OAI Archive: Scholarworks@GVSU

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Scholarworks@GVSU"

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  1. Patrick D. Anderson, Capitalism and the Science of History: Appleby, Marx, and Postmodernism.
    Joyce Appleby has written an extensive amount on the origins and development of capitalism, but her work is influenced by her belief that history is a science with at least some objectivity. She rejects Marxism as a relic of past historians with naïve beliefs about finding the laws of nature, but she also rejects postmodern criticisms of history because they undermine any chance for objectivity. Appleby believes the historian can be objective even if politics necessarily colors his or her work. (...)
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  2. Philip Snyder, The Master and Margarita: The Writer's Plight.
    This paper examines Mikhail Bulgakov's uses of metaphor and symbolic imagery to criticize the Soviet government's treatment of writers and artists in his novel, The Master and Margarita. Through his characters, Bulgakov demonstrates the suppressive conditions of the Soviet literary world and provides a unique perspective into the Russian soul.
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  3. Andrew Kuck, Social Commentary in Northanger Abbey.
    This paper attempts to analyze the social commentary of Jane Austen's early novel, Northanger Abbey. Austen had the rare ability to observe temporary customs of her age and see in them that which was universal. Her perception cuts through culture and identifies the human characteristics that underlie culture. Austen uses the actions of her characters to portray her perception of humanity. This paper reduces those character actions to ideas. Furthermore, those ideas lead to an overall ethic that evolves from Austen's (...)
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  4. Carly Crookston & Jessica Dick, The Form of the Story: How Literature Shapes Readers.
    This panel will explore the conventions of books less frequently analyzed in classrooms and often overlooked by the scholarly world: young adult literature. Such undervalued literature often becomes the foundation for an individual's lifelong readership, therefore increasing the significance of children's and young adult literature in relation to its audience. We will be merging a comprehensive study of young adult literature with a specific application to rewritten fairy tales within that genre in order to prove the value of good young (...)
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  5. Ashley Moore, The Function of Food in Latin American Literature.
    In literary work, readers can recognize certain devices employed by the author to reflect on the human condition. Through these literary devices, the author can express creativity, emotion, history, politics, or problems of gender and race. One of these themes is food, because it can embody part of a culture and community through its artistic representations. In my proposal, I will analyze the function of food as a metaphor, establishing comparisons in four Latin American narratives: "Leccion de comida" (1971) by (...)
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  6. Nick Macksood, Catherine Morland Grows Up.
    "Catherine Morland Grows Up" chronicles the journey of the heroine of Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey, Catherine Morland, specifically her trials and the circumstances which she experiences in order to develop into a mature young woman. The essay delves into the sources of Catherine's immaturity and the negative consequences that result as well as the turning point which results in Catherine's recognition scene that leads to her enlightenment that begins the gradual development of her conscious. My essay (and the novel) describes (...)
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  7. Nicholas Maki, Beyond Pleasure: Plato and the Good.
    In Republic IX, Plato claims that the philosopher would live the most pleasant life, learning being the greatest pleasure. However, Plato is not explicit as to what the life of an accomplished philosopher would be like. Some have posited that the philosopher, once he has acquired knowledge of the good, continually relearns it, experiencing residual pleasure in this. While this approach works for ordinary pieces of knowledge, Plato's description of the nature of the good puts it in another class. Looking (...)
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  8. Ashley Falllon, Bulgakov's Two Devils.
    The devil is a prominent figure in two of Mikhail Bulgakov's works, the well-known novel The Master and Margarita and the earlier and lesser-known Diaboliad. Although in each the devil visits Soviet-era Moscow and interacts with a number of Muscovites, despite similarities in motif and theme, The Master and Margarita and its devil do not simply reexamine the ideas found in the earlier work. The two devils portray two uniquely different manifestations of the devil. Woland, the refined and relatively intellectual (...)
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  9. Tyler Steimle, Illusion, Morality, and Reality in The Master and Margarita.
    This inquiry into the Stalinist-era Soviet novel, The Master and Margarita, tries to establish and examine a link between its title characters and its author's real-life experience. Questions concerning morality and ethics emerge as a consequence of close analysis. Bulgakov's literary use of illusion, metaphysics, and the surreal to express his worldview, in essence, helps us to understand the extremes of Soviet censorship and totalitarianism in the 1930s.
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  10. Timothy Schilling, Oedipa and 'Agency Panic' in The Crying of Lot 49.
    Oedipa Maas' search for the meaning behind Tristero makes her anxious and paranoid about her reality. This paranoia and anxiety is brought upon by the ubiquitous influence of major corporations, mostly through mass media. Timothy Melley describes the paranoia and anxiety of postwar authors as symptomatic of what he refers to as agency panic. Postwar authors skeptically interrogate Enlightenment notions of free will in postwar America, and fear that institutions control the everyday actions of individuals more than many might wish (...)
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  11. Kirsten Zeiter, On Essences and Concepts: The Nietzschean Model and Beauvoir's Account of Woman.
