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Applied Ethics

Edited by Ezio Di Nucci (University of Copenhagen)
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  1. added 2016-07-26
    Danielle Griffiths (forthcoming). The Production of the Genetically Related Body in Law, Technology and Culture: Mitochondria Replacement Therapy. Health Care Analysis:1-14.
    Advances in medicine in the latter half of the twentieth century have dramatically altered human bodies, expanding choices around what we do with them and how they connect to other bodies. Nowhere is this more so than in the area of reproductive technologies. Reproductive medicine and the laws surrounding it in the UK have reconfigured traditional boundaries surrounding parenthood and the family. Yet culture and regulation surrounding RTs have combined to try to ensure that while traditional boundaries may be pushed, (...)
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  2. added 2016-07-26
    David A. Reidy (forthcoming). A Right to Health Care? Participatory Politics, Progressive Policy, and the Price of Loose Language. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-20.
    This article begins by clarifying and noting various limitations on the universal reach of the human right to health care under positive international law. It then argues that irrespective of the human right to health care established by positive international law, any system of positive international law capable of generating legal duties with prima facie moral force necessarily presupposes a universal moral human right to health care. But the language used in contemporary human rights documents or human rights advocacy is (...)
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  3. added 2016-07-26
    Sven Nyholm & Stephen M. Campbell (forthcoming). When Is Deep Brain Stimulation a Medical Benefit, and What Is Required for Consent? AJOB Neuroscience.
    Hübner and White argue that we should not administer DBS to psychopathic prisoners. While we are sympathetic to their conclusion, we argue that the authors’ two central arguments for this conclusion are problematic. Their first argument appeals to an overly restrictive conception of individual medical benefit: namely, that an individual medical benefit must alleviate subjective suffering. We highlight cases that clearly constitute individual medical benefits although there is no relief of subjective suffering. The second argument depends on an overly restrictive (...)
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  4. added 2016-07-26
    Daniel Kelly & Nicolae Morar (forthcoming). I Eat, Therefore I Am: Disgust and the Intersection of Food and Identity. In The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics. Oxford University Press
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  5. added 2016-07-25
    Caleb Ward (2016). The Ethics of Eating as a Human Organism. In Mary C. Rawlinson & Caleb Ward (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Food Ethics. Routledge 48-58.
    Conventional ethics of how humans should eat often ignore that human life is itself a form of organic activity. Using Henri Bergson’s notions of intellect and intuition, this chapter brings a wider perspective of the human organism to the ethical question of how humans appropriate life for nutriment. The intellect’s tendency to instrumentalize living things as though they were inert seems to subtend the moral failures evident in practices such as industrial animal agriculture. Using the case study of Temple Grandin’s (...)
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  6. added 2016-07-25
    Mary C. Rawlinson & Caleb Ward (eds.) (2015). Global Food, Global Justice: Essays on Eating Under Globalization. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    As Brillant-Savarin remarked in 1825 in his classic text Physiologie du Goût, “Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you who you are.” Philosophers and political theorists have only recently begun to pay attention to food as a critical domain of human activity and social justice. Too often these discussions treat food as a commodity and eating as a matter of individual choice. Policies that address the global obesity crisis by focusing on individual responsibility and medical interventions ignore (...)
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  7. added 2016-07-24
    James W. Nickel (forthcoming). Can a Right to Health Care Be Justified by Linkage Arguments? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-14.
    Linkage arguments, which defend a controversial right by showing that it is indispensable or highly useful to an uncontroversial right, are sometimes used to defend the right to health care. This article evaluates such arguments when used to defend RHC. Three common errors in using linkage arguments are neglecting levels of implementation, expanding the scope of the supported right beyond its uncontroversial domain, and giving too much credit to the supporting right for outcomes in its area. A familiar linkage argument (...)
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  8. added 2016-07-24
    Margreet Stolper, Bert Molewijk & Guy Widdershoven (2016). Bioethics Education in Clinical Settings: Theory and Practice of the Dilemma Method of Moral Case Deliberation. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):45.
    BackgroundMoral Case Deliberation is a specific form of bioethics education fostering professionals’ moral competence in order to deal with their moral questions. So far, few studies focus in detail on Moral Case Deliberation methodologies and their didactic principles. The dilemma method is a structured and frequently used method in Moral Case Deliberation that stimulates methodological reflection and reasoning through a systematic dialogue on an ethical issue experienced in practice.MethodsIn this paper we present a case-study of a Moral Case Deliberation with (...)
