OAI Archive: University of Brighton Repository

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "University of Brighton Repository"

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  1. Thomas-Bernard Kenniff & Ben Sweeting, There Is No Alibi in Designing: Responsibility and Dialogue in the Design Process.
    This paper explores a potential relation between architecture and ethics intrinsic to design processes when understood in terms of dialogue or conversation. We draw on separate but related research interests: one focused on the design process, especially the significance of drawing, and the other on the ethics of designing for the public realm, with reference to Bakhtinian dialogism. Our investigation concentrates on two aspects of the design process both of which can be thought of in terms of conversation – first, (...)
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  2. Rebecca Bramall, Book Review: Theories of Memory: A Reader. [REVIEW]
    A review of Theories of Memory: A Reader, edited by Michael Rossington and Anne Whitehead (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007).
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  3. N. H. Foxcroft, Shamanic Influences on Malcolm Lowry: East-West Connections.
    This paper investigates various psychological, psychogeographical, and anthropological forces - cultural, social, and linguistic – bearing on Malcolm Lowry’s works. With its focus on the influence of nineteenth-century Russian literature upon his creative mind, it examines East-West cross-cultural and historical factors and their implications for the ‘ascent of man’. It explores the impact of Sir James Frazer’s ethnographic research and of Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conquistador, upon Aztec civilization, as reflected in Lowry’s novel, Under the Volcano (1936-47), set in Mexico (...)
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  4. Bob Brecher, Complicity and Modularization: How Universities Were Made Safe for the Market.
    Education has always occupied a contradictory position in society, expected to ensure compliance and continuity and yet to encourage critique and renewal. Since the early 1980s, however, successive UK governments have directly mobilised education, and higher education in particular, as an ideological tool in the task of embedding neo-liberalism as ‘common sense’. Modularisation has been in the vanguard, first in the universities, more latterly at secondary level. The effect has been disastrous: here as elsewhere, choice has become depressingly fetishised; knowledge, (...)
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  5. Robert Brecher, Torture and the Ticking Bomb.
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  6. Robert Brecher, Transgenerational Obligations: 21st Century Germany and the Holocaust.
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  7. Robert Brecher, Do Intellectuals Have a Special Public Responsibility?
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  8. Bob Brecher, The Holocaust.
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  9. Michael Neu, The Fragility of Justified Warfare: A Comment on Steinhoff.
    In this essay I evaluate Uwe Steinhoff’s arguments for “The Moral Equality of Modern Combatants and the Myth of Justified War.” I introduce, and briefly explore, several ways of critiquing Steinhoff’s claim that combatants fighting on two sides of a war have an equal liberty-right to kill each other even if one side is fighting a justified war and the other is not. Moreover, I contend that Steinhoff’s thesis about the myth of justified war, despite being too strong, does not (...)
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  10. Nick Marshall, The Uncertain Ethics of Organisational Knowing: Meaning and Politics in the Pragmatist Tradition.
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  11. Nigel Foxcroft, From Russia to Eridanus: The Taoist Psychogeographic Ecosphere of Malcolm Lowry.
    In tracing the evolution of the cosmic consciousness of Malcolm Lowry (1909-57), a prominently significant English Modernist novelist and poet, this paper provides a multi-disciplinary, cross-cultural, intercontinental framework for analysing the influence of cultures and civilizations - both east and west – upon national identity, as expressed through literature. In its investigation of the material and spiritual domains of the Aztecs and Oaxacan Zapotecs, it considers anthropological, cultural, and ethnographic influences associated with pre-Columbian, Mesoamerican rituals. Hence, it scrutinizes the psychogeographic (...)
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  12. Irene Gammel & John Wrighton, “Arabesque Grotesque”: Toward a Theory of Dada Ecopoetics.
    While modernism and its avant-garde are often excluded from studies of environmental or ecological concerns, associated mostly with modern technologies, urban life and expanding media, this essay in contrast proposes that the arc that culminates in postmodern ecopoetics extends backwards to WWI-era Dada ecology. Using as a case study the body poetics of German-born New York Dada poet Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven, this study advances a theory of Dada ecopoetics, exploring a number of crucial themes such as a radical dismantling of (...)
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  13. Nigel Foxcroft, The Power of Non-Verbal Communication in J. M. Coetzee's Foe.
    J. M. Coetzee’s Foe (1986) has been heralded as a record of the trajectory of the English novel and as a postcolonial retelling of Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe (1719). It is also a testament both to the power and, ironically, to the latent limitations of language - language as an expression of truth and as the antithesis of silence. With the sleight-of-hand of a magician, the wordsmith is seen as being divinely inspired. Logocentrism is considered as a challenge to phonocentrism. (...)
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  14. Nigel Foxcroft, Psychogeographic Impact on Malcolm Lowry's Consciousness: From the Zapotec and Aztec Civilizations to Taoism.
