OAI Archive: Flinders Academic Commons
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Flinders Academic Commons"
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- Andrew J. Turner, Aristotle, Potential and Actual, Conflicts.In The Metaphysics Book Theta, Chapter four, Aristotle claims that to state that “some X is possible but X will never be” is a mistake. In effect, he collapses the possible into the actual. This view conflicts with the existence of dispositions which I argue exist, as they are indispensable to science. In Theta Chapter three, Aristotle sets out a test of possibility whereby we assume that some entity exists and then see if an impossibility ensues. I apply this test (...)No categories
- Spyridon George Couvalis, Aristotle on Being: An Aristotelian Critique of Russell’s Theory of Existence.Aristotle explains existence through postulating essences that are intrinsic and perception independent. I argue that his theory is more plausible than Hume’s and Russell’s theories of existence. Russell modifies Hume’s theory because he wants to allow for the existence of mathematical objects. However, Russell’s theory facilitates a problematic collapse of ontology into epistemology, which has become a feature of much analytic philosophy. This collapse obscures the nature of truth. Aristotle is to be praised for starting with a clear account of (...)No categories
- Scott Mann, Ontology and Explanation.This paper critically assesses some recent attempts to develop and update the basic categories of Aristotle’s ontology, by Jonathan Lowe and Brian Ellis. It defends these attempts in face of criticisms by John Heil, while also addressing, and responding to, some possible weaknesses in Lowe and Ellis’s accounts. The paper defends Boyd’s idea of higher order kinds as homeostatic property clusters.No categories
- Kieran Nanasi, Philoponus and the Subtraction Argument.The subtraction argument for the existence of an empty world has been challenged in the case of where the world has an infinite number of objects. Drawing on the reconstruction of Philoponus’ traversal argument by George Couvalis. I argue that a subtraction argument based around time units can adequately deal with worlds that are inhabited by an infinite number of objects.No categories
- Peter Quigley, Aristotle and Real Possibility.Ross, Hintikka, Waterlow and Makin have all suggested that there is something problematic about Aristotle’s treatment of possibility. I will canvas their concerns and propose that the problem is not so much with Aristotle as the fact that the notion of possibility is not a single simple concept. I will present eight different components of the notion of possibility and suggest that Aristotle may have been aware of all of them. I will conclude whilst his treatment can appear inconsistent, it (...)No categories
- Rick Benitez, The Moral of the Story: On Fables and Philosophy in Plato's 'Symposium.Scholars have puzzled over the fact that Plato’s criticisms of poetry are themselves contained in mimetic works. This paper sheds light on that phenomenon by examining an analogous one. The Symposium contains one fable which is criticised by means of another which is thought to represent Plato’s own view. Diotima’s fable, however, is suspended within a larger narrative that invites us to examine and question it. The Symposium thus affords opportunity to observe Plato’s criticisms of a genre and the qualifications (...)No categories
- Jonathan Paul Marshall, Plato and Gorgias Walk Into a Symposium.No categories