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  1. added 2014-09-05
    Rene Von Schomberg (ed.) (2011). Towards Responsible Research and Innovation in the Information and Communication Technologies and Security Technologies Fields. Publications Office of the European Union.
  2. added 2014-09-05
    Christophe Guibal & Birgitta Dresp (2004). Interaction of Color and Geometric Cues in Depth Perception: When Does Red Mean "Near&Quot;? Psychological Research 69:30-40.
    Luminance and color are strong and self-sufficient cues to pictorial depth in visual scenes and images. The present study investigates the conditions Under which luminance or color either strengthens or overrides geometric depth cues. We investigated how luminance contrasts associated with color contrast interact with relative height in the visual field, partial occlusion, and interposition in determining the probability that a given figure is perceived as ‘‘nearer’’ than another. Latencies of ‘‘near’’ responses were analyzed to test for effects of attentional (...)
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  3. added 2014-09-05
    Birgitta Dresp, Severine Durand & Stephen Grossberg (2002). Depth Perception From Pairs of Overlapping Cues in Pictorial Displays. Spatial Visions 15:255-276.
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  4. added 2014-09-05
    Birgitta Dresp (1997). On Illusory Contours and Their Fucntional Significance. Current Psychology of Cognition 16:489-518.
    This article discusses the reasons why illusory contours are likely to result from adaptive perceptual mechanisms that have evolved across species to promote behavioral success.
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  5. added 2014-09-05
    Lothar Spillmann & Birgitta Dresp (1995). Phenomena of Illusory Form: Can We Bridge the Gap Between Levels of Explanation? Perception 24:1333-1364.
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  6. added 2014-09-05
    Birgitta Dresp & Claude Bonnet (1993). Psychophysical Measures of Illusory Form: Further Evidence for Local Mechanisms. Vision Research 33:759-766.
    Detection thresholds for a small light spot were measured at various distances from the colinear inucer edges of white inducing elements on a dark background. The data show that thresholds are elevated when the target is located close to one or more inducing element(s). Threshold elevations diminish with increasing distance of the target from colinear edges and decreasing surface size of the inducing elements. gradients show the same tendencies. Tbe present observations add empirical support to the idea that illusory figures (...)
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  7. added 2014-09-05
    Birgitta Dresp & Claude Bonnet (1991). Psychophysical Evidence for Low-Level Processing of Illusory Contours and Surfaces in the Kanizsa Square. Vision Research 31:1813-1817.
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  8. added 2014-09-05
    Birgitta Dresp & Jean Lorenceau (1990). Apparent Brightness Enhancement in the Kanizsa Square with and Without Illusory Contours. Perception 19:483-489.
    The perceived strength of darkness enhancement in the centre of surfaces surrounded or not surrounded by illusory contours was investigated as a function of proximity of the constituent elements of the display and their angular size. Magnitude estimation was used to measure the perception of the darkness phenomenon in white-on-grey stimuli. Darkness enhancement was perceived in both types of the stimuli used, but more strongly in the presence of illusory contours. In both cases, perceived darkness enhancement increased with increasing proximity (...)
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  9. added 2014-09-04
    Richard Moore, Bettina Mueller, Juliane Kaminski & Michael Tomasello (forthcoming). Two-Year-Olds but Not Domestic Dogs (Canis Familiaris) Understand Communicative Intentions Without Language, Gestures, or Gaze. Developmental Science.
    Infants can see someone pointing to one of two buckets and infer that the toy they are seeking is hidden inside. Great apes do not succeed in this task, but, surprisingly, domestic dogs do. However, whether children and dogs understand these communicative acts in the same way is not yet known. To test this possibility, an experimenter did not point, look, or extend any part of her body towards either bucket, but instead lifted and shook one via a centrally pulled (...)
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  10. added 2014-08-20
    S. Orestis Palermos (2014). Loops, Constitution and Cognitive Extension. Cognitive Systems Research 27:25-41.
    The ‘causal-constitution’ fallacy, the ‘cognitive bloat’ worry, and the persisting theoretical confusion about the fundamental difference between the hypotheses of embedded (HEMC) and extended (HEC) cognition are three interrelated worries, whose common point—and the problem they accentuate—is the lack of a principled criterion of constitution. Attempting to address the ‘causal-constitution’ fallacy, mathematically oriented philosophers of mind have previously suggested that the presence of non-linear relations between the inner and the outer contributions is sufficient for cognitive extension. The abstract idea of (...)
