58 found

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Forthcoming articles
  1. Bart Kamphorst & Annemarie Kalis (forthcoming). Why Option Generation Matters for the Design of Autonomous E-Coaching Systems. AI and Society.
    Autonomous e-coaching systems offer their users suggestions for action, thereby affecting the user's decision-making process. More specifically, the suggestions that these systems make influence the options for action that people actually consider. Surprisingly though, options and the corresponding process of option generation --- a decision-making stage preceding intention formation and action selection --- has received very little attention in the various disciplines studying decision making. We argue that this neglect is unjustified and that it is important, particularly for designers of (...)
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  2. Oliver Bendel (forthcoming). Considerations About the Relationship Between Animal and Machine Ethics. AI and Society.
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  3. A. K. Bhatt & D. Pant (forthcoming). Automatic Apple Grading Model Development Based on Back Propagation Neural Network and Machine Vision, and its Performance Evaluation. AI and Society.
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  4. Francien Dechesne, Amineh Ghorbani & Neil Yorke-Smith (forthcoming). Introduction to the Special Issue on Agent-Based Modelling for Policy Engineering. AI and Society.
  5. U. Gerhardt, R. Breitschwerdt & O. Thomas (forthcoming). Relapse Prevention in Drug Addiction: Addressing a Messy Problem by IS Action Research. AI and Society.
  6. Chikahiro Hanamura (forthcoming). Study on Design of Shikake for Landscape Foreignization. AI and Society.
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  7. Teruaki Hayashi & Yukio Ohsawa (forthcoming). Shikakeological Approach of Innovators Marketplace as Role-Based Game and Evaluation Method for Solutions. AI and Society.
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  8. Christina Klüver, Jürgen Klüver & Björn Zurmaar (forthcoming). OSWI: A Consulting System for Pupils and Prospective Students on the Basis of Neural Networks. AI and Society.
  9. Naohiro Matsumura, Renate Fruchter & Larry Leifer (forthcoming). Shikakeology: Designing Triggers for Behavior Change. AI and Society.
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  10. Daniel Memmi (forthcoming). A Social Contract for Virtual Institutions. AI and Society.
  11. Jeremy Pitt, Dídac Busquets & Régis Riveret (forthcoming). The Pursuit of Computational Justice in Open Systems. AI and Society.
  12. Sharmila Savarimuthu, Maryam Purvis, Martin Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu (forthcoming). An Agent-Based Simulation for Restricting Exploitation in Electronic Societies Through Social Mechanisms. AI and Society.
  13. Gokul Somasekharan (forthcoming). Bernhard Irrgang: Critics of Technological Lifeworld, Collection of Philosophical Essays. AI and Society.
  14. Kevin Warwick & Huma Shah (forthcoming). Effects of Lying in Practical Turing Tests. AI and Society.
  15. Hiroaki Yamane & Masafumi Hagiwara (forthcoming). Tag Line Generating System Using Knowledge Extracted From Statistical Analyses. AI and Society.
  16. Muhammad Yasir, Martin K. Purvis, Maryam Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu (forthcoming). Agent-Based Community Coordination of Local Energy Distribution. AI and Society.
  17. Asim Zia & Christopher Koliba (forthcoming). The Emergence of Attractors Under Multi-Level Institutional Designs: Agent-Based Modeling of Intergovernmental Decision Making for Funding Transportation Projects. AI and Society.
  18. Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko, Pekka Valkama & Stephen J. Bailey (forthcoming). Smart Cities in the New Service Economy: Building Platforms for Smart Services. AI and Society:1-12.
    Recent changes in service environments have changed the preconditions of their production and consumption. These changes include unbundling services from production processes, growth of the information-rich economy and society, the search for creativity in service production and consumption and continuing growth of digital technologies. These contextual changes affect city governments because they provide a range of infrastructure and welfare services to citizens. Concepts such as ‘smart city’, ‘intelligent city’ and ‘knowledge city’ build new horizons for cities in undertaking their challenging (...)
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  19. Bhanu Prakash Battula & R. Satya Prasad (forthcoming). A Novel Network Framework Using Similar-to-Different Learning Strategy. AI and Society:1-10.
