OAI Archive: Lund University Publications

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Lund University Publications"

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  1. Christer Garbis, Spatial Representation and Haptic Mental Rotation.
    In this paper it is argued that it is legitimate to talk about mental imagery, and thus, to claim that spatial information is coded in an analogue mode. Evidence from research with blind people indicate that they can perform mental rotation and that analogue spatial cognition does not depend on visual information. It is therefore proposed that, if the blind can perform mental rotation in an analogue mode, there exists a common mode, for processing spatial information, which is not modality (...)
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  2. Mikael Johannesson, Modelling Asymmetric Similarity with Prominence.
    This paper aims to introduce and discuss a geometrically based model, the relative prominence model, which is inspired by Tversky's finding that a factor behind asymmetric similarity seems to be the "relative prominence". The model proposes that the experienced directed similarity from I to J is proportional to some symmetric similarity measure between I and J, and the quotient between the "prominences" for J and I. Analysis of empirical data from different areas shows that it is possible for a procedure (...)
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  3. Benjamin Mark, Tudor Berechet, Tobias Mahlmann & Julian Togelius, Procedural Generation of 3D Caves for Games on the GPU.
    Procedural Content Generation in Games is a thriv- ing field of research and application. Recent presented ex- amples range from levels, stories and race tracks to complete rulesets for games. However, there is not much research to date on procedural 3D modeling of caves, and similar en- closed natural spaces. In this paper, we present a modular pipeline to procedurally generate underground caves in real- time, to be used as part of larger landscapes in game worlds. We propose a three (...)
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  4. Astrid Kander, Magnus Jiborn, Daniel Moran & Thomas Wiedmann, National Greenhouse-Gas Accounting for Effective Climate Policy on International Trade.
    National greenhouse-gas accounting should reflect how countries’ policies and behaviours affect global emissions. Actions that contribute to reduced global emissions should be credited, and actions that increase them should be penalized. This is essential if accounting is to serve as accurate guidance for climate policy. Yet this principle is not satisfied by the two most common accounting methods. Production-based accounting used under the Kyoto Protocol does not account for carbon leakage — the phenomenon of countries reducing their domestic emissions by (...)
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  5. Christian Dahlman, Farhan Sarwar, Rasmus Bååth, Lena Wahlberg & Sverker Sikström, The Effect of Imprecise Expressions in Argumentation-Theory and Experimental Results.
    We investigate argumentation where an expression is substituted with a less precise expression. We propose that the effect that this deprecization has on the audience be called deprecization effect. When the audience agrees more with the less precise version of the argument, there is a positive deprecization effect. We conducted an experiment where the participants were presented with a court room scenario. The results of the experiment confirm the following hypothesis: If the participants find it hard to agree with the (...)
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  6. Jonas Lundblad, Theomusical Subjectivity – Schleiermacher and the Transcendence of Immediacy.
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  7. Erik Hedling, Ambiguity in Characterization and Performance: Revisiting 1960s Auteur Cinema.
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  8. Jan Magnusson, Tibetan Refugees as Objects of Development: Indian Development Philosophy and Refugee Resistance in the Establishment of Lukzung Samdrupling, the First Tibetan Refugee Settlement in India.
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  9. Victoria Höög, Visualizing the World. Epistemic Strategies in the History of Scientific Illustrations.
    The history of scientific illustrations is a story that correspond the cultural, economic, political and scientific history of the world. A look into the history of sciences displays that pictures and illustrations had a decisive role for the sciences progressive success and rising societal status from the sixteenth century. The illustrations visualized the unknown to graspable facts. Without the pictures the new discovered continents, the blood circulatory system and the body’s muscles had remained theoretical proclamations. The scientific discoveries became visible (...)
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  10. Artur Nilsson & John T. Jost, Tomkins' Polarity Theory and the Differences Between Humanism and Normativism.
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  11. Andreas Westergren, Sketching the Invisible : Patterns of Church and City in Theodoret of Cyrrhus' Philotheos Historia.
    The fundamental question in this work concerns the ideal relation between asceticism and society in a 5th c. writing , the Philotheos Historia , written in elaborate Greek by the learned bishop of Cyrrhus, Theodoret. This collection of saints’ stories tells about the lives of a number of ascetics who lived in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire, many of them close to Antioch. As these narratives are analysed in this study, the story about the individual saint evokes philosophical (...)
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  12. Paul Nesbitt-Larking & Catarina Kinnvall, The Discursive Frames of Political Psychology.
    The aim of this article is to apply elements of contemporary social theory to the major theoretical, methodological, and ideological divisions across political psychology and to consider both the origins and the impact of a range of theories and models. In so doing, we clarify some of the complexity surrounding the discursive and cultural origins of political psychology. On the basis of this analysis, we aim to overcome the redundant binaries and dualismsboth conceptual and geo-spatialthat have characterized the field up (...)
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  13. Etzel Cardeña, Beyond Plato? Toward a Science of Alterations of Consciousness.
