OAI Archive: eScholar @Salve Regina University

Address: http://escholar.salve.edu/cgi/oai2.cgi/
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "eScholar @Salve Regina University"

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  1. Lois Eveleth, Ethics Across the Curriculum, or, On Being Bilingual.
    Both philosophical ethical systems and religious ethics are eminently desirable in higher education today. And, like two languages, and despite the differences, they can and should complement each other. In an increasingly secular milieu, our graduates will have to be "bilingual.".
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  2. Jeffrey M. Shaw, Thomas Merton and Jacques Ellul on Technology and Freedom.
    This qualitative analysis examines the thinking of Thomas Merton and Jacques Ellul on the impact that they believe technology and the idea of progress has had on human freedom. The thesis is that for both Merton and Ellul, modern technology itself and an uncritical acceptance of the idea of technological progress potentially inhibits the contemplative life and serves to deprive humanity of the God-given gift of freedom. ^ Examining Merton and Ellul through theological, sociological, and political lenses allows a point-by-point (...)
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  3. Lois Eveleth, Introduction: Becoming an Atheist.
    One of America's great intellectuals, Ralph Waldo Emerson created Transcendentalism, the underpinning of the Romantic movement and America's 19th century Renaissance. Not so well known is his anguished departure from the Christianity of his youth. This book corrects this oversight by showing connections between the faith of his youth and the central themes of Transcendentalism. This is a book not only about Emerson's intellectual and spiritual journey but about the essence of New England Transcendentalism.
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  4. Fred Abong, Quantum Irony and Classical Common Sense: Encouraging Rortian Solidarity and the Postmetaphysical Culture Through Decoherence and the Copenhagen Interpretation.
    This thesis explores the manner in which the vocabularies of quantum and classical physics can be redescribed in the vocabulary of Richard Rorty’s ironist and common sense dyad, and vice-versa. Of primary concern in this exploration is an examination of the ways in which such a redescription might encourage the realization of Rorty’s postmetaphysical culture and its attendant model of human solidarity. It is suggested that the concept of decoherence in the quantum mechanical tradition will prove especially useful to the (...)
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  5. Patricia Jane Tod, Managing Complexity: An Integration of Ethics, Management, and Technology Viewed Through the Dow Corning Silicone Implant Case.
    This dissertation is a contextual examination of an ethical organizational dilemma complicated by elaborate and interrelated systems or soft technologies. Dow Corning's silicone breast implant case is analyzed by example, to show the usefulness of a more varied, flexible, and multi-faceted approach to ethics and management in the midst of a rapidly expanding technological society. This case represents an ongoing managerial crisis that demonstrates why integrated ethical analysis is not a theoretical or historical practice but one of vital and critical (...)
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  6. Terry Murphy, .
    This dissertation examines the following question: Was the intercountry adoption of Romanian children by Americans during the period of 1990–2003 ethically justified? Stated formally, its thesis is: Utilizing developed ethical theories, specifically deontological ethics, an ethic of care, and utilitarianism, this dissertation assesses qualitatively intercountry adoption from Romania to the United States. ^ The assessment begins by examining the internationally approved documents relating to intercountry adoption. These reports help produce a quasi-global consensus for the three main “value views” of intercountry (...)
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  7. Frances M. Alexakos (2003). Attitudes of Rhode Island Primary Care Physicians Toward the Use of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer. Dissertation, Salve Regina University
    Physicians currently consider genetic testing for breast cancer, especially the BRCA1 and BRCA2 tests, as problematic, because their predictive value, efficacy, and benefit to patients benefit vary greatly. Individual physicians are pressured by mounting patients demanding access to genetic testing. On the one hand, many patients believe that they have the right to know their future medical condition and that their physician is obligated to respond to this right. On the other hand, a number of physicians hesitate to offer genetic (...)
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  8. John T. Fielding, .
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the problematic impact of technology on American health care. Although the pharmaceutical industry's use of technology has produced beneficial results, at times the industry seems to overlook the unintended consequences involved. This study also examines the pharmaceutical industry's attempts to influence the physician's prescribing decisions as well as the patient's desire to get well as soon as possible. It analyzes the FDA's role in approving drugs, in monitoring the post-approval process, and in (...)
