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  1. William P. Alston (1988). Divine and Human Action. In Divine Nature and Human Language: Essays in Philosophical Theology. Cornell Up 81-102.
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  2. Maria Alvarez (1999). Actions and Events: Some Semantical Considerations. Ratio 12 (3):213–239.
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  3. Lennart Aqvist (2002). Old Foundations for the Logic of Agency and Action. Studia Logica 72 (3):313-338.
    The paper presents an infinite hierarchy of sound and complete axiomatic systems for Two-Dimensional Modal Tense Logic with Historical Necessity, Agents and Acts. A main novelty of these logics is their capacity to represent formally basic action -sentences asserting that such and such an act is performed/omitted by an agent, as well as causative action -sentences asserting that by performing/omitting a certain act, an agent causes that such and such a state-of-affairs is realized. We illustrate how the formal machinery of (...)
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  4. Lennart Åqvist (2002). Old Foundations for the Logic of Agency and Action. Studia Logica 72 (3):313-338.
    The paper presents an infinite hierarchy of sound and complete axiomatic systems for Two-Dimensional Modal Tense Logic with Historical Necessity, Agents and Acts. A main novelty of these logics is their capacity to represent formally (i) basic action-sentences asserting that such and such an act is performed/omitted by an agent, as well as (ii) causative action-sentences asserting that by performing/omitting a certain act, an agent causes that such and such a state-of-affairs is realized (e.g. comes about/ceases/remains/remains absent). We illustrate how (...)
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  5. Renée Bilodeau (1985). Attribution d'états mentaux et justification de l'action. Dialogue 24 (04):639-653.
    Plusieurs auteurs se sont inspirés des thèses du deuxième Wittgenstein pour proposer une nouvelle approche en sciences sociales qui viserait la justification plutôt que l'explication de l'action. Sur la base d'une étude de trois types d'énoncés formulés grâce au langage de l'action (factuels, normatifs et attributifs d'états mentaux), cet article évalue les difficultés et possibilités d'une telle suggestion.
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  6. E. J. Borowski (1974). Adverbials in Action Sentences. Synthese 28 (3-4):483 - 512.
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  7. Myles Brand (1987). Intending and Acting: Toward a Naturalized Action Theory. Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):49-54.
  8. Myles Brand (1970). Causes of Actions. Journal of Philosophy 67 (21):932-947.
  9. Peter Cataldo (1985). Actions. New Scholasticism 59 (2):244-245.
  10. Roderick M. Chisholm (1964). The Descriptive Element in the Concept of Action. Journal of Philosophy 61 (20):613-625.
  11. Arthur B. Cody (1967). Can a Single Action Have Many Different Descriptions? Inquiry 10 (1-4):164 – 180.
    To say that a single human action can be given different descriptions is to imply that the contrast between action and description is intelligible. There are several ways in which such a contrast is easily understood, but those ways do not meet philosophers? needs. They have said that the descriptions are all true, thereby excluding that interpretation in which no more than one description could be true. They have emphasized the word ?different?, therefore that interpretation in which the descriptions are (...)
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  12. Linda B. Cornett (1975). A Problem in the Logic of Action Sentences. New Scholasticism 49 (4):467-472.
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  13. Donald Davidson (1980). Essays on Actions and Events. Oxford University Press.
  14. Donald Davidson (1967). The Logical Form of Action Sentences. In Nicholas Rescher (ed.), The Logic of Decision and Action. University of Pittsburgh Press
  15. Kathrin Gl¨uer (2011). Donald Davidson: A Short Introduction. OUP Usa.
    In this book, Kathrin Gl¨uer carefully outlines Donald Davidson's principal claims and arguments, and discusses them in some detail, providing a concise, systematic introduction to all the main elements of Davidson's philosophy.
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  16. A. D. H. (1980). La Sémantique de L'Action. Review of Metaphysics 34 (2):398-399.
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  17. Gilbert Harman (1981). The Essential Grammar of Action (and Other) Sentences. Philosophia 10 (3-4):209-215.
