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19th Century Philosophy

Edited by Michelle Kosch (Cornell University)
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  1. added 2014-09-18
    Guillaume Fréchette (2010). L'intentionnalité et le caractère qualitatif des vécus.Husserl, Brentano et Lotze. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:91-117.
    Lotze’s influence on the development of the XIXth and XXth century philosophy and psychology remains largely neglected still today. In this paper, I examine some Lotzean elements in Husserl’s early conception of intentionality, and more specifically in his rejection of the Brentanian concept of intentionality. I argue that Husserl and Lotze, pace Brentano, share a qualitative conception of experiences, what they both call the Zumutesein of experiences. Furthermore, I discuss other issues upon which Husserl and Lotze share common intuitions: the (...)
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  2. added 2014-09-18
    Guillaume Fréchette (2010). L'intentionnalité et le caractère qualitatif des vécus.Husserl, Brentano et Lotze. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:91-117.
    Lotze’s influence on the development of the XIXth and XXth century philosophy and psychology remains largely neglected still today. In this paper, I examine some Lotzean elements in Husserl’s early conception of intentionality, and more specifically in his rejection of the Brentanian concept of intentionality. I argue that Husserl and Lotze, pace Brentano, share a qualitative conception of experiences, what they both call the Zumutesein of experiences. Furthermore, I discuss other issues upon which Husserl and Lotze share common intuitions: the (...)
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  3. added 2014-09-18
    Stephan Körner (1978). Über Brentanos Reismus und die extensionale Logik. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:29-43.
    Nach einem kurzen, kritischen Bericht über die Gründe, die Brentano zur Ablehnung der mathematischen Logik bewogen, wird gezeigt, daß seine (spätere) Analyse der logischen Urteilsformen sich in einem finiten Untersystem der exakten Prädikatenlogik interpretieren läßt. Es wird sodann ausgeführt, daß dieses logische System auch zur Formulierung seiner Relationstheorie geeignet ist - sofern man von der Kontinualrelation absieht. Dieser wird aber durch eine Erweiterung der Prädikatenlogik durch inexakte Prädikate genügegetan. Schließlich wird erklärt, wie Brentanos Auffassung der logischen Modalitäten als Urteilsmodi in (...)
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  4. added 2014-09-18
    Guido Küng (1978). Zur Erkenntnistheorie von Franz Brentano. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:169-181.
    Brentano hat in seinen Analysen der Wahrnehmung zwei wichtige Punkte hervorgehoben: (a) daß die innere Wahrnehmung nur ein Bewußtsein "nebenbei" sei; und (b) daß die äußere Wahrnehmung ein räumlich Ausgedehntes (und nicht eine Idee) zum Objekt habe. Er ging aber nicht weit genug, sondern blieb dem Kartesianismus verhaftet, indem er die innere Wahrnehmung immer noch ein Erkennen nannte, und andererseits vom Objekt der äußeren Wahrnehmung sagte, daß es in Wahrheit gar nicht bestehe. Wenn man aber weiter geht und zugesteht, daß (...)
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  5. added 2014-09-18
    Stephan Körner (1978). Über Brentanos Reismus und die extensionale Logik. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:29-43.
    Nach einem kurzen, kritischen Bericht über die Gründe, die Brentano zur Ablehnung der mathematischen Logik bewogen, wird gezeigt, daß seine (spätere) Analyse der logischen Urteilsformen sich in einem finiten Untersystem der exakten Prädikatenlogik interpretieren läßt. Es wird sodann ausgeführt, daß dieses logische System auch zur Formulierung seiner Relationstheorie geeignet ist - sofern man von der Kontinualrelation absieht. Dieser wird aber durch eine Erweiterung der Prädikatenlogik durch inexakte Prädikate genügegetan. Schließlich wird erklärt, wie Brentanos Auffassung der logischen Modalitäten als Urteilsmodi in (...)
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  6. added 2014-09-18
    Guido Küng (1978). Zur Erkenntnistheorie von Franz Brentano. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:169-181.
    Brentano hat in seinen Analysen der Wahrnehmung zwei wichtige Punkte hervorgehoben: (a) daß die innere Wahrnehmung nur ein Bewußtsein "nebenbei" sei; und (b) daß die äußere Wahrnehmung ein räumlich Ausgedehntes (und nicht eine Idee) zum Objekt habe. Er ging aber nicht weit genug, sondern blieb dem Kartesianismus verhaftet, indem er die innere Wahrnehmung immer noch ein Erkennen nannte, und andererseits vom Objekt der äußeren Wahrnehmung sagte, daß es in Wahrheit gar nicht bestehe. Wenn man aber weiter geht und zugesteht, daß (...)
