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17th/18th Century Philosophy

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  1. added 2014-11-26
    Sebastian Gardner (2014). Method and Metaphysics in the Philosophy of Art. Estetika: The Central European Journal of Aesthetics 51 (New Series: 7) (2):230-253.
    This article is concerned with the question of the proper place of substantial general metaphysics in aesthetics and the philosophy of art. For reasons articulated in writings from the 1950s, analytic aesthetics denies that there is any relation of dependence and regards the intrusion of metaphysics into reflection on art as not merely superfluous but also methodologically inappropriate. Against this I argue (1) that analytic aesthetics in its circumscription of the bounds of the discipline is not metaphysically neutral, (2) that (...)
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  2. added 2014-11-25
    Adam Weiler Gur Arye (2014). Reid, Hardness and Developmental Psychology. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 12 (2):145-162.
    I suggest two main ways of interpreting Reid's analysis of the perception of the quality of hardness: (1) Reid endorses two distinct concepts of hardness. The distinction between the two lies in a profoundly different relation between the sensation of hardness and the concept of hardness in each of them. The first concept, which I term as a “sensation-laden concept”, is “the quality that arises in us the sensation of hardness.” The second concept, which I call a “non-sensational concept”, is (...)
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  3. added 2014-11-25
    Galen Strawson (2014). The Secret Connexion: Causation, Realism, and David Hume: Revised Edition. Oup Oxford.
    In this revised edition of The Secret Connexion, Galen Strawson explores one of the most discussed subjects in philosophy: David Hume's work on causation. He argues that Hume believes in causal influence, but insists that we cannot know its nature. The regularity theory of causation is indefensible, and Hume never adopted it in any case.
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  4. added 2014-11-24
    Stewart Duncan, Minds Everywhere: Margaret Cavendish’s Anti-Mechanist Materialism.
    This paper considers Margaret Cavendish's distinctive anti-mechanist materialism, focusing on her 1664 Philosophical Letters, in which she discusses the views of Hobbes, Descartes, and More, among others. The paper examines Cavendish's views about natural, material souls: the soul of nature, the souls of finite individuals, and the relation between them. After briefly digressing to look at Cavendish's views about divine, supernatural souls, the paper then turns to the reasons for Cavendish's disagreement with mechanist accounts. There are disagreements over the explanation (...)
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  5. added 2014-11-20
    Jeffrey White, Autonomous Reboot: The Challenges of Artificial Moral Agency and the Ends of Machine Ethics.
    Ryan Tonkens (2009) has issued a seemingly impossible challenge, to articulate a comprehensive ethical framework within which artificial moral agents (AMAs) satisfy a Kantian inspired recipe - both "rational" and "free" - while also satisfying perceived prerogatives of Machine Ethics to create AMAs that are perfectly, not merely reliably, ethical. Challenges for machine ethicists have also been presented by Anthony Beavers and Wendell Wallach, who have pushed for the reinvention of traditional ethics in order to avoid "ethical nihilism" due to (...)
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  6. added 2014-11-19
    Giovanni B. Grandi (2014). Hume and Reid on Political Economy. Eighteenth-Century Thought 5.
    While Hume had a favorable opinion of the new commercial society, Reid envisioned a utopian system that would eliminate private property and substitute the profit incentive with a system of state-conferred honors. Reid’s predilection for a centralized command economy cannot be explained by his alleged discovery of market failures, and has to be considered in the context of his moral psychology. Hume tried to explain how the desire for gain that motivates the merchant leads to industry and frugality. These, in (...)
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  7. added 2014-11-19
    Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (1995). Review of David Fate Norton (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Hume. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 104:275-77.
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  8. added 2014-11-19
    Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (1987). Review of D.D. Raphael, Adam Smith (Oxford University Press, 1985). [REVIEW] Philosophical Review:612-15.
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  9. added 2014-11-16
    Yitzhak Melamed (forthcoming). Gersonides and Spinoza on God’s Knowledge of Universals and Particulars. In Gad Freudenthal, David Wirmer & Ofer Elior (eds.), Gersonides Through the Ages.
  10. added 2014-11-16
    David Rabourdin (2013). Pascal: Foi Et Conversion: La Machine des Pensées Et le Projet Apologétique. Presses Universitaires de France.
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  11. added 2014-11-16
    Carmen Hernández (2012). Pascal, Una Filosofía Que Se Trasciende a Sí Misma. Eunsa.
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  12. added 2014-11-15
    Michael Yudanin (forthcoming). Can Positive Duties Be Derived From Kant's Categorical Imperative? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-20.
    Kant’s moral philosophy usually considers two types of duties: negative duties that prohibit certain actions and positive duties commanding action. With that, Kant insists on deriving all morality from reason alone. Such is the Categorical Imperative that Kant lays at the basis of ethics. Yet while negative duties can be derived from the Categorical Imperative and thus from reason, the paper argues that this is not the case with positive duties. After answering a number of attempts to derive positive duties (...)
