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  1. Roberto Abadie, Audrey J. Weymiller, Jon Tilburt, Nilay D. Shah, Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Victor M. Montori (2009). Clinician's Use of the Statin Choice Decision Aid in Patients with Diabetes: A Videographic Study Nested in a Randomized Trial. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):492-497.
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  2. Quarraisha Abdool Karim & Ronald Bayer (2013). Anti‐Retrovirals for Treatment and Prevention – Time for New Paradigms in Our Response to the HIV/AIDS Epidemic? Developing World Bioethics 13 (2):ii-iii.
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  3. Tineke A. Abma (2005). Struggling with the Fragility of Life: A Relational-Narrative Approach to Ethics in Palliative Nursing. Nursing Ethics 12 (4):337-348.
    In nursing ethics the role of narratives and dialogue has become more prominent in recent years. The purpose of this article is to illuminate a relational-narrative approach to ethics in the context of palliative nursing. The case study presented concerns a difficult relationship between oncology nurses and a husband whose wife was hospitalized with cancer. The husband’s narrative is an expression of depression, social isolation and the loss of hope. He found no meaning in the process of dying and death. (...)
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  4. Tineke A. Abma, Barth Oeseburg, Guy Am Widdershoven, Minke Goldsteen & Marian A. Verkerk (2005). Two Women with Multiple Sclerosis and Their Caregivers: Conflicting Normative Expectations. Nursing Ethics 12 (5):479-492.
    It is not uncommon that nurses are unable to meet the normative expectations of chronically ill patients. The purpose of this article is to describe and illustrate Walker’s expressive-collaborative view of morality to interpret the normative expectations of two women with multiple sclerosis. Both women present themselves as autonomous persons who make their own choices, but who also have to rely on others for many aspects of their lives, for example, to find a new balance between work and social contacts (...)
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  5. Tineke Abma, Anne Bruijn, Tinie Kardol, Jos Schols & Guy Widdershoven (2012). Responsibilities in Elderly Care: Mr Powell's Narrative of Duty and Relations. Bioethics 26 (1):22-31.
    In Western countries a considerable number of older people move to a residential home when their health declines. Institutionalization often results in increased dependence, inactivity and loss of identity or self-worth (dignity). This raises the moral question as to how older, institutionalized people can remain autonomous as far as continuing to live in line with their own values is concerned. Following Walker's meta-ethical framework on the assignment of responsibilities, we suggest that instead of directing all older people towards more autonomy (...)
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  6. J. Adams (1992). Predictive Testing for Huntington Disease-Response. Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):48-48.
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  7. S. T. Adams & S. H. Leveson (2011). Should Blood-Borne Virus Testing Be Part of Operative Consent? When the Doctor Becomes the Patient. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (8):476-478.
    Point-of-care testing (POCT) is a sensitive, specific and rapid form of testing for the presence of HIV antibodies. Post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV infection can reduce seroconversion rates by up to 80%. Needlestick injuries are the second commonest cause of occupational injury in the NHS and 20% of these occur during operations. In the NHS, in order to protect staff and patients from the risk of bloodborne viruses such as HIV, it is mandatory to report such injuries; however, numerous studies have (...)
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  8. M. W. Adler (1991). HIV, Confidentiality and 'a Delicate Balance': A Reply to Leone Ridsdale. Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (4):196-198.
    The passing on of information to GPs by genito-urinary doctors is to be encouraged but is not always possible and ultimately the patient's wishes and confidentiality must be respected if sexually transmitted diseases and HIV infection are to be controlled. Infected health-care workers should seek counselling and medical support and clear guidelines from professional organisations which are in existence. However, they will only do so if strict confidentiality is maintained and assurance about future employment can be given.
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  9. Muhammed Afolabi (2015). Situating the Trovan Trial With the Use of Experimental Ebola Therapies Is Like Comparing an Apple With an Orange. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):19-20.
    I read with great bewilderment the unconvincing arguments of Peter F. Omonzejele in his article “Ethical Challenges Posed by the Ebola Virus Epidemic in West Africa” published in the 11 issue of the Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. While the author glaringly mixed up anthropological issues concerning the hygiene of hand-washing and safe burials in an article with a title clearly focused on ethical challenges, he failed to establish how the current Ebola epidemic ravaging some West Africa countries made these human (...)
