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  1. Barbara Abbott (1980). "Making Sense" by Geoffrey Sampson. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 4:437.
  2. Francisco Aboitiz & Carolina G. Schröter (2004). Prelinguistic Evolution and Motherese: A Hypothesis on the Neural Substrates. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):503-504.
    In early hominins, there possibly was high selective pressure for the development of reciprocal mother and child vocalizations such as proposed by Falk. In this context, temporoparietal-prefrontal networks that participate in tasks such as working memory and imitation may have been strongly selected for. These networks may have become the precursors of the future language areas of the human brain.
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  3. Christian Abry, Louis-Jean Boë, Rafael Laboissière & Jean-Luc Schwartz (1998). A New Puzzle for the Evolution of Speech? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):512-513.
    We agree with MacNeilage's claim that speech stems from a volitional vocalization pathway between the cingulate and the supplementary motor area (SMA). We add the vocal self- monitoring system as the first recruitment of the Broca-Wernicke circuit. SMA control for “frames” is supported by wrong consonant-vowel recurring utterance aphasia and an imaging study of quasi-reiterant speech. The role of Broca's area is questioned in the emergence of “content,” because a primary motor mapping, embodying peripheral constraints, seems sufficient. Finally, we reject (...)
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  4. Ines Adornetti (2015). The Phylogenetic Foundations of Discourse Coherence: A Pragmatic Account of the Evolution of Language. Biosemiotics 8 (3):421-441.
    In this paper we propose a pragmatic approach to the evolution of language based on analysis of a particular element of human communication: discourse coherence. We show that coherence is essential for effective communication. Through analysis of a collection of neuropsychological and neurolinguistic studies, we maintain that the proper functioning of executive processes responsible for planning and executing actions plays a key role in the construction of coherent discourses. Studies that tested the discursive and conversational abilities of bonobos have showed (...)
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  5. Stacey Elizabeth Ake (1999). Against the Monolith: The Quest for Individuality Within the Evolutionary Matrix. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University
    This dissertation is about the evolution of human consciousness, beginning with the biological and continuing through language development up to ethical or moral action. ;The neurobiological theories of Gerald Edelman, particularly topobiology and Neural Darwinism, are used to explain the way the mind can be said to physiologically have the capacity for metaphor and thus language. This work is substantiated by the case of Phineas Gage as it is interpreted by Damasio and Damasio. ;The logico-linguistic phenomenology of semiotician C. S. (...)
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  6. Tristan Coignard Alicia C. Montoya & Peggy David (eds.) (2010). Lumières Et Histoire / Enlightenment and History.
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  7. Robin Allott (2001). The Great Mosaic Eye: Language and Evolution. Book Guild.
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  8. Stephen G. Alter (2007). Darwin and the Linguists: The Coevolution of Mind and Language, Part 1. Problematic Friends. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (3):573-584.
    In his book The descent of man , Charles Darwin paid tribute to a trio of writers who offered naturalistic explanations of the origin of language. Darwin’s concurrence with these figures was limited, however, because each of them denied some aspect of his thesis that the evolution of language had been coeval with and essential to the emergence of humanity’s characteristic mental traits. Darwin first sketched out this thesis in his theoretical notebooks of the 1830s and then clarified his position (...)
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  9. Michael A. Arbib (2011). Review Essay: Niche Construction and the Evolution of Language: Was Territory Scavenging the One Key Factor? Review Essay for Derek Bickerton (2009), Adams Tongue. How Humans Made Language, How Language Made Humans. New York: Hill Wang. Interaction Studies 12 (1):162-193.
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  10. Michael A. Arbib (2003). Brain, Meaning, Grammar, Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):668-669.
    I reject Jackendoff's view of Universal Grammar as something that evolved biologically but applaud his integration of blackboard architectures. I thus recall the HEARSAY speech understanding system—the AI system that introduced the concept of “blackboard”—to provide another perspective on Jackendoff's architecture.
