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Asian Philosophy

Edited by JeeLoo Liu (California State University, Fullerton)
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  1. added 2015-02-26
    Jinseok Kang (forthcoming). Yi T’Oegye’s Reverent Seriousness and Philosophical Therapy. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy:1-22.
    Yi Hwang 李滉 , also known as Yi T’oegye 李退溪, was a prominent Korean scholar of Confucian philosophy during the Chosŏn 朝鮮 dynasty. He reinterpreted the Zhu Xi 朱熹 school of neo-Confucianism, taking reverent seriousness as the core principle of his philosophy. He studied various symptoms observed in the human mind and suggested the notion of reverent seriousness as a primary therapeutic method. His theory of kyŏng proposed the stages of philosophical therapy, which are uniquely found in Eastern philosophy and (...)
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  2. added 2015-02-26
    James Kimball (forthcoming). The Relationship Between the Bhāvas and the Pratyayasarga in Classical Sāṃkhya. Journal of Indian Philosophy:1-19.
    The relationship between the two classical Sāṃkhya paradigms of the conditions and the intellectual creation has been a matter of debate since the early days of modern Indology. The precise role of each of these paradigms in the broader Sāṃkhya system, as well as the relationship between them, is unclear from the text of Īśvarakṛṣṇa’s Sāṃ khyakārikā, and most of the classical commentaries on this text offer little clarification. Of these commentaries, the anonymous Yuktidīpikā provides the most detailed and extensive (...)
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  3. added 2015-02-23
    John W. M. Krummel (forthcoming). Kūkai's Shingon: Embodiment of Emptiness. In Bret W. Davis (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter explicates the philosophy of the body of sixth-century Buddhist thinker Kūkai. Kūkai brings together what initially seem to be opposing concepts: body and emptiness. He does this in the context of formulating a system of cosmology inseparable from religious practice. We interact with the rest of the cosmos through our body. Kūkai characterizes the cosmos in turn as the body of the Buddha, who personifies the embodiment of the dharma. This cosmic body is comprised of myriad bodies through (...)
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  4. added 2015-02-23
    John W. M. Krummel (forthcoming). Comparative Philosophy in Japan: Nakamura Hajime and Izutsu Toshihiko. In Bret W. Davis (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Japanese Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter discusses the comparative philosophies of two premier comparativists of postwar Japan, Nakamura Hajime and Izutsu Toshihiko. Both were known as accomplished scholars within their respective fields—Buddhist studies and Indology for Nakamura, and Islamic studies for Izutsu—when they initiated their comparative projects. Each had a distinct vision of what comparison entails and the sort of philosophy it would produce. Nakamura’s project was a world history of ideas that uncovers basic patterns in the unfolding of human thought. Izutsu aims to (...)
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  5. added 2015-02-23
    Gerald James Larson & Ram ShankarHG Bhattacharya (1987). The Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Volume 4: Samkhya, a Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy. Princeton University Press.
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  6. added 2015-02-20
    Xianglong Zhang (1992). Heidegger and Taoism. Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
    The main thesis of this dissertation is that there is an intrinsic connection between Heidegger and Taoism, which may be called "the horizontal-regional way of thinking". This is a middle way extending "between and beyond" the conceptual and the perceptual, and through "pure images" or "techne", being essentially involved into an ontological horizon or region. The nature of this region is what Heidegger calls "appropriation" that is comparable to Chinese "Tao" and ancient Greek "logos". It signifies the primordially mirror-playing and (...)
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  7. added 2015-02-17
    Huaiyu Wang (2015). A GENEALOGICAL STUDY OF DE: POETICAL CORRESPONDENCE OF SKY, EARTH, AND HUMANKIND IN THE EARLY CHINESE VIRTUOUS RULE OF BENEFACTION. Philosophy East and West 65 (1):81-124.
