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Biomedical Ethics

Edited by L. Syd M Johnson (Michigan Technological University)
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  1. $authorfirstName $authorlastName (2007). Notice of Redundant Publication: Can the Difference in Medical Fees for Self and Donor Freeze-Thaw Embryo Transfer Cycle, Be in Fact a Cover-Up for the Sale of Donated Human Embryos? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2 (1):15.
    Please note that a commentary recently published in this journal (Heng; Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 2007, 2:3) includes substantial duplication of Letters to the Editor published in Developing World Bioethics (Heng; Developing World Bioethics 2007, 7:49) and Human Fertility (Heng; Human Fertility 2007, 10: 129-130).
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  2. Vilhj?? Lmur ?? Rnason (2011). Nonconfrontational Rationality or Critical Reasoning. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2):228.
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  3. J. G. M. Aartsen, P. V. Admiraal, Id Debeaufort, Tmg Vanberkestijn, Jbv Waalkes, E. Borsteilers, Wh Cense, Hs Cohen, Hm Dupuis & W. Everaerd (1989). Mercy, Murder, and Morality. Hastings Center Report 19 (6):47-48.
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  4. Emily Abdoler, Baruch da See WendlerBrody & Courtney S. Campbell (2010). By Author. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (4):391-393.
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  5. Khalil Abdur-Rashid, Steven Woodward Furber & Taha Abdul-Basser (2013). Lifting the Veil: A Typological Survey of the Methodological Features of Islamic Ethical Reasoning on Biomedical Issues. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (2):81-93.
    We survey the meta-ethical tools and institutional processes that traditional Islamic ethicists apply when deliberating on bioethical issues. We present a typology of these methodological elements, giving particular attention to the meta-ethical techniques and devices that traditional Islamic ethicists employ in the absence of decisive or univocal authoritative texts or in the absence of established transmitted cases. In describing how traditional Islamic ethicists work, we demonstrate that these experts possess a variety of discursive tools. We find that the ethical responsa—i.e., (...)
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  6. N. Abedini (2015). Essay: Break the Silence. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):95-96.
    The author recounts major personal and moral tensions that arose during an 11-month period living in Ghana and shares how she has since learned to reconcile those tensions.
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  7. Norman Abeles (1996). Ethical Conflicts in Psychology (Book). Ethics and Behavior 6 (1):71 – 74.
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  8. Melinda Abelman, P. Pearl O'Rourke & Kai C. Sonntag (2012). Part-Human Animal Research: The Imperative to Move Beyond a Philosophical Debate. American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):26-28.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 9, Page 26-28, September 2012.
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  9. Julia Abelson (2009). Opportunities and Challenges in the Use of Public Deliberation to Inform Public Health Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (11):24-25.
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  10. Julia Abelson, Mark E. Warren & Pierre‐Gerlier Forest (2012). The Future of Public Deliberation on Health Issues. Hastings Center Report 42 (2):27-29.
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  11. Virginia Abernethy (1984). Organs for Auction. Hastings Center Report 14 (6):49-49.
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  12. Virginia Abernethy (1983). The Consequences of “Terminal Rescue”. Hastings Center Report 13 (1):36-36.
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  13. Tineke A. Abma (2005). Struggling with the Fragility of Life: A Relational-Narrative Approach to Ethics in Palliative Nursing. Nursing Ethics 12 (4):337-348.
    In nursing ethics the role of narratives and dialogue has become more prominent in recent years. The purpose of this article is to illuminate a relational-narrative approach to ethics in the context of palliative nursing. The case study presented concerns a difficult relationship between oncology nurses and a husband whose wife was hospitalized with cancer. The husband’s narrative is an expression of depression, social isolation and the loss of hope. He found no meaning in the process of dying and death. (...)
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  14. Tineke A. Abma (2001). Evaluating Palliative Care: Facilitating Reflexive Dialgoues About an Ambiguous Concept. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (3):261-276.
    Palliation is a relatively new concept that is used in connection with the integral care provided to those who are unable to recover from their illness. The specific meaning of the concept has not been clearly defined. This article explores the possibilities offered by a responsive approach to evaluation that can facilitate a reflexive dialogue on this ambiguous concept. In doing so it draws on a case study of a palliative care project in a Dutch health care authority. The article (...)
