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  1. added 2016-04-28
    Maarten Steenhagen (forthcoming). Against Adversarial Discussion. Collingwood and British Idealism Studies.
    Why did R.G. Collingwood come to reject the adversarial style of philosophical discussion so popular among his Oxford peers? The main aim of this paper is to explain that Collingwood came to reject his colleagues’ specific style of philosophical dialogue on methodological grounds, and to show how the argument against adversarial philosophical discussion is integrated with Collingwood’s overall criticism of realist philosophy. His argument exploits a connection between method and practice that should be taken seriously even today.
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  2. added 2016-04-28
    Anna Szyrwińska (2014). Z badań nad filozofią Kanta w Szkole Lwowsko-Warszawskiej: Hersz Bad o teorii Kanta-Laplace’a. Studia Z Historii Filozofii 3:145-161.
    Hersz Bad (1869–1942) was Kazimierz Twardowski’s student and belonged to the first generation of the Lvov-Warsaw School members. He specialized in the history of philosophy and led a number of remarkable analyses concerning Kant’s philosophy. At the example of his work one may see, how the methodological postulates of the Lvov Warsaw School were fulfilled at the field of historical philosophical investigations. The goal of the paper is to present Bad’s main achievements and to evaluate their meaning from the point (...)
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  3. added 2016-04-27
    Corine Besson (forthcoming). Norms, Reasons and Reasoning: A Guide Through Lewis Carroll’s Regress Argument. In Daniel Star (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity.
  4. added 2016-04-27
    Frederique Janssen-Lauret & Gary Kemp (eds.) (2015). Quine and His Place in History. Palgrave.
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  5. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (ed.) (2016). "Rof Carballo y la Escuela de Madrid", en Piñas Mesa, A. (ed.), "Psicosomática, Medicina y Filosofìa. Humanidades Médicas en torno a J. Rof Carballo", ECUADOR-ESPAÑA, Instituto de Humanidades-CEU San Pablo/ UTPL/ASOCIACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DE MEDICINA PSICOSOMÁTICA, 2015, pp. 211-236. AsociaciónEspañoladeMedicinaPsicosomática/CEU San Pablo (Instituto de Humanidades)/Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.
    EStudio del contexto del médico filósofo Juan Rof Carballo, la Escuela de Madrid.
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  6. added 2016-04-26
    Frederique Janssen-Lauret (2015). Meta-Ontology, Naturalism, and The Quine-Barcan Marcus Debate. In Frederique Janssen-Lauret & Gary Kemp (eds.), Quine and His Place in History. Palgrave 146-167..
    Twenty-first century critics frequently misread Quinean ontological commitment as a toothless doctrine of anti-metaphysical pragmatism. Janssen-Lauret's historical investigations reveal that they misinterpret the influence of Quine's naturalism. His naturalistic view of philosophy as continuous with science informs a much more interesting conception of ontological commitments as generated by indispensable explanatory roles. But Janssen-Lauret uncovers a previously undetected weakness in Quine's meta-ontology. Careful examination of his debate with another naturalistic nominalist, Ruth Barcan Marcus, reveals that his holism leaves him blind to (...)
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  7. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (ed.) (2015). "José Gaos y el Seminario de Pensamiento en Lengua Española (UNAM). El caso de las mujeres filósofas", en AA.VV., "Pautas. Filosofía contemporánea de España y América" (Serie Entre Europa y América, III), UTPL, 2015, pp. 307-328. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.
    José Gaos (Asturias, 1900- México D.F. 1969) creó el <<Seminario para el estudio del pensamiento en los países de lengua española>> en El Colegio de México en 1941. En el verano de 1938, este filósofo español que había salido de España, llegaba a México. Ha sido José Luis Abellán quien ha señalado que la tarea de este Seminario del pensamiento en lengua española, que llevó Gaos a cabo en “El Colegio de México”, constituía una pieza clave en los estudios sobre (...)