    Most of the existing classification techniques concentrate on learning the datasets as a single similar unit, in spite of so many differentiating attributes and complexities involved. However, traditional classification techniques are required to analyze the datasets prior to learning, and if not doing so, they loss their performance in terms of accuracy and AUC. To this end, many of the machine learning problems can be very easily solved just by carefully observing human learning and training nature and then mimicking the (...)
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  20. Trevor Brown & Dietrich Brandt (forthcoming). How High Growth Economies Impact Global Information Technology Departments. AI and Society:1-7.
    By the very nature of information technology (IT), change and dynamism have always been significant drivers on its path to further development—and it has traditionally been the Western countries leading these. Now the picture is changing. The new high growth economies of the world (also known as BRIC countries) are increasingly pressing forward as active IT development drivers. Internal IT organizations of international companies are experiencing these global shifts firsthand and are facing changes in their traditional roles. This exploratory research (...)
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  21. Peter J. Carew & Larry Stapleton (forthcoming). Towards Empathy: A Human-Centred Analysis of Rationality, Ethics and Praxis in Systems Development. AI and Society:1-18.
    Functionalism has long been the dominant paradigm in systems development practice. However, functionalism promotes an innate and immutable instrumental rationality that is indifferent to human values, rights, society, culture and international stability. It, in essence, lacks empathy. Although alternative paradigms have been promoted for decades in the systems development literature to help address this deficit, functionalism remains dominant. This paper reiterates the call for a fundamental paradigm shift away from myopic functionalism and towards a more empathic and human-centred philosophy. It (...)
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  22. V. G. R. Chandran, Veera Pandiyan Kaliani Sundram & Sinnappan Santhidran (forthcoming). Innovation Systems in Malaysia: A Perspective of University—Industry R&D Collaboration. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-10.
    Collaborative research and development (R&D) activities between public universities and industry are of importance for the sustainable development of the innovation ecosystem. However, policymakers especially in developing countries show little knowledge on the issues. In this paper, we analyse the level of university–industry collaboration in Malaysia. We further examine the fundamental conditions that hinder university–industry collaboration despite the government’s initiatives to improve such linkages. We show that the low collaboration is a result of an R&D gap between the entities. While (...)
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  23. Alan Cottey (forthcoming). Technologies, Culture, Work, Basic Income and Maximum Income. AI and Society:1-9.
    Radical changes of our cultural values in the near future are inevitable, since the current culture is ecologically unsustainable. The present proposal, radical as it may seem to some, is accordingly offered as worthy of consideration. The main section of this article is on a proposed scheme, named Asset and Income Limits, for instituting maxima to the legitimate incomes and assets of individuals. This scheme involves every individual being associated with two bank accounts, an asset account (their own property) and (...)
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  24. S. Daniel (forthcoming). Database Aesthetics: Issues of Organization and Category in Online Art. AI and Society.
  25. Denis Dennehy, Mike Fitzgibbon & Fergal Carton (forthcoming). International Development: Exploring the Gap Between Organisations' Development Policy and Practice—a Southern Perspective. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-10.
    International development policies inevitably encounter a conflict in their implementation, representing the gap between universal goals and grass-roots practice. The aim of this study was to explore and understand the significance of this gap, and to apply knowledge management principles as a lens to suggest bridging solutions. The research focuses on non-governmental organisations, which are a sub-section of the civil society. The study was unique as it took a Southern perspective—the views and experiences of policy-makers, practitioners and beneficiaries in Kenya (...)
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  26. Tedla Desta, Mike Fitzgibbon & Noreen Byrne (forthcoming). Exploring the Role of Citizen Journalism in Slum Improvement: The Case of 'Voice of Kibera'. AI and Society:1-6.
    This paper explores the role of citizen journalism in the improvement of slums through the Voice of Kibera (VoK) case study. To meet the research objectives, both qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. The study used content analysis, a survey and interview techniques. It concluded that citizen journalism in the VoK uses a participatory, bottom-up approach, with the residents taking a lead role in the production and consumption of news, and that it plays its part in improving the lives of (...)
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  27. Chun Ding & Junyang Li (forthcoming). Analysis Over Factors of Innovation in China's Fast Economic Growth Since its Beginning of Reform and Opening Up. AI and Society:1-10.
