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  1. added 2014-10-22
    John Corcoran (forthcoming). Tarski’s Convention T: Condition Beta. SOUTH AMERICAN JOURNAL OF LOGIC 1 (1).
    Tarski’s Convention T—presenting his notion of adequate definition of truth (sic)—contains two conditions: alpha and beta. Alpha requires that all instances of a certain T Schema be provable. Beta requires in effect the provability of ‘every truth is a sentence’. Beta formally recognizes the fact, repeatedly emphasized by Tarski, that sentences (devoid of free variable occurrences)—as opposed to pre-sentences (having free occurrences of variables)—exhaust the range of significance of is true. In Tarski’s preferred usage, it is part of the meaning (...)
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  2. added 2014-10-22
    Serge Grigoriev (2014). PHILOSOPHY IN TRANSITION: JOHN DEWEY's “LOST” MANUSCRIPT. History and Theory 53 (3):372-386.
    The intention of this essay is to offer a reading of John Dewey’s recently found manuscript (considered lost for decades), Unmodern Philosophy and Modern Philosophy, as a kind of philosophical history leading up to the formulation of the key problems to be addressed by the general framework of Dewey’s cultural naturalism. I argue, first, that cultural naturalism has direct implications for the way that we think about history, and that Dewey’s recently recovered manuscript reflects this in its conception of the (...)
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  3. added 2014-10-19
    Felipe Ledesma (2001). El mal radical. Notas sobre la rebelión de las masas. Estudios Orteguianos 2:131-135.
    The radical evil. Notes on the revolt of masses. In his Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone, Kant speaks about a radical evil present in the human being, a tendency to place before the desire with regard to the rational duty, which is impossible to tear up by the roots from the human nature. In The revolt of the masses, Ortega also speaks about an evil that is anyway present in the so called mass-man, in each one of us, (...)
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  4. added 2014-10-17
    Richard McDonough (2014). Heidegger's Ereignis and Wittgenstein on the Genesis of Language. Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):416-431.
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  5. added 2014-10-16
    David Ellerman (forthcoming). Listen Libertarians!: A Review of John Tomasi's Free Market Fairness. [REVIEW] Conversations in Philanthropy.
    John Tomasi's new book, Free Market Fairness, has been well-received as "one of the very best philosophical treatments of libertarian thought, ever" (Tyler Cowen) and as a "long and friendly conversation between Friedrich Hayek and John Rawls—a conversation which, astonishingly, reaches agreement" (D. McCloskey). The book does present an authoritative state-of-the-debate across the spectrum from right-libertarianism on the one side to high liberalism (that shares some shades of opinion with democratic socialism) on the other side. My point is not to (...)
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  6. added 2014-10-16
    Lionel Shapiro (forthcoming). Sellars on the Function of Semantic Vocabulary. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-20.
    This paper examines two explanations Sellars gives, at successive stages of his career, of how semantic vocabulary (paradigmatically ‘means that ... ’ and ‘is true if and only if ... ’) lets us relate linguistic expressions to extra-linguistic reality. Despite their differences, both explanations reveal a distinctive pragmatist approach. According to Sellars, we do not use semantic vocabulary to describe language- world relations. Rather, our taking language to relate to the world is implicit in the moves (inferential or non-inferential) licensed (...)
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  7. added 2014-10-14
    Rick Anthony Furtak (forthcoming). Martha C. Nussbaum's Political Emotions. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-8.
    Martha Nussbaum’s new book Political Emotions is a contribution to political philosophy and, simultaneously, a moral-psychological study of the emotions. In it, she revisits some of the most prominent themes in her 2004 book Hiding from Humanity and her 2001 treatise, Upheavals of Thought. As Nussbaum points out in the opening pages of Political Emotions, one of her goals in this work is to answer a call issued by John Rawls for a “reasonable moral psychology” (9) that would be conceptually (...)
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  8. added 2014-10-14
    S. Matthew Liao (forthcoming). Human Rights as Fundamental Conditions for a Good Life. In Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo (eds.), The Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
    What grounds human rights? How do we determine that something is a genuine human right? In this paper, I offer a new answer: human beings have human rights to what I call the fundamental conditions for pursuing a good life. These are certain goods, capacities and options that human beings qua human beings need whatever else they (qua individuals) might need in order to pursue a characteristically good human life. I call this the Fundamental Conditions Approach. Among other things, I (...)
