OAI Archive: eScholarship@McGill

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "eScholarship@McGill"

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  1. Charlotte Sachs, Civic Education in the Post-9/11 Security State: Liberal Values, Patriotism, and the Case of Omar Khadr.
    This thesis concerns itself with civic education, specifically, the creation and education of citizens in a liberal democratic society, in the modern context of the"post-9/11 security state". This thesis explores some of the issues that threaten the proper democratic education of young people, using the example of Omar Khadr as a case study and point of reference. This thesis argues that the security state provides a dual pedagogical function, acting in the broad public sphere and also in the classroom, and (...)
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  2. Eva Kushner, A Discussion of Benedetto Croce's Philosophy of History.
    It would be unfaithful to Croce's own principles to attribute to the historical genesis of his philosophy excessive importance. But though one must recognize that it is not a mere product of circumstances, it is necessary to grasp the nature of the background against which it arose. Only then will its polemical character become apparent, and only then will it assume the place due to it in the chain of philosophical progress. We must not attempt to consider his philosophy of (...)
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  3. Amanda Jager, Educating for Autonomy: A Case for the Broader Acceptance of Homeschooling Within Liberal Democratic Societies.
    This thesis challenges the liberal skepticism towards homeschooling as a legitimate form of education provision. Drawing on the work of Shelley Burtt and critiquing that of Meira Levinson, I argue that an exposure to diverse life choices in not a necessary precondition for autonomy and that "comprehensive" educations such as homeschooling can be autonomy-fostering environments. I examine Amy Gutmann's theory of democratic education as a method for safeguarding individual liberty while ensuring conscious social reproduction and from it I argue that (...)
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  4. Barbara June Albu, John Horne Tooke's Philosophy of Language.
    John Horne Tooke's philosophy of language is worth examining because, although his work has been influential, and although there is much of intrinsic interest in what he wrote - particularly for many of the questions discussed by philosophers recently - still, he has seldom been mentioned in English philosophical circles during this century. [...].
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  5. Gilbert Louis Shoham, The Development of Hegel's Philosophy of Religion in His Early Writings.
    The program of this thesis is to trace the development of Hegel's thought in the writings of his youth as they evolved to and influenced the thinking of his maturity. These writings are of particular interest for they are characterized by a flexibility, a vitality, an historical, existential insight and concern which is relatively lacking in his later works. Furthermore, we can see in them the germs of his later thought. [...].
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  6. Lucy A. Cumyn, Pedagogical Reflection in Statistics Instruction.
    Today, education is arguably one of the most important facets used to prepare and train students for the future. Society expects that students will acquire the requisite knowledge and competence in their respective fields to prepare them to successfully navigate the demands of today's competitive markets. This expectation has consequences on teachers at all levels of education across many domains. Teachers have a significant role: to prepare students for the future. Competent teachers spend a great deal of time reflecting on (...)
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  7. Désirée. U. Park, George Berkeley's Theory of Notions.
    More than two hundred and fifty years have elapsed since George Berkeley first published his Principles of Human Knowledge and thereby divided the intelligible world into “notions” and “ideas". In the ensuing period, the more articulate world has shown a marked preference for treating only his theory of “ideas” .The result has been misleading. It is therefore the purpose of this essay to present Berkeley' s theory of “notions”, in so far as it can be gleaned from the pages of (...)
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  8. Patrick F. Schindler, The Formalization of Implication in Propositional Logic.
    This thesis presents the results or an attempt to isolate and give an axiomatic basis for the pure-implication fragment or each or several logical systems. C. I. Lewis points out that exact logic may be taken as a canon or deductive inference, and that the chief business of a canon or deduction is to delineate correctly the properties of the relation of 'implication’. It seems clear, then, that criticism or any logical calculus must include consideration of just what properties are (...)
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  9. Julian S. Melzack, Motives and Explanation of Human Behaviour.
    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the concept of motive and to make clear just how this concept relates to explaining human behaviour. First however, it will be advisable to make a few preliminary remarks. It will be admitted right from the start that there is something quite unusual about the form of words "Abe’s motive for killing Sam was that he wanted Sam's money". In fact we seldom use the word “motive" in everyday discourse. It is more (...)
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  10. Lung-ock Chung, Investigation Into Certain Implication-Negation Fragments of Propositional Logic.
    In this paper, we study the completeness property of some implication-negation fragments of propositional logics. By the phrase implication-negation fragment of a propositional logic, we understand the system consisting of all the theses which have implication and/or negation as their sole connectives in the said logic. This means, that we have to find a means to isolate, so to speak, all these theses and then axiomatize the resultant system. Our method of proof is by constructing a Gentzen type Sequenzen Kalkul (...)
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  11. Christopher Mount, Inuit Cultural Maintenance in Contemporary Nunavik.
    The objective of this study was to determine how education can bestbe used to assist with Inuit cultural maintenance in contemporary Nunavik.This research examined that which defines Nunavik Inuit culture and canprovide a framework from which an education program could be structuredwith the intent of the preservation of Inuit culture, values and traditions. Inthe wake of contemporary society, any cultural maintenance efforts mustbe actuated through a concerted effort on the part of all parties involved,including Inuit youth, parents, Elders and the (...)
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  12. Ludwig P. Wagner, Kant's Philosophy of Politics and its Historical Relations.
    The Purpose of this thesis is to present a comprehensive survey of Kant’s political theories, and to compare them with earlier thinkers to which they are related. The choice of this topic is due in the main to two considerations. First, the writer has observed with concern the social and political ills of our Western Civilization - the disintegrating family life, the individual's disillusion with democracy, his selfish, cynical disregard towards his fellow man, his attitude towards the state of getting (...)
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  13. Feliksas Jucevicius, Russell's Philosophy of Matter.
    Philosophy of matter is that department of philosophical knowledge which relates to the philosophy of physics. While the philosophy of physics is concerned with the objects and events of the physical world as a whole, the philosophy of matter deals only with that “physical substance” of which the physical world is supposed to be made. However, the borders between the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of matter are logical distinctions rather than real, and the philosophy of matter has a (...)
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  14. Katherine Kline, Original Alterity.
