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Applied Ethics

Edited by Ezio Di Nucci (University of Copenhagen)
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  1. added 2016-05-01
    Richard G. Cockerill & Lance Wahlert (forthcoming). Erratum To: AIDS Panic in the Twenty-First Century: The Tenuous Legal Status of HIV-Positive Persons in America. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-1.
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  2. added 2016-05-01
    Rusty Souleymanov, Dario Kuzmanović, Zack Marshall, Ayden I. Scheim, Mikiki Mikiki, Catherine Worthington & Margaret Millson (2016). The Ethics of Community-Based Research with People Who Use Drugs: Results of a Scoping Review. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-13.
    BackgroundDrug user networks and community-based organizations advocate for greater, meaningful involvement of people with lived experience of drug use in research, programs and services, and policy initiatives. Community-based approaches to research provide an opportunity to engage people who use drugs in all stages of the research process. Conducting community-based participatory research with people who use drugs has its own ethical challenges that are not necessarily acknowledged or supported by institutional ethics review boards. We conducted a scoping review to identify ethical (...)
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  3. added 2016-05-01
    Subhasis Chattopadhyay (2015). Review of Manifesting Inherent Perfection. [REVIEW] Vedanta Kesari:442-3.
    This review makes a case for holistic education and calls for revamping Indian education, using the pedagogical methods available in this book.
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  4. added 2016-04-30
    Paul Scott (forthcoming). Democracy, Law and Relationships of Domination—A Response to ‘Can Republicanism Tame Public Health?’. Public Health Ethics:phw023.
    This brief comment responds to some of the issues raised by Daniel Weinstock’s paper on the application of the republican ideal to public health. It considers the application outside of that specific context of both the problem Weinstock identifies and the solution he proposes. It queries, with reference to the different sorts of relationships of domination which exist, whether a republican approach to public health might not be better to seek to begin from private relationships of domination and to define (...)
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  5. added 2016-04-30
    Hugh V. McLachlan (forthcoming). What Moral Status Should Be Accorded to Those Human Beings Who Have Profound Intellectual Disabilities? A Reply to Curtis and Vehmas. Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2016-103558.
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  6. added 2016-04-30
    Jon Tilburt & Baruch Brody (forthcoming). Doubly Distributing Special Obligations: What Professional Practice Can Learn From Parenting. Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2015-103071.
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  7. added 2016-04-30
    Adam Oliver (forthcoming). Distinguishing Between Experienced Utility and Remembered Utility. Public Health Ethics:phw014.
    In his 2015 book, Valuing Health, the philosopher, Daniel Hausman, in referring to experienced utility maximization, touches on the question of whether people accept, and ought to accept, the assumption of health maximization vis-à-vis their own lives. This essay introduces Hausman’s arguments on experienced utility, before outlining the intellectual catalyst for the renewed interest in the maximization of experienced utility as an appropriate ethical rule; namely, the literature that arose in the 1990s that demonstrated that due to the so-called gestalt (...)
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  8. added 2016-04-30
    Kavita Shah Arora & Allan Joel Jacobs (forthcoming). Response to WHO. Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2016-103606.
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  9. added 2016-04-30
    Gusztáv Kovács (2014). Új szülők, új gyermekek: Miképpen változtatja meg szülői felelősségünket a reprodukciós medicina. PPHF.
    The book discusses the development of reproductive medicine from the perspective of the parent-child relationship. -/- A könyv a reprodukciós medicina fejlődését vizsgálja a szülői felelősség szempontjából.
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  10. added 2016-04-30
    Kovács Gusztáv (2013). Bioethische Themen im Neuen Grundgesetz von Ungarn. ET-Studies 4 (2):341-348.
    Bioethische Themen im Neuen Grundgesetz von Ungarn.
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  11. added 2016-04-29
    Olaf Dammann (forthcoming). Causality, Mosaics, and the Health Sciences. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-8.
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  12. added 2016-04-29
    Tineke Broer, Martyn Pickersgill & Ian J. Deary (forthcoming). The Movement of Research From the Laboratory to the Living Room: A Case Study of Public Engagement with Cognitive Science. Neuroethics:1-13.
    Media reporting of science has consequences for public debates on the ethics of research. Accordingly, it is crucial to understand how the sciences of the brain and the mind are covered in the media, and how coverage is received and negotiated. The authors report here their sociological findings from a case study of media coverage and associated reader comments of an article from Annals of Neurology. The media attention attracted by the article was high for cognitive science; further, as associates/members (...)