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  9. added 2014-10-14
    Christoph Jedan (2013). Towards the Postsecular : Rawls and the Limits of Secular Public Reason. In , Constellations of Value : European Perspectives on the Intersections of Religion, Politics and Society. LIT. 109-120.
    The article argues that frequently-voiced critiques of Rawls’s political liberalism have been misguided, because the ignore the extent to which Rawls takes his inspiration from a particular historical experience, namely that of the USA. The article suggests that a better model to accommodate the European historical experience would be a ‘symbolic’ presence of religion in public political argument: In a situation of world-view pluralism, politicians are well advised to show how the values and coercive laws they promote can be derived (...)
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  10. added 2014-10-14
    Gianluca Verrucci (2010). Ragion pratica e normatività. Il costruttivismo kantiano di Rawls, Korsgaard e O'Neill. Mimesis.
  11. added 2014-10-14
    Christoph Jedan (2010). Beyond the Secular? Public Reason and the Search for a Concept of Postsecular Legitimacy. In Arie L. Molendijk, Justin Beaumont & Christoph Jedan (eds.), Exploring the Postsecular : The Religious, the Political and the Urban. Brill. 311-327.
  12. added 2014-10-10
    Terence Rajivan Edward (forthcoming). From the Myth of the Given to Radical Conceptual Diversity. Organon F.
    This paper evaluates the following argument, suggested in the writings of Donald Davidson: if there is such a thing as the given, then there can be alternative conceptual schemes; there cannot be alternative conceptual schemes; therefore there is no such thing as the given.
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  13. added 2014-10-09
    Thorsten Sander (forthcoming). Freges Kriterien der Sinngleichheit. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    Frege's mature writings apparently contain two different criteria of sense identity. While in "Über Sinn und Bedeutung" (1892) and in "Kurze Übersicht meiner logischen Lehren" (1906?) he seems to advocate a psychological criterion, his letter to Husserl of December 12, 1906 offers a thoroughly logical criterion of sense identity. It is argued that the latter proposal is not a "momentary aberration", but rather Frege's official criterion; his psychological criteria only serve as a way of illustrating questions of sense identity by (...)
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  14. added 2014-09-24
    Hermann G. W. Burchard (2014). The Cognitive Gap, Neural Darwinism & Linguistic Dualism —Russell, Husserl, Heidegger & Quine. Open Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):244-264.
    Guided by key insights of the four great philosophers mentioned in the title, here, in review of and expanding on our earlier work (Burchard, 2005, 2011), we present an exposition of the role played by language, & in the broader sense, λογοζ, the Logos, in how the CNS, the brain, is running the human being. Evolution by neural Darwinism has been forcing the linguistic nature of mind, enabling it to overcome & exploit the cognitive gap between an animal and its (...)
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  15. added 2014-09-20
    Donald A. Landes (2013). Immanence, Difference, and the Overcoming of Metaphysics: A Book Encounter [Critical Notice] with Leonard Lawlor’s Early Twentieth-Century Continental Philosophy (Indiana University Press, 2012). [REVIEW] Phaenex 8 (2):360-374.
    A Book Encounter (Critical Notice) of Leonard Lawlor's Early Twentieth Century Continental Philosophy.
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  16. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Russell (1919). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 3-4. The Monist 29 (1):32-63.
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  17. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Russell (1919). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 5-6. The Monist 29 (2):190-222.
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  18. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Rusell (1919). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 7-8. The Monist 29 (3):345-380.
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  19. added 2014-09-19
    Bertrand Russell (1918). The Philosophy of Logical Atomism, Lectures 1-2. The Monist 28 (4):495-527.
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  20. added 2014-09-18
    José María Ariso (forthcoming). Learning to Believe: Challenges in Children's Acquisition of a World-Picture in Wittgenstein's On Certainty. Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-15.
    Wittgenstein scholars have tended to interpret the acquisition of certainties, and by extension, of a world-picture, as the achievement of a state in which these certainties are assimilated in a seemingly unconscious way as one masters language-games. However, it has not been stressed that the attainment of this state often involves facing a series of challenges or difficulties which must be overcome for the development of the world-picture and therefore the socialization process to be achieved. After showing, on the one (...)
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  21. added 2014-09-18
    Agnieszka Hensoldt (2014). Peirce I Wittgenstein o Życiu Znaków. Diametros 41:38-55.
