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17th/18th Century Philosophy

Edited by Brandon Look (University of Kentucky)
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  1. added 2016-08-26
    Sven Nyholm (2016). On Kant's Idea of Humanity as an End in Itself. European Journal of Philosophy 24 (2):358-374.
    Writers like Christine Korsgaard and Allen Wood understand Kant's idea of rational nature as an end in itself as a commitment to a substantive value. This makes it hard for them to explain the supposed equivalence between the universal law and humanity formulations of the categorical imperative, since the former does not appear to assert any substantive value. Nor is it easy for defenders of value-based readings to explain Kant's claim that the law-giving nature of practical reason makes all beings (...)
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  2. added 2016-08-26
    Samantha Matherne (2016). Kantian Themes in Merleau-Ponty’s Theory of Perception. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 98 (2):193-230.
    It has become typical to read Kant and Merleau-Ponty as offering competing approaches to perceptual experience. Kant is interpreted as an ‘intellectualist’ who regards perception as conceptual ‘all the way out’, while Merleau-Ponty is seen as Kant’s challenger, who argues that perception involves non-conceptual, embodied ‘coping’. In this paper, however, I argue that a closer examination of their views of perception, especially with respect to the notion of ‘schematism’, reveals a great deal of historical and philosophical continuity between them. By (...)
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  3. added 2016-08-24
    Wolfgang Ertl (2013). "Kant und die Scholastik heute". Vorüberlegungen zu einer Neueinschätzung. The Geibun-Kenkyu 105 (2):20-40.
    First, I will discuss several reasons as to why there is still almost a reluctance to reading Kant’s philosophy in the context of the scholastic tradition. The focus will be on (i) the label “revolutionary” often attached to Kant’s thought thereby suggesting a radical break with the past, especially with regard to philosophers often perceived as conservative, and (ii) the issue of confessional ramifications (not unrelated to the first point) will also be touched upon, albeit briefly. Then, two examples will (...)
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  4. added 2016-08-23
    Finnur Dellsén (forthcoming). Certainty and Explanation in Descartes' Philosophy of Science. Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    This paper presents a new approach to resolving an apparent tension in Descartes’ discussion of scientific theories and explanations in the Principles of Philosophy. On the one hand, Descartes repeatedly claims that any theories presented in science must be certain and indubitable. On the other hand, Descartes himself presents an astonishing number of speculative explanations of various scientific phenomena. In response to this tension, commentators have suggested that Descartes changed his mind about scientific theories having to be certain and indubitable, (...)
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  5. added 2016-08-23
    Robert Burton (1989). The Anatomy of Melancholy. Oxford University Press Uk.
    The Anatomy of Melancholy is one of the last great works of English prose to have remained unedited. These are the first two volumes of what will be an authoritative edition of the work, currently being prepared by scholars on both sides of the Atlantic.
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  6. added 2016-08-22
    Emma Wilkins (forthcoming). ‘Exploding’ Immaterial Substances: Margaret Cavendish’s Vitalist-Materialist Critique of Spirits. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-20.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, I explore Margaret Cavendish’s engagement with mid-seventeenth-century debates on spirits and spiritual activity in the world, especially the problems of incorporeal substance and magnetism. I argue that between 1664 and 1668, Cavendish developed an increasingly robust form of materialism in response to the deficiencies which she identified in alternative philosophical systems – principally mechanical philosophy and vitalism. This was an intriguing direction of travel, given the intensification in attacks on the supposedly atheistic materialism of Hobbes. While some (...)
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  7. added 2016-08-22
    Piotr Kozak (2015). Co to jest myślenie? Pojęcia, sądy, percepcja w perspektywie kantowskiej. Wydawnictwo Scholar.
    W Co to jest myślenie? staram się za pomocą narzędzi dostarczonych przez filozofię Kanta rozjaśnić problem związku między percepcją a pojęciami, który ujmuję pod postacią tzw. problemu kierowania się regułą. Argumentuję, po pierwsze, że możemy pod pewnym względem utożsamiać myślenie i percepcję, a sam problem kierowania się regułą oddalić jako wynik źle postawionego zagadnienia badawczego. Po drugie, wskazuję na to, że warunkiem możliwości kierowania się regułą jest umiejętność odróżniania reguł istotnych i nieistotnych. Brak tej ostatniej umiejętności Kant nazywa głupotą. -/- (...)
