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  1. added 2016-12-03
    Georges Canguilhem (1966). Qu'est-ce que la psychologie? Cahiers Pour l'Analyse 2.
    La question “Qu'est-ce que la psychologie?” semble plus gênante pour tout psychologue que ne l'est, pour tout philosophe, la question “Qu'est-ce que la philosophie?”. Car pour la philosophie, la question de son sens et de son essence la constitue, bien plus que ne la définit une réponse à cette question. Le fait que la question renaisse incessamment, faute de réponse satisfaisante, est, pour qui voudrait pouvoir se dire philosophe, une raison d'humilité et non une cause d'humiliation. Mais pour la psychologie, (...)
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  2. added 2016-12-02
    Anil Gomes (forthcoming). Unity, Objectivity, and the Passivity of Experience. European Journal of Philosophy.
    In the section ‘Unity and Objectivity’ of The Bounds of Sense, P.F. Strawson argues for the thesis that unity of consciousness requires experience of an objective world. My aim in this essay is to evaluate this claim. In the first and second parts of the essay, I explicate Strawson’s thesis, reconstruct his argument, and identify the point at which the argument fails. Strawson’s discussion nevertheless raises an important question: are there ways in which we must think of our experiences if (...)
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  3. added 2016-12-02
    Jared Warren (2016). Internal and External Questions Revisited. Journal of Philosophy 113 (4):177-209.
    Rudolf Carnap famously distinguished between the external meanings that existence questions have when asked by philosophers and the internal meanings they have when asked by non-philosophers. Carnap’s overall position involved various controversial commitments, but relatively uncontroversial interpretative principles also lead to a Carnap-style distinction between internal and external questions. In section 1 of this paper I offer arguments for such a distinction in several particular cases; in section 2 I defend my arguments from numerous objections and motivate them by using (...)
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  4. added 2016-11-28
    Willem deVries (2016). Hegelian Spirits in Sellarsian Bottles. Philosophical Studies:1-12.
    Though Wilfrid Sellars portrayed himself as a latter-day Kantian, I argue here that he was at least as much a Hegelian. Several themes Sellars shares with Hegel are investigated: the sociality and normativity of the intentional, categorial change, the rejection of the given, and especially their denial of an unknowable thing-in-itself. They are also united by an emphasis on the unity of things—the belief that things do ‘‘hang together.’’ Hegel’s unity is idealist; Sellars’ is physicalist; the differences are substantial, but (...)
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  5. added 2016-11-23
    Italo Testa (forthcoming). The Authority of Life. The Critical Task of Dewey's Social Ontology. Journal of Speculative Philosophy.
    In this paper I will first reconstruct a Deweyan model of social ontology, based on the process of habituation. Habit ontology leads to a social philosophy which is not merely descriptive, since it implies a critical re-description of the social world. I will argue that a habit-modeled social ontology is critical insofar as it includes an account of social transformation and of the inevitability of social conflict. Such an understanding is based on a diagnosis of social pathologies of our life (...)
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  6. added 2016-11-23
    Italo Testa (forthcoming). Dewey’s Social Ontology: A Pragmatist Alternative to Searle’s Approach to Social Reality. International Journal of Philosophical Studies.
    Dewey’s social ontology could be characterized as a habit ontology, an ontology of habit qua second nature that offers us an account of intentionality, social statuses, institutions, and norms in terms of habituations. Such an account offers us a promising alternative to contemporary intentionalist and deontic approaches to social ontology such as Searle’s. Furthermore, it could be the basis of a social ontology better suited to explain both the maintenance and the transformation of social reality. In the first part I (...)
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  7. added 2016-11-20
    Philip Kucharczyk, The Dilemmatic After the Dogmas.
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  8. added 2016-11-19
    Danielle Macbeth, Wilfrid Sellars, Willem A. deVries & Timm Triplett (2002). Knowledge, Mind, and the Given: Reading Wilfrid Sellars's "Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind," Including the Complete Text of Sellars's Essay. Philosophical Review 111 (2):281.
