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Applied Ethics

Assistant editor: Emma Ryman (University of Western Ontario)
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  1. added 2014-07-27
    Alex Voorhoeve, Ole Fritjof Norheim & Trygve Ottersen (forthcoming). Precis of Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage. Health Economics, Policy and Law.
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  2. added 2014-07-27
    Rebecca Bamford (forthcoming). Getting Even More Specific About Physicians’ Obligations: Justice, Responsibility, and Professionalism. American Journal of Bioethics.
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  3. added 2014-07-26
    Jaworska Agnieszka & Tannenbaum Julie (forthcoming). Who Has the Capacity to Participate as a Rearee in a Person-Rearing Relationship. Ethics.
    We discuss applications of our account of moral status grounded in person-rearing relationships: which individuals have higher moral status or not, and why? We cover three classes of cases: (1) cases involving incomplete realization of the capacity to care, including whether infants or fetuses have this incomplete capacity; (2) cases in which higher moral status rests in part on what is required for the being to flourish; (3) hypothetical cases in which cognitive enhancements could, e.g., help dogs achieve human-like cognitive (...)
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  4. added 2014-07-23
    Nathaniel Sharadin (forthcoming). How You Can Reasonably Form Expectations When You're Expecting. Res Philosophica.
    L.A. Paul has argued that an ordinary, natural way of making a decision -- by reflecting on the phenomenal character of the experiences one will have as a result of that decision -- cannot yield rational decision in certain cases. Paul's argument turns on the (in principle) epistemically inaccessible phenomenal character of certain experiences. In this paper I argue that, even granting Paul a range of assumptions, her argument doesn't work to establish its conclusion. This is because, as I argue, (...)
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  5. added 2014-07-23
    Neema Sofaer, Penney Lewis & Hugh Davies, Care After Research: A Framework for NHS RECs. Health Research Authority.
    Care after research is for participants after they have finished the study. Often it is NHS-provided healthcare for the medical condition that the study addresses. Sometimes it includes the study intervention, whether funded and supplied by the study sponsor, NHS or other party. The NHS has the primary responsibility for care after research. However, researchers are responsible at least for explaining and justifying what will happen to participants once they have finished. RECs are responsible for considering the arrangements. There are (...)
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  6. added 2014-07-23
    Bryn Williams-Jones & Béatrice Doize (2010). Managing Antimicrobial Resistance In Food Production: Conflicts Of Interest And Politics In The Development Of Public Health Policy. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 5 (1):156-169.
    Antimicrobial resistance is a growing public health concern and is associated with the over- or inappropriate use of antimicrobials in both humans and agriculture. While there has been recognition of this problem on the part of agricultural and public health authorities, there has nonetheless been significant difficulty in translating policy recommendations into practical guidelines. In this paper, we examine the process of public health policy development in Quebec agriculture, with a focus on the case of pork production and the role (...)
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  7. added 2014-07-23
    Daniel Weinstock (2010). The Political Ethics of Health. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 5 (1):105-118.
    This paper seeks to provide an overview of some of the main areas of debate that have emerged in recent years at the interface between theories of justice and health care. First, the paper considers various positions as to what the index of justice with respect to health ought to be. It warns on practical and principled grounds against conceptual inflation of the notion of "health" as it appears in theories of distributive justice. Second, it considers how various standards according (...)
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  8. added 2014-07-21
    Christian Barry & Kate Macdonald (forthcoming). How Should We Conceive of Individual Consumer Responsibility to Address Labour Injustices? In Yossi Dahan, Hanna Lerner & Faina Milman-Sivan (eds.), Global Justice and International Labour Rights. Cambridge.
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  9. added 2014-07-21
    Anne Siegetsleitner (2014). Ethik und Moral im Wiener Kreis. Zur Geschichte eines engagierten Humanismus. Böhlau.
    Die vorliegende Schrift unternimmt eine Revision des vorherrschenden Bildes der Rolle und der Konzeptionen von Moral und Ethik im Wiener Kreis. Dieses Bild wird als zu einseitig und undifferenziert zurückgewiesen. Die Ansicht, die Mitglieder des Wiener Kreises hätten kein Interesse an Moral und Ethik gezeigt, wird widerlegt. Viele Mitglieder waren nicht nur moralisch und politisch interessiert, sondern auch engagiert. Des Weiteren vertraten nicht alle die Standardauffassung logisch-empiristischer Ethik, die neben der Anerkennung deskriptiv-empirischer Untersuchungen durch die Ablehnung jeglicher normativer und inhaltlicher (...)
