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  1. added 2016-06-27
    Gonzalo Montenegro (2008). Multiplicidad e incomposibilidad en Deleuze. Antecedentes en Leibniz y Bergson. Cuadrante Phi (Junio - Diciembre 2008).
    Comme Bergson clarifie, il est nécessaire de distinguer la multiplicité numérique, propred'éléments homogènes dans l'espace, de celle qui est intensive qui représente le déroulement de la durée ou temporalité (Essai sur les données immédiates de la conscience). Pour Deleuze, qui reprendre cette distinction (Différence et répétition, Logique du sens), l'intensité constitue cette différence radicale qui produit des séries de succession hétérogènes dont le déroulement détermine la forme du temps. De cette façon, une sérieintensive dans la succession temporaire engage son propre (...)
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  2. added 2016-06-25
    Anthony Vincent Fernandez (forthcoming). The Subject Matter of Phenomenological Research: Existentials, Modes, and Prejudices. Synthese:1-20.
    In this essay I address the question, “What is the subject matter of phenomenological research?” I argue that in spite of the increasing popularity of phenomenology, the answers to this question have been brief and cursory. As a result, contemporary phenomenologists lack a clear framework within which to articulate the aims and results of their research, and cannot easily engage each other in constructive and critical discourse. Examining the literature on phenomenology’s identity, I show how the question of phenomenology’s subject (...)
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  3. added 2016-06-25
    Brooke A. Ackerly (2016). Raising One Eyebrow and Re‐Envisioning Justice, Gender, and the Family. Hypatia 31 (2):n/a-n/a.
    As part of a celebration of Susan Okin's Justice, Gender, and the Family, this article notes how some impacts of the book were so accepted that their original source has been forgotten. It goes on to make three critical arguments about 1) Okin's pared-down account of gender injustice, 2) her choice to embrace the Rawlsian distributive view of justice, and 3) her treatment of the family as the linchpin of gender injustice.
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  4. added 2016-06-25
    Juliano Santos do Carmo (2014). Wittgenstein: An Expressivist Approach About Emotions. Veritas: Revista de Filosofia da PUCRS 59 (3):550-566.
    This paper aims to show that Wittgenstein’s approach to the concepts of sensation and emotion can shed light on many philosophical dilemmas that remain present in the contemporary debate. My analysis will start by characterizing Jesse Prinz’s approach to emotions (heavily influenced by the physiological theory of William James) and, then, it will proceed to show that Prinz is subject to the same criticisms that Wittgenstein expressed about William James’s theory. Finally, I will argue that Wittgenstein, in Philosophical Investigations, advocated (...)
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  5. added 2016-06-23
    Kevin Temple (2016). Review of Carl B. Sachs, Intentionality and the Myths of the Given: Between Pragmatism and Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 37 (1):194-8.
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  6. added 2016-06-20
    Stefan Schindler, Education of Desire.
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  7. added 2016-06-13
    Jaroslav Peregrin (2016). Should One Be A Left or A Right Sellarsian? Metaphilosophy 47 (2):251-263.
    The followers of Wilfrid Sellars are often divided into “right” and “left” Sellarsians, according to whether they believe, in Mark Lance's words, that “linguistic roles constitutive of meaning and captured by dot quoted words are ‘normative all the way down.’” The present article anatomizes this division and argues that it is not easy to give it a nontrivial sense. In particular, the article argues that it is not really possible to construe it as a controversy related to ontology, and goes (...)
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  8. added 2016-06-10
    Lars Spuybroek (forthcoming). The Compass of Beauty: A Search for the Middle. In Maria Voyatzaki (ed.), Architectural Materialisms: Nonhuman Creativity. Edinburgh University Press
    This chapter is a rethinking of my earlier “The Ages of Beauty” which investigated Charles Hartshorne’s Diagram of Aesthetic Values. The argument is placed in a long history of beauty being considered as the middle between extremes. It slowly develops into a structure not merely of aesthetic experience but of existence itself, making it a competitor of Heidegger’s fourfold.
