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  1. Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert & Liane Gabora, Intrinsic Contextuality as the Crux of Consciousness.
    A stream of conscious experience is extremely contextual; it is impacted by sensory stimuli, drives and emotions, and the web of associations that link, directly or indirectly, the subject of experience to other elements of the individual's worldview. The contextuality of one's conscious experience both enhances and constrains the contextuality of one's behavior. Since we cannot know first-hand the conscious experience of another, it is by way of behavioral contextuality that we make judgements about whether or not, and to what (...)
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  2. Jeffrey A. Barrett (1995). The Single-Mind and Many-Minds Versions of Quantum Mechanics. Erkenntnis 42 (1):89 - 105.
    There is a long tradition of trying to find a satisfactory interpretation of Everett's relative-state formulation of quantum mechanics. Albert and Loewer recently described two new ways of reading Everett: one we will call the single-mind theory and the other the many-minds theory. I will briefly describe these theories and present some of their merits and problems. Since both are no-collapse theories, a significant merit is that they can take advantage of certain properties of the linear dynamics, which Everett (...)
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  3. Imants Baruss (2010). Beyond Scientific Materialism: Toward a Transcendent Theory of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (7-8):7-8.
    Analysis of the social-cognitive substrate of scientific activity reveals that much of science functions in an inauthentic mode whereby a materialist world view constrains the authentic practice of science. But materialism cannot explain matter, as evidenced by empirical data concerning the nature of physical manifestation. Nor, then, should materialism be the basis for our interpretation of consciousness. It is time to move beyond scientific materialism and develop transcendent theories of consciousness. Such theories should minimally meet the following criteria: they should (...)
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  4. William Bechtel (2009). Looking Down, Around, and Up: Mechanistic Explanation in Psychology. Philosophical Psychology 22 (5):543-564.
    Accounts of mechanistic explanation have emphasized the importance of looking down—decomposing a mechanism into its parts and operations. Using research on visual processing as an exemplar, I illustrate how productive such research has been. But once multiple components of a mechanism have been identified, researchers also need to figure out how it is organized—they must look around and determine how to recompose the mechanism. Although researchers often begin by trying to recompose the mechanism in terms of sequential operations, they frequently (...)
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  5. Sergio Benvenuto (2005). Simplistic Complexity: A Discussion on Psychoanalysis and Chaos Theory. World Futures 61 (3):181 – 187.
    Using a couple of Paul Watzlawick's clinical cases as a starting point, the author shows how prescriptive behavioral strategies do not produce predictable effects: the theory of (nonlinear) complex systems prevents us from establishing a precise connection between a so-called psychotherapeutic act and what we consider therapeutic effects. It is precisely the consideration of the "Lorenz attractors" that thus brings us to reconsider the long psychoanalytic work as the condition for a general structural change of subjectivity: the result of this (...)
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  6. Dick Bierman (2001). On the Nature of Anamalous Phenomena: Another Reality Between the World of Subjective Consciousness and the Objective World of Physics? In P. Loockvane (ed.), The Physical Nature of Consciousness. John Benjamins. 29--269.
  7. Michel Bitbol, Consciousness, Situations, and the Measurement Problem of Quantum Mechanics.
    There are two versions of the putative connection between consciousness and the measurement problem of quantum mechanics : consciousness as the cause of state vector reduction, and state vector reduction as the physical basis of consciousness. In this article, these controversial ideas are neither accepted uncritically, nor rejected from the outset in the name of some prejudice about objective knowledge. Instead, their origin is sought in our most cherished (but disputable) beliefs about the place of mind and consciousness in the (...)
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  8. Simon W. Blackburn (1991). Losing Your Mind: Physics, Identity, and Folk Burglar Prevention. In John D. Greenwood (ed.), The Future of Folk Psychology. Cambridge University Press. 196.
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  9. David Bohm (1990). A New Theory of the Relationship of Mind and Matter. Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):271 – 286.
    The relationship of mind and matter is approached in a new way in this article. This approach is based on the causal interpretation of the quantum theory, in which an electron, for example, is regarded as an inseparable union of a particle and afield. This field has, however, some new properties that can be seen to be the main sources of the differences between the quantum theory and the classical (Newtonian) theory. These new properties suggest that the field may be (...)
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  10. Selmer Bringsjord & Alexander Bringsjord (2012). Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Philosophical Psychology 25 (2):301-305.