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  8. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito & Antonio Piñas Mesa (2014). "La persona como horizonte interior en la filosofía de Manuel Mindán" Revista <Metafísica y Persona. Revista de Filosofía>, U. MÁLAGA - U. AUTÓNOMA POPULAR DEL ESTADO DE PUEBLA (México), 2014. (ISSN 2007 9699. Co-autoría: Antonio Piñas Mesa), pp. 37-49. Revista METAFÍSICA Y PERSONA (U.Málaga, España/UPAEP, México) 6 (12):37-49.
    Las personas somos absolutamente diferentes de las cosas, no cabe ninguna duda al respecto. No obstante, sí debemos diferenciar nítidamente entre los individuos y el concepto de “persona”. Así pues, la persona posee un “horizonte interior”, absolutamente novedoso y que le caracteriza como ser en aproximación a la Verdad y a la Libertad, las cuales no sólo son específicas del propio humano, sino que le son necesarias en cuanto remedios contra la desolación y la tiranía. Asimismo, una sociedad puede ser (...)
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  9. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Árévalo Benito (ed.) (2014). "El lugar la utopía americana según José Gaos" , en Arévalo, H., Bolado, G. (UNED) y LaRubia, F. (GEORGETOWN Univ.): "ENTRE EUROPA Y AMÉRICA (I): ESTUDIOS DE FILOSOFÍA CONTEMPORÁNEA EN LENGUA ESPAÑOLA", UTPL, 2014, pp. 209-251. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.
    Descripción del pensamiento del asturiano, exiliado en México, José Gaos (1900-1969), con especial atención a su concepción del "pensamiento hispanoamericano" escrito en lengua española.
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  10. added 2016-04-26
    Christoph Baumberger (2014). Gebaute Zeichen. Zu den Bedeutungsweisen von Bauwerken. In Jörg H. Gleiter (ed.), Symptom Design. Vom Zeigen und Sich-Zeigen der Dinge. Transkript 93-113.
    Architekturkritiker und -historiker verwenden eine Vielzahl von Ausdrücken, um anzugeben, was Bauwerke bedeuten. Es ist beispielsweise die Rede davon, dass sie etwas ausdrücken, repräsentieren, zitieren, manifestieren, darstellen oder aussagen; man kann von Gebäuden lesen, die mehrdeutig sind, als Metaphern fungieren oder auf etwas anspielen. In diesem Aufsatz frage ich, wie Bauwerke bedeuten können, um die Grundzüge einer Theorie der Bedeutungsweisen von Bauwerken und ihren Teilen vorzustellen, die als Rahmen für Einzelanalysen und historische Untersuchungen verwendet werden kann. Anstatt die meist unklaren (...)
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  11. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (2013). "Filosofía y Vida. Debate sobre José Gaos", Sergio Sevilla y F. Vázquez, Editorial S. XXI (Colección: "Pensar en Español"), en Revista de AHF, Madrid, FONDO DE CULTURA ECONÓMICA/UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID, 2013 (Res.), pp. 313-315. [REVIEW] Revista de Hispanismo Filosófico 18:313-315.
    Hace tres años que la Facultat de Filosofia i Ciències de l’Educació de la Universitat de València acogió las II Jornadas Internacionales sobre la obra filosófica de José Gaos. Concretamente, el acontecimiento transcurrió durante los días 11, 12 y 13 de Mayo, y como consecuencia de tales jornadas —reseñadas éstas en un número anterior de la Revista—, no sólo ha aumentado el interés por la obra de nuestro asturiano universal José Gaos (1900-1969), sino que debemos agradecer a la excelente editorial (...)
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  12. added 2016-04-25
    T. Bailey (forthcoming). Book Review: John Rawls and Christian Social Engagement: Justice as Unfairness, Edited by Anthony B. Bradley and Greg Forster. [REVIEW] Political Theory.
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  13. added 2016-04-25
    Frank I. Michelman (forthcoming). A Constitutional Horizon? Philosophy and Social Criticism:0191453716628923.
    In The Democratic Horizon: Hyperpluralism and the Renewal of Political Liberalism, Alessandro Ferrara seeks a philosophical breakthrough from what looks like it could be a pending dead-end for democracy. The best hope, Ferrara superbly maintains, lies through an extension or updating – a ‘renewal’, as he calls it – of lines of thought bequeathed to us, by John Rawls and others, under the name of political liberalism. Somewhere near the crux of Ferrara’s reflection stands a class of institutional fixtures whose (...)
