OAI Archive: UNSW@ADFA
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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "UNSW@ADFA"
- Anne Cregan, Weaving the Semantic Web: Contributions and Insights.The semantic web aims to make the meaning of data on the web explicit and machine processable. Harking back to Leibniz in its vision, it imagines a world of interlinked information that computers `understand' and `know' how to process based on its meaning. Spearheaded by the World Wide Web Consortium, ontology languages OWL and RDF form the core of the current technical offerings. RDF has successfully enabled the construction of virtually unlimited webs of data, whilst OWL gives the ability to (...)No categories
- Brian Ballsun-Stanton, Asking About Data: Exploring Different Realities of Data Via the Social Data Flow Network Methodology.What is data? That question is the fundamental investigation of this dissertation. I have developed a methodology from social-scientific processes to explore how different people understand the concept of data, rather than to rely on my own philosophical intuitions or thought experiments about the “nature” of data. The evidence I have gathered as to different individuals' constructions of data can be used to inform further inquiry of data and the design of information systems. My research demonstrates that people have different (...)No categories
- Patricia Fay Morgan, Learning Feelings: Foundations of Contemplative Education.The proposed ineffability of subjective experience has meant that it is frequently absent in educational discourse, where the emphasis is on objective and rational acquisition of knowledge. This prevailing conception of knowledge leaves the pre-predicative foundations of learning neglected, which this thesis challenges by foregrounding the subjective contemplative experience of its ‘co-researchers’ (i.e. ‘participants’). In doing this, it reveals a subjective interrelational realm, intersecting and being intersected by the objective that grounds learning through contemplation. This project, sited in the holistic (...)No categories
- Irina Petrova, A Comparative Study of Primary/ Elementary School Music Curricula in Australia (NSW), in theUK (England), in the Russian Federation and in the United States of America.In different countries, the music curricula for primary/ elementary school children has been influenced by many diverse factors including a number of progressive educational practices and a variety of psychological theories. This research gives a detailed analysis of a number of primary/ elementary school programs for general music in Australia (New South Wales, i.e. NSW), in the UK (England), in the Russian Federation and in the United States of America. The research aims to find out to what extent music education (...)No categories
- Nicholas James Turnbull, Policy in Question: From Problem Solving to Problematology.Since the postpositivist critique of the policy sciences, policy theory has come into question. More particularly, the problem orientation upon which Lasswell defined the policy sciences has come into question because policy making does not conform to his problem solving logic. That logic is inadequate. I argue that we must reconsider the problem orientation at a philosophical level to reconstruct it upon a more appropriate foundation. This thesis does not depict how we should conduct policy making but deals with foundational (...)No categories
- Michael Forshaw, The Persuasion-Knowledge Gap.Historically, dialectics is the general method of (early) philosophy. The philosophy rhetoric controversy of modern dialectics (or argumentation theory) is reducible to a persuasion-knowledge gap. It's addressed in five parts. First, disputes in discourse (dialectics). Critical discussion or debate involves disagreement and contention. An agent's position on an issue includes an opinion (or claim) and ground. A ground is strategically developed in a contest of strengths using psycho-social influence and persuasion. This depends on the conveyance of meaning. Dispute resolution occurs (...)
- Graham Purchase (2003). Peter Kropotkin: Ecologist, Philosopher and Revolutionary. Dissertation, University of New South Wales (Australia)Biographical sketch of Peter Kropotkin . History and theory of mutualism and Kropotkin's mutual aid theories. Gene, individual, group and species selectionism/natural and sexual selection/economic, genetic and reproductive explanations of cooperative behaviour/sociality and intelligence/functional and non-functional sociality/social hierarchies/mutualism and morality/speciation and environment/geographic and reproductive isolation/sympatric and allopatric speciation/habitat tracking, environmentally induced or acquired characters and their inheritance in plants and animals/symbiosis and symbiogenesis/evolution of multicellularity. ;Kropotkin's social anarchism and environmentalism. History of communal revolution/social resolution of conflict in non-governmental societies and (...)No categories
- Janet Duke, Silent Values : Contextualising Justice Within the Disjunctures Between Care Discourses, Regulatory Requirements and Nursing Practice Realities.The notion of 'Care' has occupied a central place as foundation in nursing theory, ethics and practice. An examination of critical and authoritative documents reveals that the term is vague and ill defined. The literature on care does not theorise the concept as fully as expected in a profession where the concept is considered central. Moreover, even the best theories of care neglect justice. Applying Wittgenstein's concept of family resemblance allows the debate to move on from definitional issues to assess (...)
