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  1. Robert P. Adams, D. H. Wilken, W. M. Klein, G. Bryant & R. G. Walter (1975). RAPIC, The Missing Link? BioScience 25 (7):433-437.
  2. R. Adamson (1886). J. C. Murray, A Handbook of Psychology. [REVIEW] Mind 11:252.
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  3. Igor L. Aleksander & B. Dunmall (2003). Axioms and Tests for the Presence of Minimal Consciousness in Agents I: Preamble. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4):7-18.
    This paper relates to a formal statement of the mechanisms that are thought minimally necessary to underpin consciousness. This is expressed in the form of axioms. We deem this to be useful if there is ever to be clarity in answering questions about whether this or the other organism is or is not conscious. As usual, axioms are ways of making formal statements of intuitive beliefs and looking, again formally, at the consequences of such beliefs. The use of this style (...)
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  4. Richard Allen (2001). David Hartley's New Words for Action: 'Automatic' and 'Decomplex'. Enlightenment and Dissent 20:1-22.
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  5. Alan Allport (2008). The Ups and Downs of Cognitive Psychology: Attention and Other 'Executive Functions'. In Pat Rabbitt (ed.), Inside Psychology: A Science Over 50 Years. OUP Oxford
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  6. Rudi Anders (2014). Stream of Humanist Consciousness. Australian Humanist, The 113:16.
    Anders, Rudi Sometimes it is nice to do something totally unconnected to the usual bustle of life, such as a walk in the park. This time I visit a German Lutheran church in Melbourne; I have never entered it before. The exterior and interior consistently retain the traditional design. The bluestone gives it a sense of permanence - timelessness. I rarely like modern churches; mixing modern and traditional never works for me. This church is not large and has an intimate (...)
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  7. Michael Anderson, Logic, Self-Awareness and Self-Improvement: The Metacognitive Loop Andthe Problem of Brittleness.
    This essay describes a general approach to building perturbation-tolerant autonomous systems, based on the conviction that artificial agents should be able to notice when something is amiss, assess the anomaly, and guide a solution into place. This basic strategy of self-guided learning is termed the metacognitive loop; it involves the system monitoring, reasoning about, and, when necessary, altering its own decision-making components. This paper (a) argues that equipping agents with a metacognitive loop can help to overcome the brittleness problem, (b) (...)
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  8. Michael Anderson, The Metacognitive Loop I: Enhancing Reinforcement Learning with Metacognitive Monitoring and Control for Improved Perturbation Tolerance||.
    Maintaining adequate performance in dynamic and uncertain settings has been a perennial stumbling block for intelligent systems. Nevertheless, any system intended for real-world deployment must be able to accommodate unexpected change—that is, it must be perturbation tolerant. We have found that metacognitive monitoring and control—the ability of a system to self-monitor its own decision-making processes and ongoing performance, and to make targeted changes to its beliefs and action-determining components—can play an important role in helping intelligent systems cope with the perturbations (...)
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  9. John Jairo Tamayo Arenas, G. Luis & Norma Patricia Dur N. Osorio (2011). Control de calidad en calibraciones realizadas en el laboratorio de medida de energía de epm. Scientia 16.
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  10. Vicenç Fisas Armengol (1997). El control del comercio de armamento. Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 9:56-69.
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  11. Raul Arrabales, Agapito Ledezma & Araceli Sanchis (2010). ConsScale: A Pragmatic Scale for Measuring the Level of Consciousness in Artificial Agents. Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (3-4):3-4.
    One of the key problems the field of Machine Consciousness is currently facing is the need to accurately assess the potential level of consciousness that an artificial agent might develop. This paper presents a novel artificial consciousness scale designed to provide a pragmatic and intuitive reference in the evaluation of MC implementations. The version of ConsScale described in this work provides a comprehensive evaluation mechanism which enables the estimation of the potential degree of consciousness of most of the existing artificial (...)
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  12. Cynthia Anamaya Atsina (2002). Global Dialectics of Narrative Identity: Mediating the Voluntary and the Involuntary. Dissertation, University of San Francisco
    Philosophical anthropology and critical interpretive theory provide the context for this inquiry exploring aspects of self and modes of being-in-the-world. Building on the work of Paul Ricoeur and Martin Heidegger, the investigation provides insight into: an understanding of how the voluntary and the involuntary influence and shape the narrative identity of self with self and of self in relation with other---addressing the question, Who is it that we are?; an understanding of how the voluntary and the involuntary are reflected in (...)
