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  1. Roberto Abadie, Audrey J. Weymiller, Jon Tilburt, Nilay D. Shah, Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Victor M. Montori (2009). Clinician's Use of the Statin Choice Decision Aid in Patients with Diabetes: A Videographic Study Nested in a Randomized Trial. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):492-497.
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  2. Warwick Anderson, Myles Jackson & Barbara Gutmann Rosenkrantz (1994). Toward an Unnatural History of Immunology. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):575 - 594.
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  3. Jonny Anomaly (2014). What is an Epidemic? Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42.
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  4. Nazneen Aziz (1995). Animal Models of Polycystic Kidney Disease. Bioessays 17 (8):703-712.
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  5. G. F. Azzone (1996). The Disease: Evolutionary, Thermodynamical and Historical Aspect'. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17:83-106.
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  6. Susan J. Baigent & John W. McCauley (2003). Influenza Type A in Humans, Mammals and Birds: Determinants of Virus Virulence, Host‐Range and Interspecies Transmission. Bioessays 25 (7):657-671.
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  7. Stuart G. Baker (2011). TOFT Better Explains Experimental Results in Cancer Research Than SMT (Comment on DOI 10.1002/Bies. 201100025 and DOI 10.1002/Bies. 201100022). [REVIEW] Bioessays 33 (12):919-921.
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  8. Donald B. Barkan & Elliot L. Sagall (1974). Pulmonary Embolism and Sudden Death. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 2 (2):1-9.
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  9. Barbara Bates & Paul Weindling (1995). Bargaining For Life. A Social History of Tuberculosis, 1876-1938. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
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  10. Eva Becsei-Kilborn (2010). Scientific Discovery and Scientific Reputation: The Reception of Peyton Rous' Discovery of the Chicken Sarcoma Virus. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):111 - 157.
    This article concerns itself with the reception of Rous' 1911 discovery of what later came to be known as the Rous Sarcoma Virus (RSV). Rous made his discovery at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research which had been primarily established to conduct research into infectious diseases. Rous' chance discovery of a chicken tumor led him to a series of conjectures about cancer causation and about whether cancer could have an extrinsic cause. Rous' finding was received with some scepticism by the (...)
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  11. Andrew Benjamin (2007). What If the Other Were an Animal? Hegel on Jews, Animals and Disease. Critical Horizons 8 (1):61-77.
    The question of the other appears to be a uniquely human concern. Engagement with the nature of alterity and the quality of the other are philosophical projects that commence with an assumed anthropocentrism. This anthropocentrism will be pursued by way of Hegel's discussion of "disease" in his Philosophy of Nature. Disease is implicitly bound up with race, racial identity and animality, and provides an opening to the question: what if the other were an animal? Any answer to this question should (...)
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  12. Simon Bennett & Jenny Taylor (1999). Human Disease Mapping. Bioessays 21 (11):979-980.
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  13. Douglas E. Berg & Robert P. H. Logan (1997). Helicobacter Pylori, Individual Host Specificity and Human Disease. European Helicobacter Study Group Meeting, Copenhagen, October 16–19, 1996. [REVIEW] Bioessays 19 (1):86-90.
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  14. R. Betabert, T. B. Sherer & J. T. Greenamyre (2002). Animal Models of Parkinson's Diseases. Bioessays 24:308-318.
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  15. László Bodai & J. Lawrence Marsh (2012). A Novel Target for Huntington's Disease: ERK at the Crossroads of Signaling. Bioessays 34 (2):142-148.
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  16. Massimiliano Bonafè, Gianluca Storci & Claudio Franceschi (2012). Inflamm‐Aging of the Stem Cell Niche: Breast Cancer as a Paradigmatic Example. Bioessays 34 (1):40-49.
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  17. Christopher Boorse (1977). Health as a Theoretical Concept. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):542-573.
    This paper argues that the medical conception of health as absence of disease is a value-free theoretical notion. Its main elements are biological function and statistical normality, in contrast to various other ideas prominent in the literature on health. Apart from universal environmental injuries, diseases are internal states that depress a functional ability below species-typical levels. Health as freedom from disease is then statistical normality of function, i.e., the ability to perform all typical physiological functions with at least typical efficiency. (...)
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  18. Lisa Bortolotti (forthcoming). Rationality and Sanity. In Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press.
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  19. Lisa Bortolotti (ed.) (2008). The Philosophy of Happiness. Palgrave.
