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  1. Wilfried Allaerts (1991). On the Role of Gravity and Positional Information in Embryological Axis Formation and Tissue Compartmentalization. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (1).
    The idea that gravity affects dorso-ventral polarization in anouran development contrasts with the theories of self-organization through reaction-diffusion processes. As a result of a literature study we discuss the role of gravity in embryological axis formation and speculate on an influence of gravity on tissue compartmentalization. The involvement of compartmentalization in tissue homeostasis is discussed in the light of the recent progress in mammalian cell culture studies.
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  2. Lydia Arianova (1996). The Information Processing Organisms. Acta Biotheoretica 44 (2).
    In spite of the tremendous progress in recent decades of biological science, many aspects of the behaviour of organisms in general and of humans in particular remain still somewhat obscure. A new approach towards the study of the behaviour of man was presented by Heisenberg when he emphasized that a Cartesian view of nature as an object out there is an illusion in so far as the observer is always part of the formula, the man viewing nature must be figured (...)
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  3. Gennaro Auletta (2011). Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information From Bacteria to Minds. Oxford University Press, Usa.
    Machine generated contents note: -- 1. Quantum Mechanics as a General Framework -- 2. Classical and Quantum Information and Entropy -- 3. The Brain: An Outlook -- 4. Vision -- 5. Dealing with Target's Motion and Our Own Movement -- 6. Complexity: A Necessary Condition -- 7. General Features of Life -- 8. The Organism as a Semiotic and Cybernetic System -- 9. Phylogeny -- 10. Ontogeny -- 11. Epigeny -- 12. Representational Semiotics -- 13. The Brain as an Information-Control (...)
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  4. Christopher J. Austin (2014). The Dispositional Genome: Primus Inter Pares. Biology and Philosophy:1-20.
    According to the proponents of Developmental Systems Theory and the Causal Parity Thesis, the privileging of the genome as “first among equals” with respect to the development of phenotypic traits is more a reflection of our own heuristic prejudice than of ontology - the underlying causal structures responsible for that specified development no more single out the genome as primary than they do other broadly “environmental” factors. Parting with the methodology of the popular responses to the Thesis, this paper offers (...)
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  5. Francisco J. Ayala (1989). Thermodynamics, Information, and Evolution: The Problem of Reductionism. [REVIEW] History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 11 (1):115 - 120.
  6. Marcello Barbieri (forthcoming). From Biosemiotics to Code Biology. Biological Theory.
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  7. Marcello Barbieri (2003). Biology with Information and Meaning. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (2):243 - 254.
    It is shown that information and meaning can be defined by operative procedures, and that we need to recognize them as new types of natural entities. They are not quantities (neither fundamental nor derived) because they cannot be measured, and they are not qualities because they are not subjective features. Here it is proposed to call them nominable entities, i.e., entities which can be specified only by naming their components in their natural order.
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  8. Lluís Barceló-Coblijn (2013). Biology: A Newcomer in Linguistics. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (3):281-284.
  9. J. Bard (2005). Bioinformatics Ain't What It Used to Be By Arthur M. Lesk. Bioessays 27 (9):981.
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  10. J. Bard (2002). An Introduction to BioInformatics By Lesk M. Bioessays 24 (9):867-868.
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  11. Scott Barolo (2012). Shadow Enhancers: Frequently Asked Questions About Distributed Cis‐Regulatory Information and Enhancer Redundancy. Bioessays 34 (2):135-141.
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  12. Carl T. Bergstrom & Martin Rosvall (2011). The Transmission Sense of Information. Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):159-176.
    Biologists rely heavily on the language of information, coding, and transmission that is commonplace in the field of information theory developed by Claude Shannon, but there is open debate about whether such language is anything more than facile metaphor. Philosophers of biology have argued that when biologists talk about information in genes and in evolution, they are not talking about the sort of information that Shannon’s theory addresses. First, philosophers have suggested that Shannon’s theory is only useful for developing a (...)
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  13. Carl Bergstrom & Martin Rosvall (2011). Response to Commentaries on “The Transmission Sense of Information”. Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):195-200.
    Response to commentaries on “The Transmission Sense of Information” Content Type Journal Article Pages 195-200 DOI 10.1007/s10539-011-9257-3 Authors Carl T. Bergstrom, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1800, USA Martin Rosvall, Integrated Science Lab, Department of Physics, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden Journal Biology and Philosophy Online ISSN 1572-8404 Print ISSN 0169-3867 Journal Volume Volume 26 Journal Issue Volume 26, Number 2.
