OAI Archive: Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Scientific Electronic Library Online - Brazil"
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- Ana Paula Paes de Paula, Beyond Paradigms in Organization Studies: The Circle of Epistemic Matrices.In this article, I present a sketch of a new proposition to guide organizational studies: the Cicle of Epistemic Matrices. Inspired by Thomas Kuhn and based on the thesis of paradigms' incommensurability, Gibson Burrell and Gareth Morgan drew the diagram of sociological paradigms, but its inclusion in the academy has encouraged a paradigms war. The Circle of Epistemic Matrices also provides an outline for the guidance of organizational studies, but it is based on Habermas and defends the thesis of cognitive (...)No categories
- Marisa Cosenza Rodrigues, Maíze Carla Costa Pelisson, Flávia Fraga Silveira, Nathalie Nehmy Ribeiro & Renata de Lourdes Miguel da Silva, Evaluation of Theory of Mind: A Study with Students From Public and Private Schools.This study assessed the development of the theory of mind in preschool children aged 4 and 5 years old, along with potential interactions among gender, age and whether children were from private or public schools. A total of 178 children participated in the study. After securing ethical compliance with applicable guidelines, we applied the Theory-of-Mind-Scale. There was no evidence of differences regarding gender . Differences were found in regard to age and whether students were from private or public schools . (...)No categories
- Daniel S. Lacerda, Overcoming Dichotomies Through Space: The Contribution of Dialectical Materialism to Organization Studies.One of the most debated choices in every social research design is the adoption of either a realist or an idealist worldview of sociological problems. As argued in this paper, this dichotomy can be bridged by the dialectical approach of historical space production according to Marxist traditions in human geography. Therefore, this paper explores the philosophical grounds of this debate and previous attempts to conciliate the dichotomy and finally proposes a rejection of this dichotomy by adopting the categories of ‘space’ (...)No categories
- Antonio Egidio Nardi, Rafael Christophe Freire, Sergio Machado, Adriana Cardoso Silva & Jose Alexandre Crippa, A Hundred-Year of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie) - 1913-2013: A Pivotal Book in the History of Psychiatry. [REVIEW]After a hundred-years of its publication, the Karl Jaspers' book, General Psychopathology, is still an indispensable book to psychiatrists and for all those who study psychopathology. It's a clear delineation of the phenomenological method for describing the symptoms of mental disorders that remains unmatched until nowadays. The book focuses on the relevance of phenomenological and hermeneutical methods in psychopathology. Although this work is grounded in the clinical thought and practices of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Jaspers' delineation of (...)
- Ulysses Paulino De Albuquerque, The Tragedy of the Common Reviewers: The Peer Review Process.The peer review process is the dominant system adopted in science to evaluate the quality of articles submitted for publication. Various social players are involved in this process, including authors, editors and reviewers. Much has been discussed about the need to improve the scientific quality of what is published. The main focus of these discussions has been the work of the authors. However, the editors and reviewers also fulfill an important role. In this opinion article, we discuss some proposals to (...)No categories
- Thales de Astrogildo E. Tréz, Animal Experimentation and Scientific Knowledge: A Thought Style?Animal experimentation, besides a research method extensively applied in the production of scientific knowledge, is also considered essential to science and with undeniable historical relevance in advances in human health. In this survey, a questionnaire was applied to a group of researchers involved with research based on non-animal models (n =18), and to another group involved with research based on animal models (n =18). The data analysis was grounded in Ludwik Fleck (1896 -1961) epistemological assumptions. The results suggested that there (...)
- Luis Satie, Law and Aesthetics: Critical Note.It is thought in the theory and philosophy of law, aimed at discussing the conditions of possibility of rapprochement between the art form and legal form. The text investigates, dialectically, the implications for the legal philosophy of the impossibility of such approximation, and the problems in a conservative approximation. It follows that: 1) would be a loss for a reason and therefore to legal philosophy, not to communicate between art and law; 2) the relationship between legal and aesthetic standards should (...)