About this topic
Summary Epicureanism is the philosophical system formulated by Epicurus (341-271 BCE). It was one of the most influential and popular philosophical schools in the Hellenistic era. Epicureanism revives the atomism of Democritus and rejects the teleology of Aristotle and the immaterial soul and forms of Plato. All events are the result of indivisible bodies (atoms) interacting in the void, and the gods have no role in the workings of the world. Epicurean ethics is a form of ascetic egoistic hedonism. Only one's own pleasure is intrinsically valuable, but the limit of pleasure is freedom from bodily distress and (especially) peace of mind, and the way to acquire peace of mind is by limiting your desires. The Epicurean arguments against the fear of death have been especially influential: death is annihilation, and so your death is bad for you neither when you are alive (as you are not dead) nor when you are dead (as you no longer exist).
Key works Most of Epicurus' writings are lost, but book ten of Diogenes Laertius' Lives of Eminent Philosophers, in its summary of Epicurus' life and teachings, contains three letters by Epicurus that summarize his physics, views on celestial and meteorological phenomena, and ethics. It also includes the "Principal Doctrines," short sayings mainly on ethics. The Roman poet and fervent Epicurean Lucretius (c. 94-55 BCE) composed "On the Nature of Things," a massive 6-book summary of Epicurean physics. The Roman statesmen Cicero (106–43 BCE) includes important summaries of Epicurean arguments in his philosophical works. Long & Sedley 1987 and Inwood & Gerson 1994 are compendiums of many of the crucial texts, with Long & Sedley 1987 including extensive commentary.
Introductions Konstan 2008 is a good encyclopedia entry on Epicurus. O'Keefe 2010 is an accessible book-length overview of the Epicurean philosophical system, while Warren 2009 contains chapters that deal more extensively with the current scholarly literature.
  Show all references
Related categories
Subcategories:
908 found
Search inside:
(import / add options)   Sort by:
1 — 50 / 908
Material to categorize
  1. Peter Eckstein (2004). Gemeinde, Brief Und Heilsbotschaft: Ein Phänomenologischer Vergleich Zwischen Paulus Und Epikur. Herder.
    Briefeschreiben in der Antike -- Epikur und seine Briefe -- Paulus und seine Briefe -- Paulus und Epikur : ein Vergleich.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. S. F. (2000). Juha Sihvola and Troels Engberg-Pedersen the Emotions in Hellenistic Philosophy. New Synthese Historical Library, 46. (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1998). Pp. XII + 380. £116·00, US×184·00 (Hbk). ISBN 0792353188. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 36 (4):505-507.
  3. S. F. (2000). Keimpe Algra, Jonathan Barnes, Jaap Mansfeld and Malcolm Schofield (Eds) the Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999). Pp. XIX + 916. £80·00 (Hbk). ISBN 0 521 250285. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 36 (4):505-507.
  4. Dorothea Frede & Brad Inwood (eds.) (2005). Language and Learning: Philosophy of Language in the Hellenistic Age. Cambridge University Press.
    Hellenistic philosophers and scholars laid the foundations upon which Western tradition developed analytical grammar, linguistics, philosophy of language and other disciplines. Building on the pioneering work of Plato, Aristotle and earlier thinkers, they developed a wide range of theories about the nature and origin of language. Ten essays explore the ancient theories, their philosophical adequacy, and their impact on later thinkers from Augustine through the Middle Ages.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. David J. Furley (ed.) (1999). From Aristotle to Augustine. Routledge.
    This offering in Routledge's acclaimed History of Philosophy series completes the acclaimed 10-volume collection. This work explores the schools of thought that developed in the wake of Platonism through the time of Augustine. The 11 separately authored in-depth articles include: Aristotle the scientist-- David Furley, Princeton University; Aristotle: logic and metaphysics-- Alan Code, Ohio State University; Aristotle: aesthetics and philosophy of mind -- David Gallop, Trent University, Ontario; Aristotle: ethics and politics-- Stephen White, University of Texas at Austin; The peripatetic (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. J. C. A. Gaskin (ed.) (1995). The Epicurean Philosophers. C.E. Tuttle.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. C. Gill (1998). Moral Codes and Social Structure in Ancient Greece: A Sociology of Greek Ethics From Homer to the Epicureans and Stoics. JM Bryant. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (1):87-89.
