110 found

Year:

Forthcoming articles
  1. Fred Adams & João Antonio de Moraes (forthcoming). Is There a Philosophy of Information? Topoi:1-11.
    In 2002, Luciano Floridi published a paper called What is the Philosophy of Information?, where he argues for a new paradigm in philosophical research. To what extent should his proposal be accepted? Is the Philosophy of Information actually a new paradigm, in the Kuhninan sense, in Philosophy? Or is it only a new branch of Epistemology? In our discussion we will argue in defense of Floridi’s proposal. We believe that Philosophy of Information has the types of features had by other (...)
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  2. Glenn Carruthers & Elizabeth Schier (forthcoming). Why Are We Still Being Hornswoggled? Dissolving the Hard Problem of Consciousness. Topoi.
    In this paper we try to diagnose one reason why the debate regarding the Hard Problem of consciousness inevitably leads to a stalemate: namely that the characterisation of consciousness assumed by the Hard Problem is unjustified and probably unjustifiable. Following Dennett (2012; 1996, 2001; 1991) and Patricia Churchland (1996; 2002), we argue that there is in fact no non-question begging argument for the claim that consciousness is a uniquely Hard Phenomenon. That is; there is no non-question begging argument for the (...)
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  3. Mauro Dorato (forthcoming). Events and the Ontology of Quantum Mechanics. Topoi.
    In the first part of the paper I argue that an ontology of events is precise, flexible and general enough so as to cover the three main alternative formulations of quantum mechanics as well as theories advocating an antirealistic view of the wave function. Since these formulations advocate a primitive ontology of entities living in four-dimensional spacetime, they are good candidates to connect that quantum image with the manifest image of the world. However, to the extent that some form of (...)
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  4. Amaia Garcia-Odon (forthcoming). Presupposition Projection and Conditionalization. Topoi:1-12.
    I explain what exactly constrains presupposition projection in compound sentences and argue that the presuppositions that do not project are conditionalized, giving rise to inferable conditional presuppositions. I combine elements of Gazdar (1979) and van der Sandt (1988) which, together with an additional, independently motivated assumption, make it possible to construct an analysis that makes correct predictions. The core of my proposal is as follows: When a speaker felicitously utters a compound sentence whose constituent clauses require presuppositions, the hearer will (...)
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  5. Christopher Gauker (forthcoming). Presuppositions as Anaphoric Duality Enablers. Topoi:1-12.
    The key to an adequate account of presupposition projection is to accommodate the fact that the presuppositions of a sentence cannot always be read off the sentence but can often be identified only on the basis of prior utterances in the conversation in which the sentence is uttered. In addition, an account of presupposition requires a three-valued semantics of assertibility and deniability in a context. Presuppositions can be explicated as sentences that belong to the conversation and the assertibility of which (...)
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  6. Katharina Nieswandt (forthcoming). Do Rights Exist by Convention or by Nature? Topoi:1-13.
    I argue that all rights exist by convention. According to my definition, a right exists by convention just in case its justification appeals to the rules of a socially shared pattern of acting. I show that our usual justifications for rights are circular, that a right fulfills my criterion if all possible justifications for it are circular, and that all existing philosophical justifications for rights are circular or fail. We find three non-circular alternatives in the literature, viz. justifications of rights (...)
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  7. David Ripley (forthcoming). Anything Goes. Topoi.
    This paper consider Prior's connective Tonk from a particular bilateralist perspective. I show that there is a natural perspective from which we can see Tonk and its ilk as perfectly well-defined pieces of vocabulary; there is no need for restrictions to bar things like Tonk.
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  8. Mauro Rossi & Christine Tappolet (forthcoming). Emotions and Wellbeing. Topoi:1-14.
    In this paper, we consider the question of whether there exists an essential relation between emotions and wellbeing. We distinguish three ways in which emotions and wellbeing might be essentially related: constitutive, causal, and epistemic. We argue that, while there is some room for holding that emotions are constitutive ingredients of an individual’s wellbeing, all the attempts to characterise the causal and epistemic relations in an essentialist way are vulnerable to some important objections. We conclude that the causal and epistemic (...)
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  9. Jason A. Clark & Daniel M. T. Fessler (forthcoming). The Role of Disgust in Norms, and of Norms in Disgust Research: Why Liberals Shouldn't Be Morally Disgusted by Moral Disgust. Topoi:1-16.
    Recently, many critics have argued that disgust is a morally harmful emotion, and that it should play no role in our moral and legal reasoning. Here we defend disgust as a morally beneficial moral capacity. We believe that a variety of liberal norms have been inappropriately imported into both moral psychology and ethical studies of disgust: disgust has been associated with conservative authors, values, value systems, and modes of moral reasoning that are seen as inferior to the values and moral (...)
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  10. Stephen Rainey (forthcoming). The Method of Levels of Abstraction in Pluralism and Governance of Dialogical Interaction. Topoi:1-11.
