Related categories
Siblings:
203 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 203
  1. G. J. Agich & R. P. Jones (1985). The Logical Status of Brain Death Criteria. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (4):387-396.
    This article is an attempt to clarify a confusion in the brain death literature between logical sufficiency/necessity and natural sufficiency/necessity. We focus on arguments that draw conclusions regarding empirical matters of fact from conceptual or ontological definitions. Specifically, we critically analyze arguments by Tom Tomlinson and Michael B. Green and Daniel Wikler. which, respectively, confuse logical and natural sufficiency and logical and natural necessity. Our own conclusion is that it is especially important in discussing the brain death issue to observe (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. George J. Agich & Royce P. Jones (1986). Personal Identity and Brain Death: A Critical Response. Philosophy and Public Affairs 15 (3):267-274.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Can There Be Agreement (2013). Human Death? In Arthur L. Caplan & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Bioethics. John Wiley & Sons. 369.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Janice A. Anderson, Lawrence W. Vernaglia & Shirley P. Morrigan (2007). Refusal of Brain Death Diagnosis. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 9 (3):90-92.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Atsushi Asai, Yasuhiro Kadooka & Kuniko Aizawa (2010). Arguments Against Promoting Organ Transplants From Brain-Dead Donors, and Views of Contemporary Japanese on Life and Death. Bioethics 26 (4):215-223.
    As of 2009, the number of donors in Japan is the lowest among developed countries. On July 13, 2009, Japan's Organ Transplant Law was revised for the first time in 12 years. The revised and old laws differ greatly on four primary points: the definition of death, age requirements for donors, requirements for brain-death determination and organ extraction, and the appropriateness of priority transplants for relatives.In the four months of deliberations in the National Diet before the new law was established, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Stephen Ashwal (1989). Anencephalic Infants as Organ Donors and the Brain Death Standard. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):79-87.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Nicanor Pier Giorgio Austriaco (2009). In Defense of the Loss of Bodily Integrity as a Criterion for Death: A Response to the Radical Capacity Argument. The Thomist 73 (4):647-659.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Alireza Bagheri (2003). Criticism of "Brain Death" Policy in Japan. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (4):359-372.
    : The 1997 Japanese organ transplantation law is the fruit of a long debate on "brain death" and organ transplantation, which involved the general public and experts in the relevant fields. The aim of this paper is to trace the history of the implementation of the law and to critique the law in terms of its consistency and fairness. The paper argues that the legislation adopts a double standard regarding the role of the family. On the one hand, the legislation (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Terry R. Bard (2007). Refusal of Brain Death Diagnosis. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 9 (3):92-94.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Robert L. Barry (1987). Ethics and Brain Death. New Scholasticism 61 (1):82-98.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Kurt Bayertz (1992). Techno-Thanatology: Moral Consequences of Introducing Brain Criteria for Death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):407-417.
    This paper is based on the hypothesis that the effort to establish new criteria for diagnosing human death, which has been taking place over the past twenty years or more, can be viewed as a paradigm case for the impact of scientific and technological progress on morality. This impact takes the form of three tendencies within the change in morality, which may be characterized as ‘denaturalization’, ‘functionalization’ and ‘homogenization’. The paper concludes with the view that these tendencies do not indicate (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. James L. Bernat (2014). Whither Brain Death? American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):3-8.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. James L. Bernat (2013). Constitutes Human Death. In Arthur L. Caplan & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Bioethics. John Wiley & Sons. 25--377.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. James L. Bernat (2006). The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy. Journal of Law, Medicine Andlt;Html_ent Glyph= 34 (1):35-43.
    “Brain death,” the determination of human death by showing the irreversible loss of all clinical functions of the brain, has become a worldwide practice. A biophilosophical account of brain death requires four sequential tasks: agreeing on the paradigm of death, a set of preconditions that frame the discussion; determining the definition of death by making explicit the consensual concept of death; determining the criterion of death that proves the definition has been fulfilled by being both necessary and sufficient for death; (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. James L. Bernat (2006). The Concept and Practice of Brain Death. In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  16. James L. Bernat (2004). On Irreversibility as a Prerequisite for Brain Death Determination. In C. Machado & D. E. Shewmon (eds.), Brain Death and Disorders of Consciousness. Plenum. 161--167.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. James L. Bernat (2002). The Biophilosophical Basis of Whole-Brain Death. Soc Philos Policy 19 (2):324-42.
