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19th Century Philosophy

Edited by Michelle Kosch (Cornell University)
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  1. added 2016-05-28
    Dohrn (2006). Fichtes Theorie des Naturrechts. In W. Bock (ed.), Gesetz und Gesetzlichkeit in den Wissenschaften. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 119-135.
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  2. added 2016-05-28
    Daniel Dohrn (2006). Gesetz und Geltung in Fichtes Theorie des Naturrechts. In W. Bock (ed.), Gesetz und Gesetzlichkeit in den Wissenschaften. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft 2006.
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  3. added 2016-05-26
    Pietro Gori (2016). Il pragmatismo di Nietzsche. Saggi sul pensiero prospettivistico. Mimesis.
    Il pensiero prospettivistico del Nietzsche maturo sorge come reazione alla «fede in un valore metafisico e in sé della verità» che, a partire da Platone, ha animato la cultura occidentale. Agli occhi di Nietzsche, tale fede si trova all’origine del processo di degenerazione antropologica che ha caratterizzato la morale europea, ed è pertanto su di essa che occorre operare criticamente se si vuole avviare un contromovimento in grado di permettere all’umanità di orientarsi nei meandri labirintici del nichilismo. Attraverso una contestualizzazione (...)
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  4. added 2016-05-25
    Uriah Kriegel (forthcoming). Brentano's Dual-Framing Theory of Consciousness. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Brentano’s theory of consciousness has garnered a surprising amount of attention in recent philosophy of mind (Thomasson 2000, Caston 2002, Hossack 2002, 2006, Kriegel 2003, 2009, Thomas 2003, Smith 2004, Zahavi 2004, Drummond 2006, Textor 2006, 2013). Here I argue for a novel interpretation of Brentano’s theory that casts it as more original than previously appreciated and yet quite plausible upon inspection. According to Brentano’s theory, as interpreted here, a conscious experience of a tree is a mental state that can (...)
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  5. added 2016-05-24
    Erman Kaplama (2016). The Cosmological Aesthetic Worldview in Van Gogh’s Late Landscape Paintings. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 12 (1):218-237.
    Some artworks are called sublime because of their capacity to move human imagination in a different way than the experience of beauty. The following discussion explores how Van Gogh’s The Starry Night along with some of his other late landscape paintings accomplish this peculiar movement of imagination thus qualifying as sublime artworks. These artworks constitute examples of the higher aesthetic principles and must be judged according to the cosmological-aesthetic criteria for they manage to generate a transition between ethos and phusis (...)
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  6. added 2016-05-24
    Erman Kaplama (2016). Kantian and Nietzschean Aesthetics of Human Nature: A Comparison Between the Beautiful/Sublime and Apollonian/Dionysian Dualities. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 12 (1):166-217.
    Both for Kant and for Nietzsche, aesthetics must not be considered as a systematic science based merely on logical premises but rather as a set of intuitively attained artistic ideas that constitute or reconstitute the sensible perceptions and supersensible representations into a new whole. Kantian and Nietzschean aesthetics are both aiming to see beyond the forms of objects to provide explanations for the nobility and sublimity of human art and life. We can safely say that Kant and Nietzsche used the (...)
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  7. added 2016-05-21
    M. & O. X., n.
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  8. added 2016-05-19
    Keren Gorodeisky (2014). ’No Poetry, No Reality:’ Schlegel, Wittgenstein, Fiction and Reality. In Dalia Nassar (ed.), The Relevance of Romanticism. 163-185.
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  9. added 2016-05-13
    Hugo Halferty Drochon (2010). Introduction. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39:3.
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  10. added 2016-05-13
    Duncan Large (2010). A Note on the Term ‘Umwerthung’. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39:5.
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  11. added 2016-05-13
    Thomas H. Brobjer (2010). The Origin and Early Context of the Revaluation Theme in Nietzsche’s Thinking. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39:12.
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  12. added 2016-05-13
    Hugo Halferty Drochon (2010). The Time Is Coming When We Will Relearn Politics. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39:66.
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  13. added 2016-05-13
    Tracy B. Strong (2010). Philosophy of the Morning. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39:51.
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  14. added 2016-05-13
    Manuel Dries (2010). On the Logic of Values. Journal of Nietzsche Studies 39:30.
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  15. added 2016-05-12
    Lydia Moland (2002). Fight, Flight, or Respect? First Encounters of the Other in Kant and Hegel. History of Philosophy Quarterly 19 (4):381-400.
  16. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2015). Stumpf on Categories. In Denis Fisette & Riccardo Martinelli (eds.), Philosophy form an Empirical Standpoint. Essays on Carl Stumpf. Brill 203-227.
