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100 entries most recently downloaded from the archive "Zurich Open Repository and Archive"

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  1. Simona Alba Grano, China's Environmental Crisis: Why Should We Care?
    In this essay1 I address the main problems regarding Chinese environmental pollution and the failure, at least up until now, to enact a series of regulations able to solve or at least partially “revert” the current situation. Why, eventhough Chinese environmental laws have standards as high as those of their American counterparts, do they fail to curb these problems? My contention is that laws are present but not enforced; which is expecially true at the local level where economic growth is (...)
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  2. Simona Alba Grano, Change and Continuities: Taiwan's Post-2008 Environmental Policies.
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  3. Georg Blind, Investigating Entrepreneurial Spirit with the Rule Approach: Why Self-Employment is on the Decline in Japan.
    This paper investigates the determinants of entrepreneurial spirit as measured by parental preference of self-employment for male heirs in Japan since 1992 through a statistical analysis. In addition to the relevance of our findings for entrepreneurship research, this empirical study serves as a showcase for the rule approach of Dopfer and Potts in applied research. It helps to understand how self-employment has become a less and less desirable occupational choice since the abandonment of Japan’s high growth path in the early (...)
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  4. Andrea Riemenschnitter, Staging Local History Between Empires: Shandong Boxer Resistance as Maoqiang Opera.
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  5. Georg Blind & Patrick Ziltener, Free Trade Live: Insights From the Switzerland-Japan Free Trade and Economic Partnership Agreement.
    Five years upon entry into force, this research conducts a three level analysis of the effects of the Switzerland-Japan Free Trade and Economic Partnership Agreement. A macro analysis comparing the development of relative volumes of trade, i.e., the flow of goods whose trade has been effectively liberalized by FTEPA and the flow of goods not affected by the FTEPA documents a significant increase growth differential for Swiss exports into Japan, but not vice versa. A subsequent meso analysis of customs data (...)
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  6. Ralph Weber, On Wang Hui's Contribution to an 'Asian School of Chinese International Relations'.
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  7. Andrea Riemenschnitter, The Revindication of Environmental Subjectivity: Chinese Landscape Aesthetics Between Crisis and Creativity.
    This paper studies cultural representations which critically address the high level of environmental degradation ushered in by successive regimes of China's modernization. On the one hand, it will review a group of blog cartoons reacting to a recent environmental hazard, the Huangpu River floating pigs incident, which were published beginning from mid-March 2013. On the other hand, it looks at intellectual responses to a political economy of short-term profit extraction whose negative impact far exceeds the destruction of the nation's landscapes. (...)
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  8. Simona Alba Grano, Perception of Risk Towards Nuclear Energy in Taiwan and Hong Kong.
    This article investigates the differences in the public reaction to the Fukushima disaster in Taiwan and Hong Kong, focusing on the public’s perception of risk. This study shows that in both places weaker groups, such as civil society opposition groups and activists, have fewer outlets to disseminate their ideas and are thus easily overpowered by dominant ideologies pushed forward by probusiness groups and governments. Nevertheless, a closer look at local specificities will bring to light significant differences between social activists’ and (...)
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  9. Rafael Ferber, What Did Socrates Know and How Did He Know It?
    The article is the shortened english version of the article "Was und wie hat Sokrates gewusst? Elenchos: Rivista di studi sul pensiero antico, 28, 5-39. First: it states a set of seven "knowledge-claims" made by Socrates: 1. There is a distinction between right opinion and knowledge.2. Virtue is knowledge. 3. Nobody does willingly wrong. 4. To do injustice is the greatest evil for the wrongdoer himself. 5. An even greater evil is if the wrongdoer is not punished. 6. The just (...)
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  10. Rafael Ferber, Moral Judgments as Descriptions of Institutional Facts.
    This is the abbreviated and slightly revised English version of my paper “Moralische Urteile als Beschreibungen institutioneller Tatsachen. Unterwegs zu einer Theorie moralischer Urteile“, in: Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 79, 1993, 372-392. It deals with the question of what a moral judgment is. On the one hand, a satisfactory theory of moral judgments must take into account the descriptive character of moral judgments and the realistic language of morals. On the other hand, it must also meet the non-descriptive character (...)
