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  1. added 2014-08-20
    Catherine Rowett (2013). Plato, Wittgenstein and the Definition of Games. In Luigi Perissinotto & Begoña Ramón Cámara (eds.), Wittgenstein and Plato: connections, comparisons and contrasts. Palgrave. 196-219.
    In this paper I argue, controversially, that Plato's Meno anticipates Wittgenstein's critique of essentialism. Plato is usually read as an essentialist of the very kind that Wittgenstein was challenging, and the Meno in particular is usually taken as evidence that Plato thought that to know something you must be able to define it, and that if you can't define it you can't investigate any other questions on the topic. I suggest instead that Plato shows Socrates proposing such a position (much (...)
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  2. added 2014-08-12
    Juliet Floyd (1995). On Saying What You Really Want to Say: Wittgenstein, Gödel and the Trisection of the Angle. In Jaakko Hintikka (ed.), From Dedekind to Gödel: The Foundations of Mathematics in the Early Twentieth Century, Synthese Library Vol. 251 (Kluwer Academic Publishers. 373-426.
  3. added 2014-08-11
    William A. Edmundson, Fair Value and Ownership of the Means of Production.
    John Rawls argued that welfare-state capitalism would be rejected by a constitutional convention seeking to implement the abstract principles of justice chosen in the original position. But neither property-owning democracy nor liberal democratic socialism could be ruled out at the constitutional stage, and the choice between them was to be made at the further, legislative stage of the four-stage sequence he outlined for the achievement of political justice. This paper defends the following claims. One. The same kind of reasoning that (...)
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  4. added 2014-08-11
    Marcus Arvan (forthcoming). Justice as Fairness in a Broken World. Philosophy and Public Issues.
    In Ethics for a Broken World: Imagining Philosophy after Catastrophe, Tim Mulgan applies a number of influential moral and political theories to a “broken world”: a world of environmental catastrophe in which resources are insufficient to meet everyone’s basic needs. This paper shows that John Rawls’ conception of justice as fairness has very different implications for a broken world than Mulgan suggests it does. §1 briefly summarizes Rawls’ conception of justice, including how Rawls uses a hypothetical model – the “original (...)
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  5. added 2014-08-11
    Jörg Schaub (forthcoming). The Incompleteness of Ideal Theory. Res Publica:1-27.
    Can one give an account of a perfectly just society without invoking principles governing our responses to injustice? My claim is that addressing this question puts us in a position to reveal ambiguities and problems with the way in which Rawls draws the ideal/nonideal theory distinction that have so far gone unnoticed. In the first part of my paper, I demonstrate that Rawls’s original definition of the ideal/nonideal theory distinction is ambiguous as it is composed of two different conceptual distinctions, (...)
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  6. added 2014-08-11
    Klemen Jaklic (2014). Liberal Legitimacy and the Question of Respect. Ratio Juris 27 (3):409-439.
    In a modern pluralist society, the idea of liberal legitimacy as proposed by John Rawls offers a promising foundation for the further historic advancement of democracy. However, liberal legitimacy still seems to lack one key element—a unique type of respect at its foundations—without which such democratic advancement may not be achieved. Nor, on closer inspection, could the idea of liberal legitimacy succeed without this particular type of respect. When further refined at its foundation, arguably liberal legitimacy could open doors to (...)
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  7. added 2014-08-11
    Svein Eng (2014). Why Reflective Equilibrium? III: Reflective Equilibrium as a Heuristic Tool. Ratio Juris 27 (3):440-459.
    In A Theory of Justice (1971), John Rawls introduces the concept of “reflective equilibrium.” Although there are innumerable references to and discussions of this concept in the literature, there is, to the present author's knowledge, no discussion of the most important question: Why reflective equilibrium? In particular, the question arises: Is the method of reflective equilibrium applicable to the choice of this method itself? Rawls's drawing of parallels between Kant's moral theory and his own suggests that his concept of “reflective (...)