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  9. added 2016-07-23
    Joana Margarida Sequeira Neto & Etienne Mullet (forthcoming). Perceived Acceptability of Organizational Layoffs and Job Alliances During a Recession: A Mapping of Portuguese People’s Views. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  10. added 2016-07-23
    Ron Welters (forthcoming). On Ascetic Practices and Hermeneutical Cycles. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    Sports reflection is rather locked into a binary view of narrow and broad internalists. Narrow internalists, or formalists, argue that sports are solely constituted by their rules: the ‘autotelic’ stance. Broad internalists, or interpretivists, on the other hand, reason that sport is more than just a lusory end in itself. This paper will revitalize reflection on sports as a locus of the human condition by breaking through this binary opposition. It will focus on the positive aspects of the concept of (...)
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  11. added 2016-07-23
    Gerhard Øverland (2016). Why Kamm's Principle of Secondary Permissibility Cannot Save the Doctrine of Double Effect. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):286-296.
    The DDE yields counterintuitive verdicts about certain cases: it may deem it permissible to kill a certain number of people when they are not used as means and their death is not intended, but deny that killing fewer of these people is permissible if that requires intending their death, or using them as means. To accommodate the judgement that we may kill the lesser number in such cases, supporters of the DDE may appeal to Frances Kamm's Principle of Secondary Permissibility. (...)
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  12. added 2016-07-23
    Eric Chwang (2016). Consent's Been Framed: When Framing Effects Invalidate Consent and How to Validate It Again. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):270-285.
    In this article I will argue first that if ignorance poses a problem for valid consent in medical contexts then framing effects do too, and second that the problem posed by framing effects can be solved by eliminating those effects. My position is thus a mean between two mistaken extremes. At one mistaken extreme, framing effects are so trivial that they never impinge on the moral force of consent. This is as mistaken as thinking that ignorance is so trivial that (...)
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  13. added 2016-07-23
    Shane N. Glackin (2016). Three Aristotelian Accounts of Disease and Disability. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):311-326.
    The question of whether medical and psychiatric judgements involve a normative or evaluative component has been a source of wide and vehement disagreement. But among those who think such a component is involved, there is considerable further disagreement as to its nature. In this article, I consider several versions of Aristotelian normativism, as propounded by Christopher Megone, Michael Thompson and Philippa Foot, and Martha Nussbaum. The first two, I claim, can be persuasively rebutted by different modes of liberal pluralist challenge (...)
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  14. added 2016-07-23
    Javier Hidalgo (2016). Selling Citizenship: A Defence. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):223-239.
    Many people think that citizenship should not be for sale. On their view, it is morally wrong for states to sell citizenship to foreigners. In this article, I challenge this view. I argue that it is in principle permissible for states to sell citizenship. I contend that, if states can permissibly deny foreigners access to citizenship in some cases, then states can permissibly give foreigners the option of buying citizenship in these cases. Furthermore, I defend the permissibility of selling citizenship (...)
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  15. added 2016-07-23
    Jessica Toit (2016). Is Having Pets Morally Permissible? Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):327-343.
    In this article, I consider the question of whether having pets is morally permissible. However, I do so indirectly by considering three objections to the practice of having pets — what I shall call the ‘restriction of freedom objection’, the ‘property objection’, and the ‘dependency objection’. The restriction of freedom objection is dismissed relatively easily. The property objection also fails to show that having pets is morally impermissible. However, my consideration of this second objection does lead to the conclusion that (...)
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  16. added 2016-07-23
    Tina Rulli & David Wendler (2016). The Duty to Take Rescue Precautions. Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):240-258.
    There is much philosophical literature on the duty to rescue. Individuals who encounter and could save, at relatively little cost to themselves, a person at risk of losing life or limb are morally obligated to do so. Yet little has been said about the other side of the issue. There are cases in which the need for rescue could have been reasonably avoided by the rescuee. We argue for a duty to take rescue precautions, providing an account of the circumstances (...)
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  17. added 2016-07-23
    Robert Huseby (2016). Can Luck Egalitarianism Justify the Fact That Some Are Worse Off Than Others? Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):259-269.
    According to luck egalitarianism it is bad or unjust if someone is worse off than another through no fault or choice of her own. This article argues that there is a tension in standard luck egalitarian theory between justifying absolute and comparative welfare levels. If a person responsibly acts in a way that brings her welfare level below that of others, this is justified according to the theory. However, even if we can say that the person's new welfare level is (...)
