OAI Archive: University of Melbourne ePrints Repository

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "University of Melbourne ePrints Repository"

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  1. Alistair Marcus Kwan, Aristotle on His Three Elements: A Reading of Aristotle's Own Doctrine.
    In light of the long-lived, on-going debate surrounding the Aristotelian doctrines of prime matter and the four simple bodies (or 'elements'), the general message of this thesis is surprising: that Aristotle's theory is centred on neither. I argue that Aristotle does in fact have a substantial prime matter, but not the single, featureless, immutable prime matter of tradition.
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  2. Pierce James Furlong, Aspects of Ancient Near Eastern Chronology (C. 1600-700 BC).
    The chronology of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Near East is currently a topic of intense scholarly debate. The conventional/orthodox chronology for this period has been assembled over the past one-two centuries using information from King-lists, royal annals and administrative documents, primarily those from the Great Kingdoms of Egypt, Assyria and Babylonia. This major enterprise has resulted in what can best be described as an extremely complex but little understood jigsaw puzzle composed of a multiplicity of loosely connected (...)
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  3. Janusz Aleksander Sysak, The Natural Philosophy Of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
    This thesis aims to show that Coleridge's thinking about science was inseparable from and influenced by his social and political concerns. During his lifetime, science was undergoing a major transition from mechanistic to dynamical modes of explanation. Coleridge's views on natural philosophy reflect this change. As a young man, in the mid-1790s, he embraced the mechanistic philosophy of Necessitarianism, especially in his psychology. In the early 1800s, however, he began to condemn the ideas to which he had previously been attracted. (...)
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  4. Matthew Riddle, The Roles Actors Perform: Role-Play and Reality in a Higher Education Context.
    This thesis undertakes a description and analysis of the way in which Australian higher education students perform roles through the use of online role-play systems at the University of Melbourne. It includes a description of two case studies: DRALE Online, developed in 1997, and The Campaign, developed in 2003. The research undertakes a detailed study of The Campaign, using empirical data derived from classroom observations, online communications, and semi-structured interviews. It undertakes a qualitative analysis of these data using an interpretive (...)
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  5. Stephen John Haley, Mirror as Metasign: Contemporary Culture as Mirror World.
    The mirror, central to traditional Western epistemology and representation, has shattered. Yet its metaphors, mechanisms, operations and poetics continue to powerfully shape and evocatively describe, contemporary Western culture. The exhibition, After Reflection, investigates realist representation in a post-mirror paradigm, through paintings, prints and projections that incorporate perceptual plays, virtual imaging and digital modeling. The dissertation charts the history of the mirror metaphor and its reconfiguration through post-modernity. It suggests that while the metaphor may be superceded it remains useful and evocative (...)
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  6. Susan Monica Stevens, Towards a Pragmatist Theory of Music Education.
    This thesis argues for a pragmatist theory of music education and develops a new theoretical basis for the development of music programs conceived as aesthetic in emphasis.
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  7. Judith Hamann, Re-Visioning Music as a Way of Knowing.
    This dissertation explores perceived contradictions and mismatches through a phenomenological, poetic and individual approach to language as a means of expanding rather than contracting concepts, specifically in relation to musical phenomena. It reappraises the way in which we use language, re-envisioning it as something that is a departure from the realm of the literal. Here, language becomes a means to reveal, to use Heidegger’s term, to un-conceal (1971) rather than to represent or codify. The observations in this dissertation are not (...)
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  8. Toby Meadows, Modality Without Metaphysics: A Metalinguistic Approach to Possibility.
    An account of modality is produced which takes as its foundation the idea that modal concepts are parasitic upon our background theoretical commitments. This position is distinguished from the majority of philosophies of modality, which are either primitivist or reductionist. It is in this sense that our account is less burdened by metaphysics. The primary purpose of the document is to demonstrate that our approach is a coherent one. It supports this claim in three stages. First, we identify the historical (...)