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  10. A. Agard, R. Lofmark, N. Edvardsson & I. Ekman (2007). Views of Patients with Heart Failure About Their Role in the Decision to Start Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Treatment: Prescription Rather Than Participation. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (9):514-518.
    Background: There is a shortage of reports on what potential recipients of implantable cardioverter–defibrillators need to be informed about and what role they can and want to play in the decision-making process when it comes to whether or not to implant an ICD.Aims: To explore how patients with heart failure and previous episodes of malignant arrhythmia experience and view their role in the decision to initiate ICD treatment.Patients and methods: A qualitative content analysis of semistructured interviews was used. The study (...)
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  11. Cristina Amoretti, Marcello Frixione, Antonio Lieto & Greta Adamo (forthcoming). Ontologies, Disorders and Prototypes. In Proceedings of IACAP 2016.
    As it emerged from philosophical analyses and cognitive research, most concepts exhibit typicality effects, and resist to the efforts of defining them in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. This holds also in the case of many medical concepts. This is a problem for the design of computer science ontologies, since knowledge representation formalisms commonly adopted in this field (such as, in the first place, the Web Ontology Language - OWL) do not allow for the representation of concepts in terms (...)
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  12. Warwick Anderson, Myles Jackson & Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz (1994). Toward an Unnatural History of Immunology. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):575 - 594.
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  13. Jonny Anomaly (2014). What is an Epidemic? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 42 (3):389-391.
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  14. Jonny Anomaly (2012). Is Obesity a Public Health Problem? Public Health Ethics 5 (3):216-221.
    It is often claimed that there is an obesity epidemic in affluent countries, and that obesity is one of the most serious public health threats in the developed world. I will argue that obesity is not an 'epidemic' in any useful sense of the word, and that classifying it as a public health problem requires us to make fairly controversial moral and empirical assumptions. While evidence suggests that the prevalence of obesity is on the rise, and that obesity can lead (...)
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  15. Marco Antonio Azevedo (2015). Health as a Clinic-Epidemiological Concept. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):365-373.
    I propose a clinic-epidemiological concept of health as the best description of what physicians actually think about health within medical practice. Its aim is to be an alternative to the best approach in the philosophy of medicine about health, Christopher Boorse’s biostatistical theory. Contrary to Boorse’s ‘theoretical’ approach, I propose to take health as a practical clinical concept. In the first two parts of the paper, I will present my complaints against Boorse’s view that health is a theoretical concept, a (...)
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  16. Nazneen Aziz (1995). Animal Models of Polycystic Kidney Disease. Bioessays 17 (8):703-712.
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  17. G. F. Azzone (1996). The Disease: Evolutionary, Thermodynamical and Historical Aspect'. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17:83-106.
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  18. Susan J. Baigent & John W. McCauley (2003). Influenza Type A in Humans, Mammals and Birds: Determinants of Virus Virulence, Host‐Range and Interspecies Transmission. Bioessays 25 (7):657-671.
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  19. Stuart G. Baker (2011). TOFT Better Explains Experimental Results in Cancer Research Than SMT (Comment on DOI 10.1002/Bies. 201100025 and DOI 10.1002/Bies. 201100022). [REVIEW] Bioessays 33 (12):919-921.
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  20. Rosangela Barcaro (2014). L'invention des maladies à but lucratif [On disease mongering]. Arc En Ciel. La Revue de Nouveaux Droits de L’Homme (72):24-25.
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  21. Donald B. Barkan & Elliot L. Sagall (1974). Pulmonary Embolism and Sudden Death. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 2 (2):1-9.
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  22. Barbara Bates & Paul Weindling (1995). Bargaining For Life. A Social History of Tuberculosis, 1876-1938. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
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  23. Eva Becsei-Kilborn (2010). Scientific Discovery and Scientific Reputation: The Reception of Peyton Rous' Discovery of the Chicken Sarcoma Virus. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):111 - 157.
    This article concerns itself with the reception of Rous' 1911 discovery of what later came to be known as the Rous Sarcoma Virus (RSV). Rous made his discovery at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research which had been primarily established to conduct research into infectious diseases. Rous' chance discovery of a chicken tumor led him to a series of conjectures about cancer causation and about whether cancer could have an extrinsic cause. Rous' finding was received with some scepticism by the (...)
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  24. Theodore M. Benditt (2007). Normality, Disease, and Enhancement. In Harold Kincaid & Jennifer McKitrick (eds.), Establishing Medical Reality: Essays in the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Biomedical Science. Springer 13-21.
