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19th Century Philosophy

Edited by Michelle Kosch (Cornell University)
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  1. added 2015-02-28
    Robert J. O'Hara (1996). Mapping the Space of Time: Temporal Representation in the Historical Sciences. Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 20: 7–17.
    William Whewell (1794–1866), polymathic Victorian scientist, philosopher, historian, and educator, was one of the great neologists of the nineteenth century. Although Whewell's name is little remembered today except by professional historians and philosophers of science, researchers in many scientific fields work each day in a world that Whewell named. "Miocene" and "Pliocene," "uniformitarian" and "catastrophist," "anode" and "cathode," even the word "scientist" itself—all of these were Whewell coinages. Whewell is particularly important to students of the historical sciences for another word (...)
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  2. added 2015-02-28
    Robert J. O'Hara (1994). Vita: Chauncey Wright—Brief Life of an "Indolent Genius": 1830–1875. Harvard Magazine 96 (4): 42–43.
    Chauncey Wright (1830–1874) was one of the first American philosophers to explore the implications of Charles Darwin's work in evolutionary biology. Wright became a strong supporter of the idea of natural selection and a strong critic of the anti-selectionist and teleological arguments of St. George Jackson Mivart and Herbert Spencer, and he laid the groundwork for the field that is today called evolutionary epistemology. As the mentor of the original Cambridge "Metaphysical Club" (William James, Charles Sanders Peirce, and Oliver Wendell (...)
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  3. added 2015-02-27
    Nikolay Milkov (2006). Hermann Lotze's "Microcosm". In A.-T. Tymieniecka (ed.), Islamic Philosophy and Phenomenology on the Perennial Issue of Microcosm and Macrocosm. Kluwer. 41-65.
    Lotze’s "Microcosm" was published in three volumes, in 1856, 1858 and 1864, respectively. It was soon one of the most widely read philosophy books of the time. It was translated into French and Russian immediately, into English in 1885/87, and into Italian in 1911/16. The book saw six editions in Germany alone by 1923.
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  4. added 2015-02-24
    G. Anthony Bruno (forthcoming). Schelling on the Possibility of Evil: Rendering Pantheism, Freedom and Time Consistent. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy.
  5. added 2015-02-24
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1992). Schopenhauer Nietzsche and Yeats on 'Passing By'. English Language Notes 30 (2):50-57.
  6. added 2015-02-21
    Saulius GeniuŠas (2010). Apie daugialypį kentėjimo fenomenalumą / On the Manifold Phenomenality of Suffering. Žmogus Ir Žodis: Filosofija: Mokslo Darbai (Man And Word: Part IV: Philosophy Research Papers) 12:14-21.
    Straipsnyje šiandien dominuojantis požiūris į kentėjimą kritiškai palyginamas su Husserlio bei Nietzsche‘s sampratomis. Mūsų dienomis dominuojanti kentėjimo samprata yra susijusi su esminiu klausimu: „ką privalau daryti, kad panaikinčiau kančią?“ Kentėjimas suprantamas kaip nepageidaujamas ir nereikalingas fenomenas. Kita vertus, huserliškoji perspektyva gimsta iš klausimo: „ką gali kentėjimas atskleisti apie pačią žmogaus būklę?“ genetinės fenomenologijos požiūriu kentėjimas yra suprantamas kaip atskleisties fenomenas. Pagaliau, Nietzsche‘s filosofijos kontekste, kentėjimo refleksija yra susijusi su pamatiniu rūpesčiu: „Ar tam tikras kentėjimo supratimas teigia gyvenimą, ar veikiau jis (...)
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  7. added 2015-02-20
    Bernard Bolzano (2014). Grundlegung der Logik: Wissenschaftslehre I/Ii. Felix Meiner Verlag Gmbh.
    Edmund Husserl hat einmal die Wissenschaftslehre ein Werk genannt, "das in Sachen der logischen ‚Elementarlehre‘ alles weit zurückläßt, was die Weltliteratur an systematischen Entwürfen der Logik darbietet". In der Tat nimmt das vierbändige, 1837 veröffentlichte Werk zahlreiche Entwicklungen und Ansätze der späteren Phänomenologie und analytischen Philosophie vorweg. – Die Auswahlausgabe beschränkt sich aus Umfangsgründen auf die Fundamentallehre und die Elementarlehre und damit auf die Teile des Werks, die Bolzano selbst für die wichtigsten gehalten hat.