    Philosophy and Happiness addresses the need to situate any meaningful discourse about happiness in a wider context of human interests, capacities and circumstances. How is happiness manifested and expressed? Can there be any happiness if no worthy life projects are pursued? How is happiness affected by relationships, illness, or cultural variants? Can it be reduced to preference satisfaction? Is it a temporary feeling or a persistent way of being? Is reflection conducive to happiness? Is mortality necessary for it? These are (...)
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  20. Karen Brown (2011). Rabid Epidemiologies: The Emergence and Resurgence of Rabies in Twentieth Century South Africa. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 44 (1):81 - 101.
    This article discusses the history of rabies in South Africa since the early twentieth century. It argues that rabies is a zoonotic disease that traverses rural and urban spaces, that transfers itself between wild and domestic animals and remains a potential threat to human life in the region. Scientists discovered an indigenous form of rabies, found primarily in the yellow mongoose, after the first biomedically confirmed human fatalities in 1928. Since the 1950s canine rabies, presumed to have moved southwards from (...)
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  21. A. Cadeddu (1985). Pasteur and Fowl Cholera: Critical Review of a Historical Account]. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 7 (1).
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  22. George F. Cahill (1985). Challenges: Diabetes - A Multidisciplinary Riddle. Bioessays 2 (2):82-83.
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  23. Vanessa Carbonell (forthcoming). How to Put Prescription Drug Ads on Your Syllabus. Teaching Philosophy 37 (3).
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  24. Werner Ceusters & Barry Smith (2010). Malaria Diagnosis and the Plasmodium Life Cycle: The BFO Perspective. In Interdisciplinary Ontology. Proceedings of the Third Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting. Keio University Press.
    Definitive diagnosis of malaria requires the demonstration through laboratory tests of the presence within the patient of malaria parasites or their components. Since malaria parasites can be present even in the absence of malaria manifestations, and since symptoms of malaria can be manifested even in the absence of malaria parasites, malaria diagnosis raises important issues for the adequate understanding of disease, etiology and diagnosis. One approach to the resolution of these issues adopts a realist view, according to which the needed (...)
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  25. Duncan J. Clarke (2011). Are Tumor Cells Protected From Some Anti‐Cancer Drugs by Elevated APC/C Activity?(Comment on DOI: 10.1002/Bies. 201100094). [REVIEW] Bioessays 33 (12):898-898.
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  26. James A. Coffman (2005). On Reductionism, Organicism, Somatic Mutations and Cancer. Bioessays 27 (4):459-459.
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  27. Eileen Crist & Alfred I. Tauber (1997). Debating Humoral Immunity and Epistemology: The Rivalry of the Immunochemists Jules Bordet and Paul Ehrlich. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):321 - 356.
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  28. M. Cucchiarini (2012). Recombinant AAV Vectors as Tools to Study and Treat Human Disorders. Orthop Muscul Syst 1: E109. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0533.1000 E109 Page 2 of 3 Volume 1• Issue 5• 1000e109 Orthop Muscul Syst ISSN: 2161-0533 OMCR, an Open Access Journal 3. Berns KL, Linden RM (1995) The Cryptic Life Style of Adeno-Associated Virus. [REVIEW] Bioessays 17:237-245.
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  29. Satgé Daniel (2011). On Somatic Mutations and Tissue Fields in Cancer. Bioessays 33 (12):922-923.
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  30. Marie Darrason (2013). Unifying Diseases From a Genetic Point of View: The Example of the Genetic Theory of Infectious Diseases. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (4):327-344.
    In the contemporary biomedical literature, every disease is considered genetic. This extension of the concept of genetic disease is usually interpreted either in a trivial or genocentrist sense, but it is never taken seriously as the expression of a genetic theory of disease. However, a group of French researchers defend the idea of a genetic theory of infectious diseases. By identifying four common genetic mechanisms (Mendelian predisposition to multiple infections, Mendelian predisposition to one infection, and major gene and polygenic predispositions), (...)
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  31. Monireh Dashti, Maikel P. Peppelenbosch & Farhad Rezaee (2012). Hedgehog Signalling as an Antagonist of Ageing and its Associated Diseases. Bioessays 34 (10):849-856.
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  32. Gaëlle Debret, Camille Jung, Jean-Pierre Hugot, Leigh Pascoe, Jean-Marc Victor & Annick Lesne (2011). Genetic Susceptibility to a Complex Disease: The Key Role of Functional Redundancy. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (4).