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  11. Georg Kohler, We Indians - or, the Minor and the Major. An Attempt to Bring Across the Feeling of Being Swiss.
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  12. Christoph Halbig, Intuitions in Moral Realism.
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  13. Christoph Halbig, The Philosopher as Polyphemus? Philosophy & Common Sense in Hegel and Jacobi.
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  14. Christoph Halbig, Andreas Hansberger & Michael Quante, Which Reality for Values?
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  15. Raji C. Steineck, Enlightened Authorship: The Case of Dōgen Kigen.
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  16. Raji C. Steineck & Christian Schwemann, Introduction.
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  17. Robert H. Gassmann, To Emend or Not to Emend: On Determining the Integrity of Some Ancient Chinese Texts.
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  18. Robert H. Gassmann, Preliminary Thoughts on the Relationship Between Lexicon and Writing in the Guodian Texts.
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  19. Simone Müller, The Compilator as the Narrator: Awareness of Authorship, Authorial Presence and Author Figurations in Japanese Imperial Anthologies, with a Special Focus on the Kokin Wakashū.
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  20. G. Brun & D. Kuenzle, Introduction: A New Role for Emotions in Epistemology?
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  21. Stefan Riegelnik, "Having Identified an Utterance..." - Predication and Interpretation.
    What is it for predicates to mean what they do and what is their contribution to the meaning of an utterance? It is exactly this question to which Davidson dedicates his book "Truth and Predication" (2005). Most commentators focus on Davidson's discussion of failed accounts, in particular of Frege's account. In contrast to this tendency, I focus here on Davidson's own account. The structure is as follows. First, I sketch the problem of predication and I glance at Davidson's discussion of (...)
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  22. Maria-Sibylla Lotter, Wittgenstein on the Sinister and Dreadful in Alien Practices.
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  23. Josette Baer, Revolution, Modus Vivendi or Sovereignty? The Political Thought of the Slovak National Movement From 1861 to 1914.
    This study, the first of its kind in English, presents an overview of Slovak intellectual history in the 19th century, including the debates surrounding the memorandum of 1861, the political stagnation of the 1880s, characterized by an increasingly Russophile orientation, and, finally, Czechoslovakism as the way to common independence with the Czechs. The selected portraits of six intellectuals and politicians should be seen as a prism through which Slovak intellectual history appears in its various facets. The narodovci (the pioneers of (...)
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  24. Florian Demont, Correct Language Use: How Syntactic and Normative Constraints Converge.
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  25. Michael Schefczyk, Neutralism, Perfectionism and Respect for Persons.
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  26. Michael Schefczyk, Review of Mark Jensen: Civil Society in a Liberal Democracy, Routledge, 2011. [REVIEW]
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  27. Ralph Weber, What About the Billeter-Jullien Debate? And What Was It About?
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  28. Giorgio Baruchello & Ralph Weber, 'Who Are We?' On Rorty, Rhetoric, and Politics.
    It is not unusual to think of Rorty’s work as a success in rhetoric and a failure in political philosophy. In this article we re-evaluate this assessment by analyzing a typical feature of Rorty’s writing: his frequent use of “we so-and-so.” Taking stock of the existing literature on the subject we discuss how Rorty’s use of the “we” was received by peers and how he himself made sense of it. We then analyze Rorty’s oeuvre in order to show that a (...)
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  29. Patricia Deflorin, Maike Scherrer-Rathje & Michael Schefczyk, Trade-Offs Are Not Exogenous.
    Trade-offs between competitive priorities are often seen as exogenous – managers accept them as a given downside while simultaneously addressing multiple competitive priorities. However, some companies seem to face fewer trade-offs than others. The question is how companies reduce their trade-offs to successfully compete on multiple competitive priorities simultaneously. We address this question by theorising that bundles of action programmes are needed to reduce trade-offs between competitive priorities. We examine four Swiss manufacturing plants and show how the selection of action (...)
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  30. Johannes Thomann, An Arabic Ephemeris for the Year 1026/1027 CE. In the Vienna Papyrus Collection.
