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Applied Ethics

Edited by Ezio Di Nucci (University of Copenhagen)
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  1. added 2016-12-06
    Kyle Johannsen (forthcoming). Animal Rights and the Problem of R-Strategists. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-13.
    Wild animal reproduction poses an important moral problem for animal rights theorists. Many wild animals give birth to large numbers of uncared-for offspring, and thus child mortality rates are far higher in nature than they are among human beings. In light of this reproductive strategy – traditionally referred to as the ‘r-strategy’ – does concern for the interests of wild animals require us to intervene in nature? In this paper, I argue that animal rights theorists should embrace fallibility-constrained interventionism: the (...)
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  2. added 2016-12-06
    van der Heijden Hein-Anton (2005). Ecological Restoration, Environmentalism and the Dutch Politics of 'New Nature'. Environmental Values 14 (4):427-446.
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  3. added 2016-12-05
    Marie Gaille & Ruth Horn (forthcoming). The Role of ‘Accompagnement’ in the End-of-Life Debate in France: From Solidarity to Autonomy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-15.
    This article traces the way autonomy has become a recognised value in health care in France. In a country that based its social fundamentals on the very idea of solidarity for many years, autonomy has long been considered a foreign ‘Anglo-American principle’. Taking the example of the end-of-life debate, the article shows, however, how the use of the French term ‘accompagnement’ allowed autonomy to be redefined and to be associated with the concept of solidarity. Exploring the arguments used over the (...)
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  4. added 2016-12-05
    Maia Szalavitz (forthcoming). Squaring the Circle: Addiction, Disease and Learning. Neuroethics:1-4.
    The history of ideas about addiction often comes down to a history of debates over the use and meaning of language. Nowhere is this more clear than in the interminable “Is addiction a ‘disease’?” debate. In Marc Lewis’ excellent Biology of Desire and in his paper that centers this issue, there is far more agreement between his work and mine than there is disagreement on the “disease” question. Here, however, I make a case for greater compatibility between the “disease” view (...)
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  5. added 2016-12-05
    Omar J. Alkhatib (forthcoming). A Moral Framework for the Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering: Part II. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-25.
    The construction industry is typically characterized as a fragmented, multi-organizational setting in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The most challenging obstacle in the construction process is to achieve a successful practice and to identify and apply an ethical framework to manage the behavior of involved specialists and contractors and to ensure the quality of all completed construction activities. The framework should reflect a common moral ground for myriad (...)
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  6. added 2016-12-05
    Pierre Cloarec (forthcoming). Social Equality and the Global Society. Journal of Moral Philosophy.
    Are democratic egalitarians bound to endorse statism? It seems so, since they insist on democratic reciprocity, and no such relation exists in the global realm. Would it not, then, be inconsistent to endorse both cosmopolitanism and democratic egalitarianism? Democratic egalitarians seemingly face a dilemma: either they accept statism, or they must explain why not. Luck egalitarianism, by contrast, seemingly grounds more straightforwardly the claim that justice is global in scope. My thesis is twofold: first, I show that democratic egalitarians can (...)
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  7. added 2016-12-05
    Dušanka M. Krajnović & Dragana D. Jocić (forthcoming). Experience and Attitudes Toward Informed Consent in Pharmacy Practice Research: Do Pharmacists Care? Science and Engineering Ethics:1-11.
    The experience and attitudes of pharmacists towards research ethics through pharmacy practice research is largely unknown. This study sought to examine the pharmacists’ experience if they were research participants and their attitudes on the importance of informed consent in research practice. A cross-sectional survey was employed to achieve the aims of this study. The majority of 433 participating pharmacists were female ; the average age was 43.2 ± 9.5 years, and their average working experience was 15.0 ± 9.6 years. Almost (...)
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  8. added 2016-12-05
    Galanos Vasileios (2016). Singularitarianism and Schizophrenia. AI and Society:1-18.
    Given the contemporary ambivalent standpoints toward the future of artificial intelligence, recently denoted as the phenomenon of Singularitarianism, Gregory Bateson’s core theories of ecology of mind, schismogenesis, and double bind, are hereby revisited, taken out of their respective sociological, anthropological, and psychotherapeutic contexts and recontextualized in the field of Roboethics as to a twofold aim: (a) the proposal of a rigid ethical standpoint toward both artificial and non-artificial agents, and (b) an explanatory analysis of the reasons bringing about such a (...)
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  9. added 2016-12-05
    Science European Group on Ethics in (2005). Ethical Aspects of ICT Implants in the Human Body. Jahrbuch für Wissenschaft Und Ethik 10 (1).
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  10. added 2016-12-05
    Lipman Matthew (1987). Ethical Reasoning and the Craft of Moral Practice. Journal of Moral Education 16 (2):139-147.
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  11. added 2016-12-04
    Benita Spronk, Margreet Stolper & Guy Widdershoven (forthcoming). Tragedy in Moral Case Deliberation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  12. added 2016-12-03
    Heather Reid (forthcoming). Athletes as Heroes and Role Models: An Ancient Model. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-12.