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  15. Tineke A. Abma & Vivianne Baur (2012). Seeking Connections, Creating Movement: The Power of Altruistic Action. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis (4):1-19.
    Participation of older people in designing and improving the care and services provided in residential care settings is limited. Traditional forms of democratic representation, such as client councils, and consumer models are management-driven. An alternative way of involving older people in the decisions over their lives, grounded in notions of care ethics and deliberative democracy, was explored by action research. In line with this tradition older people engage in collective action to enhance the control over their lives and those of (...)
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  16. Tineke A. Abma, Vivianne E. Baur, Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven (2010). Inter-Ethics: Towards an Interactive and Interdependent Bioethics. Bioethics 24 (5):242-255.
    Since its origin bioethics has been a specialized, academic discipline, focussing on moral issues, using a vast set of globalized principles and rational techniques to evaluate and guide healthcare practices. With the emergence of a plural society, the loss of faith in experts and authorities and the decline of overarching grand narratives and shared moralities, a new approach to bioethics is needed. This approach implies a shift from an external critique of practices towards embedded ethics and interactive practice improvement, and (...)
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  17. Tineke A. Abma, Bert Molewijk & Guy A. M. Widdershoven (2009). Good Care in Ongoing Dialogue. Improving the Quality of Care Through Moral Deliberation and Responsive Evaluation. Health Care Analysis 17 (3):217-235.
    Recently, moral deliberation within care institutions is gaining more attention in medical ethics. Ongoing dialogues about ethical issues are considered as a vehicle for quality improvement of health care practices. The rise of ethical conversation methods can be understood against the broader development within medical ethics in which interaction and dialogue are seen as alternatives for both theoretical or individual reflection on ethical questions. In other disciplines, intersubjectivity is also seen as a way to handle practical problems, and methodologies have (...)
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  18. Tineke A. Abma, Barth Oeseburg, Guy Am Widdershoven, Minke Goldsteen & Marian A. Verkerk (2005). Two Women with Multiple Sclerosis and Their Caregivers: Conflicting Normative Expectations. Nursing Ethics 12 (5):479-492.
    It is not uncommon that nurses are unable to meet the normative expectations of chronically ill patients. The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate Walker’s expressive-collaborative view of morality to interpret the normative expectations of two women with multiple sclerosis. Both women present themselves as autonomous persons who make their own choices, but who also have to rely on others for many aspects of their lives, for example, to find a new balance between work and social contacts (...)
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  19. Tineke A. Abma & Guy Am Widdershoven (2006). Moral Deliberation in Psychiatric Nursing Practice. Nursing Ethics 13 (5):546-557.
    Moral deliberation has been receiving more attention in nursing ethics. Several ethical conversation models have been developed. This article explores the feasibility of the so-called CARE (Considerations, Actions, Reasons, Experiences) model as a framework for moral deliberation in psychiatric nursing practice. This model was used in combination with narrative and dialogical approaches to foster discourse between various stakeholders about coercion in a closed admission clinic in a mental hospital in the Netherlands. The findings demonstrate that the CARE model provides a (...)
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  20. Tineke A. Abma, Guy Am Widdershoven, Brenda Jm Frederiks, Rob H. Van Hooren, Frans van Wijmen & Paul Lmg Curfs (2008). Dialogical Nursing Ethics: The Quality of Freedom Restrictions. Nursing Ethics 15 (6):789-802.
    This article deals with the question of how ethicists respond to practical moral problems emerging in health care practices. Do they remain distanced, taking on the role of an expert, or do they become engaged with nurses and other participants in practice and jointly develop contextualized insights about good care? A basic assumption of dialogical ethics entails that the definition of good care and what it means to be a good nurse is a collaborative product of ongoing dialogues among various (...)
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  21. Tineke Abma, Anna Alomes, Gwen Anderson, Mila Aroskar, Kim Atkins, Joy Bickley-Asher, Helen Booth, Janie Butts, Miriam Cameron & Franco Carnevale (2008). Reviewers of Articles Received and Published in 2007–08. Nursing Ethics 15 (6):851.