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  9. Darrell Allan Jenks, Ethics in Science Fiction: Butler, Wells, and Stapledon.
    Science fiction is a literary response to the social challenges arising from the Industrial Revolution and the subsequent changes of the contemporary technological age. The science-fiction response involves a mythmaking function, which is at once a search for stability and social cohesion, as well as a critical response to failed efforts to achieve those goals. The approach of this paper accounts for the dual nature of science fiction, as exemplified by the dialectic between utopian and dystopian literature: between authors who (...)
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  10. Frances M. Alexakos, Attitudes of Rhode Island Primary Care Physicians Toward the Use of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer.
    Physicians currently consider genetic testing for breast cancer, especially the BRCA1 and BRCA2 tests, as problematic, because their predictive value, efficacy, and benefit to patients benefit vary greatly. Individual physicians are pressured by mounting patients demanding access to genetic testing. On the one hand, many patients believe that they have the right to know their future medical condition and that their physician is obligated to respond to this right. On the other hand, a number of physicians hesitate to offer genetic (...)
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  11. John T. Fielding, Dangerous Medicine: The Pharmaceutical Industry's Questionable Ethical Practices.
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the problematic impact of technology on American health care. Although the pharmaceutical industry's use of technology has produced beneficial results, at times the industry seems to overlook the unintended consequences involved. This study also examines the pharmaceutical industry's attempts to influence the physician's prescribing decisions as well as the patient's desire to get well as soon as possible. It analyzes the FDA's role in approving drugs, in monitoring the post-approval process, and in (...)
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  12. Darrell Allan Jenks, Ethics in Science Fiction: Butler, Wells, and Stapledon.
    Science fiction is a literary response to the social challenges arising from the Industrial Revolution and the subsequent changes of the contemporary technological age. The science-fiction response involves a mythmaking function, which is at once a search for stability and social cohesion, as well as a critical response to failed efforts to achieve those goals. The approach of this paper accounts for the dual nature of science fiction, as exemplified by the dialectic between utopian and dystopian literature: between authors who (...)
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  13. Patricia Jane Tod, Managing Complexity: An Integration of Ethics, Management, and Technology Viewed Through the Dow Corning Silicone Implant Case.
    This dissertation is a contextual examination of an ethical organizational dilemma complicated by elaborate and interrelated systems or soft technologies. Dow Corning's silicone breast implant case is analyzed by example, to show the usefulness of a more varied, flexible, and multi-faceted approach to ethics and management in the midst of a rapidly expanding technological society. This case represents an ongoing managerial crisis that demonstrates why integrated ethical analysis is not a theoretical or historical practice but one of vital and critical (...)
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  14. Gary Grant Gray, Perceptions of Jacques Ellul's Educational Technique in a Modern Career-Focused M.B.A. Program.
    Technology, while bestowing benefits upon society, has presented new challenges and risks, and the philosopher Jacques Ellul has reflected upon the problem of technology within society in his works The Technological Society and The Technological Bluff, among others. It is his ideas on ethics, technique, and technology that will be discussed here. ^ This dissertation will examine Ellul's concept of technique within graduate career education, and will measure stakeholder perceptions of a career-focused M.B.A. program. Key to this examination is the (...)
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  15. Terry Murphy, An Ethical Assessment of Intercountry *Adoption: Romania to the United States, 1990--2003.
    This dissertation examines the following question: Was the intercountry adoption of Romanian children by Americans during the period of 1990–2003 ethically justified? Stated formally, its thesis is: Utilizing developed ethical theories, specifically deontological ethics, an ethic of care, and utilitarianism, this dissertation assesses qualitatively intercountry adoption from Romania to the United States. ^ The assessment begins by examining the internationally approved documents relating to intercountry adoption. These reports help produce a quasi-global consensus for the three main “value views” of intercountry (...)
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  16. Timothy James Demy, Technology, Progress, and the Human Condition in the Life and Thought of C. S. Lewis.
    This dissertation examines C. S. Lewis's interpretation of technology, progress, and the human condition through an analysis of his life and writings. The thesis of this study is that Lewis understood technology to be an instrument of power that was increasingly used as a tool of manipulation and control in the twentieth century. Lewis's worldview was shaped by experiential, philosophical, literary, and theological sources and each one had a direct influence on his view of technology. ^ Lewis believed that the (...)