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  8. added 2016-08-19
    Marie Jayasekera (2016). Responsibility in Descartes’s Theory of Judgment. Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    In this paper I develop a new account of the philosophical motivations for Descartes’s theory of judgment. The theory needs explanation because the idea that judgment, or belief, is an operation of the will seems problematic at best, and Descartes does not make clear why he adopted what, at the time, was a novel view. I argue that attending to Descartes’s conception of the will as the active, free faculty of mind reveals that a general concern with responsibility motivates his (...)
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  9. added 2016-08-17
    Alfredo Ferrarin (2016). Reason in Kant and Hegel. Kant Yearbook 8 (1).
  10. added 2016-08-17
    Jovan Babić (2013, Paperback). The Structure of Peace. In Jovan Babić & Petar Bojanić (eds.), World Governance. Cambridge Scholars Publishing 202-216.
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  11. added 2016-08-16
    Dennis Schulting (forthcoming). Gap? What Gap? - On the Unity of Apperception and the Necessary Application of the Categories. In Giuseppe Motta Udo Thiel (ed.), Immanuel Kant: Die Einheit des Bewusstseins. De Gruyter
    This article is based on a presentation held at the conference "Immanuel Kant: Die Einheit des Bewusstseins", September 2014, Graz University, Austria. A much longer version of this paper appears as Chapter 4 in my forthcoming new book "Kant's Radical Subjectivism. Perspectives on the Transcendental Deduction" (Palgrave Macmillan 2017) Here's an abstract: // In some Anglophone Kant literature (Van Cleve 1999; Gomes 2010; Stephenson 2014; cf. Shaddock 2015), the problem has been raised of an alleged ‘gap’ in Kant’s argument in (...)
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  12. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe & Philippe Huneman (forthcoming). “Man-Machines and Embodiment: From Cartesian Physiology to Claude Bernard’s ‘Living Machine’”. In Justin E. H. Smith (ed.), Embodiment, Oxford Philosophical Concepts. Oxford
    A common and enduring early modern intuition is that materialists reduce organisms in general and human beings in particular to automata. Wasn’t a famous book of the time entitled L’Homme-Machine? In fact, the machine is employed as an analogy, and there was a specifically materialist form of embodiment, in which the body is not reduced to an inanimate machine, but is conceived as an affective, flesh-and-blood entity. We discuss how mechanist and vitalist models of organism exist in a more complementary (...)
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  13. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe (forthcoming). Review of Lucretius and the Early Modern. The Classical Review.
    long version of review forthcoming in much shorter version in Classical Review.
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  14. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe & Christoffer Basse Eriksen (2016). Review of S. Gaukroger, The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility. [REVIEW] Intellectual History Review 27.
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  15. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe (2016). Review of Fumie Kawamura, Diderot Et la Chimie: Science, Pensée Et Écriture. [REVIEW] H-France Reviews 16.
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  16. added 2016-08-16
    Charles T. Wolfe (2016). “The ‘Physiology of the Understanding’ and the ‘Mechanics of the Soul’: Reflections on Some Phantom Philosophical Projects”. Quaestio 16.
    In reflecting on the relation between early empiricist conceptions of the mind and more experimentally motivated materialist philosophies of mind in the mid-eighteenth century, I suggest that we take seriously the existence of what I shall call ‘phantom philosophical projects’. A canonical empiricist like Locke goes out of his way to state that their project to investigate and articulate the ‘logic of ideas’ is not a scientific project: “I shall not at present meddle with the Physical consideration of the Mind” (...)