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  11. Michael A. Arbib (2003). Protosign and Protospeech: An Expanding Spiral. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):209-210.
    The intriguing observation that left-cerebral dominance for vocalization is ancient, occurring in frogs, birds, and mammals, grounds Corballis's argument that the predominance of right-handedness may result from an association between manual gestures and vocalization in the evolution of language. This commentary supports the general thesis that language evolved “From hand to mouth” (Corballis 2002), while offering alternatives for some of Corballis's supporting arguments.
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  12. Michael A. Arbib (2001). Co-Evolution of Human Consciousness and Language. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 929:195-220.
  13. David F. Armstrong (2003). Creative Solution to an Old Problem. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):211-212.
    Corballis presents a plausible evolutionary mechanism to explain the tight linkage between cerebral lateralization for language and for handedness in humans. This argument may be bolstered by invoking Stokoe's notion of semantic phonology to explain the role of Broca's area in grammatical functions.
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  14. Eran Asoulin (2016). Language as an Instrument of Thought. Glossa: A Journal of General Linguistics 1 (1):1-23.
    I show that there are good arguments and evidence to boot that support the language as an instrument of thought hypothesis. The underlying mechanisms of language, comprising of expressions structured hierarchically and recursively, provide a perspective (in the form of a conceptual structure) on the world, for it is only via language that certain perspectives are avail- able to us and to our thought processes. These mechanisms provide us with a uniquely human way of thinking and talking about the world (...)
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  15. Myron Charles Baker & Michael A. Cunningham (1985). The Biology of Bird-Song Dialects. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):85-100.
  16. Dorit Bar-On & Richard Moore (forthcoming). Pragmatic Interpretation and Signaler-Receiver Asymmetries in Animal Communication. In Kristin Andrews Jacob Beck (ed.), Routledge Handbook for the Philosophy of Animal Minds. Routledge
    Researchers have converged on the idea that a pragmatic understanding of communication can shed important light on the evolution of language. Accordingly, animal communication scientists have been keen to adopt insights from pragmatics research. Some authors couple their appeal to pragmatic aspects of communication with the claim that there are fundamental asymmetries between signalers and receivers in non-human animals. For example, in the case of primate vocal calls, signalers are said to produce signals unintentionally and mindlessly, whereas receivers are thought (...)
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  17. Lluís Barceló-Coblijn (2013). Biology: A Newcomer in Linguistics. [REVIEW] Biological Theory 7 (3):281-284.
  18. Jeffrey A. Barrett (2010). Faithful Description and the Incommensurability of Evolved Languages. Philosophical Studies 147 (1):123 - 137.
    Skyrms-Lewis signaling games illustrate how meaningful language may evolve from initially meaningless random signals (Lewis, Convention 1969; Skyrms 2008). Here we will consider how incommensurable languages might evolve in the context of signaling games. We will also consider the types of incommensurability exhibited between evolved languages in such games. We will find that sequentially evolved languages may be strongly incommensurable while still allowing for increasingly faithful descriptions of the world.
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  19. T. Bejarano (2010). The Origins of Meaning. [REVIEW] Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (1).
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  20. Edward G. Belaga (2009). Discerning the Historical Source of Human Language. Faith Magazine 41 (5):10-12.
    The problem of the emergence and evolution of natural languages is seen today by many specialists as one of the most difficult problems in the cognitive sciences. We believe that a key to unravelling this enigma is the close relationship of language to mathematics.
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  21. Edward G. Belaga (2008). In the Beginning Was the Verb: The Emergence and Evolution of Language Problem in the Light of the Big Bang Epistemological Paradigm. Cognitive Philology 1 (1).
    The enigma of the Emergence of Natural Languages, coupled or not with the closely related problem of their Evolution is perceived today as one of the most important scientific problems. The purpose of the present study is actually to outline such a solution to our problem which is epistemologically consonant with the Big Bang solution of the problem of the Emergence of the Universe}. Such an outline, however, becomes articulable, understandable, and workable only in a drastically extended epistemic and scientific (...)