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  8. added 2015-02-19
    Dorothea Wildenburg (ed.) (2003). Ist der Existentialismus Ein Idealismus?: Transzendentalphilosophische Analyse der Selbstbewußtseinstheorie des Frühen Sartre Aus der Perspektive der Wissenschaftslehre Fichtes. Rodopi.
    Zwischen Johann Gottlieb Fichte, dem Philosophen der „abstrakten Denkkünsteleien“ , und Jean-Paul Sartre, dem Existentialisten, der sich von der Phänomenologie faszinieren ließ, weil man damit selbst über ein Glas Bier philosophieren könne, scheinen Welten zu liegen. Umso überraschender ist das Resultat der vorliegenden Studie, die aufzeigt, daß sich wesentliche Argumentationsweisen und Resultate von Sartres Selbstbewußtseinstheorie vor dem Hintergrund der Fichteschen Transzendentalphilosophie interpretieren und einsichtig machen lassen.Während Sartre bisher zumeist mit Husserl, Heidegger oder Hegel in Verbindung gebracht wurde, stellt diese Arbeit (...)
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  9. added 2015-02-19
    Alexius Meinong (1999). Théorie de L’Objet & Présentation Personnelle. Vrin.
    La Théorie de l’objet de 1904 constitue certainement l’écrit-programme le plus décidé du philosophe de Graz, tout comme, à la fin de sa vie, la Présentation personnelle offre un récapitulatif très précis et rigoureux de toute son entreprise et de celle de son École. De cette œuvre exemplaire par sa probité, mais aussi sa hardiesse tranquille, la réception française aura été particulièrement limitée, comme si elle avait été éclipsée par d’autres élèves de Brentano, et en particulier par Husserl et son (...)
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  10. added 2015-02-19
    Raymond Aaron Younis (1998). German Essays on Religion. Journal of Religion 78 (1):141-143.
  11. added 2015-02-18
    Max Gottschlich (forthcoming). The Necessity and the Limits of Kant's Transcendental Logic, with Reference to Nietzsche and Hegel. (In Review).
  12. added 2015-02-18
    Raymond Aaron Younis (2007). Nihilism Reconstruction and the Hero's Journey. In Angela Ndalianis Wendy Haslem & Chris Mackie (eds.), Super/Heroes. New Academia. 97-111.
  13. added 2015-02-17
    David T. Vessey (1996). The Fruitfulness of Dialogue: An Account of Intersubjectivity Appropriate for Hermeneutics. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    A central tenet of hermeneutics is the claim that dialogue is necessary for the full understanding of ourselves. It follows, then, that dialogue must be fruitful for understanding in a way in which no solitary activity can be. This dissertation provides a much needed defense of this claim by articulating and defending the essential parts of an account of intersubjectivity from which the claim follows. The dissertation is divided into three sections, each focusing on a specific part of the account (...)
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  14. added 2015-02-17
    Barry Smith (1985). "Deskriptive Psychologie" by Franz Brentano. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):627.
    We provide a detailed exposition of Brentano’s descriptive psychology, focusing on the unity of consciousness, the modes of connection and the types of part, including separable parts, distinctive parts, logical parts and what Brentano calls modificational quasi-parts. We also deal with Brentano’s account of the objects of sensation and the experience of time.
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  15. added 2015-02-17
    Jacob Owensby (1985). Dilthey's Critical Foundation for the Human Sciences as Proposed in the "Einleitung in Die Geisteswissenschaften". Dissertation, Emory University
    In this dissertation I reconstruct Wilhelm Dilthey's Critique of Historical Reason as the solution to the epistemological-ontological problems raised in the Einleitung in die Geisteswissenschaften . It is my contention that the solutions to these problems are internally related by their devotion to the task of providing an analysis of the structure and development of the life-nexus, i.e. the I-World relationship as given in lived experience. Accordingly, I present Dilthey's structural and developmental analysis of the life-nexus as a foundation for (...)
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  16. added 2015-02-17
    Frank M. Kirkland (1981). The Bounds of Phenomenology: An Essay on Husserl and Hegel. Dissertation, New School for Social Research
    Although the literature on, and the interest in, the relation of Husserlian phenomenology and Hegelian phenomenology are almost next to nil, the interpretations surrounding this relation are plagued by a number of aporiai. There is too much attention to extraneous matters. There is no adequate attempt to work out and explicate their respective theories of phenomenology and the coherency of the theories. There is a failure to spell out the presuppositions involved in the formation of transcendental philosophy which is to (...)
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  17. added 2015-02-16
    Vanessa Lemm (2015). Nietzsche|[Rsquo]|s Agon for Politics|[Quest]|. Contemporary Political Theory 14 (1):e12.