    Stumpf’s doctrine of the categories is of great importance for our understanding of his philosophy. This theme had been widely discussed among German thinkers after Kant; Brentano himself had repeatedly dealt with it since his early works. However, Stumpf considerably diverges from Brentano on this crucial philosophical topic. Although a systematic discussion can be found only in Stumpf’s posthumous Erkenntnislehre, his core ideas on the categories can be traced to his early work on space of 1873. In fact, Stumpf claims (...)
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  17. added 2016-05-10
    Riccardo Martinelli (2015). Part II. Themes: Introduction. In Denis Fisette & Riccardo Martinelli (eds.), Philosophy from an Empirical Standpoint. Essays on Carl Stumpf. Brill 145-149.
    An Introduction to the main themes of Carl Stumpf's Philosophy.
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  18. added 2016-05-10
    Riccardo Martinelli (2015). Part I. Historical Sources: Introduction. In Denis Fisette & Riccardo Martinelli (eds.), Philosophy from an Empirical Standpoint. Essays on Carl Stumpf. Brill 55-59.
    An Introduction to the historical sources of the philosophy of Carl Stumpf.
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  19. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2015). La Dottrina Delle Categorie Nella Erkenntnislehre di Stumpf. Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 7 (2):355-372.
    This essay aims at an analysis of Stumpf’s doctrine of categories. In Erkenntnislehre Stumpf argues that all categories empirically stem from outer and inner perception. Although Stumpf champions an empiricist explanation of the matter, he firmly rejects associationism. In his conception of the origin of categories, including substance, Stumpf builds on the assumption that human perception behaves dynamically. Sensory experience consists indeed essentially of perceptual wholes. The analysis of Stumpf’s theses is of great importance for our thorough understanding of his (...)
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  20. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2015). Part III. Influences: Introduction. In Denis Fisette & Riccardo Martinelli (eds.), Philosophy from an Empirical Standpoint. Essays on Carl Stumpf. Brill 315-319.
    An Introduction to Carl Stumpf's influences over other philosophers.
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  21. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2015). Zurück Zu Fechner? Il Neokantismo E le Sfide Della Psicologia Scientifica. Philosophical Readings 7 (2):31-48.
    This essay addresses the attitude of some leading Neo-Kantian philosophers toward scientific psychology and psychophysics. Early influential figures like Friedrich A. Lange counted Gustav T. Fechner’s psychophysical law among their allies in the rehabilitation of the Kantian standpoint. Later on, however, Neo-Kantian philosophers firmly rejected psychological measurement as a whole and harshly criticized the methods adopted by several psychologists of their time. For example, the Marburg mathematician and philosopher August Stadler reduced the validity of Fechner’s law to the mere physiological (...)
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  22. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2014). Qu’Est-Ce Que Kant Doit Être Pour Nous? Wundt Et Külpe Interprètes de L’Esthétique Transcendantale. Lexicon Philosophicum 2:213-233.
    Together with other influential psychologists of the time, Wundt considers internal data as absolute evidence, grounding psychology on this assumption. In opposition to his former mentor, Külpe aims at rehabilitating Kant’s transcendental aesthetics. Yet, he is far from embracing transcendentalism and rejects Kant’s skepticism as to the possibility of a scientific psychology. Nevertheless, Külpe believes that Kant is right in considering internal data as unreliable for scientific purposes: accordingly, psychology should share the same scientific methodology of any other science.
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  23. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2012). La filosofia tra psicologismo e antipsicologismo e la reazione a Kant. 11:447-461.
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  24. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2011). Intentionality and God’s Mind. Stumpf on Spinoza. In G.-J. Boudewijnse & S. Bonacchi (eds.), Carl Stumpf: From philosophical reflection to interdisciplinary scientific investigation. Krammer 51-67.
    In his Spinozastudien Stumpf dismisses the commonplace interpretation of Spinoza’s parallelism in psychophysical terms. Rather, he suggests to read Ethics, II, Prop. 7, as the heritage of the scholastic doctrine of intentionality. Accordingly, things are the intentional objects of God’s ideas. On this basis, Stumpf also tries to make sense of the puzzling spinozian doctrine of the infinity of God’s attributes. In support of this exegesis, Stumpf offers an interesting reconstruction of the history of intentionality from Plato and Aristotle (...)
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  25. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2010). Ehrenfels, Höfler, Witasek. Zur Musikästhetik der Grazer Schule. .
    Ehrenfels, Höfler and Witasek competently contributed to a musical aesthetics based upon the principles of the Graz school. In spite of a shared general psychological framework, they deeply differ in applying it to the aesthetics of music. A double tendency can be pointed out. Ehrenfels and Höfler enthusiastically supported Richard Wagner and vindicated the aesthetic value of his music. Accordingly, they made large use of analogies between musical and organic Gestalten. In a platonic vein, Höfler also thinks of melodies as (...)
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  26. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2009). La filosofia di un outsider. Carl Stumpf. .