- Peter R. Krebs, Turing Machines, Computers and Artificial Intelligence.This work investigates some of the issues and consequences for the field of artificial intelligence and cognitive science, which are related to the perceived limits of computation with current digital equipment. The Church -Turing thesis and the specific properties of Turing machines are examined and some of the philosophical 'in principle' objections, such as the application of Gödel's incompleteness theorem, are discussed. It is argued that the misinterpretation of the Church-Turing thesis has led to unfounded assumptions about the limitations of (...)
- Jennifer Hamer, [Not] Just a Piece of Paper: Ontological Practice and Ethical Obligations in the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).This thesis develops a new, mid-range theory of the recognition of prior learning (RPL) with non-traditional learners. It incorporates a practice framework accompanied by good practice principles, to support the implementation of socially just RPL. Formal skills recognition processes, such as RPL, have been used as tools for enhancing social inclusion and social justice within educational institutions across the world. RPL seeks to affirm and accredit skills and knowledges that have evolved from diverse, informal learning experiences and cultural locations and (...)
- Rosalyn Geraldine Page, The Marquis de Sade and the Cinema of Transcendence.This thesis is an enquiry into the Marquis de Sade, his writing and the perversion known as sadism. The narrower focus of this thesis investigates the problem of the meeting of violence and language in Sade's novels and the implications for cinema. The procedure has been to adopt the Critical and Clinical approach to philosophy that brings together both the literary style of Sade and the clinical symptoms of sadism. This method canvasses a number of Sades novels to consider the (...)
- Adam Atkinson, The Provocation of Saul Bellow : Perfectionism and Travel in The Adventures of Augie March and Herzog.A consistent feature of Saul Bellows fiction is the protagonists encounter with one or more teaching figures. Dialogue with such individuals prompts the Bellovian protagonist to reject his current state of selfhood as inadequate and provokes him to re-form as a new person. The teacher figure offers a better self to which the protagonist is attracted; or, more frequently in Bellow, the protagonist is repelled by both his teacher and his own current state to form a new, previously unrepresented self. (...)No categories
- Simon Floth, The Other Basic Aspect of Reality.It is argued that physical (and not inherently psychical) properties are insufficient to constitute all else. Specifically they cannot constitute an instance (K1) of our knowledge that the number of existing things is at least one. This employs a new version of entry by entailment: Every fact as to the presence of a constituted trope is entailed by facts about the presence of the ontologically basic, where a property is ontologically basic if and only if the fact of its presence (...)
- Shannon Balderson, Knowledge’s Value: Internalism and Externalism.This thesis engages with epistemology’s value problem. That is, is knowledge epistemically preferable to true belief? If so, how is that the case? The issue under discussion is whether epistemic justification can account for a value discrepancy between true belief and knowledge. First of all, the contours of the justificatory landscape are presented—in particular, the division between externalist and internalist styles. The thesis then considers whether solely truth-directed justification (which includes externalism) can possibly account for a value unique to knowledge. (...)
- Cynthia June À Beckett, Playing in the in-Between: Implications for Early Childhood Education of New Views on Social Relations.Social relations are commonly seen as exchanges between entities, a view implicitly indebted to Hegel?s account of the development of independent subjectivity. It is an analysis that explains many social interactions but that cannot explain key moments in social life. These moments occur in the non-Euclidean space and time of the in-between. This concept will be elucidated in this thesis through analysis of fieldwork examples and in relation to the work of Martin Buber and Donald Winnicott. The in-between arises when (...)No categories
- Jennifer S. Breukelaar, Heroics of the False: A New Look at Noir.In this thesis I investigate the nature of noir subjectivity, and the degree to which it can be described as heroic. To investigate these issues, I have chosen to illustrate my argument by analysing my novel, Viper, and two films that renew the noir cycle at different socio-political crossroads in America: in 1958, Alfred Hitchcock’s late noir, Vertigo, and in 1974, Frances Ford Coppola’s neo-noir, The Conversation. Because these texts present an extreme theorisation of deception in terms of the assembling (...)