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  14. Jesse M. Bering & Todd K. Shackelford (2004). Supernatural Agents May Have Provided Adaptive Social Information. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):732-733.
    Atran & Norenzayan's (A&N's) target article effectively combines the insights of evolutionary biology and interdisciplinary cognitive science, neither of which alone yields sufficient explanatory power to help us fully understand the complexities of supernatural belief. Although the authors' ideas echo those of other researchers, they are perhaps the most squarely grounded in neo-Darwinian terms to date. Nevertheless, A&N overlook the possibility that the tendency to infer supernatural agents' communicative intent behind natural events served an ancestrally adaptive function.
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  15. Robert N. Brandon & Norbert Hornstein (1986). From Icons to Symbols: Some Speculations on the Origins of Language. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 1 (2):169-189.
    This paper is divided into three sections. In the first section we offer a retooling of some traditional concepts, namely icons and symbols, which allows us to describe an evolutionary continuum of communication systems. The second section consists of an argument from theoretical biology. In it we explore the advantages and disadvantages of phenotypic plasticity. We argue that a range of the conditions that selectively favor phenotypic plasticity also favor a nongenetic transmission system that would allow for the inheritance of (...)
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  16. Werner Callebaut & John Collier (2006). Biological Information. Biological Theory 1 (3):221-223.
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  17. Fernando Castro-Chavez (2012). The Rules of Variation Expanded, Implications for the Research on Compatible Genomics. Biosemiotics 5 (1):121-145.
    The main focus of this article is to present the practical aspect of the code rules of variation and the search for a second set of genomic rules, including comparison of sequences to understand how to preserve compatible organisms in danger of extinction and how to generate biodiversity. Three new rules of variation are introduced: 1) homologous recombination, 2) a healthy fertile offspring, and 3) comparison of compatible genomes. The novel search in the natural world for fully compatible genomes capable (...)
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  18. Soraya De Chadarevian (1996). Sequences, Conformation, Information: Biochemists and Molecular Biologists in the 1950s. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 29 (3):361-386.
  19. William Dembski, Evolution of Biological Information.
    National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Laboratory of Experimental and Computational Biology, PO Box B, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, USA..
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  20. William Dembski, If Only Darwinists Scrutinized Their Own Work as Closely: A Response to "Erik".
    An Internet persona known as "Erik" reviewed those aspects of my book No Free Lunch dealing with the Law of Conservation of Information and specificational resources. Erik's review is titled "On Dembski's Law of Conservation of Information" and is available at http://www.talkreason.org/articles/dembski_LCI.pdf. I respond to the review here.
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  21. Stephen M. Downes, Biological Information.
    This paper discussses various concepts of biological information with particular attention being paid to genetic information.
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  22. Arantza Etxeberria Agiriano & Tomás Garcia Azkonobieta (2004). Sobre la noción de información genética: seméntica y excepcionalidad (On the notion of genetic information: semantics and exceptionality). Theoria 19 (2):209-230.
    EI objetivo de este artículo es analizar ciertas críticas a la aplicación de la nocion de informacíon en biología, teniendo en cuenta tanto la historia del concepto como las diferentes posiciones actuales. Creemos que la motivacíon principal de las críticas es negar que los genes sean un factor causal excepcional en el desarrollo, y favorecer la imagen de la vida como un sistema organizado que requiere diferentes recursos. Aunque compartimos el rechazo deI reduccionismo genetico, argumentamos que éste no es atribuible (...)
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  23. Keith D. Farnsworth, John Nelson & Carlos Gershenson (forthcoming). Living is Information Processing: From Molecules to Global Systems. Acta Biotheoretica.
    We extend the concept that life is an informational phenomenon, at every level of organisation, from molecules to the global ecological system. According to this thesis: (a) living is information processing, in which memory is maintained by both molecular states and ecological states as well as the more obvious nucleic acid coding; (b) this information processing has one overall function—to perpetuate itself; and (c) the processing method is filtration (cognition) of, and synthesis of, information at lower levels to appear at (...)
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  24. K. M. Franks & T. J. Sejnowski (2002). Communication in Neuronal Networks. Bioessays 12:1130.
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  25. Philippe Gagnon (2013). An Improbable God Between Simplicity and Complexity: Thinking About Dawkins's Challenge. International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (4):409-433.
