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  1. Michael J. Almeida & Neal D. Judisch (2002). A New Cosmological Argument Undone. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 51 (1):55-64.
    There is an intriguing recent effort to develop a valid cosmological argument on the basis of quite minimal assumptions.1 Indeed, the basis of the new cosmological argument is so slight that it is likely to make even a conscientious theist suspicious – to say nothing of our vigilant atheists. In Section 1 we present the background assumptions and central premises of the new cosmological argument. We are sympathetic to the conclusion that there necessarily exists (...)
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  2. Gregg Caruso (2014). Science and Religion: 5 Questions. Automatic Press/VIP.
    Are science and religion compatible when it comes to understanding cosmology (the origin of the universe), biology (the origin of life and of the human species), ethics, and the human mind (minds, brains, souls, and free will)? Do science and religion occupy non-overlapping magisteria? Is Intelligent Design a scientific theory? How do the various faith traditions view the relationship between science and religion? What, if any, are the limits of scientific explanation? What are the most important open questions, problems, or (...)
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  3. Brian Davies & Brian Leftow (eds.) (2006). Aquinas: Summa Theologiae, Questions on God. Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest of the medieval philosophers. His Summa Theologiae is his most important contribution to Christian theology, and one of the main sources for his philosophy. This volume offers most of the Summa's first 26 questions, including all of those on the existence and nature of God. Based on the 1960 Blackfriars translation, this version has been extensively revised by Brian Davies and also includes an introduction by Brian Leftow which places the questions in their (...)
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  4. Steven M. Duncan, Compendium Metaphysicae.
    Recently, I was reading Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials, and read selections from Wolff, Baumgarten, Crusius, and Kant's own teacher, Martin Knutzen. It was dope - real philosophical comfort food - and inspired this piece, written in the style of one of their textbooks.
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  5. John Edelman (2011). The Strangeness of an Unmoved Mover: Aquinas, Wittgenstein, and 'the Sense of Life'. American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (4):605 - 622.
    This essay is a discussion of Aquinas’s argument "from motion" to the existence of God as the argument is found in his ’Summa Contra Gentiles’. The aim of the essay is to suggest an approach to Aquinas’s argument that emphasizes its particular context, where "context" signifies not so much the assumed Aristotelian physics as Aquinas’s larger project of carrying out "the office of a wise man," namely, "to order things." Construing the relevant "ordering" as a making sense of things -- (...)
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  6. Yiftach J. H. Fehige (2009). Gottesbeweis oder Gedankenexperiment christlicher Theologie? Zu Dombrowskis Verteidigung des Ontologischen Arguments. Jahrbuch für Religionsphilosophie 8:69-91.
    In this paper I argue that Daniel A. Dombrowski's defence of a version of Anselm's ontological argument fails.
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  7. Philippe Gagnon (2014). "Le dernier état d'un finalisme contemporain – À propos d'un inédit majeur de Raymond Ruyer" [The final status of a contemporary finalism–Concerning a major unpublished draft of Raymond Ruyer]. Laval Théologique et Philosophique 70 (2):367-378.
    This is a critical notice/review essay on *L'embryogenèse du monde et le Dieu silencieux*, a manuscript completed by Raymond Ruyer in the early 1980s. It came out as a monograph in November 2013, with the Éditions Klincksieck in Paris. It offers a presentation in an organized fashion of many aspects of his thought. Ruyer considered that a book about God could only be churned into a series of chapters on the unachievable character of our knowledge in different domains of (...)
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  8. Philippe Gagnon (2012). Raymond Ruyer, la Biologie Et la Théologie Naturelle [Raymond Ruyer, Biology, and Natural Theology]. In Ronny Desmet & Michel Weber (eds.), Chromatikon VIII: Annales de la philosophie en procès — Yearbook of Philosophy in Process. Éditions Chromatika
    This is the outline: Introduction : le praticien d’une science-philosophie; Épiphénoménisme retourné et subjectivité délocalisée; Dieu est-il jamais inféré par la science ?; La question du panthéisme; Le pilotage axiologique et la parabole mécaniste; L'unité domaniale comme ce qui reste en dehors de la science.
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  9. Philippe Gagnon (2002). Ce Que le Théisme Demande À la Science. Laval Théologique et Philosophique 58 (3):457-487.
    Close attention to levels of organization leads one to doubt the random character of the regulations of the cosmos as a whole. Scientific knowledge seems able, after all, to bring into focus the enigma of the individual histories that have shaped the world. Religious consciousness of a personal destiny should be analogically linked to the destiny of the universe in which it is rooted.