  18. Chrysafis Hartonas (2014). On the Dynamic Logic of Agency and Action. Studia Logica 102 (3):441-478.
    We present a Hilbert style axiomatization and an equational theory for reasoning about actions and capabilities. We introduce two novel features in the language of propositional dynamic logic, converse as backwards modality and abstract processes specified by preconditions and effects, written as \({\varphi \Rightarrow \psi}\) and first explored in our recent paper (Hartonas, Log J IGPL Oxf Univ Press, 2012), where a Gentzen-style sequent calculus was introduced. The system has two very natural interpretations, one based on the familiar relational semantics (...)
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  19. Jane Heal (1982). Hornsby, Jennifer Actions. [REVIEW] Philosophy 57:133.
  20. T. Y. Henderson (1966). The Gap Between Good Strategy and Right Action. Philosophy 41 (157):260 - 267.
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  21. Miguel Hoeltje (forthcoming). Handlungssätze. In Markus Rüther & Michael Kühler (eds.), Handbuch Handlungstheorie. Metzler
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  22. Jennifer Hornsby (1980). Actions. Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    This book presents an events-based view of human action somewhat different from that of what is known as "standard story". A thesis about trying-to-do-something is distinguished from various volitionist theses. It is argued then that given a correct conception of action's antecedents, actions will be identified not with bodily movements but with causes of such movements.
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  23. John Hyman (2001). -Ings and -Ers. Ratio 14 (4):298–317.
    This paper is about the semantic structure of verbal and deverbal noun phrases. The focus is on noun phrases which describe actions, perceptions, sensations and beliefs. It is commonly thought that actions are movements of parts of the agent’s body which we typically describe in terms of their effects, and that perceptions are slices of sensible experience which we typically describe in terms of their causes. And many philosophers hold that sensations and beliefs are states of the central nervous system (...)
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  24. Carl Erik Kühl (2008). Kinesis and Energeia—and What Follows. Outline of a Typology of Human Actions. Axiomathes 18 (3):303-338.
    This paper presents a typology of human actions, based on Aristotle’s kinesis–energeia dichotomy and on a formal elaboration (with some refinement) of the Vendler–Kenny classificatory schemes for action types (or action verbs). The types introduced are defined throughout by inferential criteria, in terms of what here are referred to as “modal-temporal expressions” (‘MT-terms’). Examples of familiar categories analysed in this way are production and maintenance, but the procedure is meant to offer a basis for defining various other commonsense categories. Among (...)
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  25. Ernest Lepore & Brian P. McLaughlin (eds.) (1985). Actions and Events: Perspectives on the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. B. Blackwell.
  26. Kirk Ludwig (2010). Adverbs of Action and Logical Form. In Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Blackwell
    This article discusses the logical form of action sentences with particular attention to the role of adverbial modification, reviewing and extending the event analysis of action sentences.
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  27. Kirk Ludwig (2007). Collective Intentional Behavior From the Standpoint of Semantics. Noûs 41 (3):355–393.
    This paper offers an analysis of the logical form of plural action sentences that shows that collective actions so ascribed are a matter of all members of a group contributing to bringing some event about. It then uses this as the basis for a reductive account of the content of we-intentions according to which what distinguishes we-intentions from I-intentions is that we-intentions are directed about bringing it about that members of a group act in accordance with a shared plan.
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  28. Samuel Murray (forthcoming). Reference, Fiction, and Omission. Synthese:1-23.
    In this paper, I argue that sentences that contain ‘omission’ tokens that appear to function as singular terms are meaningful while maintaining the view that omissions are nothing at all or mere absences. I take omissions to be fictional entities and claim that the way in which sentences about fictional characters are true parallels the way in which sentences about omissions are true. I develop a pragmatic account of fictional reference and argue that my fictionalist account of omissions implies a (...)
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  29. Timothy O'Connor & Constantine Sandis (eds.) (2010). A Companion to the Philosophy of Action. Wiley-Blackwell.
    _A Companion to the Philosophy of Action_ offers a comprehensive overview of the issues and problems central to the philosophy of action. The first volume to survey the entire field of philosophy of action Brings together specially commissioned chapters from international experts Discusses a range of ideas and doctrines, including rationality, free will and determinism, virtuous action, criminal responsibility, Attribution Theory, and rational agency in evolutionary perspective Individual chapters also cover prominent historic figures from Plato to Ricoeur Can be approached (...)
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  30. Michael Perloff (1991). Stit and the Language of Agency. Synthese 86 (3):379 - 408.