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  22. Antonio Benítez-Burraco & Cedric Boeckx (2014). Universal Grammar and Biological Variation: An EvoDevo Agenda for Comparative Biolinguistics. Biological Theory 9 (2):122-134.
  23. Antonio Benítez-Burraco & Cedric Boeckx (2013). Language Disorders and Language Evolution: Constraints on Hypotheses. Biological Theory 9 (3):1-6.
    It has been suggested that language disorders can serve as real windows onto language evolution. We examine this claim in this paper. We see ourselves forced to qualify three central assumptions of the the ‘disorders-as-windows’ hypothesis. After discussing the main outcome of decades of research on the linguistic ontogeny of pathological populations, we argue that language disorders should be construed as conditions for which canalization has failed to cope fully with developmental perturbations. We conclude that a robust link exists between (...)
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  24. Luca Berta (2010). Death and the Evolution of Language. Human Studies 33 (4):425-444.
    My hypothesis is that the cognitive challenge posed by death might have had a co-evolutionary role in the development of linguistic faculties. First, I claim that mirror neurons, which enable us to understand others’ actions and emotions, not only activate when we directly observe someone, but can also be triggered by language: words make us feel bodily sensations. Second, I argue that the death of another individual cannot be understood by virtue of the mirror neuron mechanism, since the dead provide (...)
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  25. Robert C. Berwick & Noam Chomsky (2013). Birdsong, Speech, and Language: Exploring the Evolution of Mind and Brain. The MIT Press.
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  26. Derek Bickerton (2003). Language Evolution Without Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):669-670.
    Jackendoff's major syntactic exemplar is deeply unrepresentative of most syntactic relations and operations. His treatment of language evolution is vulnerable to Occam's Razor, hypothesizing stages of dubious independence and unexplained adaptiveness, and effectively divorcing the evolution of language from other aspects of human evolution. In particular, it ignores connections between language and the massive discontinuities in human cognitive evolution.
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  27. John L. Bradshaw (2003). Gesture in Language Evolution: Could I but Raise My Hand to It! Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):213-214.
    An intervening gestural stage in language evolution, though seductive, is ultimately redundant, and is not necessarily supported by modern human or chimp behaviour. The findings and arguments offered from mirror neurones, anatomy, and lateralization are capable of other interpretations, and the manipulative dextrality of chimps is under-recognized. While language certainly possesses certain unique properties, its roots are ancient.
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  28. Vladimir Breskin (2013). Homo igneous: Феномен Языка для курящих и некурящих. NB: Философские Исследования 12:228 - 247.
    The goal of this study is to build the contours of the hypothesis, which defines the essence of language as a part of the human physiology, describes the language as the receptor activity based on common biological principles and functions of senses. The study tries to identify the physiological borders of the organ and the causes, which led to the organ development in the general evolution of human. -/- Исследование обозначает контуры гипотезы, определяющей сущность языка как части физиологии человека, характеризуя (...)
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  29. Vladimir Breskin (2010). Triad. Method for Studying the Core of the Semiotic Parity of Language and Art. Signs - International Journal of Semiotics 3 (2010):1-28.
    The purpose of this paper is to present and describe a new method for studying pre-speech language. The suggested approach allows correlate epistemology of linguistics to the ideological tradition of other scientific disciplines. Method is based on three linguistic categories – nouns, verbs, and interjections in their motor and expressive qualities – and their relation to the three basic forms of art – graphics (visual art), movement (dance), and sound (music). The study considers this correlation as caused by the nature (...)
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  30. Bruce Bridgeman (2005). Action Planning Supplements Mirror Systems in Language Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):129-130.
    Mirror systems must be supplemented by a planning capability to allow language to evolve. A capability for creating, storing, and executing plans for sequences of actions, having evolved in primates, was applied to sequences of communicatory acts. Language could exploit this already-existing capability. Further steps in language evolution may parallel steps seen in the development of modern children.