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  10. Adolf Grünbaum (1989). The Pseudo-Problem of Creation in Physical Cosmology. Philosophy of Science 56 (3):373-394.
    According to some cosmologists, the big bang cosmogony and even the (now largely defunct) steady-state theory pose a scientifically insoluble problem of matter-energy creation. But I argue that the genuine problem of the origin of matter-energy or of the universe has been fallaciously transmuted into the pseudo-problem of creation by an external cause. A fortiori, it emerges that the initial "true" and "false" vacuum states of quantum cosmology do not vindicate biblical divine creation ex nihilo at all.
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  11. Ghislain Guigon (2011). Merely Possible Explanation. Religious Studies 47 (3):359-370.
    Graham Oppy has argued that possible explanation entails explanation in order to object to Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss’s new cosmological argument that it does not improve upon familiar cosmological arguments. Gale and Pruss as well as Pruss individually have granted Oppy’s inference from possible explanation to explanation and argue that this inference provides a reason to believe that the strong principle of sufficient reason is true. In this article, I shall undermine Oppy’s objection to the new cosmological argument by (...)
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  12. Ismail Latif Hacinebioglu (2008). Does God Exist? Logical Foundations of the Cosmological Argument. Insan Publ.
    In this book, the logical framework of various versions of the cosmological argument for the existence of God along with their characteristic concomitant critiques is analysed. The cosmological argument for the existence of God through the existence of the universe has significant grounds in religion, philosophy, and science. The discussions touch upon the problems of necessity and contingency, infinity and finitude, subjectivity and objectivity, verification and falsification, time and space, epistemology, and the origin of the universe. The logical foundations of (...)
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  13. Seyed Hassan Hosseini (2011). A Comparative Study on the Degree of Dependence of Clarke's and Sadra's Arguments for the Existence of God on the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Hekmat Va Falsafeh 6 (24):53 - 68.
    After briefly discussing the various versions of the principle of sufficient reason (hereafter PSR), I argue that Clarke’s classic version of the cosmological arguments for the existence of God is rooted in the PSR, while Sadra’s so-called Siddigin argument is not based on any weak or strong version of PSR. My paper is thus divided into three parts: (1) the PSR and its significance concerning the cosmological arguments for the existence of God, (2) Clarke’s version of cosmological argument and its (...)
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  14. Mogens Laerke (2011). Leibniz's Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God. Archiv Fuer Geschichte der Philosophie 93 (1):58 - 84.
    In this article, I discuss Leibniz’s interpretation of the cosmological argument for the existence of God. In particular, I consider whether Leibniz’s position on this point was developed partly in reference to Spinoza’s position. First, I analyze Leibniz’s annotations from 1676 on Spinoza’s letter 12. The traditional cosmological argument, as found in Avicenna and Saint Thomas for example, relies on the Aristotelian assumption that an actual infinite is impossible and on the idea that there can be no effect without a (...)
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  15. Nicholas Maxwell, Looking for Ultimate Explanations in the Wrong Place. Metascience.
    Review of Michael Heller, Ultimate Explanations of the Cosmos, Springer, 2009.
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  16. Jayant V. Narlikar (1992). The Concepts of "Beginning" and "Creation" in Cosmology. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):361-371.
    The paper is inspired by the arguments raised recently by Grunbaum criticizing the current approaches of many cosmologists to the problem of spacetime singularity, matter creation and the origin of the universe. While agreeing with him that the currently favored cosmological ideas do not indicate the biblical notion of divine creation ex nihilo, I present my viewpoint on the same issues, which differs considerably from Grunbaum's. First I show that the symmetry principle which leads to the conservation law of energy (...)
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  17. John Linus O'Sullivan, Gravity and General Relativity.
    Abstract: This report will graphically depict the coupling between Quantum Gravity and General Relativity. Space is from two types of energy in standing waves; energy with mass which is finite energy and energy without mass which is infinite. Given light speed is equal to frequency times wavelength where C = f λ then photons must be twice light speed on half wavelengths before mass is created. Light speed is a constant relative to mass in Special Relativity but photon half waves (...)
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  18. Graham Oppy, Library: Modern: : Review of R.C. Sproul's Not a Chance. [REVIEW]
    As the chapter headings--and title--reveal, the book is about the role of causation and chance in modern science, and, in particular, in modern cosmology. However, because the book is shot through with serious conceptual confusion, anyone who is interested in actually learning something about the role of causation and chance in modern science is advised to look elsewhere.