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  31. Josette Baer, A Life Dedicated to the Republic. Vavro Srobar's Slovak Czechoslovakism.
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  32. Tobias Delfs, “What Shall Become of the Mission When We Have Such Incompetent Missionaries There?” Drunkenness and Mission in Eighteenth Century Danish East India.
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  33. Alfred Michael Hirt, The Roman Jazira From a Miltary Perspective.
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  34. Alfred Michael Hirt, Imperial Mines and Quarries in the Roman World : Organizational Aspects, 27 BC-AD 235.
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  35. S. Randeria & C. Grunder, The (Un)Making of Policy in the Shadow of the World Bank: Infrastructure Development, Urban Resettlement and the Cunning State in India.
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  36. Christoph Uehlinger, Neither Eyewitnesses, nor Windows to the Past, but Valuable Testimony in its Own Right. Re-Marks on Iconography, Source Criticism, and Ancient Data Processing.
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  37. R. Seidel, Reading Kant in Teheran. Towards a Reception of the Iranian Reception of European Philosophy.
    The purpose of this article is to furnish insights into the variety of ways in which European philosophy has been, and is being, received in Iran. The reception of Kantian thought in Iran exemplifies in significant ways the transmission of European philosophy into a non-European context, since the philosophy of Kant is discussed by a variety of intellectuals and scholars and in many different ways. The article first briefly discusses the motives of this study along with some methodological questions concerning (...)
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  38. S. Randeria, Civil Society and Legal Pluralism in the Shadow of Caste: Entangled Modernities in Post-Colonial India.
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  39. S. Randeria, Eisenstadt, Dumont and Foucault: The Challenge of Historical Entanglements for Comparative Civilization as Analysis.
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  40. S. Randeria, Entangled Histories: Civil Society, Caste Solidarities and Legal Pluralism in Post-Colonial India.
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  41. S. Randeria, Global Designs and Local Lifeworlds: Colonial Legacies of Conservation, Disenfranchisement and Environmental Governance in Postcolonial India.
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  42. Dorothea Lüddeckens, Robert Langer, Kerstin Radde & Jan Snoek, Transfer of Ritual.
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  43. K. Michaelowa, The Political Economy of US Aid to Pakistan.
    Variations of bilateral aid flows are difficult to explain on the basis of official development objectives or recipient need. Based on the example of US aid to Pakistan, this paper suggests alternative political economic explanations, notably the relevance of ethnic lobbying and the relevance of US business interests. Time series regressions for the period from 1980 to 2002 and logistic regressions based on votes for the Pressler and the Brown Amendment confirm the significance of these political economic determinants. While in (...)
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  44. K. Michaelowa, The Impact of Primary and Secondary Education on Higher Education Quality.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship among different levels of education. Design/methodology/approach – International cross-country comparisons, bi- and multivariate analyses, with many graphical illustrations. These methods are used to compare educational outcomes at the primary, secondary and tertiary level in terms of quantity (enrolment) and quality (measured in terms of student achievement, university rankings, patents and researchers), and to analyse the impact of heterogeneity between secondary schools on tertiary outcomes. Findings – (...)
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  45. Daniel Carey & Sven Trakulhun (2009). Universalism, Diversity, and the Postcolonial Enlightenment. In Daniel Carey & Lynn Festa (eds.), The Postcolonial Enlightenment: Eighteenth-Century Colonialism and Postcolonial Theory. Oup Oxford.
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  46. N. Kosmatopoulos, Review: Gil Eyal, The Disenchantment of the Orient: Expertise in Arab Affairs and the Israeli State, Stanford University Press, 2006. [REVIEW]
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  47. N. Kosmatopoulos, Review Of: Nuvar Hovsebian (Ed). “The War on Lebanon: A Reader. Olive Branch Press (2008). [REVIEW]
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  48. E. Manea, The Arab State and Women's Rights: The Case of Saudi Arabia. The Limits of the Possible.
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  49. K. Liechti & U. Müller, Negotiating Conservation: Meaningful Spaces in a World Heritage Debate.