    The technological progress makes great contribution to the rapid economic growth of China during its past three decades of reform and opening up. An empirical analysis conducted over China’s total factor productivity certifies this conclusion but it also reveals that China’s TFP growth rate is not very high. We further explore the various stages of change of China’s total factor productivity and the causes of these changes and finally take an analytical calculation over the present flaws of China’s innovation system (...)
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  28. Dieter Eißel & Chin Peng Chu (forthcoming). The Future of Sustainable Transport System for Europe. AI and Society:1-16.
    The EU has launched targets for energy efficiency and the reduction in pollutant emissions in the transport sector. It establishes a framework to foster the promotion and development of a market for clean vehicles. In 2011 the EU passed a “Roadmap to a single European transport area—Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system”. This roadmap includes 40 concrete initiatives for the next decade to build a competitive transport system that will increase mobility, remove major barriers in key areas and (...)
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  29. Manisha Gangahar (forthcoming). Locating the Self Between National and Global. AI and Society:1-6.
    How does one begin to define the global identity? How does globalization offers a sense of identity, a sense of belonging, to an individual, in particular a non-westerner? Has globalization given a new identity to the erstwhile-colonized subject, who had been holding on tightly to the idea of nationalism that offered him an identity—passport into the world? My paper explores the contestation of identity—culturally—in the globalized world. It argues that cultural identity remains in a flux, whatever may the context be. (...)
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  30. Renuka Garg & Manish Sidhpuria (forthcoming). Strategic Interventions to Enhance Competitiveness: A Case of Surat Zari Industry in India. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-15.
    Surat zari industry is one of the oldest industries in Surat (Gujarat state in the western part of India) dating back to the sixteenth century. It enjoys the status of cottage industry since 1955. Zari is an intermediate product broadly catering to two end-user industries—textiles industry including handicrafts and the fashion industry. It is largely a family-owned, community-based, skilled-oriented, fragmented industry, with a very low level of automation, experiencing intensive rivalry. Zari making involves a series of inter-related closely guarded processes, (...)
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  31. Mihály Héder (forthcoming). The Machine's Role in Human's Service Automation and Knowledge Sharing. AI and Society:1-8.
    The possibility of interacting with remote services in natural language opens up new opportunities for sharing knowledge and for automating services. Easy-to-use, text-based interfaces might provide more democratic access to legal information, government services, and everyday knowledge as well. However, the methodology of engineering robust natural language interfaces is very diverse, and widely deployed solutions are still yet to come. The main contribution is a detailed problem analysis on the theoretical level, which reveals that a text-based interface is best understood (...)
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  32. Marion Hersh (forthcoming). Science, Technology and Values: Promoting Ethics and Social Responsibility. AI and Society:1-17.
    The paper discusses the limitations of engineering ethics as implemented in practice, with a focus on the fact that engineering and other activities are carried out without any consideration of whether the activities are themselves ethical, and on the gap between legality and ethics. This leads to the following three central ideas of the paper. The first is the need for engineers to both be aware of and critique their own values and be able to widen their perspective to that (...)
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  33. Annett Juras, Janine Brockmeier, Vera Niedergesaess & Dietrich Brandt (forthcoming). Trust and Team Development to Fight Chaos: Three Student Reports. AI and Society:1-9.
    The world is increasingly developing towards complex and chaotic behaviour. Enterprises are challenged to establish flexible but trustworthy structures of doing business within global instability. We need to educate our students today for coping with such chaotic patterns in their professional future. As an example, the student-run Europe-wide organisation ESTIEM is offering the 2-week Summer Academy (SAC) to develop the communication skills corresponding. It also means among other aims to strengthen mutual trust through interaction of the students. In 2011, one (...)
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  34. Gagan Deep Kaur (forthcoming). Kant and the Simulation Hypothesis. AI and Society:1-10.
    Computational imagination (CI) conceives imagination as an agent’s simulated sensorimotor interaction with the environment in the absence of sensory feedback, predicting consequences based on this interaction (Marques and Holland in Neurocomputing 72:743–759, 2009). Its bedrock is the simulation hypothesis whereby imagination resembles seeing or doing something in reality as both involve similar neural structures in the brain (Hesslow in Trends Cogn Sci 6(6):242–247, 2002). This paper raises two-forked doubts: (1) neural-level equivalence is escalated to make phenomenological equivalence. Even at an (...)
