OAI Archive: Lund University Publications

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Lund University Publications"

This set has the following status: partial.
  1. Fritz-Anton Fritzson (forthcoming). Good, Good For, and Good Relative To: Relative and Relational in Value Theory. Philosophy:1-13.
    This paper discusses how we are to understand claims to the effect that something is good relative to a person. It is argued that goodness relative to should not be equated with good for as the latter is a relational value notion and the former is a value theoretical notion. It is argued further that good relative to a person should be understood as good from the perspective or the point of view of the person. But this analysis of the (...)
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  2. Jana Holsanova, Quotations as a Vehicle for Social Positioning.
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  3. Jana Holsanova, Kenneth Holmqvist & Nils Holmberg, Reading Information Graphics: The Role of Spatial Proximity and Dual Attentional Guidance.
    In a naturalistic newspaper reading study, two pairs of information graphics have been designed to study the effects of a) the spatial contiguity principle and b) the dual scripting principle by means of eye tracking measurements. Our data clearly show that different spatial layouts have a significant effect on readers’ eye movement behaviour. An integrated format with spatial contiguity between text and illustrations facilitates integration. Reading of information graphics is moreover significantly enhanced by a serial format, resulting from dual attentional (...)
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  4. George Masterton, Erik J. Olsson & Staffan Angere, Linking as Voting : How the Condorcet Jury Theorem in Political Science is Relevant to Webometrics.
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  5. Aténé Mendelyté, The Filmic Century/Centuries of the Mind: Tracing the Beginnings of the Subjective Cinema.
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  6. Henrik Thorén & Line Breian (forthcoming). Stepping Stone or Stumbling Block? Mode 2 Knowledge Production in Sustainability Science. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences.
    The concept of Mode 2 was developed in order to further our understanding of processes of knowledge production taking place between and beyond disciplinary structures and “in a context of application”. The concept has often been seen as especially applicable to fields addressing grand challenges, such as cli- mate change, poverty eradication, and global health. Being a relatively new field—interdisciplinary in its approach, and focused on addressing such issues—sustainability science would appear to be a case in point. The aim of (...)
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  7. Wlodek Rabinowicz & Gustaf Arrhenius, The Value of Existence.
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  8. Ingar Brinck, Vasudevi Reddy & Dan Zahavi, The Primacy of the We?
    The question of the relation between the collective and the individual has had a long but patchy history within both philosophy and psychology. In this chapter we consider some arguments that could be adopted for the primacy of the we, and examine their conceptual and empirical implications. We argue that the we needs to be seen as a developing and dynamic identity, not as something that exists fully fledged from the start. The concept of we thus needs more nuanced and (...)
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  9. Ingar Brinck, Review of Campbell: Reference and Consciousness. [REVIEW]
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  10. Igor Volzhanin, Ulrike Hahn, Martin Jönsson & Erik J. Olsson, Individual Belief Revision Dynamics in a Group Context.
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  11. Peter J. Collins, Ulrike Hahn, Ylva von Gerber & Erik J. Olsson, The Bi-Directional Relationship Between Source Characteristics and Message Content.
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  12. Lena Halldenius, On the Use and Abuse of History in Philosophy of Human Rights.
    History plays an important role in the philosophy of human rights, more so than in philosophical discussions on related concepts, such as justice. History tends to be used in order to make it credible that there is a tradition of rights as a moral idea, or an ethical ideal, that transcends national boundaries. In the example that I investigate in this chapter, this moral idea is tightly spun around the moral dignity of the human person. There has been a shift (...)
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  13. Lena Halldenius, Representation in Mary Wollstonecraft’s Political Philosophy.
    For Mary Wollstonecraft, the moral purpose of government is to act on the principle of equality and protect the weak against the fact of inequality. The political day-to-day is characterized by classes and groups with competing interests, some more powerful than others. Wollstonecraft was a republican thinker and so it is reasonable to expect in her writings a notion of political society as representative, but how? After placing Wollstonecraft in relation to contemporary republicanism, we can see that Wollstonecraft’s notion of (...)
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  14. Lena Halldenius, Mary Wollstonecraft and Freedom as Independence.
