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Applied Ethics

Edited by Ezio Di Nucci (University of Copenhagen)
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  1. added 2016-09-28
    Anna Bortolan (forthcoming). Affectivity and Narrativity in Depression: A Phenomenological Study. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  2. added 2016-09-28
    Andreas Christiansen (forthcoming). Similarity Arguments in the Genetic Modification Debate. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-17.
    In the ethical debate on genetic modification, it is common to encounter the claim that some anti-GM argument would also apply an established, ethically accepted technology, and that the anti-GM argument is therefore unsuccessful. The paper discusses whether this argumentative strategy, the Similarity Argument, is sound. It presents a logically valid, generic form of the Similarity Argument and then shows that it is subject to three types of objection: It does not respect the difference between pro tanto reasons and all-things-considered (...)
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  3. added 2016-09-28
    Bernd Lahno (2000). What Makes a Personal Relationship Personal? Comment on Hugh LaFollette: Personal Relationships, Love, Identity, and Morality. Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 86 (1):122-129.
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  4. added 2016-09-27
    Sahar Sobhani, Anoosheh Ghasemian, Farshad Farzadfar, Hosein Mashhadinejad & Bahram Hejrani (forthcoming). Ethical Theories Used by Neurosurgery Residents to Make Decisions in Challenging Cases of Medical Ethics. Neuroethics.
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  5. added 2016-09-26
    Sven Nyholm & Jilles Smids (forthcoming). The Ethics of Accident-Algorithms for Self-Driving Cars: An Applied Trolley Problem? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-15.
    Self-driving cars hold out the promise of being safer than manually driven cars. Yet they cannot be a 100% safe. Collisions are sometimes unavoidable. So self-driving cars need to be programmed for how they should respond to scenarios where collisions are highly likely or unavoidable. The accident-scenarios self-driving cars might face have recently been likened to the key examples and dilemmas associated with the trolley problem. In this article, we critically examine this tempting analogy. We identify three important ways in (...)
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  6. added 2016-09-26
    Timothy F. Murphy (2016). What Justifies a Future with Humans in It? Bioethics 30 (8):n/a-n/a.
    Antinatalist commentators recommend that humanity bring itself to a close, on the theory that pain and suffering override the value of any possible life. Other commentators do not require the voluntary extinction of human beings, but they defend that outcome if people were to choose against having children. Against such views, Richard Kraut has defended a general moral obligation to people the future with human beings until the workings of the universe render such efforts impossible. Kraut advances this view on (...)
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  7. added 2016-09-26
    Govert den Hartogh (2016). Two Kinds of Suicide. Bioethics 30 (8):n/a-n/a.
    In suicidology, the common view is that ‘rational’ suicides occur only rarely, because the competence of people who want to end their lives is compromised by mental illness. In the Netherlands and Flanders, however, patients’ requests for euthanasia or assistance in suicide are granted in 5300 and 1400 cases a year respectively, and in all these cases at least two doctors have confirmed the patient's competence. The combination of these two findings is puzzling. In other countries one would expect at (...)
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  8. added 2016-09-26
    Sagar Sanyal (2016). Biomedical Enhancement and Social Development: A Conservative Techno‐Fix. Bioethics 30 (8):n/a-n/a.
    Allen Buchanan has argued for a linking of the ethics of human enhancement to the ethics of development more generally. The promise of the ‘enhancement enterprise' is that it may help develop society, just as other technological advances have in the past. He proposes a framework of intellectual property rights, government action to ensure the poor can access the enhancements, an international organization to administer the diffusion of new enhancement technologies from the West to poor countries, and the diffusion within (...)
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  9. added 2016-09-26
    Tobey K. Scharding (2015). Imprudence and Immorality: A Kantian Approach to the Ethics of Financial Risk. Business Ethics Quarterly 25 (2):243-265.
    This paper takes up recent challenges to consequentialist forms of ethically evaluating risks and explores how a non-consequentialist form of deliberation, Kantian ethics, can address questions about risk. I examine two cases concerning ethically- questionable financial risks: investing in abstruse financial instruments and investing while relying on a bailout. After challenging consequentialist evaluations of these cases, I use Kant’s distinction between morals and prudence to evaluate when the investments are immoral and when they are merely imprudent. I argue that the (...)
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  10. added 2016-09-26
    Sean Erwin (2015). Living by Algorithm: Smart Surveillance and the Society of Control. Humanities and Technology Review 34:28-69.
    Foucault’s disciplinary society and his notion of panopticism are often invoked in discussions regarding electronic surveillance. Against this use of Foucault, I argue that contemporary trends in surveillance technology abstract human bodies from their territorial settings, separating them into a series of discrete flows through what Deleuze will term, the surveillant assemblage. The surveillant assemblage and its product, the socially sorted body, aim less at molding, punishing and controlling the body and more at triggering events of in- and ex-clusion from (...)