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  35. Erja Kettunen (forthcoming). China's Policy Environment Toward Foreign Companies: Implications to High-Tech Sectors. AI and Society:1-11.
    The paper discusses the Chinese policy environment as regards the experiences of foreign firms in China. In particular, the study focuses on the changes in China’s policies toward foreign-invested firms and the companies’ perceptions of protectionism of the Chinese regulatory environment. Theoretically, the paper reflects approaches in international political economy and business studies on the bargaining relations between host states and firms, and institutional perspective on business strategy that focuses on the dynamic interaction between organizations and their institutional environment. Hence, (...)
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  36. Bernadett Koles & Balakrishnan Kondath (forthcoming). Organizational Climate in Hungary, Portugal, and India: A Cultural Perspective. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-9.
    Organizational climate has been linked to a variety of positive outcomes, including increased organizational success, lower employee turnover, higher job satisfaction, and enhanced employee and overall firm performance. The purpose of this paper is to explore similarities and differences in organizational climate across an emerging, a post-transitional, and a developed economy, more specifically focusing on India, Hungary, and Portugal. A comprehensive multi-dimensional measure of organizational climate is used, incorporating 17 scales across four quadrants: human relations, internal process, open systems, and (...)
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  37. Antonio Lobo, Bruno Mascitelli & Jue Chen (forthcoming). Opportunities for Small and Medium Enterprises in the Innovation and Marketing of Organic Food: Investigating Consumers' Purchase Behaviour of Organic Food Products in Victoria, Australia. AI and Society:1-12.
    This research study investigates Victorian consumers’ understanding, awareness and perceptions of organic food products. Analysis of the quantitative data revealed that there are three major segments of consumers, i.e., pro-organics, reluctant consumers and organic sceptics. The buying and usage pattern of these segments has been identified as also their demographic profile. The findings of this study are strategically important for small and medium size organic food producers. They would be better able to practise and implement differentiation strategies for the three (...)
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  38. I. Lytie (forthcoming). Software as Multimedia Text: Design of Open Multimedia Systems. AI and Society.
  39. David E. Martin (forthcoming). An Inquiry Into Human Nature and the Cost of the Wealth of Nations. AI and Society:1-6.
    Current economic ontology development has failed to confront two important errors associated with historicism. Embracing the linearity of economic value being directly attributed to the labor applied to natural resources taken together with efficiency arguments used to justify monetary policy on both the microlevel (transaction) and macrolevel (global trade), we know these legacies of the scientific method applied to economic systems have left the G-20 paralyzed to deal with structural failings evidenced from banking to business to economic policy. An exploration (...)
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  40. Tobias Matzner (forthcoming). The Model Gap: Cognitive Systems in Security Applications and Their Ethical Implications. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-8.
    The use of cognitive systems like pattern recognition or video tracking technology in security applications is becoming ever more common. The paper considers cases in which the cognitive systems are meant to assist human tasks by providing information, but the final decision is left to the human. All these systems and their various applications have a common feature: an intrinsic difference in how a situation or an event is assessed by a human being and a cognitive system. This difference, which (...)
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  41. Stuart Moran, Khaled Bachour & Toyoaki Nishida (forthcoming). User Perceptions of Anthropomorphic Robots as Monitoring Devices. AI and Society:1-21.
    The principle behind anthropomorphic robots is that the appearance and behaviours enable the pre-defined social skills that people use with each other each day to be used as a means of interaction. One of the problems with this approach is that there are many attributes of such a robot which can influence a user’s behaviour, potentially causing undesirable effects. This paper aims to identify and discuss a series of the most salient behaviour influencing factors in the literature, related to a (...)
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  42. V. Hari Narayanan (forthcoming). Embodied Cognition and the Orwell's Problem in Cognitive Science. AI and Society:1-5.
    Embodied approach to cognition has taken roots in cognitive studies with developments in diverse fields such as robotics, artificial life and cognitive linguistics. Taking cue from the metaphor of a Watt governor, this approach stresses on the coupling between the organism and the environment and the continuous nature of the cognitive processes. This results in questioning the viability of computational–representational understanding of mind as a comprehensive theory of cognition. The paper, after giving an overview of embodied approach based on some (...)