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  50. S. Hotz, Wider Die Öffentliche Ordnung Und Die Guten Sitten – Eine Annäherung an Die Japanische Generalklausel Aus Europäischer Perspektive.
    The article outlines what kind of contents and circumstances of contracts are against “public order and good morals” according to Japanese contract law (Art. 90 Minpô)while examining the history of reception, the terms, the dogmatic understanding, and selected examples of contracts. From a dogmatic point of view, the historically laid interaction between Art. 90 and Art. 91 Minpô (private autonomy) is still interesting: here is no general rule for “illegality” of a contract in the Japanese civil code as there is (...)
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  51. C. Bichsel, It's About More Water. Natural Resource Conflicts in Central Asia.
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  52. B. Shahbaz, C. P. Vinod, U. Geiser, T. Sadaf, L. Schärer & U. Müller-Böker, Access to Livelihood Assets: Insights From South Asia on How Institutions Work.
    The present contribution is an attempt to understand the conditions that impede some households and social groups in securing a decent livelihood by drawing on ‘purported’ facilitating institutions. It is generally agreed that access to livelihood assets is negotiated through institutions. However, the way in which these institutions operate in everyday practice and in specific contexts is less well understood. The four case studies presented here there- fore analyse how customary norms and state regulations work. The article argues that a (...)
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  53. G. Barden & R. Weber, Rhetorics of Authority: Leviticus and the Analects Compared.
    The biblical text Leviticus and the Confucian Analects might appear as neither an obvious nor a very promising choice for a comparative philosophical exercise. To be sure, both texts now and then do share some similarity in matter. But such similarity in matter upon closer examination and contextualisation frequently turns out to be undermined by overt differences which call into question the comparative effort. Our comparison therefore proceeds from a different angle and is motivated by an asserted similarity in rhetoric, (...)
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  54. C. Bichsel, Conflict Transformation in Central Asia : Irrigation Disputes in the Ferghana Valley.
    This book provides the first systematic analysis of peace-building in Central Asia for inter-ethnic conflicts over water and land in the Ferghana Valley based on concrete, in-depth and on-site investigation. The core analysis centres on peace-building projects in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan by three international aid agencies –an international NGO, a bilateral governmental donor and a multilateral agency – and the shared approach which the donors developed and used for conflict transformation. Using ethnographic case material, the author critically examines both (...)
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  55. Benedikt Korf, Cartographic Violence: Engaging a Sinhala Kind of Geography.
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  56. Benedikt Korf, Make Law, Not War? On the Political Economy of Violence and Appropriation.
    Economists have developed a number of theories based on warlord or bandit models to explain intra-state conflict and civil war. These models assume rational agents that agitate in a kind of institutional vacuum. This view is flawed. Ethnographic studies from civil wars suggest that livelihoods and institutions in the context of a war economy are very complex, more complex than those models suggest. We do not find an institutional vacuum – or anarchy – but a hybrid set of overlapping and (...)
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  57. Benedikt Korf, Development II.
    Development is not thinkable without a functioning state. Many postcolonial societies, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia, experience processes of a disintegrating state that fails to deliver development and security. In its most extreme case, such state failure can lead to complete state collapse, coupled with civil war and protracted violent conflict. In the Western discourses of development, state collapse is often seen as exemplified in so-called new wars that are based on warlordism and bush economies. In this sense, (...)
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  58. S. Randeria, Malthus Versus Condorcet - Population Policy, Gender and Culture From an Ethnological Perspective.
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  59. S. Thieme & U. Müller-Böker, Social Networks and Migration: Women's Livelihoods Between Far West Nepal and Delhi.
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  60. D. Suleymanova, International Language Rights Norms in the Dispute Over Latinization Reform in the Republic of Tatarstan.
    This paper explores the role of international language rights norms in the dispute over script reform in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. In the late 1990s, the authorities of Tatarstan initiated reform to change the orthographic base of the Tatar language from a Cyrillic- to a Latin-based script. However, this reform was subsequently banned by a Russian federal law that stipulated the mandatory use of the Cyrillic alphabet for all state languages in Russia. In protesting this decision, Tatar language activists (...)
