103 found

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Forthcoming articles
  1. Anna Marmodoro (forthcoming). Producing, Composing or Passing Around Powers. [REVIEW] Metascience.
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  2. Howard Sankey (forthcoming). Constructively Engaging with Relativism. Metascience:1-5.
    Traditional epistemology is haunted by the spectre of scepticism. Yet the more pressing concern in the contemporary intellectual scene must surely be relativism rather than scepticism. This has been the case in the history and philosophy of science since the work of Thomas Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend, to say nothing of the emergence of the sociology of scientific knowledge.In Epistemic Relativism: A Constructive Critique, Markus Seidel comes firmly to grips with this modern spectre. Though Seidel devotes attention to other forms (...)
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  3. Riccardo Bruni (forthcoming). Paradoxes: How to Learn Loving Them, and Stop Worrying. Metascience:1-4.
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  4. Robert P. Crease (forthcoming). Dogmatism Rampant. Metascience:1-3.
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  5. Paul Israel (forthcoming). Contesting the History of Invention. Metascience:1-4.
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  6. Christopher C. Knight (forthcoming). Science and Orthodox Christianity: Some Historical Perspectives. Metascience:1-4.
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  7. Maria Panagiotatou (forthcoming). Making Sense of Probabilities in Physics. Metascience.
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  8. Trevor Pinch (forthcoming). Immanuel Velikovsky and the Return of the Fringe. Metascience:1-5.
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  9. Bernard E. Rollin (forthcoming). Grounding Science in Ethics. Metascience:1-4.
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  10. Lloyd Ackert (forthcoming). Red Blood, Red Science, Red Fiction: Bogdanov's Proletarian Assemblage. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-4.
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  11. Keith Allen (forthcoming). Situating Locke's Works in Their Intellectual, Political, and Religious Contexts. Metascience:1-3.
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  12. David J. Allsop (forthcoming). A Potted History of Addiction and its Treatment in Time and Space. Metascience:1-6.
    Addiction Trajectories is a collection of anthropological essays that brings a refreshingly human perspective to the scientific pursuit of addiction. This book encourages the reader to step back from the details, giving voice to the experiences of the drug user as they grapple to come to terms with their condition and the efforts of the treatment community. At the same time, the book provides insight into the machinations of the treatment community struggling to understand the scope of their task and (...)
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  13. Robert Almeder (forthcoming). Pragmatism: An Overview. Metascience:1-5.
    This is a fine introduction to the study of pragmatism. It is well written, thoroughly researched, and clearly focused in presenting the history and implications of the core positions of classical and contemporary pragmatists. It is targeted basically for the general college and university student in American and Western Philosophy, the History of Philosophy, and American Studies. Without too much of a stretch, it seems equally suitable for the general reader familiar with some philosophy outside the academic and scholarly community. (...)
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  14. Katharine Anderson (forthcoming). Circling in on Tyndall and Turner. Metascience:1-4.
    The subtitle of this work surely deserves a place on its cover. John Tyndall was a Victorian scientist remarkable for his experimental abilities, his wide range of interests in physics and his aggressive personality. He fought his way to a scientific career in London from humble beginnings as a surveyor, railroad engineer and schoolteacher. At his height, from the 1860s to the early 1880s, he juggled several different roles in addition to his principal appointment as professor of natural philosophy at (...)
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  15. Peter Barker, Peter Dear, J. R. Christianson & Robert S. Westman (forthcoming). Why Was Copernicus a Copernican? Metascience:1-21.
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  16. D. W. Belousek (forthcoming). Interpretation and Ontology in Modern Physics. Metascience.
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  17. Paul Bishop (forthcoming). Goethe and Morphology. Metascience:1-3.
    The title of this volume—published in the series “Lisbon Philosophical Studies” devoted to “uses of language in interdisciplinary fields”—is potentially misleading, because its subject is, rather than linguistic morphology, the Morphologie associated with the German poet, playwright, and thinker, Johann Wolfgang Goethe. For Goethe, morphology is a science dedicated to the observation and description of everything that “is handled by chance and occasionally in other [sciences]”, and hence, it is intended to serve as a complement to any number of disciplines: (...)
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  18. Stefaan Blancke (forthcoming). A Fascinating Guide to Creationist Minds: Review of Among the Creationists. Dispatches From the Anti-Evolutionist Frontline by Jason Rosenhouse. [REVIEW] Metascience.
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  19. Victor D. Boantza (forthcoming). The Uses of Style and the 'Big Picture' History of Science. Metascience:1-7.
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  20. Mieke Boon (forthcoming). Technological Functions: Their Conception, Manifestation and Production. Metascience.
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  21. David C. Brock (forthcoming). Network Effects: Communities, Devices, and Disciplines. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-4.
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  22. Lino Camprubí (forthcoming). Book Notice. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-2.
