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Subcategories:History/traditions: Empiricism
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  1. S. C. A. (1974). Empiricism and Sociology. Review of Metaphysics 28 (1):131-132.
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  2. Leo Abraham (1938). Acquaintance, Description, and Empiricism. Journal of Philosophy 35 (2):45-48.
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  3. Joseph Agassi (1963). Empiricism and Inductivism. Philosophical Studies 14 (6):85 - 86.
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  4. Sean Allen-Hermanson (2008). Desgabets: Rationalist or Cartesian Empiricist? In Jon Miller (ed.), Topics in Early Modern Philosophy of Mind (Springer).
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  5. Robert Almeder (1997). Carnap and Quine on Empiricism. History of Philosophy Quarterly 14 (3):349 - 364.
    In this paper I discuss the naturalism of Carnap and Quine. I examine Quine's naturalized epistemology and argue that Carnap's naturalism is considerably more attractive.
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  6. David M. Armstrong (1988). Discussion: Reply to Van Fraassen. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66:224-229.
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  7. Robert L. Armstrong (1970). Metaphysics and British Empiricism. Lincoln,University of Nebraska Press.
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  8. Robert Audi (2000). Philosophical Naturalism at the Turn of the Century. Journal of Philosophical Research 25:27-45.
    This paper examines the nature and varieties of philosophical naturalism. A central question it pursues is whether there is any unifying conception of naturalism and, if so, whether it is substantive or methodological. Another question addressed is the extent to which naturalism is motivated by or depends on empiricism. The paper explores the connection between naturalism and scientific method---often taken as central in defining it---and critically discusses naturalistic positions in metaphysics (including philosophical theology), epistemology, and ethics. Given the ambitions of (...)
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  9. Bruce Aune, An Empiricist Theory of Knowledge.
    The A Priori, Universality, and Necessity 23 Axioms and Primitive Rules of Inference 26 General Doubts about Intuitive Knowledge 28 Logical Truths and Rules of Inference 32 Alleged Self-evident Factual Truths 36 Three Final Examples, Two Old and One New 40 An Indirect Argument for Rationalism 43..
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  10. Bruce Aune (1970). Rationalism, Empiricism, and Pragmatism: An Introduction. New York,Random House.
  11. A. Bain (1889). The Empiricist Position. Mind 14 (55):369-392.
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  12. Gustav Bergmann (1949). Two Cornerstones of Empiricism. Synthese 8 (1):435 - 452.
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  13. Uta Bindreiter (2011). On Constructive Legal Science Then and Now. Archiv für Rechts- Und Sozialphilosophie 97 (1):78-106.
    The article purports, firstly, to shed some light on the meaning of the verb “to construct”, used by the German jurists Gerber and Jhering in connection with their juristic technique; and, secondly, to establish whether or not three more modern types of jurisprudence, suggested by Swedish legal scholars, can legitimately be called constructive. Not intending to criticize the theories which these suggestions are based upon, the author contents herself with focussing on the verb “to construct” and its derivatives and on (...)
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  14. Alexander Bird (2007). Underdetermination and Evidence. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
    I present an argument that encapsulates the view that theory is underdetermined by evidence. I show that if we accept Williamson's equation of evidence and knowledge, then this argument is question-begging. I examine ways of defenders of underdetermination may avoid this criticism. I also relate this argument and my critique to van Fraassen's constructive empiricism.
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  15. Michel Bitbol (2007). Materialism, Stances, and Open-Mindedness. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
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  16. Johan Fredrik Bjelke (1972). Das Problem der Intuition im Rationalismus und Empirismus. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 26 (4):546 - 562.
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  17. N. Westendrop Boerma (1946). Empiricism in Ethics. Synthese 5 (1/2):26.
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  18. Douglas Bridges (1998). Constructive Truth in Practice. In H. G. Dales & Gianluigi Oliveri (eds.), Truth in Mathematics. Oxford University Press, Usa. 53--69.
    In this chapter, which has evolved over the last ten years to what I hope will be its perfect Platonic form, I shall first discuss those features of constructive mathematics that distinguish it from its traditional, or classical, counterpart, and then illustrate the practice of that distinction in aspects of complex analysis whose classical treatment ought to be familiar to a beginning graduate student of pure mathematics.
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  19. Douglas Bridges, Peter Schuste & Luminiţa Vîţă (2002). Apartness, Topology, and Uniformity: A Constructive View. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (4):16-28.
    The theory of apartness spaces, and their relation to topological spaces (in the point–set case) and uniform spaces (in the set–set case), is sketched. New notions of local decomposability and regularity are investigated, and the latter is used to produce an example of a classically metrisable apartness on R that cannot be induced constructively by a uniform structure.
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  20. H. S. Broudy (1984). Review of Beyond Empiricism. [REVIEW] Tradition and Discovery 12 (2):22-28.