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  13. Murat Aydede (2000). Emotions or Emotional Feelings? (Commentary on Rolls' The Brain and Emotion). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):192-194.
    It turns out that Rolls’s answer to Nagel’s (1974) question, "What is it like to be a bat?" is brusque: there is nothing it is like to be a bat . . . provided that bats don’t have a linguistically structured internal representational system that enables them to think about their first-order thoughts which are also linguistically structured. For phenomenal consciousness, a properly functioning system of higher-order linguistic thought (HOLT) is necessary (Rolls 1998, p. 262). By this criterion, not only (...)
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  14. B. J. Baars (1988). Momentary Forgetting as a “Resetting” of a Conscious Global Workspace Due to Competition Between Incompatible Contexts,”. In M. J. Horowitz (ed.), Psychodynamics and Cognition. University of Chicago Press 269--293.
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  15. Bernard J. Baars & J. B. Newman (1994). A Neurobiological Interpretation of the Global Workspace Theory of Consciousness. In Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum
  16. Bernard J. Baars & James Newman (1994). A Neurobiological Interpretation of Global Workspace Theory. In Antti Revonsuo & Matti Kamppinen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum 211--226.
  17. Joscha Bach (2012). Modeling Motivation and the Emergence of Affect in a Cognitive Agent. In Pei Wang & Ben Goertzel (eds.), Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence. Springer 241--262.
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  18. A. Bain (1891). Notes on Volition. Mind 16 (62):253-258.
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  19. Jodie A. Baird & Bryan W. Sokol (2004). Connections Between Theory of Mind and Sociomoral Development. Jossey-Bass.
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  20. Karin Bakracevic Vukman & Marta Licardo (2010). How Cognitive, Metacognitive, Motivational and Emotional Self‐Regulation Influence School Performance in Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Educational Studies 36 (3):259-268.
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  21. James Mark Baldwin (1891). Handbook of Psychology. The Monist 2:467.
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  22. Mahzarin R. Banaji, Kristi M. Lemm & Siri J. Carpenter (2004). The Social Unconscious. In Marilynn B. Brewer & Miles Hewstone (eds.), Social Cognition. Perspectives on Social Psychology. Blackwell 28-53.
  23. J. Bargh (1994). The Four Horsemen of Automaticity: Awareness, Efficiency, Intentions and Control. In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum 1040.
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  24. J. A. Bargh (1994). The Four Horsemen of Automaticity: Intention, Awareness, Efficiency, and Control as Separate Issues. In R. Wyer & T. Srull (eds.), Handbook of Social Cognition. Lawrence Erlbaum 1--1.
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  25. Hilary Barth (2008). Do Mental Magnitudes Form Part of the Foundation for Natural Number Concepts? Don't Count Them Out Yet. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):644-645.
    The current consensus among most researchers is that natural number is not built solely upon a foundation of mental magnitudes. On their way to the conclusion that magnitudes do not form any part of that foundation, Rips et al. pass rather quickly by theories suggesting that mental magnitudes might play some role. These theories deserve a closer look.
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  26. Paolo Bartolomeo (2008). Varieties of Attention and of Consciousness: Evidence From Neuropsychology. Psyche 14 (1).
    Do we need to attend to an object in order to be conscious of it, and are the objects of our attention necessarily part of our conscious experience? A tight link between attention and consciousness has often been assumed, but it has recently been questioned, on the basis of psychophysical evidence suggesting a double dissociation between top-down attention and consciousness. The present review proposes to consider these issues in the light of time-honored distinctions between exogenous and endogenous forms of attention (...)
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  27. A. J. Bastian, E. Mugnaini & W. T. Thach (1999). Cerebellum. In M. J. Zigmond & F. E. Bloom (eds.), Fundamental Neuroscience. 973--992.
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  28. Charlton Bastian (1892). Les processus nerveux dans l'attention et la volition. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 33:353 - 384.
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  29. W. Battmann & S. Dutke (eds.) (1996). Processes of the Molar Regulation of Behavior (Pp. 151-165). Pabst Science.
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  30. Marc Bekoff (2006). The Public Lives of Animals: A Troubled Scientist, Pissy Baboons, Angry Elephants, and Happy Hounds. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (5):115-131.