    This is an English translation of a very short and quite dense Spanish original in which Gustavo Bueno summarizes and updates his philosophy of science as presented in 5 volumes in the 1990s. From then onwards, Bueno and a number of authors have developed this philosophy through specific applications to fields as diverse as classic chemistry, quantum mechanics, chaos theory, cybernetics, Darwinism, ethology, geology, plate tectonics, anthropology, sociology, economics and psychology. This has resulted in a number of doctoral dissertations, books (...)
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  23. Stephen T. Casper (forthcoming). Emil du Bois-Reymond and the Tradition of German Physiological Science. Metascience:1-2.
    In 1872, Emil du Bois-Reymond delivered an astonishing lecture entitled “The Limits of Science” at a Congress of German Scientists and Physicians in Leipzig. No stranger to polemic and bellicose oratory, and possessing among his generation of physiologists unmatched rhetorical abilities, du Bois-Reymond had already attracted much public recognition and acclaim for his denigration of French culture at a time when belligerence and competition between Prussia and France had peaked. Yet, the topic of his 1872 lecture had a signal significance (...)
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  24. E. Castellani & L. Crosilla (forthcoming). On French and Krause's Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical and Formal Analysis. Metascience.
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  25. Gustavo Cevolani (forthcoming). A Systematic Companion to “Neoclassical” Philosophy of Science. Metascience:1-5.
    After the demise of logical empiricism in the late fifties of the past century, philosophy of science entered a sort of Kuhnian revolutionary phase. Both its central problems and the methods used to address them underwent a profound change; under the pressure of the “new” philosophy of science—and of the various historical, sociological, cultural, or feminist approaches—the way of doing philosophy championed by Carnap and Popper was progressively abandoned by many scholars interested in the study of science. Today, it is (...)
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  26. Alan Chalmers (forthcoming). Creating a Social Space for Modern Science. Metascience:1-5.
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  27. Anthony Corones (forthcoming). Therapeutic Persuaders. Metascience:1-3.
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  28. James Cussens (forthcoming). Probability, Uncertainty and Artificial Intelligence. Metascience:1-7.
    The central thesis of this book is that the argument that probability is insufficient to handle uncertainty in artificial intelligence (AI) is metaphysical in nature. Piscopo calls this argument against probability the non-adequacy claim and provides this summary of it [which first appeared in (Piscopo and Birattari 2008)]:Probability theory is not suitable to handle uncertainty in AI because it has been developed to deal with intrinsically stochastic phenomena, while in AI, uncertainty has an epistemic nature. (Piscopo (3))Piscopo uses the term (...)
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  29. John B. Davis (forthcoming). The World in the Model and the Model in the World. Metascience:1-6.
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  30. David DeVorkin (forthcoming). Minding the Nebulae. Metascience:1-4.
    In the years before stars, planets and the nebulae ‘recorded themselves’ by impressing their light on photographic film, astronomers peering through big telescopes were faced with the challenge of recording what they saw, and translating that experience somehow to a permanent communicable medium so others could share in the observations to discern what messages they held about the universe. Since this was prior to the late nineteenth century, few astronomers were affected, mainly because the mainstream goal of the day was (...)
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  31. Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis (forthcoming). Beeckman’s Engagement of Mechanics and Philosophy. Metascience:1-3.
    Isaac Beeckman was a master craftsman from the Zeeland town Middelburg who studied to become schoolmaster in the Holland towns of Rotterdam and Dordrecht. He was a strict Calvinist and a tireless observer and contemplator of natural phenomena. Foremost, he was the first mechanical philosopher in Europe who played a key role in the intellectual development of René Descartes and inspired pioneers of mechanistic thinking Marin Mersenne and Pierre Gassendi . We know this because Beeckman kept a journal throughout his (...)
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  32. Costas Dimitracopoulos (forthcoming). On Modal and Intuitionistic Logics. Metascience:1-4.
    The volume under review contains work dedicated to the memory of Leo Esakia, who died in 2010, after having worked for over 40 years towards developing duality theory for modal and intuitionistic logics. The collection comprises ten technical contributions that follow the first chapter, in which the reader can find information on Esakia’s studies and career, as well as a complete list of his research publications. In the sequel, we will refer briefly to each of these ten chapters, following the (...)
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  33. Costas Dimitracopoulos (forthcoming). A Panorama of Philosophical Logic. Metascience:1-4.
    In June 2012, the conference Trends in Logic XI, whose main theme was Advances in Philosophical Logic, took place at the Ruhr University in Bochum. Eight of the invited papers were published in a special issue of the journal Studia Logica. The present volume contains fourteen papers, which the editors selected out of the contributed papers presented at the conference, in order to offer a panorama of the themes developed in philosophical logic in the last two decades or so, as (...)
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  34. Michael Eckert (forthcoming). The Multiple Faces of X-Ray Crystallography. Metascience:1-3.