  8. Christopher Gill (2006/2009). The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought. Oxford University Press.
    Christopher Gill offers a new analysis of what is innovative in Hellenistic--especially Stoic and Epicurean--philosophical thinking about selfhood and personality. His wide-ranging discussion of Stoic and Epicurean ideas is illustrated by a more detailed examination of the Stoic theory of the passions and a new account of the history of this theory. His study also tackles issues about the historical study of selfhood and the relationship between philosophy and literature, especially the presentation of the collapse of character in Plutrarch's Lives, (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Christopher Gill (1995). Curing the Passions M. C. Nussbaum: The Therapy of Desire. Theory and Practice in Hellenistic Ethics. (Martin Classical Lectures, N.S. 2.) Pp. Xiv+558. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994. Cased, $29.95/£22.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 45 (02):290-291.
  10. I. Hadot (1982). La Doctrine de Simplicius Sur l'Âme Raisonnable Humaine Dans le Commentaire Sur le Manuel D'Epictète. In H. J. Blumenthal & A. C. Lloyd (eds.), Soul and the Structure of Being in Late Neoplatonism: Syrianus, Proclus, and Simplicius: Papers and Discussions of a Colloquium Held at Liverpool, 15-16 April 1982. Liverpool University Press.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Robert Drew Hicks (1962). Stoic and Epicurean. New York, Russell & Russell.
  12. Nicholas Hill (2007). Philosophia Epicuraea Democritiana Theophrastica. Fabrizio Serra Editore.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. Howard Jones (1992). The Epicurean Tradition. Routledge.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. R. W. Jordan (1988). G. Manolidis: Die Rolle der Physiologie in der Philosophie Epikurs. (Monographien zur philosophischen Forschung, 241.) Pp. xi + 175. Frankfurt am Main: Athenäum, 1987. Paper, DM 34. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (02):426-.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Eleni Kechagia (2010). Rethinking a Professional Rivalry: Early Epicureans Against the Stoa. Classical Quarterly 60 (01):132-.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. G. B. Kerferd (1989). The Hellenistic Philosophers A. A. Long, D. N. Sedley: The Hellenistic Philosophers, Vol. 1: Translations of the Principal Sources with Philosophical Commentary, Vol. 2: Greek and Latin Texts with Notes and Bibliography. Pp. Xv + 512, X + 512; 1 Line Drawing. Cambridge University Press, 1987. Vol. 1 (£35, Paper £15), Vol. 2 (£50). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 39 (01):49-51.
  17. G. B. Kerferd (1963). Two Studies in Greek Philosophy. The Classical Review 13 (02):192-.
  18. G. B. Kerferd (1963). Two Studies in Greek Philosophy F. Solmsen: (1) Ασθησις in Aristotelian and Epicurean Thought. (Med. Der K. Nederl. Akad., Afd. Letterkunde, N.R., Deel 24, No. 8.) Pp. 24. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij., 1961. Paper, Fl. 3. Cleanthes or Posidonius? The Basis of Stoic Physics. (Med. Der K. Nederl. Akad., Deel 24, No. 9.) Pp. 27. Amsterdam: Noord-Hollandsche Uitgevers Mij., 1961. Paper, Fl. 3.25. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (02):192-193.
  19. G. B. Kerferd (1962). Epicurus and Aristotle. The Classical Review 12 (01):46-.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. G. B. Kerferd (1955). Epicurus. The Classical Review 5 (3-4):273-.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. G. B. Kerferd (1955). Günther Freymuth: Zur Lehre von den Götterbildern in der epikureischen Philosophie. (Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Institut für hellenistisch-römische Philosophie, Veröffentlichung Nr. 2.) Pp. 43. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1953. Paper, DM. 6.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 5 (02):199-200.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. A. H. J. Knight (1933). Nietzsche and Epicurean Philosophy. Philosophy 8 (32):431 - 445.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. David Konstan (2004). Epicurus: His Continuing Influence and Contemporary Relevance (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (4):491-492.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. A. A. Long (2006). From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    A. A. Long, one of the world's leading writers on ancient philosophy, presents eighteen essays on the philosophers and schools of the Hellenistic and Roman periods--Epicureans, Stoics, and Sceptics. The discussion ranges over four centuries of innovative and challenging thought in ethics and politics, psychology, epistemology, and cosmology.
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. A. A. Long (1977). Domenico Pesce: Saggio Su Epicuro. (Biblioteca di Cultura Moderna, 757.) Pp. 110. Rome–Bari: Laterza, 1974. Paper, L.1,800. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):291-292.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. A. A. Long (1976). Anke Manuwald: Die Prolepsislehre Epikurs. Pp. 146. Bonn: Rudolf Habelt, 1972. Paper, DM. 24. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (01):134-135.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. A. A. Long (1976). Epicurean Psychology and Theology. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 26 (02):215-217.