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  14. Etzel Cardeña, Qualitative Research on Anomalous Experience: Between Borges and a Hard Place….
    With the help of the Argentine writer Borges, I will illustrate the absurdity of assuming that science may either grasp reality fully or convey it through abstractions. My departing point is that every methodological perspective has something to contribute to our attempts to elucidate anomalous experiences, and that the extremes of “realness” or abstraction lead to fallacies. The articles in this issue exhibit a different array of methods that clearly advance our understanding of anomalous experiences and the historical and social (...)
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  15. Anders Burman, Places to Think With, Books to Think About: Words, Experience and the Decolonization of Knowledge in the Bolivian Andes.
    Drawing on his anthropological field work in Bolivia in the midst of profound social and political change, the author examines the attitudes of various interlocutors toward knowledge, and in particular the important differences between “hegemonic theories of knowledge and indigenous epistemologies, between propositional and non-propositional knowledge, between knowledge of the world and knowledge from within the world, or between representationalist and relational ways of knowing.” He stresses that there is “no absolute dividing line,” no “clear-cut dichotomies after almost 500 years (...)
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  16. Etzel Cardeña, Response to Neal Grossman’s Reply “On Elephants and Matters Epistemological.
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  17. Johan Dahlbeck & Moa De Lucia Dahlbeck, Needle and Stick' Save the World: Sustainable Development and the Universal Child.
    This text deals with a problem concerning processes of the productive power of knowledge. We draw on so called poststructural theories challenging the classical image of thought – as hinged upon a representational logic identifying entities in a rigid sense – when formulating a problem concerning the gap between knowledge and the object of knowledge. More specifically we are looking at this problem in the contexts of sustainable development and childhood using illustrating examples in order to test the validity of (...)
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  18. Etzel Cardeña, On Wolverines and Epistemological Totalitarianism: Guest Editorial.
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  19. Fernando Flores, The Humanist as Engineer Manifesto.
    The manifesto of a new philosophy of technology.
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  20. Thomas Brante, Professions as Science-Based Occupations.
    How professions should be defined and separated from other occupations has constituted an enduring theoretical and empirical problem in studies of the professions. In this article, the definitions of the so-called list approaches, involving enumerations of social attributes, are scrutinized. Weak-nesses are highlighted and analysed. It is argued that an alternative approach to the issue of definition, commencing from the epistemic or cognitive dimensions of professions, may be more fruitful. One such possibility is presented by setting out from realist philosophy (...)
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  21. Stefan Schubert, Coherence and Reliability: Studies in Bayesian Epistemology.
    In this thesis the connection between coherence and reliability is investigated. The question may be phrased as follows: does the fact that a set of testimonies is coherent imply that the witnesses who have reported these testimonies are reliable? The same question may also be expressed in terms of beliefs: does the fact that a set of beliefs is coherent imply that the beliefs were reliably produced? Traditionally, coherence theorists have thought that coherence is connected to truth, but in this (...)
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  22. Henrik Thorén & Johannes Persson, Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity: Problem‐Feeding, Conceptual Drift, and Methodological Migration.
    One way to bring order into the often muddled picture we have of interdisciplinarity is to sort interdisciplinary projects or aims by the kinds of element that interact in encounters between researchers of the two or more disciplines involved. This is not the usual approach. Since the early seventies and the publication of Erich Jantsch , at least, the level of integration of the disciplines has been the primary focus. For instance, the level of integration is often treated as the (...)
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  23. Carlo Proietti, The Kerry-Frege Debate About Object and Concept: Some Remarks on Kerry’s Position.
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  24. Lena Lindgren, Put Philosophy to Work: On the Relation Between Philosophy and Social Theory.
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  25. Kristina Karlsson & Josefin Madjidian, Active Males, Reactive Females: Stereotypic Sex Roles in Sexual Conflict Research?
    Sexual selection research has always been a subject for debate. Much of the criticism has concerned the imposition of conventional sex roles based on an anthropomorphic view of animals imposed by the researcher. This conventional view may have hampered research, for example from acknowledging male mate choice. Sexual conflict theory is a fast-growing research field, which initially stems from sexual selection research. We investigated how the sexes are described in sexual conflict research and what characteristics they are assigned. We assessed (...)
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  26. Sanjeev Khagram, Kimberly Nicholas, Dena Macmynowski Bever, Justin Warren, Elizabeth H. Richards, Kirsten Oleson, Justin Kitzes, Rebecca Katz, Rebeca Hwang, Rebecca Goldman, Jason Funk & Kate A. Brauman, Thinking About Knowing: Conceptual Foundations for Interdisciplinary Environmental Research.
    Working across knowledge-based research programmes, rather than institutional structures, should be central to interdisciplinary research. In this paper, a novel framework is proposed to facilitate interdisciplinary research, with the goals of promoting communication, understanding and collaborative work. Three core elements need to be addressed to improve interdisciplinary research: the types of theories, the underlying philosophies of knowledge and the combination of research styles; these three elements combine to form the research programme. Case studies from sustainability science and environmental security illustrate (...)