  31. Artem V. Belopolsky, The Role of Awareness in the Error-Processing of Involuntary Eye Movements.
  32. Alvin S. Bernstein, Kenneth Taylor, Buron G. Austen, Martin Nathanson & Anthony Scarpelli (1971). Orienting Response and Apparent Movement Toward or Away From the Observer. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):37.
  33. Mark Bevir & Karsten Stueber (2011). Empathy, Rationality, and Explanation. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (2):147-162.
    This paper describes the historical background to contemporary discussions of empathy and rationality. It looks at the philosophy of mind and its implications for action explanation and the philosophy of history. In the nineteenth century, the concept of empathy became prominent within philosophical aesthetics, from where it was extended to describe the way we grasp other minds. This idea of empathy as a way of understanding others echoed through later accounts of historical understanding as involving re-enactment, noticeably that of R. (...)
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  34. Ellen Bialystok & Raluca Barac (2012). Emerging Bilingualism: Dissociating Advantages for Metalinguistic Awareness and Executive Control. Cognition 122 (1):67-73.
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  35. Ellen Bialystok & Mythili Viswanathan (2009). Components of Executive Control with Advantages for Bilingual Children in Two Cultures. Cognition 112 (3):494.
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  36. G. Billock, C. Koch & D. Psaltis (2005). Selective Attention as an Optimal Computational Strategy. In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press 18--23.
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  37. P. Bisiacchi & M. Proverbio (1991). Visuospatial Sustained Attention. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (6):511-511.
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  38. Thomas Jacob Bittner (1994). Timing Conscious Intentions: An Experimentally-Based Paradox About Free Action. Dissertation, University of Washington
    Recent experiments performed by Benjamin Libet, a brain physiologist, have raised an interesting problem about the role of conscious decisions in the production of a simple voluntary movement. We ordinarily believe that, in many circumstances, the conscious decision to perform a simple action matters for the performance of that action. But, Libet has shown that by the time a person "freely" decides to flex her wrist, the distinctive brain processes that cause the movement to occur are already well under way. (...)
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  39. Harry E. Blanchard (1987). The Effects of Pronoun Processing on Information Utilization During Fixations in Reading. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (3):171-174.
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  40. Boyd H. Bode (1918). Consciousness as Behavior. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (17):449-453.
  41. L. Pearl Boggs (1909). Hinn's The Development of the Senses in the First Three Years of Childhood. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 6 (9):248.
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  42. Thomas D. Borkovec (1976). Physiological and Cognitive Processes in the Regulation of Anxiety. In Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum 261--312.
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  43. Laura Bosch & Núria Sebastián-Gallés (1997). Native-Language Recognition Abilities in 4-Month-Old Infants From Monolingual and Bilingual Environments. Cognition 65 (1):33-69.
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  44. Juan Botella (1992). Target-Specified and Target-Categorized Conditions in RSVP Tasks as Reflected by Detection Time. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (3):197-200.
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  45. Patricia T. Bradt (1973). Use of Dylox in Gypsy Moth Control. BioScience 23 (12):690-690.
  46. Lewis W. Brandt (1977). Reward and Punishment or Bribe and Extortion? Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 7 (2):195-208.
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  47. B. Breece (1900). On Inhibition. Philosophical Review 9:354.
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  48. Jean L. Bresnahan, Martin M. Shapiro & John C. Milazzo (1976). Adaptation and Extinction of Stimulus Control in Children From Two Socioeconomic Levels. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (3):237-240.
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  49. Selmer Bringsjord (1994). Baars Falls Prey to the Timidity He Rejects:Commentary on Baars on Contrastive Analysis. Psyche 1.
    Baars affirms Crick and Koch's position that the timidity most cognitive scientists show in the face of consciousness is ridiculous. Unfortunately, all three succumb to a variation on the timidity they deprecate. Furthermore, Baars' own method, ``contrastic analysis,'' is at odds with the computational conception of mind that dominates contemporary cognitive science.
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  50. Douglas C. Broadfield (2010). Grandparental Investment and the Epiphenomenon of Menopause in Recent Human History. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (1):19-20.
    The effects of grandparental investment in relatives are apparent in human groups, suggesting that a postreproductive period in humans is selective. Although investment of relatives in kin produces obvious benefits for kin groups, selection for a postreproductive period in humans is not supported by evidence from chimpanzees. Instead, grandparental investment is likely a recent phenomenon of longevity, rather than an evolved feature.
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