OAI Archive: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Institutional Repository

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Institutional Repository"

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  1. Zhi-Jun Chen, A Contingency Model of Empowering Leadership on Employee Proactive Behavior : Team Power Distance Climate and Individual Power Distance Belief as the Moderators.
    In this dissertation, I propose a contingency model of empowering leadership on team member proactive behavior. By integrating the literature on empowering leadership with theories of power distance, my dissertation advances understanding of the boundary conditions of empowering leadership. To date over 70% of firms across the globe have encouraged or used empowerment (Spreitzer, 2007). This fact underscores the need for a contingency theory of empowering leadership that delineates how and when it fosters team member proactive behavior - defined as (...)
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  2. Sai Lok Nam, The Conception of 'Heart-Mind' in the Zhuangzi.
    The conception of heart-mind in Zhuangzi is studied in a two dimensional way in this thesis: (i) specific studies of this conception in different divisions, i.e. the Inner Chapters, the Outer Chapters and the Miscellaneous Chapters; and (ii) a comparison of the studies in the three divisions in general. A systemical understanding of the conception of heart-mind can be found in the Inner Chapters. According to Zhuangzi, we cannot live effectively under the influence of the “cheng xin”(成心). The harmfulness of (...)
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  3. Kin Keung Wong, Comparison of Nicomachean Ethics and the Ethics of Confucius : Appropriateness of Moral Decisions.
    Both Nicomachean Ethics and the ethics of Confucius reveal the centrality of virtues in moral practice. Virtues are achieved through cultivated habituation of emotions or feelings, and they are conducive to making moral decisions. According to the two classical schools of ethics, feeling-emotion and moral reason are internally connected . What makes them further similar is that both Aristotle and Confucius have their own formulations of ‘Doctrine of Mean’ but with the same claim that right moral decision (‘mean’) is one (...)
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  4. Kwok Hung Tang, The Relationship of Li and Qing in the Xunzi.
    Li (ritual principle) refers to sacrifices, tribal ceremonials and social norms in the ancient China. Gradually, li becomes the effective compass and square for guiding human behaviour in the personal, social and political aspects. Confucius enriches li with ren (benevolence) and yi (morality, rightness). Mencius mainly inherits ren and yi whereas Xunzi further develops li and yi. Xunzi comprehensively enlarges the effective scope of li to encompass yi (by giving it new meaning as the morality of social distinction), fa (rule, (...)
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  5. Ngan Che Chan, A Study of the Development and Philosophical Implications of the Buddhist Concept of Self-Consciousness (Svasaṃvedana).
    The present study is an attempt to trace the development and philosophical implications of the Buddhist concept of svaṃvedana (self-consciousness or cognition of cognition). The philosophical discourses of cognition of cognition are related to the main issues of epistemology, ontology and soteriology and gradually generate a formulation of the self-cognition doctrine. Chapter one sets out to give an account of issues to be discussed and the methodological approach for this research. Chapter two focuses on the origin and the evolution of (...)
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  6. Alfred Lee, The Shape of a Postmodern Morality : Philosophical Ethics After Nietzsche and Heidegger.
    The present study is an attempt to represent a post-metaphysical thinking that Nietzsche ushered in as a reconstructive ethics. The argument presented here is that the key to such a formulation of ethics resides in Heidegger's 'fundamental ontology' as 'original ethics' ('Letter on Humanism'). Such a formulation that is grounded in an ontology deconstructs that subjectivity and rationality which has been posited by traditional ethics or moral reasoning. The outcome of such a restructuring of reason in Western thinking ushers in (...)
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  7. Wing-Keung Lam, Comparative Study on Self-Transcendence : Paul Tillich and Masao Abe.
    This thesis is an attempt to explore the meanings of self-transcendence, which, in fact, is one of the most basic and important concepts of Buddhism and Christianity. It runs through not only the theme of soteriology, but also the study of the interrelationship of human beings, the ultimate reality and the mundane society. In approaching such a crucial and complicated notion, it would be impossible for me to examine the two religions as a whole. Thus, I will narrow the scope (...)
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  8. Sui Chi Kwan, Language, Reality and Daohood : An Exercise in Comparative Philosophy.
    This thesis is an inquiry about how far it is true to say that our perception of reality is conditioned upon language. Polemical in nature as it is, this thesis taps resources from various traditions and theories disregarding the labels of western/eastern division or ancient/modern dichotomy testifying my belief that comparative philosophy should be performed in recognition of the fact that there is no essential difference between whatever traditions there are. It begins with a critical exposition of the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis (...)
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  9. Wai Ping Hung, The Role of Perspective Taking, Self-Awareness, and Self-Other Similarity in the Impact of Donation Appeals.
    Appeals for time and money to help people in need often encourage recipients to imagine themselves in the situation that confronts these individuals. However, this strategy may not always be effective. The present research investigated several factors that potentially affect the impact of a donation appeal, including the perspectives that recipients have at the time they receive the appeal, the perspective from which the appeal is written, self-awareness, and recipients similarity to the victims. Experiments 1 - 4 showed that when (...)
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  10. Kim-Chong Chong, Ritual Transformation—Xunzi's Response to Mozi in the Lilun Pian.
    It is well known that Mozi (墨子) criticizes the ritual practices of the Ru (儒, the Confucian school) for being wasteful. However, another criticism has been less appreciated: These practices are merely conventional habituations and violate the Ru’s own moral ideals of ren 仁 (humanity), yi 義 (right, righteousness) and xiao 孝 (being filial). Xunzi (荀子) responds to both criticisms in the Li Lun Pian 禮論篇 (“Discourse on Ritual Principles”). Based on an account of Mozi’s arguments and Xunzi’s replies, this (...)
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  11. Sai Hang Kwok, The Basic Question of Xing in the Zhong Yong.
    The Zhong Yong is one of the most important classics in China. For a long time it has been treated as a doctrine that teaches us to follow our nature (xing) as endowed by Heaven (tian). This interpretation of the Zhong Yong has been an important source of the development of metaphysics in Neo Confucianism. However, does this interpretation help us to understand the true meaning of the Zhong Yong? Can we ever know what in particular is endowed by Heaven? (...)
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