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  9. added 2016-06-09
    Hynek Janoušek & Robin Rollinger (forthcoming). The Prague School. In U. Kriegel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of Brentano and the Brentano School. Routledge
    The name the “Prague school of Brentano” refers to three generations of thinkers who temporarily or permanently lived in Prague, bound together by teacher/student relationships, and who accepted the main views of Franz Brentano’s philosophy. This chapter discusses central aspects of the philosophical work done in the School.
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  10. added 2016-06-07
    Anna Romani (ed.) (2015). Il riflesso della finzione. Saggi su filosofia e letteratura tra settecento e novecento. ETS.
    Questo volume raccoglie alcune riflessioni sul ruolo della finzione nella letteratura e nella filosofia del Settecento e del Novecento. La premessa del lavoro è di non negare aprioristicamente il valore della multiforme nozione di finzione per il pensiero rigoroso. In tal modo, in un percorso che si dipana da Vico a Queneau passando per Diderot, Rousseau, Gide e Valéry, gli autori indagano diverse esperienze di interazione tra riflessione e finzione, mettendo in luce l’arricchimento per il pensiero che di volta in (...)
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  11. added 2016-06-05
    Fabio Fossa (ed.) (2014). Il concetto di Dio dopo Auschwitz. Hans Jonas e la Gnosi. ETS.
    Il pensiero di Hans Jonas è comunemente inteso nel segno di una netta reazione all’interpretazione gnostica del sé e del mondo. Egli si dedicò allo studio della gnosi dalla metà degli anni venti fino al secondo dopoguerra, e il frutto delle sue ricerche è raccolto nei due volumi di Gnosi e spirito tardoantico (1934, 1964). Questa lettura polemica della sua filosofia è davvero in grado di rendere conto dei rapporti che la proposta jonasiana, come filosofia della biologia e etica della (...)
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  12. added 2016-06-04
    Fraser Macbride (2014). THE TRANSCENDENTAL METAPHYSIC OF G.F. STOUT: HIS DEFENCE AND ELABORATION OF TROPE THEORY. In A. Reboul (ed.), Mind, Value and Metaphysics: Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan. Springer 141-58.
    G. F. Stout is famous as an early twentieth century proselyte for abstract particulars, or tropes as they are now often called. He advanced his version of trope theory to avoid the excesses of nominalism on the one hand and realism on the other. But his arguments for tropes have been widely misconceived as metaphysical, e.g. by Armstrong. In this paper, I argue that Stout’s fundamental arguments for tropes were ideological and epistemological rather than metaphysical. He moulded his scheme to (...)
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  13. added 2016-06-01
    Peter Hylton (2015). Problems of Philosophy as a Stage in the Evolution of Russell's Views on Knowledge. In Donovan Wishon & Bernard Linsky (eds.), Acquaintance, Knowledge, and Logic: New Essays on Bertrand Russell's The Problems of Philosophy. CSLI Publications 25-44.
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  14. added 2016-05-31
    Sonia Sedivy (2004). Wittgenstein Against Interpretation: "the Meaning of a Text Does Not Stop Short of its Facts". In John Gibson Wolfgang Huemer (ed.), The Literary Wittgenstein. Routledge 165-185.
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  15. added 2016-05-27
    Sem de Maagt (forthcoming). Reflective Equilibrium and Moral Objectivity. Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Ever since the introduction of reflective equilibrium in ethics, it has been argued that reflective equilibrium either leads to moral relativism, or that it turns out to be a form of intuitionism in disguise. Despite these criticisms, reflective equilibrium remains the most dominant method of moral justification in ethics. In this paper, I therefore critically examine the most recent attempts to defend the method of reflective equilibrium against these objections. Defenders of reflective equilibrium typically respond to the objections by saying (...)
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  16. added 2016-05-27
    Sonia Sedivy (2016). Beauty and The End of Art, Wittgenstein, Plurality and Perception. Bloomsbury.
  17. added 2016-05-23
    Alberto G. Urquidez (forthcoming). Jorge L. A. Garcia and the Ordinary Use of 'Racist Belief'. Social Theory and Practice.
