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17th/18th Century Philosophy

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  1. added 2014-12-17
    Peter R. Anstey & Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Early Modern Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell.
    In the mid-seventeenth century a movement of self-styled experimental philosophers emerged in Britain. Originating in the discipline of natural philosophy amongst Fellows of the fledgling Royal Society of London, it soon spread to medicine and by the eighteenth century had impacted moral and political philosophy and even aesthetics. Early modern experimental philosophers gave epistemic priority to observation and experiment over theorising and speculation. They decried the use of hypotheses and system-building without recourse to experiment and, in some quarters, developed a (...)
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  2. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1992). Das Programm ästhetischer Erziehung bei Schiller und beim frühen Nietzsche. Vierteljahrsschrift Für Wissenschaftliche Pädagogik 68 (3):260-284.
  3. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1991). A morál költségei – Kant nyomán számolva. Magyar Filozofiai Szemle (4-5):678-708.
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  4. added 2014-12-17
    Andreas Dorschel (1990). Die Kosten der Moral. Nachgerechnet an Kant. Concordia 18:2-25.
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  5. added 2014-12-16
    Patrick J. Connolly (forthcoming). Locke and Wilkins on Inner Sense and Volition. Locke Studies.
    The purpose of this paper is to elucidate two interesting parallels between views discussed in John Wilkins’ Of the Principles and Duties of Natural Religion and positions developed by John Locke in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding. The first parallel pertains to a faculty of inner sense. Both authors carve out a central role for this introspective perceptual modality. The second parallel pertains to volition and free will. Both authors employ an investigative methodology which privileges first-personal experiences of choosing and (...)
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  6. added 2014-12-16
    Patrick J. Connolly (forthcoming). Locke and the Laws of Nature. Philosophical Studies.
    Many commentators have argued that Locke understood laws of nature as causally efficacious. On this view the laws are causally responsible for the production of natural phenomena. This paper argues that this interpretation faces serious difficulties. First, I argue that it will be very difficult to specify the ontological status of these laws. Proponents of the view suggest that these laws are divine volitions. But I argue that this will be difficult or impossible to square with Locke’s nominalism. Second, I (...)
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  7. added 2014-12-16
    John J. Tilley (forthcoming). John Clarke of Hull's Argument for Psychological Egoism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-21.
    John Clarke of Hull, one of the eighteenth century's staunchest proponents of psychological egoism, defended that theory in his Foundation of Morality in Theory and Practice. He did so mainly by opposing the objections to egoism in the first two editions of Francis Hutcheson's Inquiry into Virtue. But Clarke also produced a challenging, direct argument for egoism which, regrettably, has received virtually no scholarly attention. In this paper I give it some of the attention it merits. In addition to reconstructing (...)
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  8. added 2014-12-16
    Dominic Scott (1990). Recollection and Cambridge Platonism. Hermathena 149:73-97.
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  9. added 2014-12-16
    Dominic Scott, Reason, Recollection and the Cambridge Platonists.
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  10. added 2014-12-15
    Jeremy Heis (forthcoming). Kant on Real Definitions in Geometry. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-26.
    This paper gives a contextualized reading of Kant's theory of real definitions in geometry. Though Leibniz, Wolff, Lambert and Kant all believe that definitions in geometry must be ‘real’, they disagree about what a real definition is. These disagreements are made vivid by looking at two of Euclid's definitions. I argue that Kant accepted Euclid's definition of circle and rejected his definition of parallel lines because his conception of mathematics placed uniquely stringent requirements on real definitions in geometry. Leibniz, Wolff (...)
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  11. added 2014-12-15
    Katherine Dunlop (forthcoming). Arbitrary Combination and the Use of Signs in Mathematics: Kant's 1763 Prize Essay and its Wolffian Background. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-28.
    In his 1763 Prize Essay, Kant is thought to endorse a version of formalism on which mathematical concepts need not apply to extramental objects. Against this reading, I argue that the Prize Essay has sufficient resources to explain how the objective reference of mathematical concepts is secured. This account of mathematical concepts’ objective reference employs material from Wolffian philosophy. On my reading, Kant's 1763 view still falls short of his Critical view in that it does not explain the universal, unconditional (...)
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  12. added 2014-12-15
    Thomas Land (forthcoming). Spatial Representation, Magnitude and the Two Stems of Cognition. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-27.
    The aim of this paper is to show that attention to Kant's philosophy of mathematics sheds light on the doctrine that there are two stems of the cognitive capacity, which are distinct, but equally necessary for cognition. Specifically, I argue for the following four claims: The distinctive structure of outer sensible intuitions must be understood in terms of the concept of magnitude. The act of sensibly representing a magnitude involves a special act of spontaneity Kant ascribes to a capacity he (...)
