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Summary Epicureanism is the philosophical system formulated by Epicurus (341-271 BCE). It was one of the most influential and popular philosophical schools in the Hellenistic era. Epicureanism revives the atomism of Democritus and rejects the teleology of Aristotle and the immaterial soul and forms of Plato. All events are the result of indivisible bodies (atoms) interacting in the void, and the gods have no role in the workings of the world. Epicurean ethics is a form of ascetic egoistic hedonism. Only one's own pleasure is intrinsically valuable, but the limit of pleasure is freedom from bodily distress and (especially) peace of mind, and the way to acquire peace of mind is by limiting your desires. The Epicurean arguments against the fear of death have been especially influential: death is annihilation, and so your death is bad for you neither when you are alive (as you are not dead) nor when you are dead (as you no longer exist).
Key works Most of Epicurus' writings are lost, but book ten of Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers, in its summary of Epicurus' life and teachings, contains three letters by Epicurus that summarize his physics, views on celestial and meteorological phenomena, and ethics. It also includes the "Principal Doctrines," short sayings mainly on ethics. The Roman poet and fervent Epicurean Lucretius (c. 94-55 BCE) composed "On the Nature of Things," a massive 6-book summary of Epicurean physics. The Roman statesmen Cicero (106–43 BCE) includes important summaries of Epicurean arguments in his philosophical works. Long & Sedley 1987 and Inwood & Gerson 1994 are compendiums of many of the crucial texts, with Long & Sedley 1987 including extensive commentary.
Introductions Konstan 2008 is a good encyclopedia entry on Epicurus. O'Keefe 2010 is an accessible book-length overview of the Epicurean philosophical system, while Warren 2009 contains chapters that deal more extensively with the current scholarly literature.
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Epicurus (560)
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  1. Antonina M. Alberti, Jonathan Barnes, Anna Maria Ioppolo & Christopher Kirwan (1990). Logica, Mente E Persona Studi Sulla Filosofia Antica.
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  2. James Allen (1998). Études Sur les Philosophies Hellénistiques. Review of Metaphysics 52 (1):132-134.
  3. Robert J. Ball (2005). Further Observations on the Correspondence of Gilbert Highet and Cyril Bailey. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 98 (4).
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  4. Robert J. Ball (2004). The Correspondence of Gilbert Highet and Cyril Bailey. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 98 (1).
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  5. Rafael Ramis Barceló (2009). Hacia una lectura unitaria de la obra doxográfica de Diógenes Laercio: S. Grau Guijarro: La imatge del filòsof i de l'activitat filosòfica a la Grècia antiga, Anàlisi dels tòpics biogràfics presents a les "Vides i doctrines dels filòsofs més il·lustres" de Diògenes Laerci , Barcelona, PPU, 2009. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 9:241-245.
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  6. Jonathan Barnes & France) Hellenistic Philosophy and Science Paris (1982). Science and Speculation Studies in Hellenistic Theory and Practice /Edited by Jonathan Barnes ... [Et Al.]. --. --. Cambridge University Press Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme,1982.
  7. Alexander Dalzell (1989). Hellenistic Philosophy. [REVIEW] Ancient Philosophy 9 (1):131 - 132.
  8. Jean-françois Duvernoy (1990). L'épicurisme Et Sa Tradition Antique. Bordas.
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  9. S. F. (2000). Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld and Malcolm Schofield (Eds) the Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Pp. XIX + 916. £80·00 (Hbk). ISBN 0 521 250285. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 36 (4):505-507.
  10. Dorothea Frede & Brad Inwood (eds.) (2005). Language and Learning: Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age. Cambridge University Press.
    Hellenistic philosophers and scholars laid the foundations upon which Western tradition developed analytical grammar, linguistics, philosophy of language and other disciplines. Building on the pioneering work of Plato, Aristotle and earlier thinkers, they developed a wide range of theories about the nature and origin of language. Ten essays explore the ancient theories, their philosophical adequacy, and their impact on later thinkers from Augustine through the Middle Ages.
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  11. David J. Furley (ed.) (1999). From Aristotle to Augustine. Routledge.
    This offering in Routledge's acclaimed History of Philosophy series completes the acclaimed 10-volume collection. This work explores the schools of thought that developed in the wake of Platonism through the time of Augustine. The 11 separately authored in-depth articles include: Aristotle the scientist-- David Furley, Princeton University; Aristotle: logic and metaphysics-- Alan Code, Ohio State University; Aristotle: aesthetics and philosophy of mind -- David Gallop, Trent University, Ontario; Aristotle: ethics and politics-- Stephen White, University of Texas at Austin; The peripatetic (...)
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  12. J. C. A. Gaskin (1998). Sharples, RW-Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics. Philosophical Books 39:240-240.
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  13. J. C. A. Gaskin (ed.) (1995). The Epicurean Philosophers. C.E. Tuttle.
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  14. Alfred Carl F. Gercke (1899). De Quibusdam Laertii Diogenis Auctoribus.
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  15. Lloyd P. Gerson (1995). Passions and Perceptions: Studies in Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind. Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (1):165-166.
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  16. Marcello Gigante (1992). Cinismo E Epicureismo. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  17. C. Gill (1998). Moral Codes and Social Structure in Ancient Greece: A Sociology of Greek Ethics From Homer to the Epicureans and Stoics. JM Bryant. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (1):87-89.
  18. Christopher Gill (2009). Stoicism and Epicureanism. In Peter Goldie (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Emotion. OUP Oxford
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  19. David Kenneth Glidden (1971). The Epicurean Theory of Knowledge. Dissertation, Princeton University
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  20. Frank Granger (1915). Some Greek and Roman Ideas of a Future Life. By Cyril Bailey. Pp. 24. Leeds and District Branch of the Classical Association. 1915. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 29 (04):125-126.