    This paper argues that philosophical explanations of the ordinary use of 'racist' and 'racism' should not proceed on the presupposition that there is one privileged use of the target term (e.g., 'racist belief,' 'racist intention,' and so forth). Philosophers should instead 'look and see' how the target term is used across contexts of use. I develop this objection in respect to Jorge L. A. Garcia's highly influential account of racism as racial disregard. His volitional theory is rejected on the grounds (...)
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  18. added 2016-05-22
    Frederique Janssen-Lauret & Gary Kemp (2015). Editors' Introduction. In Frederique Janssen-Lauret & Gary Kemp (eds.), Quine and His Place in History. Palgrave 1-7.
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  19. added 2016-05-20
    James Tartaglia (forthcoming). Rorty's Ambivalent Relationship with Kant. Contemporary Pragmatism.
    I argue that Kant is a key figure in understanding Rorty’s work, by drawing attention to the fact that although he is ostensibly the principal villain of Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, at the end of that book Kant provides the basis of Rorty's positive proposal that we view the world “bifocally”. I show how this idea was re-worked as “irony” in Continency, Irony, and Solidarity, and became central to Rorty’s outlook. However, by allowing this Kantian influence into his (...)
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  20. added 2016-05-18
    Lajos L. Brons (2016). Putnam and Davidson on Coherence, Truth, and Justification. The Science of Mind 54:51-70.
    Putnam and Davidson both defended coherence theories of justification from the early 1980s onward. There are interesting similarities between these theories, and Putnam’s philosophical development lead to further convergence in the 1990s. The most conspicuous difference between Putnam’s and Davidson’s theories is that they appear to fundamentally disagree on the role and nature of conceptual schemes, but a closer look reveals that they are not as far apart on this issue as usually assumed. The veridicality of perceptual beliefs is a (...)
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  21. added 2016-05-18
    Daniel Schulthess, Bergson, Truth-Making, and the Retrograde Movement of the True. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
    Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was one of the main exponents of evolutionary thinking in the later nineteenth and early twentieth century. He gave that kind of thinking an unprecedented metaphysical turn. In consequence of his versatility he also encountered the notion of truth-making, which he connected with his ever-present concerns about time and duration. Eager to stress the dimension of radical change and of novelty in the nature of things, he rejected (in one form) what he called “the retrograde movement of (...)
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  22. added 2016-05-14
    Barry Smith (2008). The Benefits of Realism: A Realist Logic with Applications. In Katherine Munn & Barry Smith (eds.), Applied Ontology: An Introduction. Walter de Gruyter 109-124.
    We propose a formalization of a realist ontology using first order logic with identity and allowing quantification over terms representing both individuals and universals. In addition to identity, the ontology includes also relational predicates such as subtype, instantiation, parthood, location, and inherence. Inspired in part by Davidson’s treatment of events, the ontology includes also various relations linking events to their participants and to the times at which they occur.
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  23. added 2016-05-13
    Jeff Kochan (2016). The Eggs Speak Up: Review of Fuller's Knowledge. [REVIEW] Metascience 25 (1):12-18, 23.
    Contribution to a book symposium on Steve Fuller's _Knowledge: The Philosophical Quest in History_ (Routledge, 2015). The title reproduces the title of an essay by Hannah Arendt. Fuller uses the idea of theodicy to promote a creationist philosophy of science, according to which one is justified in breaking eggs in order to produce a divine omelette of technologically orchestrated human transcendence. The review nods to Arendt's essay, and a short story by Ursula LeGuin, in challenging this proposal.
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  24. added 2016-05-12
    Savas L. Tsohatzidis (2015). Truth Ascriptions, Falsity Ascriptions, and the Paratactic Analysis of Indirect Discourse. Logique Et Analyse (232):527-534.
    This paper argues that the obvious validity of certain inferences involving indirect speech reports as premises and truth or falsity ascriptions as conclusions is incompatible with Davidson's so-called "paratactic" analysis of the logical form of indirect discourse. Besides disqualifying that analysis, this problem is also claimed to indicate that the analysis is doubly in tension with Davidson's metasemantic views. Specifically, it can be reconciled neither with one of Davidson's key assumptions regarding the adequacy of the kind of semantic theory he (...)