    The aim of the paper is to examine some important features of Peirce's and Wittgenstein's accounts of the nature of signs. The analysis shows that there are at least four points, regarding the nature of signs, on which Peirce and Wittgenstein agree. These are: the triadic nature of signs, the presence (and the specific role) of degenerate signs in our discourses, the role of rules in the constitution of meaning, and the indispensable role of a community in creating and maintaining (...)
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  22. added 2014-09-18
    Christian Erbacher (2014). Editorial Approaches to Wittgenstein's Nachlass: Towards a Historical Appreciation. Philosophical Investigations 37 (4).
    Building on the unpublished correspondence between Ludwig Wittgenstein's literary executors Rush Rhees, Elizabeth Anscombe and Georg Henrik von Wright, this paper sketches the historical development of different editorial approaches to Wittgenstein's Nachlass. Using the metaphor of a ladder, it is possible to distinguish seven significant “rungs” or “steps” in the history of editing Wittgenstein's writings. The paper focuses particularly on the first four rungs, elucidating how Rhees, Anscombe and von Wright developed different editorial approaches that resulted in significant differences in (...)
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  23. added 2014-09-06
    C. G. Pulman (ed.) (forthcoming). Hart on Responsibility. Palgrave Macmillan.
  24. added 2014-09-04
    Thomas D. Carroll (2014). Wittgenstein Within the Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Macmillan.
    The commonly held view that Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion entails an irrationalist defense of religion known as 'fideism' loses plausibility when contrasted with recent scholarship on Wittgenstein's corpus, biography, and other sources. This book reevaluates the place of Wittgenstein in the philosophy of religion and charts a path forward for the subfield by advancing three themes. The first is that philosophers of religion should question received interpretations of philosophers, such as Wittgenstein, as well as the meanings of key terms used (...)
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  25. added 2014-08-28
    Ian Proops (forthcoming). Russellian Acquaintance Revisited. Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    In Bertrand Russell’s writings during the first two decades of the Twentieth Century there occur two rather different distinctions that involve his much-discussed, technical notion of acquaintance. The first is the distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description; the second, the distinction between knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge of truths. This article examines the nature and philosophical purpose of these two distinctions, while also tracing the evolution of Russell’s notion of acquaintance. It argues that, when he first expressly (...)
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  26. added 2014-08-20
    Catherine Rowett (2013). Plato, Wittgenstein and the Definition of Games. In Luigi Perissinotto & Begoña Ramón Cámara (eds.), Wittgenstein and Plato: connections, comparisons and contrasts. Palgrave. 196-219.
    In this paper I argue, controversially, that Plato's Meno anticipates Wittgenstein's critique of essentialism. Plato is usually read as an essentialist of the very kind that Wittgenstein was challenging, and the Meno in particular is usually taken as evidence that Plato thought that to know something you must be able to define it, and that if you can't define it you can't investigate any other questions on the topic. I suggest instead that Plato shows Socrates proposing such a position (much (...)
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  27. added 2014-08-12
    Juliet Floyd (1995). On Saying What You Really Want to Say: Wittgenstein, Gödel and the Trisection of the Angle. In Jaakko Hintikka (ed.), From Dedekind to Gödel: The Foundations of Mathematics in the Early Twentieth Century, Synthese Library Vol. 251 (Kluwer Academic Publishers. 373-426.
  28. added 2014-08-11
    Jörg Schaub (2014). The Incompleteness of Ideal Theory. Res Publica 20 (4):413-439.
    Can one give an account of a perfectly just society without invoking principles governing our responses to injustice? My claim is that addressing this question puts us in a position to reveal ambiguities and problems with the way in which Rawls draws the ideal/nonideal theory distinction that have so far gone unnoticed. In the first part of my paper, I demonstrate that Rawls’s original definition of the ideal/nonideal theory distinction is ambiguous as it is composed of two different conceptual distinctions, (...)
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  29. added 2014-08-11
    Klemen Jaklic (2014). Liberal Legitimacy and the Question of Respect. Ratio Juris 27 (3):409-439.
    In a modern pluralist society, the idea of liberal legitimacy as proposed by John Rawls offers a promising foundation for the further historic advancement of democracy. However, liberal legitimacy still seems to lack one key element—a unique type of respect at its foundations—without which such democratic advancement may not be achieved. Nor, on closer inspection, could the idea of liberal legitimacy succeed without this particular type of respect. When further refined at its foundation, arguably liberal legitimacy could open doors to (...)