    Notwithstanding these wise pronouncements, my project here is to characterize the biological phenomenon of death of the higher animal species, such as vertebrates. My claim is that the formulation of “whole-brain death” provides the most congruent map for our correct understanding of the concept of death. This essay builds upon the foundation my colleagues and I have laid since 1981 to characterize the concept of death and refine when this event occurs. Although our society's well-accepted program of multiple organ procurement (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. James L. Bernat (1992). How Much of the Brain Must Die in Brain Death? Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (1):21.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Mary Jiang Bresnahan & Kevin Mahler (2010). Ethical Debate Over Organ Donation in the Context of Brain Death. Bioethics 24 (2):54-60.
    This study investigated what information about brain death was available from Google searches for five major religions. A substantial body of supporting research examining online behaviors shows that information seekers use Google as their preferred search engine and usually limit their search to entries on the first page. For each of the five religions in this study, Google listings reveal ethical controversy about organ donation in the context of brain death. These results suggest that family members who go online to (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Howard Brody (1983). Brain Death and Personal Existence: A Reply to Green and Wikler. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):187-196.
    It has been argued that neither the biological or the moral justifications commonly given for adoption of brain-death criteria are adequate; and that the only argument that succeeds is an ontological justification based on the fact that one's personal identity terminates with the death of one's brain. But a more satisfactory ontological approach analyzes brain death in terms of the existence of a person in connection with a body, not personal identity. The personal-existence justification does not supplant the usual biological (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. A. Browne (1983). Whole-Brain Death Reconsidered. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (1):28-44.
    The author, a philosopher, suggests that the concept of death should be left as it is 'in its present indeterminate state', and that we ought to reject attempts to define death in terms of whole-brain death or any other type of brain death, including cerebral death and 'irreversible coma'. Instead of 'fiddling with the definition of death' clear rules should be established specifying 'what can be appropriately done to whom when'.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. E. C. Brugger (2013). D. Alan Shewmon and the PCBE's White Paper on Brain Death: Are Brain-Dead Patients Dead? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):205-218.
    The December 2008 White Paper (WP) on “Brain Death” published by the President’s Council on Bioethics (PCBE) reaffirmed its support for the traditional neurological criteria for human death. It spends considerable time explaining and critiquing what it takes to be the most challenging recent argument opposing the neurological criteria formulated by D. Alan Shewmon, a leading critic of the “whole brain death” standard. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate and critique the PCBE’s argument. The essay begins with a (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (11 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Russell Burck, Lisa Anderson-Shaw, Mark Sheldon & Erin A. Egan (2006). The Clinical Response to Brain Death. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 8 (2):53-59.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. E. Byrne (forthcoming). The Medical Determination of Brain Death. Proceedings of the 1984 Conference on Bioethics, Melbourne.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Courtney S. Campbell (2004). Harvesting the Living?: Separating Brain Death and Organ Transplantation. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):301-318.
    : The chronic shortage of transplantable organs has reached critical proportions. In the wake of this crisis, some bioethicists have argued there is sufficient public support to expand organ recovery through use of neocortical criteria of death or even pre-mortem organ retrieval. I present a typology of ways in which data gathered from the public can be misread or selectively used by bioethicists in service of an ideological or policy agenda, resulting in bad policy and bad ethics. Such risks should (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Courtney S. Campbell (2001). A No-Brainer: Criticisms of Brain-Based Standards of Death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):539 – 551.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Alexander Morgan Capron (forthcoming). Death, Definition and Determination Of: II. Legal Issues in Pronouncing Death. Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Hastings Center (2009). Brain Death: Can It Be Resuccitated? Asian Bioethics Review 1 (1).
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Frank A. Chervenak & Laurence B. McCullough (1993). Clinical Management of Brain Death During Pregnancy. Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (4):349.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Winston Chiong (2005). Brain Death Without Definitions. Hastings Center Report 35 (6):20-30.
    : Most of the world now accepts the idea, first proposed four decades ago, that death means "brain death." But the idea has always been open to criticism because it doesn't square with all of our intuitions about death. In fact, none of the possible definitions of death quite works. Death, perhaps surprisingly, eludes definition, and "brain death" can be accepted only as a refinement of what is in fact a fuzzy concept.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Eun-Kyoung Choi, Valita Fredland, Carla Zachodni, J. Eugene Lammers, Patricia Bledsoe & Paul R. Helft (2008). Brain Death Revisited: The Case for a National Standard. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):824-836.