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  17. added 2016-08-15
    Markus Kohl (forthcoming). Kant's Critique of Instrumental Reason. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    Many commentators hold that in addition to the categorical imperative of morality, Kant also posits an objective law of non-moral practical rationality, 'the' Hypothetical Imperative. On this view, the appeal to the Hypothetical Imperative increases the dialectical options that Kantians have vis-a-vis Humean skepticism about the authority of reason, and it allows for a systematic explanation of the possibility of non-moral weakness of will. I argue that despite its appeal, this interpretation cannot be sustained: for Kant the only objective, universally (...)
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  18. added 2016-08-15
    Deborah Boyle (forthcoming). The Philosophy of Mary Astell: An Early Modern Theory of Virtue, by Jacqueline Broad. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-4.
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  19. added 2016-08-15
    Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Dignity and the Phenomenology of Recognition-Respect. In J. J. Drummond & S. Rinofner-Kreidl (eds.), Emotions: Ethical and Political Significance. Routledge
    What is dignity? My starting point is that dignity is one of those philosophical primitives that admit of no informative analysis. Nonetheless, I suggest, dignity might yield to indirect illumination when we consider the kind of experience we have (or rather find it fitting to have) in its presence. This experience, I claim, is what is sometimes known as recognition-respect. Through an examination of a neglected aspect of the phenomenology of recognition-respect suggests, I argue that the possession of inner consciousness (...)
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  20. added 2016-08-15
    William Uzgalis (2016). John Toland's Letters to Serena Ed. By Ian Leask. Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (3):506-506.
    Ian Leask’s new edition of John Toland’s Letters to Serena, last published in 1704, has all the marks of a fine new edition of an early eighteenth-century book—it has an index, timeline, all of Toland’s notes, along with editor’s notes explaining many of the obscure names to be found in the letters; and it has a first-rate introduction in which Leask nicely explains the letters and what he takes Toland to be doing. John Toland’s intentions and influences are a matter (...)
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  21. added 2016-08-15
    Oswaldo Plata Pineda (2016). La interpretación de Jean Hampton del conflicto en el estado de naturaleza de Thomas Hobbes. Escritos 24 (52):21-36.
    Commentators of Hobbes’ Political Theory are divided between those who argue that the state of nature is caused by competition and distrust and those who affirm that it is caused by the fight for glory. In his work Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition, Jean Hampton analyzes the arguments presented in favor of both accounts, and proposes –against the aforementioned accounts– that conflict in the state of nature is the result of an error in reasoning that leads men to undervalue (...)
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  22. added 2016-08-15
    Sarah Hutton (2016). The Philosophy of Mary Astell by Jacqueline Broad. Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (3):504-505.
    The study of female philosophers of the past has come a long way in the last two decades. Until relatively recently, special pleading was required in order to make the case that there were any women philosophers and that they deserved to be taken seriously. Since then the picture has changed radically. Not only are the philosophical credentials of women philosophers better known, but many more women have been recognized as philosophers. It is increasingly taken for granted that philosophers today (...)
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  23. added 2016-08-15
    Christopher Scott McClure (2016). Hobbes and the Artifice of Eternity. Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes argues that the fear of violent death is the most reliable passion on which to found political society. His role in shaping the contemporary view of religion and honor in the West is pivotal, yet his ideas are famously riddled with contradictions. In this breakthrough study, McClure finds evidence that Hobbes' apparent inconsistencies are intentional, part of a sophisticated rhetorical strategy meant to make man more afraid of death than he naturally is. Hobbes subtly undermined two of the (...)
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  24. added 2016-08-12
    Hanoch Ben-Pazi (2014). "Poverty in Rabbinic Midrash", A Poor People of God for the Poor in the World? In Achim Buckenmaier Ludwig Weimer (ed.), 4. "Poverty in Rabbinic Midrash", A Poor People of God for the Poor in the World?, Achim Buckenmaier and Ludwig Weimer (eds.), Rome: Latern University Press 2014, pp. 33 - 58. Latern University Press pp. 33 - 58.
    This study attempts to provide access to the thinking about poverty and the poor reflected in classic rabbinic literature, focusing on a single passage in Leviticus Rabbah that addresses the verse (Lev. 25:25) beginning “should your brother come to ruin.” This passage affords us an opportunity to take a penetrating look into the meaning of poverty, and into its theological and metaphysical contexts, which lie beyond the social and economic issue of poverty. Rabbinic literature comes to us in a variety (...)