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  18. added 2016-07-23
    Sabine Salloch (2016). Same same but different: why we should care about the distinction between professionalism and ethics. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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  19. added 2016-07-23
    Marvin J. H. Lee, Ravi S. Edara, Peter A. Clark & Andrew T. Myers (2016). Zika Virus: Can Artificial Contraception Be Condoned? Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases 15 (1).
    As the Zika virus pandemic continues to bring worry and fear to health officials and medical scientists, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) have recommended that residents of the Zika-infected countries, e.g., Brazil, and those who have traveled to the area should delay having babies which may involve artificial contraceptive, particularly condom. This preventive policy, however, is seemingly at odds with the Roman Catholic Church’s position on the contraceptive. As least since the promulgation of (...)
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  20. added 2016-07-23
    Nigel Pleasants (2016). The Question of the Holocaust's Uniqueness: Was It Something More Than or Different From Genocide? Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):297-310.
    Dating back to the very beginning of our knowledge of the events that constituted the Holocaust, some historians, social scientists, philosophers, theologians and public intellectuals argue that it was a unique historical, or even trans-historical, event. The aim of this article is to clarify what the uniqueness question should be about and to ascertain whether there are good reasons for judging that the Holocaust is unique. It examines the core meanings of ‘unique’ that feature in the literature and identifies which (...)
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  21. added 2016-07-23
    Trystan S. Goetze (2016). The Limits of Knowledge: Generating Pragmatist Feminist Cases for Situated Knowing by Nancy Arden McHugh, 2015 Albany, NY, State University of New York Press. Xii + 189 Pp, US$75 , US$75. [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (3):344-346.
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  22. added 2016-07-22
    Jeremy Snyder & Valorie A. Crooks (forthcoming). Can We Care for Aging Persons Without Worsening Global Inequities? The Case of Long-Term Care Worker Migration From the Anglophone Caribbean. Public Health Ethics:phw031.
    The international migration of health workers, including long-term care workers for aging populations, contributes to a shortage of these workers in many parts of the world. In the Anglophone Caribbean, LCW shortages and the migration of nurses to take on LCW positions abroad threaten the health of local populations and widen global inequities in health. Many responses have been proposed to address the international migration of health workers generally, including making it more difficult for these workers to emigrate and increasing (...)
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  23. added 2016-07-22
    Giovanni De Grandis & Vidar Halgunset (2016). Conceptual and terminological confusion around personalised medicine: a coping strategy. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    _BMC Medical Ethics_ is an open access journal publishing original peer-reviewed research articles in relation to the ethical aspects of biomedical research and clinical practice, including professional choices and conduct, medical technologies, healthcare systems and health policies. _BMC __Medical Ethics _is part of the _BMC_ series which publishes subject-specific journals focused on the needs of individual research communities across all areas of biology and medicine. We do not make editorial decisions on the basis of the interest of a study or (...)
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  24. added 2016-07-22
    Ronald C. Arkin (2013). The Robot Didn't Do It: A Position Paper for the Workshop on Anticipatory Ethics, Responsibility and Artificial Agents. Workshop on Anticipatory Ethics, Responsibility and Artificial Agents 2013.
    This position paper addresses the issue of responsibility in the use of autonomous robotic systems. We are nowhere near autonomy in the philosophical sense, i.e., where there exists free agency and moral culpability for a non-human artificial agent. Sentient robots and the singularity are not concerns in the near to mid-term. While agents such as corporations can be held legally responsible for their actions, these exist of organizations under the direct control of humans. Intelligent robots, by virtue of their autonomous (...)
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  25. added 2016-07-22
    Ronald C. Arkin (2009). Governing Lethal Behavior in Autonomous Robots. .
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  26. added 2016-07-21
    John Harris (forthcoming). Moral Blindness – The Gift of the God Machine. Neuroethics:1-5.
    The continuing debate between Persson and Savulescu and myself over moral enhancement concerns two dimensions of a very large question. The large question is: what exactly makes something a moral enhancement? This large question needs a book length study and this I provide in my How to be Good, Oxford 2016.. In their latest paper Moral Bioenhancement, Freedom and Reason take my book as their point of departure and the first dimension of the big question they address is one that (...)
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  27. added 2016-07-21
    Andrew Edgar (forthcoming). Three Ways of Watching a Sports Video. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-13.