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  9. added 2016-11-17
    Martin Müller, Liberale Ironie Als Antwort Auf den Fundamentalismus - Der Gesellschaftliche „Cash Value“ von Richard Rortys Pragmatischen Liberalismus.
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  10. added 2016-11-17
    Martin Müller, Robuste Gelassenheit in Zeiten des Fundamentalismus - Zur Aktualität von Richard Rortys religionspolitischem Pragmatismus.
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  11. added 2016-11-17
    Martin Müller, Pragmatic Irony in Times of Terror - The Political Cash Value of Richard Rortys Pragmatic Liberalism.
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  12. added 2016-11-17
    Martin Müller (2014). Rortys begründungstheoretische Verbindung von Utopie und Ironie in Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität. In Thomas Schölderle (ed.), Idealstaat oder Gedankenexperiment? Zum Staatsverständnis in den klassischen Utopien. Nomos 287-304.
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  13. added 2016-11-17
    Martin Mueller (2014). Private Romantik, öffentlicher Pragmatismus? Richard Rortys transformative Neubeschreibung des Liberalismus. Transcript.
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  14. added 2016-11-17
    Martin Müller (2012). Wir liberalen Ironiker? Richard Rortys transformative Begründungsutopie. In Bernhard Schreyer & Ralf Walkenhaus (eds.), Ideen - Macht - Utopie. Festschrift für Ulrich Weiß zum 65. Geburtstag. Ergon 403-419.
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  15. added 2016-11-16
    Adam Tamas Tuboly (forthcoming). The Limits and Basis of Logical Tolerance: Carnap’s Combination of Russell and Wittgenstein. In Peter Stone (ed.), Bertrand Russell: Life and Legacy. Vernon Press
  16. added 2016-11-09
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (2016). "La temprana formación literaria del joven José Gaos en Valencia (1915-19)". Quaderns de Filosofia I Ciència, VOL III, NÚM 2. (2016): 11-36 (ISSN: 2341-1414):11-36.
    This paper studies in detail about the early years of José Gaos (1900- 1969) and his education in philosophy and literature. Therefore, we know that their studies (academic or not) were not purely “philosophical” in 1915. Literature and philosophy played in Gaos an equally important role. The first real encounter with philosophy happens before he comes to Valencia in 1915; but in this year Gaos also receives a strong education, in aesthetic and literary, through press and philosophical journals, and especially (...)
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  17. added 2016-11-09
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (2016). "La temprana formación literaria del joven José Gaos en Valencia (1915-1919)". Quaderns de Filosofia i Ciència:11-16.
    This paper studies in detail about the early years of José Gaos (1900- 1969) and his education in philosophy and literature. Therefore, we know that their studies (academic or not) were not purely “philosophical” in 1915. Literature and philosophy played in Gaos an equally important role. The first real encounter with philosophy happens before he comes to Valencia in 1915; but in this year Gaos also receives a strong education, in aesthetic and literary, through press and philosophical journals, and especially (...)
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  18. added 2016-11-09
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (2016). "La temprana formación literaria del joven José Gaos en Valencia (1915-1919)". Quaderns de Filosofia i Ciència:11-16.
    This paper studies in detail about the early years of José Gaos (1900- 1969) and his education in philosophy and literature. Therefore, we know that their studies (academic or not) were not purely “philosophical” in 1915. Literature and philosophy played in Gaos an equally important role. The first real encounter with philosophy happens before he comes to Valencia in 1915; but in this year Gaos also receives a strong education, in aesthetic and literary, through press and philosophical journals, and especially (...)
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  19. added 2016-11-09
    Francesco Tampoia (2005). Philosophers and Europe: M. Heidegger, G. Gadamer, J. Derrida. In Centro de Estudios Europeos Actas VII Congreso ‘Cultura Europea’ Cizur Menor, Navarra: Thomson / Aranzadi 2005. Cizur Menor, Navarra: Thomson / Aranzadi 2005.
    In the 20th century among the greatest philosophers and literates there was an ample, ideal, wide ranging forum on the question of Europe to which, following a run already started by F. Nietzsche, M. Heidegger, E. Husserl, P. Valéry, Ortega y Gasset, Nikolaj Berdjaev, and after the second world war G. Gadamer, J. Habermas, J. Derrida and others offered meaningful contributions. The questions were: What will be of the spirit of Europe? What will be of Europe? Europe: quo vadis? The (...)
