Edited by Justin Tiwald (San Francisco State University)
|Summary||Dai Zhen 戴震 (1724-1777). The most influential Confucian scholar in the Qing dynasty. Also the leading philologist and a contributor of major works on phonology, astronomy and mathematics. Dai developed an alternative to the speculative metaphysics that had come to dominate China after the rise of Buddhism and orthodox Neo-Confucianism. He defended models of moral cultivation and moral agency that prioritized desires, sympathetic perspective-taking, textual analysis, and philosophical reflection.|
|Key works||Dai's most important and comprehensive work is the Evidential Commentary on the Meanings of Terms in the Mengzi (Mengzi ziyi shuzheng 孟子字義疏證). This has been translated by Freeman and Chin in Tai Chen on Mencius (Yale University Press, 1990) and in Ewell 1990. Another major philosophical work is On the Good (Yuanshan 原善), which is translated in Cheng 1971.|
|Introductions||Ivanhoe 2000 (ch. 7), Tiwald 2010, Tiwald 2006|
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