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  13. added 2014-11-13
    Alexander Broadie, Adam Ferguson on Human Nature and Enlightened Governance.
    An account, based principally on Ferguson's Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767), of his concept of enlightened governance, and of the relation between that concept and his concept of human nature.
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  14. added 2014-11-13
    William C. Lane (2006). The Best of Possible Worlds: A Testable Claim of Choice. Theology and Science 4 (3):261-278.
    Leibniz said that the universe, if God-created, would exist at a unique, conjoint, physical maximum: Of all possible worlds, it would be richest in phenomena, but its richness would arise from the simplest physical laws and initial conditions. Using concepts of ‘‘variety’’ and algorithmic informational complexity, Leibniz’ claim can be reframed as a testable theory. This theory predicts that the laws and conditions of the actual universe should be simpler, and the universe richer in phenomena, than the presence of observers (...)
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  15. added 2014-11-11
    Wolfgang Ertl (2010). Persons as Causes in Kant. In Stephen R. Palmquist (ed.), Cultivating Personhood: Kant and Asian Philosophy. de Gruyter. 217-230.
    Drawing on recent Aristotelian readings of Kant's notion of natural causality with an emphasis on substances as causes, I will try to explain how persons can make a difference in the world of appearances by virtue of their rationality. For Kant, the clue is that the peculiar mode of a substance's natural causality supervenes on in-itself features, among which is the mode or character of the person's rationality. Thus, a wedge can be driven between natural necessity and metaphysical necessity, opening (...)
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  16. added 2014-11-10
    Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra (forthcoming). The Principles of Contradiction, Sufficient Reason, and Identity of Indiscernibles. In Maria Rosa Antognazza (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford University Press.
    Leibniz was a philosopher of principles: the principles of Contradiction, of Sufficient Reason, of Identity of Indiscernibles, of Plenitude, of the Best, and of Continuity are among the most famous Leibnizian principles. In this article I shall focus on the first three principles; I shall discuss various formulations of the principles (sect. 1), what it means for these theses to have the status of principles or axioms in Leibniz’s philosophy (sect. 2), the fundamental character of the Principles of Contradiction and (...)
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  17. added 2014-11-10
    C. Coker (2014). War in Social Thought: Hobbes to the Present. Common Knowledge 20 (3):500-500.
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  18. added 2014-11-10
    Theodore Gracyk (2014). The British Aesthetic Tradition: From Shaftesbury to Wittgenstein by Timothy M. Costelloe. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):848-849.
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  19. added 2014-11-10
    Sarah Hutton (2014). The Christian Religion, as Professed by a Daughter of the Church of England by Mary Astell. Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):847-848.
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  20. added 2014-11-10
    Patrick J. Connolly, Locke, John. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    John Locke (1632—1704) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government. He was also influential in the areas of theology, […].
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  21. added 2014-11-10
    Patrick J. Connolly (2014). Newton and God's Sensorium. Intellectual History Review 24 (2):185-201.
    In the Queries to the Latin version of the Opticks Newton claims that space is God’s sensorium. Although these passages are well-known, few commentators have offered interpretations of what Newton might have meant by these cryptic remarks. As is well known, Leibniz was quick to pounce on these passages as evidence that Newton held untenable or nonsensical views in metaphysics and theology. Subsequent commentators have largely agreed. This paper has two goals. The first is to offer a clear interpretation of (...)
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  22. added 2014-11-10
    Patrick J. Connolly (2013). Travel Literature, the New World, and Locke on Species. Society and Politics 7 (1):103-116.
    This paper examines the way in which Locke's deep and longstanding interest in the non-European world contributed to his views on species and their classification. The evidence for Locke's curiosity about the non-European world, especially his fascination with seventeenth-century travel literature, is presented and evaluated. I claim that this personal interest of Locke's almost certainly influenced the metaphysical and epistemological positions he develops in the Essay. I look to Locke's theory of species taxonomy for proof of this. I argue that (...)
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  23. added 2014-11-10
    Elena Ficara (2006). Die Ontologie in der Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Königshausen&Neumann.
    The book is an analysis of Kant’s uses and definitions of the three concepts ‘transcendental philosophy’, ‘ontology’ and ‘logic’. It first focuses on Kant’s definitions of ‘transcendental’ in the Critique of Pure Reason, where the term is used for the very first time with a programmatic meaning, as the qualification of Kant’s specific philosophical standpoint. Secondly, it reconstructs Kant’s position towards metaphysics and ontology in his pre-critical and critical writings, as well as its premises in the Leibnizian and Wolffian metaphysics. (...)
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  24. added 2014-11-10
    Jacqueline Broad, Adversaries or Allies? Occasional Thoughts on the Masham-Astell Exchange.