    Allievo di Brentano e Lotze, maestro di Husserl e Halle e dei Gestaltisti a Berlino dove fu voluto da Dilthey, Carl Stumpf fu per oltre mezzo secolo un protagonista della filosofia accademica tedesca. Ciò nonostante, il suo ruolo nella storia della filosofia tra Ottocento e Novecento è ancora sottovalutato dalla critica. Il saggio ricostruisce le linee generali del pensiero di Stumpf sottolinenandone il costante impegno in favore di una «Rinascita della filosofia» – come recita il titolo della sua prolusione (...)
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  27. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (ed.) (2009). C. Stumpf, La rinascita della filosofia. Saggi e conferenze.
    Formatosi alla lezione di Franz Brentano e di Hermann Lotze, maestro a Halle di Edmund Husserl e in seguito, a Berlino, dei fondatori della psicologia della Gestalt – Köhler, Koffka e Wertheimer – Carl Stumpf fu uno dei massimi esponenti della filosofia del suo tempo. Filosofo dai vasti interessi, ma anche psicologo di rango, attento studioso di filosofia della musica e pioniere dell’etnomusicologia, Stumpf è una figura indubbiamente originale, il cui lungo itinerario intellettuale appare sempre più imprescindibile per comprendere l’evoluzione (...)
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  28. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2007). Psicologia o Antropologia? Alcune Oscillazioni Nella Semantica Delle Geisteswissenschaften. Fenomenologia E Società 30:60-71.
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  29. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2007). Teoria dei suoni e antropologia: la percezione musicale nella teoria della Gestalt. .
    La percezione musicale ha avuto un ruolo significativo nella storia della psicologia della Gestalt. Muovendo dalle critiche di Mach ed Ehrenfels alla dottrina elaborata da Helmholtz e dall’elaborazione teorica di Stumpf, destinata a fungere da ponte concettuale, il lavoro analizza la riflessione svoltasi in seno alla psicologia della Gestalt. Sorprendentemente, Köhler non si concentra sulle Gestalten musicali complesse, ma sulle qualità tonali più elementari, mostrandone la totale irriducibilità a fattori fisico-fisiologici. Sulla stessa linea è anche Hornbostel, il quale amplia tuttavia (...)
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  30. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2006). Meinong and Music. On Musical Objects of Higher Order. .
    Music represents a crucial issue in nineteenth-century philosophy and science. Scholars generally possessed a good musical competence and contributed to the explanation of sound perception and aesthetic enjoyment in music. Reflexions on musical psychology, in turn, influenced general theories of mind, sometimes in an impressive way. Meinong plays a remarkable role within this context. Together with Mach, Ehrenfels and Stumpf, Meinong contributed to overtake Helmholtz ’ physical-physiological theory, supporting a more comprehensive approach. He was repeatedly concerned with problems such as (...)
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  31. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2003). Descriptive Empiricism. Stumpf on Sensation and Presentation. Brentano-Studien 10:83-106.
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  32. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2002). Origine Dei Concetti E Logica Pura. Herbart, Lotze E Husserl. .
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  33. added 2016-05-10
    S. Besoli, M. Manotta & R. Martinelli (2002). Una «scienza pura della coscienza». L'ideale della psicologia in Theodor Lipps. .
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  34. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2001). Teoria dell’oggetto e psicologia: Alexius Meinong e la scuola di Graz. .
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  35. added 2016-05-10
    S. Besoli & R. Martinelli (2001). Carl Stumpf e la fenomenologia dell'esperienza immediata. .
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  36. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (2000). Astrazione e sentimento. Hans Cornelius e Theodor Lipps sulle “qualità figurali”. .
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  37. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (1999). Tremore e sensazione. Il suono nell’estetica musicale di Hegel. Intersezioni.
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  38. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (1997). La psicologia di Carl Stumpf tra fenomenologia empirica e scienza descrittiva. Teorie and Modelli 2:117-147.
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  39. added 2016-05-10
    R. Martinelli (1996). Il problema delle grandezze intensive nella filosofia dopo Kant. Rivista di Filosofia 88:445-471.
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  40. added 2016-05-09
    Arnaud Dewalque, The Rise of the Brentano School.
    In this chapter, I give a bird’s eye view of the Brentano School from a rather historical perspective. My leading hypothesis is that one crucial factor explaining the rise of the school is Brentano’s unique strategy, within the academic context of the time, to promote the revival of philosophy as a rigorous science. After a brief introduction, I reconstruct the three main phases in the school’s development, namely Brentano’s teaching in Würzburg, his teaching in Vienna, and Anton Marty’s teaching in (...)