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  9. John John Quay, Education, Experience, Existence: Seeking a Way Out of Educational Confusion Via a Coherent Theory of Experience and Curriculum in the Existential Philosophies of Dewey, Peirce and Heidegger.
    Education is inseparable from experience. Consequently, lack of a coherent philosophy of experience amounts to confusion in education. This confusion is evident in the curriculum history of outdoor education, although not only there. Dewey argues that confusion is the major characteristic of the educational situation generally, a situation that spans more than a century and continues today in the contemporary experiences of young people in middle school. Through a combination of participant observation, auto-photography and photo-elicitation in interview, I investigate and (...)
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  10. Stevie Schafer, Golden Age Lost and Philosophy's Brave New World: Ontology in Seneca's Epistulae 33, 90, 86 and 84.
    This thesis investigates the nature of Senecan ontology by looking closely at metaphorical language, quotation and intertextual engagements in Seneca's Epistulae 33, 90, 86 and 84. Senecan ontology is deeply embedded in language and articulated through metaphor, narrative and intertextual engagement with both literary and philosophical traditions. An important aspect of this investigation is developing an improved view of Senecan hermeneutics, in particular how Seneca reads and how Seneca’s readers might read him.
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  11. Muhamad Razak Idris, The Concept of Change in the Philosophy of Mulla Sadra and Hegel: A Comparative Analysis.
    The meaning of change is one of the fundamental subjects of inquiry of philosophy. It plays a substantial role in providing our understanding of reality. This thesis investigates the meaning of change from the perspectives of Mulla Sadra and Hegel and compares them. Through this comparative analysis, the concept and the ontological position of change, its characteristics and the framework of its evolvement in the world will be elucidated upon.
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  12. Peter Singer, Why Should I Be Moral?
    “The question has, as I have already said, been a central concern of moral philosophers from the time of Plato until the Nineteenth Century. It would be tedious to list the philosophers who have discussed the issue, for the list would exclude hardly any of the major moral philosophers of the past. The names of some of them will occur in the course of this thesis.” … “In the Conclusion, I consider the present state of the question and argue that (...)
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  13. Rory Wood-Ingram, The Philosophy of the Funny.
    This thesis examines comedy and humour as they are seen in everyday life, and contends that they play a unique role in forming our outlook on the world. There is nothing quite like humour: it requires seriousness but it is silly; it uses rational constructs but creates something irrational; it seems to make fun of things which paradoxically we end up caring about even more. Through an exploration of the different ways comedy and humour are used, both in everyday life (...)
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  14. Naomi Helen Cumming, Analytical and Aesthetic Concepts in the Work of Leonard B. Meyer.
    This thesis argues that Meyer’s analytical and aesthetic thought are interdependent. Essential terms used in developing the theory of Emotion and Meaning in Music belong to the realm of private language. It is through the correlation of these terms with specific musical structures that the theory becomes accessible to verification. In his later analyses, put forward in The Rhythmic Structure of Music and Explaining Music, Meyer eliminates specific references to perceptual events. Instead he locates qualities produced by perception (for example (...)
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  15. Clinton Golding (2009). &Quot;that's a Better Idea!&Quot; Philosophical Progress for Philosophy for Children. Childhood and Philosophy 5 (10):223-269.
    Philosophy for Children is an important educational programme that engages children in philosophical inquiry as the means for them to make sense of the world. A key to its success is that students make progress in their attempts to make sense of the world or, more colloquially, they develop better ideas. Although philosophical progress is essential to the value of Philosophy for Children, there is little written on this concept and what is written tends to be merely suggestive. The result (...)
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  16. Romana Rosalie Byrne, Sadomasochism as Aesthetic Sexuality: A Cultural History From the Late Eighteenth Century to the Present.