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  25. added 2014-11-09
    Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra (forthcoming). Leibniz on Substance in the Discourse on Metaphysics. In T. Stoneham & P. Lodge (eds.), Locke and Leibniz on Substance. Routledge.
    In the Discourse on Metaphysics Leibniz put forward his famous complete-concept definition of substance. Sometimes this definition is glossed as stating that a substance is an entity with a concept so complete that it contains all its predicates, and it is thought that it follows directly from Leibniz’s theory of truth. Now, an adequate definition of substance should not apply to accidents. But, as I shall point out, if Leibniz’s theory of truth is correct then an accident is an entity (...)
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  26. added 2014-11-09
    Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra (2014). Leibniz's Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles. Oxford University Press.
    Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra presents an original study of the place and role of the Identity of Indiscernibles in Leibniz's philosophy. The Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles rules out numerically distinct but perfectly similar things; Leibniz derived it from more basic principles and used it to establish important philosophical theses. Rodriguez-Pereyra aims to establish what Leibniz meant by the Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles, what his arguments for and from it were, and to assess those arguments and Leibniz's claims about the (...)
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  27. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2014). Leibniz Tras Los Pasos de Spinoza. In Leticia Cabañas & Oscar M. Esquisabel (eds.), Leibniz Frente a Spinoza. Una Interpretación Panorámica. Editorial Comares. 71-95.
    The paper (an ample reworking of a 2005 Italian paper) tries to evaluate Leibniz’s enduring fascination with Spinoza and presents an overview in five stages of the development of his complex relationship to his thought, beginning with the time of Mainz, when Leibniz shows a strange urgency to get in epistolary contact with the author of the Theologico-Political Treatise, despite his public rejection of both the work and the author; then Leibniz’s stay in Paris, especially in the year 1675, when (...)
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  28. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2013). Vacui Ratione. Observability and Causal Powers of a Nonentity. Journal of Interdisciplinary History of Ideas 2 (3):4:1-4:22.
  29. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2013). Ex Oppositis Quid. Cusano, Erasmo, Leibniz. In Gianluca Cuozzo (ed.), Cusano E Leibniz. Prospettive Filosofiche. Mimesis Edizioni. 249-269.
    To avoid the mystical rapture that seizes interpreters put before the theme of unitas oppositorum in Cusanus and Leibniz, this contribution shall move from the prosaic question: what does ensue from such opposites or from their conjunction? 2) interweave the analysis with some external point of view, notably that of Erasmus. This question will be investigated on the background of two antitethical traditions in dealing philosophically with opposition and contradiction, although in the end we shall try and find out other (...)
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  30. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2012). La Concordia E L'Armonia. Leibniz E la Globalizzazione di Una Tradizione Europea. Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 51 (129-131):373-381.
    Leibniz participates in a quite important thought tradition of christian Europe, that of concordia between Christians, or between religions. With him this heritage is universalised: the globalization of concordia gives birth to Leibniz’s harmony of universal truth, that the whole of humankind can access.
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  31. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2012). “Molecole viventi' e “natura senza dèi': anime e microscopi tra filosofia, scienza e letteratura. In Simone Messina & Paola Trivero (eds.), Metamorfosi Dei Lumi 6. Le Belle Lettere E le Scienze. Aaccademia University Press. 42-71.
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  32. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2011). Both Mechanistic and Teleological. The Genesis of Leibniz's Concept of Organism, with Special Regard to His Du Rapport General de Toutes Choses. In Hubertus Busche & Stephan Hessbrüggen-Walter (eds.), Departure to Modern Europe -- Philosophy Between 1400 and 1700. Meiner. 1216-1235.
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  33. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2011). The Organic Vs. The Living in the Light of Leibniz's Aristotelianisms. In Ohad Nachtomy & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.), Corporeal Substances and Machines of Nature in Leibniz. Springer. 81-94.
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  34. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2011). La Doctrine de la Spontanéité Dans la Théodicée. In Paul Rateau (ed.), Lectures Et Interprétations des Essais de Théodicée de G.W. Leibniz. F. Steiner. 155-173.
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  35. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2010). Some Notes on the Role of General Principles and Axioms in the Reconstruction of Leibniz's Philosophy. In Leibniz Und Die Entstehung der Modernität. F. Steiner. 93-100.
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  36. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2005). Leibniz alla caccia di Spinoza. In Stefano Gensini (ed.), Linguaggio, Mente, Conoscenza. Intorno a Leibniz. Carocci. 59-86.
    The paper (of which an ample Spanish reworking has appeared in 2012, see <http://philpapers.org/rec/PASLTL>) tries to evaluate Leibniz’s enduring fascination with Spinoza and presents an overview in five stages of the development of his complex relationship to his thought, beginning with the time of Mainz, when Leibniz shows a strange urgency to get in epistolary contact with the author of the Theologico-Political Treatise, despite his public rejection of both the work and the author; then Leibniz’s stay in Paris, especially in (...)
