OAI Archive: Lund University Publications
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Lund University Publications"
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- Linus Broström, The Substituted Judgment Standard. Studies on the Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making.Patients who are incompetent need a surrogate decision maker to make treatment decisons on their behalf. One of the main ethical questions that arise in this context is what standard ought to govern such decision making. According to the Substituted Judgment Standard (SJS), a surrogate ought to make the decision that the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Although this standard has sometimes been criticized on the grounds of being difficult to apply, it has found wide (...)
- Anita Lundqvist, When Birth Turns to Loss and Grief - Experiences, Views and Care in Neonatal End-of-Life Practice.The aim was to describe the neonatal end-of-life practice and illuminate Swedish women's lived experiences of the threat and the reality of their neonate's dying and death as well as the care received. A further aim was to explore Muslim women's view of current Swedish neonatal-end-of-life care. In a questionnaire with close-ended questions 144 registered nurses described their experiences, behavior and attitudes in Swedish NICUs towards parents who are reluctant to see, touch, and hold the dying or dead neonate. The (...)
- Marie Omnell-Persson, Utilization and Allocation of Organs for Transplantation - Medical and Ethical Aspects.Great efforts have been made to find solutions to the shortage of organs, such as extending the donor pool by accepting so-called marginal donors and development of transplantation of organs from animals (xenotransplantation, xt). Due to the scarcity of organs, there is a long tradition of prioritizing among patients on the waiting list for transplantation. Rules for allocation of organs have been developed within organ exchange organizations, such as Scandiatransplant, the forum for exchange of organs within the Nordic countries. The (...)
- Ingrid Runeson, Children's Participation in Decision-Making in Health Care.The main purpose was to investigate children's participation in the decision-making processes in health care. Twenty-four children (0-18 år)admitted to hospital, their parents, and the staff present were observed during totally 135 hours in order to (i) identify the children's needs, (ii) their participation in the decision-making processes, and (iii) their parents' participation. Twenty-six children (6-17 years) and 21 parents were interviewed about their experiences of hospital stay, and finally 92 health care professionals described situations containing different degrees of children's (...)No categories
- Robert Pallbo, Mind in Motion: The Utilization of Noise in the Cognitive Process.The brain is not silent. Even in the absence of stimuli are the neurons activated every now and then in what is called "spontaneous" or "background activity" which provides a noisy background to the operation of the brain. This work shows how this noise can be utilized in the cognitive process. That is, rather than being treated as a nuisance, noise is given a functional role in the brain´s activity. More than this, the role noise is given is a very (...)
- Åsa Andersson, Power and Social Ontology.This work presents an account of social power based on recent advances in social ontology. It is argued that a conceptual analysis of social power can be informed by developments in social ontology, but also that this field can be enriched, and in fact requires, an analysis of this central social concept. Social power is dependent on the existence of various kinds of social phenomena, such as institutions and social structures, in order to exist. Consequently, a precise analysis of these (...)
- Johan Modée, Artifacts and Supraphysical Worlds: A Conceptual Analysis of Religion.It is a contested question in contemporary theories of religion whether the concept of religion can be defined in a sound way or not. Many theorists maintain that a universal but delimiting definition is impossible. In this study, by contrast, it is argued that a conceptual analysis of religion that holds universally is perfectly possible because the following thesis can be seen as a necessary and sufficient conceptual condition of what religion is: (R) X is a religion if and only (...)
- Kyriakos Theodoridis (2005). Kripke on Necessity - A Metaphysical Investigation. Dissertation, Lund UniversityI undertake a metaphysical investigation of Saul Kripke's modern classic, Naming and Necessity (1980). The general problem of my study may be expressed as follows: What is the metaphysical justification of the validity and existence of the pertinent classes of truths, the necessary a posteriori and the contingent a priori, according to the Kripke Paradigm? My approach is meant to disclose the logical and ontological principles underlying Kripke's arguments for the necessary a posteriori and the contingent a priori respectively. The (...)
- Johannes Stripple, Climate Change After the International : Rethinking Security, Territory and Authority.What does a politics after the international mean? Many strands of contemporary scholarship converge on the image of the international as obsolete, but strongly diverge on the contours of the kinds of politics that are superseding it. The modern state has been pivotal to the meaning of security, territory and authority?concepts central to the idea of the international?but they do not necessarily have to be tied to the state. Johannes Stripple offers a critique of International Relations theory combined with a (...)