    The vagueness or imprecision of ‘the normal’ allows it to be exploited for various purposes and political ends. It is conspicuous in both medicine and athletics; I am going to try to say something about the normal in each of these areas. In medicine the idea of the normal is often deployed in understanding what constitutes disease and hence, as some see it, in determining the role of physicians, in determining what is or ought to be covered by insurance, and (...)
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  25. Andrew Benjamin (2007). What If the Other Were an Animal? Hegel on Jews, Animals and Disease. Critical Horizons 8 (1):61-77.
    The question of the other appears to be a uniquely human concern. Engagement with the nature of alterity and the quality of the other are philosophical projects that commence with an assumed anthropocentrism. This anthropocentrism will be pursued by way of Hegel's discussion of "disease" in his Philosophy of Nature. Disease is implicitly bound up with race, racial identity and animality, and provides an opening to the question: what if the other were an animal? Any answer to this question should (...)
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  26. Simon Bennett & Jenny Taylor (1999). Human Disease Mapping. Bioessays 21 (11):979-980.
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  27. Douglas E. Berg & Robert P. H. Logan (1997). Helicobacter Pylori, Individual Host Specificity and Human Disease. European Helicobacter Study Group Meeting, Copenhagen, October 16–19, 1996. [REVIEW] Bioessays 19 (1):86-90.
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  28. R. Betabert, T. B. Sherer & J. T. Greenamyre (2002). Animal Models of Parkinson's Diseases. Bioessays 24:308-318.
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  29. László Bodai & J. Lawrence Marsh (2012). A Novel Target for Huntington's Disease: ERK at the Crossroads of Signaling. Bioessays 34 (2):142-148.
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  30. Massimiliano Bonafè, Gianluca Storci & Claudio Franceschi (2012). Inflamm‐Aging of the Stem Cell Niche: Breast Cancer as a Paradigmatic Example. Bioessays 34 (1):40-49.
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  31. Christopher Boorse (1977). Health as a Theoretical Concept. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
    This paper argues that the medical conception of health as absence of disease is a value-free theoretical notion. Its main elements are biological function and statistical normality, in contrast to various other ideas prominent in the literature on health. Apart from universal environmental injuries, diseases are internal states that depress a functional ability below species-typical levels. Health as freedom from disease is then statistical normality of function, i.e., the ability to perform all typical physiological functions with at least typical efficiency. (...)
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  32. Lisa Bortolotti (2012). Rationality and Sanity. In Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press
    Chapter discussing the relationship between rationality and sanity.
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  33. Lisa Bortolotti (ed.) (2008). The Philosophy of Happiness. Palgrave.
    Philosophy and Happiness addresses the need to situate any meaningful discourse about happiness in a wider context of human interests, capacities and circumstances. How is happiness manifested and expressed? Can there be any happiness if no worthy life projects are pursued? How is happiness affected by relationships, illness, or cultural variants? Can it be reduced to preference satisfaction? Is it a temporary feeling or a persistent way of being? Is reflection conducive to happiness? Is mortality necessary for it? These are (...)
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  34. Karen Brown (2011). Rabid Epidemiologies: The Emergence and Resurgence of Rabies in Twentieth Century South Africa. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (1):81 - 101.
    This article discusses the history of rabies in South Africa since the early twentieth century. It argues that rabies is a zoonotic disease that traverses rural and urban spaces, that transfers itself between wild and domestic animals and remains a potential threat to human life in the region. Scientists discovered an indigenous form of rabies, found primarily in the yellow mongoose, after the first biomedically confirmed human fatalities in 1928. Since the 1950s canine rabies, presumed to have moved southwards from (...)
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  35. Tommaso Bruni & Charles Weijer (2015). A Misunderstanding Concerning Futility. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):59-60.
    It is a comment on Geppert about the concept of futility in cases of treatment-resistant anorexia nervosa.
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  36. A. Cadeddu (1985). Pasteur and Fowl Cholera: Critical Review of a Historical Account]. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 7 (1).
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  37. George F. Cahill (1985). Challenges: Diabetes - A Multidisciplinary Riddle. Bioessays 2 (2):82-83.
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  38. Vanessa Carbonell (2014). How to Put Prescription Drug Ads on Your Syllabus. Teaching Philosophy 37 (3):295-319.