    In this thesis I examine the notion of ethical subjectivity as characterized by an original relationship to alterity. Drawing upon Derrida, Levinas and psychoanalytic theory, I give a picture of a subject who is fundamentally responsive and inexorably bound to others, and I discuss the ethical and political implications of this condition. I extend the discussion of 'others' to include technology, suggesting that our ethical responsibility to alterity has been radicalized through deconstruction.
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  15. Coel Thomas Kirby, Exorcising Matovu's Ghost : Legal Positivism, Pluralism and Ideology in Uganda's Appellate Courts.
    In 1966, the High Court of Uganda legitimised the new nation's first coup d'etat. After two decades of civil war, Ugandans enacted their first popular constitution in 1995. However, the judiciary's dominant positivist ideology, Matovu's ghost, still haunts the new legal order. The author sets out this ideology's presumptions and then critiques them against an alternative, pluralist map of laws in Uganda.
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  16. Brian Redekopp, Limits of Thought and Husserl's Phenomenology.
    In this thesis I develop an account of the nature of limits of thought in terms of Husserl's phenomenology. I do this by exploring in terms of Husserl's phenomenology various ways thought-limits are encountered. Chapter One employs Husserl's analyses of meaning and intentionality to clarify the limits of conception and of questioning that emerge in wonder at the existence of the world. Chapter Two undertakes a critique of Husserl's refutation of psychologism in logic in order to clarify limits encountered in (...)
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  17. Ryan Bevan, Liberal Educational Responses to Religious Diversity: Defending the Need for a Supplemental Dimension of Citizenship Education in Liberal Democratic Societies.
    This dissertation explores the relationship between liberal/secular and religious educations. I begin by tracing what I believe to be the source of tension between liberal/secular and religious educations to two highly influential liberal theories that have affected civic education in particular. I begin with an analysis of John Dewey's naturalistic approach to metaphysics and religion, arguing that Dewey's attitude to religious traditions, when used as a basis for civic education, is insufficient. Specifically, I argue that in Dewey's conception, religious doctrines, (...)
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  18. Didin Syafruddin, In Search of a Citizenship Education Model for a Democratic Multireligious Indonesia: Case Studies of Two Public Senior High Schools in Jakarta.
    Concerned with interreligious conflict in Indonesia, this study seeks to describe and evaluate the current citizenship education that has been designed and implemented for a democratic multireligious Indonesia. The context for the study, outlined in Chapters 1 and 2, is contemporary Indonesian society. Three features of this society are highlighted as especially significant. First, it is characterized by a wide diversity of religious groups. Second, it is governed by the state which acknowledges religious diversity with an official (constitutionally guaranteed) stance (...)
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  19. Jean Fillatre, What Could I Learn From My Interactions as a Consultant to Principals That Would Help Me to Improve My Practice as a Principal?
    This dissertation describes my work as an educational consultant working with four school principals during a two and a half year period. My original intention was to develop a protocol to help principals in their work. As the study progressed, and I learned from them I began to look more deeply into my own actions and examined my own actions as an educator. I based my research on action research and living educational theory and I drew upon school improvement and (...)
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  20. Clarissa Allen, Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: Theoretical Arguments and Empirical Evidence.
    DNA patents have been being granted since the 1970s. Patents are meant to act as incentives, encouraging innovation and dissemination in biotechnology by granting inventors exclusive economic control of their inventions for a set period of time. Governments in North America and Europe have therefore been using patents as a public policy tool to encourage the invention of health-related biotechnologies since the 1980s and 1990s, respectively. However despite this laudable policy goal, there have also in recent decades been a number (...)
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  21. Randal R. Marlin, A Comparison of Cassirer's Theory of Language and Meaning with Logical Empiricism and Linguistic Analysis.
    Throughout the history of the philosophy of language, roughly two traditions can be discerned. There are, on the one hand, those who look upon language as something static, something established once and for all by convention. On the other band are those who view language as something of an organic, or functional nature. To the latter category belong those philosophers who believe that the true meaning of a word or sentence is never, and can never be, instantly apparent from the (...)
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  22. Roger B. Angel, Henri Poincare's Theory of Conventionalism.
    Jules-Henri Poincare (1854-1912) is universally acknowledged to have been one of the greatest scientific minds of the nineteenth century. The development of his genius from childhood precociousness was unusually smooth. By the end of his life he had been accorded virtually every international honour in the field of science.
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  23. Edward B. Solomon, Karl R. Popper and the Problem of Historical Prediction.
    Karl R. Popper, Professor of Logic and Scientific Method in the University of London, is primarily a physicist and a philosopher of science. In this capacity, he is interested in: the criterion demarcating science from pseudo-science, the method of science, and especially the method of social sciences. He thinks the method employed there is the cause of the trouble, since it is based on a misunderstanding of the method used in the physical sciences.
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  24. Anthony Keith, The Notion of Truth in the Epistemology of C.I. Lewis.
    The function of this thesis is to establish that a certain type of basic epistemological position, concentrating attention on the notion of truth involved, implies certain definite limitations on the further development of this type of position. The plan followed is to outline the argument in general terms in Chapter One, then, to bring home the point in a specific context, I describe (Chapters Two and Three) the relevant position taken by C. I. Lewis, in the first two books of (...)
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  25. Keith C. Brown, Hobbes on God and Obligation.
    An explanation of the system of textual references employed in this paper may perhaps be of convenience to the reader. As a rule, references to other works have here been incorporated in the main body of the text, with the aid of abbreviations usually derived from the initial letters of the main words in their titles. Thus "HLL, p. 21." refers to page twenty-one of Thomas Hobbes: Leben and Lehre, by F. Tonnies. (A table of such abbreviations will be found (...)
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  26. Michael J. R. L. Kinsman, Space and Perception: A Critical Study of Berkeley's "New Theory of Vision".
    The topic of thesis was not selected at random. In the last two years or so I have become increasingly interested in that broad complex of problems traditionally grouped together under the name of the 'Mind - Body' problem, and have become increasingly convinced that the solution of this problem is one of the most exciting, and certainly one of the most difficult, problems confronting modern science.
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  27. Hans Kaal, C.I. Lewis' Theory of Meaning.