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  10. added 2014-07-20
    Matthew Rendall (forthcoming). Carbon Leakage and the Argument From No Difference. Environmental Values.
    Critics of carbon mitigation often appeal to what Jonathan Glover has called ‘the argument from no difference’: that is, ‘If I don’t do it, someone else will’. Yet even if this justifies continued high emissions by the industrialised countries, it cannot excuse business as usual. The North’s emissions might not harm the victims of climate change in the sense of making them worse off than they would otherwise be. Nevertheless, it receives benefits produced at the latter’s expense, with the result (...)
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  11. added 2014-07-16
    Madison Powers (2014). Climate Matters: Ethics in a Warming World by John Broome (Review). [REVIEW] Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (2):1-5.
    John Broome’s Climate Matters is a timely, elegant, and accessible book. His book is deliberately interdisciplinary, as is much of his work in moral philosophy more generally. The discussion of what should be done, and by whom, to prevent the adverse effects of climate change is informed by many years of philosophical engagement with economic theory, especially problems arising in the conceptualization and technical implementation of cost-benefit analysis.The central arguments in the book are informed as well by a longstanding engagement (...)
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  12. added 2014-07-16
    Denis G. Arnold (ed.) (2011). Ethics of Global Climate Change. Cambridge University Press.
    Global climate change is one of the most daunting ethical and political challenges confronting humanity in the twenty-first century. The intergenerational and transnational ethical issues raised by climate change have been the focus of a significant body of scholarship. In this new collection of essays, leading scholars engage and respond to first-generation scholarship and argue for new ways of thinking about our ethical obligations to present and future generations. Topics addressed in these essays include moral accountability for energy consumption and (...)
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  13. added 2014-07-14
    John Broome (2012). Climate Matters. W. W. Norton.
    Esteemed philosopher John Broome avoids the familiar ideological stances on climate change policy and examines the issue through an invigorating new lens. As he considers the moral dimensions of climate change, he reasons clearly through what universal standards of goodness and justice require of us, both as citizens and as governments. His conclusions—some as demanding as they are logical—will challenge and enlighten. Eco-conscious readers may be surprised to hear they have a duty to offset all their carbon emissions, while policy (...)
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  14. added 2014-07-14
    Gal Kober (2008). On The Relative Repugnance of Kidney Markets. In Proceedings of the International Applied Ethics Conference, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan, 21-23 November 2008. Center for Applied Ethics and Philosophy (CAEP) Hokkaido University. 153-164.
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  15. added 2014-07-14
    Henry Shue (1993). Subsistence Emissions and Luxury Emissions. Law and Policy 15 (1):39–59.
    In order to decide whether a comprehensive treaty covering all greenhouse gases is the best next step after UNCED, one needs to distinguish among the four questions about the international justice of such international arrangements: (1) What is a fair allocation of the costs of preventing the global warming that is still avoidable?; (2) What is a fair allocation of the costs of coping with the social consequences of the global warming that will not in fact be avoided?; (3) What (...)
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  16. added 2014-07-13
    Andy Lamey (2013). Feeling is Good, But Choosing is Better. [REVIEW] Scope (September 17).
    A Review of Can Animals Be Moral?, by Mark Rowlands (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
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  17. added 2014-07-10
    Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Arleen Salles (forthcoming). Moral Bioenhancement: Much Ado About Nothing? Bioethics.
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  18. added 2014-07-10
    Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2014). The Ethics of Anonymous Gamete Donation: Is There a Right to Know One's Genetic Origins? Hastings Center Report 44 (2).
    A growing number of jurisdictions hold that gamete donors must be identifiable to the children born with their eggs or sperm, on grounds that being able to know about one's genetic origins is a fundamental moral right. But the argument for that belief has not yet been adequately made.
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  19. added 2014-07-10
    Ayelet Shachar (2012). Just Membership: Between Ideals and Harsh Realities. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):71-88.
    In this paper, Ayelet Shachar begins by restating the main idea of her important book The Birthright Lottery : Citizenship and Global Inequality (Harvard, Harvard University Press, 2009) and then goes on to address in a constructive spirit the main themes raised by the five preceding comments written by scholars in the fields of law, philosophy and political science.
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  20. added 2014-07-10
    Víctor M. Muñiz-Fraticelli (2012). What Justice Entails. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):18-33.
