Year:

  1. Petra Gelhaus (2013). Relational Truth-Creation: Between Bare Literal Openness and Mutual Manipulation. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):38-54.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Henrik Lerner (2013). Philosophical Roots of the One Medicine Movement: An Analysis of Some Relevant Ideas by Rudolf Virchow and Calvin Schwabe with Their Modern Implications. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):97-109.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Signe Mezinska & Ilze Mileiko (2013). Risk Communication in Assisted Reproduction in Latvia: From Private Experience to Ethical Issues. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):79-96.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Ivars Neiders, Vija Sile & Vents Silis (2013). Truth-Telling and the Asymmetry of the Attitude to Truth-Telling to Dying Patients in Latvia. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):55-78.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Lennart Nordenfelt (2013). Identification and Classification of Diseases: Fundamental Problems in Medical Ontology and Epistemology. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):6-21.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Theda Rehbock (2013). How to Respect the Will of Mentally Ill Persons? Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):22-37.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Kadri Simm & Henrik Lerner (2013). Medical Philosophy and Medical Ethics in the Nordic and the Baltic Countries: Some Pressing Issues. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (2):1-5.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Baptiste Le Bihan (2013). Why a Gunk World is Compatible with Nihilism About Objects. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (1):1-14.
    Ted Sider argues that nihilism about objects is incompatible with the metaphysical possibility of gunk and takes this point to show that nihilism is flawed. I shall describe one kind of nihilism able to answer this objection. I believe that most of the things we usually encounter do not exist. That is, I take talk of macroscopic objects and macroscopic properties to refer to sets of fundamental properties, which are invoked as a matter of linguistic convention. This view is a (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Giovanni Mion (2013). Epistemic Disagreements: A Solution for Contextualists. Studia Philosophica Estonica 6 (1):15-23.
    My paper aims to account for the possibility of disagreements concerning what we know; for clearly, people disagree about what they know. More precisely, my goal is to explain how a contextualist theory of knowledge attributions can explain the existence of disagreement among speakers. My working hypothesis is that genuine epistemic disagreement is possible only under the assumption that the meaning of the word “knowledge” is governed by contexts that are objective, in the sense that that the content of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Hanne Andersen (2013). Conceptual Development and Dynamic Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):133-151.
    This paper focuses on Thomas S. Kuhn's work on taxonomic concepts and how it relates to empirical work from the cognitive sciences on categorization and conceptual development. I shall first review the basic features of Kuhn's family resemblance account and compare to work from the cognitive sciences. I shall then show how Kuhn's account can be extended to cover the development of new taxonomies in science, and I shall illustrate by a detailed case study that Kuhn himself mentioned only briefly (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Rom Harre (2013). Approaches to Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):23-35.
    Scientific realism asserts that the methods of science, combined with the intellectual powers of human beings can give us reliable knowledge of states of the world beyond the limits of perception. Among the varieties of realism, policy realism is based on the principle that taking plausible theories to be putative descriptions of actual states of affairs is the best way to design experiments and to advance our knowledge. We carve out the umwelt from the welt by the use of our (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Rafaela Hillerbrand (2013). Order Out of Chaos? A Case Study in High Energy Physics. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):61-78.
    In recent years, computational sciences such as computational hydrodynamics or computational field theory have supplemented theoretical and experimental investigations in many scientific fields. Often, there is a seemingly fruitful overlap between theory, experiment, and numerics. The computational sciences are highly dynamic and seem a fairly successful endeavor---at least if success is measured in terms of publications or engineering applications. However, for theories, success in application and correctness are two very different things; and just the same may hold for "methodologies" like (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Evaldas Juozelis (2013). (Anti)Hermeneutical Philosophy for Science. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):95-107.
    Philosophical hermeneutics claims that human understanding, while being contingent and historical, is likewise universal and bears within itself some pervasive features detectable via hermeneutical analyses of historically imparted tradition and language. Similarly, hermeneutical philosophy of science is confident that hermeneutical methods are the only proper tool to adequately assess, reconstruct, explain or give a meaning to historical but universal scientific knowledge and its various forms. I point out two versions of hermeneutical philosophy of science and argue that whenever philosophical hermeneutics (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Jean-Pierre Llored (2013). Towards a Practical Form of Epistemology: The Case of Green Chemistry. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):36-60.