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  20. added 2016-11-08
    Nikolay Milkov (forthcoming). The 1900 Turn in Bertrand Russell’s Logic, the Emergence of His Paradox, and the Way Out. Siegener Beiträge Zur Geschichte Und Philosophie der Mathematik 7.
    Russell’s initial project in philosophy (1898) was to make mathematics rigorous reducing it to logic. Before August 1900, however, Russell’s logic was nothing but mereology. First, his acquaintance with Peano’s ideas in August 1900 led him to discard the part-whole logic and accept a kind of intensional predicate logic instead. Among other things, the predicate logic helped Russell embrace a technique of treating the paradox of infinite numbers with the help of a singular concept, which he called ‘denoting phrase’. Unfortunately, (...)
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  21. added 2016-11-06
    Michael R. Starks, The Logical Structure of Philosophy, Psychology, Mind and Language as Revealed in the Writings of Ludwig Wittgenstein and John Searle.
    I provide a critical survey of some of the major findings of Wittgenstein and Searle on the logical structure of intentionality (mind, language, behavior), taking as my starting point Wittgenstein’s fundamental discovery –that all truly ‘philosophical’ problems are the same—confusions about how to use language in a particular context, and so all solutions are the same—looking at how language can be used in the context at issue so that its truth conditions (Conditions of Satisfaction or COS) are clear. The basic (...)
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  22. added 2016-11-05
    Michael Starks, Review of Meaning and the Growth of Understanding Wittgenstein's Significance by Chapman and Dixon (1987).
    Although now over 25 years old, many of the essays are quite contemporary. As expected, none of the authors grasp the full relevance of W for the description of behavior, missing most of the points made in my comments above, his many examples of how S1becomes S2, his role as a pioneer in EP, and his attempts to separate nature from nurture. Brose has many good points and is aware of the foundational nature of On Certainty, but is too scattered (...)
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  23. added 2016-11-05
    Michael Starks, Review of Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Psychology by Malcolm Budd (1989).
    A superb effort but in my view Wittgenstein is not completely understood by anyone, so we can hardly expect Budd, writing in the mid 80’s, without the modern dual systems of thought view and no comprehensive logical structure of rationality to have grasped him completely. Like everyone, he does not get that W’s use of the word ‘grammar’ refers to our innate Evolutionary Psychology and the general framework of Wittgenstein’s and Searle’s work since laid out (e.g., in my recent articles) (...)
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  24. added 2016-11-05
    Michael Starks, Review of Wittgenstein-a Critical Reader Ed by Hans-Johann Glock (2001).
    The aim of the 17 original papers here is to summarize and analyze Wittgenstein's thought. At the time these were being written, the Oxford/Intelex CDROM ($2040 on Amazon but available thru interlibrary loan and steeply discounted on the net) with 20,000 some pages of W's nachlass was not yet available, and only those fluent in German and willing to find and slog thru the incomplete Cornell microfilm were able to examine it. To this day it much of it remains untranslated (...)
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  25. added 2016-11-05
    Michael Starks, Review of Wittgenstein Rethinking the Inner by Paul Johnston (1993).
    Overall Johnston has done a phenomenal job and this book should be required reading for all those interested in behavior. It is quite striking that although W’s observations are fundamental to all study of behavior—linguistics, philosophy, psychology, history, anthropology, politics, sociology, and art, he is not even mentioned in most books and articles, with even the exceptions having little to say, and most of that distorted or flat wrong. There is a flurry of recent interest, at least in philosophy, and (...)
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  26. added 2016-11-05
    Michael Starks, Review of Readings of Wittgenstein's On Certainty by Daniele Moyal-Sharrock Ed (2007).
    On Certainty was not published until 1969, 18 years after Wittgenstein’s death and has only recently begun to draw serious attention. I cannot recall a single reference to it in all of Searle and one sees whole books on W with barely a mention. There are however xlnt books on it by Stroll, Svensson, McGinn and others and parts of many other books and articles, but hands down the best is that of Daniele Moyal-Sharrock (DMS) whose 2004 volume “Understanding Wittgenstein’s (...)