    Lewis' theory of meaning is barely touched by the contemporary trend to substitute a patient examination of the use of words for theorizing in the traditional manner. By way of contrast, some of his epistemological and ethical writings look as if Lewis had fulfilled the promise of linguistic analysis before it was made by Wittgenstein. Lewis' discussion of the good looks like an anticipation of the linguistic method. The question "what is good?" is answered as if it read "how is (...)
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  28. Jack Pitt, A Study in the Political and Historical Essays of Immanuel Kant.
    Impressed by the accomplishments of mathematics and physics during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Kant was prompted to ask whether metaphysics might not profit from a consideration of at least the methods adopted by these enquiries. In the preface to the second edition of the Critique of Pure Reason he cites the experiment of Copernicus' in which, by reversing the habitually conceived relation between the earth and the other planets, this scientist was able to render a more exact explanation of (...)
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  29. André. M. Gombay, The Concept of Truth in the Philosophy of Descartes.
    That an interest in philosophy is displayed in any work interpreting the thought of a philosopher, cannot be denied. To pay attention to the words of the thinkers of the past, to reflect upon the meaning of their utterances, is this not the mark of a genuine desire to understand what is essential in philosophy, in short, to think? However, the suspicion arises that an interest in philosophy does not yet guarantee that we grasp its authentic meaning; for interest nowadays (...)
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  30. Margit van Leight Frank, The Principle of Individualism in Kierkegaard's Philosophy.
    Following Kierkegaard's hint respecting the importance of his earlier life, Chapter l of this thesis surveys his childhood and youth with a view to the assessment of its significance for certain important elements in his philosophy and, more specifically, for his understanding of the process of self-realization. The purpose of the historical sketch in Chapter II is to exhibit the continuity of the concern for self-realization or individuation in recorded philosophical and religious reflection.
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  31. Herbert Lewis (1954). Life and History in the Philosophy of Ortega y Gasset. Dissertation, McGill University
    Jose Ortega y Gasset stands foremost in contemporary Spanish philosophy, both as regards his stature as a philosopher and as an influence upon his generation in Spain and in Spanish-speaking countries. Born in Madrid on May 9, 1883, son of Ortega y Munillo, the famous Spanish journalist, he received his first studies at the Collage of Jesuits in Miraflores and at the Central University in Madrid. A remarkably able and precocious student, in 1904 he presented his doctoral dissertation, El Milenario (...)
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  32. James T. Laird, The Concept of Purpose in Kant's Philosophy.
    The Concept of Purpose in Kant's Philosophy is an attempt to feature a phase of Kant's philosophical thought that has received relatively scant attention. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason and Critique of Practical Reason have focused attention to his epistemology and ethics while unfortunately obscuring other interesting and informative aspects of his philosophical thought.
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  33. S. Moser, Ernst Mach and the Vienna Circle.
    Any philosophical position can be approached in two different ways which may be termed the historical approach and the analytical approach. While dealing with a certain philosophical doctrine, we may put the main emphasis on tracing its sources and comparing the doctrine with others known in the history of philosophy. On the other hand, it is possible to direct our attention mainly towards a critical analysis of the notions and propositions on which this philosophy is based, and to examine them (...)
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  34. Redmond G. Fitzmaurice, Al-Kindī on Psychology.
    This thesis is an examination of the extant psychological treatises of Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-Kindi, the ninth century A.D. Arab scholar who was among the first of his race to interest himself in strictly philosophical questions. Al-Kindi's writings were among the first fruits of the translation of Greek philosophical and scientific works into Arabic. It is under that aspect that this thesis approaches his views on soul and intellect - as an instance of the passage of Greek philosophical (...)
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  35. Anna Carastathis, Feminism and the Political Economy of Representation : Intersectionality, Invisibility and Embodiment.
    It has become commonplace within feminist theory to claim that women's lives are constructed by multiple, intersecting systems of oppression. In this thesis, l challenge the consensus that oppression is aptly captured by the theoretical model of "intersectionality." While intersectionality originates in Black feminist thought as a purposive intervention into US antidiscrimination law, it has been detached from that context and harnessed to different representational aims. For instance, it is often asserted that intersectionality enables a representational politics that overcomes legacies (...)
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  36. Xu Zhao, The Self in a Globalizing World : A Study of Globalization and its Impact on Identity.
    Anthony Giddens' ideas on modernity and globalization show that globalization is modernity at the global level. The three characteristics of modernity: time-space separation, disembedding of social systems, and reflexivity have all been intensified in the last twenty years. Globalization is, on one hand, pulling different cultures together to form a global world; on the other hand, diversifying and fragmenting the social contexts of human activities. The modern individual struggles to adapt to the different social milieux he is involved in and (...)
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  37. Shawn Zelig Aster, Between Exegesis and Narrative : The Use of Miyyaḏ in Genesis Rabba.
    This thesis analyzes the text of Genesis Rabba, one of the largest and most important of the rabbinic midrashim. It pays particular attention to its use of the term miyyad ("immediately"). Two specific patterns of usage are identified. Through these patterns, the thesis demonstrates how Genesis Rabba's midrash is simultaneously a work of narrative and of exegesis, and comments on some aspects of these two functions. It also traces the lexical evolution of the word miyyad in Hebrew.
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  38. Julian Forster Woods, Destiny and Human Initiative in the Mahābhārata.
    This dissertation explores ideas about human agency and conduct as these are expressed in the Indian epic known as the Mahabharata (the "Great Bharata"). Two concepts in particular retain our attention: daiva, the power that comes from the gods, and purusakara, the power that comes from human beings (purusas). One current of thought holds that human life and the course of history are governed exclusively by external agencies ("the gods" or chance). On the other hand, the epic also carries the (...)
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  39. James Paul Jervis, Al-Khāḍir : Origins and Interpretations : A Phenomenological Study.
    This thesis attempts to answer the following questions, each of which corresponds, sequentially, to chapter in this thesis: (1) What is the internal composition and the historical contextualization of the 18th chapter of the Qur'an, the Surat al-Kahf? (2) Who is al-Khadir, a figure in the Surat al-Kahf, verses 66-82? How has he been described in Muslim commentary and how has he been analyzed in nineteenth and twentieth century scholarship; and with whom has he been associated and/or identified in such (...)
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  40. John Michael Auden McVey, Bhrāntivāda : Reading the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra in Lieu of Metaphysics.