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  27. Maggie C. Gibson, Mary W. Carter, Edward Helmes & Anna-Karin Edberg, Principles of Good Care for Long-Term Care Facilities.
    Background: The International Psychogeriatric Association Task Force on Mental Health Services in Long-Term Care Facilities aims to support and strengthen mental health services in the long-term care sector. The purpose of this paper is to identify broad principles that may underpin the drive towards meeting the mental health needs of residents of long-term care facilities and their families, as well as to enhance the overall delivery of residential care services. Methods: Principles of good care are extrapolated from an analysis of (...)
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  28. Staffan Angere, Theory and Reality : Metaphysics as Second Science.
    Theory and Reality is about the connection between true theories and the world. A mathematical framefork for such connections is given, and it is shown how that framework can be used to infer facts about the structure of reality from facts about the structure of true theories, The book starts with an overview of various approaches to metaphysics. Beginning with Quine's programmatic "On what there is", the first chapter then discusses the perils involved in going from language to metaphysics. It (...)
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  29. Bernhard Bierschenk, An Ecological Model for the Processing of Symbolic Information.
    This article attempts to prove that an adequate cognition oriented approach to the processing of symbolic information abstracted from verbal expressions must consider a running text instead of scattered sentences. It is argued that the dominant cognition models do not give due consideration to the fact that a valid abstraction of in-formation structures has to be based on an explicit encoding of intentionality and valuation. Following a critical discussion of the foundations of the existing models, it is stated that a (...)
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  30. Mia Liinason, Intersectionality: Some Reflections on the Puzzlings of an Ambiguous Analytical Tool.
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  31. Tiina Rosenberg, Solidarity and Knowldege.
    This paper discusses the term solidarity in relation to knowledge, and the existing tension between a vital women’s movement on the one hand, and a feminist academic theory on the other. The raise of a highly capitalist and neoliberal notion of feminism, a sort of “free market feminism” is restricting and limiting the space for solidarity in feminist politics and theory. Jodi Dean’s term reflexive solidarity defines solidarity in terms of mutuality, responsibility and a need of recognizing common interests as (...)
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  32. Sverre Spoelstra, What is Organization?
    This book is about the relation between philosophy and organization in so far as it concerns organization studies. The book, then, revolves round the interplay between philosophy, organization and organization studies. The purpose is both to ask philosophically the question ‘What is organization?’ and to question the importance of this kind of philosophical questioning for the field of organization studies. The central argument of the book is that philosophy performs two radically different roles in organization studies, each based upon a (...)
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  33. Stefan Östersjö, SHUT UP 'N' PLAY! Negotiating the Musical Work.
    'SHUT UP ’N’ PLAY! Negotiating the Musical Work’ is a piece of artistic research that attempts to merge artistic practice, qualitative research methods and critical analysis in a project concerned with contemporary performance practices, and specifically how these practices are created and transmitted in the interaction between composer and performer. By way of a critical reading of the musico-philosophical discussion of the ontology of the musical work and by way of a deconstruction of the concept of musical interpretation I propose (...)
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  34. Karl Dahlstrand, Non-Pecuniary Damages in Tort. How to Break Up the Distinction Between a Internal and External View of Law.
    The traditional restrictive attitude towards claim for compensation about non-pecuniary harms in both cause law and legislation become weaker even if the theoretically and practically reason behind the old exception-construction remain. This reason can best be explained by the thesis about incommensurability when it comes to compensate for some losses that money cannot compensate. To explain why the exception-construction is problemized in recent days I think two circumstances has played an important role the materialisation of human rights as a consequence (...)
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  35. Fredrik Nilsson, A Complex Adaptive System Approach on Logistics - Implications of Adopting a Complexity Perspective.
    The quest of developing the logistics discipline, with a more theoretical foundation, is something several authors have emphasized and called for. Today one could argue that most of the research on logistics has a strong connection to the positivistic paradigm where there is a great emphasis on prediction, rationality and control in the solutions produced. In order to challenge the common assumptions and develop the logistics discipline, the process of knowledge creation i.e. the epistemological considerations, are central. Since a paradigm (...)
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  36. Erik Hedling, The Welfare State Depicted: Post-Utopian Landscapes in Ingmar Bergman's Films.
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  37. Thomas Brante, The ADHD Paradigm.
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  38. Mikael Häll, Skogsrået, Näcken Och Djävulen: Erotiska Naturväsen Och Demonisk Sexualitet I 1600- Och 1700-Talens Sverige.
    This dissertation examines conceptions of erotic nature spirits and their association with demonic sexuality in 17th and 18th century Sweden. Its purpose is to reconstruct the various cultural and symbolic meanings which such notions had for the society of the day. Cultural history and the analytical concepts culture, liminality and figures of thought provide the general framework of the study. The primary sources are judicial records, folktales, ballads, sagas, and works of theology and natural philosophy. For example, the trial records, (...)