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  13. added 2016-04-29
    Inez Raes, An Ravelingien & Guido Pennings (forthcoming). Donor Conception Disclosure: Directive or Non-Directive Counselling? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    It is widely agreed among health professionals that couples using donor insemination should be offered counselling on the topic of donor conception disclosure. However, it is clear from the literature that there has long been a lack of agreement about which counselling approach should be used in this case: a directive or a non-directive approach. In this paper we investigate which approach is ethically justifiable by balancing the two underlying principles of autonomy and beneficence. To overrule one principle in favour (...)
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  14. added 2016-04-29
    Beth Clark, Gavin B. Stewart, Luca A. Panzone, I. Kyriazakis & Lynn J. Frewer (forthcoming). A Systematic Review of Public Attitudes, Perceptions and Behaviours Towards Production Diseases Associated with Farm Animal Welfare. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics:1-24.
    Increased productivity may have negative impacts on farm animal welfare in modern animal production systems. Efficiency gains in production are primarily thought to be due to the intensification of production, and this has been associated with an increased incidence of production diseases, which can negatively impact upon FAW. While there is a considerable body of research into consumer attitudes towards FAW, the extent to which this relates specifically to a reduction in production diseases in intensive systems, and whether the increased (...)
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  15. added 2016-04-29
    Rosemarie D. L. C. Bernabe, Ghislaine J. M. W. Van Thiel & Johannes J. M. Van Delden (2016). What Do International Ethics Guidelines Say in Terms of the Scope of Medical Research Ethics? BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-18.
    BackgroundIn research ethics, the most basic question would always be, “which is an ethical issue, which is not?” Interestingly, depending on which ethics guideline we consult, we may have various answers to this question. Though we already have several international ethics guidelines for biomedical research involving human participants, ironically, we do not have a harmonized document which tells us what these various guidelines say and shows us the areas of consensus. In this manuscript, we attempted to do just that.MethodsWe extracted (...)
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  16. added 2016-04-29
    Christopher Martin & Claudia W. Ruitenberg (2016). Ethics in Professional Education: Introduction to the Special Issue. Ethics and Education 11 (1):1-4.
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  17. added 2016-04-29
    Morten Magelssen, Magne Supphellen, Per Nortvedt & Lars Johan Materstvedt (2016). Attitudes Towards Assisted Dying Are Influenced by Question Wording and Order: A Survey Experiment. BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundSurveys on attitudes towards assisted dying play an important role in informing public debate, policy and legislation. Unfortunately, surveys are often designed with insufficient attention to framing effects; that is, effects on the respondents’ stated attitudes caused by question wording and context. The purpose of this study was to demonstrate and measure such framing effects.MethodsSurvey experiment in which an eight-question survey on attitudes towards assisted dying was distributed to Norwegian citizens through a web-based panel. Two variations of question wording as (...)
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  18. added 2016-04-28
    Anthony Carreras (forthcoming). Amicably Deceived. Philosophical Papers.
    A widely accepted thesis in the philosophy of friendship is what I call "the self-knowledge thesis," which says that good friendship is essentially such as to conduce to self-knowledge. I argue in this paper that the self-knowledge thesis is false. Good friendship need not conduce to self-knowledge, for it is part of the nature and value of friendship that it might lead us to form false beliefs about ourselves.
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  19. added 2016-04-28
    Richard Heersmink (forthcoming). Distributed Selves: Personal Identity and Extended Memory Systems. Synthese:1-17.
    This paper explores the implications of extended and distributed cognition theory for our notions of personal identity. On an extended and distributed approach to cognition, external information is under certain conditions constitutive of memory. On a narrative approach to personal identity, autobiographical memory is constitutive of our diachronic self. In this paper, I bring these two approaches together and argue that external information can be constitutive of one’s autobiographical memory and thus also of one’s diachronic self. (...)
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  20. added 2016-04-28
    Servaas Storm (forthcoming). How the Invisible Hand is Supposed to Adjust the Natural Thermostat: A Guide for the Perplexed. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-25.
    Mainstream climate economics takes global warming seriously, but perplexingly concludes that the optimal economic policy is to almost do nothing about it. This conclusion can be traced to just a few “normative” assumptions, over which there exists fundamental disagreement amongst economists. This paper explores two axes of this disagreement. The first axis measures faith in the invisible hand to adjust the natural thermostat. The second axis expresses differences in views on the efficiency and equity implications of climate action. (...)