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  11. added 2014-07-09
    Sylvia Wenmackers, Danny E. P. Vanpoucke & Igor Douven (2014). Rationality: A Social-Epistemology Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (581).
    Both in philosophy and in psychology, human rationality has traditionally been studied from an “individualistic” perspective. Recently, social epistemologists have drawn attention to the fact that epistemic interactions among agents also give rise to important questions concerning rationality. In previous work, we have used a formal model to assess the risk that a particular type of social-epistemic interactions lead agents with initially consistent belief states into inconsistent belief states. Here, we continue this work by investigating the dynamics to which these (...)
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  12. added 2014-07-01
    John Sutton (2014). The Collaborative Emergence of Group Cognition: Commentary on Paul E. Smaldino, “The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):277-78.
    We extend Smaldino’s approach to collaboration and social organization in cultural evolution to include cognition. By showing how recent work on emergent group-level cognition can be incorporated within Smaldino’s framework, we extend that framework’s scope to encompass collaborative memory, decision-making, and intelligent action. We argue that beneficial effects arise only in certain forms of cognitive interdependence, in surprisingly fragile conditions.
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  13. added 2014-06-28
    John Stewart (2014). An Enquiry Concerning the Nature of Conceptual Categories: A Case-Study on the Social Dimension of Human Cognition. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  14. added 2014-06-28
    Arnaud Boutin, Yannick Blandin, Cristina Massen, Herbert Heuer & Arnaud Badets (2014). Conscious Awareness of Action Potentiates Sensorimotor Learning. Cognition 133 (1):1-9.
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  15. added 2014-06-28
    Manuel C. Voelkle, Natalie C. Ebner, Ulman Lindenberger & Michaela Riediger (2014). A Note on Age Differences in Mood-Congruent Vs. Mood-Incongruent Emotion Processing in Faces. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  16. added 2014-06-28
    Stefano Anzellotti & Alfonso Caramazza (2014). The Neural Mechanisms for the Recognition of Face Identity in Humans. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  17. added 2014-06-28
    Bruno Gingras (2014). Individuality in Music Performance: Introduction to the Research Topic. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  18. added 2014-06-28
    James White & Megha Sundara (2014). Biased Generalization of Newly Learned Phonological Alternations by 12-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 133 (1):85-90.
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  19. added 2014-06-28
    Jorie Koster-Hale, Marina Bedny & Rebecca Saxe (2014). Thinking About Seeing: Perceptual Sources of Knowledge Are Encoded in the Theory of Mind Brain Regions of Sighted and Blind Adults. Cognition 133 (1):65-78.
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  20. added 2014-06-28
    J. Charles Millar, John Turri & Ori Friedman (2014). For the Greater Goods? Ownership Rights and Utilitarian Moral Judgment. Cognition 133 (1):79-84.
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  21. added 2014-06-28
    Stefan Walter & Beat Meier (2014). How Important is Importance for Prospective Memory? A Review. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  22. added 2014-06-27
    Edward B. Royzman, Justin F. Landy & Robert F. Leeman (2014). Are Thoughtful People More Utilitarian? CRT as a Unique Predictor of Moral Minimalism in the Dilemmatic Context. Cognitive Science 38 (7).
    Recent theorizing about the cognitive underpinnings of dilemmatic moral judgment has equated slow, deliberative thinking with the utilitarian disposition and fast, automatic thinking with the deontological disposition. However, evidence for the reflective utilitarian hypothesis—the hypothesized link between utilitarian judgment and individual differences in the capacity for rational reflection (gauged here by the Cognitive Reflection Test [CRT; Frederick, ]) has been inconsistent and difficult to interpret in light of several design flaws. In two studies aimed at addressing some of the flaws, (...)
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  23. added 2014-06-27
    Casey O'Callaghan (2013). Hearing, Philosophical Perspectives. In H. Pashler (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Mind. SAGE. 388-390.
    Hearing and auditory perception are rapidly developing topics in the philosophy of perception. Recent work has focused on characterizing what we hear and on similarities and differences between audition and other modalities. Future work should address how theorizing about audition impacts theorizing about perception more generally. This entry concerns questions about the objects and contents of hearing. It includes discussion of the spatial content of audition, of the role of time and pitch in the individuation of auditory objects, and of (...)
