52 found

Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1. Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Critical Notice of Guy Bennett-Hunter, Ineffability and Religious Experience. Philosophia 43.
    A review essay on Guy Bennett-Hunter's new book, Ineffability and Religious Experience, particularly as it bears on issues concerning meaning in life.
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  2. James Cain (forthcoming). The Kane-Widerker Objection to Frankfurt Examples. Philosophia:1-9.
    I will argue that the Kane-Widerker objection to Frankfurt examples is much weaker than is generally recognized. The Kane-Widerker objection holds that proponents of Frankfurt examples beg the question against incompatibilist accounts of free and responsible action by constructing examples that tacitly assume a compatibilist account of moral responsibility; that is, they assume that one can have non-derivative responsibility for choices that were not undetermined prior to their occurrence. The notion of an event, E, being ‘undetermined prior to its occurrence’ (...)
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  3. Andrea Guardo (forthcoming). Semantic Dispositionalism and Non-Inferential Knowledge. Philosophia:1-11.
    The paper discusses Saul Kripke’s Normativity Argument against semantic dispositionalism: it criticizes the orthodox interpretation of the argument, defends an alternative reading and argues that, contrary to what Kripke himself seems to have been thinking, the real point of the Normativity Argument is not that meaning is normative. According to the orthodox interpretation, the argument can be summarized as follows: (1) it is constitutive of the concept of meaning that its instances imply an ought, but (2) it is not constitutive (...)
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  4. Mikael Janvid (forthcoming). Understanding Understanding: An Epistemological Investigation. Philosophia:1-15.
    Understanding has received growing interest from epistemologists in recent years, but no consensus regarding its epistemic properties has yet been reached. This paper extracts, but also rejects, candidates of epistemic properties for construing an epistemological model of understanding from the writings of epistemologists participating in the current discussion surrounding that state. On the basis of these results, a suggestion is put forward according to which understanding is a non-basic epistemic state of warrant rather than knowledge. It is argued that this (...)
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  5. Simon Kittle (forthcoming). Vihvelin and Fischer on 'Pre-Decisional' Intervention. Philosophia:1-11.
    Vihvelin argues that Frankfurt-style cases should be divided into two kinds, according to when the trigger for the intention takes place: either prior to the agent's choice or after it. Most agree that only the former, which I call pre-decisional intervention, stands a chance of removing all of an agent's alternatives. Vihvelin notes that both sides in the dispute over whether there is a successful case of pre-decisional intervention assume that if there is a successful case, then it will be (...)
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  6. Robert Lockie (forthcoming). Three Recent Frankfurt Cases. Philosophia:1-28.
    Three recent ‘state of the art’ Frankfurt cases are responded to: Widerker’s Brain-Malfunction-W case and Pereboom’s Tax Evasion cases (2 & 3). These cases are intended by their authors to resurrect the neo-Frankfurt project of overturning the Principle of Alternative Possibilities (PAP) in the teeth of the widespread acceptance of some combination of the WKG (Widerker-Kane-Ginet) dilemma, the Flicker of Freedom strategy and the revised PAP response (‘Principle of Alternative Blame’, ‘Principle of Alternative Expectations’). The three neo-Frankfurt cases of Pereboom (...)
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  7. Kevin Lynch (forthcoming). The Vagaries of Psychoanalytic Interpretation: An Investigation Into the Causes of the Consensus Problem in Psychoanalysis. Philosophia:1-21.
    Though the psychoanalytic method of interpretation is seen by psychoanalysts as a reliable scientific tool for investigating the unconscious mind, its reputation has long been marred by what’s known as the consensus problem: where different analysts fail to reach agreement when they interpret the same phenomena. This has long been thought, by both practitioners and observers of psychoanalysis, to undermine its claim to scientific status. The causes of this problem, however, are dimly understood. In this paper I attempt to illuminate (...)
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  8. Pendaran Roberts (forthcoming). Color Relationalism, Ordinary Illusion, and Color Incompatibility. Philosophia:1-13.
    Relationalism is a view popularized by Cohen according to which the colors are relational properties. Cohen’s view has the unintuitive consequence that the following propositions are false: (i) no object can be more than one determinate or determinable color all over at the same time; (ii) ordinary illusion cases occur whenever the color perceptually represented conflicts, according to (i) above, with the object’s real color; and (iii) the colors we perceive obey (i). I investigate Cohen’s attempt to address these intuitive (...)
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  9. Michael Roche (forthcoming). Causal Overdetermination and Kim's Exclusion Argument. Philosophia:1-18.