    Richard Dawkins has popularized an argument that he thinks sound for showing that there is almost certainly no God. It rests on the assumptions (1) that complex and statistically improbable things are more difficult to explain than those that are not and (2) that an explanatory mechanism must show how this complexity can be built up from simpler means. But what justifies claims about the designer’s own complexity? One comes to a different understanding of order and of simplicity when one (...)
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  26. Maciej Giertych (2001). Rola informacji w funkcjonowaniu przyrody w kontekście sporu o ewolucję. Filozofia Nauki 2.
    Biological reality does not consist of chemistry and physics of organism alone. It also includes their information content. This information regulates developmental and reproductive processes. Its quantity is finite. We observe mixing of information (mating patterns, reduction division, hybridisation, genetic engineering), its loss (species extinction, reduction of genetic diversity in domestication, isolation, inbreeding) and increase of useless or injurious information (duplications, neutral and harmful mutations, genetic load). On the other hand we do not observe new useful biological information arising (positive (...)
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  27. Peter Godfrey-Smith, Information and the Argument From Design.
    William Dembski holds that "the origin of information is best sought in intelligent causes" ("Intelligent Design as a Theory of Information", 1997). In particular, Dembski argues that Darwinism is not able to explain the existence of biological structures that contain a certain kind of information – "complex specified information" (CSI). To explain these informational features of living systems, we must instead appeal to the choices made by an intelligent designer.
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  28. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2014). Signs and Symbolic Behavior. Biological Theory 9 (1):78-88.
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  29. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2011). Senders, Receivers, and Genetic Information: Comments on Bergstrom and Rosvall. Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):177-181.
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  30. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2007). Information in Biology. In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press. 103--119.
    The concept of information has acquired a strikingly prominent role in contemporary biology. This trend is especially marked within genetics, but it has also become important in other areas, such as evolutionary theory and developmental biology, particularly where these fields border on genetics. The most distinctive biological role for informational concepts, and the one that has generated the most discussion, is in the description of the relations between genes and the various structures and processes that genes play a role in (...)
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  31. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2001). The Role of Information and Replication in Selection Processes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):538-538.
    Hull et al. argue that information and replication are both essential ingredients in any selection process. But both information and replication are found in only some selection processes, and should not be included in abstract descriptions of selection intended to help researchers discover and describe selection processes in new domains.
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  32. R. Gorelick (2007). Werner Callebaut and John Collier-Editorial: Biological Information When Information Theory Is No Longer Theory. Biological Theory 2 (2).
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  33. Root Gorelick (2007). Werner Callebaut and John Collier—Editorial: Biological Information (Biological Theory 1: 221–223, 2006). Biological Theory 2 (2):180-182.
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  34. Root Gorelick & Manfred D. Laubichler (2008). Genetic= Heritable (Genetic# DNA). Biological Theory 3 (1):79-84.
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  35. Jeremy Grierson (1992). Messages Understood. Biochemical Messengers (1991). By D. G. Hardie. Chapman & Hall. 311pp. £13.95 Paperback. [REVIEW] Bioessays 14 (7):503-503.
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  36. David Haig (forthcoming). Fighting the Good Cause: Meaning, Purpose, Difference, and Choice. Biology and Philosophy:1-23.
    Concepts of cause, choice, and information are closely related. A cause is a choice that can be held responsible. It is a difference that makes a difference. Information about past causes and their effects is a valuable commodity because it can be used to guide future choices. Information about criteria of choice is generated by choosing a subset from an ensemble for ‘reasons’ and has meaning for an interpreter when it is used to achieve an end. Natural selection evolves interpreters (...)
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  37. William F. Harms (2006). What Is Information? Three Concepts. Biological Theory 1 (3):230-242.
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  38. Geoffrey M. Hodgson & Thorbjørn Knudsen (2008). Information, Complexity and Generative Replication. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):47-65.
    The established definition of replication in terms of the conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer is very broad. We draw inspiration from the literature on self-reproducing automata to strengthen the notion of information transfer in replication processes. To the triple conditions of causality, similarity and information transfer, we add a fourth condition that defines a “generative replicator” as a conditional generative mechanism, which can turn input signals from an environment into developmental (...)
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  39. Jesper Hoffmeyer (2001). S/E ≥ 1. Sign Systems Studies 29 (1):277-290.