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  25. added 2016-08-11
    Marian Hillar (2013). Friedrich Nietzsche: Social Origin of Morals, Christian Ethics, and Implications for Atheism in His the Genealogy of Morals. Essays in the Philosophy of Humanism 16 (1):71-96.
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  26. added 2016-08-10
    Robert R. Clewis (2016). Kant’s Natural Teleology? The Case of Physical Geography. Kant-Studien 107 (2):314-342.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 107 Heft: 2 Seiten: 314-342.
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  27. added 2016-08-10
    Georg Cavallar (2016). Kate A. Moran: Community and Progress in Kant’s Moral Philosophy. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 2012. 264 Pp. ISBN 978-0-8132-1952-3. [REVIEW] Kant-Studien 107 (2).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 107 Heft: 2 Seiten: 408-411.
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  28. added 2016-08-10
    Lauchlan Chipman (1972). Kant’s Categories and Their Schematism. Kant-Studien 63 (1-4).
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  29. added 2016-08-09
    Jill Vance Buroker (2016). Lucy Allais, Manifest Reality: Kant’s Idealism and His Realism Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015 Pp. Xii + 329 9780198747130 £40.00. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 21 (2):313-318.
  30. added 2016-08-08
    Giuliano Mori (2016). Democritus Junior as Reader of Auctoritates: Robert Burton’s Method and The Anatomy of Melancholy. Journal of the History of Ideas 77 (3):379-399.
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  31. added 2016-08-08
    Cornelis J. Schilt (2015). Jamie C. Kassler, Seeking Truth: Roger North's Notes on Newton and Correspondence with Samuel Clarke C.1704–1713. Farnham: Ashgate, 2014. Pp. Xii + 374. ISBN 978-1-4094-4921-8. £80.00. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 48 (4):691-693.
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  32. added 2016-08-08
    Alexander Bird (2003). Cees Leijenhorst.The Mechanisation of Aristotelianism: The Late Aristotelian Setting of Thomas Hobbes’ Natural Philosophy. Xvi+242 Pp., Bibl., Index. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2002. $97, €83. [REVIEW] Isis 94 (4):725-726.
  33. added 2016-08-08
    Steven Shapin (1981). Of Gods and Kings: Natural Philosophy and Politics in the Leibniz-Clarke Disputes. Isis 72 (2):187-215.
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  34. added 2016-08-08
    Alexandre Koyre & I. Bernard Cohen (1961). The Case of the Missing Tanquam: Leibniz, Newton & Clarke. Isis 52 (4):555-566.
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  35. added 2016-08-07
    Elise Frketich (2016). Reinhold’s Elementarphilosophie: A Scholastic or Critical Philosophical System? Kant Yearbook 8 (1).
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  36. added 2016-08-07
    Lara Ostaric (2016). Creating the Absolute: Kant’s Conception of Genial Creation in Schlegel, Novalis and Schelling. Kant Yearbook 8 (1).
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  37. added 2016-08-07
    Stephen Houlgate (2016). Hegel, Kant and the Antinomies of Pure Reason. Kant Yearbook 8 (1).
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  38. added 2016-08-07
    Eric Watkins (2016). The Unconditioned and the Absolute in Kant and Early German Romanticism. Kant Yearbook 8 (1).
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  39. added 2016-08-06
    Robert Clewis (2015). “The Place of the Sublime in Kant’s Project”. Studi Kantiani 28:63-82.
    I emphasize the harmony between the sublime and the underlying concept of the purposiveness of nature, i.e. that the sublime is purposive through its initial contrapurposiveness. One favorable outcome of this reading is that it locates further unity in the Critique of Judgment, e.g. it helps make sense of why, besides historical reasons, Kant may have turned to the sublime in the first place in the “Critique of the Aesthetic Power of Judgment” (Part One of the CJ). I question some (...)
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  40. added 2016-08-05
    Dennis Schulting (forthcoming). Review of Lucy Allais Manifest Realism. Kant's Idealism and His Realism. [REVIEW] Studi Kantiani 30.