    This paper deploys elements of the philosophy of information (PoI) in order to explore ideas of dialogical governance. Dialogue in the governance of contentious issues is at least partly a response to the recognition of pluralism among perspectives on various issues. This recognition is prevalent in the context of European governance. However, it is a first step to a better understanding of diverging opinion, rather than an end point. This paper argues that the PoI offers a fruitful path to follow (...)
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  11. Giulia Terzian (forthcoming). Norms of Truth and Logical Revision. Topoi:1-9.
    Many take the lesson of the paradoxes to be that we ought to impose some form of logical revision. It is argued here that this kind of move should not be taken lightly.
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  12. Barbara Abbott (forthcoming). An Information Packaging Approach to Presuppositions and Conventional Implicatures. Topoi:1-13.
    Within the relevant semantics and pragmatics literature the terms “presupposition” and “conventional implicature” are used in a variety of different, but frequently overlapping, ways. The overlaps are perhaps not surprising, given that the two categories of conveyed meaning share the property of remaining constant in the scope of other operators—the property usefully characterize as projectivity. One of my purposes in this paper will be to try to clarify these different usages. In addition to that we will explore two additional properties (...)
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  13. Fred Adams & João Antonio de Moraes (forthcoming). Erratum To: Is There a Philosophy of Information? Topoi:1-1.
    Erratum to: Topoi DOI 10.1007/s11245-014-9252-9The affiliation of the second author was incorrectly published in the original article. The author’s correct affiliation appears in this erratum.
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  14. Scott F. Aikin & John P. Casey (forthcoming). Straw Men, Iron Men, and Argumentative Virtue. Topoi:1-10.
    The straw man fallacy consists in inappropriately constructing or selecting weak versions of the opposition’s arguments. We will survey the three forms of straw men recognized in the literature, the straw, weak, and hollow man. We will then make the case that there are examples of inappropriately reconstructing stronger versions of the opposition’s arguments. Such cases we will call iron man fallacies. The difference between appropriate and inappropriate iron manning clarifies the limits of the virtue of open-mindedness.
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  15. Jean-Jacques Aubert (forthcoming). Les institores et le commerce maritime dans l'Empire romain. Topoi.
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  16. Sharon Bailin & Mark Battersby (forthcoming). Fostering the Virtues of Inquiry. Topoi:1-8.
    This paper examines what constitute the virtues of argumentation or critical thinking and how these virtues might be developed. We argue first that the notion of virtue is more appropriate for characterizing this aspect than the notion of dispositions commonly employed by critical thinking theorists and, further, that it is more illuminating to speak of the virtues of inquiry rather than of argumentation. Our central argument is that learning to think critically is a matter of learning to participate knowledgeably and (...)
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  17. J. Balty (forthcoming). À la recherche de l'Apamée hellénistique: les sources antiques. Topoi.
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  18. P. Bernard (forthcoming). Les Origines Thessaliennes de l'Arménie Vues Par Deux Historiens Thessaliens de la Génération d'Alexandre. Topoi.
     
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  19. José Maia Bezerra Neto (forthcoming). Ousados E Insubordinados: Protesto E Fugas de Escravos Na Província Do Grão-Pará-1840/1860. Topoi.
     
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  20. Anne Bezuidenhout (forthcoming). Presupposition Failure and the Assertive Enterprise. Topoi:1-13.
    I outline a discourse-based account of presuppositions that relies on insights from the writings of Peter Strawson, as well as on insights from more recent work by Robert Stalnaker and Barbara Abbott. One of the key elements of my account is the idea that presuppositions are “assertorically inert”, in the sense that they are background propositions, rather than being part of the “at issue” or asserted content. Strawson is often assumed to have defended the view that the falsity of a (...)
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  21. Cory Bill, Jacopo Romoli, Florian Schwarz & Stephen Crain (forthcoming). Scalar Implicatures Versus Presuppositions: The View From Acquisition. Topoi:1-15.
    This paper reports an experimental investigation of presuppositions and scalar implicatures in language acquisition. Recent proposals posit the same mechanisms for generating both types of inferences, in contrast to the traditional view. We used a Covered Box picture selection task to compare the interpretations assigned by two groups of children and by adults, in response to sentences with presuppositions and ones with either ‘direct’ or ‘indirect’ scalar implicatures. The main finding was that the behavior of children and adults differed across (...)
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  22. Joanna Blochowiak (forthcoming). A Presuppositional Account of Causal and Temporal Interpretations of And. Topoi:1-15.
    Despite extensive studies, the issue concerning the pragmatic mechanisms leading to causal and temporal interpretations of and remains problematic and has not yet been addressed in its totality within one framework. This paper proposes a solution based on presuppositional mechanisms built into a comprehensive analysis that accounts for both the various interpretations of and-sentences as well as those of other types of sentences involving similar interpretations. This account is a specific part of a unified solution to the knotty problem of (...)