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  8. added 2014-08-11
    Ronnie Littlejohn (2014). The Environmental Ethics of Fan Ruiping's Revisionist Confucianism. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 13 (3):403-406.
    Fan Ruiping is engaged in a wide-ranging project to reconstruct Confucianism for the contemporary period. It includes his sustained attack on John Rawls’ theory of distributive justice, various Chinese policies and practices on the delivery of health and elder care, and global business ethics. This paper describes his revised Confucian understanding of environmental morality under the metaphor of nature as garden and man as gardener. I argue the current state of this effort is in need of a more robust appropriation (...)
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  9. added 2014-08-11
    Phil Ryan (2014). Stout, Rawls, and the Idea of Public Reason. Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (3):540-562.
    Jeffrey Stout claims that John Rawls's idea of public reason (IPR) has contributed to a Christian backlash against liberalism. This essay argues that those whom Stout calls “antiliberal traditionalists” have misunderstood Rawls in important ways, and goes on to consider Stout's own critiques of the IPR. While Rawls's idea is often interpreted as a blanket prohibition on religious reasoning outside church and home, the essay will show that the very viability of the IPR depends upon a rich culture of deliberation (...)
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  10. added 2014-08-09
    Eric S. Nelson (2012). Dilthey and Carnap: Empiricism, Life-Philosophy, and Overcoming Metaphysics. Pli: Warwick Journal of Philosophy 23:20–49.
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  11. added 2014-08-06
    James Andow (forthcoming). How 'Intuition' Exploded. Metaphilosophy.
    Recent decades have seen a surge in interest in metaphilosophy. In particular there has been an interest in philosophical methodology. Various questions have been asked about philosophical methods. Are our methods any good? Can we improve upon them? However, prior to such evaluative and ameliorative concerns, is the matter of what methods philosophers actually use. Worryingly, our understanding of philosophical methodology is impoverished in various respects. I consider one particular respect in which we seem to be missing an important part (...)
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  12. added 2014-08-04
    Thomas Oberdan (forthcoming). Russell's Principles of Mathematics and the Revolution in Marburg Neo-Kantianism. Perspectives on Science.
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  13. added 2014-08-01
    Ryan Dawson (forthcoming). Wittgenstein on Pure and Applied Mathematics. Synthese:1-18.
    Some interpreters have ascribed to Wittgenstein the view that mathematical statements must have an application to extra-mathematical reality in order to have use and so any statements lacking extra-mathematical applicability are not meaningful (and hence not bona fide mathematical statements). Pure mathematics is then a mere signgame of questionable objectivity, undeserving of the name mathematics. These readings bring to light that, on Wittgenstein’s offered picture of mathematical statements as rules of description, it can be difficult to see the role of (...)
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  14. added 2014-08-01
    Andreas Vrahimis (2014). Wittgenstein and the Phenomenological Movement: Reply to Monk. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (3):341-348.
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  15. added 2014-08-01
    André Porto (2013). Rule-Following and Functions. O Que Nos Faz Pensar 33:95-141.
    This paper presents a new reconstruction of Wittgenstein’s famous (and controversial) rule-following arguments. Two are the novel features offered by our reconstruction. In the first place, we propose a shift of the central focus of the discussion, from the general semantics and the philosophy of mind to the philosophy of mathematics and the rejection of the notion of a function. The second new feature is positive: we argue that Wittgenstein offers us a new alternative notion of a rule (to replace (...)
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  16. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2010). Die Ethik Moritz Schlicks und die gängige Sicht logisch-empiristischer Ethik. In , Logischer Empirismus, Werte und Moral. Eine Neubewertung. Springer. 131-155.
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  17. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2010). Logischer Empirismus, Werte und Moral: Anmerkungen zur vorherrschenden Sicht. In , Logischer Empirismus, Werte und Moral. Eine Neubewertung. Springer. 9-19.
