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Decision Theory

Edited by Rachael Briggs (Australian National University)
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Subcategories:History/traditions: Decision Theory
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  1. A. (1992). Risk and Public Decision-Making. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (2):53-56.
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  2. A. R. A. (1957). Decision Making. Review of Metaphysics 11 (2):355-355.
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  3. A. R. A. (1956). Risk and Gambling. Review of Metaphysics 10 (1):174-174.
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  4. A. Abatemarco (2010). A Physicist's Approach to Phase Controlling Chaotic Economic Models / F. T. Arecchi, R. Meucci, F. Salvadori, D. Acampora, K. Al Naimee ; Part V: Related Issues: A Note on Complaints and Deprivation. [REVIEW] In Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.), Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia.
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  5. Diedrik Aerts & Sven Aerts (1995). Applications of Quantum Statistics in Psychological Studies of Decision Processes. Foundations of Science 1 (1):85-97.
    We present a new approach to the old problem of how to incorporate the role of the observer in statistics. We show classical probability theory to be inadequate for this task and take refuge in the epsilon-model, which is the only model known to us caapble of handling situations between quantum and classical statistics. An example is worked out and some problems are discussed as to the new viewpoint that emanates from our approach.
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  6. Paul Anand (2008). Rationality and Intransitive Preference. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 22:5-15.
    “Radical The paper provides a survey of arguments for claims that rational agents should have transitive preferences and argues that they are not valid. The presentation is based on a chapter for the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Rational and Social Choice.
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  7. Paul Anand (2005). Bayes's Theorem (Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 113), Edited by Richard Swinburne, Oxford University Press, 2002, 160 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):139-142.
  8. Jack Anderson (1993). Review: Decisions and Negotiations. [REVIEW] Behavior and Philosophy 20:89 - 94.
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  9. Lyle Vincent Anderson (1980). Logic, Motivation and Action: Extending Aristotle's Theory of Choice. Dissertation, Yale University
    There is, however, an important subjective difference; the purpose of the essay is to exploit it. A purely logical analysis cannot adjudicate the following dispute: an agent, wishing to preserve an air of ignorance and innocence, may claim merely to have selected P, while an analyst, wishing to prove knowledge and guilt, may claim that the agent 'really' discounted Q, as a relevant reason for action. Such a dispute about basicness of actions is meaningful, if not resolvable. Thus, if the (...)
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  10. F. T. Arecchi (2010). Part I: General Issues: Coherence, Complexity and Creativity: The Dynamics of Decision Making. In Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.), Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia.
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  11. Horacio Arlo-Costa & Jeffrey Helzner, Iterated Random Selection as Intermediate Between Risk and Uncertainty.
    In (Hertwig et al. , 2003) Hertwig et al. draw a distinction between decisions from experience and decisions from description. In a decision from experience an agent does not have a summary description of the possible outcomes or their likelihoods. A career choice, deciding whether to back up a computer hard drive, cross a busy street, etc., are typical examples of decisions from experience. In such decisions agents can rely only of their encounters with the corresponding prospects. By contrast, an (...)
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  12. Luigi Bagolini (1965). Interpretación jurídica y decisión. Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 5:101-108.
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  13. James William Barlow (1882). The Ultimatum of Pessimism.
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  14. J. L. Bermudez (2013). Prisoner's Dilemma and Newcomb's Problem: Why Lewis's Argument Fails. Analysis 73 (3):423-429.
    According to David Lewis, the prisoner's dilemma (PD) and Newcomb's problem (NP) are really just one dilemma in two different forms (Lewis 1979). Lewis's argument for this conclusion is ingenious and has been widely accepted. However, it is flawed. As this paper shows, the considerations that Lewis brings to bear to show that the game he starts with is an NP equally show that the game is not a PD.
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  15. Gregor Betz (2010). What’s the Worst Case? The Methodology of Possibilistic Prediction. Analyse & Kritik 32 (1):87-106.
    Frank Knight (1921) famously distinguished the epistemic modes of certainty, risk, and uncertainty in order to characterize situations where deterministic, probabilistic or possibilistic foreknowledge is available. Because our probabilistic knowledge is limited, i.e. because many systems, e.g. the global climate, cannot be described and predicted probabilistically in a reliable way, Knight's third category, possibilistic foreknowledge, is not simply swept by the probabilistic mode. This raises the question how to justify possibilistic predictionsincluding the identication of the worst case. The development of (...)
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  16. Aditi Bhattacharyya, Prasanta K. Pattanaik & Yongsheng Xu (2011). Choice, Internal Consistency and Rationality. Economics and Philosophy 27 (2):123-149.
    The classical theory of rational choice is built on several important internal consistency conditions. In recent years, the reasonableness of those internal consistency conditions has been questioned and criticized, and several responses to accommodate such criticisms have been proposed in the literature. This paper develops a general framework to accommodate the issues raised by the criticisms of classical rational choice theory, and examines the broad impact of these criticisms from both normative and positive points of view.