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  25. added 2016-05-11
    Sacha Golob (2016). The ‘Thing’ in Martin Heidegger and Georges Bataille. Comparative Critical Studies 13 (1):47-65.
    This article juxtaposes two of the most influential thinkers of the previous century, Georges Bataille and Martin Heidegger: my overarching claim will be that a contrastive approach allows a better understanding of two central dynamics within their work. First, I show that both were deeply troubled by a certain methodological anxiety; namely, that the practice of writing might distort and deform their insights. By employing a comparative strategy, I suggest that we can gain a better understanding of the very specific (...)
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  26. added 2016-05-07
    Andrii Karpenko (2016). Онтологія м. гайдеґґера в очах сучасників: Е. гуссерль і е. кассірер. Схід 1:73-75.
    Research into the history of understanding Heidegger's ideas allows to reveal how different thinkers were likely to grasp the specific subjective positions that defined the meaning of philosophizing as a cultural practice posited by modern era of intellectual history. The figure of Heidegger is crucial because it shed light on the more general context of the evolution of philosophizing within the system of scientific knowledge. A clear contrast between scientific rationalism and philosophical thinking, inherent for Heidegger's philosophy, is now hardly (...)
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  27. added 2016-05-07
    Jesús Padilla Gálvez (2016). Chapter 5: Persuasive Phenomena Associated with Evangelistic Ministry in Acts 13–28. In Action, Decision-Making and Forms of Life. De Gruyter 165-210.
  28. added 2016-05-07
    Fraser MacBride & Frederique Janssen-Lauret (2015). Meta-Ontology, Epistemology & Essence: On the Empirical Deduction of the Categories. The Monist 98 (3):290-302.
    A priori reflection, common sense and intuition have proved unreliable sources of information about the world outside of us. So the justification for a theory of the categories must derive from the empirical support of the scientific theories whose descriptions it unifies and clarifies. We don’t have reliable information about the de re modal profiles of external things either because the overwhelming proportion of our knowledge of the external world is theoretical—knowledge by description rather than knowledge by acquaintance. This undermines (...)
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  29. added 2016-05-05
    Sorin Bangu (2016). Later Wittgenstein on the Logicist Definition of Number. In S. Costreie (ed.), In S. Costreie (ed.) Early Analytic Philosophy. New Perspectives on the Tradition Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science Series. General editor W. Demopoulos. Springer 233-257.
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  30. added 2016-05-01
    Starks Michael, The Logical Structure of Philosophy, Psychology, Mind and Language as Revealed in the Writings of Wittgenstein and Searle.
    I provide a critical survey of some of the major findings of Wittgenstein and Searle on the logical structure of intentionality (mind, language, behavior), taking as my starting point Wittgenstein’s fundamental discovery –that all truly ‘philosophical’ problems are the same—confusions about how to use language in a particular context, and so all solutions are the same—looking at how language can be used in the context at issue so that its truth conditions (Conditions of Satisfaction or COS) are clear. The basic (...)
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  31. added 2016-05-01
    Hanne Appelqvist (forthcoming). On Wittgenstein's Kantian Solution of the Problem of Philosophy. British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-23.
    ABSTRACTIn 1931 Wittgenstein wrote: ‘the limit of language manifests itself in the impossibility of describing the fact that corresponds to a sentence without simply repeating the sentence’. Here, Wittgenstein claims, ‘we are involved … with the Kantian solution of the problem of philosophy’. This paper shows how this remark fits with Wittgenstein's early account of the substance of the world, his account of logic, and ultimately his view of philosophy. By contrast to the currently influential resolute reading of the Tractatus, (...)
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  32. added 2016-05-01
    Arthur Gibson (forthcoming). Anscombe, Cambridge, and the Challenges of Wittgenstein in Advance. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly.
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  33. added 2016-05-01
    Ivan Milić & Stefan Reining (2015). A Wittgensteinian Role‐Based Account of Assertion. Philosophical Investigations 39 (3):n/a-n/a.