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  18. added 2014-08-01
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2008). Evolution und ihre Beziehung zur Ethik in Moritz Schlicks Jugendwerk "Lebensweisheit". In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Analysen, Argumente, Ansätze. Beiträge zum 8. Internationalen Kongress der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Philosophie in Graz. Ontos. 75-83.
  19. added 2014-07-30
    Sergeiy Sandler, The Reinterpretation of Kant and the Neo-Kantians: On Bakhtin’s Pattern of Appropriation.
    Studies of the origins of Mikhail Bakhtin’s thought have tended to either follow a traditional intellectual history paradigm—where establishing the presence of an influence is taken to be a sign of Bakhtin’s identity as a thinker—or to view terminological and conceptual borrowings in Bakhtin’s work as mere veneer in which he dressed his own ideas to make them publishable or acceptable to his peers in a hostile political and intellectual environment. And while Bakhtin did absorb some genuine formative influences, and (...)
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  20. added 2014-07-24
    Sebastian Greve & Felix Mühlhölzer (2014). Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Mathematics: Felix Mühlhölzer in Conversation with Sebastian Greve. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2).
    Sebastian Greve interviews Felix Mühlhölzer on his work on the philosophy of mathematics. This text will be availabe online in December 2014.
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  21. added 2014-07-24
    Oskari Kuusela (2014). Gordon Baker, Wittgensteinian Philosophical Conceptions and Perspicuous Representation: The Possibility of Multidimensional Logical Descriptions. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2).
    This paper discusses Gordon Baker’s interpretation of the later Wittgenstein, in particular his interpretation of the notion of Wittgensteinian philosophical conceptions ( Auffassungen ) and the notions of non-exclusivity, local incompatibility, non-additivity and global pluralism which Baker uses to characterize Wittgensteinian conceptions. On the basis of this discussion, and a critique of certain features of Baker’s interpretation of Wittgensteinian conceptions, I introduce the notion of a multidimensional logical description of language use, explaining how this notion, which Baker’s interpretation excludes, constitutes (...)
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  22. added 2014-07-24
    Beth Savickey (2014). Wittgenstein and Hacker: Ubersichtliche Darstellung. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2).
    The concept of übersichtliche Darstellung is of fundamental significance for Wittgenstein (PI 122). Hacker translates übersichtliche Darstellung as ‘surveyable representation’ and equates it with the tabulation of grammar. He asks what surveyability means, whether examples can be found in Wittgenstein’s work, and why this method characterizes the form of account he gives. Ultimately, however, Hacker is unable to answer these questions and he attributes this failure to Wittgenstein. This paper argues that it is Hacker’s interpretation that fails, and presents an (...)
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  23. added 2014-07-24
    Hugo Strandberg (2014). Review of "Contemplating Religious Forms of Life: Wittgenstein and D. Z. Phillips" by Mikel Burley. [REVIEW] Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2).
    Review of Burley, Mikel: Contemplating Religious Forms of Life: Wittgenstein and D. Z. Phillips . London: Continuum, 2012. This text will be availabe online in December 2014.
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  24. added 2014-07-24
    Cora Diamond (2014). Wittgenstein and What Can Only Be True. Nordic Wittgenstein Review 3 (2).
    This Invited Paper will be available online in December 2014.
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  25. added 2014-07-24
    Nicola Claudio Salvatore (2013). Skepticism, Rules and Grammar. Polish Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):31-53.
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  26. added 2014-07-21
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2014). Ethik und Moral im Wiener Kreis. Zur Geschichte eines engagierten Humanismus. Böhlau.
    Die vorliegende Schrift unternimmt eine Revision des vorherrschenden Bildes der Rolle und der Konzeptionen von Moral und Ethik im Wiener Kreis. Dieses Bild wird als zu einseitig und undifferenziert zurückgewiesen. Die Ansicht, die Mitglieder des Wiener Kreises hätten kein Interesse an Moral und Ethik gezeigt, wird widerlegt. Viele Mitglieder waren nicht nur moralisch und politisch interessiert, sondern auch engagiert. Des Weiteren vertraten nicht alle die Standardauffassung logisch-empiristischer Ethik, die neben der Anerkennung deskriptiv-empirischer Untersuchungen durch die Ablehnung jeglicher normativer und inhaltlicher (...)