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  23. Remy Boucharlat (forthcoming). Camp royal et résidences achéménides. Topoi.
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  24. Jennifer L. Bowie (forthcoming). Rhetorical Roots and Media Future: How Podcasting Fits Into the Computers and Writing Classroom. Topoi.
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  25. Bill Brewer (forthcoming). The Object View of Perception. Topoi:1-13.
    We perceive a world of mind-independent macroscopic material objects such as stones, tables, trees, and animals. Our experience is the joint upshot of the way these things are and our route through them, along with the various relevant circumstances of perception; and it depends on the normal operation of our perceptual systems. How should we characterise our perceptual experience so as to respect its basis and explain its role in grounding empirical thought and knowledge? I offered an answer to this (...)
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  26. Brett Jacob Bricker (forthcoming). Scientific Counterpublics: In Defense of the Environmental Scientist as Public Intellectual. Topoi:1-12.
    Global warming and climate change pose a significant threat to the livelihoods of future generations. Although there is a consensus among qualified climate scientists who believe that scientific evidence supports anthropogenic climate change theories, this has not translated into public understanding or trust in these theories. In this essay, I trace policy debates in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s concerning the link between CFC pollution and ozone depletion. Based on a rich tradition of counterpublic scholarship and empirical (...)
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  27. Claudio Calosi & Vincenzo Fano (forthcoming). A New Taxonomy of Persisting (Relativistic) Objects. Topoi:1-12.
    The paper presents a thorough exploration of the problem of persistence in a relativistic context. Using formal methods such as mereology, formal theories of location and the so called intrinsic formulation of special relativity we provide a new, more rigorous and more comprehensive taxonomy of persisting entities. This new taxonomy differs significantly from the ones that are present in the recent literature.
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  28. J. M. Carrié (forthcoming). Une rationalité quand même. Topoi.
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  29. Hector-Neri Castaneda (forthcoming). Objects, Identity, and Sameness. Topoi.
     
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  30. Abadie-Reynal Catherine & Gaborit Justine (forthcoming). Le développement urbain en Syrie du Nord, étude des cas de Séleucie et Apamée de l'Euphrate. Topoi.
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  31. Christophe Chandezon (forthcoming). Prélèvements royaux et fiscalité civique dans le royaume séleucide. Topoi.
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  32. Véronique Chankowski (forthcoming). Techniques financières, influences, performances dans les activités bancaires des sanctuaires grecs. Topoi.
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  33. Chris Cummins (forthcoming). Using Triggers Without Projecting Presuppositions. Topoi:1-9.
    Presuppositions are capable of projecting from under the scope of operators such as negation, but do not obligatorily do so. This creates a potential difficulty for the hearer of presupposition-bearing utterances, especially given the fact that speaker can use presupposition to convey entirely new information. In this paper, I discuss the potential role of context in resolving this tension, and in particular, I argue that the inferences that are drawn about the current discourse purpose may be materially relevant to the (...)
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  34. Filippo Domaneschi (forthcoming). Introduction: Presuppositions Philosophy, Linguistics and Psychology. Topoi:1-4.
    Mind the Gap Presupposition has been a widely discussed topic in the philosophical and linguistic tradition since the beginning: Frege, in Über Sinn und Bedeutung , claims that the use of a singular term presupposes the existence of the individual denoted. The Fregean example was that to give a truth value to the sentenceKepler died in miserywe need to take for granted the truth of the propositionKepler existedTherefore, is a semantic presupposition of . Since the Fregean stance, analytic scholars have (...)
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  35. Benoît Dubreuil (forthcoming). Anger and Morality. Topoi:1-8.
    The emotion of anger has a long love–hate relationship with morality. On the one hand, anger often motivates us to sanction wrongdoing and uphold demanding moral standards. On the other hand, it can prompt aggression behaviors that are at odds with morality and even lead to moral disasters. This article describes this complex relationship. I argue that the intensity of anger elicited by moral transgressions is highly sensitive to key variables, including the identity of the person wronged, the nature of (...)
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  36. Saba Fares (forthcoming). La Chronologie des Inscriptions Dédanites Et Lihyânites d'Al-'Ulâ: État de la Question. Topoi.
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  37. Carlos Fico (forthcoming). Prezada Censura”: cartas ao regime militar. Topoi.
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  38. G. Fink (forthcoming). L'économie et le roi au Levant sud d'apres les sources archéologiques et textuelles'. Topoi.
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  39. Steven Fraiberg (forthcoming). Military Mashups: Remixing Literacy Practices. Topoi.
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  40. David Gamez (forthcoming). Are Information or Data Patterns Correlated with Consciousness? Topoi:1-15.
    Scientific research on consciousness is attempting to gather data about the relationship between consciousness and the physical world. The basic procedure is to measure consciousness through first-person reports, measure the physical world and look for correlations between these sets of measurements. While this work has focused on neural correlates of consciousness, it has also been proposed that information states in the brain might be linked to consciousness. This paper uses Floridi’s distinction between dedomena, data and information to state this claim (...)
