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  1. W. G. A. (1974). Toward the New Objectivity. Theory and Society 1 (1).
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  2. James Aaron (2012). Constructing Protagorean Objectivity. In Jimmy Lenman & Yonatan Shemmer (eds.), Constructivism in Practical Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  3. Jolyon Agar (2004). 11 Towards Objectivity. In Andrew Collier, Margaret Scotford Archer & William Outhwaite (eds.), Defending Objectivity: Essays in Honour of Andrew Collier. Routledge. 161.
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  4. Randall Albury (1988). The Politics of Objectivity. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  5. W. Albury (2011). A Non-Epistemological History of Historical Epistemology. Metascience 20 (3):481-482.
    A non-epistemological history of historical epistemology Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9501-5 Authors W. R. Albury, School of Humanities, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  6. Linda Alcoff (forthcoming). How is Epistemology Political. Radical Philosophy.
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  7. Alison Assiter (2004). 5 The Objectivity of Value. In Andrew Collier, Margaret Scotford Archer & William Outhwaite (eds.), Defending Objectivity: Essays in Honour of Andrew Collier. Routledge. 63.
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  8. Drucilla K. Barker (1998). Review: Dualisms, Discourse, and Development. [REVIEW] Hypatia 13 (3):83 - 94.
    This essay reviews a body of literature on feminism, development, and knowledge construction. This literature rejects essentialist constructions of women, challenges the universality of the Western scientific method, and creates a discursive space for reconstructing the dualisms embedded in the modern worldview. It suggests that an understanding of knowledge systems other than the modern one can aid us in constructing epistemologies that result in less dominating ways of producing knowledge.
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  9. Maria Cornelia Bârliba (1992). Titu Maiorescu Pledoarie Pentru Inteligenta. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  10. Guy Bennett-Hunter (2012). A Pragmatist Conception of Certainty: Wittgenstein and Santayana. European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 4 (2):146-157.
  11. Edwin Berk (1977). Objectivity: Reality as the Foundation of Knowledge. Dissertation, Yale University
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  12. Mark H. Bickhard, Critical Principles: On the Negative Side.
    neglected aspect: knowledge of error, or ‘‘negative’’ knowledge. The development of knowledge of what counts as error occurs via a kind of internal variation and selection, or quasi-evolutionary, process. Processes of reflection generate a hierarchy of principles of error.
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  13. Bohuslaw Blažek (1979). Can Epistemology as a Philosophical Discipline Develop Into a Science? Dialectica 33 (2):87-108.
    SummaryThe present paper attemps to demonstrate an analogy between the metascientific, i. e. epistemological, concepts of Niels Bohr and Jean Piaget. To make such a comparison possible a general model of an open circular process of acquiring knowledge is proposed including the following stages: generalization of a successful theory, origin of implicit assumptions, counter‐examples, disclosure of implicit and tacit assumptions ; attempts to eliminate counter‐examples, cul‐de‐sac, emergence of competing theories, explication of fundamental notions, distinction between narrower and broader theories. Parallelly, (...)
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  14. Paul Richard Blum, Epistemology and Cosmology in Neoplatonism: Is Cognition a Mind-Body-Problem? Paper at Cosmos, Nature, Culture - A Transdisciplinary Conference Metanexus Conference July 18-21, 2009, Phoenix, Arizona. [REVIEW] http://www.metanexus.net/conference2009/articles/Default.aspx?id=10790.
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  15. Maria Brincker (2015). The Aesthetic Stance - on the Conditions and Consequences of Becoming a Beholder. In Alfonsina Scarinzi (ed.), Aesthetics and the Embodied Mind: Beyond Art Theory and the Cartesian Mind-Body Dichotomy. Springer. 117-138.
    What does it mean to be an aesthetic beholder? Is it different than simply being a perceiver? Most theories of aesthetic perception focus on 1) features of the perceived object and its presentation or 2) on psychological evaluative or emotional responses and intentions of perceiver and artist. In this chapter I propose that we need to look at the process of engaged perception itself, and further that this temporal process of be- coming a beholder must be understood in its embodied, (...)
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  16. Harold L. Brown (1991). Observation and Objectivity. Noûs 25 (2):248-250.
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  17. Anthony Brueckner & Christopher T. Buford (2009). Thinking Animals and Epistemology. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (3):310-314.
    We consider one of Eric Olson's chief arguments for animalism about personal identity: the view that we are each identical to a human animal. The argument was originally given in Olson's book The Human Animal . Olson's argument presupposes an epistemological premise which we examine in detail. We argue that the premise is implausible and that Olson's defense of animalism is therefore in trouble.
