories
- Alexandra Merrett, Religious Liberty as a Paradigm for the Development of Human Rights.This paper examines the development of religious liberty as a paradigm of human rights. It will be argued that the development of the concept "freedom of religion" is in fact fundamental to modern notions of human rights. Examining the emergence of religious tolerance and then liberty through the era of the religious wars and subsequently the Enlightenment, it will be further argued that religious tolerance evolved due to political expediency as opposed to rational discourse. Liberal philosophy then established the rhetoric (...)
- Rosita Dellios, What Does Harmonious Regionalism Mean? 和谐地区主义的含义？.Harmonious regionalism from the perspective of Chinese philosophy is best expressed as an anti-hegemonic discourse that privileges wu-wei (actionless action) and yin-yang correlativity. These are framed within a larger Confucian-Socialist hybrid narrative, such as “win-win” policies that are advanced in various white papers, be they on China’s “peaceful development”, foreign aid or national defence. Through the use of social constructivism in Western International Relations theory, it is possible to ask whether China is a constructivist state in search of a correlative (...)No categories
- Stuart Murray, Reordering Diplomatic Theory for the Twenty-First Century: A Tripartite Approach.The central aim of this thesis is to deconstruct and reconstruct the dominant theoretical perceptions of diplomacy, by reworking radically existing theories of diplomacy. This thesis achieves reconceptualisation of diplomatic theory by critiquing the thoughts and ideas of theorists postulating on modern diplomacy. Consequently, this thesis is concerned (largely) with the theoretical terrain of diplomacy studies. The purpose of this intended deconstruction and reconstruction is to introduce and construct three lucid types of diplomatic theory. These three types or categories introduced (...)No categories
- R. James Ferguson, Making the Spirit Sing: A Review of Trevor Carolan's Return to Stillness: Twenty Years with a Tai Chi Master. [REVIEW]Highly recommended for beginners and adepts, students of Asian philosophies and marital arts, or those simply wishing to expand their horizon of understanding. Carolan, T. (2003) Return to Stillness: Twenty years with a Tai Chi Master, New York, Marlowe & Company. ISBN: 1569244871.No categories
- Martin Lu, Zen and Wall Street: Profile of a Philosopher-Investor.Extract: Having spent sixteen years teaching philosophy in Singapore, half a year in Hong Kong, and a few months near Shanghai, the three major financial centres in Cultural China, I have been unwittingly exposed to the brutality and intricacies of the business and financial world. I am particularly interested in the psychology of stock trading which could benefit greatly from Zen and Taoistic cultural resources.
- Li Tianchen, To Learn From the Past is to Serve the Present: A Confucian Lesson.Extract: Confucius (551-479 BC) ranks as China's most renowned educator and philosopher. His thought not only spans generations but also crosses diverse cultures in its worldwide appeal. Indeed, the very name Confucius is the Latinised version of Kong Fu Zi. A study of Confucius philosophical thought provides a significant civilisational resource in our understanding of the world and our efforts to change it. In the spirit of Confucius who studied the past to serve the present, this article examines the philosophy (...)
- Reg Little, When Civilizations Compete: A Review of Steven Shankman & Stephen W. Durrant (Eds), Early China / Ancient Greece: Thinking Through Comparisons. [REVIEW]The first edited volume in Sino-Hellenic Studies, this book compares early Chinese and Ancient Greek thought and culture. Shankman, S. & Durrant, S. W. (2002) Early China / Ancient Greece: Thinking through comparisons, Albany, State University of New York Press. ISBN: 0791453138.No categories
- Cathrin Thodok, The Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement in Sri Lanka.Extract: Sri Lanka is one of the highest achieving developing countries in Asia on a number of indicators, but despite decades of economic growth and welfare politics, the country still faces socio-economic development problems - especially in the rural areas, and in gender and empowerment issues.
- Dawn Carey, The Cosmopolitan Epoch: Configuring a Just World Order.Extract: In summary then, the 'new cosmopolitanism' offers a basis to establish a more just global order, predominantly through its espousal of a commitment to humanity as a whole, facilitated by building consensus on values which demonstrate a commitment beyond the nation. It is not universalist, although it has the potential to become so, and it is not predicated on the existence of a global public opinion. Rather, it seeks frameworks for political and economic decision-making at the global and national (...)
- John S. Wilkins (2008). The Roles, Reasons and Restrictions of Science Blogs. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23 (8):411-413.Over the past few years, blogging (“web logging”) has become a major social movement, and as such includes blogs by scientists about science. Blogs are highly idiosyncratic, personal and ephemeral means of public expression, and yet they contribute to the current practice and reputation of science as much as, if not more than, any popular scientific work or visual presentation. It is important, therefore, to understand this phenomenon.
- Rosita Dellios (2011). International Relations Theory and Chinese Philosophy. In B. McCormick & J. H. Ping (eds.), Chinese engagements: Regional issues with global implications.Extract:Insights drawn from a comparison between International Relations theory and Chinese philosophy provide a timely vantage point for ‘Chinese Engagements’ at this historical juncture of China’s emergence as a twenty-first century global power. In this chapter, after a brief historical background, three major International Relations theoretical perspectives are examined: neorealism, neoliberal institutionalism, and social constructivism. In addition, hegemonic stability theory and global governance are selected as concepts relevant to the globalised political world. The theory of correlativity is discussed as an (...)