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  24. added 2014-06-27
    Ulf Hlobil, Chaturbhuj Rathore, Aley Alexander, Sankara Sarma & Kurupath Radhakrishnan (2008). Impaired Facial Emotion Recognition in Patients with Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Associated with Hippocampal Sclerosis (MTLE-HS): Side and Age at Onset Matters. Epilepsy Research 80 (2-3):150–157.
    To define the determinants of impaired facial emotion recognition (FER) in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS), we examined 76 patients with unilateral MTLE-HS, 36 prior to antero-mesial temporal lobectomy (AMTL) and 40 after AMTL, and 28 healthy control subjects with a FER test consisting of 60 items (20 each for anger, fear, and happiness). Mean percentages of the accurate responses were calculated for different subgroups: right vs. left MTLE-HS, early (age at onset <6 years) (...)
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  25. added 2014-06-26
    Paul D. Siakaluk, Nathan Knol & Penny M. Pexman (2014). Effects of Emotional Experience for Abstract Words in the Stroop Task. Cognitive Science 38 (7).
    In this study, we examined the effects of emotional experience, a relatively new dimension of emotional knowledge that gauges the ease with which words evoke emotional experience, on abstract word processing in the Stroop task. In order to test the context-dependency of these effects, we accentuated the saliency of this dimension in Experiment 1A by blocking the stimuli such that one block consisted of the stimuli with the highest emotional experience ratings and the other block consisted of the stimuli with (...)
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  26. added 2014-06-25
    Darrell A. Worthy, Kaileigh A. Byrne & Sherecce Fields (2014). Effects of Emotion on Prospection During Decision-Making. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  27. added 2014-06-25
    Gavin W. Jenkins, Larissa K. Samuelson, Jodi R. Smith & John P. Spencer (2014). Non‐Bayesian Noun Generalization in 3‐ to 5‐Year‐Old Children: Probing the Role of Prior Knowledge in the Suspicious Coincidence Effect. [REVIEW] Cognitive Science 38 (7).
    It is unclear how children learn labels for multiple overlapping categories such as “Labrador,” “dog,” and “animal.” Xu and Tenenbaum () suggested that learners infer correct meanings with the help of Bayesian inference. They instantiated these claims in a Bayesian model, which they tested with preschoolers and adults. Here, we report data testing a developmental prediction of the Bayesian model—that more knowledge should lead to narrower category inferences when presented with multiple subordinate exemplars. Two experiments did not support this prediction. (...)
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  28. added 2014-06-25
    Saleh Moradi, Ali A. Nima, Max Rapp Ricciardi, Trevor Archer & Danilo Garcia (2014). Exercise, Character Strengths, Well-Being, and Learning Climate in the Prediction of Performance Over a 6-Month Period at a Call Center. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  29. added 2014-06-25
    Thomas V. Pollet (2014). A Re-Analysis of the Relationship Between €Œparasite Stress” and Authoritarianism. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  30. added 2014-06-25
    Renee Timmers, Satoshi Endo, Adrian Bradbury & Alan M. Wing (2014). Synchronization and Leadership in String Quartet Performance: A Case Study of Auditory and Visual Cues. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  31. added 2014-06-24
    Stan Klein (forthcoming). What Memory Is. WIREs Cognitive Science.
    I argue that our current practice of ascribing the term “memory” to mental states and processes lacks epistemic warrant. Memory, according to the “received view”, is any state or process that results from the sequential stages of encoding, storage and retrieval. By these criteria, memory, or its footprint, can be seen in virtually every mental state we are capable of having. This, I argue, stretches the term to the breaking point. I draw on phenomenological, historical and conceptual considerations to make (...)
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  32. added 2014-06-22
    Lee C. White, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jerome R. Busemeyer (2014). Sometimes It Does Hurt to Ask: The Constructive Role of Articulating Impressions. Cognition 133 (1):48-64.
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  33. added 2014-06-22
    Andrea Antal, Géza Gergely Ambrus & Leila Chaieb (2014). Toward Unraveling Reading–Related Modulations of tDCS–Induced Neuroplasticity in the Human Visual Cortex. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  34. added 2014-06-22
    Kim De Roover, Marieke E. Timmerman, Jozefien De Leersnyder, Batja Mesquita & Eva Ceulemans (2014). What's Hampering Measurement Invariance: Detecting Non-Invariant Items Using Clusterwise Simultaneous Component Analysis. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  35. added 2014-06-22
    Anuenue Kukona, Gerry T. M. Altmann & Yuki Kamide (2014). Knowing What, Where, and When: Event Comprehension in Language Processing. Cognition 133 (1):25-31.