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  18. Chris Buskes (1998). The Genealogy of Knowledge a Darwinian Approach to Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  19. V. C. C. (1956). Objectivity. Review of Metaphysics 9 (4):702-702.
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  20. Donald T. Campbell (1989). Fragments of the Fragile History of Psychological Epistemology and Theory of Science. In Barry Gholson (ed.), Psychology of Science: Contributions to Metascience. Cambridge University Press. 21--46.
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  21. Robert L. Campbell (2000). Rejoinder to Shedenhelm, Thomas, and Vacker: Implied Epistemology, Epistemology of the Implicit. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 2 (1):211 - 219.
    Robert L. Campbell replies to commentary on his article, "Ayn Rand and the Cognitive Revolution in Psychology" (Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, Fall 1999). He comments briefly on Richard Shedenhelm's historical analysis of the "counting crows" experiment. He agrees with Barry Vacker's view that nonlinear dynamics are required in any analysis of skill and implicit knowledge, but contends that Rand's explicit epistemological formulations exclude these dynamics and prevent her from offering an adequate treatment of the implicit. Campbell also responds to (...)
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  22. Nicholas Capaldi (1991). Metaphysics and Epistemology. American Philosophical Quarterly 28:255.
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  23. Ethan D. Churchill (1970). Objectivity of Editorial Questioned. BioScience 20 (2):72-72.
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  24. P. Coffey (1917). Epistemology or the Theory of Knowledge an Introduction to General Metaphysics. Longmans, Green & Co.
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  25. John J. Compton (1992). One of the Central Tasks for Any Philosophy of Science is to Assess the Conditions and Limits of Scientific Objectivity. What Should We Take This Sort of Objectivity to Mean? How is It to Be Legitimated? How Can It Be Achieved? Is It Even Possible in Principle, Given the Human Condition? These Questions Are of Perennial Concern, of Course, but in Recent Discussion They Have Become Acute. They. [REVIEW] In D. P. Chattopadhyaya, Lester E. Embree & Jitendranath Mohanty (eds.), Phenomenology and Indian Philosophy. Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Motilal Banarsidass Publishers. 185.
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  26. John Corcoran (1989). Argumentations and Logic. ARGUMENTAION 3 (1):17-43.
    Argumentations are at the heart of the deductive and the hypothetico-deductive methods, which are involved in attempts to reduce currently open problems to problems already solved. These two methods span the entire spectrum of problem-oriented reasoning from the simplest and most practical to the most complex and most theoretical, thereby uniting all objective thought whether ancient or contemporary, whether humanistic or scientific, whether normative or descriptive, whether concrete or abstract. Analysis, synthesis, evaluation, and function of argumentations are described. Perennial philosophic (...)
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  27. Marc De Mey (1982). Genetic Epistemology and Integrated Science of Science. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 36 (4):636.
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  28. Józef Dębowski (2008). On Epistemology and Some of Its Oddities. Why I Am Not a Representationist. Dialogue and Universalism 18 (7/8):61-70.
    I argue for a standpoint that—against various kinds of naturalism—epistemology is a complete philosophical science. Epistemology is theoretically and methodologically self-sufficient. It has its good described subject, its characteristic research methods and its exactly described goal. The subject of epistemology is broadly comprehended cognition (knowledge)—cognition (knowledge) is comprehended as action as well as result. Among various methods peculiar to philosophy it is necessary to distinguish first of all phenomenological, transcendental and analytical methods. However, the main goal of epistemology has been (...)
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  29. Edwin Jules Delattre (1970). Objectivity and the Passive Knower. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin
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  30. N. K. Devaraja (1962). An Introduction to Śaȧnkara's Theory of Knowledge. Delhi, Motilal Banarsi Dass.
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  31. Heather Douglas (2004). The Irreducible Complexity of Objectivity. Synthese 138 (3):453 - 473.
    The terms ``objectivity'''' and ``objective'''' are among the mostused yet ill-defined terms in the philosophy of science and epistemology. Common to all thevarious usages is the rhetorical force of ``I endorse this and you should too'''', orto put it more mildly, that one should trust the outcome of the objectivity-producing process.The persuasive endorsement and call to trust provide some conceptual coherenceto objectivity, but the reference to objectivity is hopefully not merely an attemptat persuasive endorsement. What, in addition to epistemological endorsement,does (...)
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  32. A. R. E. (1966). The Knower and the Known. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):151-151.