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  43. J. Nilsson (forthcoming). Designing Artefacts for Learning. AI and Society.
  44. Inga Jessica Nkusi, Semhar Habtezghi & Harald Dolles (forthcoming). Entrepreneurship and the Carbon Market: Opportunities and Challenges for South African Entrepreneurs. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-19.
    The Kyoto Protocol and its implementation brought forward issues of climate change and its mitigation strategy by national measures through the creation of market mechanisms in carbon trading. The trading of emission certificates has become an important trade commodity worldwide, and its markets have diversified. While this opportunity has created new markets for entrepreneurs and actors that range from farmers to brokers, unequal involvement in most developing countries is noted. This has been mostly observed in those countries where entrepreneurship is (...)
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  45. Sang-Chul Park (forthcoming). Competition and Innovation for Smart and Creative Society (CISCS). AI and Society:1-5.
  46. Sang-Chul Park (forthcoming). Innovation Policy and Strategic Value for Building a Cross-Border Cluster in Denmark and Sweden. AI and Society:1-13.
    In a knowledge-based economy, the role of regions is regarded as very significant for creating and dispersing knowledge. Particularly, geographical clusters of firms in a single sub-national region and cross-border regions may contribute to transmitting certain kinds of knowledge between and among firms. In addition, markets prefer to favor specialized firms with a coherent body of knowledge when knowledge creation and the use of new knowledge become increasingly important for maintaining and improving a firm’s competitiveness. This means that regional policy (...)
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  47. Debasis Patnaik (forthcoming). Theorizing Change in Artificial Intelligence: Inductivising Philosophy From Economic Cognition Processes. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-9.
    Economic value additions to knowledge and demand provide practical, embedded and extensible meaning to philosophizing cognitive systems. Evaluation of a cognitive system is an empirical matter. Thinking of science in terms of distributed cognition (interactionism) enlarges the domain of cognition. Anything that actually contributes to the specific quality of output of a cognitive system is part of the system in time and/or space. Cognitive science studies behaviour and knowledge structures of experts and categorized structures based on underlying structures. Knowledge representation (...)
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  48. Áron Perényi (forthcoming). Are Theories Applicable Across Different Contexts? A Cross-National Comparative Analysis Through the Lens of Firm Life-Cycle Theory in the ICT Sector. AI and Society:1-21.
    It is currently common practice in social and business research, to lift concepts and theories from one country context—and extending the validity of the results—using them in another. This paper discusses the question relating to such generalisability in the context of global, innovative industries. Statistical methods are applied to compare results of a quantitative investigation of firm life-cycle theory between two developed countries. Such comparison implemented with statistical rigour on a quantitative basis is not common, and difficult to execute. Results (...)
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  49. Katarina Petrikova, Anna Vanova & Kamila Borsekova (forthcoming). The Role of Creative Economy in Slovak Republic. AI and Society:1-11.
    The aim of the paper is to analyse and evaluate the situation in the field of creative economy in the Slovak Republic on the level NUTS 3. The analysis is based on the Euro-creative index calculation for year 2009. Based on the discussion of the research results, the weaknesses of the calculation and current state of the Slovak creative economy were identified. Conclusions include the proposal of activities how to attract and maintain the talented, creative people, so-called creative class in (...)
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  50. Rusyaizila Ramli & Nasriah Zakaria (forthcoming). Privacy Issues in a Psychiatric Context: Applying the ISD Privacy Framework to a Psychiatric Behavioural Monitoring System. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-11.
    Privacy issues are frequently discussed amongst researchers, practitioners and patients in healthcare. However, psychiatric patients’ privacy issues get less attention in information system development (ISD), whereby they are one of the most important stakeholders. This paper applies Carew and Stapleton’s ISD privacy framework to psychiatric monitoring systems to understand the issues that are related to monitoring psychiatric patients’ behaviour. By understanding the privacy issues amongst patients, the research will be able to provide guidance to system developers to produce a privacy-sensitive (...)
