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  1. Kristina Blennow & Erik Persson (2013). Societal Impacts of Storm Damage. In Barry Gardiner, Andreas Schuck, Mart-Jan Schelhaas, Christophe Orazio, Kristina Blennow & Bruce Nicoll (eds.), Living with Storm Damage to Forests. European Forest Institute 70-78.
    Wind damage to forests can be divided into (1) the direct damage done to the forest and(2) indirect effects. Indirect effects may be of different kinds and may affect the environ- ment as well as society. For example, falling trees can lead to power and telecommunica- tion failures or blocking of roads. The salvage harvest of fallen trees is another example and one that involves extremely dangerous work. In this overview we provide examples of different entities, services, and activities that (...)
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  2. João Batista Drummond Câmara (2014). Reflections on the Green Economy (Redemption of the Principles of Mill and Pigou): A View of a Brazilian Environmentalist. Journal of Environmental Protection 5:1153-1168.
    The current context of global efforts in the pursuit of sustainable development can be characterized by the perception of the scientific-technological losses of ecosystems and ecosystem services and their consequences for the survival of humanity in the face of threats of imbalances in the basic conditions for survival such as food production, the environmental quality, natural control of pests and diseases, loses of biodiversity and climate changes. Some recent initiatives at global, regional and local level are pointed and some conceptual (...)
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  3. Jimena Canales (2001). Exit the Frog, Enter the Human: Physiology and Experimental Psychology in Nineteenth-Century Astronomy. British Journal for the History of Science 34 (2):173-197.
    This paper deals with one of the first attempts to measure simple reactions in humans. The Swiss astronomer Adolph Hirsch investigated personal differences in the speed of sensory transmission in order to achieve accuracy in astronomy. His controversial results, however, started an intense debate among both physiologists and astronomers who disagreed on the nature of these differences. Were they due to different eyes or brains, or to differences in skill and education? Furthermore, they debated how to eliminate them. Some, for (...)
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  4. Joachim L. Dagg, Arthur G. Tansley’s ‘New Psychology’ and its Relation to Ecology. Web Ecology 2007.
    In 1935, A. G. Tansley, who was knighted later, proposed the ecosystem concept. Nevertheless, this concept was not without predecessors. Why did Tansley’s ecosystem prevail and not one of its competitors? The purpose of this article is to pin the distinguishing features of Tansley’s ecosystem down, as far as the published record allows. It is an exercise in finding the difference that made a difference. Besides being a pioneering ecologist, Tansley was an adept of psychoanalysis. His interest even led him (...)
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  5. Glenn Dolphin & Jeff Dodick (2014). Teaching Controversies in Earth Science: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science. In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 553-599.
    The state of geoscience education, in terms of numbers of teachers, students taught, and perceived importance, has been lagging behind the other science disciplines for decades. Part of the reason for this is that geology is seen as a “derivative” science as compared to its “experimental” counterparts (for instance, physics and chemistry). However, with current global issues facing the populations of the world (climate change, scarcity of clean water, increasing fossil fuel usage), being geoscience literate is a must. We will (...)
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  6. Ross Feehan (2014). Thinking About Earth, 20 Years Later: Reconsidering Stephen Clark's Ecological Theology. Journal of Animal Ethics 4 (2):93-98,.
    This review commemorates the 20th anniversary of Stephen Clark’s explication of ecological thought. After appraising both philosophical and theological perspectives, Clark argues that society must awaken to Earth’s “Otherness.” I describe Clark’s ecological consciousness and highlight the significance of his book for 21st-century readers.
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  7. Roman Frigg (2009). A Companionable Coverage of the Philosophy of Science. Metascience 18 (1):139-142.
  8. Carrie Giunta, Blood Coltan: Remote-Controlled Warfare and the Demand for Strategic Minerals. Pambazuka.
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  9. Droh Lanciné Goné (2014). Using Graphical and Multivariate Statistical Methods for Geochemical Assessment of Groundwater Quality in Oumé Department (Côte D’Ivoire). Journal of Environmental Protection 5:1255-1265.