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  41. Manuel García-Carpintero (forthcoming). Accommodating Presuppositions. Topoi:1-8.
    In this paper I elaborate on previous criticisms of the influential Stalnakerian account of presuppositions, pointing out that the well-known practice of informative presupposition puts heavy strain on Stalnaker’s pragmatic characterization of the phenomenon of presupposition, in particular of the triggering of presuppositions. Stalnaker has replied to previous criticisms by relying on the well-taken point that we should take into account the time at which presupposition-requirements are to be computed. In defense of a different, ‘semantic’ account of the phenomenon of (...)
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  42. Jean-Claude Gardin (forthcoming). À propos de l'“entité politique bactrienne”. Topoi.
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  43. Bart Geurts & Bob van Tiel (forthcoming). When “All the Five Circles” Are Four: New Exercises in Domain Restriction. Topoi:1-14.
    The domain of a quantifier is determined by a variety of factors, which broadly speaking fall into two types. On the one hand, the context of utterance plays a role: if the focus of attention is on a particular collection of kangaroos, for example, then “Q kangaroos” is likely to range over the individuals in that set. On the other hand, the utterance itself will help to establish the quantificational domain, inter alia through presuppositions triggered within the sentence. In this (...)
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  44. Jean-Jacques Glassner (forthcoming). „Signes d'écriture et classification: L'exemple des Ovi-Caprinés.“. Topoi.
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  45. Federico Gobbo & Marco Benini (forthcoming). What Can We Know of Computational Information? Measuring, Quantity, and Quality at Work in Programmable Artifacts. Topoi:1-10.
    This paper explores the problem of knowledge in computational informational organisms, i.e. organisms that include a computing machinery at the artifact side. Although information can be understood in many ways, from the second half of the past century information is getting more and more digitised, von Neumann machines becoming dominant. Computational information is a challenge for the act of measuring, as neither purely quantitative nor totally qualitative approaches satisfy the need to explain the interplay among the agents producing and managing (...)
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  46. David Godden (forthcoming). On the Priority of Agent-Based Argumentative Norms. Topoi:1-13.
    This paper argues against the priority of pure, virtue-based accounts of argumentative norms [VA]. Such accounts are agent-based and committed to the priority thesis: good arguments and arguing well are explained in terms of some prior notion of the virtuous arguer arguing virtuously. Two problems with the priority thesis are identified. First, the definitional problem: virtuous arguers arguing virtuously are neither sufficient nor necessary for good arguments. Second, the priority problem: the goodness of arguments is not explained virtuistically. Instead, being (...)
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  47. D. Graf (forthcoming). Arabs in Syria: Demography and Epigraphy,”. Topoi.
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  48. Paul L. Harris & Jonathan D. Lane (forthcoming). Infants Understand How Testimony Works. Topoi:1-16.
    Children learn about the world from the testimony of other people, often coming to accept what they are told about a variety of unobservable and indeed counter-intuitive phenomena. However, research on children’s learning from testimony has paid limited attention to the foundations of that capacity. We ask whether those foundations can be observed in infancy. We review evidence from two areas of research: infants’ sensitivity to the emotional expressions of other people; and their capacity to understand the exchange of information (...)
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  49. Jacqueline Hermann (forthcoming). Dom Sebastião Contra Napoleão: A Guerra Sebástica Contra as Tropas Francesas. Topoi.
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  50. Helen Hodges, Wilfrid Hodges & Johan van Benthem (forthcoming). Logic and Psychology', Guest Issue Of. Topoi.
     
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  51. Od Hoover (forthcoming). Ceci N'est Pas L'Autonomie: The Coinage of Seleucid Phoenicia as Royal and Civic Power Discourse. Topoi.
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  52. A. Houghton (forthcoming). Seleucid Coinage and Monetary Policy of the 2nd C. BC Reflections on the Monetization of the Seleucid Economy. Topoi.
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  53. Bryce Huebner (forthcoming). Do Emotions Play a Constitutive Role in Moral Cognition? Topoi:1-14.
    Recent behavioral experiments, along with imaging experiments and neuropsychological studies appear to support the hypothesis that emotions play a causal or constitutive role in moral judgment. Those who resist this hypothesis tend to suggest that affective mechanisms are better suited to play a modulatory role in moral cognition. But I argue that claims about the role of emotion in moral cognition frame the debate in ways that divert attention away from other plausible hypotheses. I suggest that the available data may (...)
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  54. Daniel D. Hutto (forthcoming). Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Topoi:1-10.
    Readers beware! This book is other than it first seems. Ludwig Wittgenstein’s latest philosophical offering is unlike anything that we have had from him to date. Its preface warns that the Tractatus is no textbook. This is an extreme understatement; really it is a deep puzzle—one that must be handled with great care. As the first lines signal there has been a radical change in the author’s characteristic style. Gone are the ingenious, probing explorations of topics undertaken in his highly (...)