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  61. Yvonne Michalik & Laura Coppens, Asian Hot Shots: Indonesian Cinema.
    Indonesia is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. A unique cultural diversity has developed on its countless islands – yet the Western world knows surprisingly little about Indonesian culture. In particular, hardly anything is known about Indonesian film, which, as social seismograph, has the potential to communicate the views specific to this culture to the rest of the world. This book, with its contributions from renowned Australian, Dutch, German and Indonesian film experts, closes a gap by (...)
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  62. C. Bichsel, G. Fokou, A. Ibraimova, U. Kasymov, B. Steimann & S. Thieme, Natural Resource Institutions in Transformation: The Tragedy and Glory of the Private.
    The present article focuses on continuity and change in natural resource institutions in post-Soviet Kyrgyzstan. Two main trends have characterised the management of water, agricultural land and pastures since the country became independent in 1991. First, while natural resources were collective and state-owned during the Soviet period, they are now being gradually pri- vatised and passed into individual or group ownership. Second, by contrast with central administration under the Soviet regime, after independence natural resource management has been and is increasingly (...)
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  63. Helen Keller & Andreas Fischer, The UN Anti-Terror Sanctions Regime Under Pressure.
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  64. Christoph Uehlinger, Gaza: I. Pre-Hellenistic Period.
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  65. D. Suleymanova, Tatar Groups in Vkontakte: The Interplay Between Ethnic and Virtual Identities on Social Networking Sites.
    Vkontakte is a popular Russian online social network where, among other things, users can create thematic groups and invite people to join them to exchange information, meet other users, and discuss different issues. In this article, I focus on groups that are formed around issues related to Tatars, the second largest ethnic group in Russia. On the basis of my study of Tatar groups, I argue that Vkontakte is a powerful tool for ethnic networking that connects Tatars from all over (...)
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  66. J. Bourdon & K. Michaelowa, Struck by Crisis.
    Achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of universal primary education will depend on enrolment in schools and the quality of teaching. Funds are needed, and there is reason to fear that the global economic crisis will slow down progress.
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  67. M. Mahlmann, Freedom and Faith - Foundations of Freedom of Religion.
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  68. M. Mahlmann, Theorizing Transnational Law: Varieties of Transnational Law and the Universalistic Stance.
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  69. U. Müller-Böker & S. Thieme, Livelihood Strategies in a Marginal Area of Nepal (Far West Nepal), with an Emphasis on Labour Migration to India.
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  70. M. Mahlmann, New Trends of Cognitive Science in Ethical and Legal Reflection.
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  71. A. Michaelowa & K. Michaelowa, Does Human Development Really Require Greenhouse Gas Emissions?
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  72. U. Müller-Böker & N. Backhaus, Socio-Geographic Perspectives on Global Change: The Global Change Debate is Linked with Equity.
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  73. U. Müller, G. Gurung, M. Kollmair & U. Müller-Böker, “Because the Project is Helping Us to Improve Our Lives, We Also Help Them with Conservation”: Integrated Conservation and Development in the Kangchenjunga Conservation Area, Nepal.
    The present case study of the Kangchenjunga Conservation Area Project (KCAP), located in the north-eastern corner of Nepal, empirically investigates successes in and obstacles to addressing biodiversity conservation priorities at the same time as local inhabitants’ livelihood needs. The research results indicate an improvement in forest conditions and a perceptible growth of the wildlife population – judging from the increase in crop and livestock depredations – as well as an enhancement of local people’s livelihoods and the creation of a positive (...)
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  74. Ariane Knüsel, British Conservatives, the Red Menace and Anti-British Agitation in China, 1924-1927.
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  75. Ariane Knüsel, Rezension von "Tom Buchanan, East Wind: China and the British Left, 1925-1976. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012".
    Tom Buchanan's insightful and exhaustively researched study fills a gap in the historiography of British views on China. While the past years have seen an increasing number of publications about Anglo-Chinese relations, the British Left's relations with China have been mostly ignored. Buchanan analyzes three aspects of this relationship between 1925 and 1976: namely, the role the British Left played in organizations like the China Campaign Committee or the Britain-China Friendship Association, “the policies and attitudes of the ‘mainstream’ Labour movement” (...)