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  14. added 2016-04-25
    Brian Leiter (forthcoming). Reply to Five Critics of Why Tolerate Religion? Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-12.
    This is my contribution to a symposium on my book Why Tolerate Religion?, in which I respond to essays by François Boucher and Cécile Laborde, Frederick Schauer, Corey Brettschneider, and Peter Jones. I clarify and revise my view of the sense in which some religious beliefs are “insulated from reasons and evidence” in response to the criticisms of Boucher and Laborde, but take issue with other aspects of their critique. I defend most of my original argument against utilitarian and egalitarian (...)
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  15. added 2016-04-25
    Faik Kurtulmus & Gürol Irzik (forthcoming). Justice in the Distribution of Knowledge. Episteme:1-18.
    In this article we develop an account of justice in the distribution of knowledge. We first argue that knowledge is a fundamental interest that grounds claims of justice due to its role in individuals’ deliberations about the common good, their personal good and the pursuit thereof. Second, we identify the epistemic basic structure of a society, namely, the institutions that determine individuals’ opportunities for acquiring knowledge and discuss what justice requires of them. Our main contention is that a systematic lack (...)
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  16. added 2016-04-25
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Distributive Justice as a Matter of Love: A Relational Approach to Liberty and Property. In Ingolf Dalferth (ed.), Love and Justice (Claremont Studies in Philosophy of Religion). Mohr Siebeck
    Usually a relational approach, such as one appealing to care or love, is contrasted with an account of justice. In this chapter, however, I argue that distributive justice is well conceived as itself a matter of honouring people in virtue of their capacity to love and to be loved. After spelling out a familiar conception of love, I explain how treating people with respect in light of this capacity provides a plausible basis for human rights, one that rivals influential individualist (...)
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  17. added 2016-04-25
    Kimberley Brownlee (forthcoming). The Civil Disobedience of Edward Snowden A Reply to William Scheuerman. Philosophy and Social Criticism:0191453716631167.
    This article responds to William Scheuerman’s analysis of Edward Snowden as someone whose acts fit within John Rawls’ account of civil disobedience understood as a public, non-violent, conscientious breach of law performed with overall fidelity to law and a willingness to accept punishment. It rejects the narrow Rawlsian notion in favour of a broader notion of civil disobedience understood as a constrained, conscientious and communicative breach of law that demonstrates opposition to law or policy and a desire for (...)
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  18. added 2016-04-25
    Danielle Petherbridge (forthcoming). Between Thinking and Action Arendt on Conscience and Civil Disobedience. Philosophy and Social Criticism:0191453716631170.
    Within contemporary debates on civil disobedience, Hannah Arendt’s work offers an alternative to both moral and legal approaches by offering a political view of disobedience based on what she terms a principle of dissent at the heart of constitutional democracies. In this sense, she separates disobedience from the moral claims of individual conscience as well as the restrictions imposed by legalistic conceptions. In this article, I first consider Arendt’s views on conscience and the arguments she makes for (...)
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  19. added 2016-04-25
    George Lucas (2017). Ethics and Cyber Warfare: The Quest for Responsible Security in the Age of Digital Warfare. Oxford University Press Usa.
    From North Korea's recent attacks on Sony to perpetual news reports of successful hackings and criminal theft, cyber conflict has emerged as a major topic of public concern. Yet even as attacks on military, civilian, and commercial targets have escalated, there is not yet a clear set of ethical guidelines that apply to cyber warfare. Indeed, like terrorism, cyber warfare is commonly believed to be a war without rules. Given the prevalence cyber warfare, developing a practical moral code for this (...)
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  20. added 2016-04-25
    Lucas Viana Silva (2016). A objetividade dos juízos morais na teoria ética de John Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):54-63.