    A common argument for the social value of sport is that athletes serve as heroes who inspire people – especially young people – to strive for excellence. This argument has been questioned by sport philosophers at a variety of levels. Not only do athletes seem unsuited to be heroes or role models in the conventional sense, it is unclear more generally what the social and educational value of athletic excellence could be. In this essay, I construct an argument for the (...)
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  13. added 2016-12-03
    Jennifer Merchant (forthcoming). Privacy, Autonomy, and Public Policy: French and North American Perspectives. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-14.
    This article raises the question of whether in both the United States and in France, an individual’s autonomy and private decision-making right in matters of health care and access to reproductive technologies can be conciliated with the general interest, and more specifically, the role of the State. Can a full-fledged right to privacy, the ability to exercise one’s autonomy, exist alongside the general interest, and depend neither on financial resources like in the United States nor on centralised government decisions or (...)
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  14. added 2016-12-03
    Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Aceil Al-Khatib & Judit Dobránszki (forthcoming). Fortifying the Corrective Nature of Post-Publication Peer Review: Identifying Weaknesses, Use of Journal Clubs, and Rewarding Conscientious Behavior. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-14.
    Most departments in any field of science that have a sound academic basis have discussion groups or journal clubs in which pertinent and relevant literature is frequently discussed, as a group. This paper shows how such discussions could help to fortify the post-publication peer review movement, and could thus fortify the value of traditional peer review, if their content and conclusions were made known to the wider academic community. Recently, there are some tools available for making PPPR viable, either as (...)
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  15. added 2016-12-03
    Alan Patten (2016). The Normative Logic of Religious Liberty. Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (4).
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  16. added 2016-12-02
    Katie Attwell, Julie Leask, Samantha B. Meyer, Philippa Rokkas & Paul Ward (forthcoming). Vaccine Rejecting Parents’ Engagement With Expert Systems That Inform Vaccination Programs. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-12.
    In attempting to provide protection to individuals and communities, childhood immunization has benefits that far outweigh disease risks. However, some parents decide not to immunize their children with some or all vaccines for reasons including lack of trust in governments, health professionals, and vaccine manufacturers. This article employs a theoretical analysis of trust and distrust to explore how twenty-seven parents with a history of vaccine rejection in two Australian cities view the expert systems central to vaccination policy and practice. Our (...)
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  17. added 2016-12-02
    G. Thomas Couser (forthcoming). Disability, Depression, Diagnosis, and Harm: Reflections on Two Personal Scenarios. Journal of Medical Humanities.
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  18. added 2016-12-02
    Neil Krishan Aggarwal (forthcoming). Nation, Narration, and Health in Mohamedou Ould Slahi’s Guantánamo Diary. Journal of Medical Humanities.
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  19. added 2016-12-02
    Markus Christen & Johannes Katsarov (2016). Moral Sensitivity as a Precondition of Moral Distress. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):19-21.
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  20. added 2016-12-02
    Ryan H. Nelson (2016). Review of Matthew L. Baum, The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder1. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):20-22.
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  21. added 2016-12-02
    Carina Fourie (2016). The Ethical Significance of Moral Distress: Inequality and Nurses’ Constraint-Distress. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):23-25.
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  22. added 2016-12-02
    Jing-Bao Nie, Stuart Rennie, Adam Gilbertson & Joseph D. Tucker (2016). No More Militaristic and Violent Language in Medicine: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Healing Without Waging War: Beyond Military Metaphors in Medicine and HIV Cure Research”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):9-11.
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  23. added 2016-12-02
    Alistair Wardrope & Markus Reuber (2016). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Diagnosis By Television Documentary: Professional Responsibilities in Informal Encounters”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):12-14.
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  24. added 2016-12-02
    Thomas May, James P. Evans, Kimberly A. Strong, Kaija L. Zusevics, Arthur R. Derse, Jessica Jeruzal, Alison LaPean Kirschner, Michael H. Farrell & Harold D. Grotevant (2016). Issues of “Cost, Capabilities, and Scope” in Characterizing Adoptees' Lack of “Genetic-Relative Family Health History” as an Avoidable Health Disparity: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Does Lack of ‘Genetic-Relative Family Health History’ Represent a Potentially Avoidable Health Disparity for Adoptees?”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):4-8.
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  25. added 2016-12-02
    Haavi Morreim (2016). Moral Distress and Conflict of Interest. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):27-29.
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  26. added 2016-12-02
    Richard M. Lee, Oh Myo Kim & Heewon Lee (2016). Unpacking Reasons for Genetic Testing of Adoptees. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):39-40.
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  27. added 2016-12-02
    Tessy Ann Thomas & Courtenay Rose Bruce (2016). Moral Distress: Professional Integrity as the Basis for Taxonomies. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):11-13.
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  28. added 2016-12-02
    Stephen M. Campbell, Connie M. Ulrich & Christine Grady (2016). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “A Broader Understanding of Moral Distress”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):1-3.
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  29. added 2016-12-02
    Gwendolyn P. Quinn & Susan T. Vadaparampil (2016). Begging the Question: The Fallacy of Adoptees as a Health Disparity. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):47-48.