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  39. Erik Persson, What is Wrong with Extinction? - The Answer From Anthropocentric Instrumentalism.
    The book contains the first part of an investigation aimed at finding out why it is morally wrong to cause species to go extinct. That it is morally wrong seems to be a very basic and widely held intuition. It seems reasonable that a moral theory worth taking seriously ought to be able to account for that intuition. The most common attempt to answer our question is to refer to the instrumental value of the species for human beings – the (...)
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  40. Thomas Brante, Essential Tensions in the Field of Psychiatry.
    In this presentation I discuss modern psychiatry, esp. neuropsychiatry, from the perspectives of philosophy and sociology of science. It is argued that there exist a number of tensions and ‘incommensurabilities’ in the field that are hard to overcome, thus giving rise to controversies. I separate four types of tensions, belonging to different ‘boxes.’ The first is called cognitive/internal, comprising the scientific basis of neuropsychiatry´s knowledge claims. The second is called social/internal, involving strategies deployed by the profession of neuropsychiatry. The third (...)
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  41. Thomas Brante, The Nature of Science-Based Controversies.
    The Nature of Science-based Controversies. The following points will be presented: 1. Political and epistemological reasons for studying science-based controversies. 2. Controversies as conflicts between rival professional groups and incommensurable systems of ideas. 3. Results and discoveries emanating from case studies of science-based controversies: four examples. 4. Towards a theory of science-based controversies. 5. Relations between science-based controversies and knowledge politics.
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  42. Thomas Brante, The Legacy of Thomas Kuhn.
    Sweden’s reception of Thomas Kuhn’s ‘The Structure’ did not differ significantly from other countries. In general terms, its enormous impact was based on three factors. A) ‘The Structure’ justified sociological investigations of the contents of science. Thus it opened up a new area of research, called the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge, Social Studies of Science, Post-Kuhnian Sociology of Science, and more recently, Studies of Science and Technology. B) It enabled new approaches and modes of analysis of extant disciplines, esp. the (...)
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  43. Mia Liinason, Some Starting Points Towards a Critical Feminist Methodology.
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  44. Mia Liinason, Report on the International Association of Women Philosophers Symposium Göteborg.
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  45. Christoffer Wong, Stressing European Legislation and Implementation in the Member States.
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  46. Cornelius Holtorf, Über Archäologisches Wissen.
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  47. Petter Johansson, Choice Blindness: The Incongruence of Intention, Action and Introspection.
    This thesis is an empirical and theoretical exploration of the surprising finding that people often may fail to notice dramatic mismatches between what they want and what they get, a phenomenon my collaborators and I have named choice blindness. The thesis consists of four co-authored papers, dealing with different aspects of the phenomenon. Paper one presents an initial set of studies using a computerised choice procedure, and discusses the relation of choice blindness to the parent phenomenon of change blindness. Paper (...)
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  48. Fredrik Nilsson, Adaptive Logistics - Using Complexity Theory to Facilitate Increased Effectiveness in Logistics.
    Logistics is gaining increased attention in companies since interconnectivity is increasing, and the interdependence among actors is enhanced due to challenges organizations are facing today . While the logistics discipline has been characterized by an efficiency focus based on positivistic assumptions, the challenges of today require a focus on effectiveness i.e. adaptive logistics based on extended assumptions. As firms are becoming more complex themselves in their relationships with suppliers and customers, and there is increased turbulence facing almost all industries, this (...)
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  49. Per Henning Uppstad, Language and Literacy : Some Fundamental Issues in Research on Reading and Writing.
    Mainstream research on reading and writing is based on the assumption, common in modern linguistics, that spoken language is primary to written language in most important respects. Unfortunately, the conceptual framework for the study of language and 'literacy' is built around this assumption. This is problematic with regard to the philosophy of science, since this framework lacks sufficient empirical support. It is claimed in the present thesis that a view of spoken and written language as distinct - but not isolated (...)
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  50. Max Liljefors, Rätten Och den Sociosymboliska Sömnen - Reflektioner Om Det Industriella Folkmordets Eftereffekter.
    Combining cultural theory with the philosophy of law, this essay argues that the advent of state-managed, industrial genocide has brought about a crisis of confidence in the institutions of modern society. A wave of incrimination emanates from the holocaust, which primarily strikes against the institutions of law, but also affects the credibility of sociosymbolic mandate as such. Drawing on the writings of Friedrich Nietzsche, Walter Benjamin and Giorgio Agamben, the author proposes that the dynamics of this crisis may be understood (...)
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  51. Fiona Björling, Speeding in Time: Philosophy and Metaphor in a Presentation of Okhrannaia Gramota Part One 6.
