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Epistemology

Edited by Matthew McGrath (University of Missouri, Columbia)
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  1. added 2014-04-16
    Katalin Farkas (forthcoming). Belief May Not Be a Necessary Condition for Knowledge. Erkenntnis:1-16.
    Most discussions in epistemology assume that believing that p is a necessary condition for knowing that p. In this paper, I will present some considerations that put this view into doubt. The candidate cases for knowledge without belief are the kind of cases that are usually used to argue for the so-called ‘extended mind’ thesis.
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  2. added 2014-04-15
    Jennifer Nagel & Kaija Mortensen (forthcoming). Armchair-Friendly Experimental Philosophy. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Blackwell.
    Once symbolized by a burning armchair, experimental philosophy has in recent years shifted away from its original hostility to traditional methods. Starting with a brief historical review of the experimentalist challenge to traditional philosophical practice, this chapter looks at research undercutting that challenge, and at ways in which experimental work has evolved to complement and strengthen traditional approaches to philosophical questions.
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  3. added 2014-04-15
    Chris Dalton (2014). Beyond Description to Pattern. Journal of Critical Realism 13 (2):163-182.
    This paper proposes a limitation to epistemological claims to theory building prevalent in critical realist research. While accepting the basic ontological and epistemological positions of the perspective as developed by Roy Bhaskar, it is argued that application in social science has relied on sociological concepts to explain the underlying generative mechanisms, and that in many cases this has been subject to the effects of an anthropocentric constraint. A novel contribution to critical realist research comes from the work and ideas of (...)
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  4. added 2014-04-14
    Lisa‘John Dewey Heldke & Evelyn Fox Keller (1989). A Shared Epistemological Tradition'. Hypatia 2 (3):129-40.
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  5. added 2014-04-13
    Paul Prescott (forthcoming). Unthinkable ≠ Unknowable: On Charlotte Delbo's 'Il Faut Donner à Voir'. Journal of Value Inquiry.
    This paper is an attempt to articulate and defend a new imperative, Auschwitz survivor Charlotte Delbo’s Il faut donner à voir: “They must be made to see.” Assuming the ‘they’ in Delbo’s imperative is ‘us’ gives rise to three questions: (1) what must we see? (2) can we see it? and (3) why is it that we must? I maintain that what we must see is the reality of evil; that we are by and large unwilling, and often unable, to (...)
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  6. added 2014-04-13
    Rodrigo Laera (2014). Epistemic conservatism. Filosofia Unisinos 14 (3):176-188.
    The present paper aims to revisit the virtues and disadvantages of epistemic conservatism, which claims that it is rational to adhere to a belief until there is evidence to the contrary. Two main theses are put forward: first, while conservatism presents several epistemological flaws, from a contextualist point of view it is not only desirable but also is essential to knowledge accumulation in everyday life; second, conservatism provides a solution to sceptical challenges and to the problem of easy knowledge.
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  7. added 2014-04-12
    Nathaniel Sharadin (forthcoming). Reasons Wrong and Right. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly.
    The fact that someone is generous is a reason to admire them. The fact that someone will pay you to admire them is also a reason to admire them. But there is a difference in kind between these two reasons: the former seems to be the `right' kind of reason to admire, whereas the latter seems to be the `wrong' kind of reason to admire. The Wrong Kind of Reasons Problem is the problem of explaining the difference between the `right' (...)
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  8. added 2014-04-11
    Adam Robert Briggle (forthcoming). Opening the Black Box: The Social Outcomes of Scientific Research. Social Epistemology:1-14.
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  9. added 2014-04-11
    Jørn Bjerre (forthcoming). A New Foundation for the Social Sciences? Searle's Misreading of Durkheim. Philosophy of the Social Sciences:0048393114525860.
    The aim of John Searle’s philosophy of society is to provide a foundation for the social sciences. Arguing that the study of social reality needs to be based on a philosophy of language, Searle claims that sociology has little to offer since no sociologist ever took language seriously. Attacking Durkheim head-on, Searle not only claims that Durkheim’s project differs from his own but also that Durkheim’s sociology has serious shortcomings. Opposing Searle, this paper argues that Durkheim’s account of social reality (...)
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  10. added 2014-04-11
    Rachel McKinnon (forthcoming). You Make Your Own Luck. Metaphilosophy.
    In this paper, I take up two questions. First, what does it mean to say that someone creates their own luck? At least colloquially speaking, luck is conceived as something out of an agent's control. So how could an agent increase or decrease the likelihood that they'll be lucky? Building on some recent work on the metaphysics of luck, I'll argue that there is a sense in which agents can create their own luck because people with more skill tend to (...)
