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  1. J. Accaputogendron & M. Goldner (1993). Stanier, Roger-Diversity as the Key to a New Era for Biology. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (1):48-54.
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  2. P. Acot (2002). Pierre-Henri Gouyon, Les Harmonies de la Nature a l'Epreuve de la Biologie, Evolution Et Biodiversite. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):542-542.
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  3. Philip Alperson (2002). Introduction: Diversity and Community. In Diversity and Community: An Interdisciplinary Reader. Blackwell Pub. 1--30.
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  4. George Amato & Rob DeSalle (2012). Assessing Biodiversity Funding During the Sixth Extinction. Bioessays 34 (8):658-660.
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  5. I. Meaning Of Anarchy (1989). Prahlad Kumar Sarkar. In Krishna Roy & Chhanda Gupta (eds.), Essays in Social and Political Philosophy. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Allied Publishers
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  6. Dominic A. Andradi-Brown, Caroline Howe, Georgina M. Mace & Andrew T. Knight (2013). Do Mangrove Forest Restoration or Rehabilitation Activities Return Biodiversity to Pre-Impact Levels? Complexity 30:31.
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  7. Raphaël Arlettaz & Raphaël Mathevet (2010). Dossier « Le Réveil du Dodo III » - Biodiversity Conservation: From Research to Action. Natures Sciences Sociétés 18 (4):452-458.
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  8. Robin Attfield (2009). Reviews What is Biodiversity by James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny University of Chicago Press, 2008. £31/£12.50. Philosophy 84 (4):605-609.
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  9. Francisco J. Ayala (2000). Evolution of Biological Diversity. Bioessays 22 (7):681-682.
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  10. Jayapul Azariah (1997). Biodiversity In India: Response To Hajduch & Pretova. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (1):10-11.
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  11. Jayapul Azariah (1995). The Book of Genesis and Environmental Ethics, Biodiversity and the Food Deficit. Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 5 (1):6-9.
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  12. Paulo Agostinho Nogueira Baptista (2013). Apresentação - Dossiê: Religião, Biodiversidade e Território (v. 11, n. 30, abr./jun. 2013). Horizonte 11 (30):434-438.
    Apresentação Dossiê: Religião, Biodiversidade e Território (v. 11, n. 30, abr./jun. 2013). Dossier : Religion, Biodiversity and Territory.
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  13. Bruno Corrêa Barbosa, Tatiane Tagliatti Maciel & Fabio Prezoto (2015). Forrageamento Por Recurso Alternativo Em Época de Estiagem Por Apis Mellifera Linnaeus, 1758. Mensagem Doce 131 (2):1-4.
    Forrageamento por Recurso Alternativo em Época de Estiagem por Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758.
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  14. Bruno Corrêa Barbosa, Karine Munck Vieira & Fabio Prezoto (2015). Agressive Interactions in Stingless bees: Melipona quadrifasciata (Lepeletier) Invading Nest of Scaptotrigona bipunctata (Lepeletier). Entomobrasilis 8 (2):152-154.
    This record describes the occurrence of conflicts between stingless bees of an active colony of Scaptotrigona bipunctata (Lepeletier) and individuals of Melipona quadrifasciata (Lepeletier), and discusses possible hypotheses that motivated the attack. Behaviors were observed in an active colony of S. bipunctata. The active nest guards detained individuals of M. quadrifasciata who invaded the colony. The chances of misidentification of the colony entrance and error in the species possible aggregation were discarded, however, the hypothesis of the real invasion recorded in (...)
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  15. Nathaniel F. Barrett (2011). The Promise and Peril of Ecological Restoration: Why Ritual Can Make a Difference 1. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 32 (2):139 - 155.
    Writing in 1992, biologist E. O. Wilson prophesied, "Here is the means to end the great extinction spasm. The next century will, I believe, be the era of restoration in ecology." 2 This statement has become the rallying cry for advocates of ecological restoration, an emerging international environmental movement focused on the renewal of damaged or destroyed ecosystems. 3 The benefits promised by ecological restoration are manifold. In addition to its primary ecological goals of replenished biodiversity and improved ecosystem functioning, (...)