    The concept of brain death — first defined decades ago — still presents medical, ethical, and legal challenges despite its widespread acceptance in clinical practice and in law. This article reviews the medicine, law, and ethics of brain death, including the current inconsistencies in brain death determinations, which a lack of standardized federal policy promotes, and argues that a standard brain death policy to be used by all hospitals in all states should be created.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Michelle J. Clarke, Megan S. Remtema & Keith M. Swetz (2014). Beyond Transplantation: Considering Brain Death as a Hard Clinical Endpoint. American Journal of Bioethics 14 (8):43-45.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Patrick Coffey (1989). Death, Brain Death and Ethics. By David Lamb. Modern Schoolman 66 (4):315-316.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Mike Collins (2010). Reevaluating the Dead Donor Rule. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (2):1-26.
    The dead donor rule justifies current practice in organ procurement for transplantation and states that organ donors must be dead prior to donation. The majority of organ donors are diagnosed as having suffered brain death and hence are declared dead by neurological criteria. However, a significant amount of unrest in both the philosophical and the medical literature has surfaced since this practice began forty years ago. I argue that, first, declaring death by neurological criteria is both unreliable and unjustified but (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (10 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Mike Collins (2009). Consent for Organ Retrieval Cannot Be Presumed. HEC Forum 21 (1):71-106.
  36. Irreversible Coma (1978). A Report of the Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School to Examine the Definition of Brain Death. In John E. Thomas (ed.), Matters of Life and Death: Crises in Bio-Medical Ethics. S. Stevens. 67.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. R. J. Connelly (1982). Reform of Brain Death Legislation. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 56:154-161.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Ronald E. Cranford (1995). Criteria for Death. Encyclopedia of Bioethics 2:602-8.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara Killpatrick (1981). Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan. Bioethics Quarterly 3:67-72.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Ronald E. Cranford & Barbara K. Patrick (1981). Confirmatory Tests in the Diagnosis of Brain Death: The Role of the Radioisotope Brain Scan. [REVIEW] Bioethics Quarterly 3 (2):67-72.
    In recent years physicians have used a variety of laboratory studies as confirmatory tests in the diagnosis of brain death. The most widely used test has been the EEG. However, with the development of newer technologies capable of measuring other parameters of brain functions, other laboratory studies are playing an increasingly important role in confirming brain death. In this article, we discuss the role of one of these newer tests, the radioactive brain scan, and compare its advantages and limitations with (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Megan Crowley-Matoka & Robert M. Arnold (2004). The Dead Donor Rule: How Much Does the Public Care ... And How Much Should. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):319-332.
    : In this brief commentary, we reflect on the recent study by Siminoff, Burant, and Youngner of public attitudes toward "brain death" and organ donation, focusing on the implications of their findings for the rules governing from whom organs can be obtained. Although the data suggest that many seem to view "brain death" as "as good as dead" rather than "dead" (calling the dead donor rule into question), we find that the study most clearly demonstrates that understanding an individual's definition (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. T. Forcht Dagi (1992). Commentary on" How Much of the Brain Must Die in Brain Death. Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (1):27.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. T. Forcht Dagi & Rebecca Kaufman (2001). Clarifying the Discussion on Brain Death. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):503 – 525.
    Definitions of death are based on subjective standards, priorities, and social conventions rather than on objective facts about the state of human physiology. It is the meaning assigned to the facts that determines whensomeone may be deemed to have died, not the facts themselves. Even though subjective standards for the diagnosis of death show remarkable consistency across communities, they are extrinsic. They are driven, implicitly or explicitly, by ideas about what benefits the community rather than what benefits the indidvidual. The (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. David DeGrazia (forthcoming). The Definition of Death. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Jürgen in der Schmitten (2002). Organtransplantation Ohne „Hirntod”-Konzept? Ethik in der Medizin 14 (2):60-70.
    Definition of the problem:Truog’s critique of the ”brain death” concept outlines inconsistencies well understood in the U.S. ethical debate, while he is one of the first to suggest returning to the traditional, coherent concept of death, thus breaking with the ”dead-donorrule.” The German transplantation law of 1996 endorses equating ”brain death” with death. A defeated draft, however, had acknowledged that irreversible total brain failure is a death-near state with a zero prognosis; organ harvesting, then, was to be allowed only in (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Raymond J. Devettere (1990). Neocortical Death and Human Death. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (1-2):96-104.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. Marcia Sue DeWolf Bosek (2007). Refusal of Brain Death Diagnosis. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 9 (3):87.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Eugene F. Diamond (2007). John Paul II and Brain Death. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (3):491-498.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Jocelyn Downie (1990). Brain Death and Brain Life: Rethinking the Connection. Bioethics 4 (3):216–226.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. D. John Doyle (2011). Life, Death and Brain Death: A Critical Examination. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (1):11-31.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 203