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  17. Rand D. LeBouvier, Reflections in a Robot's Eye: A Cultural History and Epistemological Critque of Humanoid Robotics.
    We appear to be at a critical juncture where the impetus to procure autonomous systems to address urgent needs may push us past our reservations about robots and into embracing a rapidly evolving technology with far-reaching implications. The pursuit of humanoid robots is a fact—it is an ongoing, highly attractive field that cannot be ignored solely on the grounds that the ultimate aim might never be achieved. The issue of realization of a humanoid robot is only tangential to what the (...)
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  18. Lois M. Eveleth, Jefferson's Wall and the Question of Religion.
    Defining religion as morality, Thomas Jefferson considered religion essential for the unity of the United States. His casual wall metaphor is not representative of his thinking and, therefore, should not be a basis for constitutional interpretation.
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  19. Anthony L. Klemmer, Moral Coherence in the Modern World: An Interdisciplinary View.
    What is the influence of the increasing complexity and fragmentation of modern society on the moral coherence of the human person as an individual and as a community member? Researchers have tackled the question of modern moral coherence from a variety of disciplinary vantage points, with appropriate intra-disciplinary focus and depth. Rarely have researchers attempted to apply a more comprehensive, interdisciplinary approach to the researchable questions of the present study. This dissertation analyzes the impact of complex modern society on moral (...)
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  20. Lois M. Eveleth, Are There Reasons To Be Moral?
    This question has developed, post Hobbes, in two directions. In one understanding, morality is reasonable, either because it coincides with self-interest or because it contributes to self-interest. An alternative approach rejects the primacy of reason and looks instead to human intuition, human affections or the will for an account of being moral.
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  21. Lois M. Eveleth, Philosophy, Law, and Morality.
    Law and morality now stand as two poles of an American dilemma. We are requiring of law far more than it can deliver, while morality is constitutionally unworkable. However, a third option, viz. philosophical/secular ethics, can provide a viable conceptual-linguistic framework for understanding and achieving the seemingly-elusive unity of national vision.
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  22. Lois M. Eveleth, Collingwood, History,and Evidence.
    Working from a unique background in both archaeology and philosophy, R.G. Collingwood undertook to revise historiography by redefining the concept of evidence. Historians through the modern period, in their willingness to emulate the natural sciences, had absorbed a brand of empiricism which was not only compromising historical thinking but also frustrating the service which history, ideally, should provide for enlightening human experience. What comes of his project is a concept of evidence which may be described as a priori.
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  23. Paula Zeuge, Barbara Herrnstein Smith: Scandalous Knowledge: Science, Truth, and the Human.
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  24. Lois M. Eveleth, Emerson's Transparent Eyeball.
    In his early essay "Nature" Emerson lays the foundation of the Transcendentalist or Romantic movement in America. Key is his "transparent eyeball" passage, where "eye" refers to the human role in Nature, i.e. creatively perceiving or knowing Nature. Man is Nature knowing itself.
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  25. Lois M. Eveleth, Locke and the Problem of Toleration.
    More than ever before, being able to draw a distinction between the tolerable and the intolerable is necessary. Unfortunately the traditional understanding, as identified with the Enlightenment view first articulated by John Locke, presents merely formalistic criteria. Lacking substantive criteria, our contemporary understanding of toleration is inadequate to our needs.
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  26. Lois M. Eveleth, Emerson, Virtue, and Evil: Thoughts for a Rescue Operation.
    Interpretations of Emerson's theme of self-reliance which generate charges that he understood neither evil nor virtue are inappropriate. A fairer reading should keep in mind the Neo-Platonism of Plotinus, which gave to Transcendentalism a dynamic emanation/return schema and to mankind a place of privilege in knowing and valuing Nature.
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  27. Meghan A. Pastor, Legal, Moral and Biological Implications of Poaching and Illegal Animal Trafficking on an International Scale.
    Poaching and animal trafficking is a global issue in the areas of biology, morality and politics. This paper will discuss the different areas of impact as well as consider options for the prevention and alleviation of this issue.
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