About this topic
Summary

Philosophers working on the emotions are interested in answering the following kinds of questions:

What are emotions? Are they thoughts, feelings, perceptual or quasi-perceptual states, or something else? Or perhaps they are combination of all these things? Do emotions form a natural class? Are emotions natural kinds? Are emotions in some sense ‘socially constructed’?

What emotions are there? Is love an emotion? How about Schadenfreude? Are moods emotions? What about so-called moral or aesthetic or religious emotions? Are these emotions proper? Again, how are different emotions to be characterized? What distinguishes them from one another?

What is the relationship between emotion and reason? Can emotions be evaluated for their rationality? Or are emotions non-rational mental states? Do we need emotions in order to be ‘rational’?

Closely related to the last few questions, what is the nature of the relationship between emotion and morality? Are emotions needed to have insight into the evaluate realm? Can a person who lacks certain emotional capacities be a moral agent? How might emotion be important for understanding character, vice and virtue? How might emotion be a hindrance to morality?

Each of the emotion subcategories contains details of work on the emotions that is devoted to answering and shedding light on the above sorts of questions, along with many others.

  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Emotions
3542 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Order:
1 — 50 / 3542
Material to categorize
  1. J. A. A. Abe & D. Schultz (2015). Introduction: Special Section to Honor Carroll Izard. Emotion Review 7 (2):101-103.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. R. B. Adams, U. Hess & R. E. Kleck (2015). The Intersection of Gender-Related Facial Appearance and Facial Displays of Emotion. Emotion Review 7 (1):5-13.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. Rodolfo Ahumada (1969). Emotion, Knowledge and Belief. Personalist 50 (3):371-382.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. George Ainslie (2006). What Good Are Facts? The “Drug” Value of Money as an Exemplar of All Non-Instrumental Value. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):176-177.
    An emotional value for money is clearly demonstrable beyond its value for getting goods, but this value need not be ascribed to human preparedness for altruism or play. Emotion is a motivated process, and our temptation to “overgraze” positive emotions selects for emotional patterns that are paced by adequately rare occasions. As a much-competed-for tool, money makes an excellent occasion for emotional reward – a prize with value beyond its tool value – but this is true also of the other (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  5. Debo W. Akande (2002). A Data-Based Analysis of the Psychometric Performance of the Differential Emotions Scale. Educational Studies 28 (2):123-131.
    This Differential Emotions Scale (DES) is an objective pencil-and-paper instrument designed to measure the subjective-experience components of the fundamental emotions, based on the assumption that mood states involved a characteristic pattern. Following Boyle (Boyle, G.J. Reliability and validity of Izard's Differential Emotions Scale, Personality, 56, pp. 747-750, 1984), the present paper reports a repeated-measure multiple discriminant function analysis for individual items across raters. At least, two-thirds of the DES items are sensitive indicators of the different mood states, however, the construct (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. L. Al-Shawaf, D. Conroy-Beam, K. Asao & D. M. Buss (forthcoming). Human Emotions: An Evolutionary Psychological Perspective. Emotion Review.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Gerhard Albersheim (1964). Mind and Matter in Music. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 22 (3):289-294.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. Candace Alcorta & Richard Sosis (2005). Religion, Emotion, and Symbolic Ritual: The Evolution of an Adaptive Complex. Human Nature 16:323-359.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Abu-Bakr Ali-Agan (2010). Criticising the Critique: An Appraisal of Al-Samawi’s Denigration of the Companions. Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 3:301-311.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. R. T. Allen (2000). The Cognitive Functions of Emotion. Appraisal 3:38.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  11. Rudolf Allers (1961). Emotion and Personality. New Scholasticism 35 (3):382-385.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. William P. Alston (1967). Emotion and Feeling. In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York, Macmillan 2--479.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. Carlos J. Álvarez (2015). The Neural Substrate of Emotions and Emotional Processing. In Keith Augustine & Michael Martin (eds.), The Myth of an Afterlife: The Case against Life After Death. Rowman & Littlefield 171-182.
    Until recently emotion and emotional processing have been largely neglected by experimental psychology and neuroscience more generally. This paper reviews the substantial psychological and neuroscientific evidence that each emotion is localized in specific neural structures, and thus that it is not necessary to invoke souls or spirits to explain emotions or emotional processing often held to be distinctive of a soul. In addition, the paper aims to demonstrate the adaptive and biological value of emotion for humans and other animals. It (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Supakwadee Amatayakul & Nicole G. Albert (2012). Surmonter Ses Émotions, Conquérir Son Destin. Diogène 237 (1):109.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Guenther Anders-Stern (1949). Emotion and Reality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 10:553.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. A. K. Anderson (2009). Emotional Expression. In David Sander & Klaus R. Scherer (eds.), The Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences. Oxford University Press 165--167.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Cyril Bruyn Andrews (1913). Life, Emotion, and Intellect.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. Erik Angner & Valerie Tiberius, Commentary.