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  76. E. Isabaeva, Moscow Was Not Built at Once': On How Squatter-Settlement Residents in Bishkek Organize Their Life.
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  77. Christian Marek, A Roman Period Inscription in South Arabia.
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  78. Christian Marek, Political Institutions and the Lycian and Karian Language in the Process of Hellenization Between the Achaemenids and the Early Diadochi.
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  79. Christian Marek, Imperial Asia Minor: Economic Prosperity and Names.
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  80. Miriam Wenner, Challenging the State by Reproducing its Principles. The Demand for “Gorkhaland” Between Regional Autonomy and the National Belonging.
    Contrary to assumptions about the dualist relationship between region and nation, I propose to understand both as simultaneously emerging. An analysis of the rhetoric of the “Gorkhaland” movement that demands a separate union state in India to be carved out of West Bengal demonstrates that although the movement challenges the distribution of power over territory, it does so by using a “pan-Indian grammar,” to borrow Baruah’s terminology. This is reflected in imaginative geographies that endow the demanded territory with meaning and (...)
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  81. Sagar Raj Sharma, Bishnu Raj Upreti & Ulrike Müller-Böker, Negotiating Access to Land in Nepal.
    In a rural agrarian economy like that of Nepal, land has traditionally been a primary source of livelihood and security, as well as a symbol of status. Thousands of poor farmers are completely dependent on land for their livelihoods, yet not all of them have access to or control over this fundamental resource. Negotiation for access to land has been a lengthy and complicated process. It remains so in the changed political context of Nepal, where increasing numbers of emerging actors (...)
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  82. Ralph Weber, A Stick Which May Be Grabbed by Either End: Sino-Hellenic Studies as a Token of Comparative Philosophy.
    Recently, Jeremy Tanner has published a highly informative review article in the Journal of Hellenic Studies, in which he introduces and advertises “Sino-Hellenic Studies” as a new and upcoming subfield in academic inquiry. Tanner particularly focuses on what he terms “Sino-Hellenic comparative philosophy,” while developing his perspective clearly from within contemporary Classicists’ academic parameters. In this paper, I approach the matter precisely from the other end, i.e. from within contemporary comparative philosophy, distinguishing four different approaches in comparative philosophy, pointing out (...)
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  83. Dagmar Wujastyk, Perfect Medicine: Mercury in Sanskrit Medical Literature.
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  84. Yue Zhuang, ‚Luxury' and ‚the Surprising' in Sir William Chambers' ‚Dissertation on Oriental Gardening' (1772): Commercial Society and Burke's Sublime-Effect.
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  85. Angelika Malinar, Sensory Perception and Notions of the Senses Sāṃkhya Philosophy.
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  86. M. Beckstein, John S. Dryzek, Deliberative Global Politics. Discourse and Democracy in a Divided World.
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  87. Hans Johann Glock, Wittgenstein on Concepts.
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  88. Paola von Wyss-Giacosa, Investigating Religion Visually. On the Role and Significance of Engravings in Athanasius Kircher's Discourse on Idolatry.
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  89. Sarah Tietz, Review Of: Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life, by Justin E.H. Smith. [REVIEW]
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  90. Devji Faisal, Jinnah and the Theatre of Politics.
    In this essay I will look at the way in which Pakistan’s founder, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, managed to lead Muslims without claiming to resemble them in any way. His heretical background, anglicized character, and sheer arrogance instead served to augment rather than detract from Jinnah’s popularity, because he represented a politics based on novelty rather than heredity, artifice rather than authenticity. Muslim politics in colonial India was founded upon the rejection of blood-and-soil forms of nationality, which could only define the (...)
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  91. Siddharth Satpathy, The World of Gangadhar: Birth of Everyday Life in Colonial Cuttack.
    The General Baptist Missionary Society of England began its work at Cuttack, a provincial town on the east coast of India, in 1822. It engaged suitable adult native converts as itinerant preachers. It encouraged them to maintain journals and describe their everyday life in rich detail. This paper offers a reading of three crucial concerns of the everyday life these journals construct: time, interiority, and public good. Constituted by simultaneously pursued dialogues with English and Oriya discursive traditions, these notions and (...)