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  37. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (ed.) (2005). La Monadologie de Leibniz. Genèse Et Contexte. Mimesis Edizioni.
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  38. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2005). La Monadologie: Histoire de Naissance. In E. Pasini (ed.), La Monadologie de Leibniz. Genèse Et Contexte. Mimesis Edizioni. 85-122.
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  39. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (2005). Cinque storie sulla Monadologia di Leibniz. In B. M. D'Ippolito, A. Montano & F. Piro (eds.), Monadi E Monadologie. Il Mondo Degli Individui Tra Bruno, Leibniz E Husserl. Rubbettino. 147-167.
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  40. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (1996). Corpo E Funzioni Cognitive in Leibniz. Franco Angeli.
    The Author attempts to reconstruct Leibniz’s philosophy through the physiology of the processes of perception, inner sense, and general cognition, and their metaphysical implications, using both Leibniz’s published and unpublished works. The volume contains four chapters ("The Young Leibniz", "Thought Mechanisms", "The Means of Perception", "The Functions of Imagination"), and a number of hitherto unpublished texts by Leibniz.
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  41. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (1995). Segni e algoritmo nell'analisi leibniziana. In Marco Panza & Clara Silvia Roero (eds.), Geometria, Flussioni E Differenziali. La Città Del Sole. 385-412.
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  42. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (1994). La prima recezione della monadologia. Dalla tesi di Gottsched alla controversia sulla dottrina delle monadi. Studi Settecenteschi 14:107-163.
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  43. added 2014-11-08
    Enrico Pasini (1993). Il Reale E L'Immaginario. La Fondazione Del Calcolo Infinitesimale Nel Pensiero di Leibniz. Edizioni Sonda.
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  44. added 2014-11-05
    Steve Naragon (2014). Kant's Career in German Idealism. In Matthew Altman (ed.), The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism. Palgrave Macmillan. 15-33.
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  45. added 2014-11-03
    Jill Graper Hernandez (forthcoming). Acquainted with Grief: The Atonement and Early Feminist Conceptions of Theodicy. Philosophia:1-15.
    This paper explores the relationship between the problem of evil and a kenotic view of the Atonement evidenced not just by feminist theologians, but by analytic philosophers of religion. (“Kenosis”, from the Greek κένωσις, “emptiness,” generally refers to the emptying of the self, and more specifically refers to the passion of Christ, during which Christ suffered on behalf of humanity.) I will argue that, although kenosis provides an interesting story about the ability of Christ to partake in human suffering, it (...)
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  46. added 2014-11-01
    Hein van den Berg (2009). Kant on Vital Forces: Metaphysical Concerns Versus Scientific Practice. In E. O. Onnasch (ed.), Kants Philosophie der Natur. Ihre Entwicklung im Opus postumum und ihre WIrkung. Walter De Gruyter. 115-135.
  47. added 2014-10-31
    Nicholas F. Stang (2014). Review Essay: Greenberg on Kant, Existence, and De Re Necessity. Greenberg Robert,Real Existence, Ideal Necessity: Kant's Compromise and the Modalities Without the Compromise.Berlin:Walter de Gruyter,2008. Pp. Xviii + 211, $119.00, Hbk.978-3-11-021013-2. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 19 (3):475-489.
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  48. added 2014-10-31
    J. Colin McQuillan (2014). Oaths, Promises, and Compulsory Duties: Kant's Response to Mendelssohn's Jerusalem. Journal of the History of Ideas 75 (4).
    This article argues that Kant's essay on enlightenment responds to Moses Mendelssohn's defense of the freedom of conscience in Jerusalem. While Mendelssohn holds that the freedom of conscience as an inalienable right, Kant argues that the use of one's reason may be constrained by oaths. Kant calls such a constrained use of reason the private use of reason. While he also defends the unconditional freedom of the public use of reason, Kant believes that one makes oneself a part of the (...)
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  49. added 2014-10-31
    Jessica Leech (2014). Making Modal Distinctions: Kant on the Possible, the Actual, and the Intuitive Understanding. Kantian Review 19 (3):339-365.
    One striking contrast that Kant draws between the kind of cognitive capacities that humans have and alternative kinds of intellect concerns modal concepts. Whilst (5: 401), the very distinction between possibility and actuality would not arise for an intuitive understanding. The aim of this paper is to explore in more detail how the functioning of these cognitive capacities relates to modal concepts, and to provide a model of the intuitive understanding, in order to draw some general lessons for our ability (...)
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  50. added 2014-10-31
    Melissa Frankel (2013). Revisiting Berkeley's Perceptual Relativity Argument. History of Philosophy Quarterly 30 (2):161-176.
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