    It does not typically seem to be worthwhile rewatching a sport match, for example, in a video recording, once the result is known. Sports matches are like detective stories. Once one knows ‘whodunit’, there seems little point in revisiting the tale. By drawing on an argument from musicologist Edward T. Cone, this paper argues that certain sports matches may be revisited with profit. The initial experience of a game may be of a series of events that are often ambiguous or (...)
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  28. added 2016-07-21
    Bjørn Hofmann, Dušan Haustein & Laurens Landeweerd (forthcoming). Smart-Glasses: Exposing and Elucidating the Ethical Issues. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    The objective of this study is to provide an overview over the ethical issues relevant to the assessment, implementation, and use of smart-glasses. The purpose of the overview is to facilitate deliberation, decision making, and the formation of knowledge and norms for this emerging technology. An axiological question-based method for human cognitive enhancement including an extensive literature search on smart-glasses is used to identify relevant ethical issues. The search is supplemented with relevant ethical issues identified in the literature on human (...)
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  29. added 2016-07-21
    Seongtae Kim, Claudia Colicchia & David Menachof (forthcoming). Ethical Sourcing: An Analysis of the Literature and Implications for Future Research. Journal of Business Ethics.
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  30. added 2016-07-21
    Javad Yahaghi, Salmia Bnt Beddu & Zakaria Che Muda (forthcoming). Plagiarism in Publications Using the Unpublished Raw Data of Archived Research. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-2.
    It is obligatory to educate student researchers before they start their work by teaching them about the various types of plagiarism and how to avoid them. It is also vital that research supervisors take into account the sources of data that are explored in their students’ manuscripts. This article tries to draw the reader’s attention to the importance of avoiding all types of plagiarism in their research.
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  31. added 2016-07-21
    Ana Zimmermann & Soraia Saura (forthcoming). Body, Environment and Adventure: Experience and Spatiality. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-14.
    The purpose of this article is to investigate human spatiality and perception in general, with the experience of adventure sports as its background. These activities highlight especially our strong relationship with the world when we consider the specific way in which the environment participates in the development of human potential. We first analyse the notions of risk and instability as important elements in adventure sports. Then we explore the notion of experience and spatiality, considering the way in which we establish (...)
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  32. added 2016-07-21
    Whitney Barnett, Kirsty Brittain, Katherine Sorsdahl, Heather J. Zar & Dan J. Stein (2016). Maternal Participant Experience in a South African Birth Cohort Study Enrolling Healthy Pregnant Women and Their Infants. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 11 (1):3.
    BackgroundCritical to conducting high quality research is the ability to attract and retain participants, especially for longitudinal studies. Understanding participant experiences and motivators or barriers to participating in clinical research is crucial. There are limited data on healthy participant experiences in longitudinal research, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. This study aims to investigate quantitatively participant experiences in a South African birth cohort study.MethodsMaternal participant experience was evaluated by a self-administered survey in the Drakenstein Child Health Study, a longitudinal birth (...)
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  33. added 2016-07-20
    Doris Schroeder, Sally Dalton-Brown, Benjamin Schrempf & David Kaplan (2016). Responsible, Inclusive Innovation and the Nano-Divide. NanoEthics 10 (2):177-188.
    Policy makers from around the world are trying to emulate successful innovation systems in order to support economic growth. At the same time, innovation governance systems are being put in place to ensure a better integration of stakeholder views into the research and development process. In Europe, one of the most prominent and newly emerging governance frameworks is called Responsible Research and Innovation. This article aims to substantiate the following points: The concept of RRI and the concept of justice can (...)
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  34. added 2016-07-20
    Kimberly Jarvis (2016). Dilemmas in International Research and the Value of Practical Wisdom. Developing World Bioethics 16 (2):n/a-n/a.
    When conducting research in an international setting, in a country different than that of the researcher, unpredictable circumstances can arise. A study conducted by a novice North American researcher with a vulnerable population in northern Ghana highlights these happenings with an emphasis placed on the ethical challenges encountered. An illustration from the research is used to highlight an ethical dilemma while in the field, and how utilizing a moral decision-making framework can assist in making choices about a participant's right to (...)
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  35. added 2016-07-19
    Fiona MacCallum & Heather Widdows (forthcoming). Altered Images: Understanding the Influence of Unrealistic Images and Beauty Aspirations. Health Care Analysis:1-11.