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  22. Tineke Abma, Anne Arber, Arie van der Arend, Marianne Benedicta Arndt, Robert Arnott, Kim Atkins, Helen Aveyard, Susan Bailey, Joy Bickley-Asher & Pamela Bjorklund (2007). Reviewers of Articles Received and Published in 2006Á/07. Nursing Ethics 14 (6):849.
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  23. Tineke Abma, Anne Bruijn, Tinie Kardol, Jos Schols & Guy Widdershoven (2012). Responsibilities in Elderly Care: Mr Powell's Narrative of Duty and Relations. Bioethics 26 (1):22-31.
    In Western countries a considerable number of older people move to a residential home when their health declines. Institutionalization often results in increased dependence, inactivity and loss of identity or self-worth (dignity). This raises the moral question as to how older, institutionalized people can remain autonomous as far as continuing to live in line with their own values is concerned. Following Walker's meta-ethical framework on the assignment of responsibilities, we suggest that instead of directing all older people towards more autonomy (...)
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  24. Tineke Abma & Guy Widdershoven (2014). Dialogical Ethics and Responsive Evaluation as a Framework for Patient Participation. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (6):27-29.
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  25. A. Abou-Zeid, H. Silverman, M. Shehata, M. Shams, M. Elshabrawy, T. Hifnawy, S. A. Rahman, B. Galal, H. Sleem, N. Mikhail & N. Moharram (2010). Collection, Storage and Use of Blood Samples for Future Research: Views of Egyptian Patients Expressed in a Cross-Sectional Survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):539-547.
    Objective To determine the attitudes of Egyptian patients regarding their participation in research and with the collection, storage and future use of blood samples for research purposes. Design Cross-sectional survey. Study population Adult Egyptian patients (n=600) at rural and urban hospitals and clinics. Results Less than half of the study population (44.3%) felt that informed consent forms should provide research participants the option to have their blood samples stored for future research. Of these participants, 39.9% thought that consent forms should (...)
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  26. Halpern Abraham, Halpern John & Doherty Sean (2008). " Enhanced" Interrogation of Detainees: Do Psychologists and Psychiatrists Participate? Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3.
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  27. Jean Marie Abraham, Thomas DeLeire & Anne Beeson Royalty (2009). Access to Health Insurance at Small Establishments: What Can We Learn From Analyzing Other Fringe Benefits? Inquiry 46 (3):253-273.
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  28. John Abraham (2008). The Politics and Bio-Ethics of Regulatory Trust: Case-Studies of Pharmaceuticals. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (4):415-426.
    Drawing on case studies from the modern era of pharmaceutical regulation in the UK, US and Europe, I examine how the extent and distribution of trust between regulators, the pharmaceutical industry, and the medical profession about drug testing and monitoring influences knowledge and regulatory judgements about the efficacy and safety of prescription drugs. Introducing the concepts of ‘acquiescent’ and ‘investigative’ norms of regulatory trust, I demonstrate how investigative norms of regulatory trust—which deter pharmaceutical companies from assuming that their data analyses (...)
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  29. Susan Abramowitz (1984). A Stalemate on Test‐Tube Baby Research. Hastings Center Report 14 (1):5-9.
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  30. Fredrick R. Abrams (1984). Rejoinder to 'Medicine as Patriarchal Religion'. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (3):313-318.
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  31. Fredrick R. Abrams (1984). Response to Professor Rawlinson. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (3):325-326.
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  32. Jerold J. Abrams (2004). Pragmatism, Artificial Intelligence, and Posthuman Bioethics: Shusterman, Rorty, Foucault. [REVIEW] Human Studies 27 (3):241-258.
    Michel Foucault's early works criticize the development of modern democratic institutions as creating a surveillance society, which functions to control bodies by making them feel watched and monitored full time. His later works attempt to recover private space by exploring subversive techniques of the body and language. Following Foucault, pragmatists like Richard Shusterman and Richard Rorty have also developed very rich approaches to this project, extending it deeper into the literary and somatic dimensions of self-stylizing. Yet, for a debate centered (...)
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  33. Natalie Abrams (1981). Teaching Bioethics. Teaching Philosophy 4 (2):166-168.
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  34. L. Abramsky (2001). Genetic Information: Acquisition, Access, and Control: Edited by Alison K Thompson and Ruth F Chadwick, New York, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, 1999, 348 Pages, $115 (Hc). [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (3):213-a-214.