    Halldenius argues that we should regard Mary Wollstonecraft as a feminist republican, drawing out the implications of reading her in that way for the meaning and role of freedom in Wollstonecraft’s philosophy. Her republicanism directs our attention to the fact that freedom for Wollstonecraft is conceptualized in terms of independence, importantly in two analytically distinct yet heavily interdependent ways. There is a long philosophical tradition of treating moral freedom as an internal phenomenon, as an aspect of freedom of the will. (...)
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  15. Martin Gunnarson, Please Be Patient : A Cultural Phenomenological Study of Haemodialysis and Kidney Transplantation Care.
    This thesis examines the practice of haemodialysis and kidney transplantation, the two medical therapies available for persons with kidney failure, from a phenomenological perspective. A basic assumption made in the thesis is that contemporary biomedicine is deeply embedded in the cultural, historical, economic, and political circumstances provided by the particular local, national, and transnational contexts in which it is practiced. The aim of the thesis is twofold. On the one hand, the aim is to examine the forms of person- and (...)
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  16. Jana Holsanova, Nils Jörgensen & Kenneth Holmqvist, Ways of Treating Ethnic Categories in Everyday Discourse.
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  17. Lucian Bagiu, Writing in Deconstruction Vs Speech in Structuralism.
    Speech is already in itself a writing. Any concept that is to name, to stay for the abstract or concrete reality is made up of a mental trace. There is always a sleepy-waiting yet ever present trace at the origin of the representation and the naming of any ontological phenomenon. The trace is itself The apriori ontology – and this is how writing is pre-eminent to the later formal verbalization of any already traced concept of any abstract or concrete phenomenon (...)
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  18. Max Liljefors & Lila Lee-Morrison, Mapped Bodies : Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts.
    “Mapped Bodies: Notes on the Use of Biometrics in Geopolitical Contexts” examines the role played by automated biometric technologies in migration control and in the so-called war on terror. Biometric methods such as automated fingerprint identification, iris scanning and facial recognition record microscopic bodily characteristics, computes patterns from them, and matches those patterns against already existing records in super-national databases. These technologies, we argue, are a telling example of a recasting of the relations between the body and state power, in (...)
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  19. Patrizio Lo Presti, An Ecological Approach to Normativity.
    It is argued that normativity is an embodied and situated skill that resists explanation in terms of rule-following. Norms are dynamic and negotiable, and are understood in practice by engaging with others. Rules are a subclass of norms and have pragmatic functions, e.g. to impose norms and elucidate implicit normativity. The propositional articulation of norms is secondary to normativity. Norms can be explained within the framework of ecological psychology as a particular kind of affordance that enables actions to be directly (...)
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  20. Ingar Brinck, Vasu Reddy & Dan Zahavi, The Primacy of the We?
    How should we conceive of the foundations of sociality? A much debated question concerns whether it is concrete interpersonal encounters or the existence of a primitive plural self, a we, which constitutes the basis for joint action and intending together. A related question concerns whether intersubjectivity or the sharing of a common world is more fundamental for making sense of the notions of joint agency and collective intentionality. In other words, to use locutions employed by classical phenomenologists, is ‘being-for-others’ or (...)
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  21. Ingar Brinck, Investigating the Development of Creativity : The Sahlin Hypothesis.
    How should the development of creativity be approached? Many accounts of children’s creativity focus on the relation between creativity and pretend play, placing make-believe and the mental exploration of possible scenarios about the world at the fore. Often divergent thinking and story-telling are used to measure creativity with fluency, originality, and flexibility as indicators. I will argue that the strong focus on conceptual processes and higher-order thought leaves procedural forms of creativity in the dark and hinders a proper investigation of (...)
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  22. Aron Sjöblad, Metaphorical Coherence : Studies in Seneca's Epistulae Morales.
    Earlier research has treated the metaphors and similes in Seneca’s Epistulae Morales too much as separate units. In this study, Dr Aron Sjöblad argues that we rather ought to concentrate on the way they interact with each other. In the first chapter, Sjöblad demonstrates that a single source domain, the human body, unites many of the metaphors that have been treated as distinct groups in earlier research. In chapter two, it is showed that the Stoic idea of a psychological defense (...)
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  23. Jonnie Eriksson, Diffractions of the Digital : Godard and the Kinetics of the History-Image.
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  24. Lars Lindahl & David Reidhav, Conflict of Legal Norms: Definition and Varieties.
