OAI Archive: University of Pretoria Electronic Theses and Dissertations

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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "University of Pretoria Electronic Theses and Dissertations"

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  1. Mark Kourie, The Status of Love in Philosophy : An Examination of the Role of Love (Eros) in the Work (or Works) of Selected French Thinkers.
    This dissertation exposes the status of eros in the works of Levinas, Irigaray, and, Nancy. I begin by evaluating Levinass phenomenological analyses of eros in Time and the Other and Totality and Infinity. In order to fully appreciate this, however, I must necessarily also provide a summary overview of the central theme which guides Levinass work: the Other. This leads Levinas to develop ethics as first philosophy, which in turn implies that the reduction of the Other to the same is (...)
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  2. Raphehli Michael Thobakgale, Tsheka Tsheko Ya Dikanegelokopana Ka S.N. Nkadimeng (Sepedi).
    In this dissertation, the art of the short story as practised by S.N. Nkadimeng (Mmantshaotlogele) is investigated in accordance with the narratological descriptive model. According to this approach the literary work is divided into three levels, namely, content level, plot level and style level. The level of style, however, is not discussed in detail in this dissertation.

    In this study, Nkadimeng's art is placed within the framework of a brief discussion of the Northem Sotho short story as an art form. (...)

    In the second, third and fourth chapters attention is paid mainly to the analysis of a single short story, that is 0 nyalwa lenyalo mang .. . ; however, the other short stories in this collection, among others Nna nka se je dipute and Thapelo ya pula are referred to as examples.

    In the last chapter, Nkadimeng's work, particularly with regard to his ironic stories, is compared to Mpepele's and Matsepe's work. Nkadimeng writes with compassion about his people; his irony is delicate and mocking without venom, which differs from that of Matsepe and Mpepele. Whereas Matsepe mocks important figures in the society, such as leaders, kings, the rich and so forth, Nkadimeng's and Mpepele's mocking is aimed at the weaknesses of the ordinary people.

    © 1996 University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

    Please cite as follows:

    Thabakgale, RM 1996, _Tsheka Tsheko ya Dikanegelokopana ka S.N. Nkadimeng_, PhD thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-/ >

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  3. Grace Tomoka, The Relevance of Hannah Arendts Concept of Freedom to African Political Thought.
    This project is a critical evaluation of the relevance of Hannah Arendts concept of freedom to African political thought. Freedom is one of the most perplexing aspects of human life, and to determine precisely what freedom consists in is, for most scholars and theorists, hard. What is more, the question of freedom raises fundamental issues about the nature of man. Freedom could be seen as an essential human need and the true mark of humanity; mere survival without that does not (...)
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  4. Andrew Geoffrey West, Moral Relativism and Corporate Governance Convergence.
    This thesis investigates how the different aspects and claims associated with moral relativism can be applied to the issue of corporate governance convergence. The question of how corporate governance models may be converging around the world is considered within the law, finance and management literature. To date, however, there has been no detailed consideration from a moral perspective of whether such convergence should occur. This study investigates this question, using South Africa as a case study, through an analysis of the (...)
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  5. Symphorien Ntibagirirwa, Philosophical Premises for African Economic Development : Sen's Capability Approach.
    THIS THESIS IS IN THE EXAMINATION PROCESS

    Copyright © 2012, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria

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  6. D. John Doyle, What Does It Mean to Be Human? Humanness, Personhood and the Transhumanist Movement.

    THIS THESIS IS IN THE PROCESS OF EXAMINATION

    © 2012, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria

    Please cite as follows:

    Doyle, DJ 2012, _What does it mean to be human? humanness, personhood and the transhumanist movement_, DPhil thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed (...)

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  7. Jeanne-Marie Viljoen, Playing with the Subject : Writing_ in _The Pillow Book_ and in _In the Penal Colony.

    This study explores the nature of writing and the sorts of presence that writing gives us access to. This understanding of writing includes not only all speaking and all writing in the narrow sense of marks on a page, but goes beyond this to include the sense in which Derrida uses the term writing in _Of Grammatology_, to mean a broad and complex process of the construction of textual traces or presences necessarily brought about through the structural mechanism of difference (...)

    This study argues that writing is a system that creates Subjects or selves as the writing happens. It suggests that writing is a remarkable site from which to explore the construction of selves, because it gives us access to (partially) identifiable presences, in the apparent absence of the writer.