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  30. added 2016-12-02
    Stephen R. Latham (2016). Moral Distress and Cooperation With Wrongdoing. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):31-32.
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  31. added 2016-12-02
    Sarah Winsberg (2016). Attorney ‘Mal-Practices’: An Invisible Ethical Problem in the Early American Republic. Legal Ethics 19 (2):187-206.
    ABSTRACTLawyers and judges in the early American republic were surprisingly reluctant to penalise colleagues for malpractice and misconduct towards clients. Though they were part of a legal culture obsessed with preserving lawyers’ moral rectitude, they nonetheless remained sceptical of attempts to address malpractice. This article explores that apparent contradiction. I analyse allegedly wronged clients’ unsuccessful attempts to seek legal satisfaction, whether in civil, criminal, or professional suspension proceedings. I find that the period’s public-spirited legal ethics was in fact a major (...)
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  32. added 2016-12-02
    Andrew McAninch (2016). Moral Distress, Moral Injury, and Moral Luck. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):29-31.
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  33. added 2016-12-02
    Erin Phinney Johnson (2016). Review of I. Glenn Cohen and Holly Fernandez Lynch, Eds., Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future1 1. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2014, 373 Pp., $35.00 Paperback. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):15-16.
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  34. added 2016-12-02
    Alyssa M. Burgart & Katherine E. Kruse (2016). Moral Distress in Clinical Ethics: Expanding the Concept. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):1-1.
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  35. added 2016-12-02
    Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ashley R. Hurst, Dea Mahanes, Mary Faith Marshall & Ann B. Hamric (2016). Is Broader Better? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):15-17.
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  36. added 2016-12-02
    David B. Resnik (2016). Moral Distress in Scientific Research. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):13-15.
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  37. added 2016-12-02
    Carolyn W. April & Michael D. April (2016). Understanding Moral Distress Through the Lens of Social Reflective Equilibrium. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):25-27.
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  38. added 2016-12-02
    Lucia D. Wocial (2016). A Misunderstanding of Moral Distress. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):21-23.
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  39. added 2016-12-02
    Julieta Manterola (2016). Pobreza y justicia globales: una interpretación moderada de los argumentos de Thomas Pogge. Dissertation, Universidad de Buenos Aires
    Este trabajo se propone defender una interpretación moderada de los argumentos de Thomas Pogge sobre justicia y pobreza globales, elaborados en su libro La pobreza en el mundo y los derechos humanos. Para esto, se analizará minuciosamente la reconstrucción que los críticos hacen de los argumentos de Pogge. Con esto, se espera poner de manifiesto que dicha reconstrucción se aleja en muchos casos de una interpretación mínimamente caritativa y malinterpreta los argumentos originales de este autor. Así, en este trabajo, se (...)
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  40. added 2016-12-02
    Thomas May, Kimberly A. Strong, Kaija L. Zusevics, Jessica Jeruzal, Michael H. Farrell, Alison LaPean Kirschner, Arthur R. Derse, James P. Evans & Harold D. Grotevant (2016). Does Lack of “Genetic-Relative Family Health History” Represent a Potentially Avoidable Health Disparity for Adoptees? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):33-38.
    Many adoptees face a number of challenges relating to separation from biological parents during the adoption process, including issues concerning identity, intimacy, attachment, and trust, as well as language and other cultural challenges. One common health challenge faced by adoptees involves lack of access to genetic-relative family health history. Lack of GRFHx represents a disadvantage due to a reduced capacity to identify diseases and recommend appropriate screening for conditions for which the adopted person may be at increased risk. In this (...)
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  41. added 2016-12-02
    Vardit Ravitsky (2016). Donor Conception and Lack of Access to Genetic Heritage. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):45-46.
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  42. added 2016-12-02
    Stephanie M. Fullerton (2016). No Panacea: Next-Gen Sequencing Will Not Mitigate Adoptees’ Lack of Genetic Family Health History. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):41-43.
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  43. added 2016-12-02
    Kyle Thomsen (2016). A Right to Genetic Family History. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):50-52.
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  44. added 2016-12-02
    Jules Odendahl-James (2016). Review of Karen H. Rothenberg and Lynn Wein Bush, The Drama of DNA: Narrative Genomics1. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):17-19.
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  45. added 2016-12-02
    Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2016). Lack of Access to Genetic-Relative Family Health History: A Health Disparity for Adoptees? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):43-45.
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  46. added 2016-12-02
    Moti Gorin (2016). The Role of Responsibility in Moral Distress. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):10-11.
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  47. added 2016-12-02
    Robin Pierce (2016). Technology-Driven “Disparities” and Technological Solutions. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):48-50.
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  48. added 2016-12-02
    Matthew J. Barker (2015). Science and Values. Eugenics Archive.
  49. added 2016-12-01
    Thana Cristina de Campos (forthcoming). Zika, Public Health, and the Distraction of Abortion. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  50. added 2016-12-01
    J. Michael Cavanaugh (1994). An Intensifying University/Corporate Research Interface. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 5:141-143.
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1 — 50 / 1065