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  30. added 2014-08-11
    Svein Eng (2014). Why Reflective Equilibrium? III: Reflective Equilibrium as a Heuristic Tool. Ratio Juris 27 (3):440-459.
    In A Theory of Justice (1971), John Rawls introduces the concept of “reflective equilibrium.” Although there are innumerable references to and discussions of this concept in the literature, there is, to the present author's knowledge, no discussion of the most important question: Why reflective equilibrium? In particular, the question arises: Is the method of reflective equilibrium applicable to the choice of this method itself? Rawls's drawing of parallels between Kant's moral theory and his own suggests that his concept of “reflective (...)
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  31. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2012). Dilthey and Carnap: Empiricism, Life-Philosophy, and Overcoming Metaphysics. Pli: Warwick Journal of Philosophy 23:20–49.
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  32. added 2014-08-06
    James Andow (forthcoming). How 'Intuition' Exploded. Metaphilosophy.
    Recent decades have seen a surge in interest in metaphilosophy. In particular there has been an interest in philosophical methodology. Various questions have been asked about philosophical methods. Are our methods any good? Can we improve upon them? However, prior to such evaluative and ameliorative concerns, is the matter of what methods philosophers actually use. Worryingly, our understanding of philosophical methodology is impoverished in various respects. I consider one particular respect in which we seem to be missing an important part (...)
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  33. added 2014-08-04
    Thomas Oberdan (forthcoming). Russell's Principles of Mathematics and the Revolution in Marburg Neo-Kantianism. Perspectives on Science.
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  34. added 2014-08-01
    Andreas Vrahimis (2014). Wittgenstein and the Phenomenological Movement: Reply to Monk. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (3):341-348.
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  35. added 2014-08-01
    Ryan Dawson (2014). Wittgenstein on Pure and Applied Mathematics. Synthese 191 (17):4131-4148.
    Some interpreters have ascribed to Wittgenstein the view that mathematical statements must have an application to extra-mathematical reality in order to have use and so any statements lacking extra-mathematical applicability are not meaningful (and hence not bona fide mathematical statements). Pure mathematics is then a mere signgame of questionable objectivity, undeserving of the name mathematics. These readings bring to light that, on Wittgenstein’s offered picture of mathematical statements as rules of description, it can be difficult to see the role of (...)
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  36. added 2014-08-01
    André Porto (2013). Rule-Following and Functions. O Que Nos Faz Pensar 33:95-141.
    This paper presents a new reconstruction of Wittgenstein’s famous (and controversial) rule-following arguments. Two are the novel features offered by our reconstruction. In the first place, we propose a shift of the central focus of the discussion, from the general semantics and the philosophy of mind to the philosophy of mathematics and the rejection of the notion of a function. The second new feature is positive: we argue that Wittgenstein offers us a new alternative notion of a rule (to replace (...)
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  37. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2010). Die Ethik Moritz Schlicks und die gängige Sicht logisch-empiristischer Ethik. In , Logischer Empirismus, Werte und Moral. Eine Neubewertung. Springer. 131-155.
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  38. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2010). Logischer Empirismus, Werte und Moral: Anmerkungen zur vorherrschenden Sicht. In , Logischer Empirismus, Werte und Moral. Eine Neubewertung. Springer. 9-19.
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  39. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2008). Evolution und ihre Beziehung zur Ethik in Moritz Schlicks Jugendwerk "Lebensweisheit". In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Analysen, Argumente, Ansätze. Beiträge zum 8. Internationalen Kongress der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Philosophie in Graz. Ontos. 75-83.
  40. added 2014-07-30
    Sergeiy Sandler, The Reinterpretation of Kant and the Neo-Kantians: On Bakhtin’s Pattern of Appropriation.
    Studies of the origins of Mikhail Bakhtin’s thought have tended to either follow a traditional intellectual history paradigm—where establishing the presence of an influence is taken to be a sign of Bakhtin’s identity as a thinker—or to view terminological and conceptual borrowings in Bakhtin’s work as mere veneer in which he dressed his own ideas to make them publishable or acceptable to his peers in a hostile political and intellectual environment. And while Bakhtin did absorb some genuine formative influences, and (...)
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