OAI Archive: Igitur Archief - Utrecht Publishing and Archiving Service

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Igitur Archief - Utrecht Publishing and Archiving Service"

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  1. D. K. Düring, The Concept of Duty in Kantianism and Confucianism.
    This thesis is a comparative study into the concept of duty in Gewirthian Kantianism and Pre-Qin Confucianism. It aims to bring out some similarities between the two traditions that are often overlooked and which are a) important, and b) give rise to specific questions that are in need of further exploration from the broader framework of the conceptual question of human dignity as the foundation of human rights (as endorsed in the UDHR).
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  2. Paul Reid-Bowen, Vital New Matters: The Speculative Turn in the Study of Religion and Gender.
    This article provides an introduction to a new trend in continental philosophy, the turn toward metaphysics, realism and speculative philosophy. This stands in sharp contrast with the anitrealist and correlationist traditions that have held sway since Kant’s Copernican Revolution in 1781. It is claimed that the study of religion and gender has been shaped by the antirealist legacy of Kant, but there are good reasons for taking account of the new ‘speculative turn’. Two examples from the leading exponent of this (...)
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  3. R. O. Buning, Henricus Reneri (1593-1639). Descartes' Quartermaster in Aristotelian Territory.
    This study provides an overview of the life and work of the seventeenth-century Utrecht professor of philosophy Henricus Reneri, with special focus on his close relationship with René Descartes. Reneri met Descartes during the winter of 1628/29. At that time he worked as a tutor in Amsterdam. Thirteen years earlier, he had fled the Prince-Bishopric of Liège as a Calvinist convert and had come to Leiden, where he enrolled in theology. After he broke off his studies he found work tutoring (...)
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  4. Henri Krop, Christoph Lüthy, David Gorlaeus (1591-1612): An Enigmatic Figure in the History of Philosophy and Science.
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  5. J. Van der Lof, Excuses in Philosophy, Psychology and Logics.
    The aim of this thesis is to find a definition of excuses and translate this definition into a logic model that shows what is needed for an excuse, which is made afterwards, to be regarded as a proper excuse. The definition is an overarching definition of concepts and restrictions on excuses found in philosophy, psychology and logics.
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  6. I. Van der Tuin & A. Sissel Hoel, The Ontological Force of Technicity: Reading Cassirer and Simondon Diffractively.
    This article contributes to contemporary philosophy of technology by carrying out a diffractive reading of Ernst Cassirer’s “Form und Technik” (1930) and Gilbert Simondon’s Du mode d’existence des objets techniques (1958). Both thinkers, who are here brought together for the first time, stood on the brink of the defining bifurcations of twentieth-century philosophy. However, in their endeavor to come to grips with the “being” of technology, Cassirer and Simondon, each in their own way, were prompted to develop an ontology of (...)
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  7. N. Van Miltenburg, Knowing and Doing.
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  8. F. E. Kaldewaij, The Animal in Morality. Justifying Duties to Animals in Kantian Moral Philosophy.
    This dissertation investigates the issue of our moral duties to animals in the context of Kantian moral philosophy. Kantian arguments promise a fundamental and neutral justification of moral duties. Kantians traditionally hold that rational capacities that only humans seem to possess are necessary for moral status. This dissertation challenges this view. It is argued that if Kantian arguments justify duties to others at all, they also justify duties to animals. The first part of the dissertation argues that the Kantian view (...)
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  9. J. Jehle, Shifting Perspectives. A Comparison of Two Academic Guides to Pompeii.
    This Bachelorthesis attempts to analyse differences in approach and epistemology of two academic guides to Pompeii, namely 'Pompeji in Leben und Kunst' by August Mau (1908) and 'Pompeii: Life in a Roman Town' by Mary Beard (2008) and place them in their respective historical context. The results showed that the two studies to a large extent reflect the dominant epistemology of the time in which they were written.
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  10. J. Fischer, Moral Opposites - An Examination of Intuitions Concerning the Amoralist and the Moral Saint.
    In this thesis I want to take a look at the extreme ends of the moral spectrum. Specifically, I am going to examine the very extremes of the moral spectrum, namely the amoralist and the moral saint. I want to take a look at the justifications we have for the intuitions people commonly hold about these two opposites; the intuition being that both an amoralist and a moral saint are undesirable ideals. In examining both cases, I aim to answer the (...)
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  11. Niels van Miltenburg, Knowing and Doing.
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  12. D. G. B. J. Dieks (2011). E. W. Beth as a Philosopher of Physics. Synthese 179 (2):271 - 284.
    This paper examines E. W. Beth's work in the philosophy of physics, both from a historical and a systematic point of view. Beth saw the philosophy of physics first of all as an opportunity to illustrate and promulgate a new and modern general approach to the philosophy of nature and to philosophy tout court: an approach characterized negatively by its rejection of all traditional metaphysics and positively by its firm orientation towards science. Beth was successful in defending this new ideology, (...)
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  13. F. W. M. Verbunt & R. H. Van Gent, Three Editions of the Star Catalogue of Tycho Brahe : Machine-Readable Versions and Comparison with the Modern Hipparcos Catalogue.
    Tycho Brahe completed his catalogue with the positions and magnitudes of 1004 fixed stars in 1598. This catalogue circulated in manuscript form. Brahe edited a shorter version with 777 stars, printed in 1602, and Kepler edited the full catalogue of 1004 stars, printed in 1627. We provide machine-readable versions of the three versions of the catalogue, describe the differences between them and briefly discuss their accuracy on the basis of comparison with modern data from the Hipparcos Catalogue. We also compare (...)
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  14. I. M. Conradie, Seneca in His Cultural and Literary Context : Selected Moral Letters on the Body.
    This thesis examines, on a case study basis, how written texts and traditions function in the construction of a Roman philosophical identity in Seneca's Epistulae Morales, and how these moral letters operate within the shared cultural framework of Seneca and his audience. In sum, Seneca's Epistulae Morales aim to construct and legitimise a Roman philosophical identity, and to make the journey of moral progress undertaken by Seneca and the addressee Lucilius the paradigm for its wider Roman audience. The first part (...)
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  15. E. J. Rossuvanm & R. N. Hamer, The Meaning of Learning and Knowing.
    The Meaning of Learning and Knowing contains three parts. In part 1 the authors describe their own six-stage developmental model of linked learning and teaching conceptions. This model is based on the written essays of over 600 students of higher education. The authors compare their model to five well known epistemological models (Ways of knowing of Baxter Magolda and Belenky et al., Orders of consciousness of Kegan, Epistemological theories of Kuhn and the scheme of intellectual development of Perry). In addition, (...)
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  16. F. A. Bakker, Three Studies in Epicurean Cosmology.
    This dissertation consists of three studies dealing with various aspects of Epicurean cosmology. The first study discusses the Epicurean practice of explaining astronomical and meteorological phenomena by multiple alternative theories. The second study compares the meteorological accounts of Epicurus and Lucretius with other ancient meteorologies as regards the scope and order of their subject matter. The third one examines the claim that Epicurus and Lucretius held the earth to be flat.
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