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  11. added 2014-04-10
    Naftali Weinberger (2014). Evidence-Based Policy: A Practical Guide to Doing It Better, Nancy Cartwright and Jeremy Hardie. Oxford University Press, 2013, Ix + 196 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 30 (1):113-120.
  12. added 2014-04-10
    D. S. Clarke (1992). Knowledge and Ethics. Journal of Information Ethics 1 (2):22-31.
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  13. added 2014-04-09
    Martin Smith (forthcoming). The Arbitrariness of Belief. In Dylan Dodd & Elia Zardini (eds.), Contemporary Perspectives on Scepticism and Perceptual Justification. Oxford University Press.
    In Knowledge and Lotteries, John Hawthorne offers a diagnosis of our unwillingness to believe, of a given lottery ticket, that it will lose a fair lottery – no matter how many tickets are involved. According to Hawthorne, it is natural to employ parity reasoning when thinking about lottery outcomes: Put roughly, to believe that a given ticket will lose, no matter how likely that is, is to make an arbitrary choice between alternatives that are perfectly balanced given one’s evidence. It’s (...)
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  14. added 2014-04-07
    Terry Winant (1991). Preview. Social Epistemology 5 (4):245.
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  15. added 2014-04-07
    P. M. Churchland (1990). Peer Commentary. Social Epistemology 4:162-165.
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  16. added 2014-04-07
    Ellen Messer-Davidow & David R. Shumway (1990). Symposium on Crossdisciplinarity. Social Epistemology 4 (3).
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  17. added 2014-04-07
    Dennis Goldford Hariman, John Brigham, Christine Harrington, Barry Matsumoto, Ira Strauber, James O'brien, Dennis Patterson & Steve Fuller (1990). Coming Attractions. Social Epistemology 4 (3):323.
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  18. added 2014-04-07
    R. Sassower, F. Bender & D. Levine (1990). Symposium on the Role of Scarcity in Economic Thought. Social Epistemology 4 (1):75-119.
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  19. added 2014-04-07
    H. H. Pattee (1990). Response to E. Dietrich's “Computationalism”. Social Epistemology 4 (2):176-181.
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  20. added 2014-04-06
    Christian List, Three Kinds of Collective Attitudes.
    This paper offers a comparison of three different kinds of collective attitudes: aggregate, common, and corporate attitudes. They differ not only in their relationship to individual attitudes – e.g., whether they are “reducible” to individual attitudes – but also in the roles they play in relation to the collectives to which they are ascribed. The failure to distinguish them can lead to confusion, in informal talk as well as in the social sciences. So, the paper’s message is an appeal for (...)
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  21. added 2014-04-05
    Govindan Parayil (1992). Govindan Parayil. Social Epistemology 6:57.
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  22. added 2014-04-05
    Sonia Ryang, Warren Schmaus, Steven I. Miller, Carl Matheson, Harold Brown, Govindan Parayil, Steven Yearley & Stephen Turner (1992). Taylor Ic Francis. London and Washington. Dc 0269-172bc1992) 6: 1-#. Social Epistemology 6:102.
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  23. added 2014-04-05
    Carl Matheson & Winnipeg Manitoba Rut (1992). Carl Matheson. Social Epistemology 6 (1):35-43.
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  24. added 2014-04-05
    Steven Miller (1992). Steven Miller. Social Epistemology 6 (1):23-33.
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  25. added 2014-04-05
    Pnina G. Abir-Am (1992). Special Issue: Historical Ethnography of Scientific Rituals. Social Epistemology 6 (4).
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  26. added 2014-04-04
    Peter L. Samuelson & Ian M. Church (forthcoming). When Cognition Turns Vicious: Heuristics and Biases in Light of Virtue Epistemology. Philosophical Psychology.
    In this paper, we explore the literature on cognitive heuristics and biases in light of virtue epistemology, specifically highlighting the two major positions—agent-reliabilism and agent-responsibilism (or neo-Aristotelianism)—as they apply to dual systems theories of cognition and the role of motivation in biases. We investigate under which conditions heuristics and biases might be characterized as vicious and conclude that a certain kind of intellectual arrogance can be attributed to an inappropriate reliance on Type 1, or the improper function of Type 2, (...)
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  27. added 2014-04-04
    Laura Mulvey (forthcoming). Placer Visual y Cine Narrativo. Valencia, Vol. 1. Episteme.
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  28. added 2014-04-04
    Nader Chokr (forthcoming). A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy. Social Epistemology.
