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  1. Andrew Altman, Michael Bradie & Fred D. Miller (1979). On Doing Without Events. Philosophical Studies 36 (3):301 - 307.
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  2. Lars BÄckman & Lars-GÖran Nilsson (1991). Effects of Divided Attention on Free and Cued Recall of Verbal Events and Action Events. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (1):51-54.
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  3. Andrew E. Benjamin (1993). The Plural Event: Descartes, Hegel, Heidegger. Routledge.
    Nothing is more simple or more complicated than the event. In recent years, the attack on any attempts to provide a foundation for philosophy has focused on the "logic of the event." In The Plural Event , Andrew Benjamin reconsiders and reworks philosophy in terms of events and how they are judged. Benjamin offers a sustained philosophical reworking of ontology, providing important readings of key canonical texts in the history of philosophy. In order to avoid the charge of positivism, he (...)
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  4. Jonathan Bennett (2002). What Events Are. In Richard M. Gale (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Metaphysics. Blackwell Publishers. 43.
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  5. Jonathan Bennett (1988). Events and Their Names. Hackett.
    Various as these are, they have enough in common for them all to count as events , and in recent years philosophers have turned their attention to this ...
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  6. Sara Bernstein (2014). What Causally Insensitive Events Tell Us About Overdetermination. Philosophia 1 (4):1-18.
    Suppose that Billy and Suzy each throw a rock at window, and either rock is sufficient to shatter the window. While some consider this a paradigmatic case of causal overdetermination, in which multiple cases are sufficient for an outcome, others consider it a case of joint causation, in which multiple causes are necessary to bring about an effect. Some hold that every case of overdetermination is a case of joint causation underdescribed: at a maximal level of description, every cause is (...)
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  7. Andrea Borghini & Achille C. Varzi (2006). Event Location and Vagueness. Philosophical Studies 128 (2):313-336.
    Most event-referring expressions are vague; it is utterly difficult, if not impossible, to specify the exact spatiotemporal location of an event from the words that we use to refer to it. We argue that in spite of certain prima facie obstacles, such vagueness can be given a purely semantic (broadly supervaluational) account.
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  8. Yvonne Brackbill & Anthony Bravos (1962). Supplementary Report: The Utility of Correctly Predicting Infrequent Events. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):648.
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  9. Michael Bradie (1983). Recent Work on Criteria for Event Identity, 1967-1979. Philosophy Research Archives 9:29-77.
    The paper reviews the arguments for and against a number of criteria for event identity. The proliferation of such criteria in the 1970’s raises the question of how one is to choose between them. Eight adequacy conditions, whose own adequacy has been argued for elsewhere, are determined to be insufticient for deciding among the criteria. Some concluding remarks about the role of the adequacy conditions and the problem of choosing a criterion are offered. Finally, questions about the nature of and (...)
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  10. Michael Bradie (1981). Adequacy Conditions and Event Identity. Synthese 49 (3):337 - 374.
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  11. Myles Brand (1981). A Particularist Theory of Events. Grazer Philosophische Studien 12:187-202.
    Events are unstructured particulars and their identity conditions are to be stated in terms of necessary spatiotemporal coincidence. In contrast, Davidson says that events are unstructured particulars, with their identity conditions to be given in terms of sameness of causes and effects; and Kim says that events are structured particulars, with their identity conditions to be given in terms of sameness of their constituents. The consequences of my view are then traced for mental events.
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  12. Myles Brand (1979). On Tye's 'Brand on Event Identity'. Philosophical Studies 36 (1):61 - 68.
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  13. Myles Brand (1977). Identity Conditions for Events. American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (4):329 - 337.
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  14. J. Brandl (2000). Do Events Recur? In Achille Varzi, James Higginbotham & Fabio Pianesi (eds.), Speaking of Events. Oxford University Press. 95--104.
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  15. Mario Augusto Bunge (ed.) (1973). Exact Philosophy; Problems, Tools, and Goals. Boston,D. Reidel.
  16. W. R. Carter (1979). On Transworld Event Identity. Philosophical Review 88 (3):443-452.
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  17. Roberto Casati, Events. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  18. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi, Events. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A critical survey of the main philosophical theories about events and event talk, organized in three main sections: (i) Events and Other Categories (Events vs. Objects; Events vs. Facts; Events vs. Properties; Events vs. Times); (ii) Types of Events (Activities, Accomplishments, Achievements, and States; Static and Dynamic Events; Actions and Bodily Movements; Mental and Physical Events; Negative Events); (iii) Existence, Identity, and Indeterminacy.