    Trata do caráter objetivo dos juízos morais a partir da proposta ética de John Rawls. Inicialmente, apresenta a discussão acerca da objetividade dos juízos morais como uma questão relevante do discurso metaético contemporâneo. Em seguida, apresenta o equilíbrio reflexivo, ponto de sustentação dos juízos morais na teoria ética de John Rawls, como procedimento adequado no estabelecimento das bases para uma sociedade bem ordenada. Por fim, explicita como o equilíbrio reflexivo pode garantir objetividade aos juízos e à normatividade morais, sem recorrer (...)
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  21. added 2016-04-25
    Marcus Arvan (2016). Rightness as Fairness: A Moral and Political Theory. Palgrave MacMillan.
    This book argues that moral philosophy should be based on seven scientific principles of theory selection. It then argues that a new moral theory—Rightness as Fairness—satisfies those principles more successfully than existing theories. Chapter 1 explicates the seven principles of theory-selection, arguing that moral philosophy must conform them to be truth-apt. Chapter 2 argues those principles jointly support founding moral philosophy in known facts of empirical moral psychology: specifically, our capacities for mental time-travel and modal imagination. Chapter 2 then shows (...)
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  22. added 2016-04-25
    David Svolba (2016). Is There a Rawlsian Argument for Animal Rights? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-12.
    Mark Rowlands defends a Rawlsian argument for animal rights, according to which animals have rights because we would assign them rights when deciding on the principles of morality from behind a veil of ignorance. Rowlands’s argument depends on a non-standard interpretation of the veil of ignorance, according to which we cannot know whether we are human or non-human on the other side of the veil. Rowlands claims that his interpretation of the veil is more consistent with a core commitment of (...)
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  23. added 2016-04-25
    Leigh E. Rich (2016). “Born Like This / Into This”: Tuberculosis, Justice, and Futuristic Dinosaurs. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (1):1-5.
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  24. added 2016-04-25
    Weston Ellis, Convergence in Wide-Reflective Equilibrium: An Indicator for Objective Moral Truth?
    How do we arrive at a set of moral beliefs that is accurate? John Rawls’s answer to this question is the method of wide-reflective equilibrium. Wide-reflective equilibrium is the process where an individual compares moral judgements about particular cases, moral principles, and moral theories to pick and choose a set that is coherent. It is unlikely that after an individual has completed wide-reflective equilibrium that they have found an objective moral truth, as there are a multitude of different coherent ethical (...)
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  25. added 2016-04-25
    Jon Mandle & David A. Reidy (eds.) (2015). The Cambridge Rawls Lexicon. Cambridge University Press.
    John Rawls is widely regarded as one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century, and his work has permanently shaped the nature and terms of moral and political philosophy, deploying a robust and specialized vocabulary that reaches beyond philosophy to political science, economics, sociology, and law. This volume is a complete and accessible guide to Rawls' vocabulary, with over 200 alphabetical encyclopaedic entries written by the world's leading Rawls scholars. From 'basic structure' to 'burdened society', from 'Sidgwick' to (...)
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  26. added 2016-04-25
    Eric Brandstedt (2015). The Circumstances of Intergenerational Justice. Moral Philosophy and Politics 2 (1):33-56.
    Some key political challenges today, e.g. climate change, are future oriented. The intergenerational setting differs in some notable ways from the intragenerational one, creating obstacles to theorizing about intergenerational justice. One concern is that as the circumstances of justice do not pertain intergenerationally, intergenerational justice is not meaningful. In this paper, I scrutinize this worry by analysing the presentations of the doctrine of the circumstances of justice by David Hume and John Rawls. I argue that we should accept the upshot (...)
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  27. added 2016-04-25
    James Farr & David Lay Williams (eds.) (2015). The General Will: The Evolution of a Concept. Cambridge University Press.
    Although it originated in theological debates, the general will ultimately became one of the most celebrated and denigrated concepts emerging from early modern political thought. Jean-Jacques Rousseau made it the central element of his political theory, and it took on a life of its own during the French Revolution, before being subjected to generations of embrace or opprobrium. James Farr and David Lay Williams have collected for the first time a set of essays that track the evolving history of (...)
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  28. added 2016-04-25
    Timothy Hinton (ed.) (2015). The Original Position. Cambridge University Press.
