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Biomedical Ethics

Edited by L. Syd M Johnson (Michigan Technological University)
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  1. $authorfirstName $authorlastName (2007). Notice of Redundant Publication: Can the Difference in Medical Fees for Self and Donor Freeze-Thaw Embryo Transfer Cycle, Be in Fact a Cover-Up for the Sale of Donated Human Embryos? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):15.
    Please note that a commentary recently published in this journal (Heng; Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2007, 2:3) includes substantial duplication of Letters to the Editor published in Developing World Bioethics (Heng; Developing World Bioethics 2007, 7:49) and Human Fertility (Heng; Human Fertility 2007, 10: 129-130).
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  2. Vilhj?? Lmur ?? Rnason (2011). Nonconfrontational Rationality or Critical Reasoning. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2):228.
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  3. J. G. M. Aartsen, P. V. Admiraal, Id Debeaufort, Tmg Vanberkestijn, Jbv Waalkes, E. Borsteilers, Wh Cense, Hs Cohen, Hm Dupuis & W. Everaerd (1989). Mercy, Murder, and Morality. Hastings Center Report 19 (6):47-48.
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  4. Emily Abdoler, Baruch da See WendlerBrody & Courtney S. Campbell (2010). By Author. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):391-393.
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  5. Julia Abelson, Mark E. Warren & Pierre‐Gerlier Forest (2012). The Future of Public Deliberation on Health Issues. Hastings Center Report 42 (2):27-29.
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  6. Virginia Abernethy (1983). The Consequences of “Terminal Rescue”. Hastings Center Report 13 (1):36-36.
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  7. Tineke A. Abma, Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven (2009). Good Care in Ongoing Dialogue. Improving the Quality of Care Through Moral Deliberation and Responsive Evaluation. Health Care Analysis 17 (3):217-235.
    Recently, moral deliberation within care institutions is gaining more attention in medical ethics. Ongoing dialogues about ethical issues are considered as a vehicle for quality improvement of health care practices. The rise of ethical conversation methods can be understood against the broader development within medical ethics in which interaction and dialogue are seen as alternatives for both theoretical or individual reflection on ethical questions. In other disciplines, intersubjectivity is also seen as a way to handle practical problems, and methodologies have (...)
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  8. Tineke Abma, Anna Alomes, Gwen Anderson, Mila Aroskar, Kim Atkins, Joy Bickley-Asher, Helen Booth, Janie Butts, Miriam Cameron & Franco Carnevale (2008). Reviewers of Articles Received and Published in 2007–08. Nursing Ethics 15 (6):851.
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  9. Tineke Abma, Anne Arber, Arie van der Arend, Marianne Benedicta Arndt, Robert Arnott, Kim Atkins, Helen Aveyard, Susan Bailey, Joy Bickley-Asher & Pamela Bjorklund (2007). Reviewers of Articles Received and Published in 2006Á/07. Nursing Ethics 14 (6):849.
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  10. Tineke Abma & Guy Widdershoven (2014). Dialogical Ethics and Responsive Evaluation as a Framework for Patient Participation. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):27-29.
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  11. Jean Marie Abraham, Thomas DeLeire & Anne Beeson Royalty (2009). Access to Health Insurance at Small Establishments: What Can We Learn From Analyzing Other Fringe Benefits? Inquiry 46 (3):253-273.
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  12. María Antonia Acosta Valdés, Jorge Luis Quintana Torres, Maria Elena Macías Llanes & Dalyla Alonso Rodríguez (2006). Retos Tecnológicos Para Un Diagnóstico Actual Por El Laboratorio:: Estrés Oxidativo En Pediatría. Humanidades Médicas 6 (3):0-0.
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  13. David Adams (2003). Book Review. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):131-134.
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  14. David M. Adams (2008). A Practical Guide to Clinical Ethics Consulting by Christopher Meyers. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2007. 114 Pp. $19.95.: 8080432. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (03):347-350.
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  15. David M. Adams (2003). Divided Minds and Successive Selves: Ethical Issues in Disorders of Identity and Personality, by Jennifer Radden. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996. 296 Pp. $55.00. [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):131-134.