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  19. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2008). Event Concepts. In Thomas F. Shipley & Jeff Zacks (eds.), Understanding Events: From Perception to Action. Oxford University Press. 31�54.
    Events are center stage in several fields of psychological research. There is a long tradition in the study of event perception, event recognition, event memory, event conceptualization and segmentation. There are studies devoted to the description of events in language and to their representation in the brain. There are also metapsychological studies aimed at assessing the nature of mental events or the grounding of intentional action. Outside psychology, the notion of an event plays a prominent role in various areas of (...)
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  20. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (2007). Foreword to ''Lesser Kinds''. The Monist 90 (3):331-332.
    This issue of The Monist is devoted to the metaphysics of lesser kinds, which is to say those kinds of entity that are not generally recognized as occupying a prominent position in the categorial structure of the world. Why bother? We offer two sorts of reason. The first is methodological. In mathematics, it is common practice to study certain functions (for instance) by considering limit cases: What if x = 0? What if x is larger than any assigned value? Physics, (...)
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  21. Roberto Casati & Achille C. Varzi (1997). 50 Years of Events an Annotated Bibliography, 1947 to 1997. Philosophy Documentation Center.
    This major bibliography offers a comprehensive overview of the recent literature on the nature of events and the place they occupy in our conceptual scheme. The subject has received extensive consideration in the philosophical debate over the last few decades, with ramifications reaching far into the domains of allied disciplines such as linguistics and the cognitive sciences. The starting point for this work is Hans Reichenbach's pioneering contribution on the logical form of action sentences, and the broad scope includes entries (...)
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  22. Ken Chung, Catalytic Events: Environmental Events That Transform Institutions.
    Some environmentally disastrous events lead to significant institutional change while others do not. Consider that the volume of oil spilt at Guadalupe Dunes, California was twice that of the Exxon Valdez accident. Few have heard of the former while the latter has led to significant legislation to control oil pollution. Organizational institutionalists are ambivalent about why events lead to change or even whether they do. Some theorists argue that shocking events break the status quo but what constitutes shocking is unclear. (...)
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  23. William F. Clarke (1928). The Idea of God in a Philosophy of Events. The Monist 38 (4):620-629.
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  24. Michael John Costa (1981). Seeing and Other Complex Events. Dissertation, The Ohio State University
    The dissertation begins by explaining the author's motivation in developing a theory of events. A theory of events is desirable, not only for its intrinsic metaphysical interest, but also in order to provide the resources needed to resolve a wide range of philosophic problems. With this motivation in mind, it is argued that the Alvin Goldman/Jaegwon Kim view of events as property exemplifications at times provides the best starting point for the development of the theory. The Goldman/Kim view of events (...)
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  25. M. J. Cresswell (1986). Why Objects Exist but Events Occur. Studia Logica 45 (4):371 - 375.
    I distinguish between sentences like(1) Last Thursday we drove from Wellington to Waikanae and (2) Last Thursday my copy of Aspects of the Theory of Syntax remained on my bookshelf. Sentence (2) has the subinterval property. If it is true at an interval t it is true at every subinterval of t. (1) lacks this property. (1) reports an event. (2) reports a state. Events do not have the subinterval property but states do have it, and so do objects. If (...)
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  26. Judith Worth Cross (2000). The Nature of Events. Dissertation, University of California, Davis
    My dissertation is an investigation into the nature of events. I first argue that we need a clearer account of events in order to facilitate philosophical discussion of many phenomena that make use of the notion of events. For example, since events are thought to be causal relata, we cannot specify the truth conditions for causal claims without first laying out a clear account of the essential characteristics of events. With that in mind I discuss what characteristics events have, and (...)
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  27. Thomas Crowther (2011). The Matter of Events. Review of Metaphysics 65 (1):3- 39.
    A distinction has often been drawn between processes and accomplishments; between, say, *walking* and *walking to the shops*. But it has proved difficult to explain the nature of this distinction in a satisfying way. This paper offers an explanation of the nature of this distinction that is suggested by the idea that there is an ontologically significant correspondence between temporal and spatial notions. A number of writers, such as Alexander Mourelatos (1978) and Barry Taylor (1985), have argued that the spatial (...)
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  28. Arthur C. Danto (1969). Complex Events. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (1):66-77.