    In Pasternak's writings there is a tension between philosophy and poetry. The question posed here, and based on extracts from the autobiographical "Ochrannaja gramota" , is whether the dense and multiple metaphor in Pasternak’s work can be understood as having a heuristic function, of expressing original thought and contributing to new understanding, or whether it is confusing and obscure, an impediment to thought and in the last analysis to be interpreted ’only’ in a sensual, impressionistic way. Paul Ricoeur’s "The Rule (...)
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  52. J. Winterling, E. Wasteson, B. Sidenvall, Erik Sidenvall, B. Glimelius, P. O. Sjoden & K. Nordin, Relevance of Philosophy of Life and Optimism for Psychological Distress Among Individuals in a Stage Where Death is Approaching.
    The purpose was to investigate the relevance of philosophy of life as well as optimism for the psychological distress among Swedish individuals in a stage where death is approaching. Sixty-nine persons were included; of these were 42 patients newly diagnosed with advanced gastrointestinal cancer and 26 were partners to these patients. The participants' philosophy of life was studied through a semi-structured interview. The interview statements were subjected to content analysis. Optimism was measured by the Life Orientation Test and psychological distress (...)
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  53. Gustaf Östberg, Perspectives on Research on the Formation of Nodular Graphite in Cast Iron.
    Current views on the mechanism of the formation of nodular graphite in cast iron are examined with respect to their explanatory power. The aim of this review is to find, if possible, a rationale for further studies. Arguments are presented in favour of a comprehensive model, encompassing the characteristics of both the nucleation and the growth of the graphite. A plea is made for focusing on the most salient features rather than on phenomenological aspects. 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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  54. Alf Hornborg, Animism, Fetishism, and Objectivism as Strategies for Knowing the World.
    Animistic or 'relational' ontologies encountered in non-Western settings pose a challenge to Western knowledge production, as they violate fundamentalassumptions of Cartesian science. Naturalscientists who have tried seriously to incorporate subject-subject relations into their intellectual practice have inexorably been relegated to the margins. Surrounded by philosophers and sociologists of science announcing the end of Cartesian objectivism, however,late modern or 'post-modern' anthropologists discussing animistic understandings of nature will be excused for taking them more seriously than their predecessors. It is incumbent on them (...)
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  55. Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Palliative Care as a Framework for Older People's Long-Term Care.
    This article draws on the findings from several years of research on the health problems, quality of life and care of older people, especially during the later years of life, and argues that there is a need to develop and provide care according to the principles of palliative care. The findings indicate that palliative care, including a focus on symptom management, psychosocial and existential issues, may be appropriate for the long-term care of older or very old people - not just (...)
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  56. Erik J. Olsson, Review of Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge. [REVIEW]
    In this book, Stephen Hetherington attacks what he thinks are two "dogmas" of epistemology. One he calls "epistemic absolutism" which amounts to the claim that knowledge is absolute: you can be with or without it, but once you have it, it is not possible to have more or less. The other is "justificationalism" which is the view that some sort of justification is necessary for knowledge.
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  57. Robert Pallbo, An Inquiry Into Meno’s Dilemma.
    Knowledge may be treated analogous to evolutionary processes. This view of knowledge has certain advantages compared to more traditional views. In particular, it allows the knowledge to be extended without the involvement of a separate agent. This means, in turn, that the problem of knowledge acquisition, known as Meno’s dilemma, is avoided. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how an evolutionary process can accomplish this and to demonstrate the presence of an evolutionary process in the individual brain.
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  58. Erik Persson, Shadows of Cavernous Shades: Charting the Chiaroscuro of Realistic Computing.
    During the early 1990s, a novel style of programming often referred to as component-oriented programming quickly grew popular as the state-of-the-art in graphical user interface and client/server development on Windows-based personal computers, largely in competition with object-oriented programming, a partly similar, partly different programming paradigm, with which component-orientation is often compared, combined, and confused. Also during the 1990s, the world-wide web spread its arachnoid gossamer over the globe with deep-ranging ramifications for software component technology. Certainly, software componentry is not only (...)
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  59. Pierre Gander, Participating in a Story: Exploring Audience Cognition.
    Stories that the audience can influence , in contrast to 'traditional' stories , present a challenge to fields which take narrative as their study object. What is the difference between these two kinds of stories? Earlier theories have focused on differences in media, structure, or the audience's physical actions. In part I of this book , it is argued that earlier approaches fail to capture the difference between these two kinds of stories because they have neglected the role of cognition. (...)
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  60. Ola Zetterquist, A Europe of the Member States or of the Citizens? - Two Philosophical Perspectives on Sovereignty and Rights in the European Community.
    Today’s debate about the EC and its future can be grouped along two main lines. On the one side are those who hold that the EC is a grouping of sovereign states for the purposes of international cooperation. On the other side are those who maintain that the EC is a new political society that unites the citizens of Europe in a new political and legal community where the question of the sovereignty of the Member States must be reassessed. The (...)
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  61. Magnus Jiborn, Voluntary Coercion. Collective Action and the Social Contract.