    Stit, a sentence form first introduced in Belnap and Perloff (1988), encourages a modal approach to agency. Von Wright, Chisholm, Kenny, and Castañeda have all attempted modal treatments of agency, while Davidson has rejected such treatments. After a brief explanation of the syntax and semantics of stit and a restatement of several of the important claims of the earlier paper, I discuss the virtues of stit against the background of proposals made by these philososphers.
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  31. Jean-luc Petit (1989). La Sémantique de L'Action. A.N.R.T. Université de Lille Iii.
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  32. Paul M. Pietroski (1998). Actions, Adjuncts, and Agency. Mind 107 (425):73-111.
    The event analysis of action sentences seems to be at odds with plausible (Davidsonian) views about how to count actions. If Booth pulled a certain trigger, and thereby shot Lincoln, there is good reason for identifying Booths' action of pulling the trigger with his action of shooting Lincoln; but given truth conditions of certain sentences involving adjuncts, the event analysis requires that the pulling and the shooting be distinct events. So I propose that event sortals like 'shooting' and 'pulling' are (...)
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  33. Joëlle Proust (1999). Indexes for Action. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 1999 (3):321-345.
    This articles examines three ways in which the connection between semantic and pragmatic representations of a single action can be tightened up in order to remedy the puzzle of deviant causation. A first move consists in making the feedback process, i.e. the dynamics of the relationship between both representational components, a central element in the definition of an action. A second step brings in the action-effect principle, emphasizing the teleological relation of each pragmatic representation type with its external effects. A (...)
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  34. David-Hillel Ruben (2015). The Physical Action Theory of Trying. Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  35. Helen Steward (2013). Processes, Continuants, and Individuals. Mind 122 (487):fzt080.
    The paper considers and opposes the view that processes are best thought of as continuants, to be differentiated from events mainly by way of the fact that the latter, but not the former, are entities with temporal parts. The motivation for the investigation, though, is not so much the defeat of what is, in any case, a rather implausible claim, as the vindication of some of the ideas and intuitions that the claim is made in order to defend — and (...)
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  36. Helen Steward (2006). 'Could Have Done Otherwise', Action Sentences and Anaphora. Analysis 66 (290):95–101.
  37. Irving Thalberg (1967). Verbs, Deeds and What Happens to Us. Theoria 33 (3):259-277.
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  38. Richmond H. Thomason, Defeasibly Successful Action.
    “Philosophy of action” is a recognized specialty in contemporary philosophy, and the literature on action is fairly extensive: see, for instance, (Care & Landesman 1968; Goldman 1970; Hornsby 1980). The relation of actions to their effects is formulated most clearly in the more specialized literature on the logic of action; see (Belnap & Perloff 1988; Chellas 1992; Czelakowski 1996; Segerberg 1982).
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  39. Joseph Ulatowski (2012). Act Individuation: An Experimental Approach. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (2):249-262.
    Accounts of act individuation have attempted to capture peoples’ pre-theoretic intuitions. Donald Davidson has argued that a multitude of action descriptions designate only one act, while Alvin Goldman has averred that each action description refers to a distinct act. Following on recent empirical studies, I subject these accounts of act individuation to experimentation. The data indicate that people distinguish between actions differently depending upon the moral valence of the outcomes. Thus, the assumption that a single account of act individuation applies (...)
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  40. Bruce Vermazen & Merrill B. Hintikka (eds.) (1985). Essays on Davidson. Oxford University Press.
    This collection brings together previously unpublished works by well-known philosophers on the philosophy of action, the metaphysics of causality, and the philosophy of psychology. Nine of the essays directly discuss Donald Davidson's work on these topics, while three others challenge a Davidsonian approach through discussion of independent but related issues. These essays are followed by replies from Davidson, including a previously unpublished essay, "Adverbs of Action.".
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  41. G. H. von Wright (1963). Norm and Action. New York, Humanities.
  42. David Widerker (1988). Action Sentences. Erkenntnis 28 (2):269 - 291.
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  43. Edward Wierenga (1980). Fodor on Davidson on Action Sentences. Synthese 44 (3):347 - 359.
  44. John W. Yolton (1957). Ascriptions, Descriptions, and Action Sentences. Ethics 67 (4):307-310.