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  1. added 2014-11-26
    Stan Klein, Autonoetic Awareness: Re-Considering the Role of Episodic Memory in Future-Oriented Self-Projection.
    Following the seminal work of Ingvar (1985), Suddendorf (1994) and Tulving (1985), exploration of the ability to anticipate and prepare for future contingencies that cannot be known with certainty has grown into a thriving research enterprise. A fundamental tenet of this line of inquiry is that future-oriented mental time travel, in most of its presentations, is underwritten by a property or an extension of episodic recollection. However, a careful conceptual analysis of exactly how episodic memory functions in this capacity has (...)
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  2. added 2014-11-26
    Richard A. Hullinger, John K. Kruschke & Peter M. Todd (2014). An Evolutionary Analysis of Learned Attention. Cognitive Science 38 (8):n/a-n/a.
    Humans and many other species selectively attend to stimuli or stimulus dimensions—but why should an animal constrain information input in this way? To investigate the adaptive functions of attention, we used a genetic algorithm to evolve simple connectionist networks that had to make categorization decisions in a variety of environmental structures. The results of these simulations show that while learned attention is not universally adaptive, its benefit is not restricted to the reduction of input complexity in order to keep it (...)
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  3. added 2014-11-25
    Giosuè Baggio, Michiel Lambalgen & Peter Hagoort (2014). Logic as Marr's Computational Level: Four Case Studies. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):n/a-n/a.
    We sketch four applications of Marr's levels-of-analysis methodology to the relations between logic and experimental data in the cognitive neuroscience of language and reasoning. The first part of the paper illustrates the explanatory power of computational level theories based on logic. We show that a Bayesian treatment of the suppression task in reasoning with conditionals is ruled out by EEG data, supporting instead an analysis based on defeasible logic. Further, we describe how results from an EEG study on temporal prepositions (...)
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  4. added 2014-11-25
    Connie Vos (2014). The Kata Kolok Pointing System: Morphemization and Syntactic Integration. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4).
    Signed utterances are densely packed with pointing signs, reaching a frequency of one in six signs in spontaneous conversations (de Vos, 2012; Johnston, 2013a; Morford & MacFarlane, 2003). These pointing signs attain a wide range of functions and are formally highly diversified. Based on corpus analysis of spontaneous pointing signs in Kata Kolok, a rural signing variety of Bali, this paper argues that the full meaning potentials of pointing signs come about through the integration of a varied set of linguistic (...)
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  5. added 2014-11-25
    Stan Klein & Cynthia Gangi (2010). The Multiplicity of Self: Neuropsychological Evidence and its Implications for the Self as a Construct in Psychological Research. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191:1-15.
    This paper examines the issue ofwhat the self is by reviewing neuropsychological research,which converges on the idea that the selfmay be more complex and differentiated than previous treatments of the topic have suggested. Although some aspects of self-knowledge such as episodic recollection may be compromised in individuals, other aspects—for instance, semantic trait summaries—appear largely intact. Taken together, these findings support the idea that the self is not a single, unified entity. Rather, it is a set of interrelated, functionally independent systems. (...)
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  6. added 2014-11-23
    Jakob Hohwy (forthcoming). Prediction Error Minimization, Mental and Developmental Disorder, and Statistical Theories of Consciousness. In Rocco Gennaro (ed.), Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. MIT Press.
    This chapter seeks to recover an approach to consciousness from a general theory of brain function, namely the prediction error minimization theory. The way this theory applies to mental and developmental disorder demonstrates its relevance to consciousness. The resulting view is discussed in relation to a contemporary theory of consciousness, namely the idea that conscious perception depends on Bayesian metacognition; this theory is also supported by considerations of psychopathology. This Bayesian theory is first disconnected from the higher-order thought theory, and (...)
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  7. added 2014-11-22
    Steven A. Sloman (forthcoming). Opening Editorial: The Changing Face of Cognition. Cognition.
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  8. added 2014-11-22
    Ludger van Dijk, Rob Withagen & Raoul M. Bongers (2015). Information Without Content: A Gibsonian Reply to Enactivists' Worries. Cognition 134:210-214.