    A phenomenological approach to philosophy, criticized by some for analyzing only at the surface of the current state of affairs, is often contrasted with a genealogical approach, which is thought to look deeper for explanations. Friedrich Nietzsche's gives a genealogical account of the concept good in On the Genealogy of Morals, arguing for a shift in our understanding of the origins of the concept. In what is regarded as an opposing approach, Simone De Beauvoir gives a phenomenological account of woman (...)
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  12. Andy Sanford, Plato and Poetry: A New Interpretation.
    A widespread view of Plato's thought on poetry is that Plato was extremely hostile to poetry and that he wanted it banned from the state. It seems certain that Plato believed that poetry could corrupt the minds of the citizens and give them a false view of the gods. I explore what I think are three reasons for rejecting the ubiquitous view and accepting a more nuanced view of Plato's aesthetics. The use by Socrates in the REPUBLIC of a feverish (...)
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  13. Lily Guerrero, Prevost's Manon Lescaut and Her Transition to the Operatic Stage.
    Prevost's 1731 novel, L'Histoire du chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut, was a controversial publication during its time. While the title includes both des Grieux and Manon, the latter is the character of interest for most readers. Many composers have fallen in love with this dangerous literary figure and Manon's story has culminated in operas composed by Jules Massenet, Giacomo Puccini, Hans Werner Henze, and Daniel Auber. What is it about Manon that inspires composers to adapt Prevost's written word (...)
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  14. Barbara Jandernoa, Reading The Great Gatsby Through the Eyes of Nick Carraway.
    Nick Carraway, the narrator in F. Scott Fitzgerald's masterpiece The Great Gatsby, serves as a nuanced instrument for portraying the novel's characters and their interactions. His salient quality as a habitual listener allows them to open up to him, permitting the reader to get to know them through his eyes. Therefore, Nick's beliefs and perceptions shape the way that the personalities and interactions of his fellow characters appear to us. Nick lets us see Gatsby in a more complex light than (...)
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  15. Andy Sanford, Aldo Leopold's Land Ethic and the Great Lakes.
    Using Aldo Leopold's essay The Land Ethic I argue that Leopold's land ethic provides a consistent and dynamic paradigm for how we perceive and protect the natural environment. The land ethic implies that people interested in conservation must develop an understanding of what is necessary for conservation through experience with nature. Experiencing nature allows us to enter into a relationship with the land and develop sound judgment in our ecological decision-making. Invasive species have become an area of concern for ecologists, (...)
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  16. Madelyn O'Brien, An Analysis of the Narration in Jane Austen's "Northanger Abbey".
    This presentation explores the narrative personas of Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey and how the narration can affect the readers' perception of the illustrated events, characters, and society. It argues that there are two narrative voices; one voice makes opinionated comments directly to the reader and one voice relates the story objectively. The biased narrative persona can influence the readers and the impartial persona allows readers to gather their own conclusions about events, characters, and society. Northanger Abbey demonstrates the importance of (...)
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  17. Daniel Rhode, A Puzzlement of Modern Myth: Orientalism in the Anna Leonowens' Story and Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I.
    Throughout human history and around the world, myths have arisen to carry on the values and stories of cultures. Many times these myths are inspired by extraordinary true events, but as time goes by, truth becomes secondary to storytelling. In Thailand, King Mongkut and King Chulalongkorn have been elevated to semi-deity status because of their role in modernizing Siam. A parallel myth has developed in the West around Anna Leonowens, a Western teacher who taught in King Mongkut's court from 1862 (...)
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  18. Stephanie Wiltse, Beyond Gettysburg.
    Abraham Lincoln's Address at the Dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery” is one of the most well known speeches in American history. The implications of this speech, however, go far beyond simply consecrating the battleground. The address at Gettysburg functions, most importantly, as a call to American citizenry to continue the work which Union soldiers died performing on that Pennsylvania battleground. This directly called its immediate audience; however, it directly calls its twenty-first century audience as well. The painstaking work of (...)
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  19. Rebekah Nicholson, The Enlightenment and Its Effects on the Haitian Revolution of 1789-1804.
    Throughout history, revolutions have started because of new ideas that change thinking and disrupt the status quo. The Haitian Revolution of 1789-1804 is no exception. The Enlightenment ideas of equality for men and representative government were crucial to the insurrection. However, how did Enlightenment philosophy make its way to the Caribbean and influence the people to free themselves from their colonizer, France? One slave in particular was strongly influenced by Enlightenment ideas: Toussaint L’Ouverture, the leader of the revolution. Ultimately, the (...)
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  20. Bobbie Ann Rekis, Drowning the Constraints of Freedom: Schopenhauer's Freedom of the Will_ in Kate Chopin's _The Awakening.
    Although the overarching metaphor of The Awakening is the sea, it cannot be said that Edna’s victory lies in her death by drowning; instead, it lies in what she has made of her life. The novel tracks the evolution of her will. The will is the element of human nature that German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer calls the “thing-initself,” that which strives successfully against those constraints imposed by society. Edna desires to break through the chains of convention and constraint as she (...)
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