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  16. David M. Adams (2000). David S. Oderberg and Jacqueline A. Laing, Human Lives: Critical Essays on Consequentialist Bioethics:Human Lives: Critical Essays on Consequentialist Bioethics. Ethics 110 (2):434-436.
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  17. David Michael Adams (2013). Ethics Expertise and Moral Authority: Is There a Difference? American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2):27-28.
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  18. G. P. Adams & M. Cook (1981). The Houseman and the Dying Patient. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):142-145.
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  19. J. Adams (1992). Predictive Testing for Huntington Disease-Response. Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):48-48.
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  20. J. Adams (1992). Response to Huggins and Hayden. Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):48-48.
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  21. J. Adams (1990). Confidentiality and Huntington's Chorea. Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (4):196-199.
    A doctor has duties towards his patients of both confidentiality and veracity and at times these may conflict, as in the following case. A mother who has the symptoms of Huntington's chorea does not wish her daughters to know. The doctor must try to make her realise how valuable the information can be to the daughters, and thus obtain her consent to inform them. If the mother's consent cannot be obtained, then the doctor must tell the mother that he cannot (...)
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  22. Krystyna Adams, Jeremy Snyder, Valorie A. Crooks & Rory Johnston (2013). Promoting Social Responsibility Amongst Health Care Users: Medical Tourists' Perspectives on an Information Sheet Regarding Ethical Concerns in Medical Tourism. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):19.
    Medical tourists, persons that travel across international borders with the intention to access non-emergency medical care, may not be adequately informed of safety and ethical concerns related to the practice of medical tourism. Researchers indicate that the sources of information frequently used by medical tourists during their decision-making process may be biased and/or lack comprehensive information regarding individual safety and treatment outcomes, as well as potential impacts of the medical tourism industry on third parties. This paper explores the feedback from (...)
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  23. Lee Adams & Ewan Armstrong (1996). Health Promotion—Penrith Paradoxes. From Analysis to Synthesis II—The Revenge. A Report of the Symposium. Health Care Analysis 4 (2):112-119.
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  24. Lee Adams & Ewan Armstrong (1996). Searching for the Roots of Health Promotion. Health Care Analysis 4 (2):112-119.
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  25. Marcus P. Adams (2007). Conscience and Conflict. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):28 – 29.
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  26. Mary Adams, Ernest D. Prentice & G. S. Oki (1995). Ethical Considerations in Informed Consent for Potential Future Use of Human Tissue Samples. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 18 (2):6-7.
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  27. Reviewed by David M. Adams (2000). David S. Oderberg and Jacqueline A. Laing, Human Lives: Critical Essays on Consequentialist Bioethics. Ethics 110 (2).
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  28. S. T. Adams & S. H. Leveson (2011). Should Blood-Borne Virus Testing Be Part of Operative Consent? When the Doctor Becomes the Patient. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):476-478.
    Point-of-care testing (POCT) is a sensitive, specific and rapid form of testing for the presence of HIV antibodies. Post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV infection can reduce seroconversion rates by up to 80%. Needlestick injuries are the second commonest cause of occupational injury in the NHS and 20% of these occur during operations. In the NHS, in order to protect staff and patients from the risk of bloodborne viruses such as HIV, it is mandatory to report such injuries; however, numerous studies have (...)
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  29. Samantha Adams & Antoinette de Bont (2007). Information Rx: Prescribing Good Consumerism and Responsible Citizenship. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (4):273-290.
    Recent medical informatics and sociological literature has painted the image of a new type of patient—one that is reflexive and informed, with highly specified information needs and perceptions, as well as highly developed skills and tactics for acquiring information. Patients have been re-named “reflexive consumers.” At the same time, literature about the questionable reliability of web-based information has suggested the need to create both user tools that have pre-selected information and special guidelines for individuals to use to check the individual (...)
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  30. T. Adams (2001). Book Review: Challenging Ideas in Psychiatric Nursing. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 8 (2):169-170.