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  55. Phyllis Illari & Federica Russo (forthcoming). Information Channels and Biomarkers of Disease. Topoi:1-16.
    Current research in molecular epidemiology uses biomarkers to model the different disease phases from environmental exposure, to early clinical changes, to development of disease. The hope is to get a better understanding of the causal impact of a number of pollutants and chemicals on several diseases, including cancer and allergies. In a recent paper Russo and Williamson (Med Stud, 2012) address the question of what evidential elements enter the conceptualisation and modelling stages of this type of biomarkers research. Recent research (...)
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  56. Elizabeth Irvine (forthcoming). Explaining What? Topoi:1-12.
    The Hard Problem is surrounded by a vast literature, to which it is increasingly hard to contribute to in any meaningful way. Accordingly, the strategy here is not to offer any new metaphysical or ‘in principle’ arguments in favour of the success of materialism, but to assume a Type Q approach and look to contemporary consciousness science to see how the concept of consciousness fares there, and what kind of explanations we can hope to offer of it. It is suggested (...)
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  57. Ivan V. Ivanov (forthcoming). Property-Awareness and Representation. Topoi:1-12.
    Is property-awareness constituted by representation or not? If it were, merely being aware of the qualities of physical objects would involve being in a representational state. This would have considerable implications for a prominent view of the nature of successful perceptual experiences. According to naïve realism, any such experience—or more specifically its character—is fundamentally a relation of awareness to concrete items in the environment. Naïve realists take their view to be a genuine alternative to representationalism, the view on which the (...)
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  58. Vitor Izecksohn (forthcoming). Deportação ou integração. Os dilemas negros de Lincoln1. Topoi.
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  59. Jeppe Sinding Jensen (forthcoming). How Institutions Work in Shared Intentionality and ‘We-Mode’ Social Cognition. Topoi:1-12.
    The topics of social ontology, culture, and institutions constitute a problem complex that involves a broad range of human social and cultural cognitive capacities. We-mode social cognition and shared intentionality appear to be crucial in the formation of social ontology and social institutions, which, in turn, provide the bases for the social manifestation of collective and shared psychological attitudes. Humans have ‘hybrid minds’ that inhabit cultural–cognitive ecosystems. Essentially, these consist of social institutions and distributed cognition that afford the common grounds (...)
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  60. J. A. Judge (forthcoming). Does the ‘Missing Fundamental’ Require an Inferentialist Explanation? Topoi:1-11.
    In arbitrating between representational and relational theories of perception, perceptual illusions—cases in which a subject’s perceptual experience diverges from the way the world really is—constitute an important battleground. The debate has, however, been dominated by discussions of visual perception. In attempting to extend the debate to audition, it is appropriate to start by considering what is thought to be a key case of auditory illusion. I consider the phenomenon of the ‘missing fundamental’, as well as examining a notion that is (...)
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  61. Jean Kellens (forthcoming). Les achéménides dans le contexte indo-iranien». Topoi.
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  62. Jan Koenderink (forthcoming). “Towards a New Theory of Vision” Revisited. Topoi:1-11.
    I consider the geometrical structure of the apparent visual field. Although the optics of vision is well understood, the nature of visual awareness remains largely in the dark. A famous attempt at a formal description of the apparent visual field was by Helmholtz, in the late nineteenth century. It purportedly explains the phenomenon of the subjective curvatures often reported when viewing objectively straight lines of great extent. I consider the general problem, and suggest an alternative formal account. On phenomenological grounds (...)
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  63. David Konstan (forthcoming). Emotions and Morality: The View From Classical Antiquity. Topoi:1-7.
    This paper shows the close relationship between morality and emotions, as emotions were defined and understood by classical Greek and Roman philosophers (specifically, Aristotle and the Roman Stoic Seneca). Particular attention is paid to the nature of anger, and also to the distinction between full-fledged emotions, which depend on rational judgments and which, accordingly, only human beings are capable of experiencing, and what the Stoics called “pre-emotions,” which were common to human beings and other animals.
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  64. Daniel Kostić (forthcoming). Explanatory Perspectivalism: Limiting the Scope of the Hard Problem of Consciousness. Topoi:1-7.
    I argue that the hard problem of consciousness occurs only in very limited contexts. My argument is based on the idea of explanatory perspectivalism, according to which what we want to know about a phenomenon determines the type of explanation we use to understand it. To that effect the hard problem arises only in regard to questions such as how is it that concepts of subjective experience can refer to physical properties, but not concerning questions such as what gives rise (...)
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  65. Hendrik Kraay (forthcoming). Definindo Nação E Estado: Rituais Cívicos Na Bahia Pós-Independência (1823-1850). Topoi.
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  66. Robin Law (forthcoming). A Carreira de Francisco Félix de Souza Na África Ocidental (1800-1849). Topoi.
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  67. Brian Leahy (forthcoming). On Presuppositional Implicatures. Topoi:1-9.