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  16. Didier Bazile (2007). Integrating Biodiversity Science for Human Well-Being. Natures Sciences Sociétés 15 (3):316-318.
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  17. Donato Bergandi (2001). Biodiversité. In Gilbert Hottois & Jean-Noël Missa (eds.), Nouvelle encyclopédie de bioéthique. Médecine, environnement, biotechnologie. De Boeck Université 104-112.
  18. Donato Bergandi (1999). Les Métamorphoses de l'Organicisme En Écologie: De la Communauté Végétale aux Écosystèmes/The Metamorphoses of Organicism in Ecology: From Plant Community to Ecosystems. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 52 (1):5-32.
    L'écologie préénergétique des années 1905-1935 est à la recherche de ses objets d'étude. Des unités fondamentales de la nature (telles que formation végétale, association végétale, climax, biome, communauté biotique, écosystème) se trouvent en compétition et se succèdent les unes aux autres. Autour des années 1920 et 1930, la philosophie organiciste d'Alfred N. Whitehead, ainsi que la perspective évolutionniste d'Herbert Spencer et les propositions émergentistes de Samuel Alexander et Conwy L. Morgan, deviennent des références sous-jacentes au débat épistémologique concernant les unités (...)
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  19. Donato Bergandi & Patrick Blandin (2012). De la protection de la nature au développement durable : Genèse d'un oxymore éthique et politique. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 1 (1):103-142.
    Le concept de développement durable s’enracine dans l’histoire des mouvements de préservation de la nature et de conservation des ressources naturelles et de leurs relations avec les sciences de la nature, en particulier l’écologie. En tant que paradigme sociétal, à la fois écologique, politique et économique, il se présente comme un projet politique idéal applicable à l’ensemble des sociétés, qui prétend dépasser l’opposition entre ces deux visions profondément divergentes des relations homme‑nature. L’analyse des textes internationaux pertinents permet de dégager les (...)
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  20. Joachim Boldt (2013). Do We Have A Moral Obligation to Synthesize Organisms to Increase Biodiversity? On Kinship, Awe, and the Value of Life's Diversity. Bioethics 27 (8):411-418.
    Synthetic biology can be understood as expanding the abilities and aspirations of genetic engineering. Nonetheless, whereas genetic engineering has been subject to criticism due to its endangering biodiversity, synthetic biology may actually appear to prove advantageous for biodiversity. After all, one might claim, synthesizing novel forms of life increases the numbers of species present in nature and thus ought to be ethically recommended. Two perspectives on how to spell out the conception of intrinsic value of biodiversity are examined in order (...)
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  21. Broder Breckling & Hauke Reuter (2004). Analysing Biodiversity: The Necessity of Interdisciplinary Trends in the Development of Ecological Theory. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (s 1-2):83-105.
    Technological advancement has an ambivalent character concerning the impact on biodiversity. It accounts for major detrimental environmental impacts and aggravates threads to biodiversity. On the other hand, from an application perspective of environmental science, there are technical advancements, which increase the potential of analysis, detection and monitoring of environmental changes and open a wider spectrum of sustainable use strategies.The concept of biodiversity emerged in the last two decades as a political issue to protect the structural and functional basis of earthbound (...)
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  22. H. Sterling Burnett (1998). The Idea of Biodiversity: Philosophies of Paradise. Environmental Ethics 20 (2):203-206.
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  23. Jorge M. Cabrera (2009). The Role of Inbio in the Use of Biodiversity for Sustainable Development : Forming Bioprospecting Partnership. In Evanson C. Kamau & Gerd Winter (eds.), Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge, and the Law Solutions for Access and Benefit Sharing. Earthscan
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  24. Philip J. Cafaro, Richard B. Primack & Robert L. Zimdahl (2006). The Fat of the Land: Linking American Food Overconsumption, Obesity, and Biodiversity Loss. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (6):541-561.
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  25. Julio A. Camargo (2008). Revisiting the Relation Between Species Diversity and Information Theory. Acta Biotheoretica 56 (4):275-283.