    The thesis, entitled "Bhrantivada: Reading the Lankavatara Sutra in Lieu of Metaphysics," examines the use of metaphors of place in the Sanskrit text of the Lankavatara Sutra. The incorporation of the fundamental doctrines of the text within a system of ascending "stages" (bhumis) is given particular attention, as this scheme presents the practical goals of the text by means of expressions of entry and abiding within "realms" (vihara, gocara, ayatana, alaya, ksetra, and visaya).
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  41. Clarence Shole Johnson, Hume's Theory of Moral Responsibility in the Treatise.
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  42. Lori Seller, Why the Little Mermaid Stopped Singing: How Oppressive Social Forces Silence Children's Voices, and Rob Them of the Opportunity to Develop and Exercise Autonomy in the Health Care Context.
    The “new sociology of childhood” replaces the historical notion of children as inherently vulnerable, helpless and in need of protection, with a perception of children as capable of competent, autonomous, social participation. Although this new sociological perception underlies current children's rights literature, Canadian common law, and important Canadian pediatric health care guidelines, children's autonomy in health care contexts remains easily denied or subverted in favour of adult conceptions of their best interests. In order to try to understand why, I use (...)
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  43. Mehmet Karabela (2011). The Development of Dialectic and Argumentation Theory in Post-Classical Islamic Intellectual History. Dissertation, McGill University
    This dissertation is an analysis of the development of dialectic and argumentation theory in post-classical Islamic intellectual history. The central concerns of the thesis are; treatises on the theoretical understanding of the concept of dialectic and argumentation theory, and how, in practice, the concept of dialectic, as expressed in the Greek classical tradition, was received and used by five communities in the Islamic intellectual camp. It shows how dialectic as an argumentative discourse diffused into five communities (theologicians, poets, grammarians, philosophers (...)
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  44. Hayden Bernstein, Organ-Trafficking and the State of Israel: Jewish and Ethical Guidelines for a Regulated Market in Human Organs.
    ABSTRACT Because of low donation rates in their own country, many Israeli citizens have recently turned to purchasing organs from abroad, risking their lives in highly unsanitary hospital conditions. The trafficking of organs also poses an ethical dilemma for those who sell their organs. Often, these vendors are under-compensated for their body parts, while follow-up medical treatment is minimal. The Jewish faith has always placed the sanctity of human life at its core, and it appears that Judaism allows for the (...)
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  45. Andrew John Gibson, What We Have yet Failed to Achieve: A Study of Charles Taylor's Canadian Social Criticism.
    This dissertation examines what the author calls the Canadian social criticism component of the work of philosopher Charles Taylor. An internationally renowned scholar, Taylor's work has been much commented on. Yet there is an imbalance of attention in the reception of his work between the ample commentary pertaining to his more abstract philosophical thought, on the one hand, and the paucity of commentary concerning those aspects of his writing that carry more immediate practical relevance, i.e. his work in social criticism. (...)
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  46. Gina Marie Bonelli, Farabi's Virtuous City and the Plotinian World Soul: A New Reading of Farabi's «Mabadi' Ara' Ahl Al-Madina Al-Fadila».
    Happiness (sa'a>dah) materializes as the ultimate goal of man in Abu> Nas}r Muh{ammad b. Muh{ammad b. T{arkha>n al- Fa>ra>bi>'s Maba>di' A' Ahl Al-Madi>na Al-Fa>d}ila (Principles of the Views of the Citizens of the Best State). But happiness, i.e., happiness in this life and happiness in the afterlife, is only attainable by the virtuous citizen. The prevailing academic vision of Fa>ra>bi>'s Virtuous City essentially can be placed into two categories: either it is an ideal as found in Plato's Republic or it (...)
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  47. Kathryn MacKay (2009). An Examination of Exploitation in International Gestational Surrogacy Contracts. Dissertation, McGill University
    This thesis aims to determine whether international gestational surrogacy contracts are exploitative, and whether they should be prohibited. I chose a group of women working as surrogates at Kaival Maternity Home and Surgical Hospital, in Anand, Gujarat, India as a study group. After examining their life circumstances, I argue that these women live in unjust circumstances caused by institutional sexism and poverty. I critically assess arguments launched against surrogacy, organ trade, and prostitution and find that none of these are sufficient (...)
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  48. Sara Magrin, Plotinus' Epistemology and His Reading of the «Theaetetus».
    The thesis offers a reconstruction of Plotinus' reading of the Theaetetus, and it presents an account of his epistemology that rests on that reading. It aims to show that Plotinus reads the Theaetetus as containing two anti-sceptical arguments. The first argument is an answer to radical scepticism, namely, to the thesis that nothing is apprehensible and judgement must be suspended on all matters. The second argument is an answer to a more moderate form of scepticism, which does not endorse a (...)
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  49. Sobhi Mina Botros, Abū Al-ʻAbbās Al-Mursī : A Study of Some Aspects of His Mystical Thought.
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  50. Katherine Wayne, Re-Thinking the Research Imperative: A Critique of Ideology and a Feminist Analysis.
    Medical research is frequently regarded as not only a laudable, but even an obligatory enterprise. As critics point out, however, the moral foundation for such an obligation is far from clear. Foremost among these critics is bioethicist Daniel Callahan, whose work on this topic remains under-examined. His arguments concerning what he refers to as the research imperative demand careful analysis in order to provoke a rigorous interdisciplinary debate. Central to this project is an understanding of the research imperative's ideological dimensions. (...)
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  51. Florentien Verhage, The Rhythm of Embodied Encounters: Intersubjectivity in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology.
    This thesis takes its starting point from Maurice Merleau-Ponty's insight that in order to make sense of the experience of others, one needs to describe how differences are perceived from the perspective of the subject's own body. This study of intersubjective interactions is approached from what I call a 'broad phenomenological' point of view. 'Broad phenomenology' encompasses (i) a more traditional and ontological notion of phenomenology (as read through Merleau-Ponty's writings), (ii) a rereading of this phenomenology through a feminist lens (...)
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  52. Damien Triffon Janos, Intellect, Substance, and Motion in Al-Farabi's Cosmology.