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  11. added 2016-09-25
    Jennifer Hardes & Bryan Hogeveen (forthcoming). Flow, Skilled Coping, and the Sovereign Subject: Toward an Ethics of Being-with in Sport. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-12.
    According to Dreyfus and Dreyfus, skilled coping in sport occurs when an athlete reaches an expert level and can execute a sport skill on ‘automatic-pilot’, in a state of ‘flow’. In this paper we reframe phenomenological accounts of sport that try to depict flow-states as part of an athlete’s competency framework. We do so from the point of view of post-structural and post-phenomenological scholars such as Jacques Derrida’s deconstructive work on sovereignty and Jean-Luc Nancy’s ontological vantage of ‘being-with’. This lens (...)
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  12. added 2016-09-25
    Ruud Hendriks (forthcoming). Clown’s View as Respiciō: Looking Respectfully to and After People with Dementia. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  13. added 2016-09-25
    Nancy Nyquist Potter (2016). The Virtue of Defiance and Psychiatric Engagement. Oxford University Press.
    The Virtue of Defiance and Psychiatric Engagement argues that defiance sometimes is a virtue even for those with mental illnesses. It also argues that defiance is sometimes mistaken as a sign of mental disorder when it may have other, reasonable explanations. This book offers a nuanced and complex look at defiance, taking seriously issues of mental disorders while also attending to social contexts in which defiant behaviour may arise. Arguments are presented for how to understand defiance as different from noncompliance, (...)
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  14. added 2016-09-24
    Robert E. McGrath & David Ian Walker (forthcoming). Factor Structure of Character Strengths in Youth: Consistency Across Ages and Measures. Journal of Moral Education:1-18.
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  15. added 2016-09-24
    Steven Swartzer (2016). Review of Amy E. Lerman and Vesla M. Weaver, Arresting Citizenship: The Democratic Consequences of American Crime Control. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (3):840-845.
  16. added 2016-09-24
    Brendan S. Abel (2014). Hormone Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Gender Dysphoria:An Ethical Analysis. Hastings Center Report 44 (s4):S23-S27.
  17. added 2016-09-23
    J. Adam Carter & S. Orestis Palermos (forthcoming). The Ethics of Extended Cognition: Is Having Your Computer Compromised a Personal Assault? Journal of the American Philosophical Association.
    Philosophy of mind and cognitive science (e.g., Clark and Chalmers 1998; Clark 2010; Palermos 2014) have recently become increasingly receptive tothe hypothesis of extended cognition, according to which external artifacts such as our laptops and smartphones can—under appropriate circumstances—feature as material realisers of a person’s cognitive processes. We argue that, to the extent that the hypothesis of extended cognition is correct, our legal and ethical theorising and practice must be updated, by broadening our conception of personal assault so as to (...)
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  18. added 2016-09-23
    Maura A. Ryan (forthcoming). Good Deaths, “Stupid Deaths”: Humane Medicine and the Call of Invisible Bodies. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhw027.
    Jeffrey Bishop’s The Anticipatory Corpse exposes a functional metaphysics at the root of contemporary medical practice that gives rise to inhumane medicine, especially at the end of life. His critique of medicine argues for alternative spaces and practices in which the communal significance of the body, its telos, can be restored and the meaning of a “good death” enriched. This essay develops an alternative epistemology of the body, drawing from Christian theological accounts of the communal or Eucharistic body and linking (...)
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  19. added 2016-09-23
    Péter Kakuk (forthcoming). Short Literature Notices. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy.
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  20. added 2016-09-23
    Vida Jeremic, Karine Sénécal, Pascal Borry, Davit Chokoshvili & Danya F. Vears (forthcoming). Participation of Children in Medical Decision-Making: Challenges and Potential Solutions. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-10.
    Participation in healthcare decision-making is considered to be an important right of minors, and is highlighted in both international legislation and public policies. However, despite the legal recognition of children’s rights to participation, and also the benefits that children experience by their involvement, there is evidence that legislation is not always translated into healthcare practice. There are a number of factors that may impact on the ability of the child to be involved in decisions regarding their medical care. Some of (...)
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  21. added 2016-09-23
    Elizabeth Shaw (forthcoming). The Right to Bodily Integrity and the Rehabilitation of Offenders Through Medical Interventions: A Reply to Thomas Douglas. Neuroethics:1-10.
    Medical interventions such as methadone treatment for drug addicts or “chemical castration” for sex offenders have been used in several jurisdictions alongside or as an alternative to traditional punishments, such as incarceration. As our understanding of the biological basis for human behaviour develops, our criminal justice system may make increasing use of such medical techniques and may become less reliant on incarceration. Academic debate on this topic has largely focused on whether offenders can validly consent to medical interventions, given the (...)