    At the centre of John Rawls's political philosophy is one of the most influential thought experiments of the twentieth century: which principles of justice would a group of individuals choose to regulate their society if they were deprived of any information about themselves that might bias their choice? In this collection of new essays, leading political philosophers examine the ramifications and continued relevance of Rawls's idea. Their chapters explore topics including the place of the original position in rational choice theory, (...)
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  29. added 2016-04-25
    Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) (2015). Liberalism: Old and New: Volume 24, Part 1. Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, thirteen prominent philosophers and political scientists address the nature of liberalism, its origins, and its meaning and proper interpretation. Some essays examine the writings of liberalism's earliest defenders, like John Locke and Adam Smith, or the influence of classical liberalism on the American founders. Some focus on the Progressive movement and the rise of the administrative state, while others defend particular conceptions of liberalism or examine liberal theories of justice, including those of John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (...)
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  30. added 2016-04-25
    Mateus Salvadori (2015). Justiça, Equidade e Liberalismo em Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):1-20.
    A teoria da justiça proposta por John Rawls investiga a estrutura básica da sociedade, tendo como base a justiça política, a justiça pública e a justiça distributiva. Rawls propõe uma teoria que representa uma alternativa ao utilitarismo, pois para o autor os direitos não deverão estar sujeitos à negociações políticas ou sujeitos ao cálculo de interesses sociais. É através do contrato social que Rawls busca apresentar a relação entre justiça, equidade e liberalismo político.: The theory of justice proposed by John (...)
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  31. added 2016-04-25
    Viturino Ribeiro da Silva (2015). A crítica de Michael Sandel à concepção de pessoa em John Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):21-33.
    Neste artigo pretendo apresentar a crítica de Michael Sandel à concepção de pessoa na filosofia política de John Rawls. Para tanto, é preciso descrever, em linhas gerais, a descrição rawlsiana das partes na posição original. Esta descrição, segundo Sandel, pressupõe uma concepção metafísica de pessoa na medida em que apresenta o “eu anterior a seus fins”, ou seja, um “eu distinto dos fins que possui”, mas que detém a posse de tais fins. Sandel argumenta que o “eu”, pensado desta (...)
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  32. added 2016-04-25
    Fabio Alves Gomes de Oliveira & Jacqueline de Souza Gomes (2014). O conceito de igualdade na filosofia política contempor'nea: Um debate entre Rawls, Dworkin e Amartya Sen. Revista de Filosofia Moderna E Contemporânea 1 (2):254-291.
    Uma das questões mais interessantes do debate contemporâneo sobre a justiça, no âmbito da teoria política normativa, diz respeito sobre qual foco deveria ocupar a posição central de uma visão igualitarista: igualdade baseada em satisfação de necessidades básicas, bens primários como propõe Rawls, igualdade de recursos como defende Dworkin ou, como quer Amartya Sen, igualdade de capacidades? Com o que, afinal, os igualitaristas deveriam se preocupar? Este trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar criticamente essas três perspectivas.
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  33. added 2016-04-25
    Lawrence Torcello (2014). On the Virtues of Inhospitality: Toward an Ethics of Public Reason and Critical Engagement. Philo 17 (1).
    This article seeks to re-conceptualize Rawlsian public reason as a critical tool against ideological propaganda. The article proposes that public reason, as a standard for public discourse, must be conceptualized beyond its mandate for comprehensive neutrality to additionally emphasize critique of ideologically driven ignorance and propaganda in the public realm. I connect uncritical hospitality to such ideological propaganda with Harry Frankfurt’s concept of bullshit. This paper proposes that philosophers have a unique moral obligation to engage bullshit critically (...)
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  34. added 2016-04-25
    Saba Fatima (2014). Liberalism and the Muslim American Predicament. Social Theory and Practice 40 (4):591-608.
    The underlying objective of this project is to examine the ways in which the exclusionary status of Muslim-Americans remains unchallenged within John Rawls’ version of political liberalism. Toward this end, I argue that the stipulation of genuine belief in what is reasonably accessible to others in our society is an unreasonable expectation from minorities, given our awareness of how we are perceived by others. Second, using the work of Lisa Schwartzman, I show that Rawls’ reliance on abstraction of closed society (...)