    Since its discovery in 1912, X-ray crystallography has become a most useful tool in physics, chemistry, material science, mineralogy, metallurgy, and even in the biological sciences. In 1914, Max von Laue was awarded the Nobel Prize “for the discovery of X-ray diffraction by crystals,” followed by the 1915 Nobel Prize to William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg (father and son) “for their services in analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays.” And these early Nobel prizes marked only the (...)
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  35. Andrew Ede (forthcoming). The Scientists Who Came in From the Cold. Metascience:1-3.
    From the Ninth Circle of hell in Dante’s Inferno to the idea of human cryogenic storage, cold has been an important part of human life and imagination. In History of Artificial Cold, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Issues, editor Kostas Gavroglu has brought together a well-balanced and very readable collection of essays on the history of the investigation and use of “cold.” There is something here for a broad range of readers, with articles ranging from fundamental physics to industrial refrigeration and (...)
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  36. Melinda Bonnie Fagan (forthcoming). Stem Cell Lacunae. Metascience:1-7.
    Sarah Franklin’s Biological relatives: IVF, stem cells, and the future of kinship and Charis Thompson’s Good science: the ethical choreography of stem cell research, examine recently normalized biotechnologies. Franklin’s monograph extends her previous work on in vitro fertilization , deconstructing the success of a technology that, she argues, has grown “curiouser and curiouser” while taking hold in scientific and social life. IVF in its diverse aspects becomes a lens for scrutinizing our ambivalence about new technology, which Franklin articulates by putting (...)
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  37. Michel Ghins (forthcoming). Representing and Measuring: Discussing van Fraassen’s Views. Metascience:1-5.
    Representation and models have been the focus of considerable interest in philosophy of science for several decades. But the publication in 2008 of Bas van Fraassen’s important book Scientific representation: Paradoxes of perspective gave a novel and strong impetus to the study of their role in the dynamic of scientific knowledge, as attested by the growing quantity of papers and conferences related to representation. In science, knowing necessarily involves representing—phenomena at least and perhaps more for the scientific realist—by means of (...)
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  38. Donald Gillies (forthcoming). A New Branch of Philosophy of Science: The Philosophy of Medicine. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-4.
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  39. Melinda Gormley (forthcoming). Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences for Science and World Affairs. Metascience:1-3.
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  40. Irene Goudarouli (forthcoming). The Paradoxes of the New Science. Metascience:1-3.
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  41. Theophanes Grammenos (forthcoming). Geometry, Relativity, and Philosophy. Metascience:1-5.
    David Malament, now emeritus at the University of California, Irvine, where since 1999 he served as a Distinguished Professor of Logic and Philosophy of Science after having spent twenty-three years as a faculty member at the University of Chicago , is well known as the author of numerous articles on the mathematical and philosophical foundations of modern physics with an emphasis on problems of space-time structure and the foundations of relativity theory. Malament’s Topics in the foundations of general relativity and (...)
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  42. Jeremy Gray (forthcoming). Grothendieck and the Transformation of Algebraic Geometry. Metascience:1-6.
    No mathematician did more to change mathematics in the second half of the twentieth century than Alexandre Grothendieck. This would have been true even if he had been a quiet figure with a liking for playing the piano and walking in the hills but, as this book makes very clear, he was far from that, and his character and his way of working enhanced his impact. Above all, there was his abrupt departure from the world of mathematics in 1970 and (...)
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  43. Jeremy Gray (forthcoming). Brouwer’s Certainties: Mysticism, Mathematics, and the Ego. Metascience:1-8.
    The lives of few mathematicians offer the drama that is presented by the life of L. E. J. Brouwer, correctly identified on the cover of this book as a topologist, intuitionist, and philosopher, and before we go any further, it will be worth indicating why.It is not just that Brouwer would rank high among mathematicians for his work in topology alone: he set standards for rigour and created a theory of dimension for topological spaces, and his fixed-point theorem is of (...)
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  44. William L. Harper, Kent W. Staley, Henk W. De Regt & Peter Achinstein (forthcoming). Objective Evidence and Rules of Strategy: Achinstein on Method. Metascience:1-30.
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  45. David Henderson (forthcoming). On the Real Workings of Social Construction. Metascience:1-4.
    This book provides a thorough and compelling argument for a realist form of moderate social constructionism. It argues that social scientists should provide an explanatory account of the construction of various elements of the social world. Such accounts should be realist because, “social construction is a real process and a process whose products are real” . The argument here furthers a tradition that includes work by Bhaskar and Searle. The book is a pleasure to read. Elder-Vass writes in an admirably (...)
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  46. David K. Henderson (forthcoming). A Critical Perspective on a Critical Perspective on Social Science. Metascience:1-5.
    Yoshida considers two broad understandings of how social scientists can and should “describe and explain other cultures or their aspects under concepts of rationality” . In the one corner is a family of approaches that Yoshida finds deeply flawed: cultural interpretivist approaches. Five authors representative of this family are given fine chapter length examinations: Winch, Taylor, Geertz, Sahlins, and Obeyesekere. In the other corner is Yoshida’s favored approach: critical rationalism. This approach is associated with the intellectual descendants of Karl Popper—notably (...)