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  92. Sarah Tietz, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716).
    Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716) was a German philosopher, mathematician, physicist, scientist, politician, diplomat, historian and librarian. He is known as the last universal genius and as one of the most famous philosophers of his time. Leibniz invented a mechanical calculator, developed the infinitesimal calculus, anticipated modern computational science and paved the way for the discovery of the principle of the conservation of energy in physics. He was one of the first to solve mechanical problems by self-regulating systems, anticipated modern geology (...)
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  93. Michael H. Fisher, Writing Lives of Indians in Early Nineteenth Century India and Britain.
    By the mid-19th century, 20–40,000 Indian men and women of all classes had traveled to Britain. All left oral accounts that have not survived. But among the notable few who represented themselves directly in written sources (in Persian, Urdu, Nepali, or English), the entangled lives of Sake Dean Mahomet (1759–1851) and David Ochterlony Dyce Sombre (1808–1851) have proved engaging, challenging, and fruitful to study. Born only 600 miles apart in north India, they created dramatically different careers. Mahomet transformed himself from (...)
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  94. Maya Burger, Transcultural Conversion: The Life of Pandita Ramabai (1858–1922).
    Pandita Ramabai provides an instructively complex example for a transcultural biography, a life extending over different and distant cultural spaces, times and practices. After travelling around India, from south to north, east to west, in the function of an itinerary religious story reciter, she went and lived in England, spent two years in America, returned and settled in India. In the process of living across countries, Ramabai converted to Christianity, yet her autobiography documents that her conversion was socially not livable (...)
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  95. Henning Trüper, Biography Afield.
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  96. Sven Trakulhun, Among a People of Unclean Lips: Eliza and John Taylor in Siam (1833–1851).
    John Taylor Jones (1802–1851) and his first wife, Eliza Grew Jones (1803–1838), were the first American Baptist missionaries working in Siam during the reign of King Rama III. They arrived in Bangkok in 1833, started preaching the Gospel in the Siamese capital and in subsequent years prepared a translation of the New Testament as well as other religious tracts in Thai explaining the basic elements of the Christian faith. The couple’s arduous proselytizing work in Siam did not lead to a (...)
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  97. Sven Trakulhun, Negotiating Biography in Asia and Europe.
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  98. Henning Trüper, Dispersed Personae: Subject-Matters of Scholarly Biography in Nineteenth-Century Oriental Philology.
    This paper is about the history of the European scholarly life as scripted reality. To this end, it explores a variety of patterns of discourse and genres of text concerning the nature and purpose of biography, personhood, and subjectivity in the world of scholarly learning, and more precisely, Oriental studies, in the closing decades of the 19th century. The paper draws on materials pertaining to the lives of Ignaz Goldziher (1850–1921), Theodor Nöldeke (1836–1930), and Enno Littmann (1875–1958). The argument aims (...)
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  99. Angelika Malinar, "...Western-Born but in Spirit Eastern..." - Annie Besant Between Colonial and Spiritual Realms.
    The life of Annie Besant (1847–1933) is marked by a remarkable spectrum of engagements which entailed numerous crossings of borders and boundaries demarcating social, cultural, ideological, geo-political as well as gender distinctions. During her early career she was a prominent supporter of rationalism, atheism, women’s rights, birth-control, and socialism. She later turned to Theosophy and settled in India, where she became the President of the Theosophical Society and an important figure in the Indian independence movement. Her biography can to a (...)
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  100. Rafael Ferber, Introduction to "Sophistae".
    Plato’s “Apology of Socrates” is a masterpiece of the philosophical literature. The question remains as to how much it has been influenced by earlier works, e.g. of Gorgias of Leontinoi and Euripides. Nevertheless, comparative studies on Hippolytus’ defense in Euripides’ tragedy of the same name, on Gorgias’ “Defense of Palamedes” and on Plato’s “Apology” do not exist. The short paper gives an introduction into the status quaestionis.
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