    Jaegwon Kim’s influential exclusion argument attempts to demonstrate the inconsistency of nonreductive materialism in the philosophy of mind. Kim’s argument begins by showing that the three main theses of nonreductive materialism, plus two additional considerations, lead to a specific and (by now) familiar picture of mental causation. The exclusion argument can succeed only if, as Kim claims, this picture is not one of genuine causal overdetermination. Accordingly, one can resist Kim’s conclusion by denying this claim, maintaining instead that the effects (...)
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  10. Chad Vance (forthcoming). Dispositional Modal Truthmakers and the Necessary Origin. Philosophia:1-17.
    Several philosophers have recently suggested that truths about unactualized metaphysical possibilities are true in virtue of the existence of actual objects and their dispositional properties. For example, on this view, it is true that unicorns are metaphysically possible only if some actual object has (or had) the disposition to bring it about that there are unicorns. This view, a dispositionalist version of what has recently been dubbed “The New Actualism,” is a proposal about the nature of modal truthmakers. But, I (...)
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  11. Michael Slote (forthcoming). Reply To: Roberts. Philosophia:1-3.
    In his critique of my views on supererogation, Rodney Roberts (Philosophia, 2014) claims that I treat care ethics as having a more general moral validity than other care ethicists do. He also claims that the kind of sentimentalism I espouse doesn’t sufficiently emphasize sentiment and then goes on to question what I say about supererogation. But in fact other care ethicists also think care ethics can cover the whole of morality, and my sentimentalism emphasizes sentiment just as much and as (...)
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  12. Margherita Arcangeli (forthcoming). Against Cognitivism About Supposition. Philosophia:1-18.
    A popular view maintains that supposition is a kind of cognitive mental state, very similar to belief in essential respects. Call this view “cognitivism about supposition”. There are at least three grades of cognitivism, construing supposition as (i) a belief, (ii) belief-like imagination or (iii) a species of belief-like imagination. I shall argue against all three grades of cognitivism and claim that supposition is a sui generis form of imagination essentially dissimilar to belief. Since for good reasons (i) is not (...)
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  13. Philip Atkins (forthcoming). How to Become an Enlightened Millian Heir. Philosophia:1-8.
    Tiddy Smith, Philosophia, 42, 173–179 (2014) has recently argued that there is an enlightenment problem for Millianism. In this paper I show that Smith’s argument rests on a misunderstanding, and that the enlightenment problem can be solved according to standard versions of Millianism. In fact, the problem can be solved according to Nathan Salmon’s (1986) version of Millianism, which is one of Smith’s main targets.
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  14. Jeremy Barris (forthcoming). Dreams as a Meta-Conceptual or Existential Experience. Philosophia:1-20.
    The paper argues that dreams (or the recollected experience of dreams) consist partly in an awareness or experience of the conceptual fabric of our existence. Since what we mean by reality is intimately tied to the concepts given in our experience, dreams are therefore also partly an awareness of the fabric of what we mean by being itself and in general, that is, by objective as well as subjective reality. Further, the paper argues that this characteristic of dreams accounts for (...)
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  15. James Beilby (forthcoming). Alvin Plantinga's Pox on Metaphysical Naturalism. Philosophia.
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  16. Y. Sandy Berkovski (forthcoming). Gratitude, Self-Interest, and Love. Philosophia:1-20.
    Gratitude is usually conceived as a uniquely appropriate response to goodwill. A grateful person is bound to reward an act of goodwill in some appropriately proportionate way. I argue that goodwill, when interpreted as love, should require no reward. Consequently, the idea of gratitude as a proportionate response to love is not intelligible. However, goodwill can also be understood merely as a disinterested concern. Such forms of goodwill are involved in reciprocal relationships. But gratitude has no place in these relationships (...)
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  17. C.’Zar Bernstein (forthcoming). Giving the Ontological Argument Its Due. Philosophia:1-15.
    In this paper, I shall present and defend an ontological argument for the existence of God. The argument has two premises: (1) possibly, God exists, and (2) necessary existence is a perfection. I then defend, at length, arguments for both of these premises. Finally, I shall address common objections to ontological arguments, such as the Kantian slogan (‘existence is not a real predicate’), and Gaunilo-style parodies, and argue that they do not succeed. I conclude that there is at least one (...)
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  18. Petersson Björn (forthcoming). Co-Responsibility and Causal Involvement. Philosophia.
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  19. G. Bowker & S. L. Star (forthcoming). How Things (Actor-Net) Work. Philosophia.
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  20. Dorota Brylla (forthcoming). Salomon Maimon has a Memorial. Philosophia:1-3.