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  27. added 2014-07-17
    Paul Ricoeur (2014). Le dernier Wittgenstein et le dernier Husserl sur le langage. Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 5 (1):7-27.
    This article presents an edited version of lectures given by Paul Ricœur at Johns Hopkins University in April 1966. Ricœur offers a comparative analysis of Wittgenstein’s and Husserl’s late works, taking the problem of language as the common ground of investigation for these two central figures of phenomenology and analytic philosophy. Ricœur develops his study in two parts. The first part considers Husserl’s approach to language after the Logical Investigations and concentrates on Formal and Transcendental Logic ; leaving a transcendental (...)
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  28. added 2014-07-17
    Jeff A. Stickney (2014). Wittgenstein for Adolescents? Post-Foundational Epistemology in High School Philosophy. Ethics and Education 9 (2):201-219.
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  29. added 2014-07-17
    Stefan Brandt (2014). How Not to Read Philosophical Investigations: McDowell and Goldfarb on Wittgenstein on Understanding. Philosophical Investigations 37 (3).
    In a recent article, John McDowell has criticised Warren Goldfarb for attributing an anti-realist conception of linguistic understanding to Wittgenstein. 1 I argue that McDowell is right to reject Goldfarb's anti- realism, but does so for the wrong reasons. I show that both Goldfarb's and McDowell's interpretations are vitiated by the fact that they do not pay attention to Wittgenstein's positive claims about understanding, in particular his claim that understanding is a kind of ability. The cause of this oversight lies (...)
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  30. added 2014-07-17
    Paul Ricoeur (2014). The Later Wittgenstein and the Later Husserl on Language. Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 5 (1):28-48.
    This article presents an edited version of lectures given by Paul Ricœur at Johns Hopkins University in April 1966. Ricœur offers a comparative analysis of Wittgenstein’s and Husserl’s late works, taking the problem of language as the common ground of investigation for these two central figures of phenomenology and analytic philosophy. Ricœur develops his study in two parts. The first part considers Husserl’s approach to language after the Logical Investigations and concentrates on Formal and Transcendental Logic ; leaving a transcendental (...)
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  31. added 2014-07-17
    Hans Sluga (2014). »Die Welt, Wie Ich Sie Vorfand«. Biographisches Zu Wittgenstein. Philosophische Rundschau 61 (2):163-170.
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  32. added 2014-07-17
    Samuel Lelièvre (2014). Langage, imagination, et référence. Ricœur lecteur de Wittgenstein et Goodman. Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies 5 (1):49-66.
    Ricoeur’s reading of analytic philosophy is part of a philosophical plan that focuses on deepening his inquiry into various thematics, some theoretical in nature, others concerned with the history of philosophy. On the theoretical plane, Ricoeur’s interest in the analytic tradition is rooted in the problem of the relationship between language and the world; as regards the history of philosophy, he is interested in the shift from a transcendental philosophy to a contemporary philosophy that is concerned with the world of (...)
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  33. added 2014-07-17
    Leo K. C. Cheung (2014). Meaning, Use and Ostensive Definition in Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. Philosophical Investigations 37 (3).
    In this paper, I argue that the restricted claim in §43a of the Philosophical Investigations is that, for a large class of cases of word meanings, the meaning of a word is its use in the language. Although Wittgenstein does not provide any example of words having uses but no meaning as exceptions to the claim, he does hint at exceptions, which are names being defined, or explained, ostensively by pointing to their bearers, in §43b. Names in ostensive definitions, or (...)
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  34. added 2014-07-17
    Mariano Rodrígez González (2013). La filosofía trágica considerando a Wittgenstein y Ortega / The Tragic Philosophy According to Wittgenstein and Ortega. Annales Umcs. Sectio I (Filozofia, Socjologia) 38 (1):25-40.