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  41. added 2016-05-07
    Medeiros Jonas Torres (2015). Paul Ricoeur, Leitor de Freud: Contribuições da Psicanálise Ao Campo da Filosofia Hermenêutica / Paul Ricoeur, Reader of Freud: Contributions of Psychoanalysis to the Field of Hermeneutic Philosophy. Natureza Humana - Revista Internacional de Filosofia E Psicanálise 17 (1):74-107.
    This work aims to spell out clear the tensions manifested by the meeting between the project of a reflexive philosophy and psychoanalysis, from a very specific event: the publication, in 1965, of the thesis De l'interprétation: essai sur Freud by Paul Ricoeur. Our question arises from the fact that psychoanalysis has introduced one of the greatest embarrassments to the philosophies of consciousness, as it established the unconscious psychic as foundation and array of subjectivity. In contrast, Paul Ricoeur strengthens its belonging (...)
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  42. added 2016-05-03
    Olivier Massin (forthcoming). Brentano on Sensations and Sensory Qualities. In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School. Routledge
    This chapter has three sections. The first introduces Brentano’s view of sensations by presenting the intentional features of sensations irreducible to features of the sensory objects. The second presents Brentano’s view of sensory objects —which include sensory qualities— and the features of sensations that such objects allow to explain, such as their intensity. The third section presents Brentano’s approach to sensory pleasures and pains, which combines both appeal to specific modes of reference and to specific sensory qualities.
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  43. added 2016-05-03
    Olivier Massin (forthcoming). Desires, Values and Norms. In Federico Lauria & Julien Deonna (eds.), The Nature of Desire. Oxford University Press
    The thesis defended, the “guise of the ought”, is that the formal objects of desires are norms (oughts to be or oughts to do) rather than values (as the “guise of the good” thesis has it). It is impossible, in virtue of the nature of desire, to desire something without it being presented as something that ought to be or that one ought to do. This view is defended by pointing to a key distinction between values and norms: (...)
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  44. added 2016-04-29
    R. Martinelli (forthcoming). L’antropologia al bivio. Giovanni Canestrini e il significato della scienza dell’uomo. .
    Il saggio espone le tesi di Giovanni Canestrini.
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  45. added 2016-04-28
    Dennis Schulting (forthcoming). On An Older Dispute: Hegel, Pippin, and the Separability of Concept and Intuition in Kant. In Kantian Nonconceptualism. Palgrave Macmillan
    In this chapter, I am interested in how, following Hegel’s critique of Kant, recent Hegelians have interpreted Kant’s claims in the Transcendental Deduction (TD), in particular. Hegelians such as Robert Pippin think that in TD Kant effectively compromises or wavers on the strict separability between concepts and intuitions he stipulates at A51/B75. For if the argument of TD, in particular in its B-version, is that the categories are not only the necessary conditions under which I think objects, by virtue of (...)
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  46. added 2016-04-27
    Wayne M. Martin, Fichte’s Logical Legacy: Thetic Judgment From the Wissenschaftslehre to Brentano.
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  47. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (ed.) (2015). "Política, Filosofía y Literatura Hispanoamericana en el s. XIX bajo la óptica de José Gaos", en Gadea, W.F. et alii, "Virtud Política, Democracia y Gobernabilidad. Estudios sobre Filosofía Política Moderna y Contemporánea", UT, Ecuador, 2015 (ISBN 9789942087300), pp. 309-356. U. Técnica Particular de Loja.
    Para José Gaos (Asturias, 1900- México, 1969) los iniciadores del pensamiento de la decadencia221 en América habían sido los filósofos modernos americanos siguientes: el mexicano Sigüenza y Góngora, o, incluso, el ecuatoriano Peralta. Pero, lo que es seguro, es que este comienzo había tenido lugar en América, antes que en España. Sin embargo, y a pesar de esta interesante idea, el mayor representante de este pensamiento de la decadencia será el gallego Feijoo –llegándose hablar, incluso, del influjo de éste en (...)
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  48. added 2016-04-26
    Maria Brück (1933). Über Das Verhältnis Edmund Husserls Zu Franz Brentano. Triltsch.
  49. added 2016-04-25
    Christiane Bailey (2016). Le Capitalisme, les animaux et la nature chez Marx. Ithaque:60-86.
  50. added 2016-04-24
    Paul Giladi (2016). Embodied Meaning and Art as Sense-Making: A Critique of Beiser’s Interpretation of the ‘End of Art Thesis'. Journal of Aesthetics and Culture 8:http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/jac.v8.
    The aim of this paper is to challenge Fred Beiser’s interpretation of Hegel’s meta-aesthetical position on the future of art. According to Beiser, Hegel’s comments about the ‘pastness’ of art commit Hegel to viewing postromantic art as merely a form of individual self-expression. I both defend and extend to other territory Robert Pippin’s interpretation of Hegel as a proto-modernist, where such modernism involves (i) his rejection of both classicism and Kantian aesthetics, and (ii) his espousal of what one may call (...)
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