    It goes on to demonstrate that this identity can be distinguished through written traces of difference left for the reader to decipher, by analysing different aspects of the plot and writing devices in Peter Greenaways film _The Pillow Book_ and in Kafkas short story _In the Penal Colony_. These two texts are considered particularly relevant to this study, in that they both explicitly deal with the contradictory nature of writing and how it relates to the Being (there or the contextualised Being of _Dasein_) and being (in general), the life and death, the empowerment and destruction of the Subjects that writing sets up. Both texts explore salient aspects of writing on the human body. The study uses these texts as a platform for speculation about the kind of presence that can be traced through writing, and proposes that the written Subject is multiple, contradictory and reflexive, connected and related, and that it is impermanent and has a deferred presence.

    Finally, this written Subject is also explored in the context of Foucaults expositions of the self in texts such as _Technologies of the self_ (Foucault, 1994) and What is an Author? (Foucault, 1977) in answer to his question Who are we in the present, what is this fragile moment from which we cant detach our identity and which will carry our identity away with itself? (Foucault, 1994:xviii)

    Copyright © 2009, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

    Please cite as follows:

    Viljoen, JM 2009, _Playing with the subject : writing in The Pillow Book and in In the Penal Colony_, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _ yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-08132010-123031/ >

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  8. Martina Louise Mabille, Nietzsches Tragic Justice and the Rehabilitation of Diké.
    No abstract available.

    © 2007, University of Pretoria. All rights reserved. The copyright in this work vests in the University of Pretoria. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the University of Pretoria.

    Please cite as follows:

    Mabille, ML 2007, _ Nietzsches tragic justice and the rehabilitation of Diké_, DPhil thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-11122009-165028/ >

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  9. Hay Lin Helen Ku, The Hidden/Flying Dragon : An Exploration of the Book of Changes (I Ching) in Terms of Nietzsches Philosophy.
    The ancient Chinese _I Ching, the Book of Changes_, and the philosophy of the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) both assert that the universe exists in a state of change. The _I Ching_, originally a book of divination, illustrates the changing phenomena of the natural world in terms of sixty-four hexagrams, which are figures composed of six lines  yielding and firm lines, representing actual conditions and relationships existing in the world and caused by the interplay between two primordial forces, (...)
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  10. Yolanda Spangenberg, Toe-Eiening van Die Ontoe-Eienbare : 'N Ondersoek Na Die Samehorigheid van Denke En Poësie (Afrikaans).

    This dissertation explores the problem regarding the objectification of language and the split between thought and poetry. The problem is examined from both a philosophical and a psychoanalytical perspective. The split between thought and poetry is rather complex and it manifests itself in various contexts.

    In _The Man without Content Giorgio_ Agamben (1999c) discusses this problem with reference to the sphere of the aesthetic. According to Agamben the birth of modern aesthetics and the problem of representation is the result of (...)

    In _The Parallax View_ Slavoj Zizek discusses similar schisms that is currently discernible in various spheres. In the context of my research, it is his discussion of the split between objective knowledge and subjective truth that is of special interest. In my dissertation this division is respectively brought to bear on the split between thought and poetry. (This claim is broadly expanded on in chapter four). The split between objective knowledge and subjective truth manifests itself, in the social context, as the antinomy of essentialism and constructionism.

    My discussion commences in _chapter one_ with an introductory overview of the theme under investigation.

    In _chapter two_ the theme is first of all examined from a philosophical perspective. In this regard it is primarily the work of Giorgio Agamben, and especially his view of the nature of language that guides my discussion. According to Agamben we cannot regard language as something (an articulated unity) that has always already taken place. Language rather exists in the form of pure potentiality. By reinterpreting Aristotles doctrine of potentiality, Agamben comes to the conclusion that potentiality is, originally, an (im)potentiality. In so far as the human being is language, he _is_ this (im)potentiality and this (im)potentiality should be seen as the dimension of the _un_appropriable. In view of this _un_appropriability mans primordial situation cannot be a unity (at least not a reflexive or reflected unity). The human being, in so far as he _is_ language, _is_ the primordial gap that enables meaning and signification to _take place_. According to Agamben this (im)potentiality (the dimension of the _un_appropriable) has, however, undergone a primordial objectification in Aristotles logico-metaphysical structure of knowledge. Since then, language as the primordial gap that enables presence and meaning to _take place_, has been neglected or forgotten.