- Dirk S. Hovorka & Allen S. Lee, Reframing Interpretivism and Positivism as Understanding and Explanation: Consequences for Information Systems Research.This research offers a new perspective by reframing the positivist-interpretive debate as a distinction between the functional outcomes of research: explanation and understanding. Based on an older and well-established literature in philosophy, this distinction can reinvigorate important differences in research outcomes that have been lost. Understanding or “subjective meaning” is connected to the intentionality, thoughts, and motivations of the human subjects under study. From this perspective, understanding is the type of knowledge gained from determining the meanings, categories, and symbols humans (...)No categories
- Jeffrey Kline & Shravan Luckraz (2011). A Note on the Relationship Between Graphs and Information Protocols. Synthese 179 (S1):103-114.Information protocols (IP's) were developed to describe players who learn their social situation by their experiences. Although IP's look similar to colored multi-graphs (MG's), the two objects are constructed in fundamentally different ways. IP's are constructed using the global concept of history, whereas graphs are constructed using the local concept of edges. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for each theory to be captured by the other. We find that the necessary and sufficient condition for IP theory to be captured (...)No categories
- Michael Harvey, Timothy Kiessling & Miriam Moeller, A View of Entrepreneurship and Innovation From the Economist 'for All Seasons' Joseph S. Schumpeter.Purpose - The paper seeks to examine the influence of the Austrian School of Economics and its views of innovations and entrepreneurship on one of their champions, Joseph Schumpeter. Schumpeter's insights on innovation and entrepreneurship issues are discussed and compared to previous literature.Design/methodology/approach - The paper is conceptual in nature, highlighting that the key process in economic change is the introduction of innovations; the central innovator is that of the entrepreneur.Findings - Insights gained from Schumpeter include the following: in the (...)
- Shirley Gregor & Dirk S. Hovorka, Causality: The Elephant in the Room in Information Systems Epistemology.Causal reasoning is central to scientific practice and to everyday life, yet has received scant attention in Information Systems epistemology. This essay identifies six types of causal analysis that can be used in IS research: regularity, counterfactual, probabilistic, manipulation, substantival (mental), and enabling condition analysis. A framework is developed for application of the different types of analysis in terms of two dimensions; planned versus emergent systems and prescriptive versus descriptive modes of research. It is shown how the different types of (...)No categories
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter I. Emmanuel Levinas.Emmanuel Levinas was born in Lithuania in 1905, though he received a French university education, at Strasbourg. From here, as a student, he travelled to Freiburg where he heard both Husserl and Heidegger lecture. Through his Jewish background he knew Yiddish, and therefore enough German to comprehend the lectures of the two Freiburg philosophers: it was through this social coincidence that a conduit was created from Germany to Paris. As a philosopher in Paris, Levinas introduced and developed phenomenological themes, and (...)
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter IV. Luce Irigaray.Luce Irigaray is a French national, born in Belgium in 1930. Her initial training was undertaken at Louvain, and her earlier work was on Paul Valéry. She then moved into psychology, linguistics and psychoanalysis. The book Speculum formed the substance of her Doctorate of Letters thesis, at the University of Paris VIII. She is a now Director of Research in Philosophy at the National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris. Her network goes far beyond the academic, and her influence in the (...)
- Raoul Mortley, Frontismatter, Table of Contents, and Introduction."French Philosophers in Conversation" eavesdrops on contemporary themes in French intellectual life. Well-known figures Jacques Derrida, Luce Irigaray, Emmanuel Levinas and Michel Serras are joined by those only now beginning to make an impact on the English-speaking world: Michele Le Doueff and Monique Schneider. Raoul Mortley draws out the ideas, personalities and society of these interesting and important figures. Representing many strands in the Parisian philosophical scene, feminism, phenomenology, literature, semiotics, psychoanalysis and communication are but a few of the subjects (...)
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter I. Logos Identified.Chapter Contents: From myth to logos 11; the meaning of logos/reason 12; logos as new-style myth 13; logos as autonomous, separate from individual exponents 18; Flats's attempts to define logos 20; the Sophists' caricature 21; Aristotle on logos as the human capacity, and logos as in nature 25; the stoic seminal logos 30; the Sceptics and their analysis of the invenrion of their predecessors; the failure of logos 33.
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter V. Naming And Being.Chapter Contents: Socrates on the pharmacy of language 94; Parmenides and Heraclitus on names and reality 95; Plato's reaction in the Tirnaeus and the Cratylus 96; Aristotle and language as a convention 98; on names and reality 100; Stoic, Epicurean and Sceptical views on the relation between names and nature 101; Philo on the identity of names and beings 103; names and reality in the Gnostic Gospel of Truth 107.