    This dissertation offers a new and comprehensive analysis of Abū Naṣr al-Fārābī's (d. 950) cosmology by focusing on various important issues that have been largely neglected by the modern scholarship. It provides an examination of the physical, metaphysical, and astronomical aspects of al-Fārābī's cosmology by adopting a multidisciplinary approach that takes into account the history of philosophy and the history of astronomy. Accordingly, my dissertation explores how al-Fārābī attempted to reconcile features of Ptolemaic astronomy with Aristotelian and Neoplatonic theories, an (...)
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  53. Matthew Robert Hunt, Ethics of Health Care Practice in Humanitarian Crises.
    Humanitarian emergencies and natural disasters can overwhelm the capacity of local and national agencies to respond to the needs of affected populations. In such cases, international relief organizations are frequently involved in the provision of emergency assistance. Health care professionals play a key role in these interventions. This practice environment is significantly different from the context of health care delivery in the home countries of expatriate health care professionals. Clinicians who travel from a developed nation to a resource-poor setting where (...)
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  54. David McLauchlan, Exploitation and Biomedical Research in the Developing World.
    The exploitation of participants is a significant problem in biomedical research, especially in the developing world. However, there is a gap between this problem and the theoretical literature on exploitation. This thesis will attempt to bridge it, considering Wertheimer and Sample’s theories. Whereas Wertheimer holds that exploitation is merely an unjust distribution of the “social surplus” arising from a transaction, Sample, whose approach this thesis endorses, construes exploitation as a lack of respect for a person’s true value. This thesis will (...)
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  55. Jennifer Bell, Psychosocial Care and Patient Autonomy: A Feminist Argument in Support of a "Meaning-Making" Intervention.
    Recent studies in psychosocial oncology that seek to address the social, psychological, emotional, spiritual, quality of life, and functional impacts of cancer, report positive findings for meaning-making interventions designed to help cancer patients cope with their illness experience. These interventions are successful in decreasing depression among cancer patients and increasing life satisfaction, self-esteem, coping, physical functioning, and optimism. Yet, despite these positive findings meaning-making interventions and, more generally psychosocial care, are not well integrated into hospital or healthcare organization routine cancer (...)
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  56. Ariella Binik, Minimal Risk Revisited: The Ethics of Clinical Research with Children.
    One of the central problems concerning research with children is the delineation of appropriate levels of risk exposure. In the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, the "minimal risk" concept serves as an anchoring measure for allowable risk. While the regulations sought to promote a balance between scientific advances and the protection of children's vulnerable status, ambiguities in the language of the regulations and the regulatory definition of "minimal risk" have given rise to a great deal of confusion. Research ethics boards (...)
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  57. James Pierre Chetelat, Hegel's Concept of Religion.
    In this dissertation I explore how Hegel conceives of the practice of religion. Religion for Hegel cannot be the relationship between humans and a transcendent being, since, as I argue, Hegel's God is not a being of the transcendent sort, but reason as Idea and spirit. Nor does Hegel primarily understand religion as feeling or immediate experience of the divine. According to Hegel, religion involves knowledge of the truth in the form of representation, and I discuss the truths that in (...)
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  58. Pierre Charette, Nature, Reasons, and Moral Meaningfulness.
    The "anthropology of moral life", or "moral anthropology", is an approach to moral philosophy which I take to have been initiated by Peter Strawson, and developed, independently and in different ways, by David Wiggins and Daniel Dennett. I take the respective moral anthropologies of Wiggins and Dennett to be complementary, and I propose to synthesize them within a Dennettian framework. The framework involves the definition of a "rationally acceptable language". Descriptions and accounts stated in that language are ontologically interpreted in (...)
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  59. Matthew Surch, Prosthetic Tim/Ing: Selfhood and Ethics Amidst Technological Rationality.
    This masters thesis examines the interplay between ethics and selfhood amidst contemporary technological rationality. I use personal everyday photography as a foil in my analysis of the ways in which temporality is both constitutive of consciousness and the subject of practices of domestication via technics. In chapter one, I define personal everyday photography, address the two interconnected registers of selfhood (embodied and psychic), and advance an argument for mindfulness. In chapter two, I assess the ethical aspects of memory, temporality and (...)
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  60. William B. Hutchinson, Technology, Community, and the Self.
    But suppose now that technology were no means, how would it stand with the will to master it? Martin Heidegger.
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  61. Rafael Ziegler, Visions Need Accounts : Essays on Political Perception and Action in a Statistical Age.
    Central planners and citizens, conservatives and reformers, 19th-century liberal statisticians and today's advocates of sustainable development all draw on statistics for the elaboration and communication of political visions. Yet, this striking phenomenon has so far largely escaped the attention of political philosophers in the English-speaking world. As politics has come to be informed and shaped by statistics, there is a need to scrutinize omnipresent statistical accounts for their political vision. Taking as its political vision the idea of society as a (...)
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  62. Richard R. Walker, Rethinking the 'Religion of Technology' Thesis.
    The following study is an attempt to ascertain the most adequate way to understand the relationship in modernity between religion and technology. This relationship is first analyzed by looking at a common way in which technology has been categorized and discussed as representing the religion of modernity. The first chapter critically evaluates several popular and scholarly works which contain arguments for understanding that the modern world participates in some kind of 'religion of technology.' The inadequacies of these arguments are shown (...)
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  63. Michael Darroch, Theatre and the Materialities of Communication.
    This dissertation is situated within the field of media studies, with a particular focus on the "materialities of communication." The concept of "materialities" is oriented to the underlying conditions that allow communication to take place: the places, carriers and modes of communication that serve to shape and even alter meaning. My dissertation asks how this "material turn" can usefully be applied to and help develop the study of theatre.
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  64. David Guimond, (Re)Sounding : Disintegrating Visual Space in Music.
    While the groundbreaking insights that contemporary theorists have formulated with regards to space---as a multiplicity without essence, as an active event, and as inseparable from subjectivity, power, Otherness and time---have ostensibly purged it of its traditional understanding as absolute, a specific visuality characteristic of Cartesian perspectivalism remains privileged in its theorization which force it to remain so. While the complexity of space cannot be recovered from an abstract contemplation of its visual geometry in a way that reflects these contemporary concerns, (...)
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  65. Emre Kayaalp, Political Economy and Ethic of Care : Toward a Unified Theory of Utilization of Assisted Reproductive Technologies.