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  7. added 2014-09-15
    G. Anthony Bruno (forthcoming). The Appearance and Disappearance of Intellectual Intuition in Schelling’s Philosophy. Analecta Hermeneutica.
    In the first section of this paper, I account for the nexus of the problems of grounding, freedom and meaning. These problems demand, respectively, a principle by which cognition forms a system rather than an aggregate, a principle by which a system of cognition is compatible with freedom rather than incompatible and a principle by which a system of freedom can show why there is meaning rather than none. In the second section, I reconstruct Schelling’s argument in the identity philosophy (...)
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  8. added 2014-09-15
    Peter Simons (1992). L'intentionalité, la Décenie Décisif. In D. Laurier & F. Lepage (eds.), Essaies sur le language et l'intentionalité. Bellarmin/Vrin. 17-34.
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  9. added 2014-09-15
    David F. Krell (1975). On the Manifold Meaning of Alethia: Brentano, Aristotle, Heidegger. Research in Phenomenology 5:77-94.
  10. added 2014-09-11
    Franz Brentano (1992). Nous Poietikos: Survey of Earlier Interpretations. In M. Nussbaum & A. O. Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aistotle's De Anima. Clarendon. 313-341.
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  11. added 2014-09-11
    Franz Brentano (1972). Letter to Husserl. In R. C. Solomon (ed.), Phenomenology and Existentialism. Rownman & Littlefield. 211-212.
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  12. added 2014-09-07
    Daniel Brunson (2007). Memory and Peirce's Pragmatism. Cognitio-Estudos 4 (2):71-80.
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  13. added 2014-09-07
    Liliana Albertazzi (2004). The Psychophysics of the Soul; Brentano and Aristotle. Cahiers de Philologie 2004:249-275.
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  14. added 2014-09-07
    Jan Wolenski (1994). Brentano, the Univocality of Thinking, "Something," and "Reism&Quot;. Brentano Studien 5:149-166.
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  15. added 2014-09-03
    Carlo Ierna (forthcoming). A Letter From Edmund Husserl to Franz Brentano From 29 XII 1889. Husserl Studies:1-8.
    Among the correspondence between Husserl and Brentano kept at the Houghton Library of Harvard University there is a letter from Husserl to Brentano from 29 XII 1889, whose contents were completely unknown until now. The letter is of some significance, both historically as well as systematically for Husserl’s early development, painting a vivid picture of his relation and indebtedness to his teacher Franz Brentano. As in his letter to Stumpf from February 1890, Husserl describes the issues he had encountered during (...)
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  16. added 2014-09-02
    Eric S. Nelson (2014). Language, Nature, and the Self: The Feeling of Life in Kant and Dilthey. In Frank Schalow and Richard VelkleyVelkley (ed.), The Linguistic Dimension of Kant's Thought: Historical and Critical Essays. Northwestern University Press. 263-287.
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  17. added 2014-08-28
    Ian Proops (forthcoming). Russellian Acquaintance Revisited. Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    In Bertrand Russell’s writings during the first two decades of the Twentieth Century there occur two rather different distinctions that involve his much-discussed, technical notion of acquaintance. The first is the distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description; the second, the distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge of truths. This article examines the nature and philosophical purpose of these two distinctions, while also tracing the evolution of Russell’s notion of acquaintance. It argues that, when he first expressly (...)
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  18. added 2014-08-28
    Anthony Skelton (2014). On Henry Sidgwick's 'My Station and its Duties'. Ethics 125 (1):586-591.
    This is a retrospective essay on Henry Sidgwick's "My Station and Its Duties" written to mark the 125th anniversary of Ethics.
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  19. added 2014-08-25
    Karin de Boer (2012). Hegel’s Philosophy of Right: A Modern Criticism of Modernity? In Andreas Arndt (ed.), Hegel-Jahrbuch. 200-205.
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  20. added 2014-08-25
    Karin de Boer (2012). Democracy Out of Joint? The Financial Crisis in Light of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 66:36-53.
  21. added 2014-08-25
    Karin de Boer (2011). Différance as Negativity: The Hegelian Remains of Derrida’s Philosophy. In Stephen Houlgate & Michael Baur (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Hegel. Blackwell. 594-610.
  22. added 2014-08-25
    Karin de Boer (2011). Kant, Hegel, and the System of Pure Reason. In Elena Ficara (ed.), Die Begründung der Philosophie im Deutschen Idealismus. Königshausen und Neumann. 77-87.
    Since the 1970s, debates about Hegel’s Science of Logic have largely turned around the metaphysical or non-metaphysical nature of this work. This debate has certainly issued many important contributions to Hegel scholarship. Yet it presupposes, in my view, a set of oppositions that thwart an adequate assessment of Hegel’s indebtedness to Kant. I hope to show in this paper that Hegel is deeply indebted to Kant, but not to the Kant who is commonly brought into play to argue for the (...)