    In _chapter three_ the primordial objectification of language and the split between thought and poetry is also considered from a psychoanalytical perspective. The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the reader to some of the main concepts in Jacques Lacans exposition of symbolic identification. Attention will only be given to those aspects in the Lacanian psychoanalysis that are related to the theme of research.

    In _chapter four_ the psychoanalytic description of the problem is continued. The relation between thought and poetry is explained by reference to two fantasmatic structures of denial. In the Lacanian psychoanalysis the two fantasmatic structures of denial are descriptive of two distinctive modalities of reflection. They represent two subjective attitudes that in psychoanalytic terms are described as the subject of desire and the subject of drive. In this chapter the relation between these two fantasmatic structures and Agambens description of thought and poetry in our time is being explored.

    In _chapter five_ the theme under investigation is brought to a preliminary conclusion. In this chapter the co-belonging of thought and poetry is being examined in view of Lacans later conception of language as _non_-All. Of special interest is Lacans concept of the traversing of the fundamental fantasy as well as his ideas regarding the end of the psychoanalytic process. In so far as language is not an articulated unity but rather _non_-All, the co-belonging of thought and poetry implies more than a mere reciprocity of opposites. I hope that we will eventually be able to conceive of a different, and more original kind of relation between the subject and his own inherent _un_appropriability. The denial of this dimension is currently the cause of an impasse in the process of symbolic identification. It points to mans egoistic illusion of authority and self-righteousness.

    Lacans concept of the traversing of the fundamental fantasy implies a kind of conciliation between (or co-belonging of) the word (the sphere of the symbolic) and a certain excess or remainder (the_ un_appropriable) over which it has no control. The conciliation or appropriation as being used in this context should not be understood in the usual sense. The conciliation of the word with itself rather points to the subjects experience and acceptance of the dimension of _un_appropriability. This _un_appropriability derives from the negativity inherent in mans drives. In view of this _un_appropriability mans primordial situation is characterised by a feeling of fragmentation and disruption. It is this feeling of fragmentation and disruption which makes mans (or languages) reference to himself _im_possible.

    The task of thought then is to traverse the subjects (languages) own presupposition; that is, his presupposed unity or fundamental fantasy. We have to accept the fact that our essence is not something that can be possessed or appropriated as such. Eventually we have to experience and appropriate the _un_appropriable as the inconceivable content and _limit_ inherent in every expression. The _un_appropriable is precisely that dimension in the sphere of the symbolic over which we have no control whatsoever. In view of this the concept of redemption also assumes a new meaning. In this moment the subject experiences his inherent _un_appropriability as constitutive of his freedom. He recognizes his freedom precisely in his primordial bondage (or lack of freedom) that he will never be able to get rid of. This experience should be brought to bear on Agambens description of the experience of language (the _factum loquendi_) as a dimension of (im)potentiality. The subjects experience and acceptance of a certain disruption (or the _un_appropriability of language) is the realisation of _un_reality here and now.

    © University of Pretoria 2007

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  11. Callum David Scott, Fides Et Ratio : An Investigation Into the Relationship Between Science and Religion.
    Faith and reason are two epistemological routes leading us to obtain knowledge: people receive knowledge through theology as well as from scientific inquiry. However, these routes differ in the methodologies they employ, as well as in the type of questions that they ask. The purpose of this dissertation is to demonstrate that both faith and reason are epistemological routes, and that the relationship between faith and reason is particularly illustrated in reasons selftranscendence. Indeed, the sciences (as particular examples of reason) (...)
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  12. Werner Schoeman, Stoïsynse Terapie En Lewenskuns (Afrikaans).
    Contemporary debates in ethics are characterised by opposing views that appear to be irreconcilable. Rational debates seem to be making no headway due to the fact that the incompatibilities of the different views seem to lie within the very premises of the different arguments. These debates acquire an interminable character, because representatives of the different standpoints refuse to accept each others premises.

    MacIntyre attributes this state of affairs to the failure of the Enlightenment project. In their attempt to create a (...)

    MacIntyre believes that the Enlightenment thinkers were mistaken in undermining the authority of all the ethical traditions. He argues that the authority of the _critical_ traditions is legitimate. A critical tradition is a moral tradition where some form of rational enquiry is embodied in the tradition itself. MacIntyre defends the authority of the Aristotelian tradition as the critical tradition _per se_. In my own enquiry I defend the authority of the Stoic tradition. I attempt to point out the flaws in MacIntyres understanding of the Stoics and argue that in some respects the Stoic tradition is a better alternative to the Aristotelian one.