- Eva-Lotta Grantén, Patterns of Care: Relating Altruism in Sociobiology and the Christian Tradition of Agape.The purpose of this study is to relate sociobiological theories of altruism to theories within the Christian tradition of agape. Firstly, it discusses the relation between scientific, ethical and theological understandings of altruism, and argues that it is possible to compare discussions of benevolent acts towards others or other-directedness. Such acts are determined in content by the extent and recipients, and the content make recognisable patterns. A care-pattern is defined as the giver of the benevolent act having a relation to (...)
- Anna-Sofia Maurin (2002). If Tropes. Dissertation, Lund UniversityThe treatise attempts to approach and deal with some of the most fundamental problems facing anyone who wishes to uphold some version of the so-called theory of tropes. Three assumptions serve as a basis for the investigation: (i) tropes (i.e. particular properties) exist, (ii) only tropes exist (that is, tropes are the only basic or fundamental kinds of entities), and (iii) a one-category trope-theory along these lines should be developed so that the tropes it postulates are able to serve as (...)
- Jan Morén, Emotion and Learning - A Computational Model of the Amygdala.The amygdala is a small subcortical structure that has long been implicated in the conditioning of fear and other emotions. It is heavily interconnected to a number of both cortical and subcortical structures and is thus well placed to integrate sensory inputs from multiple areas to produce emotional reactions directly as well as influence learning and attention systems. Data suggests that the amygdala works in close cooperation with the orbitofrontal cortex; the amygdala learns emotional reactions to stimuli, while the orbitofrontal (...)
- Johan Brännmark (2002). Morality and the Pursuit of Happiness: A Study in Kantian Ethics. Dissertation, Lund UniversityThis work seeks to develop a Kantian ethical theory in terms of a general ontology of values and norms together with a metaphysics of the person that makes sense of this ontology. It takes as its starting point Kant’s assertion that a good will is the only thing that has an unconditioned value and his accompanying view that the highest good consists in virtue and happiness in proportion to virtue. The soundness of Kant’s position on the value of the good (...)
- James M. Starr, Sharers in Divine Nature: 2 Peter 1:4 in Its Hellenistic Context.This book offers a theological study of an expression unique in biblical literature concerning the purpose of life: “that you might become sharers in divine nature” (2 Peter 1:4). Following an analysis of the text-immanent features in 2 Peter 1:1—11, the study delineates comparable notions of “sharers in divine nature” in selected writings that were current in the first century and contrasts these with 2 Peter. The comparative material includes the writings of the Old Testament, Josephus, Philo, Plutarch, Stoicism, Pauline (...)No categories
- Jane Mattisson, Knowledge and Survival in the Novels of Thomas Hardy.Abstract This thesis identifies two different kinds of knowledge in Thomas Hardy's novels: the everyday, passed on from generation to generation, which is non-academic and closely bound to the local environment and its traditions; and the specialised, recorded in the printed word, which is the product of formal education and independent of the local community and its traditions. These two kinds of epistemological competence determine one's ability to adapt and survive in a changing society. It is argued that everyday knowledge (...)
- Mikael Klintman, Nature and the Social Sciences: Examples From the Electricity and Waste Sectors.The book has two interrelated objectives. One objective is meta-theoretical and concerns the exploration of theoretical debates connected to issues of studying society and environmental problems; another objective is empirical/analytical, referring to the analysis of "green" public participation in the electricity and waste sectors in Sweden, and partly in the Netherlands as well as the UK. The metatheoretical part draws the conclusion that the ontology of critical realism, combined with a problem-subjectivist tenet, is a particularly fruitful basis for the social (...)
- Piotr Szybek, Staging Science. Some Aspects of the Production and Distribution of Science Knowledge.Abstract The dissertation presents a phenomenological view on the interaction between science knowledge and prescientific knowledge. Drawing on Husserl, Merleau-Ponty and Lévinas the human bodily grounded existence is described, the central feature of this existence being its responsivity to the Other. This responsivity is presented as the starting point for the production of science knowledge, thus making science knowledge always situated as knowledge-put-to-use. The presentation is using the metaphor of a "stage of events", which presents events as if staged on (...)
- Michael Ranta, Theories and Observations in the History of Art.No categories