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  9. added 2014-11-22
    Casey E. Pitts, Kristine H. Onishi & Athena Vouloumanos (2015). Who Can Communicate with Whom? Language Experience Affects Infants' Evaluation of Others as Monolingual or Multilingual. Cognition 134:185-192.
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  10. added 2014-11-22
    Asheley R. Landrum & Candice M. Mills (2015). Developing Expectations Regarding the Boundaries of Expertise. Cognition 134:215-231.
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  11. added 2014-11-22
    Annie Pye & Patricia E. G. Bestelmeyer (2015). Evidence for a Supra-Modal Representation of Emotion From Cross-Modal Adaptation. Cognition 134:245-251.
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  12. added 2014-11-22
    Sho Tsuji, Reiko Mazuka, Alejandrina Cristia & Paula Fikkert (2015). Even at 4 Months, a Labial is a Good Enough Coronal, but Not Vice Versa. Cognition 134:252-256.
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  13. added 2014-11-22
    John R. Iversen, Aniruddh D. Patel, Brenda Nicodemus & Karen Emmorey (2015). Synchronization to Auditory and Visual Rhythms in Hearing and Deaf Individuals. Cognition 134:232-244.
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  14. added 2014-11-22
    Guy Kahane, Jim A. C. Everett, Brian D. Earp, Miguel Farias & Julian Savulescu (2015). 'Utilitarian' Judgments in Sacrificial Moral Dilemmas Do Not Reflect Impartial Concern for the Greater Good. Cognition 134:193-209.
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  15. added 2014-11-22
    Christine E. Shea (2014). Second Language Learners and the Variable Speech Signal. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  16. added 2014-11-22
    Claudia Cormio, Francesca Romito, Giovanna Viscanti, Marina Turaccio, Vito Lorusso & Vittorio Mattioli (2014). Psychological Well-Being and Posttraumatic Growth in Caregivers of Cancer Patients. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  17. added 2014-11-22
    Martin H. Fischer & Matthias Hartmann (2014). Pushing Forward in Embodied Cognition: May We Mouse the Mathematical Mind? Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  18. added 2014-11-22
    Yang Liu, Shu Li & Yan Sun (2014). Unpacking a Time Interval Lengthens its Perceived Temporal Distance. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19. added 2014-11-22
    Eliot Hazeltine & J. Toby Mordkoff (2014). Resolved but Not Forgotten: Stroop Conflict Dredges Up the Past. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  20. added 2014-11-22
    Kuan-Hua Chen, Nazan Aksan, Steven W. Anderson, Amanda Grafft & Mark W. Chapleau (2014). Habituation of Parasympathetic-Mediated Heart Rate Responses to Recurring Acoustic Startle. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  21. added 2014-11-22
    Stefan Pfattheicher & Claudia Sassenrath (2014). A Regulatory Focus Perspective on Eating Behavior: How Prevention and Promotion Focus Relates to Emotional, External, and Restrained Eating. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  22. added 2014-11-22
    Stan Klein, Leda Cosmides, John Tooby & Sarah Chance (2002). Decisions and the Evolution of Memory: Multiple Systems, Multiple Functions. Psychological Review 109:306-329.
    Memory evolved to supply useful, timely information to the organism’s decision-making systems. Therefore, decision rules, multiple memory systems, and the search engines that link them should have coevolved to mesh in a coadapted, functionally interlocking way. This adaptationist perspective suggested the scope hypothesis: When a generalization is retrieved from semantic memory, episodic memories that are inconsistent with it should be retrieved in tandem to place boundary conditions on the scope of the generalization. Using a priming paradigm and a decision task (...)
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  23. added 2014-11-20
    Carol Padden, So‐One Hwang, Ryan Lepic & Sharon Seegers (2014). Tools for Language: Patterned Iconicity in Sign Language Nouns and Verbs. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4).
    When naming certain hand-held, man-made tools, American Sign Language (ASL) signers exhibit either of two iconic strategies: a handling strategy, where the hands show holding or grasping an imagined object in action, or an instrument strategy, where the hands represent the shape or a dimension of the object in a typical action. The same strategies are also observed in the gestures of hearing nonsigners identifying pictures of the same set of tools. In this paper, we compare spontaneously created gestures from (...)