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  33. Teresa Gómez del Pulgar, Salvador A. Benitah, Pilar F. Valerón, Carolina Espina & Juan Carlos Lacal (2005). Rho GTPase Expression in Tumourigenesis: Evidence for a Significant Link. Bioessays 27 (6):602-613.
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  34. Robert B. Dickson, Macro M. Gottardis & Glenn T. Merlino (1991). Molecular Insights Into Breast Cancer From Transgenic Mouse Models. Bioessays 13 (11):591-596.
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  35. Wolfgang U. Eckart (2002). 100 Years of Organized Cancer Research. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):553-553.
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  36. Cathrine K. Fog, Giorgio G. Galli & Anders H. Lund (2012). PRDM Proteins: Important Players in Differentiation and Disease. Bioessays 34 (1):50-60.
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  37. Steven A. Frank & Martin A. Nowak (2004). Problems of Somatic Mutation and Cancer. Bioessays 26 (3):291-299.
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  38. Errol C. Friedberg (2001). Hot News: Temperature-Sensitive Humans Explain Hereditary Disease. Bioessays 23 (8):671-673.
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  39. Steven M. Frisch (1997). The Epithelial Cell Default-Phenotype Hypothesis and its Implications for Cancer. Bioessays 19 (8):705-709.
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  40. Philip Gerrans (2003). Nativism and Neuroconstructivism in the Explanation of Williams Syndrome. Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):41-52.
    Nativists about syntactic processing have argued that linguisticprocessing, understood as the implementation of a rule-basedcomputational architecture, is spared in Williams syndrome, (WMS)subjects – and hence that it provides evidence for a geneticallyspecified language module. This argument is bolstered by treatingSpecific Language Impairments (SLI) and WMS as a developmental doubledissociation which identifies a syntax module. Neuroconstructivists haveargued that the cognitive deficits of a developmental disorder cannot beadequately distinguished using the standard gross behavioural tests ofneuropsychology and that the linguistic abilities of the (...)
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  41. Faye Marie Getz (1991). Black Death and the Silver Lining: Meaning, Continuity, and Revolutionary Change in Histories of Medieval Plague. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 24 (2):265 - 289.
    The tension between the advocates of the Black Death as the herald of a new age, and those who see plague as proof of the resiliency of medieval mentalities, is rapidly dissolving. The conflict/resolution model, with its overtones of teleology, progress, and Naturphilosophie, is proving less useful to historians of epidemiology than one emphasizing continuity, gradual change, and the stoicism of the ordinary person. Historians of the plague are gravitating more and more to an intensive study of the local impact (...)
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  42. Peter D. Gluckman, Mark A. Hanson & Alan S. Beedle (2007). Non‐Genomic Transgenerational Inheritance of Disease Risk. Bioessays 29 (2):145-154.
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  43. Albert Goldfain, Barry Smith & Lindsay G. Cowell (2011). Towards an Ontological Representation of Resistance: The Case of MRSA. Journal of Biomedical Informatics 44 (1):35-41.
    This paper addresses a family of issues surrounding the biological phenomenon of resistance and its representation in realist ontologies. The treatments of resistance terms in various existing ontologies are examined and found to be either overly narrow, internally inconsistent, or otherwise problematic. We propose a more coherent characterization of resistance in terms of what we shall call blocking dispositions, which are collections of mutually coordinated dispositions which are of such a sort that they cannot undergo simultaneous realization within a single (...)
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  44. C. Gradmann (2002). Petra Werner, Der Heiler: Tuberkuloseforscher Friedrich F. Friedmann. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3/4):532-532.
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  45. Joel S. Griffitts & Raffi V. Aroian (2005). Many Roads to Resistance: How Invertebrates Adapt to Bt Toxins. Bioessays 27 (6):614-624.
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  46. M. D. Grmek (1992). [The Concept of Emerging Disease]. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 15 (3):281-296.
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  47. Mirko D. Grmek, Virginia Berridge & Philip Strong (1994). AIDS and Contemporary History. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):339.
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  48. Mirko D. Grmek & Robert Gallo (1994). Virus Hunting. AIDS, Cancer, and the Human Retrovirus. A Story of Scientific Discovery. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):339.
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  49. Mirko D. Grmek & Robert Gallo (1994). Chasseur de virus. Cancer, sida et retrovirus humains. Le recit vecu d'une grande aventure scientifique. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):339.
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  50. Mirko D. Grmek & David McBride (1994). From TB to AIDS. Epidemics Among Urban Blacks Since 1900. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):339.
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