    The 7th of September 2013 was a significant day from a point of view of the public manifestation of the history of philosophy: the reconstructed monument of the eighteenth-century Jewish philosopher Salomon Maimon [Salomon ben Jehoshua] (1753–1800) was unveiled in Kożuchów (Lower Silesia, Poland). The unveiled memorial of Maimon is the only one worldwide.That event was significant on a number of dimensions:First, it commemorated the person that was influential in philosophy in general: Maimon was the representative of epistemological rationalism. Secondly, (...)
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  21. T. Ryan Byerly (forthcoming). The Values and Varieties of Humility. Philosophia:1-22.
    This paper pursues a value-based evaluation of a variety of character traits which philosophers have identified with humility, and it proposes a novel account of a character trait not implausibly identified with humility which has a unique kind of value. I begin by explaining why a value-based evaluation of various traits identified with virtues is preferable to the more common contemporary counterexample-based evaluation of these traits. I then undertake a value-based evaluation of various traits which have been identified with humility, (...)
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  22. Simona Chiodo (forthcoming). The Virtue of Epistemological Dualism. Philosophia:1-13.
    The article tries to answer the following question: what is the most promising epistemological strategy if my objective is the construction of a theory which gives me the opportunity to decrease the risk of getting to what is actually absolute, that is, to irreversible negative actions (irreversible as a theory might not be, but as an action often is)? The answer proposed is a form of epistemological dualism which means that I metaphysically believe (that is, I programmatically and systematically believe, (...)
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  23. Jonas Christensen (forthcoming). Determinable Properties and Overdetermination of Causal Powers. Philosophia:1-17.
    Do determinable properties such as colour, mass, and height exist in addition to their corresponding determinates, being red, having a mass of 1 kilogram, and having a height of 2 metres? Optimists say yes, pessimists say no. Among the latter are Carl Gillett and Bradley Rives who argue that optimism leads to systematic overdetermination of causal powers and hence should be rejected on the grounds that the position is ontologically unparsimonious. In this paper I defend optimism against this charge by (...)
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  24. David Clarke (forthcoming). Heidegger, Hermeneutics and History: Undermining Jeff Malpas's Philosophy of Place. Philosophia:1-21.
    Most works about the philosophy of Martin Heidegger either disregard Heidegger’s attachment to National Socialism or assume the ‘minimalist’ view that his attachment was a brief political aberration of no consequence for his philosophy. This paper contends that the minimalist view is not only factually wrong but also that its assumption promotes methodological errors and poor philosophy. To assess this contention we examine two important texts from one of the more fertile fields in current philosophy: Jeff Malpas’s Heidegger’s Topology: Being, (...)
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  25. Peter Elsass (forthcoming). Sundhedsfremme: Et Sundhedspsykologisk Perspektiv for Samarbejdet Mellem Lægfolk Og Professionelle. Philosophia.
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  26. Peter Elsass (forthcoming). Kompliance: Et Forførende Begreb Om Samarbejdet Mellem Profession Og Lægmand. Philosophia.
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  27. Peter Elsass (forthcoming). Brugerindflydelse: En Retfærdiggørelse for Omstruktureringer. Philosophia.
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  28. Peter Elsass, K. Hastrup & C. E. Mabeck (forthcoming). Lægfolks Og Lægers Opfattelse Af Sundhed. Philosophia.
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  29. Suki Finn (forthcoming). Humean Supervenience Rebugged. Philosophia:1-12.
    This paper is a response to Lewis’ ‘Humean Supervenience Debugged’ (1994). Lewis was in the business of defending Humean Supervenience, and the project seemed successful until the case of chance. Lewis thus originally named chance the ‘big bad bug’ for Humean Supervenience until the aforementioned paper in which he claims victory. Here I argue that he was unsuccessful and that Humean Supervenience remains bugged by chance. I will show how this bug remains due to a misdiagnosis of where the problem (...)
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  30. John Martin Fischer & Anthony Brueckner (forthcoming). The Evil of Death: A Reply to Yi. Philosophia:1-8.
    In previous work we have presented a reply to the Lucretian Symmetry, which has it that it is rational to have symmetric attitudes toward prenatal and posthumous nonexistence. Our reply relies on Parfit-style thought-experiments. Here we reply to a critique of our approach by Huiyuhl Yi, which appears in this journal: Brueckner and Fischer on the evil of death. We argue that this critique fails to attend to the specific nature of the thought-experiments (and our associated argument). More specifically, the (...)
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  31. D. Hutto (forthcoming). The Reign of Prince Auto: Psychology in an Age of Science. Philosophia.
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  32. Hilla Jacobson & Hilary Putnam (forthcoming). The Needlessness of Adverbialism, Attributeism and its Compatibilty with Cognitive Science. Philosophia:1-16.