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  19. Graham Oppy (2012). Response to Maydole. In Miroslaw Szatkowski (ed.), Ontological Proofs Today. Ontos Verlag 50--487.
    This paper is my second contribution to the Szatkowski volume. In the first paper, I provide a critical discussion of Bob Maydole's ontological arguments. In this second paper, I respond to Maydole's critical response to my first paper. My overall verdict is that Maydole does not successfully defend his arguments against my critical attack.
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  20. Graham Oppy (2009). Cosmological Arguments. Noûs 43 (1):31-48.
    This paper provides a taxonomy of cosmological arguments and givesgeneral reasons for thinking that arguments that belong to a given category do not succeed.
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  21. Graham Oppy (2008). Review of Timothy O'Connor, Theism and Ultimate Explanation: The Necessary Shape of Contingency. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (6).
    This paper is a review of the cosmological argument that Tim O'Connor defends in "Theism and Ultimate Explanation".
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  22. Joshua Rasmussen & Christopher Gregory Weaver (forthcoming). Why is There Anything? In Jerry L. Walls Trent Dougherty (ed.), Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project. Oxford University Press
    We argue that there exists a necessary causally potent being. We then argue that that being is God.
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  23. James Redford, The Physics of God and the Quantum Gravity Theory of Everything.
    Analysis is given of the Omega Point cosmology, an extensively peer-reviewed proof (i.e., mathematical theorem) published in leading physics journals by professor of physics and mathematics Frank J. Tipler, which demonstrates that in order for the known laws of physics to be mutually consistent, the universe must diverge to infinite computational power as it collapses into a final cosmological singularity, termed the Omega Point. The theorem is an intrinsic component of the Feynman-DeWitt-Weinberg quantum gravity/Standard Model Theory of Everything (TOE) describing (...)
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  24. Bruce Reichenbach (2004). Explanation and the Cosmological Argument. In Michael Peterson & Raymond vanArragon (eds.), Contemporary Debates in the Philosophy of Religion. 97-114.
    After writing about the need for explanation and types of explanations, I present three cosmological arguments: the argument from contingency, the kalam cosmological argument, and the inductive argument from the inference to the best explanation. I respond to major objections to each of them.
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  25. Bruce R. Reichenbach (1970). Divine Necessity and the Cosmological Argument. The Monist 54 (3):401-415.
    An analysis of the use of "necessary" in the cosmological argument reveals that the criticism of it, i.e., that its conclusion is self-contradictory because no existential proposition can be logically necessary, is due to the mistaken contention that the necessity involved is logical rather than conditional necessity.
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  26. Lubos Rojka (2008). Human Authenticity and the Question of God in the Philosophy of Bernard Lonergan. Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 13 (1):31 - 49.
    In his ’Insight’, Lonergan presents a general form of the argument for the existence of God: "reality is completely intelligible, therefore, God exists." Its framework may be characterized as a Leibnizian version of the cosmological argument from the contingency of empirical reality to the unrestricted act of understanding. The acceptance of Lonergan’s argument presupposes familiarity with his theory of being and objectivity. In my analysis, since Lonergan uses heuristic (second order) definitions and dialectical method in his justification of the complete (...)
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  27. William L. Rowe (2004). Cosmological Arguments. In William Mann (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell Pub.
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  28. Thomas D. Senor (2010). On the Tenability of Brute Naturalism and the Implications of Brute Theism. Philosophia Christi 10 (2):273-280.
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  29. Neil Sinhababu (forthcoming). Divine Fine-Tuning Vs. Electrons in Love. American Philosophical Quarterly.
    I present a novel objection to fine-tuning arguments for God's existence: the metaphysical possibility of different psychophysical laws allows any values of the physical constants to support intelligent life forms, like protons and electrons that are in love.
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  30. Christopher Gregory Weaver (forthcoming). Yet Another New Cosmological Argument. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-21.
    I argue that the existence of a necessary concrete being can be derived from an exceedingly weak causal principle coupled with two contingent truths one of which falls out of very popular positions in contemporary analytic metaphysics. I then show that the argument resists a great many objections commonly lodged against natural theological arguments of the cosmological variety.
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  31. J. H. Yiftach (2009). Gottesbeweis Oder Gedankenexperiment Christlicher Theologie? Zu Dombrowskis Verteidigung des Ontologischen Arguments. Jahrbuch für Religionsphilosophie 8:69-91.
    This paper argues that Daniel A. Dombrowski's defence of a version of the ontological argument for the existence of God fails.
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