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  24. added 2014-11-19
    Kevin Reuter, Lara Kirfel, Raphael Van Riel & Luca Barlassina (2014). The Good, the Bad, and the Timely: How Temporal Order and Moral Judgment Influence Causal Selection. Frontiers in Psychology 5:1-10.
    Causal selection is the cognitive process through which one or more elements in a complex causal structure are singled out as actual causes of a certain effect. In this paper, we report on an experiment in which we investigated the role of moral and temporal factors in causal selection. Our results are as follows. First, when presented with a temporal chain in which two human agents perform the same action one after the other, subjects tend to judge the later agent (...)
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  25. added 2014-11-18
    Wookyoung Jung & John E. Hummel (2014). Making Probabilistic Relational Categories Learnable. Cognitive Science 38 (8).
    Theories of relational concept acquisition (e.g., schema induction) based on structured intersection discovery predict that relational concepts with a probabilistic (i.e., family resemblance) structure ought to be extremely difficult to learn. We report four experiments testing this prediction by investigating conditions hypothesized to facilitate the learning of such categories. Experiment 1 showed that changing the task from a category-learning task to choosing the “winning” object in each stimulus greatly facilitated participants' ability to learn probabilistic relational categories. Experiments 2 and 3 (...)
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  26. added 2014-11-13
    Michael Andres, Chiara Finocchiaro, Marco Buiatti & Manuela Piazza (2015). Contribution of Motor Representations to Action Verb Processing. Cognition 134:174-184.
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  27. added 2014-11-08
    Kostas Kampourakis (2014). The Need for Interdisciplinary Dialog in Evolution Education: A Comment on the Responses by Ware & Gelman and Shtulman. Cognitive Science 38 (8):n/a-n/a.
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  28. added 2014-11-07
    Rémi Radel, Karen Davranche, Marion Fournier & Arne Dietrich (2015). The Role of (Dis)Inhibition in Creativity: Decreased Inhibition Improves Idea Generation. Cognition 134:110-120.
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  29. added 2014-11-07
    Wendy P. Jung, Björn A. Kahrs & Jeffrey J. Lockman (2015). Manual Action, Fitting, and Spatial Planning: Relating Objects by Young Children. Cognition 134:128-139.
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  30. added 2014-11-07
    Efthymia C. Kapnoula, Stephanie Packard, Prahlad Gupta & Bob McMurray (2015). Immediate Lexical Integration of Novel Word Forms. Cognition 134:85-99.
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  31. added 2014-11-07
    Bolivar Reyes-Jaquez & Catharine H. Echols (2015). Playing by the Rules: Self-Interest Information Influences Children's Trust and Trustworthiness in the Absence of Feedback. Cognition 134:140-154.
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  32. added 2014-11-07
    Serge Caparos, Simon Fortier-St-Pierre, Jérémie Gosselin, Isabelle Blanchette & Benoit Brisson (2015). The Tree to the Left, the Forest to the Right: Political Attitude and Perceptual Bias. Cognition 134:155-164.
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  33. added 2014-11-07
    Heiko Reuss, Andrea Kiesel & Wilfried Kunde (2015). Adjustments of Response Speed and Accuracy to Unconscious Cues. Cognition 134:57-62.
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  34. added 2014-11-07
    Gil Diesendruck & Reut Perez (2015). Toys Are Me: Children's Extension of Self to Objects. Cognition 134:11-20.
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  35. added 2014-11-07
    Katherine McAuliffe, Jillian J. Jordan & Felix Warneken (2015). Costly Third-Party Punishment in Young Children. Cognition 134:1-10.
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  36. added 2014-11-07
    Alexander F. Schmidt & Lisa M. Kistemaker (2015). The Sexualized-Body-Inversion Hypothesis Revisited: Valid Indicator of Sexual Objectification or Methodological Artifact? Cognition 134:77-84.