    This work provides a game theoretical analysis of the classical idea of a social contract. According to what we might call the Hobbesian justification of the state, coercion is necessary in order to provide people with basic security and to enable them to successfully engage in mutually beneficial cooperation. The establishment and maintenance of a central coercive power, i.e. a state, can therefore be said to be in everyone's interest. The aim of this essay is to examine and evaluate these (...)
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  62. Erland Lagerroth, From Great Novels to Jantsch/Prigogine, Ken Wilber and Stephen Wolfram. Erland Lageroth's Homepage.
    "Search is our greatest adventure" . Join me in this adventure and experience the same joy, enlightment, and insight that this journey of discoveries during 50 years has given me! The journey, way, narrative begins with criticism of fiction and goes via rethinking of literary research, humanities, and natural science to the discovery of a "humanistic" natural science, a "world philosophy", a "passion of the Western mind", a possible solution of the crucial question of mankind, and a biology beyond Darwin (...)
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  63. Jakob Danneskiold-Samsøe, Muses and Patrons : Cultures of Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth Century Scandinavia.
    This study analyses the development of natural philosophy in Scandinavia in the 16th and 17th century. Rather than dealing with individual natural philosophers and ideas, it evolves around groups of natural philsophers - the Bartholin family and the former assistants of Tycho Brahe in Denmark, the Rudbeck family in Sweden. The study of nature is put into a cultural, religious, social, and political context, and much attention is given to the phenomenon of patronage. General developments in the two countries, particularly (...)
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  64. Etzel Cardeña, Sailing Along the Universe.
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  65. Patrik Fridlund, Gudomligt Kaos Och Mänsklig Ordning : Om Filosofi, Litteratur Och Teologi.
    It can be said that literary texts do not have any obligation to reality, and that literature destabilises our relation to normal use of words and to established perspectives. Literature is in relation with something that cannot be explained or conceptualised. In this respect literature is close to religion. Literature invites us to believe in something that is unreal and beyond ordinary life. In literature we are confronted with something different and hence ordinary meaning of words, normal understandings and every (...)
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  66. Lena Lindgren, Selected Publications by Lena Lindgren on Legitimacy, Liberalism, Modernity, Sociology of Law, Forms of Steerage, Etc. And Interviews with Lyotard, Serres and Svenbro.
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  67. Johannes Persson, Misconceptions of Positivism and Five Unnecessary Science Theoretic Mistakes They Bring in Their Train.
    Background Positivism is sometimes rejected for the wrong reasons. Influential textbooks on nursing research and in other disciplines tend to reinforce the misconceptions underlying these rejections. This is problematic, since it provides students of these disciplines with a poor basis for making epistemological and methodological decisions. It is particularly common for positivist views on reality and causation to be obscured. Objectives and design The first part of this discussion paper identifies and explains the misconceptions about positivism as they appear in (...)
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  68. Monica Libell, Seeing Animals. Anthropomorphism Between Fact and Function.
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  69. Peter Gärdenfors, Computational Complexity and Cognitive Science : How the Body and the World Help the Mind Be Efficient.
    This book illustrates the program of Logical-Informational Dynamics. Rational agents exploit the information available in the world in delicate ways, adopt a wide range of epistemic attitudes, and in that process, constantly change the world itself. Logical-Informational Dynamics is about logical systems putting such activities at center stage, focusing on the events by which we acquire information and change attitudes. Its contributions show many current logics of information and change at work, often in multi-agent settings where social behavior is essential, (...)
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  70. Jonna Pettersson, Incalculable Community.
    This thesis argues that the Western thinking of political community has assumed the community to require a unity or unifying principle that serves as delineation. It suggests that sameness, reflected in history, space, language, or reason, has been assumed as the condition of possibility of the political community. Consequently, a particular identity is made a prerequisite for membership and vouches for the sameness of the community, which, in turn, ascertains that unifying delineations are upheld. Since sameness is either established against, (...)
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  71. John Muhumuza Kakitahi, Causality, Magnitude and Impact Mitigation of Rework in Uganda.
    Research has shown the Ugandan construction industry to be, primarily, an informal sector dominated by unskilled labour contracted mainly on minor building works such as alterations and renovations. Within such a context, the industry has also received negative publicity due to increasing quality failures on sites – commonly referred to as shoddy work. Some reasons cited for these failures include; use of substandard building materials and ineffective supervision by design consultants. This, inspite of the existing national regulatory and institutional framework (...)
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  72. Artur Nilsson, The Psychology of Worldviews: Toward a Non-Reductive Science of Personality.
    Persons are not just mechanical systems of instinctual animalistic proclivities, but also language-producing, existentially aware creatures, whose experiences and actions are drenched in subjective meaning. To understand a human being as a person is to understand him or her as a rational system that wants, fears, hopes, believes, and in other ways imbues the world with meaning, rather than just a mechanical system that is subject to the same chains of cause and effect as other animals. But contemporary personality psychology (...)