    As emphasized by Jeremy Bentham and the analytical school, logical consistency is a requirement for rational legislation. For understanding consistency between norms, a logical scrutiny of normative conflicts is needed. In our paper, a framework for the fine structure of such conflicts is introduced and explained. “Normative conflict” is defined relative the framework and different types of conflict distinguished. The framework consists of a formal language in which norms of a legal system can be represented, accompanied by a set of (...)
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  25. Charlotte Hommerberg & Carita Paradis, Constructing Credibility Through Representations in the Discourse of Wine: Evidentiality, Temporality and Epistemic Control.
    This study investigates the relationship between evidentiality, temporality and epistemic control through detailed interpretive analysis of wine reviews written by Robert Parker, whose outstanding authority in this particular discourse field provides an exceptionally fruitful backdrop for the exploration of credibility in discourse. The material consists of 200 entire reviews, which are divided into units based on differences in temporality, evidentiality and modes of knowing. The analysis takes into consideration linguistic markers realized in the texts as well as implicitness that emanates (...)
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  26. Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Intrinsic and Extrinsic Value.
    The distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic value has given rise to a batch of fundamental questions concerning the very nature, importance and coherence of our core value concepts. Section I outlines an approach to the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic value that has taxonomical advantages. Recent work has alerted us to the fact that the traditional way of explicating extrinsic value, as simply non-intrinsic value, leads to the conflation of a number of very different kinds of value. Section 2 contains (...)
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  27. Wlodek Rabinowicz & Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Value Taxonomy.
    The paper presents main conceptual distinctions underlying much of modern philosophical thinking about value. The introductory Section 1 is followed in Section 2 by an outline of the contrast between non-relational value and relational value. In Section 3, the focus is on the distinction between final and non-final value as well as on different kinds of final value. In Section 4, we consider value relations, such as being better/worse/equally good/on a par. Recent discussions suggest that we might need to considerably (...)
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  28. Erik J. Olsson (forthcoming). Engel Vs. Rorty on Truth. Synthese:1-18.
    My concern in this paper is a debate between Pascal Engel and Richard Rorty documented in the book What’s the Use of Truth? Both Engel and Rorty problematize the natural suggestion that attaining truth is a goal of our inquiries. Where Rorty thinks this means that truth is not something we should aim for at all over and beyond justification, Engel maintains that truth still plays a distinct role in our intellectual and daily lives. Thus, the debate between Engel and (...)
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  29. Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen, Locating Value in Moral Progress.
    The endeavour to locate value in moral progress faces various substantive as well as more formal challenges. This paper focuses on challenges of the latter kind. After some preliminaries, Section 3 introduces two general kinds of “evaluative moral progress-claims”, and outlines a possible novel analysis of a descriptive notion of moral progress. While Section 4 discusses certain logical features of betterness in light of recent work in value theory which are pertinent to the notion of moral progress, Sections 5 and (...)
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  30. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Review of F.P. Ramsey Notes on Philosophy, Probability and Mathematics. [REVIEW]
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  31. Josefine Fischer, Knowledge Compromise? Ways and Values of Coproduction in Academia.
    This thesis deals with the colonisation of the university by market forces. The object of inquiry is coproduction of academic knowledge between academic and non-academic actors in newly established universities and university colleges in Sweden. The development of knowledge as a main competitive advantage for commercial companies, and the shift in policies accompanying this development, provides an explanation for the introduction of market mechanisms into the governance of university research. The main contribution of the thesis, however, is the analyses of (...)
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  32. Johannes Persson & Annika Wallin, The Distinction Between Internal and External Validity.
    Researchers often aim to make correct inferences both about that which is actually studied and about what the results generalize to. The language of internal and external validity is not used by everyone, but many of us would agree that intuitively the distinction makes a lot of sense. Two claims are commonly made with respect to internal and external validity. The first is that internal validity is prior to external validity since there is nothing to generalize if the findings obtained (...)
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  33. Lennart Olsson, Anne Jerneck, Henrik Thorén, Johannes Persson & David O. Byrne, Why Resilience is Unappealing to Social Science : Theoretical and Empirical Investigations of the Scientific Use of Resilience.
    Resilience is often promoted as a boundary concept to integrate the social and natural dimensions of sustainability. However, it is a troubled dialogue from which social scientists may feel detached. To explain this, we first scrutinize the meanings, attributes, and uses of resilience in ecology and elsewhere to construct a typology of definitions. Second, we analyze core concepts and principles in resilience theory that cause disciplinary tensions between the social and natural sciences. Third, we provide empirical evidence of the asymmetry (...)