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  27. added 2016-11-05
    Michael Starks, Review of Wittgenstein And Psychology A Practical Guide by Harre and Tissaw (2005).
    A major flaw of the book is its failure to note Wittgenstein’s role in destroying the mechanical or reductionist or computationalist view of mind. These continue to dominate cognitive science and philosophy in spite of the fact that they were powerfully countered by W and later by Searle and others. -/- There is much talk of W’s use of terms like “grammar”, “rules” etc but never a clear mention that they mean our Evolved Psychology or our genetically programmed innate behavior. (...)
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  28. added 2016-11-05
    Chris Friel (2016). Lonergan and Wittgenstein on the Dialectic of Methods. New Blackfriars 97 (1072).
    Lindbeck's difficulties with Lonergan's account of religion stem from his radical methodological option in which he draws on Wittgenstein. I revisit ‘the dialectic of methods,’ by examining children's mistakes. I use Lonergan's distinction between ordinary and originary meaningfulness to argue that in Wittgenstein's account of rule-following such mistakes highlight the publicity of norms in ordinary meaningfulness, but I show how alternatives can be cited in which originary meaningfulness is not obscured. I explain the core of Lonergan's foundational methodology and show (...)
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  29. added 2016-11-05
    Charlotte Baumann (2016). Kant, Neo‐Kantians, and Transcendental Subjectivity. European Journal of Philosophy 24 (2).
    This article discusses an interpretation of Kant's conception of transcendental subjectivity, which manages to avoid many of the concerns that have been raised by analytic interpreters over this doctrine. It is an interpretation put forward by selected C19 and early C20 neo-Kantian writers. The article starts out by offering a neo-Kantian interpretation of the object as something that is constituted by the categories and that serves as a standard of truth within a theory of judgment. The second part explicates transcendental (...)
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  30. added 2016-11-05
    Severin Schroeder, Conjecture, Proof, and Sense in Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics.
    One of the key tenets in Wittgenstein’s philosophy of mathematics is that a mathematical proposition gets its meaning from its proof. This seems to have the paradoxical consequence that a mathematical conjecture has no meaning, or at least not the same meaning that it will have once a proof has been found. Hence, it would appear that a conjecture can never be proven true: for what is proven true must ipso facto be a different proposition from what was only conjectured. (...)
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  31. added 2016-11-04
    Constantin C. Brîncuș & Iulian D. Toader (2013). A Carnapian Approach to Counterexamples to Modus Ponens. Romanian Journal of Analytic Philosophy 7:78-85.
    This paper defends a Carnapian approach to known counterexamples to Modus Ponens (MP). More specifically, it proposes that instead of rejecting MP as invalid in certain interpretations, one should regard the interpretations themselves as non-normal, in Carnap’s sense.
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  32. added 2016-11-03
    Baraneh Emadian (2016). Lukács and Nietzsche: Revolution in a Tragic Key. Parrhesia: A Journal of Critical Philosophy (25):86-109.
    György Lukács’s Marxist phase is usually associated with his passage from neo-Kantianism to Hegelianism. Nonetheless, Nietzschean influences have been covertly present in Lukács’s philosophical development, particularly in his uncompromising distaste for the bourgeois society and the mediocrity of its quotidian values. A closer glance at Lukács’s corpus discloses that the influence of Nietzsche has been eclipsed by the Hegelian turn in his thought. Lukács hardly ever mentions the weight of Nietzsche on his early thinking, an influence that makes cameo appearances (...)
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  33. added 2016-11-03
    Marcio Miotto (2007). O Problema Do Homem E a Dispersão da Psicologia. AdVerbum 2 (2):128-136.
    Esse artigo busca oferecer um panorama de problemas relativos à existência da psicologia, a partir das questões de sua unidade, especificidade e objetividade. Para isso, analisam-se breves menções a figuras clássicas de sua história (como Wundt, Comte, Watson e Vygotsky), mostrando ambigüidades constitutivas do próprio “nascimento” da psicologia como disciplina “una” e “científica”. Ao perguntar sobre as razões da dispersão da psicologia, seu estatuto ambíguo e seu objeto “complexo”, abrimos no final o problema de que, mais do que resolver internamente (...)