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  17. L. Biggiero (2010). Exploration Modes and its Impact on Industry Profitability. In Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.), Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia. 83--115.
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  18. G. Bimonte (2010). Predictability of SOC Systems. Technological Extreme Events. In Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.), Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia. 221--234.
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  19. María Binetti (2012). La decisión absoluta en el pensamiento kierkegaardiano. Areté. Revista de Filosofía 16 (1):5-18.
    El artículo se propone mostrar la originalidad de la libertad kierkegaardiana, concentrada en una decisión absoluta que determina por entero la realidad del sujeto singular existente. La decisión produce la síntesis de la existencia personal, unificando todos los elementos y dimensiones que configuran la vida humana, y armonizando las fuerzas del yo hacia la confluencia en un mismo fin, a saber, en el Ser absoluto. La unidad interior producida por la decisión es posible gracias al “salto” trascendente de la libertad, (...)
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  20. Max Black (1985). Making Intelligent Choices. Dialectica 39 (1):19-34.
    SummaryA critical outline, primarily for non‐professionals, of some leading ideas and normative implications of “Bayesian Decision Theory”.Violations of the postulated transitivity of the chooser's preference relation are not necessarily symptoms of irrationality. Indeed, the overall normative constraint of “consistency” is too restrictive a guide for many real‐life choices. Rational choice might perhaps be more usefully conceived as an informal art, rather than as the pursuit, in Bayesian style, of maximal expected utility.RésuméUne description critique, destinée avant tout aux non‐professionnels, de quelques (...)
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  21. Pavlo Blavatskyy (2006). Error Propagation in the Elicitation of Utility and Probability Weighting Functions. Theory and Decision 60 (2-3):315-334.
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  22. Pavlo R. Blavatskyy (2014). Stronger Utility. Theory and Decision 76 (2):265-286.
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  23. Giacomo Bonanno, Benedikt Löwe & Wiebe Hoek (eds.) (2010). Logic and the Foundations of Game and Decision Theory €“ Loft 8. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
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  24. Jean-Francois Bonnefon, Didier Dubois & Hélène Fargier (2008). An Overview of Bipolar Qualitative Decision Rules. In Giacomo Della Riccia, Didier Dubois & Hans-Joachim Lenz (eds.), Preferences and Similarities. Springer. 47--73.
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  25. Luc Bovens & Marc Fleurbaey (2012). Evaluating Life or Death Prospects. Economics and Philosophy 28 (2):217-249.
    We consider a special set of risky prospects in which the outcomes are either life or death . There are various alternatives to the utilitarian objective of minimizing the expected loss of lives in such prospects. We start off with the two-person case with independent risks and construct taxonomies of ex ante and ex post evaluations for such prospects. We examine the relationship between the ex ante and the ex post in this restrictive framework: There are more possibilities to respect (...)
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  26. William N. Boyer, Henry A. Cross & Carol Anderson (1974). Quality Reward Preference in the Rat. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (5):332-334.
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  27. J. Bransen (1998). Schick F.-Making Choices. Philosophical Books 39:135-136.
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  28. John Broome (1992). Review of Hard Choices. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 8:169-176.
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  29. Irwin D. J. Bross (1953). Design for Decision. New York, Macmillan.
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  30. Raymond H. Burros (1974). Axiomatic Analysis of Non-Transitivity of Preference and of Indifference. Theory and Decision 5 (2):185-204.
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  31. Eduardo Cadava (1994). Toward Iand Athics of Decision. Diacritics 24 (4):4-29.
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  32. John Canfield (1962). Knowing About Future Decisions. Analysis 22 (6):127 - 129.
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  33. Marco Castellani (2013). Alfred Schutz and Herbert Simon: Can Their Action Theories Work Together? Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (4):383-404.
    This paper combines Alfred Shultz and Herbert Simon's theories of action in order to understand the grey area between dynamic and completely unstructured decision making better. As a result I have put together a specific scheme of how choice elements are represented from an agent's personal experience, so as to create a bridge between the phenomenological and cognitive-procedural approaches of decision making. I first look at the key points of their original models relating Alfred Schutz's “provinces of meaning” and Herbert (...)
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  34. Eric M. Cave (1998). Habituation and Rational Preference Revision. Dialogue 37 (02):219-.
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  35. Hsiang‐Ke Chao (2007). A Structure of the Consumption Function. Journal of Economic Methodology 14 (2):227-248.
    It is claimed in the structural realism in philosophy of science that scientists aim to preserve the true structure, represented by the equations in their models. We reinterpret structural realism as a doctrine involving representation. Proving the existence of a representation theorem secures the problem of lacking independent criteria for identification between structure and non?structure. This paper argues that a similar realist view of structure can be found in the theory of consumption in which the Fisherian framework of intertemporal choices (...)