  28. Jacinto Martínez Lacalle (1976). Three Stoic Propositions in Diogenes Laertius VII 69-80. Phronesis 21 (2):115-119.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Jørgen Mejer (1978). Diogenes Laertius and His Hellenistic Background. Steiner.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Norman Mooradian (1993). Review of Hellenistic Philosophy of Mind. [REVIEW] Teaching Philosophy 16 (3):274-276.
  31. Paul Elmer More (1923/1969). Hellenistic Philosophies. New York, Greenwood Press.
  32. Harry Neumann (1968). The Unpopularity of Epicurean Materialism. The Modern Schoolman 45 (4):299-311.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Margaret J. Osler (ed.) (1991). Atoms, Pneuma, and Tranquillity: Epicurean and Stoic Themes in European Thought. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume examines the influence that Epicureanism and Stoicism, two philosophies of nature and human nature articulated during classical times, exerted on the development of European thought to the Enlightenment. Although the influence of these philosophies has often been noted in certain areas, such as the influence of Stoicism on the development of Christian thought and the influence of Epicureanism on modern materialism, the chapters in this volume forward a new awareness of the degree to which these philosophies and their (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. François Prost (2004). Les Théories Hellénistiques de la Douleur. Peeters.
    A l'epoque hellenistique, la reflexion morale s'engage sur des voies nouvelles.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Margaret E. Reesor (1968). Democritus and the Sources of Greek Anthropology. By Thomas Cole. Cleveland: Western Reserve University Press. 1967. Pp. Xii, 225. $6.50. [REVIEW] Dialogue 7 (01):126-127.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Burkhard Reis & Stella Haffmans (eds.) (2006). The Virtuous Life in Greek Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    There is now a renewed concern for moral psychology among moral philosophers. Moreover, contemporary philosophers interested in virtue, moral responsibility and moral progress regularly refer to Plato and Aristotle, the two founding fathers of ancient ethics. The book contains eleven chapters by distinguished scholars which showcase current research in Greek ethics. Four deal with Plato, focusing on the Protagoras, Euthydemus, Symposium and Republic, and discussing matters of literary presentation alongside the philosophical content. The four chapters on Aristotle address problems such (...)
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Alasdair Richmond (2000). Epicurean Evolution and the Anthropic Principle. American Philosophical Quarterly 37 (2):149 - 161.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. John M. Rist (1999). Epictetus. International Philosophical Quarterly 39 (4):473-474.
  39. D. A. Russell (1965). A New Text of Diogenes Laertius. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 15 (02):174-.
  40. F. H. Sandbach (1963). Feugitá Portalupi: Plutarco, De Latenter Vivendo. (Università di Torino, Pubblicazioni delta Facoltà di Magistero, 22.) Pp. 25. Turin: Giappichelli, 1961. Paper, L. 600. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (01):114-.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Malcolm Schofield (2007). Epicureanism and Politics. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 57 (01):179-.
  42. Malcolm Schofield, Myles Burnyeat & Jonathan Barnes (eds.) (1980). Doubt and Dogmatism: Studies in Hellenistic Epistemology. Oxford University Press.
    THE PROTAGONISTS David Sedley The primary object of this historical introduction1 is to enable a reader encountering Hellenistic philosophy for the first ...
    Remove from this list | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Dominic Scott (1989). Epicurean Illusions. Classical Quarterly 39 (02):360-.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Henry Dwight Sedgwick (1970). The Art of Happiness. Freeport, N.Y.,Books for Libraries Press.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. D. N. Sedley (1979). Epicurus. The Classical Review 29 (01):82-.
    Remove from this list |
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Patrick Shade (1999). Stoics, Epicureans and Sceptics. Teaching Philosophy 22 (1):80-84.
  47. Herman Shapiro (1965). Hellenistic Philosophy; Selected Readings in Epicureanism. New York, Modern Library.
    Remove from this list |
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. R. W. Sharples (2002). The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy. Philosophical Review 111 (1):101-105.
  49. J. L. Stocks (1925). Epicurean Induction. Mind 34 (134):185-203.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. David Suits (2008). An Epicurean Ideal. Philosophy Now 70:8-9.
    Remove from this list | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 908