    This paper provides an intercontinental, cross-cultural, multi-disciplinary framework for an analysis of the influence of cultures and civilizations - both east and west – upon literature and national identity. It investigates the evolution of the cosmic consciousness of the English Modernist novelist and poet, Malcolm Lowry (1909-57) by scrutinizing the psychogeographic and subconscious dimensions of the Mexican Day of the Dead Hispanic festival which he observed in Cuernavaca in 1936. In its analysis of the material and spiritual domains of both (...)
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  15. Rebecca Bramall, Dig for Victory! Anti-Consumerism, Austerity, and New Historical Subjectivities.
    In recent years, austerity-related discourses have become a popular means of imagining and promoting more sustainable living. This article situates the re-emergence of the slogan ‘dig for victory’ in the wider discursive formation of ‘anti-consumerism’, and explores the relationship between the ‘defetishizing’ qualities of commodity histories and the constitution of ethico-political consuming subjects. Following Laclau’s notion that a conversion of subjectivity results from persuasion, I suggest that the persuasiveness of ‘dig for victory’ lies in its insistence upon historical solutions to (...)
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  16. Nigel Foxcroft, Souls and Shamans in Space: The Cosmopolitan, Prismatic Psychology of Malcolm Lowry.
    In reinterpreting his vision of the world, this paper investigates international influences – especially Russian literary sources mentioned in his letters – on the multicultural, cosmic mindset of the English Modernist novelist, Malcolm Lowry (1909-57). It assesses the psychological, psychogeographic and ethnographic forces at work in his approach to Jacob Bronowski’s ensuing Ascent of Man. In doing so, it analyses how Aztec and Zapotec anthropological, shamanic, and cabbalistic factors impact upon a psychological reading of Under the Volcano (1936-47) and Dark (...)
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  17. G. McFee, Woolheim, Richard Arthur (1923-2003).
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  18. Graham McFee, Wollheim on Expression (and Representation).
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  19. Graham McFee, Right Reason: Searching for Truth in the Sport and Exercise Sciences.
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  20. Graham McFee, Art, Understanding and Historical Character: A Contribution to Analytic Aesthetics.
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  21. Graham Mcfee, Wittgenstein and the Arts: Understanding and Performing.
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  22. Graham McFee, Art, Essence and Wittgenstein.
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  23. Graham McFee, It's Not a Game: The Place of Philosophy in the Study of Sport.
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  24. Graham McFee, Ethical Considerations and Voluntary Informed Consent in Research in Sport.
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  25. Graham McFee, Cognitivism and Dance Experience.
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  26. Graham McFee, Artistic Value: Its Scope and Limits (and a Little Something About Sport).
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  27. Claudia Kappenberg, Exhausting the Screen.
    During the 2007 OSVD conference at Findhorn, Scotland a working group formulated a manifesto on screendance with the proposition that “through an accretion of images of bodies in motion, a larger truth may unfold’. Written a year later this paper revisits the manifesto and discusses its propositions in the light of André Lepecki’s recent publication Exhausting Dance. In accordance with Lepecki the paper draws on Sloterdijk’s notion of a kinetic excess of modernity and argues that current screendance practice colludes with (...)
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  28. Bob Brecher, The "Ticking Bomb": A Spurious Argument for Torture.
    The so-called ticking bomb is invoked by philosophers and lawyers trying to justify, on behalf of their political masters, the use of torture in extremis. I show that the scenario is spurious; and that the likely consequences of the use of interrogational torture in such cases are disastrous. Finally, I test the argument against a real case.
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  29. Bob Brecher, Academic Freedom.
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  30. Bob Brecher, Why Torture is Wrong.
    Even people who think torture is justified in certain circumstances regard it - to say the least - as undesirable, however necessary they think it is. So I approach the issue by analysing the extreme case where people such as Dershowitz, Posner and Walzer think torture is justified, the so-called ticking bomb scenario. And since the justification offered is always consequentialist - no one thinks that torture is in any way “good in itself” – I confine myself to consequentialist arguments. (...)
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  31. Bob Brecher, Pornography: Men Possessing Women. A Reassessment.
    For a few years in the 1980s, Andrea Dworkin’s Pornography: Men Possessing Women appeared to have changed the intellectual landscape – as well as some people’s lives. Pornography, she argued, not only constitutes violence against women; it constitutes also the main conduit for such violence, of which rape is at once the prime example and the central image. In short, it is patriarchy’s most powerful weapon. Given that, feminists’ single most important task is to deal with pornography. By the early (...)
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  32. Bob Brecher, The Politics of Humanism.
    This chapter argues against Frank Furedi’s urging of a ‘pre-political’ humanism. Having considered the possible bases of appeals to "human nature" as a starting-point for political claims, I argue that, unless we already have a pre-existent non- or anti-humanist commitment, the movement in appeals to "human nature" is from our philosophical/political commitment to our view of it. But since that is precisely what the call for a pre-political humanism opposes, it founders on two difficulties. First, in what sense might a (...)
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  33. Bob Brecher, 'In its Own Image': Neo-Liberalism and the Managerialist University.