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  21. added 2016-04-28
    Ernest Drucker, Kenneth Anderson, Robert Haemmig, Robert Heimer, Dan Small, Alex Walley, Evan Wood & Ingrid van Beek (forthcoming). Treating Addictions: Harm Reduction in Clinical Care and Prevention. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    This paper examines the role of clinical practitioners and clinical researchers internationally in establishing the utility of harm-reduction approaches to substance use. It thus illustrates the potential for clinicians to play a pivotal role in health promoting structural interventions based on harm-reduction goals and public health models. Popular media images of drug use as uniformly damaging, and abstinence as the only acceptable goal of treatment, threaten to distort clinical care away from a basis in evidence, which shows that some ways (...)
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  22. added 2016-04-28
    Raanan Gillon (forthcoming). Why I Wrote My Advance Decision to Refuse Life-Prolonging Treatment: And Why the Law on Sanctity of Life Remains Problematic. Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2016-103538.
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  23. added 2016-04-28
    Idil Boran (forthcoming). Principles of Public Reason in the UNFCCC: Rethinking the Equity Framework. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-19.
    Since 2011, the focus of international negotiations under the UNFCCC has been on producing a new climate agreement to be adopted in 2015. This phase of negotiations is known as the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action. The goal has been to update the global effort on climate for long-term cooperation. In this period, various changes have been contemplated on the design of the architecture of the global climate effort. Whereas previously, the negotiation process consisted of setting mandated targets exclusively for (...)
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  24. added 2016-04-28
    Keith W. Miller, Marty J. Wolf & Frances Grodzinsky (forthcoming). This “Ethical Trap” Is for Roboticists, Not Robots: On the Issue of Artificial Agent Ethical Decision-Making. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-13.
    In this paper we address the question of when a researcher is justified in describing his or her artificial agent as demonstrating ethical decision-making. The paper is motivated by the amount of research being done that attempts to imbue artificial agents with expertise in ethical decision-making. It seems clear that computing systems make decisions, in that they make choices between different options; and there is scholarship in philosophy that addresses the distinction between ethical decision-making and general decision-making. Essentially, the qualitative (...)
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  25. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (forthcoming). A Bioethic of Communion: Beyond Care and the Four Principles with Regard to Reproduction. In Marta Soniewicka (ed.), The Ethics of Reproductive Genetics - Between Utility, Principles, and Virtues. Springer ch. 6.
    English-speaking research on morally right decisions in a healthcare context over the past three decades has been dominated by two major perspectives, namely, the Four Principles, of which the principle of respect for autonomy has been most salient, and the ethic of care, often presented as a rival to not only a focus on autonomy but also a reliance on principles more generally. In my contribution, I present a novel ethic applicable to bioethics, particular as it concerns reproductive genetics, that (...)
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  26. added 2016-04-27
    Fay Niker, Peter B. Reiner & Gidon Felsen (2016). Pre-Authorization: A Novel Decision-Making Heuristic That May Promote Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):27-29.
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  27. added 2016-04-27
    J. S. Blumenthal-Barby (2016). Biases and Heuristics in Decision Making and Their Impact on Autonomy. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):5-15.
    Cognitive scientists have identified a wide range of biases and heuristics in human decision making over the past few decades. Only recently have bioethicists begun to think seriously about the implications of these findings for topics such as agency, autonomy, and consent. This article aims to provide an overview of biases and heuristics that have been identified and a framework in which to think comprehensively about the impact of them on the exercise of autonomous decision making. I analyze the impact (...)
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  28. added 2016-04-27
    David Campbell (2016). Relevance and Guidance: Two Questions for the Seven Grandfathers. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):48-49.
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  29. added 2016-04-27
    Abraham P. Schwab (2016). Applying Heuristics and Biases More Broadly and Cautiously. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):25-27.
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  30. added 2016-04-27
    Scott D. Halpern (2016). Judging Nudges. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):16-18.
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  31. added 2016-04-27
    Dennis H. McPherson & J. Douglas Rabb (2016). Further Reflections on the Seven Grandfathers: Bringing Native American Values to Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):46-47.
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  32. added 2016-04-27
    Andrew Crowden (2016). Indigenous Health Care, Bioethics and the Influence of Place. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):56-58.
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  33. added 2016-04-27
    Lisa H. Harris, Neil S. Silverman & Mary Faith Marshall (2016). The Paradigm of the Paradox: Women, Pregnant Women, and the Unequal Burdens of the Zika Virus Pandemic. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):1-4.