    In the history of Western philosophy, questions of well-being and happiness have played a central role for some 2,500 years. Yet, when it comes to the systematic empirical study of happiness and satisfaction, philosophers are relative latecomers. Empirically-minded psychologists began studying systematically the determinants and distribution of happiness and satisfaction – understood as positive or desirable subjectively experienced mental states – during the 1920’s and 30’s, as personality psychology emerged as a bona fide subdiscipline of psychology shortly after World War (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Elizabeth Anscombe (1978). Will and Emotion. Grazer Philosophische Studien 5:139-148.
    This paper considers and criticizes Brentano's contention of the identity in kind between will and emotion.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. Michael A. Arbib (2004). Beware the Passionate Robot. In J. Fellous (ed.), Who Needs Emotions. Oxford University Press
  21. J. Arlow (1989). Time as Emotion. In J. T. Fraser (ed.), Time and Mind: Interdisciplinary Issues. International Universities Press 85--98.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Felix Arnold (1907). Ranck on Les Expressions Exterieures Et Profondes des Emotions Chez l'Homme Et les Animaux. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 4 (16):444.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. Magda B. Arnold (1973). Historical Development of the Concept of Emotion. Philosophical Studies 22:147-157.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. Jorge V. Arregui (1996). Descartes and Wittgenstein on Emotions. International Philosophical Quarterly 36 (3):319-334.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. John M. Artz (2000). The Role of Emotion in Reason. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 30 (1):14-16.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Yubraj Aryal (2011). Affective Politics. Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 6 (15):1-7.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. Yubraj Aryal (2011). Affective Turn. Journal of Philosophy: A Cross-Disciplinary Inquiry 6 (15):72-74.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. Zippora Arzi-Gonczarowski (2002). Ai Emotions: Will One Know Them When One Sees Them. In Robert Trappl (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems. Austrian Society for Cybernetics Studies 2--739.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. J. Ash (2012). Attention, Videogames and the Retentional Economies of Affective Amplification. Theory, Culture and Society 29 (6):3-26.
    This article examines the industrial art of videogame design and production as an exemplar of what could be termed affective design. In doing so, the article theorizes the relationship between affect and attention as part of what Bernard Stiegler calls a ‘retentional economy’ of human and technical memory. Through the examination of a range of different videogames, the article argues that videogame designers utilize techniques of what I term ‘affective amplification’ that seek to modulate affect, which is central to the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Neal M. Ashkanasy & Ronald H. Humphrey (2011). Current Emotion Research in Organizational Behavior. Emotion Review 3 (2):214-224.
    Despite a long period of neglect, research on emotion in organizational behavior has developed into a major field over the past 15 years, and is now seen to be part of an affective revolution in the organization sciences. In this article, we review current research on emotion in the organizational behavior field based on five levels of analysis: within person, between persons, dyadic interactions, leadership and teams, and organization-wide. Specific topics we cover include affective events theory, state and trait affect (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  31. Anthony P. Atkinson & Hannah E. Smithson (2013). Distinct Contributions to Facial Emotion Perception of Foveated Versus Nonfoveated Facial Features. Emotion Review 5 (1):30-35.
    Foveated stimuli receive visual processing that is quantitatively and qualitatively different from nonfoveated stimuli. At normal interpersonal distances, people move their eyes around another’s face so that certain features receive foveal processing; on any given fixation, other features therefore project extrafoveally. Yet little is known about the processing of extrafoveally presented facial features, how informative those extrafoveally presented features are for face perception (e.g., for assessing another’s emotion), or what processes extract task-relevant (e.g., emotion-related) cues from facial features that first (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. James R. Averill (2009). On Art, Science, Metaphors, and Ghosts: A Few Thoughts to Share. Emotion Review 1 (1):88-89.
    The sharing of emotional experiences, whether in face-to-face interactions or anonymously through written communications, can influence a person's psychological and physical well-being. The mediating mechanisms are, however, poorly understood. The present comment concerns ambiguities that may result when concepts from ordinary language, such as emotion, cognition, and related metaphors, are applied to presumed mediating mechanisms.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33. James R. Averill (1999). Creativity in the Domain of Emotion. In Tim Dalgleish & M. J. Powers (eds.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley 765--782.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Ruth Aylett & Ana Paiva (2012). Computational Modelling of Culture and Affect. Emotion Review 4 (3):253-263.
