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African/Africana Philosophy

Edited by Barry Hallen (Morehouse College)
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  1. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). A Bioethic of Communion: Beyond Care and the Four Principles with Regard to Reproduction. In Marta Soniewicka (ed.), The Ethics of Reproductive Genetics - Between Utility, Principles, and Virtues. Springer ch. 6.
    English-speaking research on morally right decisions in a healthcare context over the past three decades has been dominated by two major perspectives, namely, the Four Principles, of which the principle of respect for autonomy has been most salient, and the ethic of care, often presented as a rival to not only a focus on autonomy but also a reliance on principles more generally. In my contribution, I present a novel ethic applicable to bioethics, particular as it concerns reproductive genetics, that (...)
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  2. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2014). Vitality, Community and Human Dignity in Africa. In Alex Michalos (ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer 6960-6966.
    Two values salient in the sub-Saharan tradition that are invoked to ground the superlative, equal worth of persons and the human rights to which they are entitled are, first, vitality or 'life-force' and, second, community or relationships of identity and solidarity. This entry, which draws heavily on an article appearing in Human Rights Review (2012), sketches these two conceptions of dignity and presents an overview of key strengths and weaknesses of them.
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  3. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2011). The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho. In Sharlene Swarz & Monica Taylor (eds.), Moral Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. Routledge 7-24.
    In this chapter, a reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Moral Education (2010), we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical research into (...)
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  4. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2010). Human Dignity, Capital Punishment, and an African Moral Theory. In Luis Arroyo, Paloma Biglino & William Schabas (eds.), Towards Universal Abolition of the Death Penalty. Tirant Lo Blanch 337-366.
    In this chapter, a reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Human Rights (2010), I spell out a conception of dignity grounded on African moral thinking that provides a plausible philosophical foundation for human rights, focusing on the particular human right not to be executed by the state. I first demonstrate that the South African Constitutional Court’s sub-Saharan explanations of why the death penalty is degrading all counterintuitively entail that using deadly force against aggressors is degrading as (...)
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  5. added 2016-03-24
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). The South African Student/Worker Uprisings in Light of Just War Theory. In Susan Booysen (ed.), #FeesMustFall! From Revolt to Review of Governance. Wits University Press
    I critically examine the South African university student and worker protests of 2015/2016 in light of moral principles governing the use of force that are largely uncontested in both the contemporary Western and African philosophies of just war, violence and threats. Amongst these principles are: “discrimination”, according to which force should be directed not towards innocent bystanders but instead should target those particularly responsible for injustice; “likely success”, meaning that, instead of being counter-productive, the use of force (...)
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  6. added 2016-03-17
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Duties Towards Animals Versus Rights to Culture: Two Dimensions of Communion. In Luis Rodrigues & Les Mitchell (eds.), Multiculturalism, Race and Animals – Contemporary Moral and Political Debates. Palgrave Macmillan
  7. added 2016-03-17
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Light of Ubuntu: A Comprehensive Appraisal. In Mia Swart & Karin van Marle (eds.), Twenty Years On: Other Ways of Being and the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
  8. added 2016-03-13
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Toward an African Moral Theory (Revised Edition). In Isaac Ukpokolo (ed.), Themes, Issues and Problems in African Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan
    A mildly revised version of an article first published in the Journal of Political Philosophy (2007).
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  9. added 2016-03-03
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Ancillary Care Obligations in Light of an African Bioethic: From Entrustment to Communion. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37.
    Henry Richardson has recently published the first book ever devoted to ancillary care obligations, which roughly concern what medical researchers are morally required to provide to participants beyond what safety requires. In it Richardson notes that he has presented the ‘only fully elaborated view out there’ on this topic, which he calls the ‘partial-entrustment model’. In this article, I provide a new theory of ancillary care obligations, one that is grounded on ideals of communion salient in the African philosophical tradition (...)
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  10. added 2016-03-03
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). Making Sense of Survivor’s Guilt: How to Justify It with an African Ethic. In Lungisile Ntsebeza & George Hull (eds.), Philosophy in Africa, Africa in Philosophy. TBA
    The default position in Western ethics is that survivor’s guilt is either irrational or not rational, i.e., that while survivor’s guilt might be understandable, it is not justified in the sense of there being good reason for a person to exhibit it. From a widely held perspective, for example, one ought to feel guilty only for having done wrong, and in a culpable way, which, by hypothesis, a mere survivor has not done. Typical is the following: ‘Strictly speaking, survivor guilt (...)
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  11. added 2016-02-22
    Chike Jeffers (ed.) (2014). Listening to Ourselves: A Multilingual Anthology of African Philosophy. State University of New York Press.
    _Contemporary African philosophy in indigenous African languages and English translation._.
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  12. added 2016-02-22
    Tsenay Serequeberhan (2013). The Hermeneutics of African Philosophy: Horizon and Discourse. Routledge.
    Hermeneutics is a crucial but neglected perspective in African philosophy. Here, Tsenay Serequeberhan engages post-colonial African literature and the ideas of the African liberation struggle with critically-used insights from the European philosophical tradition. Continuing the work of Theophilus Okere and Okonda Okolo, this book attempts to overcome the debate between ethnophilosophy and professional philosophy, demonstrating that the promise of African philosophy lies with the critical development of the African hermeneutical perspective.
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  13. added 2016-02-09
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). African Ethics: Overview of the Field. In Isaac Ukpokolo (ed.), Themes, Issues and Problems in African Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan
    A reprint of 'African Ethics' from the _International Encyclopedia of Ethics_ (2015), but expanded to include discussion of more topics, texts and authors.
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