    Philosophical Psychology, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-5, Ahead of Print.
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  11. Jean E. Burns (2002). Quantum Fluctuations and the Action of the Mind. Noetic Journal 3 (4):312-317.
    It is shown that if mental influence can change a position or momentum coordinate within the limits of the uncertainty principle, such change, when magnified by a single interaction, is sufficient to order the direction of traveling molecules. Mental influence could initiate an action potential in the brain through this process by using the impact of ordered molecules to open the gates of sodium channels in neuronal membranes. It is shown that about 80 ordered molecules, traveling at thermal velocity in (...)
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  12. Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey (2011). Philosophy for the Rest of Cognitive Science. Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):425-437.
    Cognitive science has always included multiple methodologies and theoretical commitments. The philosophy of cognitive science should embrace, or at least acknowledge, this diversity. Bechtel's (2009a) proposed philosophy of cognitive science, however, applies only to representationalist and mechanist cognitive science, ignoring the substantial minority of dynamically-oriented cognitive scientists. As an example of non-representational, dynamical cognitive science, we describe strong anticipation as a model for circadian systems (Stepp and Turvey 2009). We then propose a philosophy of science appropriate to non-representational, dynamical cognitive (...)
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  13. Christopher J. S. Clarke (2005). The Sense of Being Stared At: Its Relevance to the Physics of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (6):78-82.
  14. Philip Clayton (2004). Mind and Emergence: From Quantum to Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
    Strong claims have been made for emergence as a new paradigm for understanding science, consciousness, and religion. Tracing the past history and current definitions of the concept, Clayton assesses the case for emergent phenomena in the natural world and their significance for philosophy and theology. Complex emergent phenomena require irreducible levels of explanation in physics, chemistry and biology. This pattern of emergence suggests a new approach to the problem of consciousness, which is neither reducible to brain states nor proof of (...)
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  15. John B. Cobb & David Ray Griffin (eds.) (1977). Mind in Nature. University Press of America.
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  16. Daniel C. Dennett, "Quantum Incoherence," Review of A. G. Cairns-Smith, Evolving the Mind: On the Nature of Matter and the Origin of Consciousness.
    After decades of persistent work by researchers in many fields, building foundations and patiently filling in details, the gigantic jigsaw puzzle of consciousness is beginning to come into focus. As large assemblies fall into place with a gratifying convergence of details drawn from different disciplines, the pace is quickening. Everybody wants to be in on the delicious task of describing what the Big Picture is going to look like, predicting the outlines before the mopping (...)
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  17. Kingsley L. Dennis (2011). Quantum Consciousness: Reconciling Science and Spirituality Toward Our Evolutionary Future(S). World Futures 66 (7):511-524.
  18. Barbara Dewey (1993). Consciousness and Quantum Behavior: The Theory of Laminated Spacetime Re-Examined. Bartholomew Books.
  19. Matthew Donald, A Review of The Physics of Consciousness by Evan Harris Walker. [REVIEW]
    At least three books struggle to emerge from this volume. One book, at the level of popular science, leads us through the development of physics, from Newton's laws to Bell's inequalities, in order to argue for the relevance of consciousness to the understanding of quantum theory. This is followed by a sketch of an interpretation of quantum mechanics. Interwoven with both is a memoir of Walker's teenage girlfriend, who died of Hodgkin's disease nearly fifty years ago. The theme which holds (...)
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  20. Thomas Filk & Albrecht von Müller (2009). Quantum Physics and Consciousness: The Quest for a Common Conceptual Foundation. Mind and Matter 7 (1):59-80.
    Similar problems keep reappearing in both the discussion about the “hard” problem of consciousness and in fundamental issues in quantum theory. We argue that the similarities are due to common problems within the conceptual foundations of both fields. In quantum physics, the state reduction marks the “coming into being” of a new aspect of reality for which no causal explanation is available. Likewise, the self-referential nature of consciousness constitutes a “coming into being” of a new quality which goes beyond a (...)
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  21. Liane Gabora (1999). Microtubules, Anesthetics, and Quantum Consciousness:An Interview with Stuart Hameroff. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 4 (2):205-223.
  22. Matjaz Gams (ed.) (1997). Mind Versus Computer: Were Dreyfus and Winograd Right? Amsterdam: IOS Press.
    M. Gams et al. (Eds.) IOS Press, "Strong AI": an Adolescent Disorder Donald Michie Professor Emeritus, University of Edinburgh, UK Associate ...