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  47. D. Howard (forthcoming). Review of S. French and D. Krause, Identity and Individuality in Classical and Quantum Physics. [REVIEW] Metascience.
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  48. Ingvar Johansson (forthcoming). Applied Mereology. Metascience:1-7.
    One purely formal discipline, mathematics, permeates modern natural, social, and medical sciences as well as technology and engineering. Another purely formal discipline, formal mereology, has the last decades rapidly grown within philosophy. The obvious question now is: of what use can formal mereology be in the sciences and in engineering? In philosophy, this question has seldom so far been posed, but now there has appeared an anthology in which the editors C. Calosi and P. Graziani rightly state: “It should be (...)
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  49. Kostas Kampourakis (forthcoming). Can There Be a Theory of Development? Metascience:1-5.
    When I was an undergraduate student in biology, about twenty years ago, developmental biology was relatively absent in my curriculum. There were some elements of developmental biology in the zoology and botany courses, but one had to take two elective courses, Embryology and Molecular Biology of Development, in order to learn more. Fortunately, curricula have changed nowadays and for good reasons. The study of developmental processes is crucial for our understanding of life, perhaps more than ever. For example, it is (...)
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  50. Jonathan Kaplan (forthcoming). Overcoming the Conceptual Barriers to Understanding Evolution. Metascience:1-4.
    In Understanding Evolution, Kostas Kampourakis has two related goals. The first is to demonstrate that there are conceptual hurdles to properly understanding evolutionary theory. Kampourakis argues that educators, and other promoters of evolutionary theory, have underestimated how difficult it is to understand evolutionary theory and have tended to treat some gaps in understanding that are in fact the result of conceptual difficulties as if they were instead the result of, e.g., religious intolerance to the theory. This, he thinks, is a (...)
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  51. Koray Karaca (forthcoming). A Sociological Approach to the Search for Gravitational Waves. Metascience:1-4.
    Gravity’s Ghost is a book about the search for gravitational waves , which are predicted by the general theory of relativity to be ripples in space–time that propagate at the speed of light. The direct detection of GWs, if they exist at all, is exceptionally difficult, because they are theoretically expected to be very weakly coupled to matter. To this date, there is yet no conclusive evidence for the direct detection of GWs. The search for GWs was started by a (...)
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  52. Christopher Kelty (forthcoming). Spam, Opposite of Community. Metascience:1-4.
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  53. Cynthia Klestinec & Gideon Manning (forthcoming). A New Anatomy. Metascience:1-5.
    Howard Adelmann’s majestic five volume Marcello Malpighi and the Evolution of Embryology was published nearly 50 years ago. A mix of paraphrase and translation, as well as extended commentary, Adelmann described Malpighi as “one of the cardinal figures in the history of biology. As we look back over the three centuries that separate him from us, he may, for all his towering stature, at first glance seem a distant figure. And yet he and his work are not so remote after (...)
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  54. David Knight (forthcoming). Peripheral and Central. Metascience:1-3.
    Oersted has been a puzzle for historians of science. Unflatteringly regarded by contemporaries in Britain and France as a metaphysician, he astonished and galvanised the learned world in 1820 with his discovery of electromagnetism. Suddenly famous, he was belatedly honoured; but, like Röntgen with X-rays, did no more serious work on the discovery that brought him renown, leaving that to Ampère and Faraday while he concentrated on an aesthetics that would bridge arts and sciences, and on building up scientific institutions (...)
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  55. Alex Koo (forthcoming). The Application of Mathematics in Science. Metascience:1-6.
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  56. Hugh Lacey (forthcoming). Science, Emancipation and the Variety of Forms of Knowledge. Metascience:1-4.
    Epistemologies of the South explores “a set of inquiries into the construction and validation of knowledge born in struggle, of ways of knowing developed by social groups as part of their resistance against the systematic injustices and oppressions caused by capitalism, colonialism and patriarchy” . The author, Boaventura de Sousa Santos—Professor of Sociology at the University of Coimbra and Distinguished Legal Scholar at the University of Wisconsin–Madison—is one of the leading intellectuals of the World Social Forum , the network of (...)
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  57. Roberto Lalli (forthcoming). Einstein as Founding Father of Quantum Theory. Metascience:1-4.
    In popular culture, Einstein’s shaggy mustaches and disheveled hairstyle have come to represent the image of physics itself. The most famous physicist of the twentieth century is mainly celebrated as the creator of relativity, intended as both special and general relativity theories. The ubiquitous E = mc2 equation comes hand in hand with pictures of Einstein’s thoughtful wrinkles. Insofar as quantum theory is concerned, Einstein is usually remembered as a strenuous opponent of quantum mechanics who rejected this successful theory on (...)
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  58. B. Larvor (forthcoming). After Popper, Kuhn and Feyerabend: Recent Issues in Theories of Scientific Method. Metascience.