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  35. added 2016-04-25
    Stan van Hooft (2014). Cosmopolitanism: A Philosophy for Global Ethics. Routledge.
    Cosmopolitanism is a demanding and contentious moral position. It urges us to embrace the whole world into our moral concerns and to apply the standards of impartiality and equity across boundaries of nationality, race, religion or gender in a way that would have been unheard of even fifty years ago. It suggests a range of virtues which the cosmopolitan individual should display: virtues such as tolerance, justice, pity, righteous indignation at injustice, generosity toward the poor and starving, care for the (...)
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  36. added 2016-04-25
    Catherine Audard (2014). John Rawls. Routledge.
    John Rawls is one of the most influential thinkers of the twentieth century. Contemporary political philosophy has been reshaped by his seminal ideas and most current work in the discipline is a response to them. This book introduces his central ideas and examines their contribution to contemporary political thought. In the first part of the book Catherine Audard focuses on Rawls' conception of political and social justice and its justification as presented in his groundbreaking A Theory of Justice. This includes (...)
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  37. added 2016-04-25
    Francisco Jozivan Guedes de Lima (2013). A ideia de uma sociedade de povos bem-ordenados segundo John Rawls. Sofia 3 (1).
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  38. added 2016-04-25
    John Mikhail (2013). Elements of Moral Cognition: Rawls' Linguistic Analogy and the Cognitive Science of Moral and Legal Judgment. Cambridge University Press.
    Is the science of moral cognition usefully modelled on aspects of Universal Grammar? Are human beings born with an innate 'moral grammar' that causes them to analyse human action in terms of its moral structure, with just as little awareness as they analyse human speech in terms of its grammatical structure? Questions like these have been at the forefront of moral psychology ever since John Mikhail revived them in his influential work on the linguistic analogy and its implications for jurisprudence (...)
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  39. added 2016-04-25
    John Rawls & Andrei Korbut (2013). Two Concepts of Rules. Russian Sociological Review 12 (2):16-40.
    In his famous paper John Rawls outlines a version of utilitarianism that takes into account the existing criticism of the utilitarian approach. Author shows that the traditional objections expressed in relation to two test cases of utilitarianism — punishment and promise-keeping — are based on the misunderstanding of utilitarian position, because they don’t make a distinction between justifying a practice and justifying a particular action falling under it. In the case of punishment, there two justifications of it: the retributive view (...)
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  40. added 2016-04-25
    Robin S. Dillon (ed.) (2013). Dignity, Character and Self-Respect. Routledge.
    This is the first anthology to bring together a selection of the most important contemporary philosophical essays on the nature and moral significance of self-respect. Representing a diversity of views, the essays illustrate the complexity of self-respect and explore its connections to such topics as personhood, dignity, rights, character, autonomy, integrity, identity, shame, justice, oppression and empowerment. The book demonstrates that self-respect is a formidable concern which goes to the very heart of both moral theory and moral life. _Contributors:_ Bernard (...)
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  41. added 2016-04-25
    Louis-Philippe Hodgson (2013). Why the Basic Structure? Canadian Journal of Philosophy 42 (3):303-334.
    John Rawls famously holds that the basic structure is the 'primary subject of justice.'1 By this, he means that his two principles of justice apply only to a society's major political and social institutions, including chiefly the constitution, the economic and legal systems, and the family structure.2 This thesis — call it the basic structure restriction — entails that the celebrated difference principle has a narrower scope than one might have expected. It doesn't apply (...)
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  42. added 2016-04-25
    Harry Brighouse & Ingrid Robeyns (eds.) (2012). Measuring Justice: Primary Goods and Capabilities. Cambridge University Press.
    This book brings together a team of leading theorists to address the question 'What is the right measure of justice?' Some contributors, following Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, argue that we should focus on capabilities, or what people are able to do and to be. Others, following John Rawls, argue for focussing on social primary goods, the goods which society produces and which people can use. Still others see both views as incomplete and complementary to one another. Their essays evaluate (...)
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  43. added 2016-04-25
    Daniel Finn (2012). The Moral Ecology of Markets: Assessing Claims About Markets and Justice. Cambridge University Press.