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  33. Feminist Economics (2001). What is Objectivity? In Stephen Cullenberg, Jack Amariglio & David F. Ruccio (eds.), Postmodernism, Economics and Knowledge. Routledge. 286.
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  34. Yehuda Elkana (1989). The Epistemology of the Opposition to Science. In William R. Shea & Beat Sitter-Liver (eds.), Scientists and Their Responsibility. Watson Pub. International. 171--188.
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  35. Anthony Ellis (1986). BROWN, S. C. Objectivity and Cultural Divergence. [REVIEW] Philosophy 61:274.
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  36. Reinaldo Elugardo (1994). Philosophy After Objectivity. Review of Metaphysics 48 (2):418-419.
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  37. P. Engel (2002). What Can Epistemology Learn From Psychology? Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 94 (4):725-740.
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  38. Eve-Marie Engels (1983). Evolutionäre Erkenntnistheorie — Ein Biologischer Ausverkauf der Philosophie? Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 14 (1):138-166.
    The author takes the interdisciplinary seminar on Evolutionary Epistemology at the 7th International Wittgenstein Symposium as the occasion to discuss the question of the status, achievements and limits of Evolutionary Epistemology. She comes to the conclusion that neither its critique of the quid juris question in traditional epistemology nor its own philosophical pretensions can be justified. But it is a new science which is relevant and a challenge to traditional epistemology and philosophy of science in that it opens up a (...)
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  39. Nicholas Everitt (1988). Observation and Objectivity. Philosophical Books 29 (3):148-151.
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  40. Haskell Fain & E. F. Kaelin (1960). Student Philosophical Opinions: A Survey. Inquiry 3 (1-4):137 – 152.
    Opinion surveys were taken in an effort to determine the philosophical beliefs of students beginning philosophy. Correlated sets were made of those who took the survey before and after a first course in philosophy; and opinion shifts noted. The acquired information may be of interest to people in various disciplines. The authors tested the semantic usage of certain epistemological terms, the change in religious beliefs, the degree of consistency between general skepticism and particular knowledge claims. Finally, the authors proposed a (...)
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  41. B. A. Farrell (1974). "Cognitive Development and Epistemology". Edited by T. Mischel. [REVIEW] Mind 83:629.
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  42. Jane Friedman (2013). Rational Agnosticism and Degrees of Belief. Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:57.
    There has been much discussion about whether traditional epistemology's doxastic attitudes are reducible to degrees of belief. In this paper I argue that what I call the Straightforward Reduction - the reduction of all three of believing p, disbelieving p, and suspending judgment about p, not-p to precise degrees of belief for p and not-p that ought to obey the standard axioms of the probability calculus - cannot succeed. By focusing on suspension of judgment (agnosticism) rather than belief, we can (...)
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  43. Steve Fuller (1996). Social Epistemology and the Recovery of the Normative in the Post-Epistemic Era. Journal of Mind and Behavior 17 (2):83-97.
    What marks ours as the "post-epistemic era" is that it refuses to confer any special privilege on knowledge production as a social practice: whatever normative strictures apply to social practices in general, they apply specifically to epistemic practices as well. I trace how we have reached this state by distinguishing two conceptions of normativity in the history of epistemology: a top-down approach epitomized by Kant and Bentham, and a bottom-up approach associated with the Scottish Enlightenment. The advantage of the latter (...)
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  44. G. S. Fullerton (1897). The Knower in Psychology. Philosophical Review 6:424.
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  45. Stephen Gaukroger (2012). Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Aren't all judgements biased in one way or another? -- 3. Don't all judgements involve some assumptions? -- 4. Doesn't science show there is no objectivity? -- 5. Is it possible to represent things objectively? -- 6. Is objectivity a form of honesty? -- 7. Objectivity in numbers? -- 8. Can the study of human behaviour be objective? -- 9. Can there be objectivity in ethics? -- 10. Can there be objectivity (...)
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  46. Sander L. Gilman (1999). By a Nose: On the Construction of 'Foreign Bodies'. Social Epistemology 13 (1):49 – 58.
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  47. Brian C. Goodwin (2009). Genetic Epistemology and Constructionist Biology. Biological Theory 4 (2):115-124.
  48. Elizabeth Gould (2005). Nomadic Turns: Epistemology, Experience, and Women University Band Directors. Philosophy of Music Education Review 13 (2):147-164.
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  49. Kent Greenawalt (1994). Law and Objectivity. Philosophical Review 103 (3):551-553.
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  50. Gordon Guild (unknown). Decandence and Objectivity. [REVIEW] Eidos: The Canadian Graduate Journal of Philosophy 1.
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