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  29. Donald Davidson (1970). Events and Particulars. Noûs 4 (1):25-32.
  30. Donald Davidson (1969). On Events and Event-Descriptions. In Joseph Margolis (ed.), Fact and Existence. Oxford, Blackwell. 74--84.
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  31. Rafael De Clercq, Wai-Yin Lam & Jiji Zhang (2014). Is There a Problem with the Causal Criterion of Event Identity? American Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):109-119.
    In this paper, we take another look at the reasons for which the causal criterion of event identity has been abandoned. We argue that the reasons are not strong. First of all, there is a criterion in the neighborhood of the causal criterion—the counterfactual criterion—that is not vulnerable to any of the putative counterexamples brought up in the literature. Secondly, neither the causal criterion nor the counterfactual criterion suffers from any form of vicious circularity. Nonetheless, we do not recommend adopting (...)
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  32. Joseph Diekemper (2013). The Existence of the Past. Synthese (6):1-20.
    My goal in this paper is to address what I call the ‘Incoherence’ objection to the growing universe theory of time. At the root of the objection is the thought that one cannot wed objective temporal becoming with the existence of a tenseless past—which is apparently what the growing universe theorist tries to do. To do so, however, is to attribute both dynamic and static aspects to time, and, given the mutual exclusivity of these two aspects—so the thought goes—incoherence results. (...)
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  33. Joseph Diekemper (2009). Thisness and Events. Journal of Philosophy 106 (5):255-276.
    This essay is an investigation into the existence of a very unusual and some would say unacceptably exotic type of property: namely, the property of being a certain individual; or, if you prefer, the property of being identical to a certain individual. In other words, this essay will investigate whether in spite of their exotic nature there are thisnesses, and, in particular, whether thisnesses are instantiated by events. Of course, I have not really said enough yet about thisnesses to motivate (...)
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  34. Mauro Dorato (forthcoming). Events and the Ontology of Quantum Mechanics. Topoi.
    In the first part of the paper I argue that an ontology of events is precise, flexible and general enough so as to cover the three main alternative formulations of quantum mechanics as well as theories advocating an antirealistic view of the wave function. Since these formulations advocate a primitive ontology of entities living in four-dimensional spacetime, they are good candidates to connect that quantum image with the manifest image of the world. However, to the extent that some form of (...)
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  35. F. I. Dretske (1967). Can Events Move? Mind 76 (304):479-492.
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  36. Fred I. Dretske (1977). Referring to Events. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1):90-99.
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  37. Luiz Henrique de A. Dutra (2010). How Serious is Our Ontological Commitment to Events as Individuals? Principia 9 (1-2):43-71.
    This paper aims at discussing the usage by Davidson as to events of Quine's criterion of ontological commitment. According to Davidson, we are ontologically committed to the existence of events as individuals as we employ literally terms such as ‘Caesar’s death’, for instance. Davidson extends this analysis to actions as well, since actions are human events. One of the consequences of this view is that psychology deals with individual events in a non-lawful way. An alternative view is here proposed, based (...)
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  38. Ellery Eells (2002). Propensity Trajectories, Preemption, and the Identity of Events. Synthese 132 (1-2):119 - 141.
    I explore the problem of ``probabilistic causal preemption'' in the context of a``propensity trajectory'' theory of singular probabilistic causation. This involvesa particular conception of events and a substantive thesis concerning events soconceived.
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  39. Myian Engel Jr (1994). Coarsening Brand on Events, While Proliferating Davidsonian Events. Grazer Philosophische Studien 47:155-183.
    A course-grained theory of event individuation is defended by arguing that events are spatiotemporal particulars with an ontological affinity to coarse-grained physical objects and by demonstrating that the metalinguistic correlate to one set of adequate identity conditions for events is most plausibly iterpreted as coarsely individuating events. Such coarse-grained events, it is argued, do admit of divisibility proliferation, much like the proliferation of physical objects entailed by Goodman's calculus of individuals. This coase-grained, divisibility proliferation account of events is then used (...)
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  40. Wan-Chuan Fang (1984). A Study of Davidsonian Events. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine
    This dissertation is concerned with causal relations which take what I call Davidsonian events as causal relata. It is also concerned with the individuation and description of Davidsonian events. ;In Chapter 1, I give an interpretation to Quine's notion of a principle of individuation. I then use it to assess Davidson's principle of event individuation and the positions of some of the critics and supporters of that principle. ;In Chapter 2, my main concern is to gain some understanding of Davidsonian (...)