    The Shannon information function (H) has been extensively used in ecology as a statistic of species diversity. Yet, the use of Shannon diversity index has also been criticized, mainly because of its ambiguous ecological interpretation and because of its relatively great sensitivity to the relative abundances of species in the community. In my opinion, the major shortcoming of the traditional perspective (on the possible relation of species diversity with information theory) is that species need for an external receiver (the scientist (...)
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  26. Paul Caplat (2007). Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development in Mountain Areas of Europe: The Challenge of Interdisciplinary Research. Natures Sciences Sociétés 15 (2):202-203.
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  27. Alan Carter (2010). Biodiversity and All That Jazz. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):58-75.
    This article considers several of the most famous arguments for our being under a moral obligation to preserve species, and finds them all wanting. The most promising argument for preserving all varieties of species might seem to be an aesthetic one. Unfortunately, the suggestion that the moral basis for the preservation of species should be construed as similar to the moral basis for the preservation of a work of art seems to presume (what are now widely regarded as) erroneous conceptualizations (...)
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  28. Elena Casetta & Jorge Marques da Silva (2015). Biodiversity Surgery: Some Epistemological Challenges in Facing Extinction. Axiomathes 25 (3):239-251.
    Biological conservation has a long story, but what distinguishes Conservation Biology from previous conservation fields is its multidisciplinary scope and its character as a mission-oriented crisis discipline. These characteristics suggested the introduction of the metaphor of biological conservation as a sort of surgery. This paper is about the initial stages of such surgery. Firstly, some data about the so-called “Big Sixth”—the disease—will be presented together with some information about Conservation Biology—the surgeon. Then epistemic and epistemological difficulties in extinction assessment and (...)
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  29. Richard Christian (2016). Nature’s Legacy: On Rohwer and Marris and Genomic Conservation. Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):265-267.
    Rohwer & Marris claim that “many conservation biologists” believe that there is a prima facie duty to preserve the genetic integrity of species. (A prima facie duty is a necessary pro tanto moral reason.) They describe three possible arguments for that belief and reject them all. They conclude that the biologists they cite are mistaken, and that there is no such duty: duties to preserve genetic integrity are merely instrumental: we ought act to preserve genetic integrity only because doing so (...)
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  30. D. A. Cleveland (1997). L. Busch, WB Lacy, J. Burkhardt, D. Hemken, J. Moraga-Tojel, J. Koponen, and J. De Souza S., Making Nature, Shaping Culture: Plant Biodiversity in Global Context. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 14:97-99.
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  31. M. W. Cornett (2001). Malcolm L. Hunter, Jr (Ed.), Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems. Ethics, Policy and Environment 4:65-67.
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  32. Pedro Assis Ribeiro de Oliveira (2013). Religião, Biodiversidade e Território (Religion, Biodiversity and Territory) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n30p439. Horizonte 11 (30):439-442.
    Editorial - Religião, Biodiversidade e Território. Dossiê: Religião, Biodiversidade e Território (Dossier: Religion, Biodiversity and Territory).
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  33. Kevin deLaplante (2007). Review of Sahotra Sarkar, Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (6).
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  34. Ana Delgado (2008). Opening Up for Participation in Agro-Biodiversity Conservation: The Expert-Lay Interplay in a Brazilian Social Movement. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):559-577.
    In science and environmental studies, there is a general concern for the democratization of the expert-lay interplay. However, the democratization of expertise does not necessarily lead to more sustainable decisions. If citizens do not take the sustainable choice, what should experts and decision makers do? Should the expert-lay interplay be dissolved? In thinking about how to shape the expert-lay interplay in a better way in agro-biodiversity conservation, I take the case of the MST (Movimento Sem Terra/Landless People’s Movement), possibly the (...)
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  35. Roger L. Disilvestro (1993). Reclaiming the Last Wild Places a New Agenda for Biodiversity.
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  36. Laymert Garcia dos Santos (2007). High-Tech Plundering, Biodiversity, and Cultural Erosion: The Case of Brazil. In Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Another Knowledge is Possible: Beyond Northern Epistemologies. Verso
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  37. Delali B. K. Dovie (2003). Detaining Livelihoods and Disputing Biodiversity: Whose Dilemma? Ethics, Place and Environment 6 (1):27 – 41.