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  29. added 2014-04-04
    J. Current Serials (forthcoming). 30cial istemology. Social Epistemology.
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  30. added 2014-04-04
    Timothy Perrine (forthcoming). In Defense of Non-Reductionism in the Epistemology of Testimony. Synthese:1-11.
    Almost everyone agrees that many testimonial beliefs constitute knowledge. According to non-reductionists, some testimonial beliefs possess positive epistemic status independent of that conferred by perception, memory, and induction. Recently, Jennifer Lackey has provided a counterexample to a popular version of this view. Here I argue that her counterexample fails.
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  31. added 2014-04-04
    David Guston & Honi Haber (forthcoming). A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy. Social Epistemology.
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  32. added 2014-04-04
    Arthur Diamond (1993). Arthur M. Diamond, Jr. Social Epistemology 7 (3):245-248.
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  33. added 2014-04-04
    Harry Collins (1993). Commentary on The Scientific Status of Econometrics. Social Epistemology 7 (3):233-36.
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  34. added 2014-04-04
    Alvin Goldman & Moshe Shaked (1993). Open Peer Commentary on the Scientific Status of Econometrics: Comment. Social Epistemology 7:249-253.
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  35. added 2014-04-04
    Susan Feigenbaum & David M. Levy (1993). The Market for (Ir) Reproducible Results. Social Epistemology 7 (3):215-232.
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  36. added 2014-04-04
    Ubiratan D'ambrosio (1988). Bases historiográficas e metodológicas para uma história e filosofia das ciências na América Latina. Episteme 6:300-10.
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  37. added 2014-04-03
    Luca Moretti (forthcoming). The Dogmatist, Moore's Proof and Transmission Failure. Analysis.
    According to Jim Pryor’s dogmatism, if you have an experience as if P, you acquire immediate prima facie justification for believing P. Pryor contends that dogmatism validates Moore’s infamous proof of a material world. Against Pryor, I argue that if dogmatism is true, Moore’s proof turns out to be non-transmissive of justification according to one of the senses of non-transmissivity defined by Crispin Wright. This type of non-transmissivity doesn’t deprive dogmatism of its apparent antisceptical bite.
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  38. added 2014-04-03
    Charles Camic, Jay Demerath, Tampa Florida, Guy Axtell & Stephan Fuchs (forthcoming). Ajournal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy. Social Epistemology.
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  39. added 2014-04-03
    Jonathan Baron & Jay Schulkin (forthcoming). Decision-Making and the Threat of Global Warming. Social Epistemology.
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  40. added 2014-04-03
    Judith Genova & Alan G. Gross (forthcoming). A Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Policy. Social Epistemology.
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  41. added 2014-04-03
    Raúl Prada (forthcoming). La subversión de la praxis. La Paz. Episteme.
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  42. added 2014-04-03
    Adam C. Podlaskowski & Joshua A. Smith (2014). Probabilistic Regresses and the Availability Problem for Infinitism. Metaphilosophy 45 (2):211-220.
    Recent work by Peijnenburg, Atkinson, and Herzberg suggests that infinitists who accept a probabilistic construal of justification can overcome significant challenges to their position by attending to mathematical treatments of infinite probabilistic regresses. In this essay, it is argued that care must be taken when assessing the significance of these formal results. Though valuable lessons can be drawn from these mathematical exercises (many of which are not disputed here), the essay argues that it is entirely unclear that the form of (...)
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  43. added 2014-04-03
    Alan Millar (2010). Knowing From Being Told. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oup Oxford.
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  44. added 2014-04-03
    Klemens Kappel (2010). On Saying That Someone Knows: Themes From Craig. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oup Oxford.
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  45. added 2014-04-03
    Lorraine Code (2010). Testimony, Advocacy, Ignorance: Thinking Ecologically About Social Knowledge. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oup Oxford.
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  46. added 2014-04-03
    Michael P. Lynch (2010). Epistemic Circularity and Epistemic Disagreement. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oup Oxford.
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  47. added 2014-04-03
    P. S. Davies, J. Fetzer & T. Foster (1995). Domain Specificity a Social Exchange Reasoning: A Critique of the Social Exchange Theory of Reasoning. Biology and Philosophy 10:1-37.
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  48. added 2014-04-03
    C. A. Newbury Park (1994). Jay Demerath. Social Epistemology 8 (1):19-25.
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  49. added 2014-04-03
    Guy Axtell (1994). Guy Axtell. Social Epistemology 8:69.
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  50. added 2014-04-03
    Howard Schuman (1994). Howard Schuman. Social Epistemology 8 (1):27-33.
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1 — 50 / 339