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter VII. Thinking Negatively : The Foundations Of The Via Negativa.Chapter Contents: Where does it come from? 125; how to interpret the Parmenides 127; Speusippus on the ineffable One 132; the negative in Plato 135; the negative in Aristotle 137; abstraction 141; the idea of reality which accompanies the method of abstraction 144; the Sceptics on the value of aphaireiir 150; Philo and the Gnostics on negative language 154.
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter VIII. Conclusion.[Extract] The ideas outlined thus far establish the setting in which the via negutiva of late Greek thought was able to flourish. Logos begins as a type of rational account, a canon of material about the world which exists, myth-like, independently of the individual thinker and philosopher. It was a touchstone, an instrument of checking and measuring the validity of the sense-data and notions generated in the human mind. It denoted the language of science, as against the language of common-sense, (...)No categories
- Raoul Mortley, Frontismatter, Preface, Table of Contents.[Extract]: This book is the result of some years' interest in negative theology and owes much to the stimulus of my friend and colleague, David Dockrill. It has taken a broader perspective than originally planned, and seeks to situate the development of negative theology within the context of the whole Greek concept of thought. The first volume deals with the classical period, with its enormous confidence in logos, the focal point of rationality, and with the gradual undermining of this faith. (...)No categories
- Raoul Mortley, Plotinus: The Language of Negation.
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter X. Gregory of Nyssa and Eunomius: Theology Versus Philosophy.[Chapter Contents]: The deity and time, 172; speech and time, 173; hope and Eunomius' backward-looking piety, 176; negation, 177; names and beings, 180; analogy, 183; does language pre-exist man? 184; language and reality, 187; privation and abstraction, 188; Gregory and the via negativa, 191.No categories
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter VI. Jacques Derrida.Jacques Derrida was born in Algeria in 1930. His early work, Plato's Pharmacy, published in three sections in the journal Tel Quel, was to establish a style and a set of concerns. More orthodox philosophical papers, such as Differance, establish the intellectual grounds for the course which he now pursues. His links with French institutional life have been as innovative as his thought: he was a founder of the International College of Philosophy in Paris, and is presently attached to the (...)
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter VI. The Silence Beyond Names.Chapter Contents: The early suspicions about discourse 110; silence in Greek tragedy 112; silence as pharmakon 112; the silence of the mysteries 113; Plato on the word 115; Aristotle on discourse and silence 117; Philo and the value of silence 11 8; the centrality of silence in the Gnostics 122; a development noted 124.
- Stuart Murray, Towards an Enhanced Understanding of Diplomacy as the Business of Peace.Abstract: In this paper it is proposed that the traditional view of diplomacy is an archaic vision of the ‘engine room of international relations.’ This rhetoric, it is argued, is parochial and does not match the realities of the modern, twenty-first century diplomatic environment where plural, peaceful and polylateral networks of diplomacy are thriving. In the modern diplomatic environment, the activity of diplomacy should be viewed as the business of multi-actor peace, not only as the handmaiden of the occasionally belligerent (...)No categories
- Raoul Mortley, Chapter II. Monique Schneider.Monique Schneider was born in France in 1935, and works partly in philosophy and partly in psychoanalysis. Her work is beginning to be better known, though it is still not widely read in English-speaking countries. Her major works are not translated into English. What distinguishes her writing is a rigorous analytic method, juxtaposed with an interest in psychoanalysis in the Lacan mode. Her interest in Freud goes far beyond Freud to a general philosophy of psychological states, and to an ontology (...)
- Rosita Dellios, Chinese Strategic Culture: Part 2 – Virtue and Power.When the world's most populous nation, commanding ample resources and a booming economy, begins to strengthen militarily, it cannot help but draw attention to itself. China has indeed done so through naval expansion in recent years and the upgrading of all aspects of its forces. While it has reassured the world of its peaceful intentions, speculation as to its motives is understandable. Intentions may, of course, be inferred from capability; but most strategic analysts recognise that capability alone is not enough. (...)No categories
- Stuart Murray, Consolidating the Gains Made in Diplomacy Studies: A Taxonomy.Since the end of the Cold War, the scope and study of diplomacy has expanded. In the modern diplomatic environment, novel terms such as pipeline diplomacy, coercive diplomacy, diplomacy by sanction and citizen diplomacy are common, alongside the more traditional view of diplomacy as state-to-state activity, monopolized by professional, official diplomats. With such a broad range of views, the scholar can become confused as to what actually constitutes modern diplomacy? In this article, it is argued that the disparity of views (...)No categories
- Peter Harrison (2001). Curiosity, Forbidden Knowledge, and the Reformation of Natural Philosophy in Early Modern England. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 92:265-290.[Introduction]: Curiosity is now widely regarded, with some justification, as a vital ingredient of the inquiring mind and, more particularly, as a crucial virtue for the practitioner of the pure sciences. We have become accustomed to associate curiosity with innocence and, in its more mature manifestations, with the pursuit of truth for its own sake. It was not always so. The sentiments expressed in Sir John Davies's poem, published on the eve of the seventeenth century, paint a somewhat different picture. (...)