    Although adverbialism is not given much attention in current discussions of phenomenal states, it remains of interest to philosophers who reject the representationalist view of such states, in suggesting an alternative to a problematic ‘act-property’ conception. We discuss adverbialism and the formalization Tye once offered for it, and criticize the semantics he proposed for this formalization. Our central claim is that Tye’s ontological purposes could have been met by a more minimal view, which we dub “attributeism”. We then show that (...)
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  33. P. Lauritsen, K. Kaasgaard & Peter Elsass (forthcoming). Computere i psykiatrien. En undersøgelse af lægers og ergoterapeuters" i-tale-sættelse" af computerens anvendelsesmuligheder i arbejdet med psykiatriske patienter. Philosophia.
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  34. Wang-Yen Lee (forthcoming). Should the No-Miracle Argument Add to Scientific Evidence? Philosophia:1-6.
    Lipton contends that the no-miracle argument is illegitimate, because it fails to adduce new evidence beyond that cited by scientists for their theories. The debate on this issue between Lipton and Psillos has focussed on whether there is a construal of the no-miracle argument in relation to first-order scientific inferences that can yield new evidence. I move away from this focus without taking sides, and argue that the no-miracle argument, on its two popular interpretations, is as legitimate, cogent, and useful (...)
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  35. Micah Lott (forthcoming). Why Be a Good Human Being? Natural Goodness, Reason, and the Authority of Human Nature. Philosophia:1-17.
    The central claim of Aristotelian naturalism is that moral goodness is a kind of species-specific natural goodness. Aristotelian naturalism has recently enjoyed a resurgence in the work of philosophers such as Philippa Foot, Rosalind Hursthouse, and Michael Thompson. However, any view that takes moral goodness to be a type of natural goodness faces a challenge: Granting that moral goodness is natural goodness for human beings, why should we care about being good human beings? Given that we are rational creatures who (...)
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  36. Ioan-Radu Motoarca (forthcoming). Fictional Surrogates. Philosophia:1-21.
    It is usually taken for granted, in discussions about fiction, that real things or events can occur as referents of fictional names (e.g. ‘Napoleon’ in War and Peace). In this paper, I take issue with this view, and provide several arguments to the effect that it is better to take the names in fiction to refer to fictional surrogates of real objects. Doing so allows us to solve a series of problems that arise on the reference-continuity view. I also show (...)
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  37. Daniele Moyal-Sharrock (forthcoming). Introduction: The Third Wittgenstein Conference. Philosophia.
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  38. Harold W. Noonan (forthcoming). Tollensing van Inwagen. Philosophia:1-7.
    Van Inwagen (1990) has an ingenious argument for the non-existence of human artefacts (and other non-living complex things). But the argument cannot be accepted, since human artefacts are everywhere. However, it cannot be ignored. The proper response to it is to treat it as a refutation of its least plausible premise, i.e., to ‘tollens’ it. I first set out van Inwagen’s argument. I then identify its least plausible premise and explain the consequence of denying it, that is, the acceptance of (...)
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  39. Søren Gosvig Olesen (forthcoming). Liv og verden. Philosophia.
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  40. Franco Palazzi (forthcoming). Would Human Extinction Be Morally Wrong? Philosophia:1-22.
    This article casts light on the moral implications of the possibility of human extinction, with a specific focus on extinction caused by an interruption in human reproduction. In the first two paragraphs, I show that moral philosophy has not yet given promising explanations for the wrongness of this kind of extinction. Specifically, the second paragraph contains a detailed rejection of John Leslie’s main claims on the (im) morality of extinction. In the third paragraph, I offer a demonstration of the fact (...)
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  41. Gustavo Picazo (forthcoming). Truths and Processes: A Critical Approach to Truthmaker Theory. Philosophia:1-27.
    The starting point of this paper is the idea that linguistic representation is the result of a global process: a process of interaction of a community of cognitive-linguistic agents, with one another and with the environment. I maintain that the study of truth, meaning and related notions should be addressed without losing perspective of this process, and I oppose the ‘static’ or ‘analytic’ approach, which is fundamentally based on our own knowledge of the conventional meaning of words and sentences, and (...)
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  42. Adolf Reinach (forthcoming). Sämtliche Werke. Kritische Ausgabe und Kommentar. München. Philosophia.
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  43. Huiming Ren (forthcoming). Is the Splash Red? Philosophia:1-7.
    Ball (2009) claims that without phenomenal concepts, the knowledge argument fails. In this article, I argue that Ball doesn’t succeed in proving his claim. The reason is that the Marianna case is not a case where the acquisition of the concept required for entertaining a phenomenal belief content Q alone is sufficient for Marianna, given enough physical information about her environment, to infer Q.