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  31. Vincanne Adams (2004). Equity of the Ineffable: Cultural and Political Constraints on Ethnomedicine as a Health Problem in Contemporary Tibet. In Sudhir Anand, Fabienne Peter & Amartya Sen (eds.), Public Health, Ethics, and Equity. OUP
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  32. Peter C. Adamson, Carmen Paradis & Martin L. Smith (2007). All for One, or One for All? Hastings Center Report 37 (4):13-15.
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  33. Peter C. Adamson, Carmen Paradis, Martin L. Smith, Nicholas Agar, Jacob M. Appel, David Benatar, Nancy Berlinger, Daniel Brudney, Lucy M. Candib & Arthur L. Caplan (2007). Following is the Comprehensive Index for Volume 37 of the Hastings Center Report, Covering All Feature Material From 2007. Letters Have Not Been Included. Ffl Complete Issues Are Available for Volume 37 (2007) and May Be Purchased for $16.00 Each, Plus Shipping. Please Contact the Circulation Department, The Hastings Center, 21 Malcolm Gordon Road, Garrison, NY 10524; Tel.:(845) 424-4040; Fax:(845) 424-4545; E-Mail: Publications@ Thehastingscenter. Org. [REVIEW] Hastings Center Report 37.
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  34. Raphael Adar & Nava Pliskin (1980). Cost Analysis of the Utilization of New Vascular Grafts. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 1 (2):213-223.
    A cost analysis of the utilization of new expensive vascular grafts is performed, applying the methodology of decision analysis to the theoretical case of a sixty year old male patient undergoing femoropopliteal grafting for limb threatening ischemia. The problem is presented graphically as a decision tree, uncertainties are quantified in terms of probabilities and end outcomes are evaluated in monetary terms. This informations is then utilized to calculate cost values associated with alternative actions.Based on initial cumulative patency figures of the (...)
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  35. Allan Adelman (1977). Explorations Toward a Logic of Empirical Discovery: A Case Study in Clinical Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):54-70.
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  36. David E. Adelman (2009). Bending Science: How Special Interests Corrupt Public Health Research (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (3):464-469.
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  37. Gerald W. Adelmann (forthcoming). G-Tp of&, 000 or Me. Hastings Center Report.
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  38. Gerald W. Adelmann (1998). Reworking the Landscape, Chicago Style. Hastings Center Report 28 (6):6-11.
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  39. S. M. Adib & G. N. Hamadeh (1999). Attitudes of the Lebanese Public Regarding Disclosure of Serious Illness. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (5):399-403.
    OBJECTIVES: To measure the preference regarding disclosure of a serious diagnosis, and its determinants, of the Lebanese public. DESIGN AND SETTING: Non-random sample survey of 400 persons interviewed in health care facilities in Beirut in 1995. RESULTS: Forty-two per cent of respondents generally preferred truth not to be disclosed directly to patients. Preference for disclosure was associated with younger age, better education and tendency to rapport-building with physicians. There were no meaningful associations between place of residence (urban/rural), level of religious (...)
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  40. Salim M. Adib, Sami H. Kawas & Theresa A. Hajjar (2003). End-of-Life Issues as Perceived by Lebanese Judges. Developing World Bioethics 3 (1):10–26.
    a relatively more sympathetic attitude among younger judges, many of them women, and among trainees, may reflect a historical evoluti.
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  41. Paola Adinolfi (2012). Barriers to Reforming Healthcare: The Italian Case. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis (1):1-23.
    Using the conceptual lenses offered by the ideational and cultural path taken in the health care arena, this article attempts to explain the trajectory of recent major health care reforms in Italy and the reasons for their failure, as well as providing some directions for successful intervention. A diachronic analysis of the relatively under-investigated phenomenon of health care reforms in Italy is carried out, drawing on a systematic review of the Italian and international literature combined with the research work carried (...)
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  42. Paola Adinolfi (2012). Philosophy, Medicine and Healthcare: Insights From the Italian Experience. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis (3):1-22.