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  41. added 2016-08-05
    Dennis Schulting (forthcoming). Review of Gordon Michalson Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. [REVIEW] Kant Studies Online 2016.
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  42. added 2016-08-05
    Dennis Schulting (forthcoming). Analytic of Teleological Judgment. In Sorin Baiasu & Mark Timmons (eds.), The Kantian Mind. Routledge
  43. added 2016-08-05
    Dennis Schulting (forthcoming). Kant's Critical Ethico-Theology in the Lectures. In Courtney Fugate (ed.), Kant's Lectures on Metaphysics: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press
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  44. added 2016-08-05
    Stephen Puryear (2016). Leibniz on the Nature of Phenomena. In Wenchao Li (ed.), "Für Unser Glück oder das Glück Anderer": Vortrage des X. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. Georg Olms 5:169-77.
    Leibniz holds that bodies are phenomena, and that phenomena have their being in perceiving substances. After summarizing the evidence for ascribing this mentalistic conception of phenomenon to Leibniz, I argue that this conception coheres with three of his other doctrines of body: (1) that bodies presuppose unities or simple substances; (2) that bodies are aggregates of such substances; and (3) that bodies derive or borrow their reality from their simple constituents.
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  45. added 2016-08-05
    Stephen Puryear (2016). Thought, Color, and Intelligibility in the New Essays. In Wenchao Li (ed.), "Für Unser Glück oder das Glück Anderer": Vortrage des X. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. Georg Olms 5:49-57.
    I argue that Leibniz's rejection of the hypothesis of thinking matter on grounds of unintelligibility conflicts with his position on sensible qualities such as color. In the former case, he argues that thought must be a modification of something immaterial because we cannot explain thought in mechanical terms. In the latter case, however, he (rightly) grants that we cannot explain sensible qualities in mechanical terms, that is, cannot explain why a certain complex mechanical quality gives rise to the appearance of (...)
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  46. added 2016-08-04
    Stephen Puryear (2016). Evil as Privation and Leibniz's Rejection of Empty Space. In Wenchao Li (ed.), "Für Unser Glück oder das Glück Anderer": Vortrage des X. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses. Georg Olms 3:481-89.
    I argue that Leibniz's treatment of void or empty space in the appendix to his fourth letter to Clarke conflicts with the way he elsewhere treats (metaphysical) evil, insofar as he allows that God has created a world with the one kind of privation (evil), while insisting that God would not have created a world with the other kind of privation (void). I consider three respects in which the moral case might be thought to differ relevantly from the physical one, (...)
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  47. added 2016-08-04
    Toby Rollo (2016). Feral Children: Settler Colonialism, Progress, and the Figure of the Child. Settler Colonial Studies 6.
    Settler colonialism is structured in part according to the principle of civilizational progress yet the roots of this doctrine are not well understood. Disparate ideas of progress and practices related to colonial dispossession and domination can be traced back to the Enlightenment, and as far back as ancient Greece, but there remain unexplored logics and continuities. I argue that civilizational progress and settler colonialism are structured according to the opposition between politics governed by reason or faith and the figure of (...)
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  48. added 2016-08-04
    Bernd Ludwig (2016). Gibt Es Spirituelle Voraussetzungen Säkularer Politik? Thomas Hobbes Über Das „Common-Wealth Ecclesiasticall and Civill“. In Katja Stoppenbrink & Dietmar Heidemann (eds.), Join, or Die – Philosophical Foundations of Federalism. De Gruyter 25-40.
  49. added 2016-08-04
    Jordi Morillas Esteban (2014). TOLAND, John: An Account of the Courts of Prussia and Hanover; Sent to a Minister of State in Holland , The Manuscript Publisher, Dublin, 2013. Daimon: Revista de Filosofia 62.
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  50. added 2016-08-04
    Ofer Gal (2004). Jim Bennett; Michael Cooper; Michael Hunter; Lisa Jardine.London’s Leonardo: The Life and Work of Robert Hooke. 224 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. $35. [REVIEW] Isis 95 (4):700-701.
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