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  23. added 2014-08-25
    Karin de Boer (2011). Transformations of Transcendental Philosophy: Wolff, Kant, and Hegel. Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 32 (1-2):50-79.
    Shedding new light on Kant’s use of the term ‘transcendental’ in the Critique of Pure Reason, this article aims to determine the elements that Kant’s transcendental philosophy has in common with Wolffian ontology as well as the respects in which Kant turns against Wolff. On this basis I argue that Wolff’s, Kant’s and Hegel’s conceptions of metaphysics – qua first philosophy – have a deeper affinity than is commonly assumed. Bracketing the issue of Kant’s alleged subjectivism, I challenge the opposition (...)
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  24. added 2014-08-25
    Karin de Boer (2004). The Dissolving Force of the Concept: Hegel’s Ontological Logic. Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):787-822.
  25. added 2014-08-18
    W. Grassl & B. Smith (eds.) (1986). Austrian Economics: Historical and Philosophical Background. Helm Croom.
  26. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2013). Naturalism and Anti-Naturalism in Nietzsche. Archives of the History of Philosophy and of Social Thought 58:213-227.
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  27. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2013). The Question of Resentment in Nietzsche and Confucian Ethics. Taiwan Journal of East Asian Studies 10 (1):17-51.
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  28. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2013). Dilthey, Heidegger und die Hermeneutik des faktischen Lebens. In Scholtz Gunter (ed.), Diltheys Werk und die Wissenschaften. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. 97-109.
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  29. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2013). Between Nature and Spirit: Naturalism and Anti-Naturalism in Dilthey. In Anthropologie und Geschichte. Studien zu Wilhelm Dilthey aus Anlass seines 100. Todestages.
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  30. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2012). Dilthey and Carnap: Empiricism, Life-Philosophy, and Overcoming Metaphysics. Pli: Warwick Journal of Philosophy 23:20–49.
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  31. added 2014-08-06
    Peter Andras Varga (forthcoming). Was Hat Husserl in Wien Außerhalb von Brentanos Philosophie Gelernt? Über Die Einflüsse Auf den Frühen Husserl Jenseits von Brentano Und Bolzano. Husserl Studies:1-27.
    Husserl has undoubtedly considered himself being influenced by Brentano, but his conflicts with the orthodox core of the School of Brentano raise the question whether his adherence to Brentano suffices to adequately grasp the context of his early philosophy. I investigate the biographical details of Husserl’s studies in Vienna to uncover hitherto unknown ties between Husserl and Austrian philosophers outside the School of Brentano. Already during his secondary school studies in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy Husserl was exposed to the philosophy textbooks (...)
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  32. added 2014-08-06
    Serge Grigoriev (2014). Normativity and Reality in Peirce's Thought. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 6 (1):88-106.
    The purpose of the essay is to explore some points pertaining to Peirce’s conception of reality, with a special emphasis on the themes developed in his later writings (such as normativity, common sense, and the logic of signs). The resulting proposal advances a preliminary reading of some key issues (arising in connection with Peirce’s discussions of reality and truth), configured with a view to the socially sustainable, coordinated practices of inquiry that are intrinsically embedded in the biological and cultural dynamics (...)
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  33. added 2014-08-02
    Kevin Lynch (2014). The Vagaries of Psychoanalytic Interpretation: An Investigation Into the Causes of the Consensus Problem in Psychoanalysis. Philosophia 42 (3):779-799.
    Though the psychoanalytic method of interpretation is seen by psychoanalysts as a reliable scientific tool for investigating the unconscious mind, its reputation has long been marred by what’s known as the consensus problem: where different analysts fail to reach agreement when they interpret the same phenomena. This has long been thought, by both practitioners and observers of psychoanalysis, to undermine its claim to scientific status. The causes of this problem, however, are dimly understood. In this paper I attempt to illuminate (...)
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  34. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (forthcoming). On Friedrich Jodl's "Morals in History&Quot;. Ethics 125 (3).
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  35. added 2014-07-31
    Sergeiy Sandler, The Reinterpretation of Kant and the Neo-Kantians: On Bakhtin’s Pattern of Appropriation.
    Studies of the origins of Mikhail Bakhtin’s thought have tended to either follow a traditional intellectual history paradigm—where establishing the presence of an influence is taken to be a sign of Bakhtin’s identity as a thinker—or to view terminological and conceptual borrowings in Bakhtin’s work as mere veneer in which he dressed his own ideas to make them publishable or acceptable to his peers in a hostile political and intellectual environment. And while Bakhtin did absorb some genuine formative influences, and (...)
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  36. added 2014-07-27
    Rebecca Bamford (2014). Mood and Aphorism in Nietzsche’s Campaign Against Morality. Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy 25 (55-76).
