OAI Archive: eScholarship@Amherst
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "eScholarship@Amherst"
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- Carrie Nolan & Sarah Marie Stitzlein, Meaningful Hope for Teachers in Times of High Anxiety and Low Morale.Many teachers struggle to maintain or build hope among themselves and their students in today’s climate of high anxiety and low morale. This article describes and responds to those challenging conditions. It offers teachers and scholars of education a philosophically sophisticated and feasible understanding of hope. This notion of hope is grounded in pragmatism and grows out of the pragmatist commitment to meliorism. Hope is described as a way of living tied to specific contexts that brings together reflection and intelligent (...)
- Kathy Hytten, Building and Sustaining Hope. A Response to “Meaningful Hope for Teachers in a Time of High Anxiety and Low Morale”.In this essay, I respond to Carrie Nolan and Sarah M. Stitzlein’s article “Meaningful Hope for Teachers in a Time of High Anxiety and Low Morale” and support their argument for meaningful hope grounded in pragmatist philosophy. I agree that while hope is routinely called for in the educational literature, it is often done so in superficial and vacuous ways. Moreover, hope is often conflated with wishful thinking or naive optimism. A pragmatist vision of hope is different. It is a (...)
- Mark Coeckelbergh (2010). Artificial Companions: Empathy and Vulnerability Mirroring in Human-Robot Relations. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (3).Under what conditions can robots become companions and what are the ethical issues that might arise in human-robot companionship relations? I argue that the possibility and future of robots as companions depends (among other things) on the robot’s capacity to be a recipient of human empathy, and that one necessary condition for this to happen is that the robot mirrors human vulnerabilities. For the purpose of these arguments, I make a distinction between empathy-as-cognition and empathy-as-feeling, connecting the latter to the (...)
- Markus Neuvonen (2010). Sketching Further: A Comment on Tomasini's “What Is Bioethics: Notes Toward a New Approach?”. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (2).The paper discusses Dr. Floris Tomasini's paper “What Is Bioethics: Notes toward a New Approach?”. Based on Tomasini's account of methodological and ethical pluralism, the paper explores the demarcation problem of bioethics and suggests a full methodological laissez-faire.
- Julien Taieb, From Maimonides to Napoleon: The True and the Normative.In this paper I will pursue a reflection on the question of the conflicts of laws between religious and civil law in France. After having introduced and criticized the process of normative decline of Jewish law – the Halakha – I will propose therapies for such a process, both from a normative and non-normative perspective. My inspiration derives from the Talmudic idea of separation between truth and normativity. Indeed, Hillel often prevailed when he and Shammaï would disagree on the meaning (...)
- Rafael Encinas Munagorrdei, Review of Truth, Error and Criminal Law: An Essay in Legal Epistemology . [REVIEW]
- Colin Farrelly (2007). Virtue Ethics and Prenatal Genetic Enhancement. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 1 (1).In this paper I argue that the virtue ethics tradition can enhance the moral discourse on the ethics of prenatal genetic enhancements in distinctive and valuable ways. Virtue ethics prescribes we adopt a much more provisional stance on the issue of the moral permissibility of prenatal genetic enhancements. A stance that places great care on differentiating between the different stakes involved with developing different phenotypes in our children and the different possible means (environmental vs. genetic manipulation) available to parents for (...)
- Jason Borenstein (2009). The Endless "Controversy:" Evolution and Its Critics. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (2).The debate about evolution continues as another category of critics seeks to challenge its merits. These critics put forward intelligent design as a scientific rival to evolution. For those familiar with the relevant history, this occurrence resurrects a cycle of debate about evolution that never seems to end. The purpose of this article is to identify key reasons why debate about evolution remains with us.
- Meenal Shrivastava, Globalizing 'Global Studies': Vehicle for Disciplinary and Regional Bridges?The most contentious and critical questions of contemporary times relate to the nature, scope, impact and conceptualization of globalization. The intensified impact of globalization and the acceptance that it is a contemporary social reality has manifested itself noticeably in a variety of disciplines. However, the inherently multidimensional processes of globalization demand new insights. The resultant rise of a Global Studies approach is expected to be unencumbered by dominant perspectives and existing academic loyalties by placing global theorizing and issues first. In (...)
- Matti Häyry (2008). The Historical Idea of a Better Race. Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 2 (1).This paper explores the historical idea of improving humanity. Developments in genetics and political thought have during the last century contributed to eugenic policies which have sometimes had adverse effects on people's lives. But European philosophy has seen attempts to make better human beings long before the current scientific advances. The paper explores these attempts by an examination of the doctrines of Plato, Aristotle, Condorcet, Herder, and Mill, as well as the technological Romanticism of Mary Shelley, before moving on to (...)
- Eduardo Zambrano, Counterfactual Reasoning and Common Knowledge of Rationality in Normal Form Games.When evaluating the rationality of a player in a game one has to examine counterfactuals such as "what would happen if the player were to do what he does not do?" In this paper I develop a model of a normal form game where counterfactuals of this sort are evaluated as in the philosophical literature (cf. Lewis, 1973; Stalnaker, 1968). According to this method one evaluates a statement like ``what would the player believe if he were to do what he (...)
- Richard Brooks, The Cultivation of Cosmopolitan Detachment in Comparative Law: The Hellenistic Contributions.This article explores the kind of detachment needed to conduct comparative law scholarship and teaching, as well as implement its application to practical problems. The full and fair comparison of the law requires a cosmopolitan view which embodies some degree of detachment from adherence to the laws of one's ``home". The Enlightenment efforts to build a science of comparative law to achieve this detachment failed. Modern inheritors of the Enlightenment approach have similarly failed. In a series of articles, I argue (...)
- Andrew C. Stumer, Book Review: Ho, A Philosophy of Evidence Law: Justice in the Search for Truth. [REVIEW]In A Philosophy of Evidence Law, Ho Hock Lai squarely confronts questions about the justification for the Anglo-American approach to the law of evidence, with all of its technicality and painstaking distinctions. Ho attempts to understand the justification for the rules of evidence from the viewpoint of a fact-finder – one who is morally responsible for the decision made in an individual case. This is a scholarly, well-researched and thought provoking work, providing an excellent introduction to the theoretical underpinnings of (...)