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  34. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Morally Robust Decisions.
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  35. Alexander Bareis, Fictional Truth, Principles of Generation, and Interpretation. Or: Why It is Fictionally True That Tony Soprano Was Shot Dead.
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  36. Nils-Eric Sahlin, The Risks of Ignorance.
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  37. Nils-Eric Sahlin & Wlodek Rabinowicz, The Evidentiary Value Model.
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  38. Roberta Colonna Dahlman (forthcoming). Did People in the Middle Ages Know That the Earth Was Flat? Acta Analytica.
    The goal of this paper is to explore the presuppositionality of factive verbs, with special emphasis on the verbs know and regret. The hypothesis put forward here is that the factivity related to know and the factivity related to regret are two different phenomena, as the former is a semantic implication that is licensed by the conventional meaning of know, while the latter is a purely pragmatic phenomenon that arises conversationally. More specifically, it is argued that know is factive in (...)
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  39. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Value-Changes, and Creativity.
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  40. Nils-Eric Sahlin, On the Philosophical Relations Between Ramsey and Wittgenstein.
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  41. Nils-Eric Sahlin, F.P. Ramsey.
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  42. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Göran Hermerén & Jonas Josefsson, Ethical Aspects of Valuing Lives.
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  43. Björn Sjödén, What Makes Good Educational Software?
    This thesis investigates educational software: computer software applications which serve to support teachers and improve learning outcomes for students. It aims to delineate the field of educational technology research as an interdisciplinary field and exemplify some of the methods used for approaching the many research questions that arise from asking what makes good educational software. The overarching purpose is two-fold: to perform a critical examination of what makes educational software effective for learning ; to reflect how cognitive science can contribute (...)
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  44. Artur Nilsson, Disentangling the Holism of Intentional Systems From the Interactionism of Mechanistic Systems in Person-Oriented Research.
    A key assumption in the person-oriented approach is that a person must be understood as a complex, integrated system, represented by patterns of within-person variation rather than scores on separate variables. The term ‘system’ does, however, have multiple meanings, which are not clearly distinguished in the person-oriented literature. I try to disentangle causal interactionism, which describes the psychological consequences and functions of each component of the system as dependent upon its causal interaction with other system components, from content holism, which (...)
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  45. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Baconian Inductivism in Research on Human Decision Making.
    The paper discusses the pros and cons of inductive research methods. It is argued that, despite the profusion of good arguments against this scientific strategy, it is frequently employed, for example in psychology. A case probe taken from the realm of cognitive psychology is used as an illustration.
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  46. Nils-Eric Sahlin, On Epistemic Risk and Outcome Risk in Criminal Cases.
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  47. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Weight of the Value of Knowledge.
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  48. Ingar Brinck, Developing an Understanding of Social Norms and Games : Emotional Engagement, Nonverbal Agreement, and Conversation.
    The first part of the article examines some recent studies on the early development of social norms that examine young children’s understanding of codified rule games. It is argued that the constitutive rules than define the games cannot be identified with social norms and therefore the studies provide limited evidence about socio-normative development. The second part reviews data on children’s play in natural settings that show that children do not understand norms as codified or rules of obligation, and that the (...)
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  49. Philip Pärnamets, Observing and Influencing Preferences in Real Time. Gaze, Morality and Dynamic Decision-Making.
    Preference formation and choice are dynamic cognitive processes arising from interactions between decision-makers and their immediate choice environment. This thesis examines how preferences and decisions are played out in visual attention, captured by eye-movements, as well as in group contexts. Papers I-II make use of the Choice Blindness paradigm. Paper I compares participants’ eye movements and pupil dilation over the course of a trial when participants detect and fail to detect the false feedback concerning their choices. Results indicate objective markers (...)
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  50. Karol Nowak, Alexandra Molitorisová & Ciarán Burke, SURVEILLE Deliverable D5.7 Proposal of a Training Course for Law Enforcement.
    In recent decades, information technology has enjoyed an ever-increasing degree of influence upon society. The use of technology has proliferated, bleeding into all human activities, and now extends into the most private activities of individuals. Unfortunately the perpetrators of serious crimes have not missed the revolution. Technology has marked off many working terrains including that of serious crime prevention, investigation and prosecution, but it offers no guidance regarding its consequences outside this terrain for individuals or society as a whole. Training (...)