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  35. added 2014-07-17
    Susan G. Sterrett, Wittgenstein Flies a Kite: A Story of Models of Wings and Models of the World.
    The philosophy of language and experimental research in aeronautics made great leaps at about the same time in the early twentieth century. Strange as it may sound, this was no coincidence. Sterrett explains what Wittgenstein s glimpse of a solution to the problem of language in 1914 had to do with experimental models, which had been so crucial to the Wright brothers solving the problem of flight. On the eve of the First World War in Europe, Wittgenstein left aeronautical research (...)
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  36. added 2014-07-15
    Catharine Saint Croix & Richmond Thomason (2014). Chisholm's Paradox and Conditional Oughts. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8554:192-207.
    Since it was presented in 1963, Chisholm’s paradox has attracted constant attention in the deontic logic literature, but without the emergence of any definitive solution. We claim this is due to its having no single solution. The paradox actually presents many challenges to the formalization of deontic statements, including (1) context sensitivity of unconditional oughts, (2) formalizing conditional oughts, and (3) distinguishing generic from nongeneric oughts. Using the practical interpretation of ‘ought’ as a guideline, we propose a linguistically motivated logical (...)
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  37. added 2014-07-14
    Gary Watson (2012). La responsabilité et les limites du mal. Variations sur un thème de Strawson. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (1):146-178.
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  38. added 2014-07-14
    Gary Watson (2012). La responsabilité et les limites du mal. Variations sur un thème de Strawson. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (1):146-178.
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  39. added 2014-07-13
    Timothy Chappell, Critical Notice. Paul Horwich, Wittgenstein's Metaphilosophy.
    In the Preface to his fine book, Paul Horwich deplores the “polar split” that he sees in academic philosophy today between most philosophers, who don’t care about Wittgenstein, and the Wittgensteinian minority, who don’t care about much else, and are “engaged in feuds with one other that no one else cares about” (p.xiii). Whether or not this picture is entirely fair either to Wittgensteinians or to non-Wittgensteinians, it is certainly true, and unfortunate, that Wittgenstein has been normalised by the academic (...)
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  40. added 2014-07-13
    Thomas J. Brommage, Three Wittgensteins: Interpreting the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus.
    There are historically three main trends in understanding Wittgenstein's Tractatus. The first is the interpretation offered by the Vienna Circle. They read Wittgenstein as arguing that neither metaphysical nor normative propositions have any cognitive meaning, and thus are to be considered nonsense. This interpretation understands Wittgenstein as setting the limits of sense, and prescribing that nothing of substantive philosophical importance lies beyond that line. The second way of reading the Tractatus, which has became popular since the 1950s, is the interpretation (...)
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  41. added 2014-07-11
    Erin C. Tarver (2013). Signifying "Hillary&Quot;: Making (Political) Sense with Butler and Dewey. Contemporary Pragmatism 10 (2):25-47.
  42. added 2014-07-09
    Terence Rajivan Edward, The Asymmetry Objection to Political Liberalism: Evaluation of a Defence.
    This paper evaluates Jonathan Quong’s attempt to defend a version of political liberalism from the asymmetry objection. I object that Quong’s defence relies on a premise that has not been adequately supported and does not look as if it can be given adequate support.
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  43. added 2014-07-06
    Steven A. Miller (2011). Review of An Ethics for Today: Finding Common Ground Between Philosophy and Religion. [REVIEW] Contemporary Pragmatism 8 (1):222-225.
  44. added 2014-06-27
    Katharina Nieswandt & Ulf Hlobil (eds.) (forthcoming). G. E. M. Anscombe: Aufsätze. Suhrkamp.