    The large demand for drinking water in Oumé Department in the Centre western of Cote d’Ivoire is supplied from groundwater sources. This study investigated the geochemical assessment of groundwater quality in Oumé Department by using a hydrochemical approach with graphical and self-organizing maps (SOM) neural network methods. It was carried out for identifying the hydrogeochemical processes related to groundwater quality, conducting a hydrochemical evaluation of the aquifer systems and delineating the various factors controlling the water chemistry and general suitability for (...)
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  10. Michael J. Haule (2014). Changes in Human Population Characteristics and Environmental Change in the West Matogoro Catchment Area of Songea, Tanzania. Natural Resources 5:746-760.
    The study was carried out in West Matogoro Catchment Area (WMCA) of Songea, Tanzania, to establish whether for the period between intercensal periods 1978-1988 and 1988-2002, and between 2002 and 2005 characteristics of human population of the area had changed in terms of size, age structure and sex composition. In case it did, then the study had to establish whether such changes may be used to explain the observed forest cover change that occurred in the area. Establishing whether the observed (...)
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  11. Ben Jeffares (2008). Testing Times: Confirmation in the Historical Sciences. Dissertation, Australian National University
    In this thesis, I argue that a good historical science will have the following characteristics: Firstly, it will seek to construct causal histories of the past. Secondly, the construction of these causal histories will utilise well-tested regularities of science. Additionally, well-tested regularities will secure the link between observations of physical traces and the causal events of interest. However, the historical sciences cannot use these regularities in a straightforward manner. The regularities must accommodate the idiosyncrasies of the past, and the degradation (...)
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  12. Robert Leston (2015). Deleuze, Haraway, and the Radical Democracy of Desire. Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Society, and Technology 23 (3):355-376.
    In response to suggestions that Deleuze and Guattari are the “enemy” of companion species, this essay explores the tension between Donna Haraway’s attacks against Deleuze and Guattari and their philosophy of becoming animal. The essay goes on to contextualize Deleuze and Guattari’s statements against pet-owners through a discussion of the psychoanalytical refiguration of desire and shows how their ostensible attack against pet owners fits into their larger critique against capitalism. The essay illustrates why Deleuze and Guattari and Haraway are more (...)
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  13. Francisco Fernando Noronha Marcuzzo (2014). The Optimization of Irrigation Networks Using Genetic Algorithms. JWARP 6:1124-1138.
    Mathematical-computational optimisation models of irrigation networks with a distributed flow that are capable of providing hydraulic data are important for understanding the behaviour of a system in relation to the distribution of the hydraulic head (energy) and the pressure in the pipes of the network. The objective of this study was to examine the distribution of the parameters of hydraulic irrigation pipes, which were optimised using genetic algorithms. The degree of the optimisation was evaluated with the help of the genetic (...)
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  14. F. M. Onu (2014). Competency Improvement Needs of Farmers in Soil Erosion Prevention and Control for Enhancing Crop Production: Case Study of Kogi State, Nigeria. Agricultural Sciences 5:958-963.
    This study investigated the competency improvement needs of farmers in soil erosion prevention and control for enhancing crop production in Kogi state of Nigeria and was carried out between January and June, 2014. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and was guided by two research questions. The study found out that farmers needed improvement on 37 cultural practices as follows: 10 competencies in mulching, 12 in cover cropping, 8 in strip cropping, 7 in contour farming and 45 mechanical field (...)
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  15. Rossano Pancaldi (2001). Problemi ambientali e sociali nella pianura bolognese prima dell'Unità nazionale. Quaderni Del Savena (4):49-73.
  16. Liliana Inés Picone (2014). Denitrification in a Soil Under Wheat Crop in the Humid Pampas of Argentina. Open Journal of Soil Science 4:312-322.
    The need to accurately estimate gaseous nitrogen losses from soils is required to have a better understanding of the processes involved as well as soil and environmental conditions, and management practices contributing to these emissions. The objective was to quantify the denitrification rate using undisturbed cores with acetylene, as related to nitrogen (N) fertilization rate in a spring wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L.) under conventional tillage. Soil denitrification losses remained low throughout most of the growing season, when water-filled pore space (...)