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  51. Robin Stenwall, From Logical Positivism Back to Bishop Berkeley.
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  52. Robin Stenwall, Are Belief Reports Made True Internally?
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  53. Robin Stenwall, Causal Grounds for Negative Truths.
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  54. Robin Stenwall, Explanatory Grounds.
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  55. Robin Stenwall, To Ground Truth and to Explain Truth.
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  56. Peter Gärdenfors & Nils-Eric Sahlin, Introduction : Bayesian Decision Theory, Foundations and Problems.
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  57. Nils-Eric Sahlin, The Significance of Empirical Evidence for Developments in the Foundations of Decision Theory.
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  58. Patrizio Lo Presti (2015). Reasons, Awareness, and We‐Agency. Philosophical Forum 46 (4):341-362.
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  59. Robin Stenwall, Where Essence and Modality Coincides.
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  60. Robin Stenwall, Shoemaker Revisited.
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  61. Nils-Eric Sahlin, On Knowledge and Evidence.
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  62. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Levels of Aspiration and Risk.
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  63. Asger Kirkeby-Hinrup, How Choice Blindness Vindicates Wholeheartedness.
    Recently the account of free will proposed by Harry Frankfurt has come under attack. It has been argued that Frankfurt’s notion of wholeheartedness is in conflict with prevalent intuitions about free will and should be abandoned. I will argue that empirical data from choice blindness experiments can vindicate Frankfurt’s notion of wholeheartedness. The choice blindness phenomenon exposes that individuals fail to track their own decisions and readily take ownership of, and confabulate reasons for, decisions they did not make. Traditionally this (...)
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  64. Erik J. Olsson, The Generality Problem Naturalized.
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  65. Sebastian Enqvist & Erik J. Olsson, Segerberg on the Paradoxes of Introspective Belief Change.
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  66. George Masterton & Erik J. Olsson, Argumentation and Belief Updating in Social Networks: A Bayesian Approach.
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  67. Erik J. Olsson, Introduction: The Pragmatism of Isaac Levi.
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  68. Nils-Eric Sahlin & Robert Goldsmith, The Role of Second-Order Probabilities in Decision Making.
    The importance, legitimacy and role of second-order probabilities are discussed. Two descriptive models of the use of second-order probabilities in decisions are presented. The results of two empirical studies of the effects of second-order probabilities upon the rank orderings of bets are summarized briefly. The bets were of three basic types and involved a wide variety of first- and second-order probabilities as subjectively assessed by the subjects. Support was obtained for the assumption that the majority of subjects make use of (...)
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  69. Peter Gärdenfors & Nils-Eric Sahlin, Decision Making with Unreliable Probabilities.
    This paper presents a decision theory which allows subjects to account for the uncertainties of their probability estimates. This is accomplished by modelling beliefs about states of nature by means of a class of probability measures. In order to represent uncertainties of those beliefs a measure of epistemic reliability is introduced. The suggested decision theory is evaluated in the light of empirical evidence on ambiguity and uncertainty in decision making. The theory is also compared to Tversky & Kahneman's prospect theory.
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  70. Nils-Eric Sahlin, On Second Order Probabilities and the Notion of Epistemic Risk.
    Second or higher order probabilities have commonly been viewed with scepticism by those working within the realm of probability and decision theory. The aim of the present note is to show how the notion of second order probabilities can add to our understanding of judgmental and decision processes and how the traditional framework of Bayesian decision theory can be extended in a fruitful way by taking such entities into account. Section one consists of a brief account of arguments put forth (...)
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  71. Nils-Eric Sahlin, Preference Among Preferences as a Method for Obtaining a Higher Ordered Metric Scale.
    A method is presented for collecting data which yield a scale on which the entities are ranked in preference and all combinations of value distances are ranked. The method is based on the concept of secondary preference, i.e. preference among preferences. This method is compared with a classical method based on 50–50 game comparison. Two empirical studies are presented. The first examines whether both methods yield the same ordering of value distances. The second involves empirical derivation of a higher-ordered metric (...)
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  72. Staffan Angere & Erik J. Olsson, Network Density and Group Competence in Scientific Communication.
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  73. Erik J. Olsson, Reliabilism as Explicating Knowledge: A Sketch of an Account.
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  74. Erik J. Olsson, A Bayesian Simulation Model of Group Deliberation and Polarization.