    Scalar implicatures arise when a speaker uses a logically weak alternative in a context where a logically stronger alternative was available. Presuppositional implicatures, as I call them, arise when a speaker uses a presuppositionally weak alternative when a presuppositionally stronger alternative was available. My goal is to give a detailed, working theory of presuppositional implicatures, and show that they are a special case of scalar implicatures. In doing so, I carefully contrast presuppositional implicatures with antipresuppositions. These two phenomena have been (...)
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  68. Lis Lindeman & Gregory O. Smith (forthcoming). Literature and Digital Illumination. Topoi.
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  69. A. López Eire (forthcoming). Retórica escrita y Epistolografía en la obra de Libanio. Topoi.
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  70. Fabrizio Macagno, Elisabeth Mayweg-Paus & Deanna Kuhn (forthcoming). Argumentation Theory in Education Studies: Coding and Improving Students’ Argumentative Strategies. Topoi:1-15.
    This paper is aimed at combining the advances in argumentation theory with the models used in the field of education to address the issue of improving students’ argumentative behavior by interacting with an expert. The concept of deeper or more sophisticated argumentative strategy is theoretically defined and used to advance two new coding schemes, based on the advances in the argumentation studies and aimed at capturing the dialectical, or structural, behavior, and the argumentative content of each dialogue unit. These coding (...)
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  71. Tina Malti & Sebastian P. Dys (forthcoming). A Developmental Perspective on Moral Emotions. Topoi:1-7.
    This article outlines a developmental approach to the study of moral emotions. Specifically, we describe our developmental model on moral emotions, one in which emotions and cognitions about morality get increasingly integrated and coordinated with development, while acknowledging inter-individual variation in developmental trajectories across the lifespan. We begin with a conceptual clarification of the concept of moral emotions. After a brief review of our own developmental approach to the study of moral emotions, we provide a selective summary of the developmental (...)
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  72. Mc Marcellesi (forthcoming). Milet et les Séleucides, aspects économiques de l'évergétisme royal. Topoi.
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  73. L. Martinez-Seye (forthcoming). La fiscalité séleucide: bilan et perspectives de recherche. Topoi.
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  74. J. Maucourant (forthcoming). Le néoinstitutionnalisme tardif et l'histoire économique. Topoi.
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  75. Tom McClelland (forthcoming). The Problem of Consciousness: Easy, Hard or Tricky? Topoi:1-14.
    Phenomenal consciousness presents a distinctive explanatory problem. Some regard this problem as ‘hard’, which has troubling implications for the science and metaphysics of consciousness. Some regard it as ‘easy’, which ignores the special explanatory difficulties that consciousness offers. Others are unable to decide between these two uncomfortable positions. All three camps assume that the problem of consciousness is either easy or hard. I argue against this disjunction and suggest that the problem may be ‘tricky’—that is, partly easy and partly hard. (...)
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  76. Leopold Migeotte (forthcoming). La situation fiscale des cités grecques dans le royaume séleucide. Topoi.
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  77. Derek N. Mueller (forthcoming). Views From a Distance: A Nephological Model of the CCCC Chairs' Addresses, 1977-2011. Topoi.
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  78. Michael Neal, Katherine Bridgman & Stephen J. McElroy (forthcoming). Making Meaning at the Intersections: Developing a Digital Archive for Multimodal Research. Topoi.
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  79. Joseph Neisser (forthcoming). What Subjectivity Is Not. Topoi:1-13.
    An influential thesis in contemporary philosophy of mind is that subjectivity is best conceived as inner awareness of qualia. (Purple Haze: The Puzzle of Consciousness. Oxford University Press, London, 2001) has argued that this unique subjective awareness generates a paradox which resists empirical explanation. On account of this “paradox of subjective duality,” Levine concludes that the hardest part of the hard problem of consciousness is to explain how anything like a subjective point of view could arise in the world. Against (...)
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  80. Radek Ocelák (forthcoming). The Myth of Unique Hues. Topoi:1-10.
    The paper examines the notion, widespread in the contemporary color science, that there are certain hues, specifically focal red, yellow, green and blue (RYGB), that are unique or privileged in human prelinguistic color perception, all other chromatic hues being perceptually composed of these. I successively consider and reject all motivations that have been provided for this opinion; namely the linguistic (unique hues as referents of necessary and sufficient color descriptors), “phenomenological” (unique hues as phenomenologically pure color experiences), and some minor (...)
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  81. Francesco Orilia (forthcoming). Identity Across Frames. Topoi.
     
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  82. Michael O’Sullivan (forthcoming). Number and Illusion: Representation and Numerosity Perception. Topoi:1-8.
    It has been claimed that empirical work in psychology requires the attribution of representational content to perceptual states: that is, the attribution of veridicality conditions to those states. This is a claim that can only be evaluated by the examination of actual empirical research. In this paper I argue that talk of ‘representation’ in at least one area of research in the psychology of perception can be reinterpreted so as to avoid the attribution of veridicality conditions. This area is the (...)