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  34. added 2016-11-01
    Dustin Garlitz (forthcoming). Cassirer, Ernst. In Marco Sgarbi (ed.), Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy. Springer
  35. added 2016-10-31
    Verena Mayer (2016). Der Logische Aufbau Als Plagiat: Oder: Eine Einführung in Husserls System der Konstitution. In Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock (ed.), Husserl and Analytic Philosophy. De Gruyter 175-260.
  36. added 2016-10-29
    Karl Steinkogler, Wittgenstein, Modern Physics and Zeilinger‘s Pronouncement, or How Naive Was Wittgenstein?
    This paper examines the almost ineradicable misconception of Wittgenstein's alleged antagonism to science as evidenced through some characteristic disparaging comments by world-renowned scientists, notably by Anton Zeilinger. Above all, he criticizes Wittgenstein on the basis of the opening sentence of the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, "The world is all that is the case", which he regards as expressing *"the naive world-view"*1 of a *"typical philosopher of classical physics"*. He proposes an extension in agreement with the findings of quantum theory, namely by the (...)
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  37. added 2016-10-29
    Barrett Emerick (2016). Love and Resistance: Moral Solidarity in the Face of Perceptual Failure. Feminist Philosophy Quarterly 2 (2):1-21.
    In this paper I explore how we ought to respond to the problematic inner lives of those that we love. I argue for an understanding of love that is radical and challenging—a powerful form of resistance within the confines of everyday relationships. I argue that love, far from the platitudinous and saccharine view, does not call for our acceptance of others’ failings. Instead, loving another means believing in their potential to grow and holding them to account when they fail. I (...)
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  38. added 2016-10-29
    Marcio Miotto (2008). A Consciência Entre o Formalismo E a Psicologia, Em Sartre. AdVerbum 3 (2):144-155.
    O presente artigo pretende problematizar, nos três primeiros livros filosóficos de Sartre, a noção de consciência, em torno de um duplo horizonte de interlocução: o legado “formalista” kantiano, e os diversos projetos de “ciência psicológica” existentes nos séculos XIX e XX. Para isso, recompõem-se esses dois horizontes a partir do panorama feito por Sartre desde o momento cartesiano, discutindo as diferentes filosofias da subjetividade e culminando na noção de “intencionalidade”, formulada por Husserl. A noção de consciência intencional serviria como referência (...)
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  39. added 2016-10-28
    Marcio Miotto (2013). Sobre o Infinito Na Idade Clássica Em Michel Foucault. Revista Ideação 27 (1):157-186.
    Nos textos escritos por Foucault durante os anos 60, a problemática antropológica amparava-se, dentre outros fatores, no argumento segundo o qual a modernidade se constitui a partir de uma “finitude constituinte” a substituir um “infinito originário”. A questão do infinito teria, portanto, duas funções: a descrição da epistémê clássica e a própria comparação desta com a epistémê moderna. Entretanto, em As Palavras e as Coisas o capítulo que abre as considerações sobre o período clássico não considera, em suas linhas maiores, (...)
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  40. added 2016-10-24
    Alex Sager & Albert R. Spencer (2016). Liberation Pragmatism: Dussel and Dewey in Dialogue. Contemporary Pragmatism 13:1-22.
    Enrique Dussel and John Dewey share commitments to philosophical theory and practice aimed at addressing human problems, democratic modes of inquiry, and progressive social reform, but also maintain productive differences in their fundamental starting point for political philosophy and their use of the social sciences. Dussel provides a corrective to Dewey’s Eurocentrism and to his tendency to underplay the challenges of incorporating marginalized populations by insisting that social and political philosophy begin from the perspective of the marginalized and excluded. Simultaneously, (...)
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  41. added 2016-10-23
    Elisabeth Nemeth (2016). Embedding Logical Empiricism Into the History of Epistemology: Eino Kaila on Human Knowledge. [REVIEW] Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):148-157.