    In The Birthright Lottery, Ayelet Shachar subjects the institution of birthright citizenship to close scrutiny by applying to citizenship the historical and philosophical critique of hereditary ownership built up over four centuries of liberal and democratic theory, and proposing compelling alternatives drawn from the theory of private law to the usual modes of conveyance of membership. Nonetheless, there are some difficulties with this critique. First, the analogy between entailed property and birthright citizenship is not as illustrative as Shachar intends it (...)
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  21. added 2014-07-10
    Ayelet Shachar (2012). Le casse-tête de la citoyenneté par droit de naissance. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):89-116.
    Cet article est la traduction française de l’introduction du livre d’Ayelet Shachar, «The Puzzle of Birthright Citizenship», avec la permission de l’éditeur, tirée de The Birthright Lottery : Citizenship and Global Inequality, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp.1-18. © 2009 President and Fellows of Harvard College. Traduction de Martin Provencher.
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  22. added 2014-07-09
    Ezio Di Nucci (2014). Ethics Without Intention. Bloomsbury.
    Ethics Without Intention tackles the questions raised by difficult moral dilemmas by providing a critical analysis of double effect and its most common ethical and political applications. The book discusses the philosophical distinction between intended harm and foreseen but unintended harm. This distinction, which, according to the doctrine of double effect, makes a difference to the moral justification of actions, is widely applied to some of the most controversial ethical and political questions of our time: collateral damages in wars and (...)
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  23. added 2014-07-08
    Anne Burkard (2014). Wie sich die ungleiche Berücksichtigung von Menschen und Tieren nicht verteidigen lässt. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 68 (2):153-179.
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  24. added 2014-07-08
    Saladin Meckled-Garcia (2013). The Practice-Dependence Red Herring and Better Reasons for Restricting the Scope of Justice. Raisons Politiques 51:97-120.
    In this paper, I make three points. The first is that there is indeed a distinctive approach to moral methodology, different from standard moral reasoning, that can be described as “practice-dependence”. I argue that its distinctness lies in recommending an aptness claim , namely that moral principles for regulating social practices must be principles for better fulfilling the point of those practices, a point discoverable in shared understandings of the practice. Participants treat domestic political societies as having a different point (...)
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  25. added 2014-07-06
    Thaddeus Metz (2014). Harmonizing Global Ethics in the Future: A Proposal to Add South and East to West. Journal of Global Ethics 10 (2).
    This article considers how global ethical matters might be approached differently in the English-speaking literature if values salient in sub-Saharan Africa and East Asia were taken seriously. Specifically, after pointing out how indigenous values in both of these major parts of the world tend to prescribe honouring harmonious relationships, the article brings out what such an approach to morality entails for political power, foreign relations and criminal justice. For each major issue, it suggests that harmony likely has implications that differ (...)
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  26. added 2014-07-04
    Duncan Ivison (2012). Transcending National Citizenship or Taming It? Ayelet Shachar’s Birthright Lottery. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 7 (2):9-17.
    Recent political theory has attempted to unbundle demos and ethnos, and thus citizenship from national identity. There are two possible ways to meet this challenge: by taming the relationship between citizenship and the nation, for example, by defending a form of liberal multicultural nationalism, or by transcending it with a postnational, cosmopolitan conception of citizenship. Both strategies run up against the boundedness of democratic authority. In this paper, I argue that Shachar adresses this issue in an innovative way, but remains (...)
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  27. added 2014-07-03
    Danny Frederick, The Philosophical Case For Pornography.
  28. added 2014-07-03
    Danny Frederick, Why People Should Be Free to Sell Their Organs.
  29. added 2014-07-02
    Alex Voorhoeve (forthcoming). Why Sore Throats Don't Aggregate, but Arms Do. Journal of Medical Ethics.
    When do claims to be saved of a small or moderate harm aggregate against a competing claim to be saved from an early death? In this short response to Kamm's Bioethical Prescriptions, I argue for the following answer: aggregation of weaker claims against a life is permitted just in case, in a one-to-one contest, a person with a weaker claim would have a personal prerogative to prioritize her claim over a stranger’s competing claim to life.
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  30. added 2014-07-02
    Chrisoula Andreou (2012). Add to Cart: Environmental ‘Amenities’ and Cost-Benefit Analysis. In Michael O'Rourke and Matthew H. Slater William P. Kabasenche (ed.), The Environment, vol. 9 of Topics in Contemporary Philosophy.
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  31. added 2014-07-02
    Evangelos D. Protopapadakis (20014). Clones, Prototypes and the Right to Uniqueness. Agrafa 1 (2):40-47.