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  17. Robert J. Rovetto (2015). An Ontological Architecture for Orbital Debris Data. Earth Science Informatics:1-16.
    The orbital debris problem presents an opportunity for inter-agency and international cooperation toward the mutually beneficial goals of debris prevention, mitigation, remediation, and improved space situational awareness (SSA). Achieving these goals requires sharing orbital debris and other SSA data. Toward this, I present an ontological architecture for the orbital debris and broader SSA domain, taking steps in the creation of an orbital debris ontology (ODO). The purpose of this ontological system is to (I) represent general orbital debris and SSA domain (...)
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  18. Carl Salk, Ulrich J. Frey & Hannes Rusch (2014). Comparing Forests Across Climates and Biomes: Qualitative Assessments, Reference Forests, and Regional Inter-Comparisons. PLoS ONE 9 (4):e94800.
    Communities, policy actors and conservationists benefit from understanding what institutions and land management regimes promote ecosystem services like carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation. However, the definition of success depends on local conditions. Forests’ potential carbon stock, biodiversity, and rate of recovery following disturbance are known to vary with a broad suite of factors including temperature, precipitation, seasonality, species’ traits and land use history. Methods like forest changes over time , and comparison with 'pristine' reference forests have been proposed to compare (...)
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  19. Barry Smith (2001). True Grid. In Spatial Information Theory.
    The Renaissance architect, moral philosopher, cryptographer, mathematician, Papal adviser, painter, city planner and land surveyor Leon Battista Alberti provided the theoretical foundations of modern perspective geometry. Alberti’s work on perspective exerted a powerful influence on painters of the stature of Albrecht Dürer, Leonardo da Vinci and Piero della Francesca. But his Della pittura of 1435–36 contains also a hitherto unrecognized ontology of pictorial projection. We sketch this ontology, and show how it can be generalized to apply to representative devices in (...)
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  20. Jatna Supriatna (2014). Degradation of Primate Habitat at Tesso Nilo Forest with Special Emphasis on Riau Pale-Thighed Surili (Presbytis Siamensis Cana). Journal of Environmental Protection 5:1145-1152.
    The habitat of Riau pale-thighed surili (Presbytis siamensis cana) located in Riau province of Sumatra island between Siak in the north and Indragiri rivers in the south, has been seriously degraded in the last a few decades. This swampy peat land forest has been degraded by frequent burning during the dry season. These problems originated because of poor governance on the forest management, and the construction of two access roads by the owners of logging concessions and wood pulp plantations. This (...)
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  21. Ioannis G. Telelis (2007). Weather and Climate as Factors Affecting Land Transport and Communications in Byzantium. Byzantion 77:432-462.
    This paper focuses on weather and climate as factors affecting certain facets of human activity during the Byzantine period. Various aspects of impact that weather phenomena and climatic conditions could have upon travel, travellers and communications by land, either in short-term or in long-term context, during the Byzantine period are discussed: Were there any long-term impacts of climatic change upon communications overland? Which weather phenomena are described by the Byzantine authors as affecting people on move? What was the impact of (...)
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  22. Koshy Tharakan (2008). Science Amidst Religion: The Politics of Knowledge. Current Science 94 (6):714.
  23. Daffa Alla Mohamed Abdel Wahab (2014). Introduction of Fertigation in Sugarcane Production for Optimization of Water and Fertilizers Use. Agricultural Sciences 5:945-957.
    A fertigation experiment was conducted during 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 seasons under com-mercial field conditions in Kenana Sugar Scheme, Sudan (latitude 13.10’N and longitude 32.40’E) in heavy clay soils, with 65% clay, 24% silt, 11% sand and pH 7.5 - 8.5. The primary objective of this study was to compare different strategies for timing of injection, to develop management practices on the efficient use of water and fertilizers in production of sugarcane, maximize yield, and improve quality. In both seasons four treatments (...)
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