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  21. Alberto Grilli (1992). Stoicismo, Epicureismo E Letteratura.
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  22. Jean Marie Guyau (1878). 'La Morale d' Épicure Et Ses Rapports Avec les Doctrines Contemporaines.
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  23. I. Hadot (1982). La Doctrine de Simplicius Sur l'Âme Raisonnable Humaine Dans le Commentaire Sur le Manuel D'Epictète. In H. J. Blumenthal & A. C. Lloyd (eds.), Soul and the Structure of Being in Late Neoplatonism: Syrianus, Proclus, and Simplicius: Papers and Discussions of a Colloquium Held at Liverpool, 15-16 April 1982. Liverpool University Press
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  24. S. Harris (2005). Yasmin Annabel Haskell. Loyola's Bees. Ideology and Industry in Jesuit Latin Didactic Poetry. Early Science and Medicine 10 (3):442.
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  25. Denys Hay (1949). The Life of Polydore Vergil of Urbino. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 12:132-151.
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  26. Hugo Albrecht Hermann & Diogenes (1860). Zur Geschichte Und Kritik des Diogenes von Sinope.
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  27. David B. Hershenov (2007). A More Palatable Epicureanism. American Philosophical Quarterly 44 (2):171 - 180.
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  28. Robert Drew Hicks (1962). Stoic and Epicurean. New York, Russell & Russell.
  29. Richard Hope (1931). The Book of Diogenes Laertius; Its Spirit and its Method. Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):107-108.
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  30. G. O. Hutchinson (2010). Go Hutchinson,'Read the Instructions: Didactic Poetry and Didactic Prose'(Vol 59, Pg 196, 2009). Classical Quarterly 60 (1):288-288.
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  31. G. L. Huxley (2001). The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 9 (2):247-260.
  32. William Dewitt Hyde (1905). From Epicurus to Christ. Philosophical Review 14:373.
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  33. A. Ioppolo (2006). From Epicurus to Epictetus. Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy. [REVIEW] Elenchos 27 (2):502-509.
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  34. Rose Johns (1939). PACKER, Cicero's Presentation of Epicurean Ethics. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 33 (5):55.
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  35. Howard Jones (1992). The Epicurean Tradition. Routledge.
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  36. R. W. Jordan (1988). G. Manolidis: Die Rolle der Physiologie in der Philosophie Epikurs. (Monographien zur philosophischen Forschung, 241.) Pp. xi + 175. Frankfurt am Main: Athenäum, 1987. Paper, DM 34. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (02):426-.
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  37. Timo Kaitaro & Markku Roinila (eds.) (2004). Filosofin kuolema. Summa.
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  38. Andrej Kalas (2011). Diogenes of Synope: Fragments. Filozofia 66 (6):577-590.
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  39. H. Kenny (1944). Said Vergil to the Victory Gardener. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 38:29-31.
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  40. G. B. Kerferd (1989). The Hellenistic Philosophers A. A. Long, D. N. Sedley: The Hellenistic Philosophers, Vol. 1: Translations of the Principal Sources with Philosophical Commentary, Vol. 2: Greek and Latin Texts with Notes and Bibliography. Pp. Xv + 512, X + 512; 1 Line Drawing. Cambridge University Press, 1987. Vol. 1 (£35, Paper £15), Vol. 2 (£50). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (01):49-51.
  41. G. B. Kerferd (1963). Two Studies in Greek Philosophy. The Classical Review 13 (02):192-.
  42. G. B. Kerferd (1963). Two Studies in Greek Philosophy F. Solmsen: (1) Ασθησις in Aristotelian and Epicurean Thought. (Med. Der K. Nederl. Akad., Afd. Letterkunde, N.R., Deel 24, No. 8.) Pp. 24. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij., 1961. Paper, Fl. 3. Cleanthes or Posidonius? The Basis of Stoic Physics. (Med. Der K. Nederl. Akad., Deel 24, No. 9.) Pp. 27. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij., 1961. Paper, Fl. 3.25. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (02):192-193.
  43. G. B. Kerferd (1962). Epicurus and Aristotle Philip Merlan: Studies in Epicurus and Aristotle. (Klassisch-Philologische Studien, 22.) Pp. Vii+112; 4 Plates. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1960. Paper, DM. 12. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 12 (01):46-47.
  44. G. B. Kerferd (1955). Günther Freymuth: Zur Lehre von den Götterbildern in der epikureischen Philosophie. (Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für hellenistisch-römische Philosophie, Veröffentlichung Nr. 2.) Pp. 43. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1953. Paper, DM. 6.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 5 (02):199-200.
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  45. I. G. Kidd & A. A. Long (1976). Hellenistic Philosophy. Philosophical Quarterly 26 (103):169.
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  46. Charles Knapp (1925). Mr. E. J. Kavanagh on Vergil, Georgics 1.311-334. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 19:107-109.
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  47. Charles Knapp (1924). Sir Herbert Warren on Vergil. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 18:41-42.
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  48. Charles Knapp (1924). Sortes Vergilianae, or Vergil and To-Day, D. A. Slater On. Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 18:33-34.
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  49. W. F. J. Knight (1929). Vergil and the Maze. The Classical Review 43 (06):212-213.
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  50. Bernhard Koch (2006). Philosophie Als Medizin für Die Seele: Untersuchungen Zu Ciceros Tusculanae Disputationes. Steiner.
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