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  23. Shan Gao (2008). A Quantum Theory of Consciousness. Minds and Machines 18 (1):39-52.
    The relationship between quantum collapse and consciousness is reconsidered under the assumption that quantum collapse is an objective dynamical process. We argue that the conscious observer can have a distinct role from the physical measuring device during the process of quantum collapse owing to the intrinsic nature of consciousness; the conscious observer can know whether he is in a definite state or a quantum superposition of definite states, while the physical measuring device cannot “know”. As a result, the consciousness observer (...)
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  24. Shan Gao (2004). A Possible Connection Between Quantum and Self-Consciousness. Axiomathes: An International Journal in Ontology and Cognitive Systems 14 (4):295-305.
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  25. Carl Gillett (2011). Multiply Realizing Scientific Properties and Their Instances. Philosophical Psychology 24 (6):727-738.
    Thomas Polger and Lawrence Shapiro (or P&S) have recently (2008) criticized ?causal-mechanist? views of realization that dominate research in the philosophy of mind and metaphysics of science. P&S offer the internal criticism that any account of realization focusing upon property instances, as views of causal-mechanist realization routinely do, must lead to incoherence about multiple realization. P&S's argument highlights important issues about property instances that have recently been neglected, as well as raising a challenge to the standard approach to understanding the (...)
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  26. Amit Goswami (1986). The Quantum Theory of Consciousness and Psi. PSI Research 5:145-65.
  27. Martin Gough (1995). Consciousness Does Not Complete Quantum Physics. Cogito 9 (3):258-261.
  28. J. L. Gould & C. G. Gould (1982). The Insect Mind: Physics or Metaphysics? In Donald R. Griffin (ed.), Animal Mind -- Human Mind. Springer-Verlag.
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  29. Attila Grandpierre (1997). The Physics of Collective Consciousness. World Futures 48 (1):23-56.
    ABSTRACT: It is pointed out that the organisation of an organism necessarily involves fields which are the only means to make an approximately simultaneous tuning of the different subsystems of the organism-as-a-whole. Nature uses the olfactory fields, the acoustic fields, the electromagnetic fields and quantum-vacuum fields. Fields with their ability to comprehend the whole organism are the natural basis of a global interaction between organisms and of collective consciousness. Evidences are presented that electromagnetic potential fields mediate the collective field of (...)
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  30. John D. Greenwood (ed.) (1991). The Future of Folk Psychology: Intentionality and Cognitive Science. Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume are concerned with our everyday and developed scientific systems of explanation of human behavior in terms of beliefs, attitudes,...
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  31. Richard L. Gregory (1981). Mind In Science: A History Of Explanations In Psychology And Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  32. Donald R. Griffin (ed.) (1982). Animal Mind -- Human Mind. Springer-Verlag.
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  33. Gerhard Grössing (2001). Comparing the Long-Term Evolution of ``Cognitive Invariances'' in Physics with a Dynamics in States of Consciousness. Foundations of Science 6 (4):255-272.
    It is shown that the evolution of physics canin several regards be described by elements of``regression'', i.e., that within a certaintradition of ideas one begins with theconstruction of most ``plausible'' statements(axioms) at hand, and then ``works onselfbackwards'' with respect to developmental terms.As a consequence of this strategy, the furtherwork proceeds along such a ``regressive'' path,the more one arrives at concepts andrelationships which are unexpected or evencounter-intuitive in terms of our everydayexperiences. However, a comparable phenomenology is wellknown from studies on states (...)
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  34. Stuart Hameroff, Anesthesia, Consciousness and Hydrophobic Pockets a Unitary Quantum Hypothesis of Anesthetic Action.
    Anesthetic gas molecules are recognized to act by van der Waals (London dispersion) forces in hydrophobic pockets of select brain proteins to ablate consciousness. Enigmatic features of consciousness have defied conventional neurophysiological exp lanations and prompted suggestions for supplemental occurrence of macroscopic quantum coherent states and quantum computation in the brain. Are these feasible? During conscious (non-anesthetic) conditions, endogenous Van der Waals London dispersion forces occur among non-polar amino acid groups in hydrophobic pockets of neural proteins and help regulate their (...)
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  35. Stuart Hameroff, Consciousness, Microtubules and the Quantum World.