    Human cloning until recently has been considered to belong to the domain of science fiction; now it is a tangible possibility, a hopeful as well as a fearsome one. One of the fears that necessarily come along with it is about the peril cloning might represent for human uniqueness, since the clones are expected to be identical to their prototypes; this would unavoidably compromise moral agents’ right to a unique identity. In this paper I will put under examination the argument (...)
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  32. added 2014-07-01
    Jayne Lucke (2014). The Prophylactic Effects of Intentional Contraception. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):38-39.
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  33. added 2014-07-01
    Jonathan D. Stewart (2014). Letting the Patient Decide: The Importance of Autonomy When the Prognosis Is Deeply Unclear. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):53-53.
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  34. added 2014-07-01
    Joan M. Henriksen Hellyer & Leah R. Eisenberg (2014). The Right to Be Wrong? Is There a Responsibility to Ensure That Patients Act on Accurate Information? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):48-49.
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  35. added 2014-07-01
    Gregory J. Dober (2014). Equivalency of Care Difficult to Attain in U.S. Prisons. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):17-19.
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  36. added 2014-07-01
    Fabrice Jotterand & Tenzin Wangmo (2014). The Principle of Equivalence Reconsidered: Assessing the Relevance of the Principle of Equivalence in Prison Medicine. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):4-12.
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  37. added 2014-07-01
    Jonathan F. Will (2014). Religion, Clinical Misconceptions, and Access to Contraception. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):40-41.
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  38. added 2014-07-01
    Ben A. Rich (2014). Observations on the Nature and Extent of Injustice in the American Prison System. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):1-3.
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  39. added 2014-07-01
    Sondra S. Crosby (2014). Not Every Food Refuser Is a Hunger Striker. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):47-48.
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  40. added 2014-07-01
    Peter Shiu-Hwa Tsu (2014). On the Reconceptualization of Health. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):16-17.
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  41. added 2014-07-01
    Samia A. Hurst (2014). Equivalent Confusions. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):15-15.
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  42. added 2014-07-01
    Alexandra Junewicz (2014). Shackled: Providing Health Care to Prisoners Outside of Prison. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):13-14.
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  43. added 2014-07-01
    Laura B. Webster & Jamie Lynn Shirley (2014). Lost in Translation: The Complexity of a Previously Expressed Wish When Prognosis Is Uncertain. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):53-55.
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  44. added 2014-07-01
    James Gordon (2014). Moral Distress Caused by an Uncertain Prognosis: When the Surrogate and the Physician Bring Different Priorities to the Discussion. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):55-56.
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  45. added 2014-07-01
    Armand H. Matheny Antommaria (2014). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “An Ethical Analysis of Mandatory Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Personnel: Implementing Fairly and Balancing Benefits and Burdens”. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):W1 - W4.
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  46. added 2014-07-01
    Kenneth Kipnis (2014). Death Fasts and the Inmate/Patient. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):49-51.
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  47. added 2014-07-01
    Murray Joseph Casey & Todd A. Salzman (2014). Therapeutic, Prophylactic, Untoward, and Contraceptive Effects of Combined Oral Contraceptives: Catholic Teaching, Natural Law, and the Principle of Double Effect When Deciding to Prescribe and Use. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):20-34.
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  48. added 2014-07-01
    Patrick M. Clark (2014). Defining the Scope of Casey and Salzman's Application of the Rule of Double Effect to the Therapeutic and Prophylactic Uses of Combined Oral Contraceptives. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (7):35-38.
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  49. added 2014-07-01
    J. M. Rosanas (2012). Justice as a Crucial Formal and Informal Element of Management Control Systems. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):155.
    Management control systems include justice implicitly, as they believe that the market provides what is just or not through the market value. Psychological literature has deemed that people can perceive which procedures and decisions are just or not. In this paper, we argue that management control systems need to include justice criteria explicitly, beyond mere market value, in both their design (formal justice) and use (informal justice). This will increase the probability that organizational members will collaborate to achieve organizational goals.
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  50. added 2014-07-01
    Ballarín Jm, Marín Fx & A. J. Navarro (2012). Knowledge and Acknowledgement: Concept of Alterity as a Tool for Social Interaction. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 3 (3):135.
    Human beings inhabit a symbolic reality that articulates meaning. This is culture understood as a web of meanings that actually builds our identity by providing guidance in the complexity of our environment. It is the complex interplay between identity and alterity, between interiority and exteriority, between familiarity and strangeness. Worldviews set up borders that delimit one's own world and others' ground by establishing stereotypes and prejudices. This article presents the results of a research project on prejudices towards the other in (...)
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