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  83. Michael Pauen (forthcoming). The Functional Mapping Hypothesis. Topoi:1-12.
    Dissociation thought experiments like Zombie and Inverted Spectrum cases play an essential role in the qualia debate. Critics have long since argued that these cases raise serious epistemic issues, undermining first person access to phenomenal states also in normal subjects. Proponents have denied this because, due to their phenomenal experience, normal subjects have epistemic abilities that Zombies don’t have. Here I will present a modified version of these thought experiments: Part-time Zombies and Part-time Inverts switch between normal and abnormal states (...)
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  84. Michele Prandi (forthcoming). Selection Restrictions as Ultimate Presuppositions of Natural Ontology. Topoi:1-9.
    The combinatory restriction known in linguistics as ‘selection restrictions’ are generally assumed to be a kind of linguistic structures, either syntactic or semantic, or at best cognitive structures. The idea discussed in this paper is that selection restrictions, although relevant for the description of complex meanings of linguistic expressions, do not belong to the structure of either language or cognition in any reasonable sense. Instead, they are criteria for conceptual consistency. They form a layer of shared presuppositions that lie at (...)
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  85. Giuseppe Primiero & Laszlo Kosolosky (forthcoming). The Semantics of Untrustworthiness. Topoi:1-14.
    We offer a formal treatment of the semantics of both complete and incomplete mistrustful or distrustful information transmissions. The semantics of such relations is analysed in view of rules that define the behaviour of a receiving agent. We justify this approach in view of human agent communications and secure system design. We further specify some properties of such relations.
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  86. Dominic Rathbone (forthcoming). Economic Rationalism and the Heroninos Archive. Topoi.
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  87. Jan Retsö (forthcoming). The Concept of Ethnicity, Nationality and the Study of Ancient History. Topoi.
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  88. William S. Robinson (forthcoming). Red is the Hardest Problem. Topoi:1-12.
    Philip Pettit has advocated a “looks as powers” theory (LAPT) as an alternative to theories that rely on instances of qualia in their account of looking red. Andy Clark has offered a similar view. If these accounts are successful, the Hard Problem (HP) is moribund. This paper asks how red (assumed to be typical of sensory qualities) comes into cases of something’s looking red to someone. A likely suggestion leads to a conundrum for LAPT: the physical complexity that it attributes (...)
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  89. Margaret Cool Root (forthcoming). Cultural Pluralisms on the Persepolis Fortification Tablets. Topoi.
     
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  90. David Rosenthal (forthcoming). René Descartes's Meditations on First Philosophy. Topoi:1-8.
    The major goal of René Descartes’s rich and penetrating recent book, Meditations on First Philosophy, is to develop a methodology for the discovery of the truth, more specifically, a methodology that accommodates the dictates of a mathematical physics for our view of physical reality. Such a methodology must accordingly deal with and seek to defuse the apparent conflict between a mathematical physics and our commonsense picture of things, a conflict that continues to pose difficult challenges. Though much in the book (...)
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  91. S. Rubinelli (forthcoming). The Ancient Argumentative Game. Topoi.
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  92. Christoph Schulz (forthcoming). An Informational Perspective on Agency Causation. Topoi:1-12.
    According to Fred Dretske’s semantic information theory, the process of becoming informed consists of two parts: the transfer of information via a channel, and the subsequent formation of a semantic structure, called ‘digitalisation’. Leaving out any one of the two parts renders the concept of becoming informed incomplete. Similarly, Peter Menzies and Huw Price’s agency-account of causation has a bipartite structure. The account posits that an event A is a cause of a distinct event B in cases where bringing about (...)
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  93. G. Sintes (forthcoming). Les paysages thasiens à l'arrivée des Pariens: Hypothèses sur les premières modifications. Topoi.
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  94. Benjamin Spector (forthcoming). Multivalent Semantics for Vagueness and Presupposition. Topoi:1-11.
    Both the phenomenon of presupposition and that of vagueness have motivated the use of one form or another of trivalent logic, in which a declarative sentence can not only receive the standard values true and false , but also a third, non-standard truth-value which is usually understood as ‘undefined’ . The goal of this paper is to propose a multivalent framework which can deal simultaneously with presupposition and vagueness, and, more specifically, capture their projection properties as well as their different (...)
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  95. Jan E. Stets (forthcoming). Understanding the Moral Person: Identity, Behavior, and Emotion. Topoi:1-12.
    In this paper, the moral person is understood through the lens of identity theory in sociological social psychology. Identity theory helps identify the internal dynamics of individuals as moral persons by apprehending their self-views’, behavior, and emotions within and across situations. When the identity process is activated, the cognitive, behavioral, and affective dimensions of individuals inter-relate through a self-regulated control system. When this control system is laced with moral meanings, we see how moral persons emerge and are maintained or challenged (...)