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  13. added 2014-12-15
    Courtney David Fugate (forthcoming). ‘With a Philosophical Eye’: The Role of Mathematical Beauty in Kant's Intellectual Development. Canadian Journal of Philosophy:1-30.
    This paper shows that Kant's investigation into mathematical purposiveness was central to the development of his understanding of synthetic a priori knowledge. Specifically, it provides a clear historical explanation as to why Kant points to mathematics as an exemplary case of the synthetic a priori, argues that his early analysis of mathematical purposiveness provides a clue to the metaphysical context and motives from which his understanding of synthetic a-priori knowledge emerged, and provides an analysis of the underlying structure of mathematical (...)
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  14. added 2014-12-15
    Silvia De Bianchi & J. D. Wells (2015). Explanation and the Dimensionality of Space. Synthese 192 (1):287-303.
    The question of the dimensionality of space has informed the development of physics since the beginning of the twentieth century in the quest for a unified picture of quantum processes and gravitation. Scientists have worked within various approaches to explain why the universe appears to have a certain number of spatial dimensions. The question of why space has three dimensions has a genuinely philosophical nature that can be shaped as a problem of justifying a contingent necessity of the world. In (...)
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  15. added 2014-12-15
    Chris Onof, The Cost of Discarding Intuition: Russell's Paradox as Kantian Antinomy.
    Book synopsis: Held every five years under the auspices of the Kant-Gesellschaft, the International Kant Congress is the world’s largest philosophy conference devoted to the work and legacy of a single thinker. The five-volume set Kant and Philosophy in a Cosmopolitan Sense contains the proceedings of the Eleventh International Kant Congress, which took place in Pisa in 2010. The proceedings consist of 25 plenary talks and 341 papers selected by a team of international referees from over 700 submissions. The contributions (...)
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  16. added 2014-12-15
    Chris Onof (2012). A Priori. In Gary Banham, Dennis Shulting & Nigel Herns (eds.), Continuum Companion to Kant. Continuum Press.
    Book synopsis: Immanuel Kant is widely considered to be the most important and influential thinker of modern Europe and the late Enlightenment. His philosophy is extraordinarily wide-ranging and his influence has been pervasive throughout eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth-century thought, in particular in the work of the German Idealists, and also in both Analytic and Continental philosophy today. This comprehensive and accessible companion to Kant's historical and philosophical context, philosophical concerns, major works and enduring influence features more than 100 specially commissioned (...)
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  17. added 2014-12-15
    Chris Onof, Thinking the in-Itself and its Relation to Appearances.
    Book synopsis: This key collection of essays sheds new light on long-debated controversies surrounding Kant’s doctrine of idealism and is the first book in the English language that is exclusively dedicated to the subject. Well-known Kantians Karl Ameriks and Manfred Baum present their considered views on this most topical aspect of Kant's thought. Several essays by acclaimed Kant scholars broach a vastly neglected problem in discussions of Kant's idealism, namely the relation between his conception of logic and idealism: The standard (...)
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  18. added 2014-12-14
    Andreas Dorschel (2012). Der Getäuschte im Garten. La Nouvelle Héloïse: Rousseaus Aporetik der Liebe. Zeitschrift Für Ideengeschichte 6 (2).
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  19. added 2014-12-14
    Andreas Dorschel (2012). The Idea of Order: Enlightened Revisions. Archiv für Rechts-Und Sozialphilosophie 98 (2).
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  20. added 2014-12-14
    Andreas Dorschel (2010). Der allgemeine Wille. Zu Rousseaus Contrat social (1762). Zeitschrift Für Didaktik der Philosophie Und Ethik 32 (1):31-33.
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  21. added 2014-12-14
    Andreas Dorschel (1992). Die idealistische Kritik des Willens: Versuch über die Theorie der praktischen Subjektivität bei Kant und Hegel. Meiner.
    In Die idealistische Kritik des Willens [German Idealism’s Critique of the Will] Dorschel defends an understanding of freedom as choice against Immanuel Kant’s and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s ethical animadversions. He objects both to Kant’s claim that „a free will and a will under moral laws are one and the same thing“ („ein freier Wille und ein Wille unter sittlichen Gesetzen einerlei“) (Immanuel Kant, Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten AB 98) and to Hegel’s doctrine that „freedom of the will is (...)
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  22. added 2014-12-09
    Francesca Brencio (2013). Sul gusto e sul giudizio di gusto. In M. Marchi & G. Di Renzo (eds.), Le declinazioni del gusto. Aracne.
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  23. added 2014-12-09
    Theodor Ebert (1987). Entelechie und Monade. Bemerkungen zum Gebrauch eines aristotelischen Begriffs bei Leibniz. In J. Wiesner (ed.), Aristoteles--Werk und Wirkung (Festschrift Moraux). vol. II. de Gruyter. 560-583.
    In this paper I argue that Leibniz' (L.) concept of entelechy, though L. himself believes to have derived it directly from Aristotle, does not correspond exactly to the Aristotelian concept. The main difference between the Aristotelian and the Leibnizian concept may be explained as follows: Whereas Aristotle uses "entelecheia" to designate a property possessed by living organisms, L. takes it to be a generic term for souls and other monads. It is further argued that Aristotle's somewhat intricate argument in De (...)
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  24. added 2014-12-08
    Jessica Gordon-Roth & Nancy Kendrick (forthcoming). Including Early Modern Women Writers in Survey Courses: A Call to Action. Metaphilosophy 46 (3).
    There are many reasons to include texts written by women in early modern philosophy courses. The most obvious one is accuracy: Women helped to shape the philosophical landscape of the time. Thus to craft a syllabus that wholly excludes women is to give students an inaccurate picture of the early modern period. Since it seems safe to assume that we all aim for accuracy, this should be reason enough to include women writers in our courses. We nonetheless offer an additional (...)
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  25. added 2014-12-08
    Marina Folescu (forthcoming). Perceiving Bodies Immediately: Thomas Reid's Insight. History of Philosophy Quarterly 32 (1).
    In An Inquiry into the Human Mind and in Essays on Intellectual Powers, Thomas Reid discusses what kinds of things perceivers are related to in perception. Are these things qualities of bodies, the bodies themselves, or both? This question places him in a long tradition of philosophers concerned with understanding how human perception works in connecting us with the external world. It is still an open question in the philosophy of perception whether the human perceptual system is providing us with (...)
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  26. added 2014-12-08
    C. Coker (2014). War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present. Common Knowledge 20 (3):500-500.
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  27. added 2014-12-08
    Eva-Maria Engelen (2005). Descartes. Reclam.
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  28. added 2014-12-07
    Bryan Lueck (forthcoming). Contempt and Moral Subjectivity in Kantian Ethics. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie.
    I argue in this paper that Immanuel Kant's account of the moral wrongness of contempt in the Metaphysics of Morals provides important resources for our understanding of the nature of moral subjectivity. Although Kant typically emphasizes the subject's position as autonomous addressor of the moral law, his remarks on contempt bring into relief a dynamic relationship at the heart of practical subjectivity between the addressor and addressee positions. After tracing the development of reflection concerning the addressor and addressee positions in (...)
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  29. added 2014-12-06
    Theodor Ebert (2004). Gesammelte Aufsätze, vol. II: Zur Philosophie und ihrer Geschichte. Mentis.
    This is a collection of papers already published (spanning the years from 1976 to 2002) covering mostly the history of philosophy, with the exception of Aristotle (papers on Aristotle are contained in vol. I). The bulk of the papers (eight) are on Plato (on the Meno, Phaedo, Republic and Sophist), two concern the Presocratics, one paper discusses the theory of sign with the Stoics, five are on modern philosophy (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz and Kant). Two papers are in English, the rest (...)
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  30. added 2014-12-03
    Konstantin Pollok (2014). ‘The Understanding Prescribes Laws to Nature’: Spontaneity, Legislation, and Kant’s Transcendental Hylomorphism. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 509-530.
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  31. added 2014-12-02
    Susan James, Are Moral Rights Natural or Artificial? Hobbes and Spinoza.
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  32. added 2014-12-02
    Susan James, Wollstonecraft on Rights.
    Event synopsis: The Society for Women in Philosophy, Ireland, in conjunction with UK Society for Women in Philosophy, are hosting their first joint conference. The conference aims to explore the broad theme of Politics and Women across philosophical traditions. 2012 marks the 90th anniversary of full women's suffrage in Ireland when all women over 21 were given the right to vote. Even so only around 15% of Irish politicians are women. In recognition of the continuing disparity between the promise of (...)
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  33. added 2014-12-02
    Susan James, Wollstonecraft and Rights.
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  34. added 2014-12-01
    George Couvalis (2013-14). Hume's Lucianic Thanatotherapy. Modern Greek Studies (Australia and New Zealand) 16 (B):327-344.
    The eighteenth century philosopher David Hume was much influenced by Greek philosophy and literature. His favourite writer was the satirist Lucian. What is David Hume’s thanatotherapy (therapy of the fear of death)? Is he an Epicurean or Pyrrhonian thanatotherapist? I argue that, while he is in part an Epicurean who is sceptical about his Epicureanism, he is primarily a Lucianic thanatotherapist. A Lucianic thanatotherapist uses self and other deprecating irony as a form of therapy. He also ruthlessly satirises religious consolations. (...)
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  35. added 2014-11-29
    Soo Bae Kim (2014). Übersetzung von Kants Werken ins Koreanische. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 641-641.
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  36. added 2014-11-29
    Eric Watkins (2014). What is, for Kant, a Law of Nature? Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 471-490.
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  37. added 2014-11-29
    Michael Friedman (2014). Laws of Nature and Causal Necessity. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 531-553.
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  38. added 2014-11-29
    Benjamin J. B. Lipscomb (2014). Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem by Christopher J. Insole. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):850-851.
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  39. added 2014-11-29
    Peter McLaughlin (2014). Transcendental Presuppositions and Ideas of Reason. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 554-572.
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  40. added 2014-11-29
    Michela Massimi (2014). Preface. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 469-470.
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  41. added 2014-11-29
    Piero Giordanetti (2014). Kant as a Poetic Philosopher. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 642-642.
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  42. added 2014-11-29
    Margit Ruffing (2014). Kant-Bibliographie 2012. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 598-639.
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  43. added 2014-11-29
    Christopher Insole (2014). Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary by James J. DiCenso. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):849-850.
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  44. added 2014-11-29
    Michela Massimi (2014). Prescribing Laws to Nature. Part I. Newton, the Pre-Critical Kant, and Three Problems About the Lawfulness of Nature. Kant-Studien 105 (4).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 105 Heft: 4 Seiten: 491-508.
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  45. added 2014-11-26
    Sebastian Gardner (2014). Method and Metaphysics in the Philosophy of Art. Estetika: The Central European Journal of Aesthetics 51 (New Series: 7) (2):230-253.
    This article is concerned with the question of the proper place of substantial general metaphysics in aesthetics and the philosophy of art. For reasons articulated in writings from the 1950s, analytic aesthetics denies that there is any relation of dependence and regards the intrusion of metaphysics into reflection on art as not merely superfluous but also methodologically inappropriate. Against this I argue that analytic aesthetics in its circumscription of the bounds of the discipline is not metaphysically neutral, that it is (...)
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  46. added 2014-11-24
    Stewart Duncan, Minds Everywhere: Margaret Cavendish’s Anti-Mechanist Materialism.
    This paper considers Margaret Cavendish's distinctive anti-mechanist materialism, focusing on her 1664 Philosophical Letters, in which she discusses the views of Hobbes, Descartes, and More, among others. The paper examines Cavendish's views about natural, material souls: the soul of nature, the souls of finite individuals, and the relation between them. After briefly digressing to look at Cavendish's views about divine, supernatural souls, the paper then turns to the reasons for Cavendish's disagreement with mechanist accounts. There are disagreements over the explanation (...)
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  47. added 2014-11-24
    Galen Strawson (2014). The Secret Connexion: Causation, Realism, and David Hume: Revised Edition. Oup Oxford.
    In this revised edition of The Secret Connexion, Galen Strawson explores one of the most discussed subjects in philosophy: David Hume's work on causation. He argues that Hume believes in causal influence, but insists that we cannot know its nature. The regularity theory of causation is indefensible, and Hume never adopted it in any case.
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  48. added 2014-11-20
    Jeffrey White, Autonomous Reboot: The Challenges of Artificial Moral Agency and the Ends of Machine Ethics.
    Ryan Tonkens (2009) has issued a seemingly impossible challenge, to articulate a comprehensive ethical framework within which artificial moral agents (AMAs) satisfy a Kantian inspired recipe - both "rational" and "free" - while also satisfying perceived prerogatives of Machine Ethics to create AMAs that are perfectly, not merely reliably, ethical. Challenges for machine ethicists have also been presented by Anthony Beavers and Wendell Wallach, who have pushed for the reinvention of traditional ethics in order to avoid "ethical nihilism" due to (...)
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  49. added 2014-11-19
    Giovanni B. Grandi (2014). Hume and Reid on Political Economy. Eighteenth-Century Thought 5.
    While Hume had a favorable opinion of the new commercial society, Reid envisioned a utopian system that would eliminate private property and substitute the profit incentive with a system of state-conferred honors. Reid’s predilection for a centralized command economy cannot be explained by his alleged discovery of market failures, and has to be considered in the context of his moral psychology. Hume tried to explain how the desire for gain that motivates the merchant leads to industry and frugality. These, in (...)
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  50. added 2014-11-19
    Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (1995). Review of David Fate Norton (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hume. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 104:275-77.
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