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  73. Michael Schoenhals, Gao Ertai - The Alienated Aesthete.
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  74. Michael Schoenhals, Guan Feng is Back! Recent Writings on Lao Zi's Political Philosophy.
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  75. Michael Schoenhals, In Celebration of Blasphemy: The Strange Musings of Zhang Zhiyang.
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  76. Ingar Brinck, Göran Hermerén, Johannes Persson & Nils-Eric Sahlin, Why Metaphysicians Do Not Explain.
    The paper discusses the concept of explanation in metaphysics. Different types of explanation are identified and explored. Scientific explanation is compared with metaphysical explanation. The comparison illustrates the difficulties with applying the concept of explanation in metaphysics.
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  77. Lena Lindgren, Concepts of Legitimacy: Continuity and Change.
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  78. Monne Wihlborg, Making the Gender Aspect Visible in Qualitative Research About Learning. A Question of Trustworthiness and Credibility in Variations.
    This paper suggests that there is a substantial risk when it comes to ensuring that we distinguish between gender-influenced experiences visible in qualitative research results/outcomes. The question is whether the object of inquiry in qualitative research in general allows other voices to be heard than the majority/mainstream voice. Or is there a risk that some voices will drown in the voice of the mainstream and then not be heard in the description of variations? Based on the idea that qualitative research (...)
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  79. Anders Ågård, Ethical Issues in Cardiology Patients' Views of Information and Decision-Making.
    The over-riding aim of this thesis was to obtain a deeper understanding of the way patients with cardiac problems view both information related to their health and medical decisions and their role in decision-making processes. An important objective was to identify reasons why patients do not ask for or assimilate information or why they do not want or feel that they are able to influence medical decisions. The starting point for the investigations was five ethical problem areas in cardiology practice. (...)
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  80. Paul Davidsson, On the Concept of Concept in the Context of Autonomous Agents.
    This paper deals with some fundamental questions regarding the concept of concept in the context of autonomous agents. The most basic of these is defining what it actually means for someone to have a concept. Rather than trying to state a number of conditions that should be satisfied in order to have the concept, it is concluded that having a concept is a matter of degree, which can be defined in terms of the functions the concept can serve. The more (...)
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  81. Henrik Frisk, Improvisation and the Self: To Listen to the Other.
    To listen to the other: This phrase raises an incalculable number of issues. One of the central topics in teaching improvisation is learning how to listen to those with whom one plays, but in my experience the most difficult task is listening to the self. The point of listening to the other in performance is obviously not to completely give up the self, nor is it to become the other, but to attune to, or find resonance with, the other. It (...)
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  82. Patrizio Lo Presti, Procedural Reasonableness and Normativity of Argumentation.
    Pragma-dialectical argumentation theory has received criticism from epistemological argumentation theorists. While the former emphasizes argumentation as aimed at resolving differences of opinion through adequate procedures, the latter emphasizes that argumentation is aimed at reaching a justified conclusion of the argumentation. In this paper pragma-dialectics is analyzed and two objections considered. The first objection pertains to the pragma-dialectical definition of reasonable argumentation, the other to the lack of an account of normativity of argumentation in pragma-dialectics. It is argued that the objections (...)
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  83. Christopher Collstedt, The Descents of Military Violence Against Civilians: A History of the Present.
    Inspired by the works of Michel Foucault and Erling Sandmo, this article explores contemporary discourses of military violence against civilians from a genealogical perspective. The purpose is to shed light on the historicity of certain structures of knowledge, thoughts, politics and ethics that are fundamental for the ways in which military violence against civilians is put into words, interpreted and explained in various situations and contexts today. My main argument is that the descents of Swedish contemporary discourse on military violence (...)
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  84. Reza Banakar, The Identity Cricis of a "Stepchild.
    This paper explores the lack of common basic assumptions among different theoretical orientations which constitute the field of sociology of law. It argues that sociology of law lacks theoretical coherence and is, therefore, unable to produce fundamental paradigms. The solution to the paradigmatic shortcomings of sociology of law is, then, sought outside the traditional framework of law and sociology.
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  85. Reza Banakar, H.L.A. Hart: A Review of Nicola Lacey’s "A Life of H L A Hart. [REVIEW]
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  86. Reza Banakar & Max Travers, Law, Sociology and Method.
    Socio-Legal research is, in some respects, founded on a paradox in that, while it claims or aspires to be an interdisciplinary subject with particular ties with sociology, the majority of its practitioners are based in law schools, and have not received any systematic training in either sociological theory or research methods. There are, of course, many academics from other disciplines who have contributed to the field over the years, and whose studies appear on undergraduate reading lists. There has also been (...)
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  87. Reza Banakar, Normativity in Legal Sociology: Methodological Reflections on Law and Regulation in Late Modernity.
    The field of socio-legal research has encountered three fundamental challenges over the last three decades – it has been criticized for paying insufficient attention to legal doctrine, for failing to develop a sound theoretical foundation and for not keeping pace with the effects of the increasing globalization and internationalization of law, state and society. This book examines these three challenges from a methodological standpoint. It addresses the first two by demonstrating that legal sociology has much to say about justice as (...)