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  35. Marcia Abramson (1982). Social Work and the Safety Net. Hastings Center Report 12 (4):19-23.
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  36. Desiree Abu-Odeh (2014). Fat Stigma and Public Health: A Theoretical Framework and Ethical Analysis. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (3):247-265.
    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2012), a drastic increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United States over the past 20 years constitutes an epidemic. The World Health Organization (2013) speaks of the global obesity epidemic, or “globesity,” as “taking over many parts of the world.” In the world of public health, obesity is understood to be a major health issue in need of immediate intervention.In attempts to address the obesity epidemic, public health (...)
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  37. H. H. Abu-Saad, H. A. Akinsola, P. Alderson, G. Anderson, A. E. Armstrong, W. Austin, P. J. Barker, G. Benhamou-Jantelet, M. Bergsten & M. E. Cameron (2001). 582 Index 2001, Volume 8. Nursing Ethics 8 (6).
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  38. S. A. Abu-Sahlieh (1995). No Distinction Between Male and Female Circumcision. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (5):311-311.
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  39. R. Accordino, N. Kopple-Perry, N. Gligorov & S. Krieger (2014). The Medical Record as Legal Document: When Can the Patient Dictate the Content? An Ethics Case From the Department of Neurology. Clinical Ethics 9 (1):53-56.
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  40. Liliana Acero (2009). Response: The Commodification of Women's Bodies in Trafficking for Prostitution and Egg Donation. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (1):25 - 32.
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  41. David Achanfuo Yeboah (2002). The Provision of Family Planning Services in the Caribbean. Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (3):379-394.
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  42. W. Andrew Achenbaum (1994). Why U.S. Health Care Reform Is So Difficult. Hastings Center Report 24 (5):23-24.
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  43. Augustine C. Achilihu (2006). Ethics of Human Life: Issues, Problems & Implications. Snaap Press.
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  44. Roger Achille, Christine Perakslis & Katina Michael (2012). Ethical Issues to Consider for Microchip Implants in Humans. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 3 (1-3):75-86.
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  45. Felicia Ackerman (1998). Response to “This Porridge Is Too Thin” by Gretchen M. Brown and “Demolishing a 'Straw Man'” by Elliott J. Rosen (CQ Vol 7, No 2). [REVIEW] Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (03):323-325.
    Each of these hospice officials makes several criticisms of my paper, Philosophy of Hospice I will treat these criticisms in turn.
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  46. Felicia Ackerman (1997). Goldilocks and Mrs. Ilych: A Critical Look at the “Philosophy of Hospice”. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (3):314-.
    Anyone who thinks contemporary American society is hopelessly contentious and lacking in shared values has probably not been paying attention to the way the popular media portray the hospice movement. Over and over, we are told such things as that “Humane care costs less than high-tech care and is what patients want and need,” that hospices are “the most effective and least expensive route to a dignified death,” that hospice personnel are “heroic,” that their “compassion and dedication seem inexhaustible,” and (...)
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  47. Felicia Ackerman (1996). What Is the Proper Role for Charity in Healthcare? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (03):425-.
    My little girl has leukemia; she has had it for over a year, and now she needs at least five pints of blood a day. Not the whole blood, just the platelets. Most of our relatives and friends have given at least a few times. But we need more. Now I have to go to strangers.So begins Roberta Silman's short story, “Giving Blood,” a story about illness and charity. When the narrator's husband solicited blood donations at his workplace, “he thought (...)
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  48. Felicia Ackerman (1991). The Significance of a Wish. Hastings Center Report 21 (4):27-29.
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  49. Felicia Nimue Ackerman (2007). Lucinda Among the Bioethicists. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):61-62.
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  50. M. B. Ackerman (2010). Selling Orthodontic Need: Innocent Business Decision or Guilty Pleasure? Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (5):275-278.
    The principal objective for most patients seeking orthodontic services is a detectable improvement in their dentofacial appearance. Orthodontic treatment, in the mind of the patient, is something that makes you look better, feel better about yourself, and perhaps enhances your social possibilities, ie, to find a companion or make a positive impression during a job interview. Orthodontics, as a speciality, has collectively advanced the idea that enhanced occlusion (bite) improves the health and longevity of the dentition, and as a result (...)
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