    Any ethical argument involving the problems of access to assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) should entail the discussion of the decision protocol and consider the individual deliberating on the appropriateness of these remedies from the point of view of self and community. Yet, arguments based on patients' own moral calculations are rare in the bioethics literature. The moral voice behind most discourses concerning ARTs is that of an outwardly independent spectator, who nonetheless proceeds to justify a personally significant worldview in the (...)
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  66. Alan Clinton Bale, The Universal Scale and the Semantics of Comparison.
    Comparative constructions allow individuals to be compared according to different properties. Such comparisons form two classes, those that permit direct, comparisons (comparisons of measurements as in Seymour is taller than he is wide) and those that only allow indirect comparisons (comparisons of relative positions on separate scales as in Esme is more beautiful than Einstein is intelligent). Traditionally, these two types of comparisons have been associated with an ambiguity in the interpretations of the comparative and equative morphemes (see, Bartsch & (...)
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  67. Karen Crawley, Limited Ink : Interpreting and Misinterpreting GÜdel's Incompleteness Theorem in Legal Theory.
    This thesis explores the significance of Godel's Theorem for an understanding of law as rules, and of legal adjudication as rule-following. It argues that Godel's Theorem, read through Wittgenstein's understanding of rules and language as a contextual activity, and through Derrida's account of 'undecidability,' offers an alternative account of the relationship of judging to justice. Instead of providing support for the 'indeterminacy' claim, Godel's Theorem illuminates the predicament of undecidability that structures any interpretation and every legal decision, and which constitutes (...)
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  68. Marc J. Neveu, Architectural Lessons of Carlo Lodoli (1690-1761) : Indole of Material and of Self.
    Original contribution. A discussion of Carlo Lodoli's bi-fold understanding of indole (inherent nature); with respect to both meaning in architecture and the education of architects.
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  69. Catherine Beauchamp, Understanding Reflection in Teaching : A Framework for Analyzing the Literature.
    In the literature on reflection in teaching, authors frequently lament the lack of clarity in understandings of this concept, despite its wide acceptance as a phenomenon beneficial to teaching and learning. This dissertation reports a study of this literature that attempts to clarify the meaning of reflection and to establish a methodology for examining such a complex concept. Three analyses, each intended to explore the literature on reflection from a different perspective, comprise the study. The first is an analysis of (...)
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  70. D. Clifton Mark, The General and the Particular : Politics, Sex , and Morality in Rousseau.
    Rousseau's work often seems contradictory, but the author himself insists that his works comprise a consistent system based on the principle that man is naturally good. In order that individuals might live up to this natural goodness in society, Rousseau advocates a division of labour between general and particular aspects of reason. This division is exemplified in the different roles that Rousseau assigns to the sovereign and the government in the political sphere, and men and women in the domestic sphere. (...)
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  71. Samia Costandi, Between Middle East & West : Exploring the Experience of a Palestian-Canadian Teacher Through Narrative Inquiry.
    This dissertation explores the life and work of a philosophy of education and multicultural education teacher, through the use of narrative inquiry. As a Palestinian/Lebanese Canadian researcher, teacher, mother, activist and writer, I present the journey of freeing myself from colonial grand narratives through the construction of my personal, practical knowledge and values, while providing an answer to the question: “What does it mean to be situated on the boundary between the English West and the Middle Eastern Arab world?” I (...)
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  72. Laurent William Bartleman, Intangible Security : Choice of Law Rules for Intangible Secured Financing Under the Uniform Commercial Code.
    Recent revisions to Articles 9 and 1 of the Uniform Commercial Code (the "UCC") have proposed new intangible secured financing choice of law rules. These choices of law rules contain rules that represent all three major schools of thought in the field of conflicts of laws: multilateralism, substantivism and unilateralism. This thesis examines the new rules by analysing them in the context of the strengths and weakness of these schools of thought and in light of the requirements of a secured (...)
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  73. Matthew Hunt, Ethics Beyond Borders : How Canadian Health Professionals Experience Ethics in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.
    Canadian health professionals are involved in humanitarian assistance and development work in many regions of the world. They participate in primary health care, immunization campaigns, feeding programs, rehabilitation and hospital-based care. In the course of their work clinicians are frequently exposed to complex ethical issues. This thesis examines how health workers experience ethics in the course of humanitarian assistance and development work. A qualitative study was conducted to consider this question. Five core themes emerged from the data including experiencing a (...)
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  74. Adam Bobbette, Earthship Space.
    Earthships are buildings which are constructed almost entirely of recycled materials and are built to be almost totally self sufficient through the recycling of rain water, the recycling of solar energy into electrical energy, passive solar techniques and sometimes the recycling of wind through turbines, also into electrical energy. This thesis draws out and demonstrates the logic that Earthship architecture emerges from and generates amongst its inhabitants. This logic, it is argued, can be characterized as containing elements of the baroque (...)
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  75. Shawna Gutfreund, Doing Justice Justice : Distinguishing Social Justice From Distributive Justice and the Implications for Bioethics.
    Justice is a key guiding ethical principle in bioethics. When justice is addressed in bioethics the focus is primarily on the fair distribution of resources, that is, distributive justice. In this thesis, I argue that a distributive conception of justice is unable to adequately address many of the relevant issues of justice within bioethics. These issues are better understood and addressed using a social conception of justice. Social justice is concerned with ensuring that the norms and rules of social structures (...)
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  76. Bilal Ibrahim, The Evolution of the Rule of Law : The Origins and Function of Legal Theory.
    The thesis examines the origins and function of legal theory ( usul al-fiqh) within the context of the development of early Islamic law. I argue against the depiction of the development of law as a series of compromises between traditionalism and rationalism. Rather, by evading the demands of traditionalism, law evolved into a complex doctrinal entity rooted in the social structures of third-century Abbasid society. This revision of the development of law provides a context to evaluate early works of legal (...)
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  77. Karolina Anastazja Anestopoulos, Sound Travels : Mapping Trajectories of Musical Recordings Towards and Within Sites of Meaning-Making.