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  88. Jens Ulrik Hansen, Pluralistic Ignorance : A Case for Social Epistemology and Epistemic Logic.
    In this paper the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance is discussed and it is argued why it is of relevance for epistemic logic and social psychology. Roughly put, pluralistic ignorance is the case when a group of interacting agents all experience a discrepancy between their private opinions and the perceived opinions of the others. After introducing the phenomenon, numerous features of pluralistic ignorance that are of interest for epistemic logic and social epistemology, are discussed. This discussion serves two purposes: It recaps (...)
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  89. Peter Bednar & Christine Welch, Second Order Discourse: Critically-Informed Research.
    Researchers who desire to bring about change in organizational settings require approaches to inquiry which can go beyond superficial appearances and prejudice. In seeking to go beyond mere examination of socio technical systems researchers have developed a proliferation of different approaches. Many of these have drawn upon social and human sciences to ground methods and assumptions in philosophical descriptions. However, critically informed researchers, in their efforts to make inquiries into organizational systems, may find it difficult to differentiate between approaches. Many (...)
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  90. Monica Lindberg Falk, Thailand. Modern Buddhism and Buddhadasa Bhikkhu: A Social History.
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  91. Martin Gansten, Realism and Idealism in Rāmānuja’s Self-Body Metaphor.
    The ontology of Rāmānuja, as expressed in his Gītābhāṣya and other works, centres on the doctrine of coordinate predication , expressed through the metaphor of the self-body relationship . This metaphor, employed to define the ontological status of God , the individual selves and the world, also serves as a strategy for reconciling apparently conflicting passages in the Bhagavadgītā and other authoritative texts of Vedānta. The view emerging from a close reading of Rāmānuja’s writings is one of universal realism grounded (...)
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  92. Göran Sonesson, Current Issues in Pictorial Semiotics. Lecture One: The Quadrature of the Hermeneutic Circle.
    The first lecture will present pictorial semiotics within the framework of general semiotic theory. It will construe semiotics as a particular point of view taken on everything which is human or, more generally, endowed with life, rather than simply the continuation of the mixed or separate doctrines due to Saussure and Peirce. The historical part will describe briefly the development of pictorial semiotics and the peculiarities of its different schools and traditions, following upon the somewhat premature founding gesture attributed to (...)
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  93. Reza Banakar, Can Legal Sociology Account for the Normativity of Law?
    This paper challenges the assumption that legal sociology should apply itself to the external or factual properties of the law and leave the internal and normative aspects of legal phenomena to doctrinal scholars and moral philosophers. It argues that legal sociology explores the normative contexts of the law and other social systems, but being restricted by its “scientific” mode of expression it describes and analyses them in sociological rather than moral terms. Legal sociology is, and should be seen as, a (...)
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  94. Anders Burman, A Comment to Mario Blaser’s ‘Ontological Conflicts and the Stories of Peoples In Spite of Europe: Towards a Conversation on Political Ontology.
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  95. Peter Bengtsen & Matilda Arvidsson, Law, Street Art and Spatial Justice.
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  96. Johannes Persson & Nils-Eric Sahlin, A Philosophical Account of Interventions and Causal Representation in Nursing Research: A Discussion Paper.
    BACKGROUND: Representing is about theories and theory formation. Philosophy of science has a long-standing interest in representing. At least since Ian Hacking's modern classic Representing and Intervening analytical philosophers have struggled to combine that interest with a study of the roles of intervention studies. With few exceptions this focus of philosophy of science has been on physics and other natural sciences. In particular, there have been few attempts to analyse the use of the notion of intervention in other disciplines where (...)
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  97. Mattias Kärrholm, Building Type Production and Everyday Life: Rethinking Building Types Through Actor-Network Theory and Object-Oriented Philosophy.
    The aim of this paper is to reconceptualise ‘building type’ in order to better account for its general role in society and everyday life. The paper merges the concept of building type with actor-network theory and object-oriented philosophy in order to develop the concept of ‘territorial sorts’ as a way of widening building-type research and making it more useful for investigating how building types are actually produced, not just in terms of the work done by different kinds of authorities, such (...)
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  98. Henrik Rydell Johnsén, The Early Jesus Prayer and Meditation in Greco-Roman Philosophy.
    This article deals with the early development of the Jesus prayer in Early Christian monasticism of the 4th to the 7th century. It proceeds in two steps. First, a quite uniform matrix of practices and aims related to three early monastic authors is discerned. It is evident that the practice is not clearly defined in this period. It is also apparent that the practice evolves in conversation with other similar practices, like the meditation of short verses from the Bible, and (...)
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  99. Joel Parthemore, The 'Final Frontier' as Metaphor for Mind: Opportunities to Re-Conceptualize What It Means to Be Human.
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