    Natural (non-cultivated) systems are nmed to economize their use of energy as much as possible, and thereby to produce minimal amounts of entropy. It is suggested that this has been obtained by optimizing the evolutionary creation of semiotic controls on all processes of life. As long as biological (ultimately photosynthetic) energy sources satisfied most human needs for energy consumption, these biosemiotic controls remained largely undisturbed, with the result that production systems remained sustainable. The industrial revolution instantiated a ruphure of this (...)
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  40. Jesper Hoffmeyer (2000). The Biology of Signification. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (2):252-268.
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  41. G. Hunault, F. Beaujard, H. B. Lück & J. Lück (1991). Infogenese En Biologie Vegetale. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (3-4).
    The construction of theoretical models in biology, situated at the cross-roads of biology, mathematics and computer science, often leads to a tool as final product. Its genesis can be named Infogenesis. The procedure of the resolution of theoretical problems is analyzed on examples of practical purposes taken from plant biology.The first example deals with mineral plant nutrition, explaining a way to go from theoretical ionic balances to the experimental realization of nutritional solutions with macro-element components.
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  42. Abir Igamberdiev (1997). Information Processing as an Intrinsic Property of Biological Systems: Origin and Dynamics of Information. World Futures 50 (1):571-581.
    (1997). Information processing as an intrinsic property of biological systems: Origin and dynamics of information. World Futures: Vol. 50, No. 1-4, pp. 571-581.
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  43. Arie S. Issar, Robert G. Coldony & Giovanni Felice Azzone (1997). From Primeval Chaos to Infinite Intelligence. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (2).
  44. Ludger Jansen & Barry Smith (eds.) (2008). Biomedizinische Ontologie: Wissen Strukturieren für den Informatik-Einsatz. Vdf Hochschulverlag.
    Dieses Buch betritt Neuland. Es ist eine Einführung in das neue Gebiet der angewandten Ontologie, jenem multidisziplinären Arbeitsgebiet, in dem Philosophen gemeinsam mit Informatikern und Vertretern der jeweils thematischen Wissenschaftsbereiche, in unserem Fall mit Biologen und Medizinern, daran arbeiten, wissenschaftliches Wissen informationstechnisch zu repräsentieren. Es zeigt, wie Philosophie eine praktische Anwendung findet, die von zunehmender Wichtigkeit nicht nur in den heutigen Lebenswissenschaften ist. Und so richtet sich dieses Buch an Philosophen, aber auch an interessierte Biologen, Mediziner und Informatiker.
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  45. Phillip E. Johnson (1996). Is Genetic Information Irreducible? Biology and Philosophy 11 (4):535-538.
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  46. Gregory Katz (2008). The Hypothesis of a Genetic Protolanguage: An Epistemological Investigation. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 1 (1):57-73.
    Progress in molecular biology has revealed profound relations between linguistic and genomic sciences, mainly through advances in bioinformatics. The structural symmetries between biochemical and verbal syntaxes raise the question of their origins: did they emerge independently, or did one arise from the other? Does the genetic code contain the traces of a protolanguage, a universal grammar whose gradual evolution and successive mutations progressively led to the polymorphism of natural languages? To explore this question, we review the isomorphism of the genetic (...)
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  47. Evelyn Fox Keller (2009). Rethinking the Meaning of Biological Information. Biological Theory 4 (2):159-166.
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  48. Michel Kerszberg (2003). Genes, Neurons and Codes: Remarks on Biological Communication. Bioessays 25 (7):699-708.
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  49. Lucy Ak Kumar (2013). Information, Meaning, and Error in Biology. Biological Theory 9 (1):1-11.
    Whether “information” exists in biology, and in what sense, has been a topic of much recent discussion. I explore Shannon, Dretskean, and teleosemantic theories, and analyze whether or not they are able to give a successful naturalistic account of information—specifically accounts of meaning and error—in biological systems. I argue that the Shannon and Dretskean theories are unable to account for either, but that the teleosemantic theory is able to account for meaning. However, I argue that it is unable to account (...)
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  50. Ehud Lamm, Inheritance Systems. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2012 Edition).
    Organisms inherit various kinds of developmental information and cues from their parents. The study of inheritance systems is aimed at identifying and classifying the various mechanisms and processes of heredity, the types of hereditary information that is passed on by each, the functional interaction between the different systems, and the evolutionary consequences of these properties. We present the discussion of inheritance systems in the context of several debates. First, between proponents of monism about heredity (gene-centric views), holism about heredity (Developmental (...)
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