    This paper explores how chemists are transforming their own current background in order to act upon the world without jeopardizing life. In this respect, I will envisage science as both a system of propositions and a set of engaged practices. The scrutiny of chemical innovations will allow me to query the concepts of paradigm and that of scientific community . In doing so, I will connect the philosophy of science with the philosophy of technology so as to think about our (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Endla Lõhkivi, Katrin Velbaum & Jaana Eigi (2013). Epistemic Injustice in Research Evaluation: A Cultural Analysis of the Humanities and Physics in Estonia. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):108-132.
    This paper explores the issue of epistemic injustice in research evaluation. Through an analysis of the disciplinary cultures of physics and humanities, we attempt to identify some aims and values specific to the disciplinary areas. We suggest that credibility is at stake when the cultural values and goals of a discipline contradict those presupposed by official evaluation standards. Disciplines that are better aligned with the epistemic assumptions of evaluation standards appear to produce more "scientific" findings. To restore epistemic justice in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Endla Lõhkivi & Rein Vihalemm (2013). Guest Editorial: Philosophy of Science in Practice and Practical Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):1-6.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Ave Mets (2013). Measurement Theory, Nomological Machine And Measurement Uncertainties (In Classical Physics). Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):167-186.
    Measurement is said to be the basis of exact sciences as the process of assigning numbers to matter (things or their attributes), thus making it possible to apply the mathematically formulated laws of nature to the empirical world. Mathematics and empiria are best accorded to each other in laboratory experiments which function as what Nancy Cartwright calls nomological machine: an arrangement generating (mathematical) regularities. On the basis of accounts of measurement errors and uncertainties, I will argue for two claims: 1) (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Peeter Müürsepp (2013). The Changing Role of Scientific Experiment. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):152-166.
    Practical realism is focused on the problem of how science really works. In the case of physics and chemistry, experiment is the centrepiece of scientific practice. The rapid development of contemporary natural science does not leave the experiment unaffected. The classical experiment is normally applied only to systems that can be considered structurally stable, repeatability being the key feature. After the introduction of the theoretical basis of irreversibility by Ilya Prigogine the essence of the experiment changed. The strict requirement of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Sami Pihlström (2013). Toward Pragmatically Naturalized Transcendental Philosophy of Scientific Inquiry And Pragmatic Scientific Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):79-94.
    This paper seeks to show that the turn toward local scientific practices in the philosophy of science is not a turn away from transcendental investigations. On the contrary, a pragmatist approach can very well be (re)connected with Kantian transcendental examination of the necessary conditions for the possibility of scientific representation and cognition, insofar as the a priori conditions that transcendental philosophy of science examines are understood as historically relative and thus potentially changing. The issue of scientific realism will be considered (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Rein Vihalemm (2013). Practical Realism: Against Standard Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):7-22.
    In this paper, the elaboration of the concept of practical realist philosophy of science which began in the author's previous papers is continued. It is argued that practical realism is opposed to standard scientific realism, on the one hand, and antirealism, on the other. Standard scientific realism is challengeable due to its abstract character, as being isolated from practice. It is based on a metaphysical-ontological presupposition which raises the problem of the God's Eye point of view (as it was called (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Gottfried Gabriel (2013). Gustav Teichmüller and the Systematic Significance of Studying the History of Concepts. Studia Philosophica Estonica:1-12.
    The history of concepts is relevant in philosophy because conceptual distinctions fundamentally shape cognition. Because these conceptual distinctions are deeply entrenched in our way of thinking, we are not usually aware of this influence. How we view the world depends crucially on the concepts we have. These concepts, however, are the products of their history. Following Herbart, Gustav Teichmüller viewed philosophy as the systematic analysis and refinement of concepts. Refining concepts in such a way allows us to make new distinctions, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Heiner Schwenke (2013). "A Star of the First Magnitude Within the Philosophical World": Introduction to Life and Work of Gustav Teichmüller. Studia Philosophica Estonica:1-24.
    In 1871, the German philosopher Gustav Teichmüller (1832-1888) moved from his Basel chair to the much better paid chair in Tartu, and taught there until his untimely death. Besides philosophy, he had studied various disciplines, including the natural sciences. In the preparation of his own philosophy, he explored the history of philosophy for more than twenty years and made pioneering contributions to the history of concepts. Only by the early-1880s did he begin to elaborate his "new philosophy", an original version (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Rein Vihalemm (2013). Theoretical Philosophy and Philosophy of Science in the Soviet Times: Some Remarks on the Example of Estonia in 1960-1990. Studia Philosophica Estonica:1-34.
    Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} This part of the Soviet philosophy that corresponds approximately to theoretical philosophy and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation