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17th/18th Century Philosophy

Edited by Brandon Look (University of Kentucky)
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  1. added 2015-07-02
    Brian Embry (2015). Truth and Truthmakers in Early Modern Scholasticism. Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (2):196-216.
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  2. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh & Eric Stencil (forthcoming). Malebranche on the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Particular Volitions. Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    In this paper, we consider the metaphysics and epistemology of God's particular volitions in Malebranche's philosophy. We focus, in particular, on three candidates of instances of divine particular volitions: creation, original sin, and the Incarnation. We argue that only with an understanding of both the nature of particular volitions and the conditions under which it is possible to have knowledge about the kinds of volitions by which God acts can we appreciate the intersection among the three central features of Malebranche's (...)
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  3. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh (forthcoming). Confusing Faith and Reason? Malebranche and Academic Scepticism. In P. J. Smith & S. Charles (eds.), Academic Scepticism and Early Modern Philosophy. Springer.
    When we consider early modern philosophers who engage with sceptical arguments, Nicolas Malebranche is not usually among the first names to come to mind. But, while Malebranche does not spend much time with this topic, the way in which he responds to it when he does is nevertheless valuable. This is because his response underlines the central role of a particular principle in his system: the utter dependence of all created things on God. In this paper, I argue that the (...)
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  4. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh (forthcoming). Malebranche, Freedom, and the Divided Mind. In P. Easton (ed.), Gods and Giants in Early Modern Philosophy. Brill.
    In this paper I argue that according to Malebranche mental attention is the corrective to epistemic error and moral lapse and constitutes the essence of human freedom. Moreover, I show how this conception of human freedom is both morally significant and compatible with occasionalism. By attending to four distinctions made by Malebranche throughout his writings we can begin to understand first, what it means for human beings to exercise their freedom in a way that has some meaningful consequence, and second, (...)
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  5. added 2015-06-30
    Jennifer K. Dobe (2015). Jennifer McMahon, Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant’s Pragmatist Legacy New York: Routledge, 2013 Pp. 250 ISBN 9780415504522 $125.00. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 20 (2):336-341.
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  6. added 2015-06-30
    Claudia Blöser (2015). Degrees of Responsibility in Kant’s Practical Philosophy. Kantian Review 20 (2):183-209.
    It has been argued that Kants actions. However, it would be uncompromising to allow for only two possibilities: either full responsibility or none. Moreover, in the Metaphysics of Morals Kant himself claims that there can be degrees of responsibility, depending on the magnitude of the obstacles that have to be overcome when acting. I will show that this claim is consistent with Kant’s theory as a whole and thereby make transparent how degrees of responsibility are possible for Kant. The solution (...)
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  7. added 2015-06-30
    Jeanine Grenberg (2015). Response to Ware and Moyar. Kantian Review 20 (2):313-330.
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  8. added 2015-06-30
    Owen Ware (2015). Accessing the Moral Law Through Feeling. Kantian Review 20 (2):301-311.
    In this article I offer a critical commentary on Jeanine Grenbergs validity through the feeling of respect. The issue turns on how we understand Kantfact of reason’. Grenberg argues that all facts must be forced, and anything forced must be felt. I defend an alternative interpretation, according to which the fact of reason refers to the actuality of our moral consciousness.
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  9. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh (2015). Espace Et Métaphysique de Gassendi À Kant: Anthologie. [REVIEW] Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 2:246-248.
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  10. added 2015-06-30
    Paul Gorner (2015). Thomas Nenon , Kant, Kantianism, and Idealism: The Origins of Continental Philosophy Durham: Acumen, 2010 Pp. Xv+345 ISBN 97811844656097 £24.99; 9781844652112. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 20 (2):331-336.
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  11. added 2015-06-30
    Stephen R. Palmquist (2015). What is Kantian Gesinnung ? On the Priority of Volition Over Metaphysics and Psychology in Religion Within the Bounds of Bare Reason. Kantian Review 20 (2):235-264.
    Kants theories of both general moral decision-making and specifically religious conversion. It is argued that Kantian Gesinnung is volitional, referring to a personconvictionberzeugung (). This is confirmed by a detailed analysis of the 169 occurrences of Gesinnung and cognate words in Religion. It contrasts with what is suggested by translating Gesinnung as , which reinforces a tendency to interpret the notion more metaphysically, and also with Pluharattitude’, which has too strongly psychological connotations.
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  12. added 2015-06-30
    Jochen Bojanowski (2015). Categories of Freedom as Categories of Practical Cognition. Kantian Review 20 (2):211-234.
    Kant famously claims that the table of the categories of freedom does not require explanation, . Kant interpreters have been baffled by this claim, and the disagreement among the increasing number of studies in more recent years suggests that the table is not as straightforward as Kant took it to be. In this article I want to show that a coherent interpretation of the table depends essentially on a clarification of what have been taken to be three fundamental ambiguities in (...)
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  13. added 2015-06-30
    Dean Moyar (2015). The First Person and the Moral Law. Kantian Review 20 (2):289-300.
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  14. added 2015-06-30
    Robert Gressis (2015). Lawrence Pasternack, Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason London: Routledge, 2014 Pp. Xv+272 ISBN 9780415507844 £75.00. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 20 (2):341-345.
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  15. added 2015-06-30
    Justin B. Shaddock (2015). Kant’s Transcendental Idealism and His Transcendental Deduction. Kantian Review 20 (2):265-288.
    I argue for a novel, non-subjectivist interpretation of Kant’s transcendental idealism. Kant’s idealism is often interpreted as specifying how we must experience objects or how objects must appear to us. I argue to the contrary by appealing to Kant’s Transcendental Deduction. Kant’s Deduction is the proof that the categories are not merely subjectively necessary conditions we need for our cognition, but objectively valid conditions necessary for objects to be appearances. My interpretation centres on two claims. First, Kant’s method of self-knowledge (...)
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  16. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh (2014). Locke on the Power to Suspend. Locke Studies 14:121-157.
    My aim in this paper is to determine how Locke understands suspension and the role it plays in his view of human liberty. To this end I, 1) discuss the deficiencies of the first edition version of ‘Of Power’ and why Locke needed to include the ability to suspend in the second edition, then 2) analyze Locke’s definitions of the power to suspend with a focus on his use of the terms ‘source’, ‘hinge’, and ‘inlet’ to describe the power. I (...)
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  17. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh, Locke's Ethics. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  18. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh (2014). The Divine Order, the Human Order, and the Order of Nature: Historical Perspectives. [REVIEW] Faith and Philosophy 31:486-490.
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  19. added 2015-06-30
    Julie Walsh (2013). Nicolas Malebranche. In H. LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  20. added 2015-06-28
    Lori J. Underwood (2003). Kant's Correspondence Theory of Truth. Lang.
    In his three Critiques, Immanuel Kant provides a system of philosophy that encompasses ethics, aesthetics, metaphysics, and epistemology. As Kant’s is a seemingly complete system, one may reasonably infer that it contains an account of the nature of truth. However, Kant’s elliptical remarks on the subject make it difficult to specify the precise nature of his account. This book considers explanations by a number of authors concerning Kant’s account of truth, and proposes an alternative to these views.
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  21. added 2015-06-28
    Gudrun Schulz (1993). Veritas est adaequatio intellectus et rei: Untersuchungen zur Wahrheitslehre des Thomas von Aquin und zur Kritik Kants an einem überlieferten Wahrheitsbegriff. Brill.
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  22. added 2015-06-28
    Herbert Schnädelbach (1988). Thesen über Geltung und Wahrheit. In Regina Claussen & Roland Daube-Schakat (eds.), Gedankenzeichen: Festschrift für K. Oehler. Stauffenburg. 101-108.
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  23. added 2015-06-27
    Victor Eugen Gelan (2005). The categorical imperative and the need for pure ethics. International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology 3:189-198.
  24. added 2015-06-24
    Ericka Tucker (2015). Spinoza's Social Sage. Revista Conatus (Summer).
    Although there has been more attention recently to Spinoza’s theory of emotions, many Spinoza scholars see Spinoza primarily as a rationalist – one who wanted to find ways to fully overcome the bondage of the passions – all passions – and reach reason. Often this conception of Spinoza skews our view of the ‘free man’ as a man alone, seeking reason outside the boundaries of normal society. Indeed, some scholars have seen Spinoza as proposing just such a sage – a (...)
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  25. added 2015-06-22
    Aaron Garrett & James A. Harris (eds.) (2015). Scottish Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century, Volume I: Morals, Politics, Art, Religion. Oup Oxford.
    This new history of Scottish philosophy will include two volumes that focus on the Scottish Enlightenment of the eighteenth century. In this first volume, a team of leading experts explore the ideas, intellectual context, and influence of Hutcheson, Hume, Smith, Reid, and many other thinkers.
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  26. added 2015-06-22
    Robin Douglass (2015). Rousseau and Hobbes: Nature, Free Will, and the Passions. Oup Oxford.
    Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of the relationship between Thomas Hobbes and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, two of the most important figures in the history of modern political thought. He explores and evaluates the most important differences between them, and advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy.
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  27. added 2015-06-22
    Sarah Hutton (2015). British Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century. Oup Oxford.
    Sarah Hutton presents a rich historical study of one of the most fertile periods in philosophy. It was in the seventeenth century that Britain first produced philosophers of international stature. Bacon, Hobbes, and Locke, and many other thinkers are shown in their intellectual, social, political, and religious context.
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  28. added 2015-06-22
    Carlos Balzi (2014). Entre El Cielo y la Tierra: Hobbes y El Problema Teológico-Político. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 40 (1):110-112.
    En los últimos años, la relación entre la filosofía de la Ilustración y el cinismo ha logrado atraer la atención de los especialistas. En ese marco, los críticos suelen identificar las filosofías de Diógenes y Diderot. El objetivo del presente trabajo es revisar el vínculo que existe entre ambos con el fin de demostrar que el mismo es problemático y que, por esa razón, desborda las interpretaciones que se han presentado hasta el momento. Esto, por otra parte, arrojará luces sobre (...)
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  29. added 2015-06-22
    Mark Philp & Zbigniew Pelczynski (eds.) (2012). Machiavelli, Hobbes, and Rousseau. Oup Oxford.
    This volume presents lucid and insightful studies of three great figures from the history of political thought, by John Plamenatz , a leading political philosopher of his time. This previously unpublished work exemplifies Plamenatz's view that engagement with canonical texts can enrich and expand our capacity for political reflection.
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  30. added 2015-06-22
    J. C. A. Gaskin (ed.) (2008). The Elements of Law Natural and Politic. Part I: Human Nature; Part Ii: De Corpore Politico: With Three Lives. Oup Oxford.
    Thomas Hobbes was the first great philosopher to write in English. His account of the human condition, first developed in The Elements of Law , which comprises Human Nature and De Corpore Politico, is a direct product of the intellectual and political strife of the seventeenth century. It is also a remarkably penetrating look at human nature, and a permanently relevant analysis of the fears and self-seeking that result in the war of `each against every man'. In The Elements of (...)
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  31. added 2015-06-22
    J. C. A. Gaskin (ed.) (2008). Leviathan. Oup Oxford.
    He that is to govern a whole nation, must read in himself, not this, or that particular man; but mankind. Leviathan is both a magnificent literary achievement and the greatest work of political philosophy in the English language. Permanently challenging, it has found new applications and new refutations in every generation. This new edition reproduces the first printed text, retaining the original punctuation but modernizing the spelling. It offers the most useful annotation available, an introduction that guides the reader through (...)
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  32. added 2015-06-22
    Noel Malcolm (ed.) (1997). The Correspondence: Volume Ii: 1660-1679. Clarendon Press.
    This is the first complete edition of the correspondence of Thomas Hobbes , one of the most important figures in the history of European thought. The texts of the letters are richly supplemented with explanatory notes and full biographical and bibliographical information. This landmark publication sheds new light in abundance on the intellectual life of a major thinker.
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  33. added 2015-06-22
    Noel Malcolm (ed.) (1997). The Correspondence: Volume I: 1622-1659. Clarendon Press.
    This is the first complete edition of the correspondence of Thomas Hobbes , one of the most important figures in the history of European thought. The texts of the letters are richly supplemented with explanatory notes and full biographical and bibliographical information. This landmark publication sheds new light in abundance on the intellectual life of a major thinker.
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  34. added 2015-06-21
    Marina Folescu (2015). Thinking About Different Nonexistents of the Same Kind. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 90 (3):n/a-n/a.
    How is it that, as fiction readers, we are nonplussed by J. K. Rowling's prescription to imagine Ronan, Bane, and Magorian, three different centaurs of the Forbidden Forrest at Hogwarts? It is usually held in the philosophical literature on fictional discourse that singular imaginings of fictional objects are impossible, given the blatant nonexistence of such objects. In this paper, I have a dual purpose: on the one hand, to show that, without being committed to Meinongeanism, we can explain the phenomenon (...)
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  35. added 2015-06-21
    Marina Folescu, Thomas Reid: Philosophy of Mind. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is an encyclopedia entry that can be accessed following this link: http://www.iep.utm.edu/reidmind/ -/- In philosophy of mind, Reid is most celebrated today for the arguments he gave in support of the position known as direct realism, which, at its most basic, states that the primary objects of sense perception are physical objects, not ideas in human minds. However, Reid’s philosophy of mind neither begins nor ends with perception. In addition to arguing for direct realism and, consequently, against “the way (...)