    This thesis explores how musical recordings circulate within various sites of metacultural analysis, such as print music publications, music blogs, community-based campus radio music programmes and music podcasts. Drawing on theories about cultural production, the circulation of cultural objects, and metaculture (circulation of ideas about cultural objects, rather than the objects themselves), the author traces how an independent record label discursively positions musical recordings for movement towards and within these meaning-making spheres. Print music publications and music blogs facilitate recognition and (...)
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  78. Ranganathan Balasubramanian, The Tirukkaḷiṟṟuppaṭiyār : Transition From Bhakti to Caiva Cittāntam Philosophy.
    This thesis is a Tamil to English translation of Tirukkaḷirruppaṭiyar (TKP), composed by Uyyavanta Tevanayanar toward the end of the twelfth century C.E. The work contains one hundred quatrains of Tamil poetry composed in veṇpa meter. It is a poetic expansion of Tiruvuntiyar (TU), an earlier composition likely by the author's teacher's teacher. The TKP is a transitional text between the devotional religious bhakti(patti -Tamil) hymns of the nayanmar, who lived between the sixth century and the twelfth, and the Saiva-Siddhanta (...)
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  79. Babatunde O. Ogunfowora, A Study on the Relationship Between Psychotherapists' Personality Profiles and Their Theoretical Orientation Preferences.
    This study explored the relationship between psychotherapists' personality and choice of theoretical orientation. A total of 493 participants (274 practitioners and 219 students) completed a web-based survey. Personality was assessed using the HEXACO Personality Inventory (HEXACO-PI; Lee & Ashton, 2004) while theoretical orientation preference was assessed using a modified version of the Theoretical Orientation Profile Scale-Revised (TOPS-R; Worthington & Dillon, 2003). In the practitioner sample, the Humanistic/Existential scale was found to be significantly correlated with the Openness Unconventionality scale (r = (...)
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  80. Johanne Pelletier, A Matter of Time : Digital Patina and Timeboundedness in New Media.
    The term patina refers to a particular quality of decay in material objects, where the decay is both a physical and symbolic property of the object. As a physical property patina is an expression of the passage of time, a visual marker of the object's timeboundedness reflected in signs of ageing and/or use. This thesis considers the implications of a digital patina, including its relevance for an analysis of the relationship between things and time or timeboundedness.
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  81. Nasim Noroozi, Evolving Philosophies of Modern Education in Iran: Examining the Role of Wonder.
    This thesis examines the impact of a new wonder that emerged through Iranians' travelling and observing educational progressions of advanced countries during the eighteenth to the twentieth centuries. In order to analyze the wonder that affected Iran's modern philosophy of education, the study first discusses the predominant themes within Iran's educational philosophy from pre-Islamic times to Qajar's traditional elementary schools. The second part of the study focuses on examining the element of wonder in philosophy and its evolving form in cultures (...)
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  82. Barbara Kelly, Teaching Respect as a Civic Virtue in Diverse Societies.
    This thesis explores the meaning and educational implications of respect in liberal multicultural democracies. Significantly, I examine respect from a philosophical perspective as a civic virtue, and hence as a central aim of civic education.
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  83. Lydia Patton (2004). Hermann Cohen's History and Philosophy of Science. Dissertation, McGill University
    In my dissertation, I present Hermann Cohen's foundation for the history and philosophy of science. My investigation begins with Cohen's formulation of a neo-Kantian epistemology. I analyze Cohen's early work, especially his contributions to 19th century debates about the theory of knowledge. I conclude by examining Cohen's mature theory of science in two works, The Principle of the Infinitesimal Method and its History of 1883, and Cohen's extensive 1914 Introduction to Friedrich Lange's History of Materialism. In the former, Cohen gives (...)
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  84. A. Max Jarvie, Acceptance, Belief and Cognition.
    This is a study of a problem in the logic of belief revision. On the assumption of a number of fairly traditional views concerning the relationship between mind and world, the mechanics of perception, and the nature of belief, an argument is made to the effect that revision of extant beliefs is impossible even in the light of new perceptual experience. The argument turns on the ability of a cognitive system to recognize conflict among its thoughts and perceptions. A number (...)
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  85. Brian David Thom, Coast Salish Senses of Place : Dwelling, Meaning, Power, Property and Territory in the Coast Salish World.
    This study addresses the question of the nature of indigenous people's connection to the land, and the implications of this for articulating these connections in legal arenas where questions of Aboriginal title and land claims are at issue. The idea of 'place' is developed, based in a phenomenology of dwelling which takes profound attachments to home places as shaping and being shaped by ontological orientation and social organization. In this theory of the 'senses of place', the author emphasizes the relationships (...)
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  86. Richard I. Pope, The Testimony of Other(s) : Or How to Traverse the Fantasy of the Crypt-Other.
    The following thesis is a work of cultural psychoanalysis in an era properly defined as "post-Holocaust". It begins with an extensive working through of Lacanian concepts, followed by an examination of fantastical appropriations of the trauma of the Holocaust---fantasies that serve as the very frame of our reality, or rather, hyperreality. After a further working through of the relations between the crypt and the unconscious (partially through a reading of Hamlet), the thesis then brings in Marshall McLuhan and Jean Baudrillard (...)
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  87. Didier Delmas, Why 1839? : The Philosophy of Vision and the Invention of Photography.
    1826 is the date attributed to the very first known photograph, Nicephore Niepce's "View from the Window at Gras." For traditional historians of photography this date marks the moment when the genius of man was finally able to merge the knowledge of chemistry with that of optics to create the most amazing technology of visual representation. However, those same historians recognize that the two essential components of photography---the camera and the properties of silver halides---had been known for centuries before the (...)
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  88. Arzu Meral, An Ontological Inquiry in Early Qur'ān Commentaries.
    This study examines the influence of Qur'anic teachings on the development of falsafa on the one hand, and the position of tafsirs in the intellectual history of Islam on the other. To do so, in the introduction it attempts to situate the place of falsafa and its connections with kalam and tafsir, and to explain the approach that will be followed in this research. In the first part it treats some of the ontological vocabulary of the Qur'an, while in the (...)
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  89. George Tombs, Man the Machine : A History of a Metaphor From Leonardo da Vinci to H. G. Wells.