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  36. added 2014-06-22
    Matthias Mittner, Jörg Behrendt, Uwe Menge, Cora Titz & Marcus Hasselhorn (2014). Response-Retrieval in Identity Negative Priming is Modulated by Temporal Discriminability. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  37. added 2014-06-22
    Philippe Rochat, Erin Robbins, Claudia Passos-Ferreira, Angela Donato Oliva, Maria D. G. Dias & Liping Guo (2014). Ownership Reasoning in Children Across Cultures. Cognition 132 (3):471-484.
    To what extent do early intuitions about ownership depend on cultural and socio-economic circumstances? We investigated the question by testing reasoning about third party ownership conflicts in various groups of three- and five-year-old children (N = 176), growing up in seven highly contrasted social, economic, and cultural circumstances (urban rich, poor, very poor, rural poor, and traditional) spanning three continents. Each child was presented with a series of scripts involving two identical dolls fighting over an object of possession. The child (...)
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  38. added 2014-06-22
    Timothy N. Welsh, Laura McDougall & Stephanie Paulson (2014). The Personification of Animals: Coding of Human and Nonhuman Body Parts Based on Posture and Function. Cognition 132 (3):398-415.
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  39. added 2014-06-22
    Ralf Mayrhofer & Michael R. Waldmann (2014). Indicators of Causal Agency in Physical Interactions: The Role of the Prior Context. Cognition 132 (3):485-490.
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  40. added 2014-06-22
    Manuel Perea, Reem Abu Mallouh & Manuel Carreiras (2014). Are Root Letters Compulsory for Lexical Access in Semitic Languages? The Case of Masked Form-Priming in Arabic. Cognition 132 (3):491-500.
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  41. added 2014-06-22
    Jon A. Willits, Mark S. Seidenberg & Jenny R. Saffran (2014). Distributional Structure in Language: Contributions to Noun–Verb Difficulty Differences in Infant Word Recognition. Cognition 132 (3):429-436.
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  42. added 2014-06-22
    Yvette N. Lamb, John M. D. Thompson, Rinki Murphy, Clare Wall, Ian J. Kirk, Angharad R. Morgan, Lynnette R. Ferguson, Edwin A. Mitchell & Karen E. Waldie (2014). Perceived Stress During Pregnancy and the Catechol-O-Methyltransferase (COMT) Rs165599 Polymorphism Impacts on Childhood IQ. Cognition 132 (3):461-470.
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  43. added 2014-06-22
    Brenda L. Connors, Richard Rende & Timothy J. Colton (2014). Inter-Rater Reliability for Movement Pattern Analysis (MPA): Measuring Patterning of Behaviors Versus Discrete Behavior Counts as Indicators of Decision-Making Style. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  44. added 2014-06-22
    Grayden J. F. Solman & Alan Kingstone (2014). Balancing Energetic and Cognitive Resources: Memory Use During Search Depends on the Orienting Effector. Cognition 132 (3):443-454.
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  45. added 2014-06-22
    Sam Willems, Leia Vrancken, Filip Germeys & Karl Verfaillie (2014). Holistic Processing of Human Body Postures: Evidence From the Composite Effect. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  46. added 2014-06-22
    Raoul Bell, Cécile Schain & Gerald Echterhoff (2014). How Selfish is Memory for Cheaters? Evidence for Moral and Egoistic Biases. Cognition 132 (3):437-442.
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  47. added 2014-06-22
    Philip J. James, Saloni Krishnan & Jennifer Aydelott (2014). Working Memory Predicts Semantic Comprehension in Dichotic Listening in Older Adults. Cognition 133 (1):32-42.
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  48. added 2014-06-22
    Maurício Dias Martins, Sabine Laaha, Eva Maria Freiberger, Soonja Choi & W. Tecumseh Fitch (2014). How Children Perceive Fractals: Hierarchical Self-Similarity and Cognitive Development. Cognition 133 (1):10-24.
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  49. added 2014-06-22
    David G. Pearson, Keira Ball & Daniel T. Smith (2014). Oculomotor Preparation as a Rehearsal Mechanism in Spatial Working Memory. Cognition 132 (3):416-428.
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  50. added 2014-06-22
    Dana Schneider, Zoie E. Nott & Paul E. Dux (2014). Task Instructions and Implicit Theory of Mind. Cognition 133 (1):43-47.
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