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  1. Rob Clifton (2002). The Subtleties of Entanglement and its Role in Quantum Information Theory. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S150-S167.
    My aim in this paper is a modest one. I do not have any particular thesis to advance about the nature of entanglement, nor can I claim novelty for any of the material I shall discuss. My aim is simply to raise some questions about entanglement that spring naturally from certain developments in quantum information theory and are, I believe, worthy of serious consideration by philosophers of science. The main topics I discuss are different manifestations of quantum nonlocality, entanglement-assisted communication, (...)
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  2. Lindley Darden (2002). Strategies for Discovering Mechanisms: Schema Instantiation, Modular Subassembly, Forward/Backward Chaining. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S354-S365.
  3. Robyn M. Dawes (2002). The Ethics of Using or Not Using Statistical Prediction Rules in Psychological Practice and Related Consulting Activities. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S178-S184.
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  4. John Dupré (2002). The Lure of the Simplistic. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S284-S293.
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  5. John Earman (2002). Gauge Matters. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S209--20.
    The constrained Hamiltonian formalism is recommended as a means for getting a grip on the concepts of gauge and gauge transformation. This formalism makes it clear how the gauge concept is relevant to understanding Newtonian and classical relativistic theories as well as the theories of elementary particle physics; it provides an explication of the vague notions of "local" and "global" gauge transformations; it explains how and why a fibre bundle structure emerges for theories which do not wear their bundle structure (...)
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  6. Marc Ereshefsky (2002). Linnaean Ranks: Vestiges of a Bygone Era. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S305-S315.
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  7. David Faust & Paul E. Meehl (2002). Using Meta-Scientific Studies to Clarify or Resolve Questions in the Philosophy and History of Science. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S185-S196.
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  8. Malcolm R. Forster (2002). Predictive Accuracy as an Achievable Goal of Science. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S124-S134.
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  9. Stuart Glennan (2002). Rethinking Mechanistic Explanation. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S342-353.
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  10. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2002). Dewey on Naturalism, Realism and Science. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S25-S35.
    An interpretation of John Dewey’s views about realism, science, and naturalistic philosophy is presented. Dewey should be seen as an unorthodox realist, with respect to both general metaphysical debates about realism and with respect to debates about the aims and achievements of science.
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  11. Paul Humphreys (2002). Computational Models. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S1-S11.
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  12. Jonathan Kaplan (2002). Historical Evidence and Human Adaptations. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S294-S304.
    Phylogenetic information is often necessary to distinguish between evolutionary scenarios. Recently, some prominent proponents of evolutionary psychology have acknowledged this, and have claimed that such evidence has in fact been brought to bear on adaptive hypotheses involving complex human psychological traits. Were this possible, it would be a valuable source of evidence regarding hypothesized adaptive traits in humans. However, the structure of the Hominidae family makes this difficult or impossible. For many traits of interest, the closest extant relatives to the (...)
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  13. Isaac Levi (2002). Money Pumps and Diachronic Books. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S235-S247.
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  14. Christopher A. Martin (2002). Gauge Principles, Gauge Arguments and the Logic of Nature. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S221-S234.
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  15. Eric Martin & Daniel Osherson (2002). Scientific Discovery From the Perspective of Hypothesis Acceptance. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S331-S341.
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  16. Wayne C. Myrvold & William L. Harper (2002). Model Selection, Simplicity, and Scientific Inference. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S135-S149.
    The Akaike Information Criterion can be a valuable tool of scientific inference. This statistic, or any other statistical method for that matter, cannot, however, be the whole of scientific methodology. In this paper some of the limitations of Akaikean statistical methods are discussed. It is argued that the full import of empirical evidence is realized only by adopting a richer ideal of empirical success than predictive accuracy, and that the ability of a theory to turn phenomena into accurate, agreeing measurements (...)
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  17. Itamar Pitowsky (2002). Quantum Speed-Up of Computations. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S168-S177.
    1. The Physical Church-Turing Thesis. Physicists often interpret the Church-Turing Thesis as saying something about the scope and limitations of physical computing machines. Although this was not the intention of Church or Turing, the Physical Church Turing thesis is interesting in its own right. Consider, for example, Wolfram’s formulation: One can expect in fact that universal computers are as powerful in their computational capabilities as any physically realizable system can be, that they can simulate any physical system . . . (...)
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  18. Alan W. Richardson (2002). Engineering Philosophy of Science: American Pragmatism and Logical Empiricism in the 1930s. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S36-S47.
    This essay examines logical empiricism and American pragmatism, arguing that American philosophy's embrace of logical empiricism in the 1930s was not a turning away from Dewey's pragmatism. It places both movements within scientific philosophy and finds two key points on which they agreed: their revolutionary ambitions and their social engineering sensibility. The essay suggests that the disagreement over emotivism in ethics should be placed within the context of a larger issue on which the movements disagreed: demarcationism and imperialism.
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  19. Mark J. Schervish, Teddy Seidenfeld & Joseph B. Kadane (2002). A Rate of Incoherence Applied to Fixed-Level Testing. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S248-S264.
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  20. Brian Skyrms (2002). Altruism, Inclusive Fitness, and "the Logic of Decision". Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S104-S111.
    We show how Richard Jeffrey’s The Logic of Decision provides the proper formalism for calculating expected fitness for correlated encounters in general. As an illustration, some puzzles about kin selection are resolved.
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  21. Elliott Sober (2002). Instrumentalism, Parsimony, and the Akaike Framework. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S112-S123.
    Akaike’s framework for thinking about model selection in terms of the goal of predictive accuracy and his criterion for model selection have important philosophical implications. Scientists often test models whose truth values they already know, and they often decline to reject models that they know full well are false. Instrumentalism helps explain this pervasive feature of scientific practice, and Akaike’s framework helps provide instrumentalism with the epistemology it needs. Akaike’s criterion for model selection also throws light on the role of (...)
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  22. William C. Wimsatt (2002). Using False Models to Elaborate Constraints on Processes: Blending Inheritance in Organic and Cultural Evolution. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S12-S24.
  23. Jim Woodward (2002). What is a Mechanism? A Counterfactual Account. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S366-S377.
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  24. John Worrall (2002). What Evidence in Evidence-Based Medicine? Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S316-S330.
    Evidence-Based Medicine is a relatively new movement that seeks to put clinical med- icine on a firmer scientific footing. I take it as uncontroversial that medical practice should be based on best evidence-the interesting questions concern the details. This paper tries to move towards a coherent and unified account of best evidence in medicine, by exploring in particular the EBM position on RCTs (randomized controlled trials).
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  25. S. L. Zabell (2002). It All Adds Up: The Dynamic Coherence of Radical Probabilism. Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S98-S103.
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