    In this paper we consider the impact of digitally altered images on individuals’ body satisfaction and beauty aspirations. Drawing on current psychological literature we consider interventions designed to increase knowledge about the ubiquity and unreality of digital images and, in the form of labelling, provide information to the consumer. Such interventions are intended to address the negative consequences of unrealistic beauty ideals. However, contrary to expectations, such initiatives may not be effective, especially in the long-term, and may even be counter-productive. (...)
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  36. added 2016-07-19
    Anita Guerrini (2004). Deborah Rudacille.The Scalpel and the Butterfly: The Conflict Between Animal Research and Animal Protection. 390 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Index. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. $17.95. [REVIEW] Isis 95 (1):168-169.
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  37. added 2016-07-18
    Constantin Stoenescu (ed.) (2014). Etica cercetării şi proprietatea intelectuală. Editura Universitatii Din Bucuresti.
    Volumul îşi propune să aducă în discuţie un domeniu de probleme de actualitate aflat în discuţie publică. Studiile abordează aspecte cu încărcătură teoretică diferită, dar toate converg tematic spre aceeaşi problemă generală a relaţiei dintre etica cercetării şi competiţia pentru recunoaşterea meritelor prin asigurarea şi reglementarea dreptului la proprietate intelectuală.
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  38. added 2016-07-18
    Lavinia Marin (2014). Universitatea şi problema proprietăţii intelectuale. In Constantin Stoenescu (ed.), Etica cercetării şi proprietatea intelectuală. Editura Universitatii Din Bucuresti 125-152.
    În studiul Laviniei Marin, Universitatea şi problema proprietăţii intelectuale, este discutată problema actuală a tipului de universitate pe care îl presupune noua economie a cunoaşterii. Pornind de la interesul pentru cuantificarea performanţelor universităţilor şi stabilirea de ierarhii, autoarea ajunge la unele teme epistemologice privind reportul dintre cunoaşterea teoretică şi cunoaşterea practică şi cel dintre cunoaşterea explicită şi cunoaşterea tacită într-o societate în care însăşi cunoaşterea devine un capital, iar inovarea este modul în care se realizează performanţă.
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  39. added 2016-07-17
    John Danaher (forthcoming). Why Internal Moral Enhancement Might Be Politically Better Than External Moral Enhancement. Neuroethics.
    Technology could be used to improve morality but it could do so in different ways. Some technologies could augment and enhance moral behaviour externally by using external cues and signals to push and pull us towards morally appropriate behaviours. Other technologies could enhance moral behaviour internally by directly altering the way in which the brain captures and processes morally salient information or initiates moral action. The question is whether there is any reason to prefer one method over the other? In (...)
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  40. added 2016-07-17
    Jonathan Mensah Dapaah & Kodjo A. Senah (2016). HIV/AIDS Clients, Privacy and Confidentiality; the Case of Two Health Centres in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):41.
    BackgroundWhile most studies on HIV/AIDS often identify stigmatization and patients’ unwillingness to access health care as critical problems in the control of the pandemic, very few studies have focused on the possible consequences of accessing health care by sero-positives. This paper examines the socio-psychological trauma patients experience in their desire to access health care in two health facilities in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.MethodsThrough participant observation, informal conversation and in-depth interviews, data were collected from health workers and clients of the (...)
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  41. added 2016-07-17
    Subhasis Chattopadhyay (2016). Review of Interdisciplining Digital Humanities: Boundary Work in an Emerging Field. [REVIEW] Prabuddha Bharata or Awakened India 121 (7 (July)):577-8.
    This review makes a case for scholars putting up their works online and for removing pay-walls of any kind. Therefore, this review is in sync with the stated aims of philpapers.org.
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  42. added 2016-07-17
    Bente Hamnes, Yvonne van Eijk-Hustings & Jette Primdahl (2016). Readability of Patient Information and Consent Documents in Rheumatological Studies. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):42.
    BackgroundBefore participation in medical research an informed consent must be obtained. This study investigates whether the readability of patient information and consent documents corresponds to the average educational level of participants in rheumatological studies in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Norway.Methods24 PICDs from studies were collected and readability was assessed independently using the Gunning’s Fog Index and Simple Measure of Gobbledygook grading.ResultsThe mean score for the FOG and SMOG grades were 14.2 and 14.2 respectively. The mean FOG and SMOG grades were (...)
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  43. added 2016-07-16
    Simon Christopher Timm (forthcoming). Moral Intuition or Moral Disengagement? Cognitive Science Weighs in on the Animal Ethics Debate. Neuroethics:1-10.