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  75. Erik J. Olsson, Answers to 5 Questions in Social Epistemology.
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  76. Staffan Angere, Erik J. Olsson & Emmanuel Genot, Inquiry and Deliberation in Judicial Systems : The Problem of Jury Size.
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  77. Erik J. Olsson, Barcan Marcus on Belief and Rationality.
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  78. Erik J. Olsson, Bayesian Epistemology.
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  79. Stefan Schubert & Erik J. Olsson, Coherence and Reliability in Judicial Reasoning.
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  80. George Masterton, The Only Probability is Verbal Probability.
    In 1977 van Fraassen showed convincingly, and in detail, how one can give a dissentive answer to the question `[a]re there necessities in nature?'. In this paper I follow his lead and show in a similar fashion and detail, how it is possible to give a dissentive answer to: Are there probabilities in nature? This is achieved by giving a partial analysis—with the aid of Kaplanian pragmatics—of objective chance in terms of that credence that is reasonable where prevailing laws and (...)
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  81. Zoé Christoff & Jens Ulrik Hansen, A Two-Tiered Formalization of Social Influence.
    We propose a new dynamic hybrid logic to reason about social networks and their dynamics building on the work of “Logic in the Community” by Seligman, Liu and Girard. Our framework distinguishes between the purely private sphere of agents, namely their mental states, and the public sphere of their observable behavior, i.e., what they seem to believe. We then show how such a distinction allows our framework to model many social phenomena, by presenting the case of pluralistic ignorance as an (...)
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  82. Marcus Agnafors, Quality of Government and the Treatment of Immigrants.
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  83. Justine Jacot, The Double Disjunction Task as a Coordination Problem.
    In this paper I present the double disjunction task as introduced by Johnson-Laird. This experiment is meant to show how mental model theory explains the discrepancy between logical competence and logical performance of individuals in deductive reasoning. I review the results of the task and identify three problems in the way the task is designed, that all fall under a lack of coordination between the subject and the experimenter, and an insufficient representation of the semantic/pragmatic interface. I then propose a (...)
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  84. Kristina Blennow, Johannes Persson, Margarida Tome & Marc Hanewinkel, Climate Change: Believing and Seeing Implies Adapting.
    Knowledge of factors that trigger human response to climate change is crucial for effective climate change policy communication. Climate change has been claimed to have low salience as a risk issue because it cannot be directly experienced. Still, personal factors such as strength of belief in local effects of climate change have been shown to correlate strongly with responses to climate change and there is a growing literature on the hypothesis that personal experience of climate change explains responses to climate (...)
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  85. Victoria Höög & Max Liljefors, Editorial: The Image in Science : Responses of the Humanities to Visualism in Science.
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  86. Martin Jönsson & James Hampton, The Modifier Effect in Within-Category Induction: Default Inheritance in Complex Noun Phrases.
    Within-category induction is the projection of a generic property from a class to a subtype of that class. The modifier effect refers to the discovery reported by Connolly et al., that the subtype statement tends to be judged less likely to be true than the original unmodified sentence. The effect was replicated and shown to be moderated by the typicality of the modifier. Likelihood judgements were also found to correlate between modified and unmodified versions of sentences. Experiment 2 elicited justifications, (...)
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  87. Christer Garbis, Spatial Representation and Haptic Mental Rotation.
    In this paper it is argued that it is legitimate to talk about mental imagery, and thus, to claim that spatial information is coded in an analogue mode. Evidence from research with blind people indicate that they can perform mental rotation and that analogue spatial cognition does not depend on visual information. It is therefore proposed that, if the blind can perform mental rotation in an analogue mode, there exists a common mode, for processing spatial information, which is not modality (...)
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  88. Mikael Johannesson, Modelling Asymmetric Similarity with Prominence.
    This paper aims to introduce and discuss a geometrically based model, the relative prominence model, which is inspired by Tversky's finding that a factor behind asymmetric similarity seems to be the "relative prominence". The model proposes that the experienced directed similarity from I to J is proportional to some symmetric similarity measure between I and J, and the quotient between the "prominences" for J and I. Analysis of empirical data from different areas shows that it is possible for a procedure (...)
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  89. Benjamin Mark, Tudor Berechet, Tobias Mahlmann & Julian Togelius, Procedural Generation of 3D Caves for Games on the GPU.