    Disagreements about the morality of markets, and about self-interested behavior within markets, run deep. They arise from perspectives within economics and political philosophy that appear to have nothing in common. In this book, Daniel Finn provides a framework for understanding these conflicting points of view. Recounting the arguments for and against markets and self-interest, he argues that every economy must address four fundamental problems: allocation, distribution, scale, and the quality of relations. In addition, every perspective on the morality of markets (...)
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  44. added 2016-04-25
    John Mikhail (2012). Elements of Moral Cognition: Rawls' Linguistic Analogy and the Cognitive Science of Moral and Legal Judgment. Cambridge University Press.
    Is the science of moral cognition usefully modelled on aspects of Universal Grammar? Are human beings born with an innate 'moral grammar' that causes them to analyse human action in terms of its moral structure, with just as little awareness as they analyse human speech in terms of its grammatical structure? Questions like these have been at the forefront of moral psychology ever since John Mikhail revived them in his influential work on the linguistic analogy and its implications for jurisprudence (...)
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  45. added 2016-04-25
    Catherine H. Zuckert (ed.) (2012). Political Philosophy in the Twentieth Century: Authors and Arguments. Cambridge University Press.
    This book demonstrates the rich diversity and depth of political philosophy in the twentieth century. Catherine H. Zuckert has compiled a collection of essays recounting the lives of political theorists, connecting each biography with the theorist's life work and explaining the significance of the contribution to modern political thought. The essays are organized to highlight the major political alternatives and approaches. Beginning with essays on John Dewey, Carl Schmitt and Antonio Gramsci, representing the three main political alternatives - liberal, (...)
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  46. added 2016-04-25
    Jon Mandle (2012). Rawls's 'a Theory of Justice': An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
    A Theory of Justice, by John Rawls, is widely regarded as the most important twentieth-century work of Anglo-American political philosophy. It transformed the field by offering a compelling alternative to the dominant utilitarian conception of social justice. The argument for this alternative is, however, complicated and often confusing. In this book Jon Mandle carefully reconstructs Rawls's argument, showing that the most common interpretations of it are often mistaken. For example, Rawls does not endorse welfare-state capitalism, and he is not a (...)
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  47. added 2016-04-25
    Onora O'Neill (2012). Constructions of Reason: Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
    Two centuries after they were published, Kant's ethical writings are as much admired and imitated as they have ever been, yet serious and long-standing accusations of internal incoherence remain unresolved. Onora O'Neill traces the alleged incoherences to attempt to assimilate Kant's ethical writings to modern conceptions of rationality, action and rights. When the temptation to assimilate is resisted, a strikingly different and more cohesive account of reason and morality emerges. Kant offers a `constructivist' vindication of reason and a moral (...)
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  48. added 2016-04-25
    Bart Schultz (ed.) (2012). Essays on Henry Sidgwick. Cambridge University Press.
    The dominant moral philosophy of nineteenth-century Britain was utilitarianism, beginning with Bentham and ending with Sidgwick. Though once overshadowed by his immediate predecessors in that tradition, Sidgwick is now regarded as a figure of great importance in the history of moral philosophy. Indeed his masterpiece, The Methods of Ethics, has been described by John Rawls as the 'most philosophically profound' of the classical utilitarian works. In this volume a distinguished group of philosophers reassesses the full range of Sidgwick's work, not (...)
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  49. added 2016-04-25
    A. Botwinick (2012). Liberal Democracy, Negative Theory, and Circularity: Plato and John Rawls. Télos 2012 (161):29-50.
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  50. added 2016-04-25
    Michael Otsuka (ed.) (2011). On the Currency of Egalitarian Justice, and Other Essays in Political Philosophy. Princeton University Press.
    G. A. Cohen was one of the most gifted, influential, and progressive voices in contemporary political philosophy. At the time of his death in 2009, he had plans to bring together a number of his most significant papers. This is the first of three volumes to realize those plans. Drawing on three decades of work, it contains previously uncollected articles that have shaped many of the central debates in political philosophy, as well as papers published here for the first time. (...)
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