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  8. added 2015-02-12
    Sor-Hoon Tan (forthcoming). Xunzi and Naturalistic Ethics. Journal of Value Inquiry:1-19.
    The ascendency of science in modern times makes it commonplace to accept that science presents the only true and correct image of reality. This has led to naturalization attempts in various domains, from epistemology, metaphysics, to philosophy of mind, and ethics. Naturalistic ethics may mean different things depending on what we consider natural. David Copp equates it with the empirical – emphasizing the relevance of empirical evidence to justification – while admitting that what is empirical is itself problematic.David Copp, Morality (...)
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  9. added 2015-02-12
    Burton Watson (2003). Xunzi: Basic Writings. Columbia University Press.
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  10. added 2015-02-12
    Kang Chan (2000). The Uncultivated Man and the Weakness of the Ideal in Classical Chinese Philosophy. Dissertation, Harvard University
    The Chinese philosophical tradition aims at a departure from the imperfect reality for the sake of the ideal. But it is also clear to the Chinese philosophers that most people would not follow their footsteps in discarding reality and seeking the ideal. The weakness of the ideal in its incapacity to change the uncultivated man defines a common thread of philosophical thinking in China, and constitutes a bitter truth which these philosophers do not make explicit. Seven philosophers from the fifth (...)
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  11. added 2015-02-12
    Maurizio Scarpari, Mencius and Xunzi on Human Nature: The Concept of Moral Autonomy in the Early Confucian Tradition.
    The doctrines on the goodness or evilness of human nature maintained in ancient China respectively by Mencius and Xunzi has been interpreted mosttly as a contradition within the Confucian school. In this article it is argued that they represent two distinct , yet possible and congruous, modes of interpreting and re-elaboarting Confucius teachings, two opposing yet largerly complementary currents which have developed within the Confucian school.
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  12. added 2015-02-12
    Cyrus Panjvani (1998). Hsün Tzu, Basic Writings. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 18:182-183.
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  13. added 2015-02-12
    Edward Gilman Slingerland (1998). Effortless Action: Wu-Wei as a Spiritual Ideal in Early China. Dissertation, Stanford University
    This dissertation has two major theses. The first is that the concept of "wu-wei" serves as a spiritual ideal for a group of five pre-Qin thinkers--Confucius, Laozi, Mencius, Zhuangzi and Xunzi--who share what might be called the "mainstream" Chinese worldview, and that this concept serves as a soteriological goal and spiritual ideal that cannot be understood except within the context of this worldview. More specifically, this worldview is primarily characterized by the belief that there is a normative order to the (...)
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  14. added 2015-02-12
    Paul Rakita Goldin (1996). The Philosophy of Xunzi. Dissertation, Harvard University
    Scholarship on Xunzi in English has been plagued by imprecise readings of the text and general philosophical naivete. It is hoped that this account will provide a sympathetic and accurate reading of this central thinker. ;The Introduction addresses the problems of interpretation raised by the text at hand, and all philosophical texts like it. A method of "interpretation as integrity," modeled on the theory of "law as integrity" put forward by Ronald Dworkin, is finally defended and adopted. ;Chapter I takes (...)
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  15. added 2015-02-12
    Robert Eno (1984). Masters of the Dance: The Role of T'ien in the Teachings of the Early Juist Community. Dissertation, University of Michigan
    Originally a religious term, from the sixth century B.C. on, the word "t'ien," or "heaven," played a significant role in discourse among philosophical schools. The earliest of these was Juism . This study analyzes statements concerning T'ien in three early Juist texts: the Analects, Mencius, and Hsun Tzu. ;Previous analyses of the role of T'ien in Juism have viewed that role in terms of a model of evolving meanings of "t'ien" during the late Chou period, which claims that the term (...)
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  16. added 2015-02-12
    Philip Ho Hwang (1978). A Critical Study of Mencius' Philosophy of Human Nature, with Special Reference to Kant and Confucius. Dissertation, The University of Oklahoma
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  17. added 2015-02-05
    Chris Fraser (2013). Happiness in Classical Confucianism: Xúnzǐ. Philosophical Topics 41 (1):53-79.