    The purpose of this essay is to make the case that the ethical issues raised by the current U.S. practice of direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising are worthy of study in philosophy courses, and to provide instructors with some ideas for how they might approach teaching the topic, despite the current relative scarcity of philosophical literature published on it. This topic presents a unique opportunity to cover ground in ethics, critical thinking, and scientific literacy simultaneously. As a case study, the practice (...)
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  39. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2010). Foundations for a Realist Ontology of Mental Disease. Journal of Biomedical Semantics 1 (10):1-23.
    While classifications of mental disorders have existed for over one hundred years, it still remains unspecified what terms such as 'mental disorder', 'disease' and 'illness' might actually denote. While ontologies have been called in aid to address this shortfall since the GALEN project of the early 1990s, most attempts thus far have sought to provide a formal description of the structure of some pre-existing terminology or classification, rather than of the corresponding structures and processes on the side of the patient. (...)
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  40. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2010). Malaria Diagnosis and the Plasmodium Life Cycle: The BFO Perspective. In Interdisciplinary Ontology. Proceedings of the Third Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting. Keio University Press
    Definitive diagnosis of malaria requires the demonstration through laboratory tests of the presence within the patient of malaria parasites or their components. Since malaria parasites can be present even in the absence of malaria manifestations, and since symptoms of malaria can be manifested even in the absence of malaria parasites, malaria diagnosis raises important issues for the adequate understanding of disease, etiology and diagnosis. One approach to the resolution of these issues adopts a realist view, according to which the needed (...)
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  41. Duncan J. Clarke (2011). Are Tumor Cells Protected From Some Anti‐Cancer Drugs by Elevated APC/C Activity?(Comment on DOI: 10.1002/Bies. 201100094). [REVIEW] Bioessays 33 (12):898-898.
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  42. James A. Coffman (2005). On Reductionism, Organicism, Somatic Mutations and Cancer. Bioessays 27 (4):459-459.
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  43. Eileen Crist & Alfred I. Tauber (1997). Debating Humoral Immunity and Epistemology: The Rivalry of the Immunochemists Jules Bordet and Paul Ehrlich. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):321 - 356.
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  44. M. Cucchiarini (2012). Recombinant AAV Vectors as Tools to Study and Treat Human Disorders. Orthop Muscul Syst 1: E109. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0533.1000 E109 Page 2 of 3 Volume 1• Issue 5• 1000e109 Orthop Muscul Syst ISSN: 2161-0533 OMCR, an Open Access Journal 3. Berns KL, Linden RM (1995) The Cryptic Life Style of Adeno-Associated Virus. [REVIEW] Bioessays 17:237-245.
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  45. Patrick R. Daly (2009). A Theory of Health Science and the Healing Arts Based on the Philosophy of Bernard Lonergan. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):147-160.
    This paper represents a preliminary investigation relating Bernard Lonergan’s thought to health science and the healing arts. First, I provide background for basic elements of Lonergan’s theoretical terminology that I employ. As inquiry is the engine of Lonergan’s method, next I specify two questions that underlie medical insights and define several terms, including health, disease, and illness, in relation to these questions. Then I expand the frame of reference to include all disciplines involved in the cycle of clinical interaction under (...)
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  46. Satgé Daniel (2011). On Somatic Mutations and Tissue Fields in Cancer. Bioessays 33 (12):922-923.
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  47. Marie Darrason (2013). Unifying Diseases From a Genetic Point of View: The Example of the Genetic Theory of Infectious Diseases. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):327-344.
    In the contemporary biomedical literature, every disease is considered genetic. This extension of the concept of genetic disease is usually interpreted either in a trivial or genocentrist sense, but it is never taken seriously as the expression of a genetic theory of disease. However, a group of French researchers defend the idea of a genetic theory of infectious diseases. By identifying four common genetic mechanisms (Mendelian predisposition to multiple infections, Mendelian predisposition to one infection, and major gene and polygenic predispositions), (...)
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  48. Monireh Dashti, Maikel P. Peppelenbosch & Farhad Rezaee (2012). Hedgehog Signalling as an Antagonist of Ageing and its Associated Diseases. Bioessays 34 (10):849-856.
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  49. Gaëlle Debret, Camille Jung, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Leigh Pascoe, Jean-Marc Victor & Annick Lesne (2011). Genetic Susceptibility to a Complex Disease: The Key Role of Functional Redundancy. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4).
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  50. Michael J. Deem (2016). An Accessibility Constraint on Parental Refusal of Critical Newborn Screening. American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):24-26.
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