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  21. T. E. Burke (1987). Objectivity, Empiricism and Truth. Philosophical Books 28 (4):216-217.
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  22. H. G. Callaway (1996). Review: Carl R. Hausman, Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy. [REVIEW] Dialectica 50 (No. 2):153-161.
    Carl Hausman is a former editor of The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, a revival of one of the first American philosophy journals, where Peirce published some of his early work; and Hausman has devoted a good deal of his career to Peirce scholarship. He interprets Peirce’s thought “as a fallibilistic foundationalism that affirms a unique realism according to which what is real is a dynamic, evolving extramental condition.” The theme is an interesting one partly in view of the many recent (...)
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  23. H. G. Callaway (1981). Semantic Theory and Language: A Perspective (Reprinted in Callaway 2008, Meaning Without Analyticity). Proceedings of the Southwestern Philosophical Association; Philosophical Topics 1981 (summer):93-103.
    Chomsky’s conception of semantics must contend with both philosophical skepticism and contrary traditions in linguistics. In “Two Dogmas” Quine argued that “...it is non-sense, and the root of much non-sense, to speak of a linguistic component and a factual component in the truth of any individual statement.” If so, it follows that language as the object of semantic investigation cannot be separated from collateral information. F. R. Palmer pursues a similar contention in his recent survey of issues in semantic theory: (...)
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  24. Laurence Carlin (2009). The Empiricists: A Guide for the Perplexed. Continuum.
    Introduction: The empiricists and their context -- Empiricism and the empiricists -- The intellectual background to the early modern empiricists -- Martin Luther and the Reformation -- Aristotelian cosmology and the scientific revolution -- Aristotelian/scholastic hylomorphism and the rise of mechanism -- The Royal Society of London -- Francis Bacon (1561-1626) -- The natural realm : the idols of the mind -- Idols of the tribe -- Idols of the cave -- Idols of the marketplace -- Idols of the theatre (...)
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  25. Rudolf Carnap (1938). Empiricism and the Language of Science. Synthese 3 (12):33 - 35.
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  26. Friedrich Carstanjen (1897). Richard Avenarius and His General Theory of Knowledge, Empiriocriticism. Mind 6 (24):449-475.
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  27. Albert Casullo (2000). Is Empiricism Coherent? The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 5:61-74.
    In recent years empiricism has come under attack. Some argue that the view is incoherent and conclude, on that basis, that some knowledge is a priori. Whatever the merits of such arguments against empiricism, they cannot be parlayed into an argument in support of the a priori unless the latter is not open to those arguments. My primary contention is that the a priori is open to the arguments offered against empiricism. Hence, they do not advance the case for the (...)
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  28. Albert Casullo (2000). The Coherence of Empiricism. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (1):31–48.
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  29. Philip Catton (2004). Constructive Criticism. In Philip Catton & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Karl Popper: Critical Appraisals. Routledge.
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  30. Anjan Chakravatty (2007). Six Degrees of Speculation : Metaphysics in Empirical Contexts. In Bradley John Monton (ed.), Images of Empiricism: Essays on Science and Stances, with a Reply From Bas C. Van Fraassen. Oxford University Press.
    Metaphysical inquiry often exemplifies characteristics that do not meet with approval in the estimations of empiricists. Most distasteful to them, it seems, is a perceived distance between many of the speculations of metaphysics − about things such as causation, laws of nature, and unobservable stuff more generally − and the sorts of investigations they take to constitute proper empirical inquiry. Like any over-arching movement in the history of philosophy, empiricism has recognized different interlocutors at different times, but it appears that (...)
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  31. John Harrison Chambers (1990). Empiricist Activity is Not Scientific Activity: A Philosophical Critique of Process-Product Research on Teaching. Dissertation, Columbia University Teachers College
    Process-Product research uses observation, experiment and statistics to attempt to show that some ways of teaching are superior to others. There is a difference between scientific research and empiricist research, and Process-Product research is empiricist rather than scientific as its practitioners claim. Both empiricist and scientific research are however empirical, i.e. both attempt to discover and explain the world of empirical phenomena. ;The striking differences between scientific and empiricist enterprizes are demonstrated through comparing examples from astronomy and physics, chemistry, biology (...)
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  32. Simona Chiodo (2011). Io Non Cerco, Trovo: Un Empirismo Contemporaneo. Bollati Boringhieri.
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  33. Gordon Haddon Clark (1994). Lord God of Truth and Concerning the Teacher. Trinity Foundation.
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  34. Jesús Coll Mármol (2007). Conceptual Schemes and Empiricism. Theoria 22 (2):153-165.
    This paper is an examination and evaluation of McDowell’s criticisms of Davidson’s views on conceptual schemes and empiricism. I will argue that McDowell does not understand the real nature of Davidson’s arguments against the scheme-content dualism and that his new empiricist proposal fails to solve all the problems that old empiricism has traditionally raised. This is so because Davidson does not try to reject only a certain conception of experience by rejecting the dualism of scheme and content, but a way (...)