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  18. added 2015-02-14
    Rebecca Bamford (unknown). The Art of Power: Machiavelli, Nietzsche, and the Making of Aesthetic Political Theory : Von VacanoDiego A.,1970-Art of Power: Machiavelli, Nietzsche, and the Making of Aesthetic Political Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):95-99.
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  19. added 2015-02-14
    Ariela Tubert (unknown). The Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on Overcoming Nihilism : ReginsterBernard.Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on Overcoming Nihilism. [REVIEW] Journal of Nietzsche Studies 38 (1):90-92.
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  20. added 2015-02-14
    Barry Smith (1995). More Things in Heaven and Earth. Grazer Philosophische Studien 50:87-201.
    Philosophers in the field of analytic metaphysics have begun gradually to come to terms with the fact that there are entities in a range of categories not dreamt of in the set-theory and predicate-logic-based ontologies of their forefathers. Examples of such “entia minora” would include: boundaries, places, events, states holes, shadows, individual colour- and tone-instances (tropes), together with combinations of these and associated simple and complex universal species or essences, states of affairs, judgment-contents, and myriad abstract structures of the sorts (...)
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  21. added 2015-02-13
    John R. Shook (unknown). Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism: Lessons From John Dewey : HickmanLarry A.,1942-Pragmatism as Post-Postmodernism: Lessons From John Dewey. [REVIEW] Transactions of the Charles s Peirce Society 45 (1):109-114.
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  22. added 2015-02-13
    R. D. Rollinger (1999). Husserl's Position in the School of Brentano. Springer.
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  23. added 2015-02-13
    Kurt Rudolf Fischer (1999). Österreichische Philosophie von Brentano Bis Wittgenstein. WUV.
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  24. added 2015-02-13
    Barry Smith (1998). Ingarden versus Meinong o logice fikcji. In Z. Muszyński (ed.), Z badań nad prawdą i poznaniem. Wydawnictwo UMC-S. 283–296.
    : For Meinong, familiarly, fictional entities are not created, but rather merely discovered (or picked out) from the inexhaustible realm of Aussersein (beyond being and non-being). The phenomenologist Roman Ingarden, in contrast, offers in his Literary Work of Art of 1931 a constructive ontology of fiction, which views fictional objects as entities which are created by the acts of an author (as laws, for example, are created by acts of parliament). We outline the logic of fiction which is implied by (...)
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  25. added 2015-02-13
    Mauro Antonelli (1996). Alle Radici Del Movimento Fenomenologico. Psicologia E Metafisica Nel Giovane Franz Brentano. Pitagora.
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  26. added 2015-02-13
    L. Albertazzi & Roberto Poli (1993). Brentano in Italia: Una Filosofia Rigorosa, Contro Positivismo E Attualismo. Guerini studio.
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  27. added 2015-02-13
    Thomas Binder & Josef Zumr (1992). T.G. Masaryk Und Die Brentano-Schule Beiträge. Filosofický ústav Československé akademie.
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  28. added 2015-02-13
    Ernst Wolfgang Orth (1984). Dilthey Und der Wandel des Philosophiebegriffs Seit Dem 19. Jahrhundert Studien Zu Dilthey Und Brentano, Mach, Nietzsche, Twardowski, Husserl, Heidegger.
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  29. added 2015-02-12
    Thane M. Naberhaus (2004). The Problem of Transcendence in Husserl's Early Philosophy. Dissertation, Georgetown University
    The main aim of this dissertation is to trace the systematic development of Husserl's early theory of intentionality, particularly as it reflects and influences his understanding of the mind-world relation. The dissertation is divided into two parts. ;In the first part, I trace the historical roots of phenomenology back to Husserl's teacher Franz Brentano. I argue that for Brentano, intentionality is a purely mental relation between a mental act and a mentally immanent intentional object or content. I also argue that (...)
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  30. added 2015-02-12
    Michael G. Vater (1979). Schelling: Geschichte, System, Freiheit. [REVIEW] The Owl of Minerva 11 (1):6-10.
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  31. added 2015-02-11
    Francesca Brencio (forthcoming). The “Passion” of Finitude. The Young Hegel as Post-Kantian. In Hegel-Jahrbuch.
  32. added 2015-02-09
    Sean Derek Illing (forthcoming). Camus and Nietzsche on Politics in an Age of Absurdity. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885114562977.