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  36. Rolando Chuaqui & Jerome Malitz (1991). The Geometry of Legal Principles. Theory and Decision 30 (1):27-49.
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  37. Sabine Cikic & Julian R. Kücklich (2011). What FarmVille Can Teach Us About Cooperative Workflows and Architectures. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 41 (2):18-31.
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  38. Amedeo G. Conte (1966). Décision, Complétude, Clôture. Logique Et Analyse 9:1-18.
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  39. Mikaël Cozic (2011). Non-Bayesian Decision Theory. Beliefs and Desires as Reasons for Action, Martin Peterson. Theory and Decision Library, Springer, 2008. Ix + 170 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):53-59.
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  40. Carl F. Craver & Anna Alexandrova (2008). No Revolution Necessary: Neural Mechanisms for Economics. Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):381-406.
    We argue that neuroeconomics should be a mechanistic science. We defend this view as preferable both to a revolutionary perspective, according to which classical economics is eliminated in favour of neuroeconomics, and to a classical economic perspective, according to which economics is insulated from facts about psychology and neuroscience. We argue that, like other mechanistic sciences, neuroeconomics will earn its keep to the extent that it either reconfigures how economists think about decision-making or how neuroscientists think about brain mechanisms underlying (...)
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  41. Donald Davidson (1985). A New Basis for Decision Theory. Theory and Decision 18 (1):87-98.
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  42. Donald Davidson & Patrick Suppes (1957). Decision Making: An Experimental Approach. Stanford University Press.
    PREVIOUS WORK Theoretical discussion of the interval measurement of utility based upon theories of decision making under conditions of risk has been voluminous and will not be reviewed here. Those interested will find extensive ...
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  43. John Davis & Wade Hands (2013). Introduction: Methodology, Systemic Risk, and the Economics Profession. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (1):1 - 5.
    (2013). Introduction: Methodology, systemic risk, and the economics profession. Journal of Economic Methodology: Vol. 20, Methodology, Systemic Risk, and the Economics Profession, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.1080/1350178X.2013.774842.
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  44. Jelle de Boer (2012). A Strawson–Lewis Defence of Social Preferences. Economics and Philosophy 28 (3):291-310.
    This paper examines a special kind of social preference, namely a preference to do one's part in a mixed-motive setting because the other party expects one to do so. I understand this expectation-based preference as a basic reactive attitude . Given this, and the fact that expectations in these circumstances are likely to be based on other people's preferences, I argue that in cooperation a special kind of equilibrium ensues, which I call a loop, with people's preferences and expectations mutually (...)
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  45. Igor Douven & Jan-Willem Romeijn (2007). The Discursive Dilemma as a Lottery Paradox. Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):301-319.
    List and Pettit have stated an impossibility theorem about the aggregation of individual opinion states. Building on recent work on the lottery paradox, this paper offers a variation on that result. The present result places different constraints on the voting agenda and the domain of profiles, but it covers a larger class of voting rules, which need not satisfy the proposition-wise independence of votes.
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  46. Jean-Frangois BonnefonlL Didier Duboisi & Hélene Fargierf (2008). An Overview of Bipolar Qualitative Decision Rules. In Giacomo Della Riccia, Didier Dubois & Hans-Joachim Lenz (eds.), Preferences and Similarities. Springer. 47.
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  47. Simone Duca, State-Minimax Regret: A New Strategy for Decision Making Under Ignorance.
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  48. David Estlund (1996). Democracy & Decision: The Pure Theory of Electoral Preference, Geoffery Brennan and Loren Lomasky. Cambridge University Press, 1993, 225 + X Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 12 (01):113-.
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  49. Marisa Faggini, Concetto Paolo Vinci, Antonio Abatemarco, Rossella Aiello, F. T. Arecchi, Lucio Biggiero, Giovanna Bimonte, Sergio Bruno, Carl Chiarella, Maria Pia Di Gregorio, Giacomo Di Tollo, Simone Giansante, Jaime Gil Aluja, A. I͡U Khrennikov, Marianna Lyra, Riccardo Meucci, Guglielmo Monaco, Giancarlo Nota, Serena Sordi, Pietro Terna, Kumaraswamy Velupillai & Alessandro Vercelli (eds.) (2010). Decision Theory and Choices: A Complexity Approach. Springer Verlag Italia.
    The New Economic Windows Series, derived from Massimo Salzano's ideas and work, incorporates material from textbooks, monographs and conference proceedings that deals with both the theoretical and applied aspects of various sub-disciplines ...
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  50. Helga Fehr-Duda, Manuele De Gennaro & Renate Schubert (2006). Gender, Financial Risk, and Probability Weights. Theory and Decision 60 (2-3):283-313.
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1 — 50 / 1997