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  31. Henry Brighton, Rui Mata & Andreas Wilke (2006). Reconciling Vague and Formal Models of Language Evolution. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):282-282.
    One way of dealing with the proliferation of conjectures that accompany the diverse study of the evolution of language is to develop precise and testable models which reveal otherwise latent implications. We suggest how verbal theories of the role of individual development in language evolution can benefit from formal modeling, and vice versa.
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  32. Lajos L. Brons (2014). Language Death and Diversity: Philosophical and Linguistic Implications. The Science of Mind 52:243-260.
    This paper presents a simple model to estimate the number of languages that existed throughout history, and considers philosophical and linguistic implications of the findings. The estimated number is 150,000 plus or minus 50,000. Because only few of those remain, and there is no reason to believe that that remainder is a statistically representative sample, we should be very cautious about universalistic claims based on existing linguistic variation.
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  33. A. Cangelosi & D. Parisi (eds.) (2002). Simulating the Evolution of Language. Springer-Verlag.
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  34. Angelo Cangelosi (2002). Language Evolution in Apes and Autonomous Agents. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (5):622-623.
    Computational approaches based on autonomous agents share with new ape language research the same principles of dynamical system paradigms. A recent model for the evolution of symbolization and language in autonomous agents is briefly described in order to highlight the similarities between these two methodologies. The additional benefits of autonomous agent modeling in the field of language origin research are highlighted.
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  35. Angelo Cangelosi & Domenico Parisi (2002). Computer Simulation: A New Scientific Approach to the Study of Language Evolution. In A. Cangelosi & D. Parisi (eds.), Simulating the Evolution of Language. Springer-Verlag 3--28.
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  36. Laureano Castro, Alfonso Medina & Miguel A. Toro (2004). Hominid Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Language. Biology and Philosophy 19 (5):721-737.
    This paper presents the hypothesis that linguistic capacity evolved through the action of natural selection as an instrument which increased the efficiency of the cultural transmission system of early hominids. We suggest that during the early stages of hominization, hominid social learning, based on indirect social learning mechanisms and true imitation, came to constitute cumulative cultural transmission based on true imitation and the approval or disapproval of the learned behaviour of offspring. A key factor for this transformation was the development (...)
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  37. Paulo Alexandre E. Castro (2004). A Ontopotencialidade da Linguagem em Heidegger. In Isabel Matos Dias & Irene Brges Duarte (eds.), Colóquios. Centro de Filosofia Univ.Lisboa 405-416.
    Pretendemos com este ensaio fazer uma bordagem à filosofia fenomenológica da linguagem de Heidegger; abordagem que procura realizar, senão mesmo justificar, isso mesmo que subjaz a uma linguagem que é doação, que é fazer vir à presença aquilo que é nomeado. Mas linguagem tem um sentido mais lato que não apenas fala ou falado. Linguagem como ‘dizer’. Um ‘dizer’ que se escuta para lá do simples dito, para lá de qualquer modo de ser do dasein (autêntico ou inautêntico), para lá (...)
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  38. Michael Cavanaugh (1999). Review: The Symbolic Species: The Co-Evolution of Language and the Brain By Terrence W. Deacon. [REVIEW] Zygon 34 (1):195-198.
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  39. Nick Chater & Morten H. Christiansen (2010). Language Acquisition Meets Language Evolution. Cognitive Science 34 (7):1131-1157.
    Recent research suggests that language evolution is a process of cultural change, in which linguistic structures are shaped through repeated cycles of learning and use by domain-general mechanisms. This paper draws out the implications of this viewpoint for understanding the problem of language acquisition, which is cast in a new, and much more tractable, form. In essence, the child faces a problem of induction, where the objective is to coordinate with others (C-induction), rather than to model the structure of the (...)
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  40. Noam Chomsky (2007). Biolinguistic Explorations: Design, Development, Evolution. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 15 (1):1 – 21.