    The decision-making process of conserving biodiversity within the confines of sustainable livelihoods and development is examined. It is one of the greatest dilemmas facing the conservation community because of the multifaceted nature of activities involved. The case of the conservation of coastal wetlands in Ghana (from 1993 to 1999) is utilised in developing a 'community conservation interface' (CCI) model for the active participation of local communities. The ethical basis of the model is to promote accountability, transparency and responsibility throughout a (...)
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  38. Eckart Dross (1997). Help Save Our Biodiversity! Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 7 (1):11-11.
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  39. Jian J. Duan & Russell H. Messing (1997). Biological Control of Fruit Flies in Hawaii: Factors Affecting Non-Target Risk Analysis. Agriculture and Human Values 14 (3):227-236.
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  40. Paul T. Durbin (2003). Activist Philosophy of Technology and the Preservation of Biodiversity. Techne 6 (3):141-147.
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  41. Claus Emmeche (2001). Bioinvasion, Globalization, and the Contingency of Cultural and Biological Diversity. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):237-261.
    The increasing problem of bioinvasion (the mixing up of natural species characterising the planet's local ecosystems due to globalisation) is investigated as an example of an ecosemiotic problematic. One concern is the scarcity of scientific knowledge about long term ecological and evolutionary consequences of invading species. It is argued that a natural science conception of the ecology of bioinvasion should be supplemented with an ecosemiotic understanding of the significance of these problems in relation to human culture, the question of cultural (...)
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  42. Johannes M. M. Engels, Hannes Dempewolf & Victoria Henson-Apollonio (2011). Ethical Considerations in Agro-Biodiversity Research, Collecting, and Use. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):107-126.
    Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of millions of predominantly poor people. At the same time, agricultural biodiversity is under serious threat in many parts of the world despite extensive conservation efforts. Ethical considerations regarding the collecting, research, and use of agricultural biodiversity are (...)
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  43. Arturo Escobar & Mauricio Pardo (2007). Social Movements and Biodiversity on the Pacific Coast of Colombia. In Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.), Another Knowledge is Possible: Beyond Northern Epistemologies. Verso 288--314.
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  44. Uta Eser (2009). What Is Biodiversity? International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 23 (3):330-334.
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  45. Richard Foltz (2001). Darrell Addison Posey (Ed), Cultural and Spiritual Values of Biodiversity. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (1):94-96.
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  46. David Frank (2014). Biodiversity, Conservation Biology, and Rational Choice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 45 (1):101-104.
    This paper critically discusses two areas of Sahotra Sarkar’s recent work in environmental philosophy : biodiversity and conservation biology and roles for decision theory in incorporating values explicitly in the environmental policy process. I argue that Sarkar’s emphasis on the practices of conservation biologists, and especially the role of social and cultural values in the choice of biodiversity constituents, restricts his conception of biodiversity to particular practical conservation contexts. I argue that life scientists have many reasons to measure many types (...)
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  47. C. Gamborg & P. Sandøe (2004). Beavers and Biodiversity: The Ethics of Restoration Ecology. In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press
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  48. Justin Garson, Anya Plutynski & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.) (2016). The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Biodiversity. Routledge.
    Biological diversity - or ‘biodiversity’ - is the degree of variation of life within an ecosystem. It is a relatively new topic of study but has grown enormously in recent years. Because of its interdisciplinary nature the very concept of biodiversity is the subject of debate amongst philosophers, biologists, geographers and environmentalists. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Biodiversity is an outstanding reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject. Comprising twenty-three chapters by a team of (...)
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  49. Kathryn Paxton George (1988). Biodiversity and Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):175-192.
    The maintenance of biodiversity is urged from many quarters and on grounds ranging from aesthetic considerations to its usefulness, particularly for biotechnology. But regardless of the grounds for preserving biodiversity, writers are generally in agreement that it should be preserved. But, in examining the various references biodiversity, such as species diversity, genetic diversity, and habitat diversity, it is apparent that we cannot aim to preserve biodiversityas such, since there are a number of conflicts in any such undertaking. In preserving one (...)
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  50. M. T. Ghiselin (2010). A Tendency to Diversity. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (3):389-395.
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