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  44. Rodney C. Roberts (forthcoming). Supererogation in an Ethics of Care. Philosophia:1-6.
    Most philosophers who advance an ethics of care do not claim that their theories are meant to account for all of morality, or that they can, or should, replace the traditional Western philosophical approaches to moral theory. However, one care ethicist, Michael Slote, holds that his theory can be used to understand all of individual and political morality. Moreover, while Kantianism, utilitarianism, and both ancient and contemporary Aristotelian ethics are all uncomfortable with supererogation and are typically committed to assumptions that (...)
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  45. Jon Robson (forthcoming). A-Time to Die: A Growing Block Account of the Evil of Death. Philosophia:1-15.
    In this paper I argue that the growing block theory of time has rather surprising, and hitherto unexplored, explanatory benefits when it comes to certain enduring philosophical puzzles concerning death. In particular, I claim the growing block theorist has readily available and convincing answers to the following questions: (i) Why is it an evil to be dead but not an evil to be not yet born? (ii) How can death be an evil for the dead if they no longer exist (...)
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  46. Wojciech Rostworowski (forthcoming). Definite Descriptions and the Argument From Inference. Philosophia:1-11.
    This article discusses the “Argument from Inference” raised against the view that definite descriptions are semantically referring expressions. According to this argument, the indicated view is inadequate since it evaluates some invalid inferences with definite descriptions as “valid” and vice versa. I argue that the Argument from Inference is basically wrong. Firstly, it is crucially based on the assumption that a proponent of the view that definite descriptions are referring expressions conceives them as directly referring terms, i.e., the terms which (...)
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  47. Jörgen Sjögren & Christian Bennet (forthcoming). Concept Formation and Concept Grounding. Philosophia:1-13.
    Recently Carrie S. Jenkins formulated an epistemology of mathematics, or rather arithmetic, respecting apriorism, empiricism, and realism. Central is an idea of concept grounding. The adequacy of this idea has been questioned e.g. concerning the grounding of the mathematically central concept of set (or class), and of composite concepts. In this paper we present a view of concept formation in mathematics, based on ideas from Carnap, leading to modifications of Jenkins’s epistemology that may solve some problematic issues with her ideas. (...)
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  48. Camilla Sløk (forthcoming). Metafysikkritikkens Ophør. Philosophia.
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  49. Mark Thomas Walker (forthcoming). The Real Reason Why the Prisoner's Dilemma is Not a Newcomb Problem. Philosophia:1-19.
    It is commonly thought, in line with the position defended in an influential paper by David Lewis, that the decision problems faced in the prisoner’s dilemma and the Newcomb situation are essentially the same problem. José Luis Bermúdez has recently attacked the case Lewis makes for this claim. While I think the claim is false, I contend that Bermúdez’s reason for rejecting Lewis’s argument is inadequate, and then outline what I take to be a better reason for doing so.
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  50. Ju Wang (forthcoming). Closure and Underdetermination Again. Philosophia:1-12.
    In contemporary epistemology, sceptical arguments are motivated either by the closure principle or the underdetermination principle. Therefore, it is very important to figure out the structure of the sceptical argument before coming up with an anti-sceptic strategy. With a review of the debate on the relationship between the two principles from Anthony Brueckner to Kevin McCain, it is argued that while maintaining the weak closed justification (WCJ*), closure and underdetermination are not logically equivalent. As a result, two independent responses are (...)
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  51. Steven Weimer (forthcoming). Autonomy, Regress, and Manipulation. Philosophia:1-28.
    In this paper, I propose a novel deliberation-based theory of autonomy which grounds an agent’s autonomy in her nature as a rationally-reflective being. I defend that theory against competing approaches to autonomous agency by arguing that the theory I propose is best equipped to handle two of the more troublesome problems that theories of autonomy face: the regress problem and the problem of manipulation. Sarah Buss and Peter Railton have each recently claimed that the regress problem which plagues many prominent (...)
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  52. Eddy M. Zemach & Amir Horowitz (forthcoming). Intentionality, Thought and Language: A Correspondence. Philosophia:1-18.
    IntroductionEddy M. Zemach was born in Jerusalem in 1935. His mother, Helena, was a dentist as well as a poet, and his father, Shimon, was a dentist as well as a political figure. Eddy completed B.A. and M.A. degrees in both Hebrew literature and philosophy at the Hebrew university of Jerusalem. He studied for a doctoral degree in philosophy at Yale University. In 1965 he completed his dissertation on the boundaries of the aesthetic, supervised by Paul Weiss. Another of his (...)
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