- Paula Abood, The Arab as Spectacle: Race, Gender and Representation in Australian Popular Culture.This thesis, The Arab as Spectacle, is about representation. It is about the limits and the contradictions of representation. It is about the burden and the violence of representation. It is about the persistence of Orientalism and how the hierarchies of race and gender intersect with discourses on sexuality to inform and inflect the representation of Arabs in contemporary literary and media spheres of Australian popular culture. This thesis comprises two sections. Part One is a research dissertation that explores the (...)No categories
- Julie Hawthorne, Understanding Creativity Through Memes and Schemata.When it comes to the notion of creativity, both R. Dawkins and D. Dennett argue that creativity is a matter of random mutation, in the same way that genes randomly mutate. Neither Dennett nor Dawkins see anything else in the mimetic theory of creativity than a process of Darwinian evolution. However, this complete reliance upon the extension of evolution for understanding creativity needs to be supplemented by combining it with other ideas such as those of "schema theory," because creativity always (...)
- John Scannell, James Brown: Apprehending a Minor Temporality.This thesis is concerned with popular music's working of time. It takes the experience of time as crucial to the negotiation of social, political or, more simply, existential, conditions. The key example analysed is the funk style invented by legendary musician James Brown. I argue that James Brown's funk might be understood as an apprehension of a minor temporality or the musical expression of a particular form of negotiation of time by a minor culture. Precursors to this idea are found (...)
- Sigi Jottkandt, Love.
- Neil Peter Huthnance, Creativity in the Bioglobal Age: Sociological Prospects From Seriality to Contingency.This thesis is the first dedicated sociological attempt to offer a critical response to cultural studies and allied discourses that concern themselves with the relationship between technology and violence. A critical reconstruction is necessary because these cultural theorists have failed to adequately contextualize their arguments in relation to both the globally ascendant neoliberal policy outlook and its associated social Darwinian technoculture: the combined pernicious effects of which could be described as the logic of “social constructionism as social psychosis”. The most (...)No categories
- Dara Linda Miriam Tatray, Rebuilding the Foundations of Deep Ecology a Nondualist Approach.This work examines the representations of the Perennial Philosophy in the literature of the Deep Ecology movement, and the negative response of critics to the Self-realisation approach. It then goes on to suggest that a deeper engagement with the nondualistic doctrines Naess embraced could lift environmental philosophy out of the Cartesian framework in which it appears to be bogged down. Deep Ecology has been accused of being politically ineffective, and letting down the environmental movement, because it remains insufficiently engaged with (...)
- Goran Lazendic, The Locus and Source of Verbal Associations.In this dissertation an attempt was made to uncover the source of verbal associations. The investigation focused on establishing the locus of representation for associative relationships in the cognitive system and whether this locus is different from that for semantic relationships. A picture naming task and an object decision task were used within the standard priming paradigm, in which the target is preceded by a prime. A dual-level model was proposed in which associative relatedness is represented at a lemma level (...)
- Emery Schubert, Measurement and Time Series Analysis of Emotion in Music.This thesis examines the relations among emotions and musical features and their changes with time, based on the assertion that there exist underlying, culturally specific, quantifiable rules which govern these relations. I designed, programmed and tested a computer controlled Two-Dimensional Emotion Space (2DES) which administered and controlled all aspects of the experimental work. The 2DES instrument consisted of two bipolar emotional response (ER) dimensions: valence (happiness-sadness) and arousal (activeness-sleepiness). The instrument had a test-retest reliability exceeding 0.83 (p > 0.01, N (...)
- Nir Fresco, Concrete Digital Computation: Competing Accounts and its Role in Cognitive Science.There are currently considerable confusion and disarray about just how we should view computationalism, connectionism and dynamicism as explanatory frameworks in cognitive science. A key source of this ongoing conflict among the central paradigms in cognitive science is an equivocation on the notion of computation simpliciter. ‘Computation’ is construed differently by computationalism, connectionism, dynamicism and computational neuroscience. I claim that these central paradigms, properly understood, can contribute to an integrated cognitive science. Yet, before this claim can be defended, a better (...)
- Peter Gerard Fitzpatrick, The Douglas Summerland Collection.The Douglas Summerland Collection is a fictional "monographically based history"1. In essence this research is concerned with the current debates about history recording, authenticity of the photograph, methods of history construction and how the audience digests new 'knowledge'. The narrative for this body of work is drawn from a small album of maritime photographs discovered in 2004 within the archives of the Port Chalmers Regional Maritime Museum in New Zealand. The album contains vernacular images of life onboard several sailing ships (...)