    This article discusses work on implementing emotional and cultural models into synthetic graphical characters. An architecture, FAtiMA, implemented first in the antibullying application FearNot! and then extended as FAtiMA-PSI in the cultural-sensitivity application ORIENT, is discussed. We discuss the modelling relationships between culture, social interaction, and cognitive appraisal. Integrating a lower level homeostatically based model is also considered as a means of handling some of the limitations of a purely symbolic approach. Evaluation to date is summarised and future directions discussed.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  35. Ruth Aylett & Ana Paiva (2012). Reply to Comments by Bainbridge, Gratch, and Nishida. Emotion Review 4 (3):271-272.
    We respond to two themes in the comments by Bainbridge, Gratch, and Nishida: first, the importance of embodiment, and second the issue of what should be explicitly modelled as against what should be dynamically generated. Finally, we briefly respond to the ethical questions raised by Bainbridge.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36. P. M. Bachelard (1939). Emotion and the Educative Process. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 17:80.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. Annette C. Baier (2004). Feelings That Matter. In Robert C. Solomon (ed.), Thinking About Feeling: Contemporary Philosophers on Emotions. Oxford University Press
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38. J. B. Baillie (1921). Studies in Human Nature. Philosophical Review 30 (6):624-629.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39. William Sims Bainbridge (2012). Affective Alternates: Comment on Aylett and Paiva. Emotion Review 4 (3):264-265.
    A bewildering array of sciences, theories, and methodologies offer researchers many difficult choices when studying emotion or designing affective technologies. Thus, clarity of focus is a prime virtue of good work, as illustrated in the Aylett and Paiva (2012) article. The social sciences remain fundamentally undecided about how to conceptualize human variations, including how to measure culture and personality, and even about whether these two commonly used words have real meaning. This disagreement is pronounced in human-centered computing, because cognitive and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Richard Russell Baker (1941). The Thomistic Theory of the Passions and Their Influence Upon the Will ... By Richard R. Baker. Notre Dame, Ind..
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. E. Balcetis (forthcoming). Approach and Avoidance as Organizing Structures for Motivated Distance Perception. Emotion Review.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. E. Balcetis (forthcoming). Author Reply: Future Tests of Motivated Distance Perception From Multiple Perspectives. Emotion Review.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. J. M. Baldwin (1909). La mémoire affective et l'art. Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 67:449 - 460.
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. S. A. Bandes (2016). Remorse and Criminal Justice. Emotion Review 8 (1):14-19.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. G. H. Bantock (1986). Educating the Emotions: An Historical Perspective. British Journal of Educational Studies 34 (2):122 - 141.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. P. C. Barata, S. Holtzman, S. Cunningham, B. P. O'Connor & D. E. Stewart (forthcoming). Building a Definition of Irritability From Academic Definitions and Lay Descriptions. Emotion Review.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Jack Barbalet (2011). Emotions Beyond Regulation: Backgrounded Emotions in Science and Trust. Emotion Review 3 (1):36-43.
    Emotions are understood sociologically as experiences of involvement. Emotion regulation influences the type, incidence, and expression of emotions. Regulation occurs through physical processes prior to an emotions episode, through social interaction in which a person’s emotions are modified due to the reactions of others to them, and by a person’s self-modification or management of emotions which they are consciously aware of. This article goes on to show that there are emotions which the emoting subject is not consciously aware of. Therefore, (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Brigitte Bargetz (2015). The Distribution of Emotions: Affective Politics of Emancipation. Hypatia 30 (3):580-596.
    Currently, affect and emotions are a widely discussed political topic. At least since the early 1990s, different disciplines—from the social sciences and humanities to science and technoscience—have increasingly engaged in studying and conceptualizing affect, emotion, feeling, and sensation, evoking yet another turn that is frequently framed as the “affective turn.” Within queer feminist affect theory, two positions have emerged: following Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick's well-known critique, there are either more “paranoid” or more “reparative” approaches toward affect. Whereas the latter emphasize the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. L. F. Barrett (2014). The Conceptual Act Theory: A Precis. Emotion Review 6 (4):292-297.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Lisa Feldman Barrett (2013). Psychological Construction: The Darwinian Approach to the Science of Emotion. Emotion Review 5 (4):379-389.
    Psychological construction constitutes a different paradigm for the scientific study of emotion when compared to the current paradigm that is inspired by faculty psychology. This new paradigm is more consistent with the post-Darwinian conceptual framework in biology that includes a focus on (a) population thinking (vs. typologies), (b) domain-general core systems (vs. physical essences), and (c) constructive analysis (vs. reductionism). Three psychological construction approaches (the OCC model, the iterative reprocessing model, and the conceptual act theory) are discussed with respect to (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 3542