    Biolinguistic inquiry investigates the human language faculty as an internal biological property. This article traces the development of biolinguistics from its early philosophical origins through its reformulation during the cognitive revolution of the 1950s and outlines my views on where the biolinguistic enterprise stands today. The growth of language in the individual, it is suggested, depends on (i) genetic factors, (ii) experience, and (iii) principles that are not specific to the faculty of language. The best current explanation of how language (...)
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  41. Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater (2008). Language as Shaped by the Brain. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  42. Stephen R. L. Clark (2000). The Evolution of Language: Truth and Lies. Philosophy 75 (3):401-421.
    There is both theoretical and experimental reason to suppose that no-one could ever have learned to speak without an environment of language-users. How then did the first language-users learn? Animal communication systems provide no help, since human languages aren't constituted as a natural system of signs, and are essentially recursive and syntactic. Such languages aren't demanded by evolution, since most creatures, even intelligent creatures, manage very well without them. I propose that representations, and even public representations like sculptures, precede full (...)
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  43. D. S. Clarke (2003). Sign Levels Language and its Evolutionary Antecedents. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  44. O. F. Cook (1904). The Biological Evolution of Language. The Monist 14 (4):481-491.
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  45. Fiona Cowie (2010). By the Waters of Babel: Jean-Louis Dessalles' Why We Talk. Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):880-888.
    Why We Talk is a complex, ambitious, original, thought-provoking, and sometimes frustrating book. In it, Jean-Louis Dessalles argues that the critical spur to the development of human language—language’s true biological function—was political. It wasn’t political in any of the senses hitherto floated in the literature, though: language didn’t evolve because it fostered group cohesion or cooperation, or facilitated mind-reading or manipulation. Instead, language originally served more or less the same function as ritualized displays of aggression and submission in many social (...)
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  46. Stephen J. Cowley (2004). Early Hominins, Utterance-Activity, and Niche Construction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):509-510.
    Falk's argument takes for granted that “protolanguage” used a genetic propensity for producing word-forms. Using developmental evidence, I dispute this assumption and, instead, reframe the argument in terms of behavioral ecology. Viewed as niche-construction, putting the baby down can help clarify not only the origins of talk but also the capacity to modify what we are saying as we speak.
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  47. Lee Cronk (2004). Continuity, Displaced Reference, and Deception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):510-511.
    Falk's contribution to a continuity theory of the origins of language would be complemented by an account of the origins of displaced reference, a key characteristic distinguishing human language from animal signaling systems. Because deception is one situation in which nonhumans may use signals in the absence of their referents, deception may have been the starting point for displaced reference.
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  48. Valentina Cuccio (2014). From a Bodily-Based Format of Knowledge to Symbols. The Evolution of Human Language. Biosemiotics 7 (1):49-61.
    Although ontogeny cannot recapitulate phylogeny, a two-level model of the acquisition of language will be here proposed and its implication for the evolution of the faculty of language will be discussed. It is here proposed that the identification of the cognitive requirements of language during ontogeny could help us in the task of identifying the phylogenetic achievements that concurred, at some point, to the acquisition of language during phylogeny. In this model speaking will be considered as a complex ability that (...)
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  49. Bart De Boer (2012). Air Sacs and Vocal Fold Vibration: Implications for Evolution of Speech. Theoria Et Historia Scientiarum 9:13-28.
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  50. Terrence W. Deacon (2005). Language as an Emergent Function. Theoria 20 (3):269-286.
    Language is a spontaneously evolved emergent adaptation, not a formal computational system. Its structure does not derive from either innate or social instruction but rather self-organization and selection. Its quasi-universal features emerge from the interactions among semiotic constraints, neural processing limitations, and social transmission dynamics. The neurological processing of sentence structure is more analogous to embryonic differentiation than to algorithmic computation. The biological basis of this unprecedented adaptation is not located in some unique neurologieal structure nor the result of any (...)
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