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  35. Patrick J. Connolly (2015). Newton and Empiricism (Eds. Biener and Schliesser). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (2):334-336.
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  36. Jonathan Dancy (1984). On Coherence Theories of Justification: Can an Empiricist Be a Coherentist? American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (4):359 - 365.
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  37. Karin de Boer (2011). Kant, Reichenbach, and the Fate of A Priori Principles. European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):507-531.
    Abstract: This article contends that the relation of early logical empiricism to Kant was more complex than is often assumed. It argues that Reichenbach's early work on Kant and Einstein, entitled The Theory of Relativity and A Priori Knowledge (1920) aimed to transform rather than to oppose Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. One the one hand, I argue that Reichenbach's conception of coordinating principles, derived from Kant's conception of synthetic a priori principles, offers a valuable way of accounting for the (...)
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  38. Richard De Brasi & Joseph R. Laracy (2013). An Empirical Critique of Empiricism. Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 16 (4):124-163.
    [A] thorough definition of empiricism is no simple task. In this article, we will instead attempt an overarching exposition of two overlapping but divergent paradigms of empiricism: (a) strict empiricism, representing most of the British empiricists and ancient skeptics and (b) mitigated, or metaphysical,1 empiricism represented by Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas. Sense experience is the unifying departure point for both, but while (b) says that human knowledge begins with sense experience, (a) tends to ultimately reduce knowledge to sense experience. (...)
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  39. C. F. Delaney (1978). Basic Propositions, Empiricism and Science. In Joseph Pitt (ed.), The Philosophy of Wilfrid Sellars: Queries and Extensions. D. Reidel. 41--55.
    In this paper I would like to explore Sellars' answers to these general epistemological questions in order to get clear about the sense in which he can be said to be in the empiricist tradition broadly construed and to ascertain what resources he has available to demarcate science from other (rationally acceptable or unacceptable) forms of inquiry. My contention will be that to the degree that one moves away from the notion of basic empirical proposition in the strong sense it (...)
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  40. Raphael Demos (1947). Doubts About Empiricism. Philosophy of Science 14 (3):203-218.
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  41. Daniel Dennett (2009). 19.1 The Three Stances. In Ansgar Beckermann & Brian P. McLaughlin (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. Oxford University Press. 339.
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  42. Michael Detlefsen (1998). Constructive Existence Claims. In Matthias Schirn (ed.), The Philosophy of Mathematics Today. Clarendon Press. 1998--307.
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  43. John Dewey (1927). Half-Hearted Naturalism. Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):57-64.
    I am not equipped with capacities which fit one for the office of a lexicographical autocrat, and I shall make no attempt to tell what naturalism must or should signify. But I may take advantage of the opportunity to say what empirical naturalism, or naturalistic empiricism, means to me. I can not hope to offer anything new, or anything which I have not said many times already. But perhaps by concentrating on this point I may make the tenor of my (...)
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  44. Jude P. Dougherty (2012). Cultural Revolution in Berlin. Review of Metaphysics 65 (3):648-650.
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  45. C. Anthony Earls (1992). God, Values and Empiricism. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 20 (62):38-40.
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  46. Alistair Edwards (1992). Rebels Without Causes Empiricism Vs Realism in Political Analysis. Department of Government, University of Manchester.
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  47. Jennifer Nag El (2000). The Empiricist Conception of Experience. Philosophy 75:345.
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  48. Herbert Feigl (1958). Critique of Intuition According to Scientific Empiricism. Philosophy East and West 8 (1/2):1-16.
  49. R. Ferrell (2003). Hume Reads Freud: Empiricism as Rhetorical Event. Critical Horizons 4 (2):265-280.
    The two competitive currents in French philosophy initiated by Jacques Derrida and Gilles Deleuze tackle the difference between empiricism and idealism in contrary motion. In Derrida, the move is toward a critique of representation. In Deleuze, it is toward recovery of the real. Nevertheless, this paper nominates their meeting in a kind of 'radical empiricism'. Both Derrida and Deleuze engage with empiricism at certain points in their work, although many who go by that label would be surprised to hear it.
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  50. Bas C. Van Fraassen (2000). The False Hopes of Traditional Epistemology. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):253 - 280.
    After Hume, attempts to forge an empiricist epistemology have taken three forms, which I shall call the First, Middle, and Third Way. The First still attempts an a priori demonstration that our cognitive methods satisfy some criterion of adequacy. The Middle Way is pursued under the banners of naturalism and scientific realism, and aims at the same conclusion on non-apriori grounds. After arguing that both fail, I shall describe the general characteristics of the Third Way, an alternative epistemology suitable for (...)
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