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  41. Richard H. Feldman & Edward Wierenga (1979). Thalberg on the Irreducibility of Events. Analysis 39 (1):11 - 16.
    Several debates in contemporary metaphysics provoke us to ask what an event is. One theory, Pioneered by chisholm, Develops the analogy between the occurrence of events and the truth of corresponding propositions. I call these propositional analyses. It is unclear whether their adherents wish to jettison our event-Concepts, And replace them with concepts from another category, Such as semantics. The other theory of what events are that I scrutinize, Namely kim's and goldman's property-Exemplification analysis, Seems reductive. My suspicion is that (...)
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  42. Giacomo Foglietta & Paolo Taroni (2012). Coscienza e Assoluto. Soggettività e oggettività tra filosofia bergsoniana e pensiero indiano. Nóema 4 (1):1-30.
    Nel contributo, partendo da una prospettiva teoretica, ci si prefigge di analizzare i rapporti fra la filosofia indiana di Śaṃkara (il massimo filosofo del Vedānta, vissuto nell’VIII sec. d. C.) e il pensiero di Bergson. Da un simile punto di vista diviene infatti possibile una riflessione critica e interpretativa sui testi dei due autori, utile a chiarire alcuni problemi ermeneutici del pensiero śaṃkariano. Reciprocamente, la conoscenza del pensiero di Śaṃkara permette di illuminare e chiarire aspetti problematici della filosofia bergsoniana, in (...)
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  43. Carole Ann Alpert Ganz (1970). Events. Dissertation, Stanford University
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  44. Alexander García Düttmann (2007). Philosophy of Exaggeration. Continuum.
    Splendour and misery of exaggeration : an introduction -- Thinking as gesture : exaggeration and philosophy -- Trust me : exaggeration and enlightenment -- Odd moves : exaggeration and irony -- The violence of destruction : exaggeration and infinity -- ? and ? end? : exaggeration and politics -- Being guilty : exaggeration and factuality -- Flight simulator : exaggeration and trauma -- The obvious : exaggeration and self-evidence -- Blow job : exaggeration and institution -- Old opera : exaggeration (...)
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  45. Alexander García Düttmann (2004). Philosophie der Übertreibung. Suhrkamp.
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  46. Kathleen Gill (1993). On the Metaphysical Distinction Between Processes and Events. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):365 - 384.
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  47. Kathleen Gill (1986). A Theory of Events. Dissertation, Indiana University
    An account of events is developed in which events are characterized as a series of momentary states of affairs. This characterization is motivated by a study of the structural features required to capture our notion of an event. Events have structure in the sense that they involve objects and properties, and, since they necessarily occur over an interval of time, events have a transtemporal structure. This latter feature is used to account for a variety of relationships between events, as well (...)
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  48. Pierre Grenon & Barry Smith (2004). SNAP and SPAN: Towards Dynamic Spatial Ontology. Spatial Cognition and Computation 4 (1):69–103.
    We propose a modular ontology of the dynamic features of reality. This amounts, on the one hand, to a purely spatial ontology supporting snapshot views of the world at successive instants of time and, on the other hand, to a purely spatiotemporal ontology of change and process. We argue that dynamic spatial ontology must combine these two distinct types of inventory of the entities and relationships in reality, and we provide characterizations of spatiotemporal reasoning in the light of the interconnections (...)
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  49. Michael Grüninger & Christopher Menzel (2003). The Process Specification Language: Theory and Applications. AI Magazine 24 (3):63-74.
    The Process Specification Language (PSL) has been designed to facilitate correct and complete exchange of process information among manufacturing systems, such as scheduling, process modeling, process planning, production planning, simulation, project management, work flow, and business process reengineering. We given an overview of the theories with the PSL ontology, discuss some of the design principles for the ontology, and finish with examples of process specifications that are based on the ontology.
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  50. P. M. Hacker (1982). Events, Ontology and Grammar: P. M. S. Hacker. Philosophy 57 (222):477-486.
    In recent years philosophers have given much attention to the ‘ontological problem’ of events. Donald Davidson puts the matter thus: ‘the assumption, ontological and metaphysical, that there are events is one without which we cannot make sense of much of our common talk; or so, at any rate, I have been arguing. I do not know of any better, or further, way of showing what there is’. It might be thought bizarre to assign to philosophers the task of ‘showing what (...)
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