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  42. added 2016-10-23
    Silver Bronzo (2012). The Resolute Reading and Its Critics: An Introduction to the Literature. Wittgenstein-Studien 3:45-80.
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  43. added 2016-10-23
    Silver Bronzo (2011). Context, Compositionality, and Nonsense in Wittgenstein's Tractatus. In Rupert Read & Matthew Lavery (eds.), Beyond the Tractatus Wars: The New Wittgenstein Debate. Routledge 84-111.
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  44. added 2016-10-22
    Michael Starks, Review of Culture and Value by Ludwig Wittgenstein (1980).
    This is Wittgenstein´s least interesting book, being only random notes dealing with art, music, religion and other areas of culture, taken from his notebooks over the course of his life. But W is never dull and it's a measure of the awe in which he is held that this book was even published. I can´t imagine publishing such a book by anyone else,-certainly no philosopher. Those interested in W should go to nearly any of the other 20,000 odd pages of (...)
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  45. added 2016-10-22
    Michael Starks, Review of The Blue and Brown Books by Ludwig Wittgenstein 2nd Ed.(1960).
    “Philosophers constantly see the method of science before their eyes and are irresistibly tempted to ask and answer questions in the way science does. This tendency is the real source of metaphysics and leads the philosopher into complete darkness.”(BBB p18). -/- “Many words then in this sense then don’t have a strict meaning. But this is not a defect. To think it is would be like saying that the light of my reading lamp is no real light at all because (...)
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  46. added 2016-10-22
    Michael Starks, Review of Wittgensteins Metaphilosophy by Paul Horwich (2013).
    Horwich gives a fine analysis of Wittgenstein (W) and is a leading W scholar, but in my view they all fall short of a full appreciation, as I explain at length in this review and many others. If one does not understand W (and preferably Searle also) then I don't see how one could have more than a superficial understanding of philosophy and of higher order thought and thus of all complex behavior(psychology, sociology, anthropology, history, literature, society). In a nutshell, (...)
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  47. added 2016-10-22
    Jakub Gomułka (2016). Okres fenomenologiczny w myśli Ludwiga Wittgensteina. Semina Scientiarum 15:8-36.
    Wittgenstein’s phenomenological period is a subject to a variety of interpretations which give different answers to the questions why and when did the author of the Tractatus start doing phenomenology, when and why did he stop it and what meaning had it for him. In my paper I argue for the view that Wittgenstein tried to overcome difficulties of his early philosophy by applying phenomenological investigations loosely inspired by Mach. Firstly he assumed that they may be carried out as grammatical (...)
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  48. added 2016-10-21
    Michael Starks, Review of Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy by David Pears (2006).
    Pears is an eminent philosopher, notable among W scholars for his “The False Prison: a study of the development of Wittgenstein’s philosophy” in 2 volumes published 20 years ago. Based on these facts I expected some deep insights into W in the current volume. There were certainly some good points but overall it was profoundly disappointing. All of behavioral science is about our innate human nature and since W was the first to elucidate the axioms of our universal psychology, I (...)
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  49. added 2016-10-21
    Michael Starks, Review of Ludwig Wittgenstein by Edward Kanterian (2007).
    Overall, it is first rate with accurate, sensitive and penetrating accounts of his life and thought in roughly chronological order, but, inevitably (ie, like everyone else) it fails, in my view, to place his work in proper context and gets some critical points wrong. It is not made clear that philosophy is armchair psychology and that W was a pioneer in what later became cognitive or evolutionary psychology. One would not surmise from this book that he laid out the foundations (...)
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  50. added 2016-10-20
    William D. Melaney (2005). Arendt’s Revision of Praxis: On Plurality and Narrative Experience. In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.), Analecta Husserliana XC. Springer 465-79..
    The purpose of this paper is to examine the central role of praxis in Arendt’s conception of the human world and the structure of political life as a site of subjective interaction and narrative discourse. First, Arendt’s use of Aristotle will be presented in terms of the meaning of action as a unique philosophical category. Second, Arendt’s encounter with the work of Martin Heidegger will be shown to involve a critical response to his reading of Aristotle. Finally, the revised conception (...)
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