    This article examines the significance of Friedrich Nietzsche to Albert Camus’ concepts of absurdity and revolt. It rests on three related claims. First, that Nietzsche’s critique of metaphysics is the point of departure for Camus’ absurdist inquiries. Second, that Camus’ philosophy of revolt is informed in crucial ways by Nietzsche’s views on the sources of moral and intellectual authority in the modern world. Finally, that Camusian revolt is an attempt to deal with the political crisis of foundationalism in a way (...)
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  33. added 2015-02-09
    Jeffrey Bergner (1975). Karl Marx—His Life and Teachings. [REVIEW] Political Theory 3 (3):352-355.
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  34. added 2015-02-08
    Dale Jacquette (2010). Austrian Phenomenology: Brentano, Husserl, Meinong, and Others on Mind and Object. [REVIEW] Grazer Philosophische Studien 80:317-322.
  35. added 2015-02-08
    Philip J. Bartok (2004). Perceiving Structure: Phenomenological Method and Categorial Ontology in Brentano, Husserl, and Sartre. Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    Phenomenologists call for the abandoning of all philosophical theorizing in favor of a descriptive study of the "things themselves" as they are given. On its face, such a study of appearances would appear to have little to contribute to ontology, traditionally understood as the science of being and its most fundamental categories. But phenomenologists have not hesitated to draw ontological conclusions from their phenomenological investigations. Phenomenology and its ontological pretensions have come under attack, however, from philosophers of a wide variety (...)
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  36. added 2015-02-08
    Ryan Hickerson (2003). The Breakthrough to Phenomenology: Three Theories of Mental Content in the Brentano School. Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    Brentano and his students were the first to wrestle an Aristotelian perceptual concept, intentionality, into the modern metaphysics of mind. This dissertation recovers theories of Franz Brentano , Kazimierz Twardowski , and Edmund Husserl by appreciating each as an unique attempt to make a modern home for the ancient doctrine of "aboutness." The dissertation corrects a broad range of contemporary misunderstandings and criticisms of Brentano School philosophy, in particular one advanced by Martin Heidegger . ;Brentano's Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (...)
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  37. added 2015-02-08
    Timothy Bayne (2000). Roberto Poli, Ed., The Brentano Puzzle. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 20:217-221.
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  38. added 2015-02-08
    Wolfgang Huemer (2000). Roberto Poli, Ed., The Brentano Puzzle. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 20:206-209.
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  39. added 2015-02-08
    Wolfgang Huemer (1998). Franz Brentano, Descriptive Psychology. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 18:167-169.
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  40. added 2015-02-08
    Jonathan Barnes (1988). "Über Aristoteles - Nachgelassene Aufsätze" by Franz Brentano, Edited by Rolf George. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (1):162.
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  41. added 2015-02-08
    D. Jacquette (1988). R. M. Chisholm, "Brentano and Intrinsic Value". [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 22 (4):331.
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  42. added 2015-02-08
    P. Swiggers (1988). Brentano, F., Über Aristoteles. Nachgelassene Aufsätze. [REVIEW] Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 50:159.
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  43. added 2015-02-08
    Kevin Mulligan & Barry Smith (1985). Franz Brentano on the Ontology of Mind. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (4):627-644.
    This is a review article on Franz Brentano’s Descriptive Psychology published in 1982. We provide a detailed exposition of Brentano’s work on this topic, focusing on the unity of consciousness, the modes of connection and the types of part, including separable parts, distinctive parts, logical parts and what Brentano calls modificational quasi-parts. We also deal with Brentano’s account of the objects of sensation and the experience of time.
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  44. added 2015-02-08
    W. Mays (1985). F. BRENTANO "The Theory of Categories". [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (1):131.
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  45. added 2015-02-08
    Ernest Sosa (1984). Franz Brentano, Sensory and Noetic Consciousness. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 4:6-8.
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  46. added 2015-02-08
    Richard Cobb-Stevens (1981). R.M. Chisholm and R. Haller, Eds.: "Die Philosophie Franz Brentanos: Beiträge Zur Brentano Konferenz". [REVIEW] Man and World 14 (1):74.
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  47. added 2015-02-08
    Sang-ki Kim (1978). Franz Brentano, "On the Several Senses of Being in Aristotle". [REVIEW] The Thomist 42 (3):513.
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  48. added 2015-02-08
    J. Foster (1970). SRZEDNICKI, J. T. J. - "Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth". [REVIEW] Mind 79:627.
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  49. added 2015-02-08
    Hugo Bergman (1968). J. Srzednicki's "Franz Brentano's Analysis of Truth". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (2):299.
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  50. added 2015-02-08
    Kurt Rudolf Fischer (1964). Franz Brentano's Philosophy of 'Evidenz.'. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
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