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  51. Sinead Somers & Larry Stapleton (forthcoming). E-Agricultural Innovation Using a Human-Centred Systems Lens, Proposed Conceptual Framework. AI and Society:1-10.
    Historically, farmers have been amongst the most innovative people in the world. However, agriculture now lags behind other sectors in its uptake of new information technologies for the control and automation of farming systems. In spite of decades of research into innovation, we still do not have a good understanding as to why this is the case. With the globalisation of food markets, IT adoption in agricultural communities is perceived to be increasingly important by policy makers. As the most marginalised (...)
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  52. Larry Stapleton (forthcoming). Technology, Culture and International Stability. AI and Society:1-4.
  53. G. N. Sumathi, T. J. Kamalanabhan & M. Thenmozhi (forthcoming). Impact of Work Experiences on Perceived Organizational Support: A Study Among Healthcare Professionals. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-10.
    In the competitive and globalized scenario, organizations are interested in enhancing employee–organization relationship. Perceived organizational support is one way to understand employee–organization relationship. This study examines the impact of various work-related experiences of healthcare professionals on perceived organizational support. The work experience comprises employees’ experience with i) formal support through human resource practices and facility in the workplace and ii) informal social support from supervisors and coworkers in the workplace. A survey is conducted among healthcare professionals including medical officers and (...)
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  54. V. Tsyganov (forthcoming). Limits of Global Growth, Stagnation, Creativity and International Stability. AI and Society:1-8.
    Arising restrictions of global economic growth due to limited natural resources and capacity of the biosphere adversely affect on people level of life and future expectation. That leads to mass depression and social instability. To consider this problem, psycho-physiological model of onward hedonist in consumer society is developed and investigated. This model is based on the fact that human nature generates a growing desire, needs to progress. After reaching the limits of growth, member of consumer society feel persistent negative emotions (...)
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  55. Tibor Vámos (forthcoming). The Human Role in the Age of Information. AI and Society:1-6.
    Age of automation entails freedom from most of the common working roles. Signs are changes in employment, unemployment, professional structures, relevance of services, entertainment industry, working hours, and the nature of social relations. Warnings are suggested against voluntaristic interventions, neglect of social, historical relations. New approaches are required in the fields of lifelong education and in the education of socially disadvantaged people. The changes in evolutionary inherited motivations and life styles are critical challenges to mankind. Open society and lessons of (...)
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  56. Hurng-Jyuhn Wang, Chin-Shien Wu, Yun-Yu Huang & John R. Parkins (forthcoming). Mapping the Cognitive Environment of Fifth Graders: An Empirical Analysis for Use in Environmental Planning. [REVIEW] AI and Society:1-8.
    This study employs an experiment investigating cognitive mapping of fifth-grade children living in a remote village environment, wherein characteristics of the landscape included paths, landmarks, nodes, edges, and districts. Two aspects of analysis were salient in this study. First, important landscape characteristics and their frequency of appearance in the cognitive maps were tabulated and illustrated as a layout map. Second, inaccurate cognitive maps were structurally analyzed to account for any incompleteness, distortions, and augmentation of actual environments found in some map (...)
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  57. Luqi Wu & Michael McMahon (forthcoming). Adopting a Musical Intelligence and E-Learning Approach to Improve the English Language Pronunciation of Chinese Students. AI and Society:1-10.
    This study investigates the use of musical intelligence to improve the English pronunciation of Chinese third level students. It is relevant for a human-centred systems engineering approach to cross-cultural interaction. Language learning is important as valid communication can help interactions and cultural understanding between countries, this also may benefit international stability. There are natural barriers between the English and Chinese language which are reflected in teaching approaches. The teaching of English in Chinese classrooms is removed from real-world English learning environments. (...)
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  58. Naoyuki Yoshino, Tomoya Nakamura & Yoshitaka Sakai (forthcoming). International Comparison of Bubbles and Bubble Indicators. AI and Society:1-8.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the financial turmoil of the US subprime loan crisis of mid-Noughties and to compare it with the Japanese asset bubble of late 1980s. While examining the two crises, it compares the monetary policies of both countries, focusing on the excess liquidity and expansion of bank loans that were seen. This paper develops several bubble indicators, including the ratio of real estate loans to total loans, the loan-to-GDP ratio, and housing affordability. In order (...)
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