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  22. added 2016-09-23
    Hui Lu, Hong Chen, Wei Du & Ruyin Long (forthcoming). Moral Values Congruence and Miners’ Policy Following Behavior: The Role of Supervisor Morality. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-23.
    Ethical culture construction is beneficial to maximize policy following behavior and avoid accidents of coal miners in an economic downturn. This paper examines the congruence between coal mine ethical culture values and miners’ moral values and the relationship with PFB. To shed light on this relationship, supervisor moral values act as a key moderator. We build on the initial structure of values to measure ECVs, MVs, and SMVs. At the same time, available congruence was defined to describe the relationship between (...)
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  23. added 2016-09-23
    Vegard Fusche Moe (forthcoming). On Phenomenological and Logical Characteristics of Skilled Behaviour in Sport: Cognitive and Motor Intentionality. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-18.
    In this paper, I discuss phenomenological and logical characteristics of skilled behaviour in sport. The paper comprises two parts. The first describes phenomenological characteristics of skilled behaviour through Timothy Gallwey’s two playing modes and Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s distinction between abstract and concrete movement. The second logical part introduces the concept of intentionality and the distinction Sean Kelly makes between cognitive and motor intentionality. I discuss how this distinction fits the phenomenological characteristics established in the first part of the paper. My argument (...)
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  24. added 2016-09-23
    Black Hawk Hancock & Daniel R. Morrison (forthcoming). Beyond The Anticipatory Corpse: Medicine, Power, and the Care of the Dying: A Theoretical and Methodological Intervention Into the Sociology of Brain Implant Surgery. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy:jhw024.
    Drawing on and extending the Foucaultian philosophical framework that Jeffrey Bishop develops in his masterful book, The Anticipatory Corpse: Medicine, Power, and the Care of the Dying, we undertake a sociological analysis of the neurological procedure—deep brain stimulation —which implants electrodes in the brain, powered by a pacemaker-like device, for the treatment of movement disorders. Following Bishop’s work, we carry out this analysis through a two-fold strategy. First, we examine how a multidisciplinary team evaluates candidates for this implant at a (...)
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  25. added 2016-09-23
    Julian Savulescu & Udo Schuklenk (2016). Doctors Have No Right to Refuse Medical Assistance in Dying, Abortion or Contraception. Bioethics 30 (8):n/a-n/a.
    In an article in this journal, Christopher Cowley argues that we have ‘misunderstood the special nature of medicine, and have misunderstood the motivations of the conscientious objectors’. We have not. It is Cowley who has misunderstood the role of personal values in the profession of medicine. We argue that there should be better protections for patients from doctors' personal values and there should be more severe restrictions on the right to conscientious objection, particularly in relation to assisted dying. We argue (...)
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  26. added 2016-09-23
    Nancy J. Matchett (2016). Review of Debating Procreation: Is It Wrong to Reproduce? [REVIEW] Teaching Philosophy 39 (2):243-47.
  27. added 2016-09-23
    Fabiana Augusta Alves Jardim (2016). Por Entre as Chamas da Infância: Presente, Memória E Transmissão de Experiências de Violência Estatal. Childhood and Philosophy 12 (23).
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  28. added 2016-09-23
    Donald W. Bruckner (2015). Strict Vegetarianism is Immoral. In Ben Bramble & Fischer Bob (eds.), The Moral Complexities of Eating Meat. Oxford University Press 30-47.
    The most popular and convincing arguments for the claim that vegetarianism is morally obligatory focus on the extensive, unnecessary harm done to animals and to the environment by raising animals industrially in confinement conditions (factory farming). I outline the strongest versions of these arguments. I grant that it follows from their central premises that purchasing and consuming factoryfarmed meat is immoral. The arguments fail, however, to establish that strict vegetarianism is obligatory because they falsely assume that eating vegetables is the (...)
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  29. added 2016-09-23
    Sahar Akhtar (2011). Animal Welfare and Animal Pain: Can Pain Sometimes Be Worse for Them Than for Us? In The Oxford Handbook on Ethics and Animals.
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  30. added 2016-09-23
    Gianmarco Veruggio, The Birth of Roboethics. ICRA 2005, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Workshop on Roboethics.
    The importance, and urgency, of a Roboethics lay in the lesson of our recent history. Two of the front rank fields of science and technology, Nuclear Physics and Genetic Engineering, have already been forced to face the ethical consequences of their research’s applications under the pressure of dramatic and troubling events. In many countries, public opinion, shocked by some of these effects, urged to either halt the whole applications, or to seriously control them. Robotics is rapidly becoming one of the (...)
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  31. added 2016-09-22
    Stephen M. Campbell, Connie Ulrich & Christine Grady (forthcoming). A Broader Understanding of Moral Distress. American Journal of Bioethics.