    To contribute to our understanding of the relationship between philosophical ideas and medical and healthcare models. A diachronic analysis is put in place in order to evaluate, from an innovative perspective, the influence over the centuries on medical and healthcare models of two philosophical concepts, particularly relevant for health: how Man perceives his identity and how he relates to Nature. Five epochs are identified—the Archaic Age, Classical Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Modern Age, the ‘Postmodern’ Era—which can be seen, à (...)
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  43. Roger Adkins (1999). Where “Sex” Is Born(E): Intersexed Births and the Social Urgency of Heterosexuality. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (2):117-133.
    Our beloved “genders” of the present moment are neither universal nor trans-historical presences in the world. The specific gender order which we employ today is the legacy of a particular cultural and political history, and there is still a great deal at stake in preserving it. As a graduate student I stumbled upon the topic of intersexuality a few years ago and found myself enthralled with its implications. Continuing to present itself inspite of all our scientific knowledge about the supposed (...)
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  44. Arjun L. Adlakha & C. M. Suchindran (1985). Factors Affecting Infant and Child Mortality. Journal of Biosocial Science 17 (4):481-496.
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  45. John Adlam, Irwin Gill, Shane N. Glackin, Brendan D. Kelly, Christopher Scanlon & Seamus Mac Suibhne (2013). Perspectives on Erving Goffman's “Asylums” Fifty Years On. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (3):605-613.
    Erving Goffman’s “Asylums” is a key text in the development of contemporary, community-orientated mental health practice. It has survived as a trenchant critique of the asylum as total institution, and its publication in 1961 in book form marked a further stage in the discrediting of the asylum model of mental health care. In this paper, some responses from a range of disciplines to this text, 50 years on, are presented. A consultant psychiatrist with a special interest in cultural psychiatry and (...)
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  46. Abdallah A. Adlan & Henk Amj ten Have (2012). The Dilemma of Revealing Sensitive Information on Paternity Status in Arabian Social and Cultural Contexts. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):403-409.
    Telling the truth is one of the most respected virtues in medical history and one of the most emphasized in the code of medical ethics. Health care providers are frequently confronted with the dilemma as to whether or not to tell the truth. This dilemma deepens when both choices are critically vicious: The choice is no longer between “right and right” or “right and wrong,” it is between “wrong and wrong.” In the case presented and discussed in this paper, a (...)
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  47. M. W. Adler (1991). HIV, Confidentiality and 'a Delicate Balance': A Reply to Leone Ridsdale. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (4):196-198.
    The passing on of information to GPs by genito-urinary doctors is to be encouraged but is not always possible and ultimately the patient's wishes and confidentiality must be respected if sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection are to be controlled. Infected health-care workers should seek counselling and medical support and clear guidelines from professional organisations which are in existence. However, they will only do so if strict confidentiality is maintained and assurance about future employment can be given.
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  48. Liza Dawson Adnan A. Hyder (2005). Defining Standard of Care in the Developing World: The Intersection of International Research Ethics and Health Systems Analysis. Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):142-152.
    ABSTRACTIn recent years there has been intense debate regarding the level of medical care provided to ‘standard care’ control groups in clinical trials in developing countries, particularly when the research sponsors come from wealthier countries. The debate revolves around the issue of how to define a standard of medical care in a country in which many people are not receiving the best methods of medical care available in other settings. In this paper, we argue that additional dimensions of the standard (...)
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  49. Salman A. Wali Adnan A. Hyder (2006). Informed Consent and Collaborative Research: Perspectives From the Developing World. Developing World Bioethics 6 (1):33-40.
    ABSTRACTIntroduction: Informed consent has been recognized as an important component of research protocols and procedures of disclosure and consent in collaborative research have been criticized, as they may not be in keeping with cultural norms of developing countries. This study, which is part of a larger project funded by the United States National Bioethics Advisory Commission, explores the opinions of developing country researchers regarding informed consent in collaborative research.Methods: A survey of developing country researchers, involved in human subject research, was (...)
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  50. A. Adnan (2006). Hyder & Salmon A. Informed Consent and Collaborative Research Perspectives From the Developing World. Bioethics 6:33-40.
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