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  59. Chiara Lisciandra (forthcoming). Robustness Analysis Versus Reliable Process Reasoning. Metascience:1-5.
    Robert Hudson’s book is a contribution to the recent debate on robustness analysis in scientific practice, with a specific focus on the empirical sciences. In this context, robustness analysis is defined as a way to increase the probability of a certain hypothesis by showing that the same result is obtained from several, alternative methods. The rationale underlying this practice is that it would be highly unlikely if different, independent means of observation provided the same wrong outcome.We do not believe in (...)
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  60. Alan C. Love, Robert J. Richards & Peter J. Bowler (forthcoming). What-If History of Science. Metascience:1-20.
    Alan C. LoveDarwinian calisthenicsAn athlete engages in calisthenics as part of basic training and as a preliminary to more advanced or intense activity. Whether it is stretching, lunges, crunches, or push-ups, routine calisthenics provide a baseline of strength and flexibility that prevent a variety of injuries that might otherwise be incurred. Peter Bowler has spent 40 years doing Darwinian calisthenics, researching and writing on the development of evolutionary ideas with special attention to Darwin and subsequent filiations among scientists exploring evolution (...)
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  61. Miles MacLeod (forthcoming). Modernizing Philosophy of Science for the Philosopher and Student Alike. Metascience:1-4.
    Philosophy of science is a rapidly evolving and increasingly inclusive academic field. It is one of the most dynamic branches of philosophy. However, for the most part, philosophy of science has been taught historically by recounting and tracing through discussions and debates from the early to late twentieth century. Great texts of positivism, instrumentalism, demarcation, falsification, paradigm shifts, realism, observation and so on are handed out to students and critically assessed. There is something rather puzzling about this way of teaching (...)
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  62. Costas Mannouris (forthcoming). Teaching Life's and Science's Perplexities. Metascience:1-4.
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  63. Alberto A. Martínez (forthcoming). The Questionable Inventions of the Clever Dr. Einstein. Metascience:1-7.
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  64. Keizo Matsubara (forthcoming). A Defence of String Theory. Metascience:1-6.
    String theory has been very influential within theoretical physics for the past few decades. It is the most popular attempt to solve the problem of formulating a viable theory of quantum gravity. Furthermore, it also unifies the other fundamental forces within one theoretical framework. In string theory, it is assumed that what before was thought to be point particles should really be seen as one-dimensional extended entities, i.e. strings. Different particles are supposed to correspond to various vibrational patterns of the (...)
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  65. Miranda Mollendorf (forthcoming). A Familiar Tale of Erasmus Darwin Told in a Fresh Way. Metascience:1-4.
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  66. Mark P. Newman (forthcoming). Eliminating Inconsistency in Science. Metascience:1-5.
    In this book, Peter Vickers argues that inconsistency in science has been massively exaggerated by philosophers. In his view, inconsistent science is neither as rampant nor as damaging as many have supposed. To argue his point, he develops a specific method he calls theory eliminativism and applies it to four case studies from the history of physics and mathematics (there are four additional cases he considers in the penultimate chapter, but they are rather brief and are apparently less highly cited (...)
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  67. Robert Nola (forthcoming). The Fuzziness of Pseudoscience. Metascience:1-6.
    This is a collection of 23 papers plus an Introduction in a book which revives an old issue that some have declared to be long dead, viz., whether there is any way of demarcating science from other endeavors, but most importantly pseudoscience. This is a timely book that is well worth consulting since it breathes life back into an important problem. There is something in it for all, as the six parts into which it is divided indicate: “What’s the problem (...)
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  68. Alfred Nordmann (forthcoming). Hanging Together, Falling Apart. Metascience.
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  69. Pietro Daniel Omodeo (forthcoming). Giordano Bruno's Renaissance Philosophy. Metascience:1-4.
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  70. Larry Owens (forthcoming). MIT at a Hundred and Fifty. Metascience.
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  71. Naomi Pasachoff (forthcoming). Shakespeare the Copernican? Metascience:1-4.
    Dan Falk, the author of this engaging if informal book, is a science journalist, broadcaster, and freelance writer, whose achievements merited him a Knight Science Journalism Fellowship at MIT in 2011–2012. Full disclosure imperatives require me to acknowledge having met him on an eclipse expedition to Easter Island in 2010, where I recall learning about his interests in astrophotography. I am sure, however, that should we meet again, we are unlikely to recognize one another. Thus, as an unbiased reader (though (...)
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  72. Naomi Pasachoff (forthcoming). The History of Electromagnetic Theory Through the Lives of its Founders. Metascience:1-4.
    This engaging book presents the history of the development of the science of electromagnetism through the lives of two of its founders. The first seven chapters of this seventeen-chapter book belong to Michael Faraday, the story of whose rise to scientific prominence from an unprivileged background is eternally appealing. Chapters eight through fifteen belong to James Clerk Maxwell, a truly great scientist whose name should be better known than it is. The book’s penultimate chapter introduces the “Maxwellians”—the Britons Oliver Heaviside, (...)