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  34. added 2016-04-27
    Charles Foster (2016). Aboriginal Health Care: The Seven Grandfathers Trump the Four Principles. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):54-56.
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  35. added 2016-04-27
    Moti Gorin (2016). Welfare First, Autonomy Second. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):18-20.
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  36. added 2016-04-27
    Jaro Kotalik & Gerry Martin (2016). Aboriginal Health Care and Bioethics: A Reflection on the Teaching of the Seven Grandfathers. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):38-43.
    Contemporary bioethics recognizes the importance of the culture in shaping ethical issues, yet in practice, a process for ethical analysis and decision making is rarely adjusted to the culture and ethnicity of involved parties. This is of a particular concern in a health care system that is caring for a growing Aboriginal population. We raise the possibility of constructing a bioethics grounded in traditional Aboriginal knowledge. As an example of an element of traditional knowledge that contains strong ethical guidance, we (...)
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  37. added 2016-04-27
    Daryl Pullman & Fern Brunger (2016). Acknowledging Diversity of Meaning: A Reflection on American Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):44-46.
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  38. added 2016-04-27
    Julija Kelecevic (2016). The Story Moved Me, But Will It Move Health Care Forward? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):58-59.
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  39. added 2016-04-27
    Camilla Scanlan, Cameron Stewart & Ian Kerridge (2016). Decision Making in the Shadow of Death. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):23-24.
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  40. added 2016-04-27
    Peter H. Schwartz (2016). Comparative Risk: Good or Bad Heuristic? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):20-22.
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  41. added 2016-04-27
    Elliott Mark Weiss & David A. Munson (2016). Action and Uncertainty in Neonatal Intensive Care. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):31-33.
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  42. added 2016-04-27
    Shaun A. Stevenson & Stuart J. Murray (2016). Aboriginal Bioethics as Critical Bioethics: The Virtue of Narrative. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):52-54.
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  43. added 2016-04-27
    Jessica Bardill & Nanibaa' A. Garrison (2016). New Words and Old Stories: Indigenous Teachings in Health Care and Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):50-52.
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  44. added 2016-04-27
    Rosamond Rhodes (2016). How to Respond to Knowledge About Biases. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):29-31.
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  45. added 2016-04-27
    Yolonda Wilson, Marion Danis & Amina White (2016). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Bioethicists Can and Should Contribute to Addressing Racism”. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):1-4.
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  46. added 2016-04-27
    Suzanne Metselaar, Gerben Meynen & Guy Widdershoven (2016). Reconsidering Bias: A Hermeneutic Perspective. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (5):33-35.
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  47. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2012). Animal Rights and the Interpretation of the South African Constitution. In David Bilchitz & Stu Woolman (eds.), Is This Seat Taken? Conversations at the Bar, the Bench and the Academy. Pretoria University Law Press 209-219.
    In this chapter, a reprinted article from Southern African Public Law (2010), I argue that, even supposing substantive principles of distributive justice entail that animals warrant constitutional protection, there are other, potentially weightier forms of injustice that would probably be done by interpreting a Bill of Rights as implicitly applying to animals, namely, formal injustice and compensatory injustice. Formal injustice would result from such a reading of the Constitution in that the state would fail to speak with one voice upon (...)
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  48. added 2016-04-27
    Thaddeus Metz (2010). Human Dignity, Capital Punishment, and an African Moral Theory. In Luis Arroyo, Paloma Biglino & William Schabas (eds.), Towards Universal Abolition of the Death Penalty. Tirant Lo Blanch 337-366.
    In this chapter, a reprint of an article initially appearing in the Journal of Human Rights (2010), I spell out a conception of dignity grounded on African moral thinking that provides a plausible philosophical foundation for human rights, focusing on the particular human right not to be executed by the state. I first demonstrate that the South African Constitutional Court’s sub-Saharan explanations of why the death penalty is degrading all counterintuitively entail that using deadly force against aggressors is degrading as (...)
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  49. added 2016-04-26
    Paul Bali, An Animal Exits \ an Index [Extended].
    a [draft] index for my forthcoming work An Animal Exits.
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  50. added 2016-04-26
    Joel Michael Reynolds (2015). The Ableism of Quality of Life Judgments in Disorders of Consciousness: Who Bears Epistemic Responsibility? AJOB Neuroscience 7 (1):59-61.
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