    According to an “orthodox” reading proposed by Dummett and more recently endorsed by Lugg and Price, the later Wittgenstein rejects the idea of grouping together certain utterances as a single class of assertions. We offer an alternative commentary on the Philosophical Investigations §§21–24, developing what we call a Wittgensteinian role-based account of assertion. We then examine whether this role-based account can solve the problem of on-stage utterances. In the course of this, the merits of the account are shown and compared (...)
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  34. added 2016-05-01
    Mike Sutton, Ten Main Points in Wittgenstein - A Teaching Paper.
    Language is what separates us from other animals, and is why we are able to solve complex logical problems, and, as far as we can tell, experience consciousness. Wittgenstein is the philosopher of language par excellence. He asks: what is the role of language in philosophy, and in the wider sphere of thinking in everyday life? This teaching paper gives a summary of his ideas.
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  35. added 2016-05-01
    Christian Helmut Wenzel (2011). On Wittgenstein on Certainty. Contributions of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 19:320-322.
    In the preface to On Certainty Anscombe and von Wright say that in 1949 Malcolm suggested to Wittgenstein to think again about Moore’s “Defense of Common Sense” (1925) and “Proof of an External World” (1939). Malcolm himself had written on the issue in “Defending Common Sense” (1949). In the preface to the Philosophical Investigations Wittgenstein quotes Nestroy saying that there is usually very little progress in philosophy. But I think some progress has been made from Moore and Malcolm to Wittgenstein (...)
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  36. added 2016-04-28
    Maarten Steenhagen (forthcoming). Against Adversarial Discussion. Collingwood and British Idealism Studies.
    Why did R.G. Collingwood come to reject the adversarial style of philosophical discussion so popular among his Oxford peers? The main aim of this paper is to explain that Collingwood came to reject his colleagues’ specific style of philosophical dialogue on methodological grounds, and to show how the argument against adversarial philosophical discussion is integrated with Collingwood’s overall criticism of realist philosophy. His argument exploits a connection between method and practice that should be taken seriously even today.
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  37. added 2016-04-28
    Anna Szyrwińska (2014). Z badań nad filozofią Kanta w Szkole Lwowsko-Warszawskiej: Hersz Bad o teorii Kanta-Laplace’a. Studia Z Historii Filozofii 3:145-161.
    Hersz Bad (1869–1942) was Kazimierz Twardowski’s student and belonged to the first generation of the Lvov-Warsaw School members. He specialized in the history of philosophy and led a number of remarkable analyses concerning Kant’s philosophy. At the example of his work one may see, how the methodological postulates of the Lvov Warsaw School were fulfilled at the field of historical philosophical investigations. The goal of the paper is to present Bad’s main achievements and to evaluate their meaning from the point (...)
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  38. added 2016-04-27
    Frederique Janssen-Lauret & Gary Kemp (eds.) (2015). Quine and His Place in History. Palgrave.
    Containing three previously unpublished papers by W.V. Quine as well as historical, exegetical, and critical papers by several leading Quine scholars including Hylton, Ebbs, and Ben-Menahem, this volume aims to remedy the comparative lack of historical investigation of Quine and his philosophical context.
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  39. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (ed.) (2016). "Rof Carballo y la Escuela de Madrid", en Piñas Mesa, A. (ed.), "Psicosomática, Medicina y Filosofìa. Humanidades Médicas en torno a J. Rof Carballo", ECUADOR-ESPAÑA, Instituto de Humanidades-CEU San Pablo/ UTPL/ASOCIACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DE MEDICINA PSICOSOMÁTICA, 2015, pp. 211-236. AsociaciónEspañoladeMedicinaPsicosomática/CEU San Pablo (Instituto de Humanidades)/Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.
    EStudio del contexto del médico filósofo Juan Rof Carballo, la Escuela de Madrid.
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  40. added 2016-04-26
    Frederique Janssen-Lauret (2015). Meta-Ontology, Naturalism, and The Quine-Barcan Marcus Debate. In Frederique Janssen-Lauret & Gary Kemp (eds.), Quine and His Place in History. Palgrave 146-167..