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  18. added 2015-02-05
    Shirong Luo (2004). Early Confucian Ethics and Moral Sentimentalism. Dissertation, University of Miami
    In this dissertation, the author compares early Confucian ethics with some forms of moral sentimentalism. The ethical views of two Confucian moralists, Kongzi and Mengzi are compared with Michael Slote's agent-based moral sentimentalist virtue ethics and Nel Noddings' feminine relational ethics of caring; the Confucian ethicist Xunzi's theory is compared with David Hume's classical version of moral sentimentalism. Through argumentation and theoretical reconstruction, the author attempts to establish that Kongzi and Mengzi's ethical accounts are agent-based while Xunzi's is agent-prior; Kongzi's (...)
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  19. added 2015-02-05
    Aaron D. Stalnaker (2001). Overcoming Our Evil: Spiritual Exercises and Personhood in Xunzi and Augustine. Dissertation, Brown University
    This dissertation compares the thought and practice of Xunzi, a 4th--3rd century BCE Confucian, with that of Augustine of Hippo, a 4th--5th century CE Christian. Specifically, it compares their versions of the view that human nature is significantly bad or evil, and their prescriptions for the cultivation of ethically and religiously preferable modes of life, through the practice of what Pierre Hadot has called "spiritual exercises." ;Xunzi and Augustine deploy conceptual apparatuses structured by distinctive terms of art, responding to debates (...)
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  20. added 2015-02-05
    Roger Jackson & Karel Werner (1996). Review of The Awakening of the West: The Encounter of Buddhism and Western Culture, by Stephen Batchelor ; A Comparative Study of Early Buddhism and Kantian Philosophy, by S. G. M. Weerasinghe ; New Light on Early Buddhism, by Balkrishna Govind Gokhale ; and Vedic Hermeneutics, by K. Satchidananda Murty. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 6 (1):73-80.
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  21. added 2015-02-05
    Karel Werner, Whalen Lai, Oliver Leaman & D. O'Connor (1996). Review of The Philosophy of the Grammarians. Encyclopedia of Indian Philosophies, Vol. 5, by Harold G. Coward and K. Kunjunni Raja ; Taoist Body, by Kristofer Schipper, Trans. Karen C. Duval ; Taoist Meditation: The Mao-Shan Tradition of Great Purity, by Isabelle Robinet, Trans. Julian F. Pas and Norman J. Girardot ; Al-Ghazamacrli and the Ash'arite School, by Richard M. Frank ; and World Philosophies: An Historical Introduction, by David E. Cooper. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 6 (2):161-167.
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  22. added 2015-02-05
    Karel Werner, J. Pickering, Oliver Leaman, Michael Levine & Alan Fox (1996). Review of The Iśvarapratvabhijnakarika of Utpaladeva with the Author's Vrtti, by Raffaele Toreha; Jung and Eastern Thought: A Dialogue with the Orient, by John James Clarke ; Abu Yacqub Al-Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary, by Paul E. Walker ; Religious Pluralism and Truth: Essays on Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion, Ed. Thomas Dean ; and The Body, Self-Cultivation, and Ki-Energy, by Yuasa Yasuo, Trans. Shigenori Nagatomo and Monte S. Hull. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 6 (3):233-243.
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  23. added 2015-02-05
    David Putney, Richard King, Harry Oldmeadow, John Makeham & Whalen Lai (1995). Review of The Psychological Attitude of Early Buddhist Philosophy, by Lama Anagarika Govinda ; The Law of Karma: A Philosophical Study, by Bruce R. Reichenbach ; Religious Philosophy of Tagore and Radhakrishnan, by Harendra Prasad Sinha ; Scripture, Canon and Commentary: A Comparison of Confucian and Western Exegesis, by John B. Henderson ; Chan Insights and Oversights: An Epistemological Critique of the Chan Tradition, by Bernard Fauré ; Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought: An Essay on the Nature of Indian Philosophical Thinking, by Jitendra Nath Mohanty ; Avicenna, by L. E. Goodman ; and Becoming Bamboo: Western and Eastern Explorations of the Meaning of Life, by Robert E. Carter. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 5 (1):75-98.