    I argue that neo-liberalism requires a managerialist view of our universities; and to the extent that managerialism cannot be ameliorated, to that extent neo-liberalism signals the end of universities as places of learning. Rather than calling for “friendlier” management practice, we need to organise opposition by articulating and rallying around some vision of what the ends should be of the university, and which managing such an institution should therefore serve. Such a vision, whatever exactly its details might consist in, would (...)
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  34. Bob Brecher, Which Values and Whose?
    Fulford’s discussion of ‘values-based practice’ as a model for medical ethics is deeply puzzling. First, it remains unclear what exactly he takes values to be or how tyhey can be based in clinical skills. Second, his proposal does not make it clear whose values these are supposed to be. I conclude that his attempt in effect to take the morality out of ethics fails.
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  35. Bob Brecher, Torture: A Touchstone for Global Social Justice.
    This chapter considers the wider significance of torture, addressing the manner in which it represents a touchstone for any universalistic morality, and arguing that it offers a means of refuting any moral relativism, something that ties in closely with my long-term theoretical work in metaethics (eg Getting What You Want? A Critique of Liberal Morality (Routledge: London and New York, 1998; and ongoing work around the ultimate justification of morality). Since torture consists in the erasure of a person on the (...)
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  36. Bob Brecher, Tortue and the Ticking Bomb.
    We live in times when, as Conor Gearty has pointed out, ‘legal scholars in the US are being taken seriously when they float the idea of torture warrants as a reform to what they see as the unacceptably uncodified system of arbitrary torture that they believe currently prevails’. And he is right when he goes on to add that ‘This is like reacting to a series of police killings with proposals to reform the law on homicide so as to sanction (...)
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  37. Bob Brecher, Communitarianism: The Practice of Postmodern Liberalism.
    The chapter argues that communitarianism is the ‘postmodern bourgeois liberalism’ that Rorty, probably the leading avowedly epistemological, rather than political, or merely political, communitarian, describes himself as espousing. Proceeding by way of a detailed discussion of Philip Selznick’s definitive ‘Social Justice: a Communitarian Perspective’-- in which he seeks ‘to reaffirm, and to clarify if I can, the communitarian commitment to social justice’ -- I show that rooted in the particular as communitarianism is, it cannot but reflect the values, beliefs and (...)
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  38. Bob Brecher, Interrogation, Intelligence and Ill-Treatment: Lessons From Northern Ireland, 1971-72.
    In 2008, Samantha Newbery, then a PhD student, discovered a hitherto confidential document: ‘Confidential: UK Eyes Only. Annex A: Intelligence gained from interrogations in Northern Ireland’ (DEFE 13/958, The National Archives (TNA)). It details the British Army’s notorious interrogations of IRA suspects that led to the eventual banning of the ‘five techniques’ that violated the UK’s international treaty obligation prohibiting the use of torture and ‘inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment’. Having decided that the document – Intelligence gained from should (...)
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  39. Mark Devenney, The Limits of Communicative Rationality and Deliberative Democracy.
    This article develops a critique of Jurgen Habermas's account of communicative rationality. Habermas argues that communication harbours an implicit promise, that it is underpinned by a a claim to be valid which is in principle subject to verification. A close reading of Habermas's badic theoretical decisions demosntrates what communicative rationality occludes in the study of language. Habermas sidelines concerns about the ineliminable power underlying any communication, and occludes any focus on the slipperiness of meaning. The critique has implications for the (...)
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  40. Joanna Jody Boehnert, Epistemological Error and Converging Crises: A Whole Systems View.
    Gregory Bateson said that we are ‘governed by epistemologies that we know to be wrong’ back in 1972. In the same book Bateson wrote: 'the organism that destroys its environment destroys itself.’ Almost forty years later global ecological systems are in steep decline and converging crises make a deep evaluation of the underlying premises of our philosophical traditions an urgent imperative. This paper will suggest that the roots of the economic crisis are epistemological and that to correct this error whole (...)
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  41. Julie Doyle & Katrina Roen, Introduction: Surgery and Embodiment - Carving Out Subjects.
    This is an introduction to the Special Issue: ‘Surgery and Embodiment: Carving out Subjects’. The collection of articles in the special issue demonstrates how surgery, as a set of discourses and practices, has become central to the mediation between body and psyche in cultural understandings and individual experiences of embodied subjectivity. This is achieved by examining, from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, a range of historical and contemporary examples of surgical practice. The contributors share common concerns about embodied subjectivity, gender (...)
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  42. Emma Bell, Fame.
    Discussion of philosophy, celebrity and gender; review of Mark Rowlands' 2008 book on philosophy and Fame.
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  43. Emma Bell, Imagine Madness: Madness, Revolution, Ressentiment and Critical Theory.
    This paper focuses on a short passage by Nietzsche on the reciprocity between revolution and madness: ‘those men irresistibly drawn to throw off the yoke of any kind of morality and to frame new laws had, if they were not actually mad, no alternative but to make themselves or pretend to be mad’ (Daybreak, §I:14) The paper explores how from romanticism, through avant-gardism, to contemporary critical theory, some who sought to ‘make it new’ have willed madness as a means of (...)
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