    Twenty-first century critics frequently misread Quinean ontological commitment as a toothless doctrine of anti-metaphysical pragmatism. Janssen-Lauret's historical investigations reveal that they misinterpret the influence of Quine's naturalism. His naturalistic view of philosophy as continuous with science informs a much more interesting conception of ontological commitments as generated by indispensable explanatory roles. But Janssen-Lauret uncovers a previously undetected weakness in Quine's meta-ontology. Careful examination of his debate with another naturalistic nominalist, Ruth Barcan Marcus, reveals that his holism leaves him blind to (...)
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  41. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (ed.) (2015). "José Gaos y el Seminario de Pensamiento en Lengua Española (UNAM). El caso de las mujeres filósofas", en AA.VV., "Pautas. Filosofía contemporánea de España y América" (Serie Entre Europa y América, III), UTPL, 2015, pp. 307-328. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.
    José Gaos (Asturias, 1900- México D.F. 1969) creó el <<Seminario para el estudio del pensamiento en los países de lengua española>> en El Colegio de México en 1941. En el verano de 1938, este filósofo español que había salido de España, llegaba a México. Ha sido José Luis Abellán quien ha señalado que la tarea de este Seminario del pensamiento en lengua española, que llevó Gaos a cabo en “El Colegio de México”, constituía una pieza clave en los estudios sobre (...)
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  42. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Árévalo Benito (ed.) (2014). "El lugar la utopía americana según José Gaos" , en Arévalo, H., Bolado, G. (UNED) y LaRubia, F. (GEORGETOWN Univ.): "ENTRE EUROPA Y AMÉRICA (I): ESTUDIOS DE FILOSOFÍA CONTEMPORÁNEA EN LENGUA ESPAÑOLA", UTPL, 2014, pp. 209-251. Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja.
    Descripción del pensamiento del asturiano, exiliado en México, José Gaos (1900-1969), con especial atención a su concepción del "pensamiento hispanoamericano" escrito en lengua española.
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  43. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito & Antonio Piñas Mesa (2014). "La persona como horizonte interior en la filosofía de Manuel Mindán" Revista <Metafísica y Persona. Revista de Filosofía>, U. MÁLAGA - U. AUTÓNOMA POPULAR DEL ESTADO DE PUEBLA (México), 2014. (ISSN 2007 9699. Co-autoría: Antonio Piñas Mesa), pp. 37-49. Revista METAFÍSICA Y PERSONA (U.Málaga, España/UPAEP, México) 6 (12):37-49.
    Las personas somos absolutamente diferentes de las cosas, no cabe ninguna duda al respecto. No obstante, sí debemos diferenciar nítidamente entre los individuos y el concepto de “persona”. Así pues, la persona posee un “horizonte interior”, absolutamente novedoso y que le caracteriza como ser en aproximación a la Verdad y a la Libertad, las cuales no sólo son específicas del propio humano, sino que le son necesarias en cuanto remedios contra la desolación y la tiranía. Asimismo, una sociedad puede ser (...)
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  44. added 2016-04-26
    Christoph Baumberger (2014). Gebaute Zeichen. Zu den Bedeutungsweisen von Bauwerken. In Jörg H. Gleiter (ed.), Symptom Design. Vom Zeigen und Sich-Zeigen der Dinge. Transkript 93-113.
    Architekturkritiker und -historiker verwenden eine Vielzahl von Ausdrücken, um anzugeben, was Bauwerke bedeuten. Es ist beispielsweise die Rede davon, dass sie etwas ausdrücken, repräsentieren, zitieren, manifestieren, darstellen oder aussagen; man kann von Gebäuden lesen, die mehrdeutig sind, als Metaphern fungieren oder auf etwas anspielen. In diesem Aufsatz frage ich, wie Bauwerke bedeuten können, um die Grundzüge einer Theorie der Bedeutungsweisen von Bauwerken und ihren Teilen vorzustellen, die als Rahmen für Einzelanalysen und historische Untersuchungen verwendet werden kann. Anstatt die meist unklaren (...)