    Hameroff: I became interested in understanding consciousness as an undergraduate at the University of Pittsburgh in the late 60's. In my third year of medical school at Hahnemann in Philadelphia I did a research elective in professor Ben Kahn's hematology-oncology lab. They were studying various types of malignant blood cells, and I became interested in mitosis-looking under the microscope at normal and abnormal cell division. I became fascinated by centrioles and mitotic spindles pulling apart the chromosomes, doing this little dance, (...)
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  36. Stuart Hameroff, Overview: Could Life And Consciousness Be Related To The Fundamental Quantum Nature Of The Universe?
    Consciousness defines our existence and reality. But how does the brain generate thoughts and feelings? Most explanations portray the brain as a computer, with nerve cells ("neurons") and their synaptic connections acting as simple switches, or "bits" which interact in complex ways. In this view consciousness is said to "emerge" as a novel property of complex interactions among neurons, as hurricanes and candle flames emerge from complex interactions among gas and dust molecules. However this approach fails to explain why we (...)
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  37. Stuart Hameroff, The Quantum Mind Of.
    Today we’re talking with Stuart Hameroff, Professor Emeritus at the Departments of Anesthesiology and Psychology, and Director of the Center for Consciousness Studies, at the University of Arizona. Dr Hameroff is best-known for his research on 'quantum consciousness', an alternative model to the accepted view of how consciousness arises. With Sir Roger Penrose, Dr Hameroff has proposed that consciousness arises at the quantum level within structures inside neurons, known as microtubules.
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  38. Stuart R. Hameroff, Time, Consciousness, and Quantum Events in Fundamental Space-Time Geometry.
    1. Introduction: The problems of time and consciousness What is time? St. Augustine remarked that when no one asked him, he knew what time was; however when someone asked him, he did not. Is time a process which flows? Is time a dimension in which processes occur? Does time actually exist? The notion that time is a process which "flows" directionally may be illusory (the "myth of passage") for if time did flow it would do so in some medium or (...)
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  39. Charles Hartshorne (1977). Physics and Psychics: The Place of Mind in Nature. In John B. Cobb & David Ray Griffin (eds.), Mind in Nature. University Press of America. 90--122.
  40. R. Healey (2003). Holism in Philosophy of Mind and Philosophy of Physics - Michael Esfeld, Dordrecht, 2001, Pp. XIV+366, US $113, ISBN 0-7923-7003-. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (2):334-337.
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  41. Carl S. Helrich (2006). On the Limitations and Promise of Quantum Theory for Comprehension of Human Knowledge and Consciousness. Zygon 41 (3):543-566.
  42. David Hodgson (2002). Consciousness, Quantum Physics, and Free Will. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
  43. David Hodgson (2002). Physics, Consciousness and Free Will. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook on Free Will. Oxford University Press.
  44. P. Holland (2002). More Than the Conscience of Physics? From Physics to Philosophy - J. Butterfield and C. Pagonis (Eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999, 235pp., Price £40.00 Hardback, ISBN 0 521 66025. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (3):576-582.
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  45. John Horgan (2001). John Horgan Responds. Brain and Mind 2 (2):253-259.
  46. S. Jeffers (2003). Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (6):135-152.
  47. Subhash Kak (2004). Architecture of Knowledge: Quantum Mechanics, Neuroscience, Computers, and Consciousness. Centre for Studies in Civilization.
  48. Robert H. Kane (ed.) (2002). The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    This comprehensive reference provides an exhaustive guide to current scholarship on the perennial problem of Free Will--perhaps the most hotly and voluminously debated of all philosophical problems. While reference is made throughout to the contributions of major thinkers of the past, the emphasis is on recent research. The essays, most of which are previously unpublished, combine the work of established scholars with younger thinkers who are beginning to make significant contributions. Taken as a whole, the Handbook provides an engaging and (...)
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  49. A. I͡U Khrennikov (2002). Classical and Quantum Mental Models and Freud's Theory of Unconscious/Conscious Mind. Växjö University Press.
  50. David E. Klemm & William H. Klink (2008). Consciousness and Quantum Mechanics: Opting From Alternatives. Zygon 43 (2):307-327.
    We present a model of a fundamental property of consciousness as the capacity of a system to opt among presented alternatives. Any system possessing this capacity is "conscious" in some degree, whether or not it has the higher capacity of reflecting on its opting. We argue that quantum systems, composed of microphysical particles, as studied by quantum mechanics, possess this quality in a protomental form. That is, such particles display the capacity to opt among alternatives, even though they lack the (...)
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