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  24. added 2015-02-05
    Karel Werner & Oliver Leaman (1995). Review of Thirty-Five Oriental Philosophers, by Diane Collinson and Robert Wilkinson ; Essays on Indian Philosophy Traditional and Modern, by J. N. Mohanty ; and Gates of Light , by Rabbi Joseph Gikatilla. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 5 (2):209-213.
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  25. added 2015-02-05
    Karel Werner, Whalen Lai & W. Hudson (1993). Review of Facets of Buddhism, by Shotaro Iida ; Li Ao: Buddhist, Taoist, or Neo-Confucian?, by T. H. Barrett ; and Spirituality & Emptiness, by Donald W. Mitchell. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 3 (2):165-170.
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  26. added 2015-02-05
    Edward J. Machle & Hsün-tzu (1993). Nature and Heaven in the Xunzi a Study of the Tian Lun. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  27. added 2015-02-05
    A. Herman, Roger Jackson, D. Killingley & Roger Gallie (1993). Review of The Word Speaks to the Faustian Man, by Som Raj Gupta ; A History of Indian Buddhism, From Samacrkyamuni to Early Mahamacryamacrna, by Hirakawa Akira, Trans. And Ed. Paul Groner ; The Doctrine of the Upanisads and the Early Buddhism, by Hermann Oldenberg, Trans. Shridhar B. Shrotri ; and Evil and the Mystics' God: Towards a Mystical Theodicy, by Michael Stoeber. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 3 (1):55-66.
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  28. added 2015-02-05
    Johannes Bronkhorst (1993). Purusottama Bilimoria, "Sabdapramana: Word and Knowledge. A Doctrine in Mimamsa-Nyaya Philosophy . Towards a Framework for Sruti-Pramanya". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 21 (1):103.
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  29. added 2015-02-05
    J. Shaw, Vijay Bharadwaha, S. Bhatt, W. Hudson & Ian Netton (1992). Review of Form and Validity in Indian Logic, by Vijay Bharadwaja ; The Word and The World: India's Contribution to the Study of Language, by Bimal Krishna Matilal ;The Basic Ways of Knowing, by Govardhan P. Bhatt ; The Quest for Man, Ed. J. Van Nispen and D. Tiemersma ; Muslim-Christian Encounters: Perceptions and Misperceptions, by William Montgomery Watt ; Socrates in Mediaeval Arabic Literature, by Ilai Alon, in Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science, Texts and Studies, Vol. 10 ; Tsung-Mi and the Sinification of Buddhism, by Peter N. Gregory ; Modern Civilization: A Crisis of Fragmentation, by S. C. Malik ; and Nature in Asian Traditions of Thought: Essays in Environmental Philosophy, Ed. J. Baird Callicott and Roger T. Ames. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 2 (2):187-210.
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  30. added 2015-02-05
    Ian Netton, Oliver Leaman & Whalen Lai (1992). Review of Ibn Rushd , by Dominique Urvoy ; Logic and Aristotle's Rhetoric and Poetics in Medieval Arabic Philosophy, by Deborah L. Black ; Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World, by C. A. Qadir ; Understanding the Chinese Mind: The Philosophical Roots, by Robert E. Allinson ; On Justice: An Essay in Jewish Philosophy, by . L. E. Goodman. [REVIEW] Asian Philosophy 2 (1):101-113.
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  31. added 2015-02-05
    J. N. Mohanty (1991). G. C. Nayak, "Philosophical Reflections". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 19 (4):421.