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  96. Katharina Stevens (forthcoming). The Virtuous Arguer: One Person, Four Roles. Topoi:1-9.
    When evaluating the arguer instead of the argument, we soon find ourselves confronted with a puzzling situation: what seems to be a virtue in one argumentative situation could very well be called a vice in another. This paper will present the idea that there are in fact two sets of virtues an arguer has to master—and with them four sometimes very different roles.
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  97. Mariarosaria Taddeo (forthcoming). Just Information Warfare. Topoi:1-12.
    In this article I propose an ethical analysis of information warfare, the warfare waged in the cyber domain. The goal is twofold: filling the theoretical vacuum surrounding this phenomenon and providing the conceptual grounding for the definition of new ethical regulations for information warfare. I argue that Just War Theory is a necessary but not sufficient instrument for considering the ethical implications of information warfare and that a suitable ethical analysis of this kind of warfare is developed when Just War (...)
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  98. Jeremy Tirrell (forthcoming). A Geographical History of Online Rhetoric and Composition Journals. Topoi.
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  99. R. J. Van der Spek (forthcoming). Palace, Temple and Market in Seleucid Babylonia. Topoi.
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  100. Victor Vitanza, Virginia Kuhn, Robert Leston, Justin Hodgson, Jason Helms, Geoffrey V. Carter, Sarah J. Arroyo & Bahareh Alaei (forthcoming). MoMLA: From Gallery to Webtext. Topoi.
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  101. Michael Vlerick (forthcoming). Explaining Universal Social Institutions: A Game-Theoretic Approach. Topoi:1-10.
    Universal social institutions, such as marriage, commons management and property, have emerged independently in radically different cultures. This requires explanation. As Boyer and Petersen point out ‘in a purely localist framework would have to constitute massively improbable coincidences’ . According to Boyer and Petersen, those institutions emerged naturally out of genetically wired behavioural dispositions, such as marriage out of mating strategies and borders out of territorial behaviour. While I agree with Boyer and Petersen that ‘unnatural’ institutions cannot thrive, this one-sided (...)
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  102. Mark Wagner & Anthony J. Gambino (forthcoming). Variations in the Anisotropy and Affine Structure of Visual Space: A Geometry of Visibles with a Third Dimension. Topoi:1-16.
    A meta-analysis and an experiment show that the degree of compression of the in-depth dimension of visual space relative to the frontal dimension increases quickly as a function of the distance between the stimulus and the observer at first, but the rate of change slows beyond 7 m from the observer, reaching an apparent asymptote of about 50 %. In addition, the compression of visual space is greater for monocular and reduced cue conditions. The pattern of compression of the in-depth (...)
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  103. Rebecca Walton (forthcoming). Bridges & Barriers to Development: Communication Modes, Media, and Devices. Topoi.
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  104. Ch E. Watanabe & D. Parayre (forthcoming). The Lion Metaphor in the Mesopotamian Royal Context. Topoi.
     
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  105. Robert Watkins (forthcoming). Words Are the Ultimate Abstraction. Topoi.
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  106. Gerald Westheimer (forthcoming). Idomenian Vision: The Empirical Basis of Thomas Reid’s Geometry of Visibles. Topoi:1-5.
    Thomas Reid claims to have learned of Idomenians, “an order of beings” in “sublunary regions” whose visual system is very much like ours except that they could detect only the direction of rays reaching their eyes, not the distance of origin. The properties of Idomenian vision are here examined in the light of the physiological optics of Reid’s time and of the scientific developments that have since augmented our knowledge of the discipline.
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  107. B. Wilkens (forthcoming). Archaeozoology. Westwards: The Fauna of Tell Afis (Syria). Topoi.
     
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  108. Thomas Williams (forthcoming). Anselm's Proslogion. Topoi:1-4.
    Up to this point, Anselm has been known for two quite different kinds of work: his devotional writings, which aim to move and inspire the reader and are marked by an ornate style that relies heavily on alliteration and antitheses and suchlike ornaments, and his Monologion, a work of what has come to be known as analytic theology, written in straightforward, unadorned, philosophical prose that aspires only to clarity and precision. In his new work, Proslogion, Anselm attempts to combine the (...)
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  109. Melanie Yergeau, Kathryn Wozniak & Peter Vandenberg (forthcoming). Expanding the Space of F2f: Writing Centers and Audio-Visual-Textual Conferencing. Topoi.
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  110. Elia Zardini (forthcoming). The Opacity of Truth. Topoi:1-18.
    The paper offers a critical examination of a prominent, “quasi-deflationist” argument advanced in the contemporary debate on the semantic paradoxes against non-naive and non-transparent theories of truth. The argument claims that truth unrestrictedly fulfils certain expressive functions, and that its so doing requires the unrestricted validity of naivety and transparency principles. The paper criticises the quasi-deflationist argument by considering some kinds of cases in which transparency and naivety arguably fail. In some such cases truth still fulfils the relevant expressive functions (...)
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