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  36. added 2015-06-21
    Carl Posy (2000). Immediacy and the Birth of Reference in Kant: The Case for Space. In Gila Sher & Richard Tieszen (eds.), Between Logic and Intuition: Essays in Honor of Charles Parsons. Cambridge University Press. 155-185.
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  37. added 2015-06-21
    Carl J. Posy (1984). Transcendental Idealism and Causality: An Interpretation of Kant's Argument in the Second Analogy. In William A. Harper & Ralf Meerbote (eds.), Kant on Causality, Freedom, and Objectivity. University of Minnesota Press. 20-41.
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  38. added 2015-06-21
    E. Mirri (1982). Sull'uso della parola "verità" nella Critica della ragion pura. la Nottola 1 (1-2):23-32.
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  39. added 2015-06-21
    W. P. Esterhuyse (1972). From Plato to Kant: The Problem of Truth. In Lewis White Beck (ed.), Proceedings of the Third International Kant Congress. Reidel. 281-287.
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  40. added 2015-06-20
    Miren Boehm (2013). The Normativity of Experience and Causal Belief in Hume’s Treatise. Hume Studies 39 (2):203-231.
    What is the source of normativity in Hume’s account of causal reasoning? In virtue of what are causal beliefs justified for Hume? To answer these questions, the literature appeals, almost invariably, to custom or some feature thereof. I argue, in contrast, that causal beliefs are justified for Hume because they issue from experience. Although he denies experience the title of justifying reason, for Hume experience has normative authority. I offer an interpretation of the source and nature of the normativity of (...)
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  41. added 2015-06-20
    Ingetrud Pape (1966). Tradition und Transformation der Modalität, vol. 1. Meiner.
  42. added 2015-06-18
    Marius Stan (forthcoming). Kant and the Object of Determinate Experience. Philosophers' Imprint 15.
    An influential view has it that the paradigm application of Kant’s categories is Newton’s dynamics. Though cogent, the claim makes the categories too narrow, because Newton’s laws had explanatory limits known well before the 1780s. I show here that the categories are broad enough to avoid that problem: I prove that Kant can ground basic laws for all classical mechanics, which is demonstrably more general than Newton’s theory. To make my case, I survey three brands of Enlightenment dynamics, based respectively (...)
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  43. added 2015-06-17
    L. Fr H. Svensen (2001). Kant's Theory of Empirical Truth. In Volker Gerhardt, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Ralph Schumaker (eds.), Kant und die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des XI. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. de Gruyter. vol. 2, 847-855.
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  44. added 2015-06-17
    Oscar Meo (2000). Kantiana minora vel rariora. Il Melangolo.
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  45. added 2015-06-17
    Hans Friedrich Fulda (1988). Ontologie nach Kant und Hegel. In Dieter Henrich (ed.), Metaphysik nach Kant? Stuttgarter Hegel-Kongreß 1987. 44-82.
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  46. added 2015-06-16
    Alberto Vanzo (forthcoming). Empiricism and Rationalism in Nineteenth-Century Histories of Philosophy. Journal of the History of Ideas.
    This paper traces the ancestry of a familiar historiographical narrative, according to which early modern philosophy was marked by the development of empiricism, rationalism, and their synthesis by Immanuel Kant. It is often claimed that this narrative became standard in the nineteenth century, due to the influence of Thomas Reid, Kant and his disciples, or German Hegelians and British Idealists. The paper argues that the narrative became standard only at the turn of the twentieth century. This was not due to (...)
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  47. added 2015-06-15
    D. Ainslie & A. Butler (2015). The Cambridge Companion to Hume's Treatise. Cambridge.
  48. added 2015-06-15
    William Edward Morris (2015). Dennis C. Rasmussen, The Pragmatic Enlightenment: Recovering the Liberalism of Hume, Smith, Montesquieu, and Voltaire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. 349 Pp. $90.00 Hb. ISBN 9781107045002. [REVIEW] 13 (2):141-145.
  49. added 2015-06-15
    Claudiney José de Souza (2014). Uma Teoria Naturalista da Justificação Das Crenças Na Epistemologia de David Hume. Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 18 (2):227.
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  50. added 2015-06-15
    Howard Robinson (ed.) (2009). Principles of Human Knowledge and Three Dialogues. Oup Oxford.
    Berkeley's idealism started a revolution in philosophy. As one of the great empiricist thinkers he not only influenced British philosophers from Hume to Russell and the logical positivists in the twentieth century, he also set the scene for the continental idealism of Hegel and even the philosophy of Marx. This edition of Berkeley's two key works has an introduction which examines and in part defends his arguments for idealism, as well as offering a detailed analytical contents list, extensive philosophical notes (...)
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