    During the Italian Renaissance, artists and anatomists compared man to various mechanical devices, in an attempt to uncover knowledge about the structure and processes of the human body. In so doing, they drew on ancient Greek notions of instrumentality and proportion. During the early Scientific Revolution, the metaphor of Man the machine played a key role in the development of mechanistic philosophy. During the Enlightenment, it served views on materialism and atheism. By the nineteenth century, when the Industrial Revolution was (...)
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  90. Karen Bardsley, Out of Sight : Resemblance, Illusion and Cinematic Perception.
    In my thesis I develop a theory of our mental, physiological and emotional involvement with motion pictures that accounts for the distinct role of perception in our cinematic experiences. In particular, I present a (limited) resemblance view of cinematic perception and depiction that begins with an analysis of motion picture screenings as events in the world to which audience members share perceptual access and to which we can attribute complex visual and auditory properties. By understanding the precise nature of these (...)
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  91. Jose Jacob, The Architectural Theory of the Mānasāra.
    The extant Manasara is one of the authoritative treatises of vastusastra, traditional Indian architectural theory. The dissertation addresses the question of the nature of vastusastra, traditional architectural theory, as enunciated in the Manasara, and the relationship of theory to traditional practice. Vastusastra claims itself to be a priori with respect to practice. Two aspects of theory, theology and nomology, constitute the ontological and epistemological foundation and structure for this claim. From this sastraic perspective, practice is understood as mere application of (...)
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  92. Mahmoud Namazi, Philosophical and Mystical Dimensions in the Thought and Writings of Mîr Findiriskî (Ca. 970-10501560-1640) with Special Reference to His Qaṣîdah Ḥikmîyah (Philosophical Ode). [REVIEW]
    Mir Abu al-Qasim Findiriski (970/1560 1050/1640) a prominent scholar of the Ṣafwid period (906/1501 1148/1736) played an important role in the development of Shi'i Irfan and Ḥikmah. He was a classmate and close friend of Mir Damad (950/1543 1041/1631) and Shaykh-i Baha'i (953/1546 1030/1622). Beside the other major juridical, traditional, philosophical, and mystical accomplishments of the School of Isfahan, the philosophical and mystical contributions of Mir Findiriski are invaluable. Although he was not a fertile writer, the uniqueness of his works (...)
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  93. René Jagnow, Geometry and Spatial Intuition: A Genetic Approach.
    In this thesis, I investigate the nature of geometric knowledge and its relationship to spatial intuition. My goal is to rehabilitate the Kantian view that Euclid's geometry is a mathematical practice, which is grounded in spatial intuition, yet, nevertheless, yields a type of a priori knowledge about the structure of visual space. I argue for this by showing that Euclid's geometry allows us to derive knowledge from idealized visual objects, i.e., idealized diagrams by means of non-formal logical inferences. By developing (...)
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  94. Ali Mesbah, Religion, Rationality, and Language : A Critical Analysis of Jürgen Habermas' Theory of Communicative Action.
    Jurgen Habermas is a second-generation social philosopher of the Frankfurt school, the birthplace of critical theory. He suggests that modernity is a project of substituting rationality for religion. In his analysis, such a succession is the result of a process of social evolution, in which each developmental stage has its basic concepts and modes of understanding subjective, objective, and social worlds. For him, the salient feature of rationality consists of differentiation between various validity claims of truth, truthfulness, and sincerity which (...)
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  95. Rebecca Pates, A Philosophical Investigation of Punishment.
    Neither currently prevalent justifications of punishment, nor a modified, contractarian version of a justification that I develop here, can be used to justify actual state punishment, even if some forms of punishment may remain legitimate. I argue in this thesis that alternative punitive practices such as developed by some Canadian aboriginal communities are more likely to conform to the criteria of punitive justice developed by standard justifications, as well as being more likely to conform to criteria developed in feminist ethics.
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  96. Bryan Lorin Parachoniak, The Otherness of I : Narrative, Pedagogical Being and Fulfillment.
    This thesis proposes that Charles Taylor's notion of the 'dialogical human life'---or what I call 'dialogical being in the world'---can be expanded to include pedagogical and democratical aspects. Furthermore, given the collapse of foundational epistemologies, I propose that teacher fulfillment may be negotiated through 'hermeneutical understanding', which recognizes the participation of the knower ('I') in the known (the 'other'). Such hermeneutical understanding is achieved through acknowledging my 'dialogical, democratical and pedagogical being in the world' (my life) as an unfolding story, (...)
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  97. Jennifer Marshall, The Development of Contemporary Medical Genetics Research Models and the Need for Scientific Responsibility.
    Current medical genetics research is dominated by a single theory that supports the Human Genome Project rationale. This thesis investigates this and several alternative hypotheses and the ethical context related to their development. Firstly, the hypotheses are discussed in detail followed by a subsection in which research evidence based on each hypothesis is cited. Secondly, these medical genetics hypotheses are situated within the contemporary medical paradigm. To conclude, the thesis examines in depth the ethical and practical implications of medical genetics (...)
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  98. Jesús H. Aguilar, Agency and Control.
    The main objective of this thesis is to defend an account of the control that agents possess over their actions from the perspective of the causal theory of action, that is, a theory that sees actions as events caused by internal states of their agents. The explanatory strategy that is employed for this purpose consists in addressing three interdependent and fundamental problems concerning the possibility of this type of control. The first problem arises from the possibility of controlling an action (...)
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  99. David Joseph Hoida, The Metaphoric Bridge : Spanning Educational Philosophy and Practice.
    Incorporation of a learning philosophy into an existing learning environment can be challenging to the point of abandoning the process or failing to realize any improvements.
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  100. Ümit Yoksuloglu Devji, Al-Ghazālī and Quantum Physics : A Comparative Analysis of the Seventeenth Discussion of Tahāfut Al-Falāsifa and Quantum Theory.
    This thesis compares the concepts presented in the Seventeenth Discussion of al-Ghazali's Tahafut al-Falasifa with concepts currently being discussed in the field of quantum physics. Written as an attack on the neo-Platonic and Aristotelian thinking which challenged the orthodox theology of Medieval Islam, Tahafut al-Falasifa (Incoherence of the Philosophers) questions the understanding of physical reality forwarded by the philosophers of al-Ghazali's times. The Seventeenth Discussion ('On causality and miracles') in particular, with its aim of proving the possibility of miracles, questions (...)
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