  32. added 2016-09-22
    David Wasserman & Stephen M. Campbell (forthcoming). A More "Inclusive" Approach to Enhancement and Disability. In Ability and Enhancement. Palgrave Macmillan
  33. added 2016-09-22
    Holly A. Taylor, Christian Morales & Benjamin S. Wilfond (2016). When a Clinical Trial Is the Only Option. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):67-68.
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  34. added 2016-09-22
    Jantina de Vries, Syntia Nchangwi Munung & Paulina Tindana (2016). Deliberation to Promote Shared Sovereignty in Health Research: Four Questions to Clarify Goals, Methods, and Scope. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):50-52.
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  35. added 2016-09-22
    Alexander M. Capron & Sofia Gruskin (2016). No “Shared Governance” Without Attention to Law, Broadly Conceived. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):54-56.
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  36. added 2016-09-22
    Sarah Perrault & Meaghan M. O'Keefe (2016). Journeys as Shared Human Experiences. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):13-15.
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  37. added 2016-09-22
    Sunisha Neupane, Renaud F. Boulanger & Peter Taylor (2016). The Role of Development Research Funders in Promoting Equity in Research Consortia. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):62-64.
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  38. added 2016-09-22
    Raffaella Ravinetto, Sören L. Becker, Moussa Sacko, Sayda El-Safi, Yodi Mahendradhata, Pascal Lutumba, Suman Rijal, Kruy Lim, Shyam Sundar, Eliézer K. N'Goran, Kristien Verdonck, Jürg Utzinger, François Chappuis & Marleen Boelaert (2016). Governance and Standards in International Clinical Research: The Role of Transnational Consortia. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):59-61.
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  39. added 2016-09-22
    Benjamin S. Wilfond, Christian Morales & Holly A. Taylor (2016). Studying the Role of Financial Incentives to Promote Hepatitis B Vaccination in a Community Clinic. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):75-76.
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  40. added 2016-09-22
    Elise Smith (2016). Review of Paul Kalanithi, When Breath Becomes Air1. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):6-7.
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  41. added 2016-09-22
    Hannah Giunta (2016). Treatment Incentives and the Nature of the Doctor–Patient Relationship. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):77-78.
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  42. added 2016-09-22
    David J. Hauser & Norbert Schwarz (2016). Medical Metaphors Matter: Experiments Can Determine the Impact of Metaphors on Bioethical Issues. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):18-19.
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  43. added 2016-09-22
    Kayhan Parsi (2016). War Metaphors in Health Care: What Are They Good For? American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):1-2.
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  44. added 2016-09-22
    Manuel Trachsel (2016). Killing the Pain and Battling the Lethargy: Misleading Military Metaphors in Palliative Care. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):24-25.
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  45. added 2016-09-22
    Elizabeth Heitman (2016). The Potentially High Cost of a Free Clinical Trial. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):70-72.
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  46. added 2016-09-22
    Jing-Bao Nie, Adam Gilbertson, Malcolm de Roubaix, Ciara Staunton, Anton van Niekerk, Joseph D. Tucker & Stuart Rennie (2016). Healing Without Waging War: Beyond Military Metaphors in Medicine and HIV Cure Research. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):3-11.
    Military metaphors are pervasive in biomedicine, including HIV research. Rooted in the mind set that regards pathogens as enemies to be defeated, terms such as “shock and kill” have become widely accepted idioms within HIV cure research. Such language and symbolism must be critically examined as they may be especially problematic when used to express scientific ideas within emerging health-related fields. In this article, philosophical analysis and an interdisciplinary literature review utilizing key texts from sociology, anthropology, history, and Chinese and (...)
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  47. added 2016-09-22
    Idelys Amador & C. D. Brewer (2016). Consistency in the Structure of Global Health Research Consortia. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):52-54.
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  48. added 2016-09-22
    Michelle L. McGowan (2016). Review of John D. Lantos and Diane S. Lauderdale, Preterm Babies, Fetal Patients, and Childbearing Choices1. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):3-5.
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  49. added 2016-09-22
    Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder (2016). Governance of Transnational Global Health Research Consortia and Health Equity. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):29-45.
    Global health research partnerships are increasingly taking the form of consortia of institutions from high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries that undertake programs of research. These partnerships differ from collaborations that carry out single projects in the multiplicity of their goals, scope of their activities, and nature of their management. Although such consortia typically aim to reduce health disparities between and within countries, what is required for them to do so has not been clearly defined. This article takes a (...)
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  50. added 2016-09-22
    Ponni Perumalswami, Andrea Branch & Rosamond Rhodes (2016). You Can Lead a Horse to Water, But Can You Pay to Make Him Drink? An Ethical Analysis of Research on Using Incentives to Promote Patient Health. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):80-82.
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