    Foucault’s ars erotica, one of the most enigmatic concepts in history-of-sexuality studies, has been largely overshadowed by the examination of scientia sexualis and its creation: sexuality constructed as a natural, inborn and permanent function of the body subject to acquired or congenital pathologies. With sexuality, a truth to be discovered and analysed, sexual acts and desires became involuntary manifestations of a fixed biological cause. Foucault argues that only scientia sexualis has operated in modern Western culture whilst ars erotica belongs to (...)
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  17. Mark Edward Hilton, Sharing the Spirit: Transmission of Charism by Religious Congregations.
    Catholic schools have experienced significant changes in recent years. Other than the pressures that all schools face, the issue of the identity of Catholic schools has loomed large. With the dramatic decrease in the active membership of religious congregations, the continuation of their charism, their philosophical and spiritual tradition, has been a crucial concern.
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  18. Edward Jeremiah (2012). The Emergence of Reflexivity in Greek Language and Thought: From Homer to Plato and Beyond. Brill.
    This thesis investigates reflexivity in ancient Greek literature and philosophy from Homer to Plato. It contends that ancient Greek culture developed a notion of personhood that was characteristically reflexive, and that this was linked to a linguistic development of specialized reflexive pronouns, which are the words for 'self'.
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  19. Belinda Jane Woods, Ritual Perspectives: An Investigation Into the Epistemology of Performance.
    This dissertation takes the form of an inter-subjective investigation into the ritual of performance, considering its function in terms of community engagement and its place in contemporary society. Ritual is placed in a secular context in which music is performed through the development of individual artistic expression, yet presented in a way that engages the audience as active participants. In this way audience and performer are united in experiencing the affect of music upon the emotions and the mind.
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  20. Beatrice Bayle, Conserving Mural Paintings in Thailand and Sri Lanka: Conservation Policies and Restoration Practice in Social and Historical Context.
    This research investigates traditional and contemporary approaches of conserving and restoring mural paintings in Buddhist living heritage places in Thailand and Sri Lanka. These highly symbolic paintings enhancing the walls of Buddhist monasteries or stupas are an important aspect of South and South-East Asia’s legacy. Exploring local historical and social contexts highlights how the general epistemological shift that occurred in Thailand and Sri Lanka in the 19th century, acted on the new values associated with ancient monasteries and merged with longstanding (...)
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  21. Kirsten Walsh, Has Laudan Killed the Demarcation Problem?
    The ‘Demarcation Problem’ is to mark the boundary between things that are scientific and things that are not. Philosophers have worked on this problem for a long time, and yet there is still no consensus solution. Should we continue to hope, or must we draw a more sceptical conclusion? In his paper, ‘The Demise of the Demarcation Problem’, Larry Laudan (1983) does the latter. In this thesis, I address the three arguments he gives for this conclusion.
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  22. Farid Ahmed, Fair Access to Environmental Justice in Poor Nations: Case Studies in Bangladesh.
    The thesis is about environmental values that we encounter in our everyday life. The thesis also talks about environmental justice dialogues and tensions that play in Bangladesh. The thesis, in the first place, explores how an environmental planning and resource management approach causes a particular type of environmental injustice; i.e., non-recognition of access to the decision making process of local ethnic communities, which identifies them as adivasi meaning indigenous, poses a threat to their livelihood and culture, and obstructs the process (...)
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  23. M. R. Ressler, The Logic of Relative Systems.
    This study aims to develop the logic of relativism, then to apply that logic to the question of self-refutation in relativism.
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  24. Peta Husper Malins, An Ethico-Aesthetics of Injecting Drug Use: Body, Space, Memory, Capital.
    Harm minimisation approaches to illicit drug use have proven extremely successful in reducing drug-related harm and improving health outcomes for those using drugs, their families and the broader community. Despite these successes, however, many harm minimisation programmes face strong community opposition, and many others are limited in their effectiveness by their reluctance to acknowledge the complex ways in which drug using contexts, social relationships, desire, pleasure and aesthetics are involved in the production and reduction of drug-related harm.[NP] Deleuze and Guattari’s (...)
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