    In this paper I problematize the use of appeals to the common intuitions people have about the morality of our society’s current treatment of animals in order to defend that treatment. I do so by looking at recent findings in the field of cognitive science. First I will examine the role that appeals to common intuition play in philosophical arguments about the moral worth of animals, focusing on the work of Carl Cohen and Richard Posner. After describing the theory of (...)
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  44. added 2016-07-16
    Preston Greene (forthcoming). Value in Very Long Lives. Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    As things currently stand, our deaths are unavoidable and our lifespans short. It might be thought that these qualities leave room for improvement. According to a prominent line of argument in philosophy, however, this thought is mistaken. Against the idea that a longer life would be better, it is claimed that negative psychological states, such as boredom, would be unavoidable if our lives were significantly longer. Against the idea that a deathless life would be better, it is claimed that such (...)
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  45. added 2016-07-16
    Rafael Boscolo-Berto, Massimo Montisci, Silvia Secco, Carolina D’Elia, Rosella Snenghi, Guido Viel & Santo Davide Ferrara (forthcoming). Association Between Financial Conflicts of Interests and Supportive Opinions for Erectile Dysfunction Treatment. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    A conflict of interest is a situation in which a person has competing loyalties or interests that make it difficult to fulfil his or her duties impartially. Conflict of interest is not categorically improper in itself but requires proper management. A SCOPUS literature search was performed for publications on the efficacy/safety of Phospho-Di-Esterase Inhibitors for treating erectile dysfunction. A categorization tool was used to review and classify the publications as supportive/not-supportive for the discussed active ingredient and reporting or not reporting (...)
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  46. added 2016-07-16
    Behnam Taebi & William E. Kastenberg (forthcoming). Teaching Engineering Ethics to PhD Students: A Berkeley–Delft Initiative. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-8.
    A joint effort by the University of California at Berkeley and Delft University of Technology to develop a graduate engineering ethics course for PhD students encountered two types of challenges: academic and institutional. Academically, long-term collaborative research efforts between engineering and philosophy faculty members might be needed before successful engineering ethics courses can be initiated; the teaching of ethics to engineering graduate students and collaborative research need to go hand-in-hand. Institutionally, both bottom-up approaches at the level of the faculty and (...)
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  47. added 2016-07-16
    Emily Reeve, Petra Denig, Sarah N. Hilmer & Ruud ter Meulen (forthcoming). The Ethics of Deprescribing in Older Adults. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    Deprescribing is the term used to describe the process of withdrawal of an inappropriate medication supervised by a clinician. This article presents a discussion of how the Four Principles of biomedical ethics that may guide medical practitioners’ prescribing practices apply to deprescribing medications in older adults. The view of deprescribing as an act creates stronger moral duties than if viewed as an omission. This may explain the fear of negative outcomes which has been reported by prescribers as a barrier to (...)
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  48. added 2016-07-16
    Jan Gogoll & Julian F. Müller (forthcoming). Autonomous Cars: In Favor of a Mandatory Ethics Setting. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
    The recent progress in the development of autonomous cars has seen ethical questions come to the forefront. In particular, life and death decisions regarding the behavior of self-driving cars in trolley dilemma situations are attracting widespread interest in the recent debate. In this essay we want to ask whether we should implement a mandatory ethics setting for the whole of society or, whether every driver should have the choice to select his own personal ethics setting. While the consensus view seems (...)
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  49. added 2016-07-16
    Lawrence O. Gostin (2016). Politics and Public Health: The Flint Drinking Water Crisis. Hastings Center Report 46 (4):5-6.
    The Flint, Michigan, lead drinking water crisis is perhaps the most vivid current illustration of health inequalities in the United States. Since 2014, Flint citizens—among the poorest in America, mostly African American—had complained that their tap water was foul and discolored. But city, state, and federal officials took no heed. In March 2016, an independent task force found fault at every level of government and also highlighted what may amount to criminal negligence for workers who seemingly falsified water-quality results, allowing (...)
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  50. added 2016-07-16
    Gregory E. Kaebnick (2016). Animal Intuitions. Hastings Center Report 46 (4):2-2.
    As described by Lori Gruen in the Perspective column at the back of this issue, federally supported biomedical research conducted on chimpanzees has now come to an end in the United States, although the wind-down has taken longer than expected. The process began with a 2011 Institute of Medicine report that set up several stringent criteria that sharply limited biomedical research. The National Institutes of Health accepted the recommendations and formed a committee to determine how best to implement them. The (...)
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