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  73. Naomi Pasachoff (forthcoming). A Lively, If Sprawling, History of the Atomic Era. Metascience:1-5.
    Craig Nelson, the author of this unflaggingly engrossing book, comes from an impressive background in publishing, having been vice president and executive editor of Harper and Row, Hyperion, and Random House. In this respect, he reminds me of the better known Walter Isaacson, who was managing editor of Time magazine before turning his attention to writing biographies of Einstein, Steve Jobs, and Ben Franklin, and, most recently, a collective biography of the pioneers of the digital revolution. Although I reach this (...)
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  74. Elina Pechlivanidi (forthcoming). From the Basics to the Advanced: Your Guide Through Ontology. Metascience:1-4.
    It is essential for an introductory book, addressed to the reader who is new to the philosophical discourse, not only to give a representative picture of the main issues of the philosophical area which it studies, but also to be clear about its aims and its methodological approach. Furthermore, ideally it would not only refer to the literature for further independent investigation, but it would inspire the reader to pursue such an investigation too. Effingham’s Introduction to Ontology meets all the (...)
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  75. Vasilis Politis & Jun Su (forthcoming). Aristotle on Being as Activity. Metascience:1-6.
    In this engaging book, Kosman offers a vigorous extended defence of a distinctive and highly ambitious claim, namely, that Aristotle’s account of potentiality/ability and actuality/activity in book Theta of the Metaphysics is an integral and central part of Aristotle’s account of what being is, which means that, for Kosman, Aristotle defends the thesis that being is, precisely, activity. In addition to the distinctive character of this claim, there are two notable suppositions behind it, which, likewise, Kosman defends. First, the Metaphysics (...)
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  76. Thomas A. C. Reydon (forthcoming). Natural Kinds No Longer Are What They Never Were. Metascience:1-6.
    The more one reads about the topic of natural kinds, the more one is reminded of that famous scene in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy in which Deep Thought—after a mere 7.5 million years of doing calculations—reveals that the answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything was 42. Faced with bewildered reactions from the eager audience, Deep Thought explains: “I think the problem, to be quite honest with you, is that you’ve never actually known what (...)
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  77. Ann E. Robinson (forthcoming). “A Nadir of Prestige”? Metascience.
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  78. David E. Rowe (forthcoming). Reflections on What Einstein Means to Us. Metascience:1-4.
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  79. Federica Russo (forthcoming). A Pluralist Account of Causality. Metascience:1-4.
    For my own work in philosophy of science, I find of utmost importance to exchange ideas with practicing scientists. The author of this book, Peter Rabins, is a medical doctor specializing in psychiatry. With much regret, I have not met Professor Rabins in person yet, but I’m hoping to do so soon, as his recent book The Why of Things: Causality in Science, Medicine, and Life has been a most enjoyable read and source of inspiration. The book constitutes a noteworthy (...)
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  80. Vassilis Sakellariou (forthcoming). Vivien Gornitz: Rising Seas: Past, Present, Future. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013, Xiv+344pp, $40.00, £27.50 PB. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-2.
    This book presents a thoroughly documented, comprehensive overview of perhaps the most urgent issue closely associated with global warming, namely sea level rise.Although evidence from the geologic past points to considerable variation of the average height of the world’s oceans, sea level rise has accelerated since the late nineteenth century, and is climbing even faster during the last 20 years, paralleling the rise in global temperatures.Could future greenhouse gas-induced global warming push the Earth’s climate into an unstable mode, triggering a (...)
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  81. Vassilis Sakellariou (forthcoming). The Janus Faces of Quantum-Speak: An Interpretative Role of Linguistic Analysis. Metascience:1-5.
    How can we be certain of what a physics theory is talking about and, at the same time, not have a clue what the theory is about? Yet, this seemingly nonsensical question lurks in the background since the advent of quantum physics and is intimately entangled with the cluster of issues constituting the raw material for philosophers of science striving to negotiate the so-called classical to quantum divide.The discourse of theoretical physics unfolds on two levels: the experimental and the mathematical. (...)
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  82. Gregory Salmieri, David Bronstein, David Charles & James G. Lennox (forthcoming). Episteme, Demonstration, and Explanation: A Fresh Look at Aristotle's Posterior Analytics. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-35.
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  83. David Schwartzman (forthcoming). From the Gaia Hypothesis to a Theory of the Evolving Self-Organizing Biosphere. Metascience:1-5.
    The Gaia hypothesis emerged from two interpenetrating traditions, the mechanist and the organicist, with the former tending to reductionism and the latter to holism. While mechanist James Lovelock is the acknowledged father, he collaborated with the organicist Lynn Margulis in the early 1970s when the first papers appeared in the scientific literature. Both continued to be active in Gaia-related conferences until Margulis’s premature death in late 2011. In a very readable exposition, Michael Ruse succeeds brilliantly in tracing the philosophical roots (...)