    Procedural Content Generation in Games is a thriv- ing field of research and application. Recent presented ex- amples range from levels, stories and race tracks to complete rulesets for games. However, there is not much research to date on procedural 3D modeling of caves, and similar en- closed natural spaces. In this paper, we present a modular pipeline to procedurally generate underground caves in real- time, to be used as part of larger landscapes in game worlds. We propose a three (...)
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  90. Astrid Kander, Magnus Jiborn, Daniel Moran & Thomas Wiedmann, National Greenhouse-Gas Accounting for Effective Climate Policy on International Trade.
    National greenhouse-gas accounting should reflect how countries’ policies and behaviours affect global emissions. Actions that contribute to reduced global emissions should be credited, and actions that increase them should be penalized. This is essential if accounting is to serve as accurate guidance for climate policy. Yet this principle is not satisfied by the two most common accounting methods. Production-based accounting used under the Kyoto Protocol does not account for carbon leakage — the phenomenon of countries reducing their domestic emissions by (...)
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  91. Christian Dahlman, Farhan Sarwar, Rasmus Bååth, Lena Wahlberg & Sverker Sikström, The Effect of Imprecise Expressions in Argumentation-Theory and Experimental Results.
    We investigate argumentation where an expression is substituted with a less precise expression. We propose that the effect that this deprecization has on the audience be called deprecization effect. When the audience agrees more with the less precise version of the argument, there is a positive deprecization effect. We conducted an experiment where the participants were presented with a court room scenario. The results of the experiment confirm the following hypothesis: If the participants find it hard to agree with the (...)
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  92. Jonas Lundblad, Theomusical Subjectivity – Schleiermacher and the Transcendence of Immediacy.
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  93. Erik Hedling, Ambiguity in Characterization and Performance: Revisiting 1960s Auteur Cinema.
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  94. Jan Magnusson, Tibetan Refugees as Objects of Development: Indian Development Philosophy and Refugee Resistance in the Establishment of Lukzung Samdrupling, the First Tibetan Refugee Settlement in India.
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  95. Victoria Höög, Visualizing the World. Epistemic Strategies in the History of Scientific Illustrations.
    The history of scientific illustrations is a story that correspond the cultural, economic, political and scientific history of the world. A look into the history of sciences displays that pictures and illustrations had a decisive role for the sciences progressive success and rising societal status from the sixteenth century. The illustrations visualized the unknown to graspable facts. Without the pictures the new discovered continents, the blood circulatory system and the body’s muscles had remained theoretical proclamations. The scientific discoveries became visible (...)
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  96. Artur Nilsson & John T. Jost, Tomkins' Polarity Theory and the Differences Between Humanism and Normativism.
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  97. Andreas Westergren, Sketching the Invisible : Patterns of Church and City in Theodoret of Cyrrhus' Philotheos Historia.
    The fundamental question in this work concerns the ideal relation between asceticism and society in a 5th c. writing, the Philotheos Historia, written in elaborate Greek by the learned bishop of Cyrrhus, Theodoret. This collection of saints’ stories tells about the lives of a number of ascetics who lived in the Eastern part of the Roman Empire, many of them close to Antioch. As these narratives are analysed in this study, the story about the individual saint evokes philosophical and theological (...)
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  98. Paul Nesbitt-Larking & Catarina Kinnvall, The Discursive Frames of Political Psychology.
    The aim of this article is to apply elements of contemporary social theory to the major theoretical, methodological, and ideological divisions across political psychology and to consider both the origins and the impact of a range of theories and models. In so doing, we clarify some of the complexity surrounding the discursive and cultural origins of political psychology. On the basis of this analysis, we aim to overcome the redundant binaries and dualismsboth conceptual and geo-spatialthat have characterized the field up (...)
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  99. Etzel Cardeña, Beyond Plato? Toward a Science of Alterations of Consciousness.
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  100. Etzel Cardeña, Qualitative Research on Anomalous Experience: Between Borges and a Hard Place….
    With the help of the Argentine writer Borges, I will illustrate the absurdity of assuming that science may either grasp reality fully or convey it through abstractions. My departing point is that every methodological perspective has something to contribute to our attempts to elucidate anomalous experiences, and that the extremes of “realness” or abstraction lead to fallacies. The articles in this issue exhibit a different array of methods that clearly advance our understanding of anomalous experiences and the historical and social (...)
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