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  45. added 2016-04-26
    Héctor Arévalo Benito (2013). "Filosofía y Vida. Debate sobre José Gaos", Sergio Sevilla y F. Vázquez, Editorial S. XXI (Colección: "Pensar en Español"), en Revista de AHF, Madrid, FONDO DE CULTURA ECONÓMICA/UNIVERSIDAD AUTÓNOMA DE MADRID, 2013 (Res.), pp. 313-315. [REVIEW] Revista de Hispanismo Filosófico 18:313-315.
    Hace tres años que la Facultat de Filosofia i Ciències de l’Educació de la Universitat de València acogió las II Jornadas Internacionales sobre la obra filosófica de José Gaos. Concretamente, el acontecimiento transcurrió durante los días 11, 12 y 13 de Mayo, y como consecuencia de tales jornadas —reseñadas éstas en un número anterior de la Revista—, no sólo ha aumentado el interés por la obra de nuestro asturiano universal José Gaos (1900-1969), sino que debemos agradecer a la excelente editorial (...)
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  46. added 2016-04-25
    Weston Ellis, Convergence in Wide-Reflective Equilibrium: An Indicator for Objective Moral Truth?
    How do we arrive at a set of moral beliefs that is accurate? John Rawls’s answer to this question is the method of wide-reflective equilibrium. Wide-reflective equilibrium is the process where an individual compares moral judgements about particular cases, moral principles, and moral theories to pick and choose a set that is coherent. It is unlikely that after an individual has completed wide-reflective equilibrium that they have found an objective moral truth, as there are a multitude of different coherent ethical (...)
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  47. added 2016-04-25
    Lucas Viana Silva (2016). A objetividade dos juízos morais na teoria ética de John Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):54-63.
    Trata do caráter objetivo dos juízos morais a partir da proposta ética de John Rawls. Inicialmente, apresenta a discussão acerca da objetividade dos juízos morais como uma questão relevante do discurso metaético contemporâneo. Em seguida, apresenta o equilíbrio reflexivo, ponto de sustentação dos juízos morais na teoria ética de John Rawls, como procedimento adequado no estabelecimento das bases para uma sociedade bem ordenada. Por fim, explicita como o equilíbrio reflexivo pode garantir objetividade aos juízos e à normatividade morais, sem recorrer (...)
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  48. added 2016-04-25
    Marcus Arvan (2016). Rightness as Fairness: A Moral and Political Theory. Palgrave MacMillan.
    This book argues that moral philosophy should be based on seven scientific principles of theory selection. It then argues that a new moral theory—Rightness as Fairness—satisfies those principles more successfully than existing theories. Chapter 1 explicates the seven principles of theory-selection, arguing that moral philosophy must conform them to be truth-apt. Chapter 2 argues those principles jointly support founding moral philosophy in known facts of empirical moral psychology: specifically, our capacities for mental time-travel and modal imagination. Chapter 2 then shows (...)
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  49. added 2016-04-25
    Viturino Ribeiro da Silva (2015). A crítica de Michael Sandel à concepção de pessoa em John Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):21-33.
    Neste artigo pretendo apresentar a crítica de Michael Sandel à concepção de pessoa na filosofia política de John Rawls. Para tanto, é preciso descrever, em linhas gerais, a descrição rawlsiana das partes na posição original. Esta descrição, segundo Sandel, pressupõe uma concepção metafísica de pessoa na medida em que apresenta o “eu anterior a seus fins”, ou seja, um “eu distinto dos fins que possui”, mas que detém a posse de tais fins. Sandel argumenta que o “eu”, pensado desta forma, (...)
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  50. added 2016-04-25
    Mateus Salvadori (2015). Justiça, Equidade e Liberalismo em Rawls. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 6 (11):1-20.
    A teoria da justiça proposta por John Rawls investiga a estrutura básica da sociedade, tendo como base a justiça política, a justiça pública e a justiça distributiva. Rawls propõe uma teoria que representa uma alternativa ao utilitarismo, pois para o autor os direitos não deverão estar sujeitos à negociações políticas ou sujeitos ao cálculo de interesses sociais. É através do contrato social que Rawls busca apresentar a relação entre justiça, equidade e liberalismo político.: The theory of justice proposed by John (...)
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