- Rachel Carroll, What Kind of Relationship with Nature Does Art Provide?The relationship with nature through art has been explored as a two fold bond. The first considers a relationship with nature via art and science, where the history and contemporary application of scientific illustration in art is explored; while the second explores past and present connections with nature via art and the landscape, particularly the panoramic tradition. Historically these relationships have predominately been about dominating nature, mans dominion over the land. Science was seen as the only authority, while our relationships (...)
- Sandra Scheffknecht, Doubledeath--The Very Presence of the Absent.The notion of doubledeath, as an idea to generate work, can be seen as both an ironic reflection on the medium of photography and a critical attempt to comment on contemporary culture. In short, the inherent characteristics of the photographic medium and its function within society are combined. Photography embodies both death and the beginning of something autonomous and new in the very moment of the picture-taking process. A photograph is a mere simulation of what was once there, in front (...)
- Marian Tubbs, Assemblage-Based Installation: Affects and Interpretations.This exegesis aims to assess the communicative power of assemblage-based installation art. The body of research underlying this assessment provides tools for understanding experimental assemblage-based installation practices and their affective nature. The exegesis tracks discourses between contemporary assemblage-based practices and recent philosophy on aesthetics. It reviews mechanisms used by contemporary artists to engage the spectator that resist existing aesthetic structures and assert new communicative visual forms. Definitions of ‘the contemporary’ are employed to help situate the dialectic of forms. By way (...)
- Katherine Judith Yeh, 410kg/Sec.This thesis investigates the links between how the ocean has been imaged historically and how this imaging has impacted on environmental conservation values surrounding the sea in western culture. Pictorial images of the sea have been dominated by the seascape that, whilst showing the effects of light and wind on water, have not uncovered what lies beneath the surface, leaving the ocean to become a repository for waste. In contrast, Romantic landscape artists of the eighteenth century were influential in changing (...)
- David Corbet, Language | Material | Mimesis.This studio-based research investigates the diverse manifestations of language in contemporary art, with a focus on contemporary practice where language, materiality and mimetic function are interdependent aspects of the creative work. At the heart of this is the question of metaphysical transformation in art – an apparently subjective phenomenon which appears to exceed causative principles, operating within a fluctuating cultural and conceptual matrix of ascribed meanings, and delivering ‘transcendental’ affect. At the outset I outline my knowledge base with reference to (...)No categories
- Ranie Villaver, Zhuangzi's Scepticism in Light of Yangist Ideas.This thesis is about Zhuangzi’s scepticism. The argument is that Zhuangzi’s scepticism about proposing solutions to the unrest of the Warring States period (481-221 BCE) is a manifestation of a Yangist concern about being involved in official life. The aim is to offer a new perspective of Zhuangzi’s scepticism as scepticism about the solutions of the thinkers of the period.
- Kundan Misra, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the Humanist Agenda and the Scientific Method.Modernity began in Leibnizs lifetime, arguably, and due to the efforts of a group of philosopher-scientists of which Leibniz was one of the most significant active contributors. Leibniz invented machines and developed the calculus. He was a force for peace, and industrial and cultural development through his work as a diplomat and correspondence with leaders across Europe, and in Russia and China. With Leibniz, science became a means for improving human living conditions. For Leibniz, science must begin with the Gods (...)
- Christopher Oakey, Vision, Affect and Knowledge in the Poetry of William Carlos Williams and Hilda Doolittle.Literary critics have rarely paired Hilda Doolittle (H.D.) and William Carlos Williams, despite their common involvement in the imagist movement and, subsequently, their long friendship. This neglect is partly due to the poets own idiosyncrasies. The contrast between H.D.'s intensely subjective, mythological poetics and Williams' apparently objective focus on every-day objects tends to locate the two poets in very different critical spheres and poetic traditions. In essays written and published in 1919, however, not too long after imagisms flourishing, both writers (...)
- Grace Hellyer, Radical Democracy and the American Romance.My thesis positions the contested category of the American Romance within Jacques Rancière's account of the relationship between literary and political modernity. I will suggest that for many American writers the evocation of romance offered a means of tuning their writing towards an abstract encounter with the political as it is defined in the philosophy of Jacques Rancière. The political, for Rancière, is constituted by a moment in which the boundaries and internal demarcations of the sensible world are reconfigured. This (...)