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  37. added 2014-07-23
    Scott Edgar (forthcoming). The Physiology of the Sense Organs and Early Neo-Kantian Conceptions of Objectivity: Helmholtz, Lange, Liebmann. In Flavia Padovani, Alan Richardson & Jonathan Y. Tsou (eds.), Objectivity in Science: Approaches to Historical Epistemology. Boston Studies in Philosophy and History of Science. Springer.
    The physiologist Johannes Müller’s doctrine of specific nerve energies had a decisive influence on neo-Kantian conceptions of the objectivity of knowledge in the 1850s - 1870s. In the first half of the nineteenth century, Müller amassed a body of experimental evidence to support his doctrine, according to which the character of our sensations is determined by the structures of our own sensory nerves, and not by the external objects that cause the sensations. Neo-Kantians such as Hermann von Helmholtz, F.A. Lange, (...)
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  38. added 2014-07-19
    Robert Lane (2011). The Final Incapacity: Peirce on Intuition and the Continuity of Mind and Matter, Part II. Cognitio 12 (2):237-256.
    This is the second of two papers that examine Charles Peirce’s denial that human beings have a faculty of intuition. In the first paper, I argued that in its metaphysical aspect, Peirce’s denial of intuition amounts to the doctrine that there is no determinate boundary between the internal world of the cognizing subject and the external world that the subject cognizes.In the present paper, I argue that, properly understood, the “objective idealism” of Peirce’s 1890s cosmological series is a more general (...)
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  39. added 2014-07-19
    Marco Solinas (2002). Socrate e Freud. Due psicoterapie a confronto, in "Kykéion. Semestrale di idee in discussione", 8 (2002), pp. 105-116. Kykéion. Semestrale di Idee in Discussione 8:105-116.
  40. added 2014-07-18
    Robert Lane (2014). Peircean Semiotic Indeterminacy and Its Relevance for Biosemiotics. In Vinicius Romanini (ed.), Peirce and Biosemiotics.
    This chapter presents a detailed explanation of Peirce’s early and late views on semiotic indeterminacy and then considers how those views might be applied within biosemiotics. Peirce distinguished two different forms of semiotic indeterminacy: generality and vagueness. He defined each in terms of the “right” that indeterminate signs extend, either to their interpreters in the case of generality or to their utterers in the case of vagueness, to further determine their meaning. On Peirce’s view, no sign is absolutely determinate, i.e., (...)
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  41. added 2014-07-17
    Robert Lane (2011). The Final Incapacity: Peirce on Intuition and the Continuity of Mind and Matter, Part I. Cognitio 12 (1).
    This is the first of two papers that examine Charles Peirce’s denial that human beings have a faculty of intuition. The semiotic and epistemo-logical aspects of that denial are well-known. My focus is on its neglected metaphysical aspect, which I argue amounts to the doctrine that there is no determinate boundary between the internal world of the cognizing subject and the external world that the subject cognizes. In the second paper, I will argue that the “objective idealism” of Peirce’s 1890s (...)
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  42. added 2014-07-13
    Joseph Swenson (2014). Sublimation and Affirmation in Nietzsche's Psychology. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 45 (2):196-209.
    Nietzsche informs his readers frequently and seemingly with great confidence that his most original contributions to philosophy are best understood in the context of his development of a radically new kind of psychology. In his most enthusiastic moments, he even suggests that the originality of his thinking reveals not just a very, very good psychologist at work in his writing but also something more like the invention or inauguration of the field of psychology itself. It is this inaugural sense of (...)
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  43. added 2014-07-08
    Jeremy Dunham (2014). Was James Ward a Cambridge Pragmatist? British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (3):557-581.
    Although the Cambridge Professor of Mental Philosophy and Logic James Ward was once one of Britain's most highly regarded Psychologists and Philosophers, today his work is unjustly neglected. This is because his philosophy is frequently misrepresented as a reactionary anti-naturalistic idealist theism. In this article, I argue, first, that this reading is false, and that by viewing Ward through the lens of pragmatism we obtain a fresh interpretation of his work that highlights the scientific nature of his philosophy and his (...)
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  44. added 2014-07-07
    Roderick Chisholm (1986). Brentano on Preference, Desire and Intrinsic Value. In W. Grassl & B. Smith (eds.), Austrian Economics: Historical and Philoosphical Background. Helm Croom. 182-195.
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  45. added 2014-06-25
    Gabriel Finkelstein (2013). Emil du Bois-Reymond: Neuroscience, Self, and Society in Nineteenth-Century Germany. The MIT Press.
    Du Bois-Reymond is the most important forgotten intellectual of the nineteenth century. My biography, now available from the MIT Press, received an Honorable Mention for History of Science, Medicine, and Technology at the 2013 PROSE Awards.
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