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  32. added 2015-02-05
    Gerald James Larson (1991). T. S. Rukmani , "Yogavarttika of Vijñanabhiksu". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 19 (2):219.
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  33. added 2015-02-05
    J. B. Katz (1990). Raymond Schwab, "The Oriental Renaissance: Europe's Rediscovery of India and the East, 1680-1880", Translated by Gene Patterson-King and Victor Reinking. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 18 (4):341.
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  34. added 2015-02-05
    John M. Koller (1989). Frank J. Hoffman, "Rationality and Mind in Early Buddhism". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 17 (4):431.
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  35. added 2015-02-05
    Charles M. Sherover (1988). Anindita Niyogi Balslev, "A Study of Time in Indian Philosophy". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 16 (4):411.
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  36. added 2015-02-05
    Johannes Bronkhorst (1988). Paul Hacker, "Grundlagen Indischer Dichtung Und Indischen Denkens". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 16 (3):299.
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  37. added 2015-02-05
    Hans G. Herzberger (1987). Matilal, Bimal Krishna and Jayasankar Lal Shaw , "Analytical Philosophy in Comparative Perspective: Exploratory Essays in Current Theories and Classical Indian Theories of Meaning and Reference". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 15:207.
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  38. added 2015-02-05
    Arthur L. Herman (1987). David Kalupahana's "Nagarjuna: The Philosophy of The Middle Way". [REVIEW] Journal of Chinese Philosophy 14 (1):111.
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  39. added 2015-02-05
    Karl H. Potter (1986). John Vattanky, "Gangesa's Philosophy of God". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 14:309.
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  40. added 2015-02-05
    J. L. Brockington (1986). The Ramayana of Valmiki, "An Epic of Ancient India", Volume I, Balakanda. [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 14:303.
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  41. added 2015-02-05
    Klaus K. Klostermaier (1985). Arvind Sharma, "Abhinavagupta: Gitarthasangraha". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 13:415.
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  42. added 2015-02-05
    John Allen Tucker (1985). Antonio S. Cua, "The Unity of Knowledge and Action: A Study of Wang Yang-Ming's Moral Psychology". [REVIEW] Journal of Chinese Philosophy 12 (1):97.
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  43. added 2015-02-05
    John Allen Tucker (1985). Hoyt Cleveland Tillman, "Utilitarian Confucianism: Ch'en Liang's Challenge to Chu Hsi". [REVIEW] Journal of Chinese Philosophy 12 (1):89.
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  44. added 2015-02-05
    J. Lipner (1984). Matilal, Bimal Krishna, "Logical and Ethical Issues of Religious Belief". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 12:401.
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  45. added 2015-02-05
    P. K. Sen (1983). Tachikawa, Musashi, "The Structure of the World in Udayana's Realism". A Study of the "Laksanavali" and the "Kiranavali". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 11:315.
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  46. added 2015-02-05
    Richard Hubert Jones (1981). Joseph Needham's "Mysticism and Science:" Against Needham on Taoism. [REVIEW] Journal of Chinese Philosophy 8 (2):245.
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  47. added 2015-02-05
    Arindam Chakrabarti (1980). N. S. Junankar, "Gautama: The Nyaya Philosophy". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 8:401.
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  48. added 2015-02-05
    Joseph Bien (1980). Herbert Read, "Anarchy and Order: Essays in Politics". [REVIEW] Journal of Chinese Philosophy 7 (4):357.
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  49. added 2015-02-05
    Thomas P. Kasulis (1980). H. Byron Earhart, "Japanese Religion: Unity and Diversity". [REVIEW] Journal of Chinese Philosophy 7 (4):371.
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  50. added 2015-02-05
    Mark Siderits (1980). David J. Kalupahana, "Causality: The Central Philosophy of Buddhism". [REVIEW] Journal of Indian Philosophy 8:191.
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