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  84. S. S. Schweber (forthcoming). Arnold Sommerfeld: A Biography. Metascience:1-7.
    Michael Eckert has written a remarkable biography of Arnold Sommerfeld , the “off-scale” theoretical physicist who made his Seminar at the University of Munich the outstanding school of theoretical physics of the first third of the twentieth century. Sommerfeld was the teacher and mentor of a large number of exceptional theoretical physicists who studied with him either as doctoral or post-doctoral studentsSee the Wikipedia entry for Arnold Sommerfeld for a complete listing of all his students by category.; and among these, (...)
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  85. Michael Silberstein (forthcoming). Monism Versus Emergence? The One and the Many. Metascience:1-6.
    This will be an admittedly opinionated review that gives with one hand and takes with the other. Let me be clear though from the outset that there is much to admire and agree with here. Perhaps, the biggest complaint is the failure of the author to engage with other highly relevant literature in philosophy of science and metaphysics that would yield her natural allies or would provide natural foils that ought to be named and engaged. On the allies side, there (...)
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  86. Cristian Soto (forthcoming). Metaphysics, Laws, and Natural Kinds: Minimalist Approaches. Metascience:1-11.
    Debates on the metaphysics of science have steadily gained momentum over the last decade or so. This appears to illustrate a case of philosophers’ realisation that metaphysics—and theoretical philosophy overall—largely depends upon the sciences and has a good deal to learn from them. Recent literature on this, in fact, has reached an unforeseen high level of refinement in the arguments and a very much desirable precision in the consequences that we can derive from examining the interplay currently undergoing between science (...)
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  87. Matthew Stanley (forthcoming). Albert Einstein, Riddle Ruiner. Metascience:1-4.
    One might be surprised at finding a protracted refutation of the theory of relativity in a turbine engineering journal. Milena Wazeck says we should not. Once we grasp the common threads among anti-relativity activists in the 1920s, she argues, it becomes clear why turbine engineering was a natural home for such ideas.Einstein’s Opponents contends that historians’ current understanding of the anti-relativity movement is obscured by the enormous shadow of the Nazis. Instead of reaching forward to the 1930s to explain the (...)
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  88. John M. Steele (forthcoming). A Forgotten Discipline. Metascience:1-3.
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  89. Chrysovalantis Stergiou (forthcoming). Common Causes Love to Hide. Metascience:1-5.
    Anything other than paraphrasing the well-known Heraclitean aphorism would not be more appropriate to portray the crux of the contribution of the three philosophers of the Budapest School, Gábor Hofer-Szabó, Miklós Rédei and Lázló E. Szabó, in the ongoing discussion of the principle of the common cause . Indeed, ‘common causes love to hide’ and for that reason critics and aspirant falsifiers of PCC find correlations which, at a first level of analysis, might lack a common cause explanation. But as (...)
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  90. James Tabery, Alex Preda & Helen Longino (forthcoming). Pluralism, Social Action and the Causal Space of Human Behavior. Metascience:1-17.
    James Tabery Helen Longino’s Studying Human Behavior is an overdue effort at a nonpartisan evaluation of the many scientific disciplines that study the nature and nurture of human behavior, arguing for the acceptance of the strengths and weaknesses of all approaches (as opposed to the vitriolic defense of one and lambast of others). After years of conflict, Longino makes the pluralist case for peaceful coexistence. Her analysis of the approaches raises the following question: how are we to understand the pluralistic (...)
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  91. Alfred I. Tauber (forthcoming). Immunology Seen Through the Dark Glass of Autoimmunity. Metascience:1-7.
    Few topics in contemporary science hold the wide interest commanded by immunology, so this graceful and timely account of the development of this science is a welcomed addition to the literature. Succinct, well-written, and informed, Intolerant Bodies narrates the history of immunology through the lens of autoimmune disease. In what the authors call “a biography” , they have focused on four central illnesses: multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. However, the story told here extends (...)
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  92. Nicholas J. Teh (forthcoming). Relational Realism: A New Foundation for Quantum Mechanics? Metascience:1-5.
    Foundations of Relational Realism: A Topological Approach to Quantum Mechanics and the Philosophy of Nature by Michael Epperson and Elias Zafiris sets out to achieve three goals: to develop a version of Whiteheadian metaphysics that the authors call “relational realism”; to formalize relational realism in terms of category theory, in particular sheaf theory; and to use relational realism to solve the interpretative problems of quantum mechanics. These goals are ambitious, to say the least, and all this is leaving aside those (...)
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  93. S. Torrance (forthcoming). A Change of Mind in Cognitive Science. Metascience.
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  94. Pina Totaro (forthcoming). Stensen as a Man of Science and Culture. Metascience:1-4.