    After having justified the authority of the Stoic tradition I take a closer look at what their ethics entail. The Stoics have what Cottingham refers to as a synoptic conception of philosophy. This means that they tried to integrate all the aspects of human understanding into a single system. Therefore, if one wishes to give a comprehensive picture of their ethics it is necessary to explain their philosophical work on physics and logic as well. I do so by comparing their understanding of physics to the contemporary understanding thereof.

    The Stoics believed that philosophy is not an abstract theoretical discipline, but rather a way of life. Theoretical arguments play an important role in so far as it helps us to comprehend the nature of the good, but ultimately philosophy is about helping us to live a good life. In light of this understanding I argue that they conceived of ethics as the art of living. The Stoics also believed that one could practice ethics as a form of therapy for our emotions. They believed that emotions such as anger and depression are caused by misguided ways of thinking and that ultimately the good life would cultivate our spirit and enable us to become more resistant to these types of emotions. Simultaneously it will enable us to experience more rational emotions such as joy.

    The ultimate aim of my research project is to highlight the important contributions the Stoics can make to the crisis we are currently experiencing in ethical discourse. (shrink)

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  13. Gregory Elkan Cahl, Kierkegaard's Concept of Anxiety : A Philosophical-Psychological Investigation.
    In 1844, when Kierkegaard published his work, _The Concept of Anxiety_, under the pseudonym of Vigilius Haufuiensis, it constituted no mean feat for a variety of reasons. Firstly, and perhaps most obviously, was the content of the work. At that time, very little work had been done concerning the experience of anxiety and certainly no single academic work had had this issue as its formal topic. Secondly, the book was an incisive and complex theological and philosophical argument. So much so (...)
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  14. Augusta Benda Hofmeyr, Politiek, Etiek En Transgressie : 'N Kritiese Ondersoek Na Die Latere Werke van Michel Foucault (Afrikaans).
    Please read the abstract in the 07abstract part of this document.
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  15. Dominic Heath Griffiths (2006). On the Uses and Advantages of Poetry for Life. Reading Between Heidegger and Eliot. Dissertation, University of Pretoria
    This dissertation addresses the ontological significance of poetry in the thought of Martin Heidegger. It gives an account of both his earlier and later thinking. The central argument of the dissertation is that poetry, as conceptualised by Heidegger, is beneficial and necessary for the living of an authentic life. The poetry of T. S Eliot features as a sustaining voice throughout the dissertation to validate Heidegger's ideas and also to demonstrate some interesting similarities in their ideas. Chapter one demonstrates how (...)
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  16. Michael Onyebuchi Eze, Ubuntu : A Communitarian Response to Liberal Individualism?
    Access to this dissertation is prohibited until 2010-09-07

    © University of Pretoria 2005

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  17. Catherine Frances Botha, Heidegger : Technology, Truth and Language.

    Please read the abstract in the section 08summary, of this document

    © University of Pretoria 2001

    Please cite as follows:

    Botha, CF 2001, _ Heidegger : technology, truth and language _, MA dissertation, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, viewed _yymmdd_ < http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd- 12192005-113542/ >

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  18. Louise Mabile, The Moral Subject Vs. The Political Actor : The Political Price of Interiorization.
    This dissertation is an attempt to examine the political implications of the ethos of self-persecution that accompanied the rise of modern man. The attempt at achieving self-transparency and to locate a final, deep 'truth' within the depths of the subject, which began in the apparently harmless search for God through acts of confession, grew into the merciless persecution of the auto-voyeuristic subject. I argue that the horror that complete self-transparency would imply, is mercifully kept at bay by the opacity of (...)
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  19. Hay Lin Helen Ku, Where Does Morality Come From? Aspects of Nietzsches Genealogical Critique of Morality and His Idea of the Übermensch .
    With this dissertation, firstly, I address the issue of Friedrich Nietzsches (1844-1900) so-called immoralism. When he calls himself an immoralist and even the first immoralist (_EH_ Destiny 2), he seems to be the first philosopher to consider morality as something negative, something we had better got rid of. Yet, he favours noble morality and higher moralities which he insists ought to be possible (_BGE_ 202). I shall interpret Nietzsches explicit claim of immoralism and his campaign against morality as a rejection (...)
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