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  37. added 2014-11-07
    C. Fini, M. Brass & G. Committeri (2015). Social Scaling of Extrapersonal Space: Target Objects Are Judged as Closer When the Reference Frame is a Human Agent with Available Movement Potentialities. Cognition 134:50-56.
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  38. added 2014-11-07
    Marjaana Lindeman, Annika M. Svedholm-Häkkinen & Jari Lipsanen (2015). Ontological Confusions but Not Mentalizing Abilities Predict Religious Belief, Paranormal Belief, and Belief in Supernatural Purpose. Cognition 134:63-76.
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  39. added 2014-11-07
    Mariagrazia Capizzi, Ángel Correa, Alex Wojtowicz & Robert D. Rafal (2015). Foreperiod Priming in Temporal Preparation: Testing Current Models of Sequential Effects. Cognition 134:39-49.
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  40. added 2014-11-07
    Aaron A. Duke & Laurent Bègue (2015). The Drunk Utilitarian: Blood Alcohol Concentration Predicts Utilitarian Responses in Moral Dilemmas. Cognition 134:121-127.
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  41. added 2014-11-07
    William S. Helton & Paul N. Russell (2015). Rest is Best: The Role of Rest and Task Interruptions on Vigilance. Cognition 134:165-173.
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  42. added 2014-11-07
    Asher Koriat & Hila Sorka (2015). The Construction of Categorization Judgments: Using Subjective Confidence and Response Latency to Test a Distributed Model. Cognition 134:21-38.
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  43. added 2014-11-07
    Aki Myllyneva & Jari K. Hietanen (2015). There is More to Eye Contact Than Meets the Eye. Cognition 134:100-109.
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  44. added 2014-11-07
    Máximo Trench & Ricardo A. Minervino (2014). The Role of Surface Similarity in Analogical Retrieval: Bridging the Gap Between the Naturalistic and the Experimental Traditions. Cognitive Science 38 (8):n/a-n/a.
    Blanchette and Dunbar (2000) have claimed that when participants are allowed to draw on their own source analogs in the service of analogical argumentation, retrieval is less constrained by surface similarity than traditional experiments suggest. In two studies, we adapted this production paradigm to control for the potentially distorting effects of analogy fabrication and uneven availability of close and distant sources in memory. Experiment 1 assessed whether participants were reminded of central episodes from popular movies while generating analogies for superficially (...)
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  45. added 2014-11-07
    Kostas Kampourakis (2014). Distorting the History of Evolutionary Thought in Conceptual Development Research. Cognitive Science 38 (8):n/a-n/a.
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  46. added 2014-11-07
    Andrew Shtulman (2014). What Is More Informative in the History of Science, the Signal or the Noise? Cognitive Science 38 (8).
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  47. added 2014-11-07
    Elizabeth A. Ware & Susan A. Gelman (2014). The Importance of Clarifying Evolutionary Terminology Across Disciplines and in the Classroom: A Reply to Kampourakis. Cognitive Science 38 (8):n/a-n/a.
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  48. added 2014-11-06
    Przemysław Nowakowski & Tomasz Komendziński (2014). Cognition as Shaking Hands with the World. Introduction. Avant (2):11-16.
    One of the most common questions in today’s cognitive studies is the one regarding embodied cognition. The answer to this question draws our attention to many factors, including bodily actions, which also work to embody cognition. With this in mind, enactivism is included in discussions of embodiment.
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  49. added 2014-11-06
    Paweł Gładziejewski (2014). Mindvaults. A Book Review. Avant (2):183-186.
    A book review of 'Mindvaults. Sociocultural Grounds for Pretending and Imaginining' by Radu J. Bogdan.
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  50. added 2014-11-06
    Shaun Gallagher & Matthew Bower (2014). Making Enactivism Even More Embodied. Avant (2):232-247.
    The full scope of enactivist approaches to cognition includes not only a focus on sensory-motor contingencies and physical affordances for action, but also an emphasis on affective factors of embodiment and intersubjective affordances for social interaction. This strong conception of embodied cognition calls for a new way to think about the role of the brain in the larger system of brain-body-environment. We ask whether recent work on predictive coding offers a way to think about brain function in an enactive system, (...)
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