    The book presented here is dedicated to the scientist, anatomist, geologist, theologian and bishop, Niels Stensen. He was born in 1638 in Copenhagen into a family of Lutheran parsons and preachers. He studied first in his native town and then at the Faculty of medicine in Leiden, in the Netherlands, before embarking on several trips throughout Europe, in France and Italy in particular. On November 2, 1667, he converted to Catholicism in Florence, and from then his interests turned more and (...)
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  95. Aristotle Tympas (forthcoming). Book Notice. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-2.
    The book offers insights into four critical years of the history of semiconductor technology. The center of the attention is Fairchild Semiconductor, a start-up in 1957 and a key firm in the semiconductor business by 1961, established enough to be able to feed with people a series of start-ups that played a leading role in the development of the semiconductor industry and the broader industrial sector developed around electronics-based computing and communication. Makers of the Microchip wonderfully retrieves and interprets the (...)
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  96. Thomas Uebel (forthcoming). The Berlin Group of Logical Empiricism. Metascience:1-5.
    This volume offers a very welcome in-depth look at a particular group of the philosophers associated with the Berlin Society for Empirical Philosophy . The editors stress that these two groupings differ and call only the former the “Berlin Group for scientific philosophy” : Hans Reichenbach, Walter Dubislav, Kurt Grelling, Paul Oppenheim and Carl Gustav Hempel. Parts I and II provide introductions and historical context for the group as a whole and Parts III–VI consider highly specific aspects of the work (...)
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  97. Jeroen van Dongen (forthcoming). The Historical Contingency of Rationality: The Social Sciences and the Cold War. Metascience:1-6.
    During World War II, Niels Bohr realized that the nature of war had changed irrevocably due to the introduction of the atomic bomb. This, in his opinion, meant that nation states had to be open about nuclear knowledge and negotiate toward peace. The bomb presented a threat, yet at the same time, an opportunity, as Bohr would argue in his characteristic way. It is not too difficult to point to the epistemological origin of Bohr’s argument: One easily identifies resonances with (...)
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  98. Mieke van Hemert (forthcoming). Losing the World Knowingly. Metascience:1-7.
    Modernity is Apocalyptic in essence. This assertion is stated nowhere in The Triumph of Human Empire by Rosalind Williams, nor in l’Apocalypse Joyeuse by Jean-Baptiste Fressoz. But it is everywhere on the pages of these books, which recount the ambivalence with which the project of Modernity and its technological feats has been received in specific times and places, notably nineteenth century Europe. Essence here is not to be understood as transcendental a-historical necessity, but as unfolding historical ontology. Despite contingencies, the (...)
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  99. Martin A. Vezér (forthcoming). Book Notice. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-2.
    Contributing a new perspective to a growing body of interdisciplinary climate change studies, Dale Jamieson’s Reason in a Dark Time investigates some key issues in historical, political, economic, and ethical fields of research. Synthesizing analyses from several disciplines, the book addresses a broad range of problems posed by human-induced climate change, emphasizing the ethical and political challenges inhibiting mitigation efforts. The monograph is divided into seven chapters and includes a preface, a glossary of abbreviations, a list of references, and an (...)
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  100. Ioannis Votsis (forthcoming). Trivial Pursuit: The Case of the Travelling Facts. [REVIEW] Metascience:1-4.
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  101. Joeri Witteveen (forthcoming). Natural Classification. Metascience:1-4.
    Writing a book about ‘natural classification’ is not a natural thing to do these days. As the authors of The Nature of Classification point out, classification as a stand-alone topic—separated from discussions of hypothesis testing, experimentation and concept formation—was all the rage in mid-nineteenth century philosophy of science, but interest has steadily dwindled ever since. In most twentieth century philosophy of science, classification was treated either as a pre-scientific endeavor, or as a product of theory-driven science. The general attitude is (...)
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  102. Audra J. Wolfe (forthcoming). Radiation Before the Bomb. Metascience:1-2.
    Matthew Lavine’s The First Atomic Age is intended as a corrective to what has by now become a familiar story of postwar US nuclear culture. The popular enthusiasm for and fear of all things nuclear, as described in such works as Paul Boyer’s By the Bomb’s Early Light , was not in fact a new development but rather a repeat of a phenomenon that first manifested half a century earlier. Working with newspapers, magazines, trade journals, advertisements, product labels, pulp fiction, (...)
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  103. Zhenhua Yu (forthcoming). Tacit Knowledge: In What Sense? Metascience:1-7.
    Since Michael Polanyi coined the term “tacit knowledge” in 1958, a huge amount of literature has been produced on this topic. Gascoigne and Thornton’s monograph represents one of the most recent attempts to clarify the concept of tacit knowledge.For other recent publications on tacit knowledge see Collins , Yu and Turner . In their engagement with various thinkers, most notably Polanyi, Ryle, Heidegger, Wittgenstein, John Searle, Hubert Dreyfus, and John McDowell, etc., the authors make impressive efforts to situate the discussion (...)
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