    Die Wittgenstein-Schülerin Elizabeth Anscombe zählt zu den einflussreichsten Philosophinnen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Mit der Monographie Absicht begründete sie die analytische Handlungstheorie, viele ihrer Abhandlungen gelten als Klassiker, aber nur wenige liegen bislang in deutscher Übersetzung vor. Der vorliegende Band füllt diese Lücke: Er versammelt zwölf von Anscombes wichtigsten Aufsätzen, die thematisch von der praktischen Philosophie über die Metaphysik und die Philosophie des Geistes bis hin zu Aristoteles- und Wittgenstein-Interpretationen reichen, also das ganze Spektrum ihres Denkens repräsentieren. Die Anmerkungen und Erläuterungen (...)
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  45. added 2014-06-27
    Andrea Ciceri (2011). La lettura del male radicale in Kant proposta da Italo Mancini. Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 4 (2011):691-706.
    The contribution examines Italo Mancini'suggestion to reread Kant's radical evil in the light of a reconsideration of the scope of reason in Kant's philosophy of religion.
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  46. added 2014-06-23
    Matteo Bonotti (forthcoming). Political Liberalism, Free Speech and Public Reason. European Journal of Political Theory:1474885114538257.
    In this paper, I critically assess John Rawls's repeated claim that the duty of civility is only a moral duty and should not be enforced by law. In the first part of the paper, I examine and reject the view that Rawls's position may be due to the practical difficulties that the legal enforcement of the duty of civility might entail. I thus claim that Rawls's position must be driven by deeper normative reasons grounded in a conception of free speech. (...)
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  47. added 2014-06-23
    James Gledhill (forthcoming). In Defense of Transcendental Institutionalism. Philosophy and Social Criticism:0191453714536431.
    What do we want from a theory of justice? Amartya Sen argues that what we should not want is to follow the social contract approach revived by John Rawls, or transcendental institutionalism, in its preoccupation with perfectly just institutions. Sen makes an effective case against approaches, such as G. A. Cohen’s, concerned with transcendent, fact-independent principles of justice, but not against Rawls’ constructivist approach to justice when this is properly interpreted as making a weak transcendental argument. Situating Rawls’ approach within (...)
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  48. added 2014-06-23
    Kevin Vallier (forthcoming). A Moral and Economic Critique of the New Property-Owning Democrats: On Behalf of a Rawlsian Welfare State. Philosophical Studies:1-22.
    Property-owning democracies combine the regulative and redistributive functions of the welfare state with the governmental aim of ensuring that wealth and capital are widely dispersed. John Rawls, political philosophy’s most famous property-owning democrat, argued that property-owning democracy was one of two regime types that best realized his two principles of justice, though he was notoriously vague about how a property-owning democracy’s institutions are meant to realize his principles. To compensate for this deficiency, a number of Rawlsian political philosophers have tried (...)
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  49. added 2014-06-23
    Simon Cushing, Reaching for My Gun: Why We Shouldn't Hear the Word "Culture" in Normative Political Theory. 1st Global Conference: Multiculturalism, Conflict and Belonging.
    Culture is a notoriously elusive concept. This fact has done nothing to hinder its popularity in contemporary analytic political philosophy among writers like John Rawls, Will Kymlicka, Michael Walzer, David Miller, Iris Marion Young, Joseph Raz, Avishai Margalit and Bikhu Parekh, among many others. However, this should stop, both for the metaphysical reason that the concept of culture, like that of race, is itself either incoherent or lacking a referent in reality, and for several normative reasons. I focus on the (...)
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  50. added 2014-06-15
    Howard D. Kelly (2014). Heidegger the Metaphysician: Modes‐of‐Being and Grundbegriffe. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (2).
    Modes-of-being (Seinsarten) figure centrally in Heidegger's masterwork 'Being and Time'. Testimony to this is Heidegger's characterisation of two of his most celebrated enquiries—the Existential analytic and the Zeug analysis—as investigations into the respective modes-of-being of the entities concerned. Yet despite the importance of this concept, commentators disagree widely about what a mode-of-being is. In this paper, I systematically outline and defend a novel and exegetically grounded interpretation of this concept. Strongly opposed to Kantian readings, such as those advocated by Taylor (...)
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